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*FA B Faber, John, a German catholic divine doctor in theology, and took an active part in and controversial writer in the 16th century, the disputes of the Catholics with the Lutherwas born at Hailbron, on the Necker, about ans, and Sacramentarians, as those were called the year 1500. We learn no farther particulars who adopted the doctrine of Carolostadt and concerning the circumstances of his life, than Zuingle respecting the eucharist. The abithat he became a member of the dominican lities which he displayed, and his ardent zeal order' at Wimpfen ; was created a doctor in for the catholic faith, induced the bishop of theology at Cologne ; and afterwards resided at Constance to appoint him his official in the year Augsburg, where he acquired high reputation 1518, and in the following year his vicar-gein his communion by his pulpit services, and neral. In the latter character he attended an various theological publications, particularly assembly appointed by the senate to be held at some polemical treatises against the Protestants. Zurich, in the year 1523, to enquire into the Of the time of his death we have no certain truth of the opinions which were at that time information. His works were : “ Libellus quod propagating by Zuingle and his fellow-reformFides esse possit sine charitate," 1548, 4to.; ers in that canton. Several topics in dispute “ Enchiridion Bibliorum,” 1549, 4t0.; “ Fruc- between the Catholics and their opponents were tus quibus dignoscuntur Hæretici," esteemed discussed at this assembly, which Faber warmly curious and interesting by the Catholics, on ac- contended ought to be tried by an appeal to count of the stories which it details concerning tradition, the authority of the church, and the Luther; “ Testimonium Scripturæ & patrum canons of the councils, while his adversaries B. Petrum Apost. Romæ fuisse,” 1553, 4to. ; would admit of no other test of truth but the “ A Treatise on the Mass, and the real Presence Scriptures. It was at this assembly that Faber of Jesus Christ in the Sacrament of the Eucha- is reported incautiously to have exclaimed, when rist,” &c. 1555, 4to.; a German“ Illustration of hard pressed by his opponents' continued appeal the Prophecy of Joel,” 1557 ; a collection of to the Gospel, “ that the world might very “ Christian Prayers,” compiled from the Scrip- well live in peace without the Gospel.” The tures and the works of St. Augustin, &c. result of the meeting was an edict issued by the Moreri.-M.
senate, favourable to the opinions of the reforniFABER, JOHN, a German catholic divine, ers, against which Faber entered his unavailsurnamed after the title of one of his most ce- ing protest. In the year 1526, the Swiss canlebrated controversial works, Malleus Hæreti- tons, with the exception of Zurich, appointed corum, or the Mallet of Heretics, was born at an assembly to be held at Baden, at which the Leutkirchen, a town in Suabia, towards the most learned catholic divines were invited to latter end of the 15th century.' After distin- attend, and a safe conduct was offered to Zuinguishing himself by the progress which he 'gle, and as many of the reformers as chose to made in academic studies, at different German accept of it, in order to enter on a public disuniversities, he was admitted to the degree of putation concerning the questions iu debate be