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Lands are adjacent to a house or a town; fields are adjoining to each other; and houses contiguous to each other.

They have been beating up for volunteers at York, and the towns adjacent; but nobody will list.

(Granville.) And now the odours, fanned by a gentle wind creeping from the adjacent sea, scattered themselves over that chamber, whose walls vied with the richest colours of the most glowing flowers.

(Bulwer's Last days of Pompeii.) This is more particularly the case with the counties adjacent to London, over which the Genius of Gardening exercises bis power so often and so wantonly, that they are usually new-created once in twenty or thirty years, and no traces left of their former condition.

(The world.) As he happens to have no estate adjoining equal to his own, his oppressions are often borne without resistance.

(Johnson.) We arrived at the utmost boundaries of a wood which lay contiguous to a plain.

Immortal Athens first, in ruins spread,
Contiguous lies at port Liono's head.

(Falconer's Shipw.)


4. SUFFER, 5. TOLERATE. 1. Zulassen, gelten lassen, gestatten ; 2. einräumen, zugeben, billigen;

3. erlauben, gestatten; 4. leiden, dulden, zulassen; 5. dulden, hingehen lassen.

Die Handlungen, welche die drei ersten Zeitwörter bezeichnen, sind mehr oder minder freiwillig; die der zwei leßten Wörter mehr oder minder nicht freiwillig: admit ist weniger freiwillig als allow, und dieses als permit. Wir lassen das gelten, we admit, welches wir nicht zu wissen bekennen, oder nicht verhindern wollen; wir råumen das ein, allow, so wir wissen und aus Wilfáhrigkeit stillschweigend anerkennen; wir erlauben, permit, das, so wir durch formliche Einwilligung aus Gefátligkeit oder Abneigung abzuschlagen gutheißen; wir dulden, suffer und tolerate, dasjenige, gegen welches wir einwenden, aber das wir nicht passend halten zu verhindern: bei suffer aus Mangel an Fähigkeit; bei tolerate aus Gründen der Klugheit. To admit, suffer und tolerate von Dingen, die vermieden werden sollten; allow und permit von guten oder schlechten Dingen.

It is dangerous to admit of familiarities from persons in a subordinate station, as they are apt to degenerate into impertinent freedoms, which though not allowable cannot be so conveniently resented: in this case we are often led to permit what we might otherwise prohibit: it is a great mark of weakness and blindness in parents to suffer that in their children which they condemn in others: opinions, however absurd, in matters of religion must be tolerated by the civil authority, rather than violate the liberty of conscience.

À well regulated society will be careful not to admit any deviation from good order: it frequently happens that what has been allowed from indiscretion is afterwards claimed as a right; no earthly power can per. mit that which is prohibited by the divine law: when abuses are suffered to creep in, and to take deep root in any established institution, it is difficult to bring about a reform; when abuses are not very grievous, it is wiser to tolerate them than run the risk of producing a greater evil.

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Both houses declared that they could admit of no treaty with the king, till he took down his standard and recalled his proclamations, in which the Parliament supposed themselves to be declared traitors. (Hume.)

Plutarch says very finely, that a man should not allow himself to hate even his enemies.

(Addison.) He dresseth beautifully let us allow it there is nothing outré about him: you see not in him the slovenly magnificence of other nations.

(Bulwer's Engl.)
I bave obtained his permission to make these conversations public.

(Bulwer's Stud.)
Permit our ships a shelter on your shores,
Refitted from your woods with planks and oars.

(Dryden.) No man can be said to enjoy health, who is only not sick, without he feel within himself a lightsome and invigorating principle, which will not suffer him to remain idle.

(Spectator.) No man ought to be tolerated in an habitual humour, whim, or particularity of behaviour, by any who do not wait upon him for bread.



Anbeten ; 2. anbeten, verehren. Mit dem ersten Verbo bezeichnen wir die aus der Tiefe unsers Herzens entstromende Unbetung Gottes, mit dem zweiten die äußere Form einer cinem vermeinten höhern Wesen gezollten Verehrung. Adoration kann eigent: lich nur mit Bezug auf den einzigen, wahren Gott gebraucht werden, wird aber auch in uneigentlicher, ausgedehnter Bedeutung angewendet, während worship die Beobachtung åußerer Formen und besonders die heidnische Ber: ehrung der Gottheiten bedeuten möchte.

We may adore our Maker at all times and in all places, whenever the heart is lifted up towards him; but we worship him only at stated times, and according to certain rules. We seldom adore without worshiping ; but we too frequently worship without adoring.

All bright as in those happy dreams
Thou stood'st, a creature to adore
No less than love, breathing out beams
As flowers do fragrance, at each pore !

(Moor's Loves of the Angels.)
Let Indians, and the gay, like Indians, fond
Of feather’d fopperies, the sun adore;
Darkness has more divinity for me.

(Young's N. Th.) See!« cried he, »your goddess cannot avenge herself. Is this thing to worship?«

(Bulwer's Last days of Pompeii.) He loved to keep alive the worship of Egypt, because he thus maintained the shadow and the recollection of her power.

(Bulwer's Last days of P.) Do not be surprised then, If I became a convert to idolatry in so amiable a form, and worshipped Saint Anna on the score of her namesakes.

(Beckford's Italy.) No heathen ever worshipped an idol with such devotion. (Kenilworth).

This Greek girl (Myrrha in Byron's Sardanapalus), at once brave and tender, enamoured of her lord, yet yearning to be free; worshipping alike her distant land and the soft barbarian : what new, and what dramatic combinations of feeling!

(Bulwer's Engl.)


1. TO ADORN, 2. DECORATE, 3. EMBELLISH. 1. Schmücken, zieren ; 2. verzieren, auszieren, schmücken, verschönern;

3. verschönern. Wenn wir einem Dinge das beste dußere ansehen geben, ist das erste Zeitwort anwendbar; das zweite, wenn der Sache durch Hinzufügung ein höherer Grad von Zierde verliehen worden; das Critte, wenn wir die legte Þand an ein gut ausgeführtes Ding legen. Das erste und dritte Zeit:vort wird auch bildlich, das zwcite meistens im eigentlichen Sinne gebraucht.

Females adorn their persons by the choice and disposal of their dress. A head - dress is decorated with flowers, or a room with paintings. Fine writing is embellished by suitable flourishes. The mind is adorned by particular virtues which are implanted in it: a narrative is embellished by the introduction of some striking incidents. As vines the trees, as grapes the vines adorn. (Dry den.)

Her looks are like the sportive lamb,
When flow'ry May adorns the scene,
That wantons round its bleating dam;
An' she's twa glancin' sparklin' een.

(Burns' Pocms.) The same passion which carried Bonaparte to Egypt and to Moscow, expended itself in the interior of his kingdom on those bridges, canals, triumphal arches, and memorable edifices, with which France during his power was decorated and improved.

(Bulwer's France.) That which was once the most beautiful spot of Italy, covered with palaces, embellished by emperors, and celebrated by poets, has now nothing to shew but ruins.

(Addison's Italy.)

1. ADVERSE, 2. CONTRARY, 3. OPPOSITE. 1. Entgegengeseßt, widrig; 2. entgegengeseßt, verschieden, widrig;

3. entgegengeseßt, entgegengestellt, gegenüber. Das erste bezieht sich auf die Gefühle und Interessen von Personen, und ist auch auf leblose Dinge anwendbar; das zweite betrifft Plåne und Absichten, und wird auch von Dingen gebraucht; das dritte bezieht sich auf die Lage und Natur belebter und unbelebter Dinge.

Fortune is adverse; an event turns out contrary to what was expected; sentiments are opposite to each other. Contrary winds are mostly adverse to some one who is crossing the ocean. People with opposite characters cannot be expected to act together with pleasure to either party. He lives opposite to the castle.

The manners of a man, trained like Sir William Ashion, are too much at his command to remain long disconcerted with the most adverse concurrence of circumstances. (W. Scott's Bride of Lammermoor.)

The periodical winds which were then set in, were distinctly adverse to the course which Pizarro proposed to steer.

Our greatness will appear
Then most conspicous, when great things of small,
Useful of hurtful, prosp'rous of adverse,
We can create.

(Paradise Lost.)
Cares are employments; and without employ
The soul is on a rack; the rack of rest,
To souls most adverse ; action all their joy.

(Young's Night Th.)

When lovers meet in adverse hour,
'Tis like a sun-
- glimpse through a shower.

(W. Scott's Rokeby.)
As I should be loth to offer none but instances of the abuse of

pros. perity, I am happy in recollecting one very singular example of the contrary sort.

And as Aegaeon, when with heav'n he strove,
Stood opposite in arms to mighty Jove.


1. ADVERSITY, 2. DISTRESS. 1. Widerwärtigkeit, Trübsal, Noth , Elend; 2. Angst, Noth, Jammer,

Plage, Trübjal. Das erste Hauptwort bezeichnet åußere Umstånde, das zweite entweder diese, oder innere Gefühle; jenes wird prosperity, disses ease entgegengestellt. Adversity ist ein allgemeiner Zustand, distress ein besonderer, und eigentlich der höchste Grad von adversity, daher jenes prüfenó, die: fes überwältigend.

When accidents deprive a man of his possessions or blast his prospects, he is said to be in adversity, but when in addition to this he is reduced to a state of want, deprived of friends and all prospect of relief, bis situation is that of real distress. Every man is liable to adversity, although few are reduced to distress but by their own fault.

Those who live only for the world, and in the world, may be cast down by the frowns of adversity; but a man like Roscoe is not to be overcome by the reverses of fortune. (W. Irwing's Sketch Book.)

Instead, however, of learning wisdom from adversity, he hadened his neck, and stiffened his left arm in wilfulness. (Irving's Alhambra.) I never felt what the distress of plenty was in any one shape till now.

(Sentim. Journey.) Such a tragical scene, productive of so deep distress, seldom occurs but in the history of the great monarchies of the East, where the force of the climate works up and sublimes all the passions of the human mind into the greatest fury, and the absolute power of sovereigns enables them to act with uncontrolled violence.

(Robertson's hist. of Charles V.)

1. AFFLICTION, 2. GRIEF, 3. SORROW. 1. Betrübniß, Befümmerniß, Mißgeschick, Unglüf; 2. Gram, Kummer,

Berchwerde, Noth, Schmerz, Leiden; 3. Kummer, Gram, Traurigkeit, Betrübniß.

Das erste Sauptwort bedeutet ein starkeres Leiden, als das zweite, es liegt tiefer in der Seele; das dritte ein geringeres, als das zweite, es ist die Foige widriger Umståndé, an welchen das Leben so reich ist.

The loss of what is most dear, the continued sickness of our friends, or a reverse of fortune, will all cause affliction; the misfortunes of others, the failure of our favourite schemes, the troubles of our country, will occasion us grief.

There is a stupefaction in woe, and the heart sleeps without a pang when exhausted by its afflictions.

(Bulwer's Pilgrims.) A disappointement; the loss of a game, our own mistake, or the negligences of others, cause

Between astonishment and grief, I was tearless.

(Byron's Fragment.)


and a

Where shall we find the man that bears affliction,
Great and majestic in his griefs, like Cato?

(Addison's Cato.)
Full many a stoic eye and aspect stern,
Mask hearts where grief hath little left to learn ;
And many a withering thought lies bid, not lost,
In smiles that least befit who wear them most.

(Byron's Corsair.)
Music the fiercest grief can charm,
And fate's severest rage disarm.

(Pope's Odes.)
But grief should be the instructor of the wise :
Sorrow is knowledge: they who know the most
Must mourn the deepest o'er the fatal truth;
The tree of knowledge is not that of Life.

(Byron's Manfred.) The most agreeable objects recall the sorrow for her with whom he used to enjoy them.

(Addison.) The Corporal blushed down to his fingers end, a tear of sentimental bashfulness another of gratitude to my uncle Toby, tear of sorrow for his brother's misfortunes, started into his eye, and ran sweetly down his cheek together.

(Sterne's T. Shandy.) 1. TO AFFORD, 2. YIELD, 3. PRODUCE. 1. Geben, liefern, hervorbringen ; 2. bringen, tragen ; 3. hervorbringen.

Mit afford ist der Begriff verbunden, einen Theil, oder die Eigenthúmlichkeit irgend eines Dinges einer Person mittheilen; to yield ist die naturliche Wirkung irgend eines Dinges, die ihm beiwohnenden Eigenthümlichkeiten mitzutheilen; to produce bezeichnet, daß ein Ding aus einem andern entsteht; es ist eine Art Erschaffung und Gestaltung einer neuen Substanz. Afford und produce haben eine moralische Anwendung, nicht aber yield.

Religion is the only thing, than can afford true consolation and peace of mind in the season of affliction, and the hour of death. Nothing affords so great a scope for ridicule as the follies of fashion.

Meat affords nourishment to those who make use of it; the sun affords light aud heat to all living creatures. The generous man, in the ordinary acceptation, without respect of the demands of his family, will soon find upon the foot of his account that he has sacrificed to fools, knaves, flatterers, or the deservedly unhappy, all the opportunities of affording any other assistance where it ought to be.

(Steele.) Trees yield fruit; the seed yields grain ; some sorts of grain do not yield much in particular soils.

Their vines a shadow to their race shall yield,
And the same hand that sowed shall reap the field.

(Pope.) The earth produces a variety of fruits; confined air will produce an explosion. The bistory of man does not afford an instance of any popular commotion that has ever produced such atrocities and atrocious characters as the French revolution. The recollection of past incidents, particularly those which have passed in our infancy, produces the most pleasurable sensations in the mind. Nothing produces so much misfortune as the vice of Druokepness.

It was the mind of man itself, those intellectual faculties refined by the ancients to the highest degree, wbich had produced the specimens of

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