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portion forms an alphabetical index. These lists have been carried no further back than the Revolution, in consequence of the increased certainty and greater interest which attaches to

he high officers of the state since that remarkable change in the constitution ; while upon the same principles the series of bishops is made to commence at the Reformation. Practical utility being the main object aimed at, considerable labour has also been expended in ii'entifying the persons of those who have filled discinguished stations, so that those of similar name should not be confounded, or any discrepancy of period introduced into a subject where accuracy is so vital a characteristic.

The close attention to minute trifles which the foregoing statement involves, can never be consi. dered as a pleasing or interesting undertaking ; but its annoyances have been encountered from a belief that whatever illustrates the political or social history of a great country, whatever readily and satisfactorily disentangles matters which are liable to misconception, will not be harshly judged by the public, nor lightly estimated by those whose pleasures or whose labours it is intended to facilitate.

CONTENTS.

For more copious references to individual portions of each article, the reader is referred to the alphabetical index at the end of the volume.

PAGE

5

PREFACE

PART 1.-PRECEDE

СЕ. .

PAGE

PAGE INTRODUCTION to Precedence.. 19 University Precedence........... 71 General table of Precedence ... 25 Naval Precedence.....

72 Hereditary distinctions in order Military Precedence....

73 of Precedence.

62

Comparative Naval and MiliKnightly Precedence ............ 64

tary Rank

74 Precedence in the Order of the Precedence in the East Indies' ib. Garter ......

64 Table of East Indian PreceThe Thistle..................... 65

dence ..............

75 St. Patrick .......................

ib. Precedence among Ladies ...... 79 The Bath ..........

ib.

Summary of the rules and ex-
St. Michael and St. George 66 ceptions respecting Ladies'
The Guelphs of Hanover... 67 Precedence ......

80 Among Knights Bachelor. ib. Table of Precedence amongst Official Precedence ....... ib.

Ladies ......

81 Judicial and Legal Precedence. 69 Alphabetical Index to the geneClerical Precedence ...............

70 ral table of Precedence 86

PART 11.-JIEREDITARY DIGNITIES. SECTION 1.-The Throne 93 Duties of the King ............... 106 Succession to the Throne ...... ib. Qualifications .......

ib. Present heirs in the order of Delegation of the Sovereign succession

95
powers.....

107 Accession to the Throne... 96

The Regent

108 Demise of the Monarch ......... 98 Ex ples of Regents

108 Abdication

Modern appointments of a Re-
The King

102
gent .........

109 The Royal Prerogative ib. | The Queen... .......

113

........... 100

PAGE

TAGE

The Queen Regnant

........... 113

Lieutenant ............................. 134

The Queen Consort ............... 114 Ensign ...........

.................. ib.

The Queen Dowager......... ... ... 115 Exempts or Exons ................

The Royal Family .................. ib. Clerk of the Cheque

............... 135

The Prince of Wales................ 116 Sergeants at Arms

ib.

The Earldom of Chester ......... 117 Master of the Horse................ 136

The Dukedom of Cornwall...... ib. Chief Equerry...... ... ... ... ... ... ... 137

The Princess of Wales............ 121 Dean of the Chapel Royal ib.

The Princess Royal

............... ib.

Clerk of the closet................... ib.

Table of allowances to the Royal Chaplains ................. 138

Royal Family, alphabetically Mistress of the Robes ............ ib.

arranged, with the conditions Groom of the Stole

ib.

of the respective grants

122 Ladies of the Bedchamber 139

The Royal Household ............ 124 Bedchamber Women

ib.

Keeper of the Privy Purse ...... 126 Maids of Honour

ib.

Lord Steward of the Household ib. Licenser of Plays

ib.

Treasurer of the Household ... 128 Historiographer Royal............ ib.

Comptroller of the Household.. ib. Poet Laureate

140

Master of the Honsehold......... ib.

Lord Chamberlain of the House-

hold

ib. Section II.—The Peerage...... 141

Vice-Chamberlain of the House- The Peerage and the House of

hold
129 Lords

ib.

Hereditary Grand Almoner ib. Peers of England .................. 141

Lord High Almoner ................ 130

Peers of Scotland .................

ib.

Knight Marshal
ib. Peers of Great Britain ............

142

Gentlemen of the Privy Cham- Peers of Ireland....

ib.
ber .............

131 Peers of the United Kingdom.. ib.
Gentlemen Ushers of the Privy Lords Spiritual

ib.
Chamber

ib. Peers of Parliament............ ib.
Gentlemen Ushers, Daily Wai- The Peerage of Scotland ......... ib.
ters

.... 132 Election of Scottish represen-

Gentlemen Ushers, Quarterly tative Peers ..................... 143

ib.

The Union Roll of Scotland 144

Master of the Ceremonies ib. Mode of voting at the Election

Gentlemen at Arms ............... ib. of the Scottish representative

Captain of the Gentlemen at

Peers. ......

ib.

Arms .................
133 The Peerage of Ireland

145

Lieutenant

ib. Limitations affecting the crea-

Standard Bearer

ib. tion of new Irish Peerages... 146

Clerk of the Cheque.

Mode of Electing the first Irish

Harbinger

ib. representative Peers. ......... 147

Yeomen of the Guard ............

134 Mode of filling up vacancies in

Yeomen Hangers

ib. the representative branch of

Yeoman Bedgoers.................. ib. the Irish Peerage

............... 148

Beefeaters

ib. The Lords Spiritual

............. 149

Captain of the Yeomen of the The rotation of Irish represen-

ib. tative Prelates, and the modi-

169

PAGE

PAGE fications which it has under- Attainder of the heir apparent. 167

gone ............ .................... 149 Attainder of Coheirs................ ib. Rota of Irish representative Forfeiture Prelates for the next six Abeyance

........... 170 years. ............................... 151 Modes by which Abeyance may Creation of Peerages

ib. be terminated...................... 171 Writ of Summons to Parliament 152 Dormancy

172 Decision of the Lords respect- Duke

173 ing Writs of Summons......... 153 Marquis

175 Summons to the eldest son of Earl ....................................

176 an Earl, Marquis, or Duke in Viscount ............................... 179 his father's Barony

Baron ...........

................ 180 Letters patent ..................... 155

Duration of life among memTenure............ ................ 156 bers of the Peerage

182 Baronies jure uxoris 158 Claims to Peerages

186 Succession to Peerages ib. Privileges of the Peerage 189 Alienation of Dignities

160 Extinction of Titles ............... 161 Section III.-The Baronetage 193 Impeachment 162 Baronet

ib. Rules observed in Impeach- Baronets of Scotland or Nova ments .............................

163 Scotia

............. 196 Attainder ........................... 166 Baronets of Ireland

ib.

............ 154

............

.... 241

*....... 245

PART III.-PERSONAL DISTINCTIONS. Tules by courtesy

............... 201

KnightsCommander of the Bath 237 Tables illustrating courtesy Companions of the Bath ......... 238 Titles ................. 202

The Order of St. Michael and
Knighthood ........................ 211

St. George
Knight Banneret ................... 213 The Order of the Guelphs of
Knight Bachelor .................. 215 Hanover
The Order of the Garter .......... 219 Esquire

......... 247 Military Knights of Windsor... 222 List of persons entitled to the Naval Knights of Windsor...... 223 title of Esquire

.................. 248 The Order of the Thistle......... 255 The Collar of SS

................... 249 The Order of St. Patrick 230 Gentlemen ....

252 The Order of the Bath ........... 234 Classification of those who are Knights Grand Cross of the entitled to the style of GenBath.

tleman .......

....... 252

.......... 236

PART IV._OFFICIAL AND PROFESSIONAL RANKS. The Privy Council

257 Premier, or Prime Minister..... ib. Style and title of Privy Coun- List of the Cabinet Ministers... 261 cillors .........

259 The Judicial Committee of the The Cabinet Council

260 Privy Council.................... 262

.... 325

....... 345

.......... 270

and

PAGE

PAGE List of members of the Judicial Master of the Rolls Committee

262 Chief Justice of the Common The Board of Trade and Plan

Pleas

327 tations

263 Chief Baron of the Exchequer 329 List of Members of the Board The Vice-Chancellors

331 of Trade, &c ......

ib. The Attorney-General ............ 334 Lord President of the Council.. ib. The Solicitor-General

338 Lord Privy Seal....... 264 Queen's Connsel

339 The Privy Council in Ireland... 265 Legal Functionaries in ScotThe Parliament......

ib. land Privileges of Parliament......... 267 The Court of Session

............ 346 Mode of sitting in the house of Lords of Session

ib. Lords

268 The Court of Justiciary ........ 349 Yode of sitting in the house of Legal Functionaries in Ireland 350 Commons

The Church ........................ 352 Speaker of the house of Com- Duties and Privileges of the mons

............ 271
Clergy

.............. 356 Lord High Treasurer

274 Qualifications of the Clergy...... 357 Chancellor of the Exchequer... 275 Curates..............

359 The Budget......

ib. Ministers.............................. ib. Secretaries of State ................ 276 Chaplains ..........

ib. Secretaries of State for the Vicars

.....

360 Southern Northern, Rectors ...........

ib. Home and Foreign, Colonial Archdeacons ......................... 361 and War departments ......... 280 Dean and Canon

362 Under Secretaries of State 281 Bishops

364 Lord Great Chamberlain of Archbishops

368 England

ib.

Archbishoprics and Bishoprics Lord High Constable

284 in the United Church of EngLord High Admiral

287 land and Ireland alphabetiBoard of Admiralty

288 cally arranged.............. 371 Earl Marshal of England ......... 291 The Church Tem

ralities Act The Queen's Champion 292

(Ireland), Summary of its The Heralds' College, or Col- provisions

390 lege of Arms ........ 295 Universities

392 The Heralds of Scotland......... 298 The University of Oxford ib. The Office of Arms in Ireland.. 300 Colleges at Oxford... ....... 395 Ambassador ................

The University of Cambridge... 397 Lord Lieutenant of Ireland...... 306 Colleges of Cambridge ............. ib. Lords Justices of Ireland

The University of Durham...... 398 List of officers who are changed The University of London ...... ib.

with every new ministry ...... 309 University College, London 399 Judge

........... 312 | King's College, London ......... 400 Lord High Chancellor ............. 316

The Scottish Universities ....... ib. Lord High Steward ............... 319

The University of St. Andrew's ib. Chief Justice of the Queen's The University of Aberdeen ... ib. Bench

323 The University of Glasgow...... 401

....... 301

...... 308

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