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PUBLICATIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER

HISTORICAL SERIES

No. XXVIII

THE MAKING OF BRITISH INDIA

Published by the University of Manchester at THE UNIVERSITY PRESS (H. M. McKECHNIE, Secretary)

12, LIME GROVE, OXFORD ROAD, MANCHESTER

LONGMANS, GREEN & CO.

LONDON: 39, Paternoster Row
NEW YORK : 443-449 Fourth Avenue and Thirtieth Street

BOMBAY: 8, Hornby Road
CALCUTTA : 303, Bowbazar Street

MADRAS : 167, Mount Road

THE

MAKING OF BRITISH INDIA

1756-1858

DESCRIBED IN A SERIES OF DISPATCHES, TREATIES,
STATUTES, AND OTHER DOCUMENTS, SELECTED AND

EDITED WITH INTRODUCTIONS AND NOTES

BY

RAMSAY MUIR

PROFESSOR OF MODERN HISTORY IN THE UNIVERSITY

MANCHESTER:
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS

12 LIME GROVE, OXFORD ROAD

LONGMANS, GREEN & CO.

London, New York, Bombay, etc.

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No part of the achievement of the British race is more deserving of study than the process by which, in the course of a single century, the Indian Empire was established, and its system of government developed. Yet this story is curiously little studied, either in Britain or in India. Indian social usages, and even Indian names, are bewildering to the Englishman; while it is natural that the Indian student should find a difficulty in understanding and in justly appreciating the motives by which British statesmen in India have been actuated.

The only way in which these difficulties can be satisfactorily overcome is that the student should be enabled to realise how Indian conditions and the problems of Indian government appeared at each stage to the men who had to deal with them : thus alone can a fair judgment on the character and value of their work be attained. There is no lack of material for such a judgment. The greatest difficulty, indeed, is presented, not by any deficiency, but by the extraordinary voluminousness, of the available material. Having to report upon and explain all their actions to the Directors at home, and often to defend their policy against attacks, all the Anglo-Indian statesmen from Clive downwards have left behind them immense masses

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