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PREFATORY NOTE TO VOLUME XXIV.

With this volume (VIII. of National Series, and 24 of Entire Series) the National Series of the American Journal of Education, commenced in 1861, will close. Including two supplementary volumes (one to Volume II. (18 of the Entire Series) and the other to Volume VII. (23 of the Entire Series)], which are devoted almost exclusively to the Circulars and Reports of the United States Commissioner of Education, not included in other volumes, the National Series embraces ten volumes, which present a more comprehensive survey of the entire field of national systems and institutions of education in all countries in which schools for general or special purposes have been recognized and administered by law, than is to be found in the same number of volumes in any language, so far as we know.

We hope to close our editorial labors in this wide and interesting field of educational journalism, begun with the Connecticut Common School Journal in 1838, by issuing an International Series of the American Journal of Education, in which the existing status of schools, and the problem of public instruction in different countries will be discussed by educators and teachers' prominent in their respective fields, from their practical familiarity with principles and details, and comparisons will be instituted between the schools, methods, and statistics of the different systems for the general advancement of human culture everywhere. The terms of this series will be set forth at the close of this volume.

HENRY BARNARD. HARTFORD, Conn., March 16, 1873.

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THE

Imerican Fournal of Education.

(NATIONAL SERIES.]
Nos. 29, 30, 31, 32–VOLUME VIII.-1873.

(Entire SeriesNumber 74, 75, 76, 77– Vol. XXIV.)

1

CONTENTS.

PAGN

Number 29 (Entire Series 74), for March 15, 1873....

1-208

I. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION......

9-16

II. THE UNIVERSITY-Historically developed..

17-48
1. General Conception in the School of Life and Affairs..

17
2. The University of Athens-Student Life.....

23
3. The Universities of Alexandria-Library and Professors.

33
4. The Imperial Schools of Rome, Carthage, and Berytus..

38
5. The Cathedral and Monastic Schouls-British Isles....
6. The Palace, and other Schools of Charlemagne...

43
7. List of Universities established prior to 1500..

48

III. GERMAN PEDAGOGY

49-58

Beneke.............

50

IV. FRENCH PEDAGOGY....

59-90

Baron Montesquieu-Principles of National Education..

59

M. Duruy-Subjects and Methods of Secondary Special Schools.

64

V. EDUCATIONAL BIOGRAPHY.....

91-136

Marquis of Pombul. Martin Luther. Peter Ramus. W.C. Whitford.

91

| VI. CHAPTERS IN THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND EDUCATION..

137-176

VII. English PedagOGY-OLD AND New..

177-196

Mulcaster-Webster-Wase......

VIII. SchooI, ARCHITECTURE....

193-208

Boston Girls' High School-New Haven High School.

193

Number 30 (Entire Series No. 75), June 15, 1873..

209-416

I. PUBLIC INSTRUCTION IN GRAND DUCHY OF FINLAND.

209-924

Area-Population-Government-Industries......

209

Popular Schools-Lower and Higher........

213

Secondary Schools Classical and Scientific....

216

Superior, Special, and Supplementary Schools....

217

II. STATE SYSTEMS OF Common SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES...

225-330

Alabama-Arkansas California-Connecticut-Delaware-Florida Georgia., 227

Illinois Indiana-Iowa-Kansas-Kentucky Louisiana- Maine-Maryland...

Massachusetts Michigan-Minnesota-Mississippi-Missouri-Nebraska.... 264

Nevada-New Hampshire New Jersey-New York-North Carolina-Ohio...... 287

Oregon-Pennsylvania-Rhode Island-South Carolina-Tennessee...

307

Texas-Vermont-Virginia-West Virginia-Wisconsin...

320

III. CHAPTERS IN THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN Schools......

.330-336

National Conventions and Associations.....

330

IV. THE EARLY CHRISTIAN Schools, SCHOLARS, AND TEACHERS..

337-374

Boniface Utrecht-Hatto and Rebanus of Fulda-Lupus of Ferrieres...

337

Paschasius-Bruno-Boppo_Udalric-Bernwald-Bennon-Meinwerc...

347

Hildesheim-Misnia–Paderborn-Prague-Hirshau-Rheims.......

356

Odo-Gerbert-Athelhard-Lanfranc-Anselm...

369

V. TEACHING ORDERS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH....

375 400

1. St. Dominic and the Dominicans.....

375

2. St. Francis and the Franciscans..

393

PAGE.

Number 31 (Entire Series No. 76), for October 15, 1873.... ...... 417-640

1. THE ENGLISH UNIVERSITIES.

401-416

1. The College in the English Universities....

401

2. The College in the o:der Continental Universities.

402

3. The Domestic Side of University Life..

410

II. MILITARY SYSTEMS AND SCHOOLS in Russia

417

1. Military Schools...

418

2. Naval Schools.....

431

UI. LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE OF ANCIENT GREECE IN ENGLAND.

433-436

IV. BENEFACTORS OF AMERICAN EDUCATION........

433-450

WILLIAM ROBINSON-Robinson Female Seminary, Exeter, N. H..

SAMUEL WILLETS–Swarthmore College, Delaware County. Penn...

416

EZRA CORNELL-Cornell University, Ithica, N. Y....

447

V. ENDOWMENTS OF AMERICAN COLLEGES..

451-452

1. Harvard. 2. Yale.......

451

VI. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION-HISTORICALLY CONSIDERED.....

453-512

1. Higher Education in Greece.......

553

Schools of Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Museum of Alexandria.

454

2. Higher Education among the Romans.......

467

Athenæum of Rome-University of Athens....

477

3. Christianity and Academic Study.....

486

Tetradirion of Constantine-Law School at Rome..

487

4. Origin and Organization of Faculties.......

495

VII. THE EARLIEST CHRISTIAN SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS.

515-536

1. Catechetical School at Alexandria avd Berytus..

515

Origio-Subjects and Methods of Teaching.

516

2. St. Benedict and His Rule......

525

The Benedictine Convents and Schools....

533

VIII, THE AMERICAN LIBRARY OF PRACTICAL EDUCATION.

545-600

1. Studies and Conduct......

545

2. Primary and Elementary Instruction....

3. American Pedugogy-First Series..

561

4. Aphorisms and Practical Suggestions.

567

5. English Pedagogy--First Series

569

6. Pestalozzi and Pestalozzianism..

577

7. German Pedagogy.....

585

8. French Pedagogy..

596

9. English Pedugogy-Second Series...

589

10. American Pedagogy-Second Series...

598

IX. NATIONAL SYSTEMS OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION..

585-609

I. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY Schools..

585

1. The German States........

585

2. Switzerland-France-Belgium-Holland-Denmark-Norway-Sweden ........ 593

Russin-Turkey-Greece-Italy-Spain--- Portugal....

597

3. Great Britain–England-Scotland—Ireland..

605

4. The American States......

609

II. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.

613

NII. PROFESSIONAL AND SPECIAL INSTRUCTION......,

617

1. Scientific and Technical Schools.......

617

2. Military and Naval Schools.....

631

3. Normal Schools and Teachers' Institutes and Associations..

643

Number 32 (Entire Series No. 77), for December 15, 1873.

649-1096

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.......

651

Documentary History.......

Special Index to each Volume-I. to XXIV.

657

Classified Index to Volumes I to XVI....

901

General Index to Volumes I. to V.........

949

GENERAL INDEX (based on the Special Indexes).

965

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