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February, 1845. No original records were returned, but sixteen volumes of copies from originals were obtained in Holland, fortyseven in London, and seventeen in Paris. They were neatly bound and placed in the office of the Secretary of State.

The "Supply Bill" of 1848,2 appropriated $600 to the Secretary of State to pay for extra clerk hire in collecting documents and papers belonging to the State, connected with its history, and translating the same. Under this authority, Dr. Edmund B. O'Callaghan was appointed, and on the 4th of January, 1849, the Secretary transmitted a report.3

By Legislative resolutions subsequently passed, a series of four volumes known as the "Documentary History of New York,” with sundry maps and illustrations, was issued in octavo, and in quarto, from 1849 to 1851, in very large editions, and portions of the material collected by Mr. Brodhead were included, the remainder being from unpublished State records and other sources.

In 1849 an act was passed' providing for the publication of the papers collected by Mr. Brodhead entire, under the direction of the Governor, Secretary of State and Comptroller, who were authorized to employ some suitable person to translate such portions as were in foreign languages, and to contract for the printing. Under this authority the series of ten quarto volumes entitled "Documents relating to the Colonial History of New York," and commonly cited as "Colonial History of New York," was published.

Of these, volumes 1 and 2, containing translations of the Holland Documents, were published in 1856-8. Volumes 3 to 8, containing the London Documents, were published in 1853-7; and volumes 9 and 10, being translations from the Paris Documents, were published in 1855-8. The editorial labors were performed by Dr. O'Callaghan, who prepared a general index to the whole series, published in 1861 as a separate volume, known as "Volume II."

During the publication of this work an act was passed April 12, 1856, transferring the supervision of its completion to the Regents of the University, and providing for its distribution; partly as literary exchanges, and the remainder for sale. At the end of six months, the volumes remaining were to be kept in the custody of the Regents, subject to the future action of the Legislature.

1 Senate Doc. 47, 1845, p. 376.

2 Chap. 260, Laws of 1848 ( 6).

3 Assembly Journal, 1849, p. 52.

Chap. 175, p. 236, Laws of 1849, passed March 30th.

5 Chap. 168, p. 262, Laws of 1856.

In 1877,' an appropriation was made for printing a twelfth volume of the series which was edited by Mr. Berthold Fernow, under the direction of the Secretary of State, and was printed in that year.2

In 1881, a second volume of this series (Vol. XIII) was printed under the direction of the Secretary of State.3

In 1883 a third volume of the new series (Vol. XIV) was printed under the same direction.*

By an act passed April 19, 1881," the following records were transferred from the office of the Secretary of State to the care of the Regents, as Trustees of the State Library:

Dongan's Laws. 1 volume.

Bills which failed to become laws, from 1685 to 1732. 2 volumes. Colonial Mannscripts, Dutch, English, etc. 103 volumes. Historical Documents procured by State agent in Europe. 80


Various Colonial Orders in Council, Letters, Council Minutes and Treasury Warrants. 50 volumes.

Marriage Bonds. 40 volumes.

Indentures of Palatine Children. 1 volume.

Indian Traders' Bonds. 2 volumes.

Original Dutch Patents. 2 volumes.

Minutes of the Commissioners to settle the boundaries between Massachusetts and Rhode Island in 1741. 1 volume.

1 Chap. 128, p. 138, Laws of 1877.

2 This volume is entitled "Documents relating to the History of the Dutch and Swedish Settlements on the Delaware River." Translated and Compiled from Original Manuscripts in the Office of the Secretary of State, and in the Royal Archives at Stockholm. By B. Fernow, Keeper of the Historical Records." Albany, 1877. 4to. pp. 669.

3" Documents relating to the History and Settlements of the Towns along the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers (with the exception of Albany), from 1630 to 1684; and also illustrating the Relations of the Settlers with the Indians. Translated, Compiled and Edited from the Original Records in the Office of the Secretary of State, at Albany, and other sources, under the direction of the Honble Joseph B. Carr, Secretary of State. By B. Fernow, Keeper of the Historical Records, Hon. Member Penn Historical Society." Albany, 1881. 4to.

pp. 617.

4 "Documents relating to the History of the Early Colonial Settlements, principally on Long Island, with a map of its Western Part, made in 1666. Translated, Compiled and Edited from the Original Records in the Office of the Secretary of State, and the State Library, under the direction of the Honble Joseph B. Carr. Secretary of State. By B. Fernow, Keeper of the Historical Records, Cor. and Hon. Member of the Penn", New York, Virginia and Buffalo Historical Societies. bany, 1883. 4to. pp. 799.


5 Chap. 120, Laws of 1881.

Minutes of the Commissioners to re-examine the controversy between Connecticut and the Mohegan Indians in 1743. 1 volume. Evidence in vindication of the territorial rights of New York against the claims of the New England Colonies in 1750. 1 volume. Papers relating to the Vermont Controversy (1777 to 1795). 2 volumes.

Revolutionary Papers. 45 volumes.

Minutes of the Council of Appointment (1777 to 1821). 14 vol


Files relating to the Proceedings of the Council of Appointment (unbound).

Minutes of the Council of Revision (1777 to 1824). 5 volumes. Assembly Papers (1777 to 1831). 43 volumes.

Miscellaneous Papers relating to the Frontiers, Neversink Navigation Company, Onondaga Salt Works, Canadian Sympathizers, Anti-Rent War, Dowen Fonda Claim, Boundaries, Holland Land Company, etc. 4 volumes.

Onondaga Claims. 1 volume.

Onondaga Salt Springs (1810 to 1812.) 4 volumes.

Files of Election Returns, unbound (1800 to 1837).

Such other manuscripts as the Secretary of State might deem as of only historical interest, and desirable to be thus transferred to the care of the Trustees of the State Library.

Also the following records from the Comptroller's office:

Accounts of Certificates Issued by the State Treasurer in the Time of the Revolution, 10 volumes.

Quarter-Masters' Accounts During the Revolutionary War, 3


Pay-rolls of Revolutionary Prisoners and State Agent's Certificates, 1 volume.

Pay-rolls of the New York Line in 1781, 1 volume.

Manifest Books, New York Custom House, 1737 to 1774, 33 volumes.

Entry Books, 1728 to 1769, 10 volumes.

Ship-Master's Bonds, 1750 to 1764, 7 volumes.

Sales of Property Belonging to Beverly Robinson and other Tories 1777 to 1779, 1 volume.

Accounts of forfeited Property Taken in Westchester County, 1782, 1 volume.

Such other records as the Comptroller might deem advisable.

Copies of any of the above records certified under the hand of the Secretary of the Board of Regents and under their seal, may be used in evidence in all courts within the State with the same force and effect as the original. The Regents are to appoint a person to

take charge of these records, the same as formerly authorized under the Secretary of State. This act took effect October 1, 1881.

Mr. Fernow, who has charge of these records now in the new State Capitol, is employed under the direction of the Regents in preparing other portions for publication. Considerable additions have been made from time to time by the recovery of manuscripts properly belonging to the State, which had got separated, and in the procuring of others that have a close relation to our history.

The report on the State Library at the beginning of 1884, notices the accession during the year previous of many thousand pages of manuscripts which had belonged chiefly to Governor George Clinton, and many of them to Governor De Witt Clinton. They consisted of a large quantity of correspondence with men of eminence throughout the United States. These additions will double the number of the former series of twenty-three volumes of the Clinton Papers, but are not of equal value.

A proposition for the collection of the aboriginal geographical names relating to places within the State of New York, with their signification, was submitted to the Regents by Henry R. Schoolcraft, in a letter dated February 6, 1843,' and was by them referred to the Legislature as an object worthy of encouragement. It was proposed as a rule that where these names had been fixed by usage, or legal enactments, that no attempt should be made to vary the orthography, but that in the case of those which were still unsettled, a uniform system of notation should be adopted, differing as little as possible from the common mode, or the ordinary pronunciation of the vowel sounds in English.

It was thought probable that the origin or meaning of these names, along the banks of the Hudson below Albany, might have already in some instances disappeared, although for the most part, the descendants of the native tribes in other sections of the State, had preserved their language as fully as they existed in 1600 when the country was wholly uninhabited by Europeans.

Mr. Schoolcraft was subsequently appointed by the Secretary of State, to make a special report upon the Indians of New York, in connection with the census of 1845. His report contains a large amount of information upon the history and traditions of the Indian

Report of Regents, 1843, p. 12.

"Appointed under section 15, chap 140, 1845. Report given in Senate Doc. No. 24, 1846, pp. 271.

tribes still existing, and in relation to the traces left by races that had passed away.

The late Lewis H. Morgan, of Rochester, whose researches in the line of Indian archæology and primitive languages have rendered his name familiar in the scientific world, undertook, at the expense of the State, and under the auspices of the Regents, about 1848-50, the collection of specimens of Indian fabrics and manufactures, as made at the present time, in which some of the appliances of civilized life are employed to decorate and improve upon the simple arts of aboriginal times. These collections are preserved in the State Museum, and figures and descriptions were published in the early reports of the Regents upon the State Cabinet. The Regents have at various times, published in their Cabinet Reports, maps of surveys of Indian earth-works, and descriptions of antiquities relating to our aboriginal period, of which there are only historical traces that remain.

In the opening address of Chancellor Pruyn, at the Regents' Convocation in July, 1876, he alluded to the celebration of the centennial anniversary of the battle of Saratoga as an object deserving of attention. Resolutions were passed recommending the subject to the Legislature.

In the next annual report, allusion is made to the proceedings to be held on the 17th of October, 1877, and the hope was expressed that the State would not fail duly to honor both the event and the distinguished services then rendered by General Philip Schuyler, one of the original members of the Board of Regents, who had contributed largely to the success of the event then to be celebrated.'

In 1879 a volume was published under the direction of the Secretary of State, pursuant to concurrent resolutions of the Legislature of 1878, and chapter 391 of the Laws of 1879, containing an account of several centennial celebrations that had been held in 1876 and 1877, viz.:

Proceedings of the New York Historical Society, with the address of Charles O'Connor on the adoption of the Constitution, February 6, 1877. Proceedings at Kingston; First formation of a State Government; The Battle of Oriskany; Centennial of August 6, 1877; Battle of Bemis Heights; Centennial of September 19, 1877, laying the corner stone of a monument to David Williams, one of the Captors of André Schoharie, September 23. 1876; Burgoyne's surrender; Celebration at Schuylerville, October 17, 1877; Cherry Valley Massacre; Celebration of the unveiling of a monument at Cherry Valley, August 15, 1877; The Old Capitol; The New Capitol; Historical and commemorative proceedings relating to the former and to the occupation of the New Capitol.

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