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.L.

...LXII.

Peers'

Marquises of England

.xxxiv. of Great Britain

.XXXVI. of Ireland....

XXXVII. of Scotland

.XXXV. of the United Kingdom ...... .XXXVIII. eldest sons .....

younger sons Marshal, Earl

.XX. XXXI. and XLII. Master of the Horse

LXXXIII. Meath, Bishop of

LXVII. Military and Naval Officers

...CLI. younger sons' eldest sons

..CXVII. Prince Consort

.......II. Privy Chamber, Gentlemen of the

.CXXIX. Councillors

XC. Seal, Lord

XVII. President of the Council

..XVI. Queen's Counsel

CXLIX. Rolls, Master of the

...XCV. St. Michael and St. George, Knights Grand Cross ....CXI.

eldest sons .........

CXXIII.

. younger sons CXXXVI. Knights Commander .. CXIII. eldest sons

CXXV. younger sons ....CXXXVII.

Companions and
Cavalieri

.CXVI. St. Patrick, Knights of

...CIX. Secretary of State.

.LXXIII. and LXXXV. Sergeants at Law

CXLVIII. Sovereign

..I. Brothers of the

.VI. Grandsons of the

V. Nephews of the

VII.

....

...

....VIII.

Sovereign, Sons of the ....

..IV.

. - Uncles of the Speaker of the House of Commons

... LXXIX. Steward of the Household, XXII. XXXII. XLIII. LIV.

and LXXI. Thistle, Knights of the

.CVIII. eldest sons .....

.CXXI. Treasurer, Lord High......

XV. of the Household

.LXXXI. Vice-Chancellors.....

....XCIX. of England

..XCVI. Viscounts of England.......

..LVI. of Great Britain

..LVIII. of Ireland

....LIX. Viscounts of Scotland

..LVII. of the United Kingdom

......LX. eldest sons

.LXXXVI. younger sons

..CIV. Wales, Prince of .....

....III. Winchester, Bishop of ...

.LXV. York, Archbishop of

.XII.

...c

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PART II.

HEREDITARY DIGNITIES.

THE THRONE, THE PEERAGE.

THE BARONETAGE, &c.

[graphic]

SECTION I.

THE THRONE.

SUCCESSION TO THE THRONE.

* And, countrymen, my loving followers,
Plead my successive title with your swords ;
I am his first-born son, that was the last
That ware the imperial diadem of Rome ;
Then let my father's honours live in me.”

Titus Andronicus, act i. sc. 1. The main foundation upon which the right of succession to the throne in these realms appears to rest is, that the Crown by custom and common law is bereditary, with some peculiarities of descent; but that the right of inheritance may be modified by act of parliament, under which modifications the Crown still continues hereditary.

The succession to freehold estates very nearly corresponds with the course in which the Crown is inhenited: thus there is a preference of males to females, and a right of primogeniture among the males; on failure of the male issue, too, the throne is filled by the issue female. But amongst the peculiarities of this inheritance, is one respecting the title of the female lines. On failure of the male line in ordinary inheritances, the title becomes vested in all the daughters at once; but with the Crown, the right of

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