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CX. Knights GRAND CROSS OF THE BATH are placed on 'the ground that that order is more ancient than any which are placed after it, excepting No. CXIV. (Knights bachelor). Their position here is authorized by the decree issued by James I. in 1612.

CXI. Knights Grand Cross of St. MICHAEL AND St. George are here placed under the authority of the statutes establishing the order in which each rank was granted precedence next after the corresponding ranks of the order of the Bath.

CXII. Knights COMMANDER OF THE Bath are here placed on the grounds stated at No. cx.

CXIII. KNIGHTS COMMANDER OF St. Michael AND ST. GEORGE are here placed under the authority of the statute referred to at No. cxi.

CXIV. KNIGHTS BACHELOR.-By various patents and ordinances, as well as by acts of parliament, several classes in the state have been assigned precedence over knights bachelor, and though they are the most ancient order of knights, we find them at length moved downwards by successive changes to this rank in the scale of precedence.

CXV. COMPANIONS OF THE Bath.—The Royal Ordinance issued in the year 1815, enlarging the Order of the Bath, assigned to the companions of the order “ place and precedency of all esquires." The several classes entitled to the affix of esquire, are very numerous, and to each of such classes is assigned its own proper place, but the Companions of the Bath are entitled to rank above them all.

CXVI. COMPANIONS AND CAVALIERI OF ST. MICHAEL AND ST. GEORGE are here placed under the authority

of the statutes of the order before referred to. Such members, however, of this class as were nominated previous to the publication of the statutes of 1832, are entitled, under the older code, to a higher precedence. Of this class only two individuals are now living, and their place within the lonian islands and Malta, is immediately before all Knights Bachelor -a rank three degrees higher than that belonging to those who have been nominated subsequent to 1832.

CXVII. Eldest Sons of The Younger Sons op Peers are here placed under the authority of an ordinance of the Earl Marshal's Court, dated 18th of March, 1615.

CXVIII. Eldest Sons OF BARONETS are here placed on the same ground as No. cxvII. viz., the ordinance of the Earl Marshal's Court,

CXIX. Eldest Sons of KNIGHTS OF THE GARTER are here placed on the ground of ancient usage, which is confirmed by implication in the ordinance of the Earl Marshal's Court already referred to.

CXX. ELDEST Sons of Knights BANNERET, on the same ground as No. cxix.

CXXI. ELDEST SONS OF THE KNIGHTS OF THE Thistle, on the same ground as No. cxix.

CXXII. EL EST Sons of Knights Grand Cross Of The Bath, on the same ground as No. cxix. and, inter se, they rank according to seniority of their respective fathers in the order of the Bath.

CXXIII. Eldest Sons of Knights' GRAND CROSS of St. Michael And St. George occupy this position in correspondence with that of their fathers after grand crosses of the Bath.

CXXIV. ELDEST Sons of KNIGHTS COMMANDER OF THE Bath, on the same ground as No. cxix.

CXXV. ELDEST Sons of Knights COMMANDER of St. MICHAEL AND ST. GEORGE are here placed, on the ground that the general practice with respect to precedence gives to the descendants of titled persons a station amongst each other, analogous to that enjoyed by their fathers.

CXXVI. ELDEST Sons Of Knights BACHELOR are here placed under the authority of letters patent temp. James I.

CXXVII. Younger Sons OF BARONETS are here placed on the same ground as No. cxxvi.

CXXVIII. ESQUIRES OF THE King's Body are here placed on the ground of ancient usage.

CXXIX. GENTLEMEN OF THE Privy CHAMBER, on the same ground as No. cxxviii.

CXXX. ESQUIRES OF THE KNIGHTS OF THE BATH, on the same ground as No. cxix.

CXXXI. ESQUIRES BY CREATION, on the same ground as No. cxix. For a statement of the mode in which esquires may be created, the reader is referred to the article Esquire in a later portion of the volume.

CXXXII. ESQUIRES BY Office, on the same ground as No. cxix.

CXXXIII. YOUNGER Sons of KNIGHTS OF THE GABTER, on the same ground as No. cxix.

CXXXIV. YOUNGER Sons of Knights BANNERET, on the same ground as No. cxix.

CXXXV. YOUNGER Sons Of Knights GRAND Cross Of The Bath are placed on the same ground as their elder brethren hold their places.

MANDER OP

CXXXVI. Younger Sons Of Knights Grand Cross of St. MichaEL AND ST. GEORGE, on the same ground as the eldest sons of these knights hold their precedence. CXXXVII. YOUNGER Sons of Knights Com.

THE Bath, on the same ground as CXIX.

CXXXVIII. YOUNGER Sons of Knights Com. MANDER OF St. MICHAEL AND St. George, on the same ground as their elder brothers.

CXXXIX. Younger Sons of Knights BACHELOR, on the same ground as No. cxxv.

CXL. GENTLEMEN ENTITLED TO BEAR ARMS.

CXLI. DoctoRS OF Divinity, on the ground of ancient usage.

CXLII. DOCTORS OF Laws, on the same ground as No. cxli.

CXLIII. Doctors Of Medicine, on the same ground as No. cxli.

CXLIV. BACHELORS or DivinITY.—The degree of a bachelor in any of the faculties of law, physic, or divinity, is rarely obtained otherwise than as preparatory to the superior degree of doctor; and in divinity it generally happens that those who take a bachelor's degree are also in priest's orders; they have, therefore, the prefix of reverend: but if that were not the case, they in common with all bachelors of faculties would be entitled to the affix of esquire; this place, therefore, amongst esquires is assigned them on the ground of analogy and ancient usage.

CXLV. BACHELORS OF Laws, on the ground of ancient usage.

CXLVI. BACHELORS OF MEDICINE, on the same ground as No. cxlv.

CXLVII. CLERGYMEN are placed above all other professional persons, not only by the universal consent of society, but by the distinct recognition on all occasions and by all authorities, that the precedence of the “ faculties" is as follows: 1st, Divinity; 2nd, Law; 3rd, Medicine. But there is another consideration which imparts to this profession a tem. poral dignity, to say nothing of its pre-eminence in a spiritual point of view, and that is, that a member of it takes rank next to the royal family, that four members of the clerical profession take precedence of all dukes, and that bishops are lords of parliament superior to barons. On these grounds it is held, that no man, merely in right of his profession, is entitled to precedence over a clergyman. Deans and archdeacons are usually doctors in divinity, but supposing them to be otherwise, the course of precedence would be as follows :-1st, Deans ; 2nd, Archdeacons ; 3rd, Rural Deans; 4th, Rectors; 5th, Vicars ; 6th, Curates, the members of each class amongst themselves according to priority of admission. If a curate, vicar, or rector, rural dean, or archdeacon, should, as sometimes happens, have taken the degree of D.D., or of LL.D., or of D.C.L., he of course takes rank accordingly.

CXLVIII. SERGEANTS AT LAW, by ancient usage. CXLIX. Queen's Counsel are placed above all other barristers in right of their patents.

CL. BARRISTERS are esquires by ancient usage ; but according to the rule of precedence in the profession, they are merely regarded as holding a

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