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On Appointing Commissioners to San Domingo.

In Senate. 1870, December 21—This resolution passed

the Senate: Joint Resolution authorizing the appointment of commissioners in relation to the Republic of Dominica. Resolved, &c, That the President of the United States be authorized to appoint three commissioners, and also asecretary, the latter to be versed in the English and Spanish languagess to proceed to the island of San Domingo and to inquire into, ascertain, and report the political state and condition of the republic of Dominica, the desire and disposition of the people of the said republic to become annexed to, and to form part of, the people of the United States; the physical, mental, and moral condition of the said people, and their general condition as to material wealth and industrial capacity; the resources of the country; its mineral and agricultural products; the products of its waters and forests; the general character of the soil; the extent and proportion thereof capable of cultivation; the climate and health of the country; its bays, harbors, and rivers; its general meteorological character, and the existence and frequency of remarkable meteorological phenomena; the debt of the Government and its obligations, whether funded and ascertained and admitted, or unadjusted and under discussion; treaties or engagements with other Powers; extent of boundaries and territory—what proportion is covered by grants or concessions, and generally what concessions or franchises have been granted; the terms and conditions on which the Dominican Government may desire to be annexed to and become part of the United States as one of the Territories thereof; such other information with respect to the said Government, or its territories, as to the said commissioners shall seem desirable or important with reference to the future incorporation of the said Dominican republic into the United States as one of iti3 Territories.

Sec. 2. That the said commissioners shall, as soon as conveniently may be, report to the President of the United States, who shall lay their report before Congress.

Sec. 3. That the said commissioners shall serve without compensation except the payment of expenses, and the compensation of the secretary shall be determined by the Secretary of State, with the approval of the President. Yeas 32, nays 9:

Yeas—Messrs. Abbott, Ames, Brownlow, Car

penter, Chandler, Cole, Conkling, Corbett, Cragin, Edmunds, Flanagan, Hamilton of Texas, Hamlin, Harlan, Howe, Howell,Morton, Nye, Osborn, Pomeroy, Pool, Ramsey, Revels, Ross, Sawyer, Scott, Sherman, Stewart, Thayer, Warner, Willey, Williams—32.

Nays—Messrs. Casserly, McCreery, Morrill of Vermont, Patterson, Schurz, Stockton, Sumner, Thurman, Tipton—9.

In House.

1871, January 10—Mr. Ambler submitted the following addition:

"Provided, That nothing in these resolutions contained shall be held, understood, or construed as committing Congress to the policy of annexing the territory of said republic of Dominica."

Which was agreed to—yeas 108, nays 76:

Yeas—Messrs. Adams, Ambler, Archer, Asper, Axtell, Barnum, Beaman, Beatty, Beck, Biggs, Bird, Booker, Boyd, G. M. Brooks, J. Brooks, Burchard, Burr, Calkin, Coburn, Conger, Conner, Cook, Cox, Crebs, Dawes, Dickey, Dickinson, Box, Duke, Ela, Eldredge, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Fox, Garfield, Getz, Gibson, Grisivold, Haight, Haldeman, Hale, Hamill, Hawkins, Hawley, Hay, Hoar, Holman, Hooper, Johnson, Judd, Julian, Kelsey, Kerr, Lexois, Manning, Marshall, Mayham,McCormick, McCrary, Morgan, Morrell, Morrisseyt Mungen, Niblack, Palmer, Peters, Pomeroy, Potter, Randall, Reeves, Rice, Rogers, Sargent, Schumaker, Shanks, L. A. Sheldon, Sherrod, Shober, Slocum, J. A. Smith, J. S. Smith, Starkweather, A. F. Stevens, Stone, Strong, Swann, Sweeney, Tanner, Tillman, W. Townsend, Trimble, Tyner, Upson, Van Auken, Van Trump, Voorhees, Washburn, Welker, Wells, Wheeler, Willard, Williams, E. M. Wilson, J. T. Wilson, Winchester, Wolf, Wood—108.

Nays—Messrs. Armstrong, Arnell, Atwood, Ayer, Bailey, Banks,Barry, Benjamin, Bennett, Bingham, Bowen, Buck, Buffinton, Burdett, B. F. Butler, R. R. Butler, Churchill, W. T. Clark, A. Cobb, C. L. Cobb, Degener, Donley, Duval, Fisher, Fitch, Gilfillan, Hamilton, Harris, Heflin, Hoge, Jenckes, A. H. Jones, Kelley,Kellogg, Ketcham, Knapp, Lanin, Lawrence, Loughridge, Maynard, McCarthy, McGrew, McKee, McKenzie, Mercur, J. H. Moore, W. Moore, Morphis, Myers, Negley, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, H. E. Paine, Peck, Perce, Pl&tt, Poland, Porter, Prosser, Rainey, Sawyer, ScoSeld, P. Sheldon, W. J. Smith, Stevenson, Stores, Stoughton, Tayior, Twichell, Van Horn, Van Wyck, Wallace, Whitmore, Winans, Witch*"-—76.

The resolution then passed—yeas 122, nays 63. The negative vote was exclusively Democratic, except Messrs. Beatty, Boyd, Finkelnburg, Hoar, Peters, and Willard. The affirmative vote was exclusively Republican.

In Senate.

1871, January 11 — Various amendments were proposed and rejected, when the House amendment was agreed to—yeas 57, nays none. [For President Grant's Message transmitting

the report of the commissioners appointed

under this act, see chapter V.]

Modification of the Test-Oath.

In Senate.

1870, April 22—The following bill "without a division: A Bill prescribing an oath of office to be taken by persons who participated in the late rebellion but who were not disqualified from holding office by the fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Beit enacted, &c, That when any person, who is not rendered ineligible to office by the provisions of the fourteenth amendment to the Constitution, shall be elected or appointed to any office of honor or trust under the Government of the United States, and shall not be able on account of his participation in the late rebellion to take the oath prescribed in the act of Congress approved July 2, 1862, said person shall, in lieu of said oath, before entering upon the duties of said office, take and subscribe the oath prescribed in an act of Congress entitled "An act prescribing an oath of office to be taken by persons from whom legal disabilities shall have been removed," approved July 11, 1868.

In House.

1871, February 1—The bill passed—yeas 118, nays 90:

Yeas—Messrs. Adams, Archer,Asper, Axtell, Ayer, Bailey,Banks, Barnum, Beck, Bethune, Biggs, Bingham, Bird, A. Blair, Booker, Buck, Buckley, Burchard, Burr, Calkin, Churchill, S. Clarke, Cleveland, Conner, Cook, Cox, Grebs, Darrall, Degener. Dickinson, J. Dixon, Dockery, Box, Duke, Dyer, Eldredge, Famsworth, Einkelnburg, Garfield^ Getz, Gibson, Griswold, Haight, Haldeman, Hale, Hambleton, Hamill, Harris, Hay, Heflin, Hill, Holman, Hotchkiss, Jenckes, Johnson, T. L. Jones, Judd, Kellogg, Kerr, Ketcham, Laflin, Lewis, Lynch, Manning, Marshall, Mayham, McCormick, McKee, McKenzie, McNeely, Morey, Morgan, Morphis. Niblack, H. B. Paine, W. W. Paine, Perce, Peters, Piatt, Poland, Potter, Price, Randall, Beeves, Rice, Sanford, Sargent, Sheldon, Sherrod, Shober, Slocum, John A. Smith, Joseph S. Smith, Stiles, Stone, Strader, Strickland, Strong, Swann, Sweeney, Sypher, Taylor, Tillman, IHmble, Upson, Van Auken, Van Trump, Voorhees, Wallace, Washburn, Wells, E. M. Wilson, Winans, Winchester, Witcher, Wood, Woodward, Young—118.

Nays—Messrs. Allison, Ambler, Arnell, Atwood, Beaman, Beatty, Benjamin, Bennett, Benton, G. M. Brooks, Buffinton, Burdett, B. F. Butler, R. R.Butler, Cessna, W. T. Clark, A. Cobb, C. L. Cobb. Coburn, Conger, Cowles, Cullom, Dawes, Dickey. N. F. Dixon, Donley, Duval, Ela, Ferriss, Ferry, Fisher, GKlnllan, Hawley, Hoar, Hoge, Holmes, Julian, Kelley, Kelsey, Knapp, Lawrence, Logan, Long, Loughridge, Maynard, McCrary, MeGrew, Mercur, E. H. Moore, J. H. Moore. W. Moore, Morrell, Myers, Newsham, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, Packer, Palmer, Peck, Phelps, Pomeroy, Porter, Prosser, Rainey.Roots, Sawyer, Scofield, Shanks, W. J.Smith, Starkweather, Stevens, Stokes, S'toughton, Taffe, Tanner. W. Townsend, Twichell, Tyner, Van Horn, Van Wyck, Ward, W. B. Washburn, Welker, Wheeler, Wilkinson, Willard, Williams, J. T. Wilson, Wolf—90.

[For President Grant's Message on this bill, see chapter V.

to the tenure of civil offices, passed March 2, 1867, and April 5, 1869; which passed finally— yeas 159, nays 25:

Yeas—Messrs. Allison, Armstrong, Asper, Atwood, Axtell, Ayer, Bailey, Banks, Barry, Beaman, Beck, Bingham, Bird, A. Blair, Boles, Bowen, Boyd, G. M. Brooks, J. Brooks, Buckley, Buffington, Burchard, Burdett, Burr, B. F. Butler, R. R. Butler, Calkin, Churchill, W. T. Clark, S. Clarke, A. Cobb, C. L. Cobb, Cook, Conger, Cowles, Cox, Crebs, Cullom, Darrall, Dawes, Dickinson, J. Dixon, N. F. Dixon, Dockery, Donley, Dox, Duke, Duval, Eldredge, Ferry, Fisher, Fitch, Fox, Garfield, Getz, Gibson, Gilfillan, Haldeman, Hale, Hamill, Hamilton, Harris, Hawkins, Hay, Heflin, Hoar, Holmes, Hooper, Ingersoll, Johnson, A. H. Jones, T. L. Jones, Julian, Kelley, Kellogg, Kelsey, Ketcham, Knapp, Knott, Lawrence, Logan, Loughridge, Manning, Mayham, McCormick, McCrary, MeGrew, McKee,, McKenzie, McNeely, J. H. Moore, W. Moore, Morey, Morgan, Morphis, Morrell, Morrill, Morrissey, Mungen, L. Myers, Negley, Niblack, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, Packer, H. E. Paine, Palmer, Peck, Peters, Piatt, Pomeroy, Porter, Potter, Prosser, Reeves,J. M. Rice, Roots, Sargent, Sawyer, Scofield, L. A. Sheldon, P. Sheldon, Shober, Slocum, John A. Smith, Joseph S. Smith, W. J.Smith, Starkweather, Stevenson,Stiles, Stokes, Stone, Strickland, Strong, Swann, Sypher, Tanner, Taylor, W. Townsend, Trimble, Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Van Horn, Van Trump, Voorheesf Wallace,C.C.Washburn, W.B.Washburn, Welker

Wells, Williams, E. M. Wilson, J. T. Wilson, Winchester, Witcher, Wolf, Wood—159.

Nays—Messrs. Ambler, Arnell, Beatty, Benjamin, Benton, Coburn, Degener, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Finkelnburg, Hawley, Jenckes, Laflin, Lynch, Maynard, Mercer, E. H. Moore, Poland, Shanks, W. C. Smith, Stevens, Stoughton, Taffe, Tillman, Willard-25.

In Senate. 1871, February 18—The bill was indefinitely postponed, without a division.

[For other votes on this subject, see McPherson's History of Reconstruction, pages 173-178, 397s 413-415.]

Bill to Repeal the Tenure-of-Office Act.

In House. 1870, December 12—Mr. Benjamin F. ButLer introduced a bill to repeal the acts relating

Grant of Land to the Texas Pacific Railroad Company.

The following are the principal provisions of this bill, approved March 3, 1871:

The corporation is authorized and empowered to lay out, locate, construct, furnish, maintain, and enjoy a continuous railroad and telegraph line, with the appurtenances, from a point at or near Marshall, county of Harrison, State of Texas; thence by the most direct and eligible route, to be determined by said company, near the thirty-second parallel of north latitude, to a point at or near El Paso; thence by the most direct and eligible route, to be selected by said company, through New Mexico and Arizona, to a point on the Rio Colorado, at or near the southeastern boundary of the State of California; thence by the most direct and eligible route to San Diego, California, to ship's channel, in the bay of San Diego, in the State of California, pursuing in the location thereof, as near as may be, the thirty-second parallel of north latitude, and is vested with all the powers, privileges, and immunities necessary to carry into effect the purposes of this act.

It shall have power to purchase the stock, land grants, franchises, and appurtenances of, and consolidate on such terms as may be agreed upon between the parties, with any

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railroad company or companies heretofore chartered by congressional, State, or territorial authority, on the route prescribed in the first section of this act; but no such consolidation shall be with any competing through line of railroads to the Pacific ocean.

It shall have power to purchase lands, or to accept donations, or grant of lands, or other property, from States or individuals. The right of way through the public lands is granted to the said company for the construction of the said railroad and telegraph line, and the right is given to take, from the public lands adjacent to the line of said road, earth, stone, timber, and other materials for the construction thereof. Said right of way is granted to said company to the extent of two hundred feet in width on each side of said railroad where it may pass over the public lands; and there is also hereby granted to said company grounds for stations, buildings, workshops, wharves, switches, side-tracks, turn-tables, water-stations, and such other structures as may be necessary for said railroad, not exceeding forty acres of land at any one point.

For the purpose of aiding in the construction of the railroad and telegraph line herein provided for, there is granted to the said Texas Pacific Railroad Company, its successors and assigns, every alternate section of public land, not mineral, designated by odd numbers, to the amount of twenty alternate sections per mile, on each side of said railroad line, as such line may be adopted by said company, through the Territories of the United States, and ten alternate sections of land per mile on eachside of said railroad in California, where the same shall not have been sold, reserved, or otherwise disposed of by the United States, and to which a preemption or homestead claim may not have attached at the time the line of said road is definitely fixed. In case any of said lands shall have been sold, reserved, occupied, or preempted, or otherwise disposed of, other lands shall be selected in lieu thereof, by said company, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, in alternate sections, and designated by odd numbers, notmore than ten miles beyond the limits of said alternate sections first above named, and not including the reserved numbers. If, in the too near approach of the said railroad line to the boundary of Mexico, the number of sections of land to which the company is entitled cannot be selected immediately on the line of said railroad, or in lieu of mineral lands excluded from this grant, a like quantity of unoccupied and unappropriated agricultural lands, in oddnumbered sections nearest the line of said railroad may be selected as above provided; and the word "mineral," where it occurs in this act, sha.ll not be held to include iron or coal; provided, however, that no public lands are hereby granted within the State of California further than twenty miles on each side of said road, except to make up deficiencies as aforesaid, and then not to exceed twenty miles from the lands originally granted. The

term "ship's channel," as used in this bill, shall not be construed as conveying any greater right to said company to the waterfront of San Diego bay than it may acquire by gift, grant, purchase, or otherwise, except the right of way, as herein granted; and provided further, that all such lands so granted by this section to said company, which shall not be sold, or otherwise disposed of, as provided in this act, within three years after the completion of the entire road, shall be subject to settlement and preemption like other lands, at a price to be fixed by and paid to said company, not exceeding an average of $2 50 per acre for all the lands herein granted.

The New Orleans, Baton Rouge, and Vicksburg Railroad Company, chartered by the State of Louisiana, shall have the right to connect by the most eligible route to be selected by said company with the said Texas Pacific railroad at its eastern terminus, and shall have the right of way through the public land to the same extent granted hereby to the said Texo.s Pacific Railroad Company; and in aid of its construction from New Orleans to Baton Rouge, thence by the way of Alexandria, in said State, to connect with the said Texas Pacific Railroad Company at its eastern terminus, there is hereby granted to said company, its successors and assigns, the same number of alternate sections of public lands per mile, in the State of Louisiana, as are by this act granted in the State of California to said Texas Pacific Railroad Company; and said lands shall be withdrawn from market, selected, and patents issued therefor, and opened for settlement and preemption, upon the same terms and in the same manner and time as is provided for and required from said Texas Pacific Railroad Company within said State of California; provided that said company shall complete the whole of said road within five years from the passage of this act.

That, for the purpose of connecting the Texas Pacific railroad with the city of San Francisco, the Southern Pacific Railroad Company of California is hereby authorized (subject to the laws of California) to construct a line of railroad from a point at or near Tehachapa Pass, by way of Los Angeles, to the Texas Pacific railroad at or near the Colorado river, with the same rights, grants, and privileges, and subject to the same limitations, restrictions, and conditions as were granted to said Southern Pacific Railroad Company of California, by the act of July 27, 1866: JVovided, however, That this section shall in no way affect or impair the rights, present or prospective, of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Company, orany other railroad company.

In House.

1871, March 3—The bill passed the Houseyeas 125, nays 64:

Yeas—Messrs. Allison, Ames, Archer, Atwood, Axtell, Ayer, Banks, Beaman, Beck, Bennett, Bethune, A. Blair, Boles, Booker. Bowen, G. M. Brooks, Buck, Buckley, Burdett, B. F. Butler, R. R. Butler, Calkin, Cessna, Churchhill, W. T. Clark, C. L. Cobb, Conger, Conner, Corker, Cowles, Darrail, J. Dixon,N. F. Dixon,Dockery, Dox, Duke, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Fisher, Fitch, Gilfillan, Griswold, Hambleton, Hamill, Hamilton, Harris, Haw•kins, Hays, Heflin, Hoar, Hoge, Holmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Ingersoll, Jenckes, J. A. Johnson, A. H. Jones, T. L. Jones, Judd, Kelley, Kelsey, Ketcham, Knapp,Luilin, Lash, Logan, Long, Lynch, Manning, May ham, Maynard, McCarthy, McGrew, McKee, McKenzie, J. H. Moore, Morey, Morphis, Mor«, rell, Morrissey, Mungen, L. Myers, Negley, O'Neill, H. E. Paine, W. W. Paine, Palmer, Perce, Piatt, Poland, Pomeroy, Porter, W. P. Price, Prosser, Rainey. Roots, Sargent, Sawyer, Schumaker, Shanks, L. A. Sheldon, Sherrod, Shober, J. S.Smith, W. J. Smith, W. C. Smith, Stokes, Stoughton, Strader, Strickland, Swann, Sypher, Tillman, W. Townsencl, Trimble, Twichell, Van Auken, Wallace, Wheeler, Whiteley, Whitmore, Williams, E. M. Wilson, Young—125.

Nays—Messrs. Ambler. -Asper, Beatty, Biggs, Bingham, Bird, J. Brooks, Buffinton, Burchard, S. Clarke, A. Cobb, Coburn, Cook, Crebs, Donley, Ela, Finkelnburg, Garfield, Haight, Haldeman, Hale, Hawley, Hay, Hill, Holman, Julian, Lawrence, Lewis, Marshall, McCrary, McNeely, Mercur, E. H. Moore, W. Moore, Morgan, Morrill, Niblack, Orth, Packer, Peck, Peters, Phelps, Potter, Randall, Beeves, Bice, ScofieldT, J. A. Smith, Starkweather, Stevenson, Stiles, Strong, Tanner. Taylor, Upson, Van Trump, Van Wyck. Ward, W. B. Washburn, Welker, Willard, J. T. Wilson, Wolf, Wood—64.

In Senate.

1871, March 3—A motion to lay the bill on the table was disagreed to—yeas 22, nays 33:

Yeas—Messrs. Anthony, Buckingham, Casserly, Corbett, Cragin, Davis, Hamilton of Maryland, Harlan, McDonald,MorrillofVermont, Patterson, Pool, Pratt, Ramsey, Rice, Schurz, Sherman, Sprague, Stockton, Trumbull, Vickers, Willey—22.

Nays—Messrs. Abbott. Ames, Blair, Boreman, Brownlow, Oattell, Chandler, Conkling, Edmunds, Fenton, Flanagan, Hamlin, Harris, Hill, Howard, Howell, Kellogg, Lewis, McCreery, Nye, Osborn, Pomeroy, Robertson, Sawyer, Scott. Spencer, Stewart, Sumner, Thayer, Tipton, Warner, Wilson, Yates—33.

After further debate, another motion to lay it on the table was lost—yeas 13, nays 40:

Yeas—Messrs. Cragin, Edmunds, Gilbert, Harlan, Howell, McDonald, Pool, Ramsey, Rice, Schurz, Scott, Sprague, Tipton—13.

Nays—Messrs. Abbott, Ames, Bayard, Blair, Boreman, Buckingham, Cameron, Chandler, Conkling, Corbett, Davis, Fenton, Flanagan, Fowler, Hamilton of Maryland, Harris, Hill, Howard, Johnston, Kellogg, Lewis, McCreery, Miller, Nye, Osborn, Pomeroy, Revels, Robertston, Ross, Sawyer, Sherman, Spencer, Stearns, Stewart, Stockton, Trumbull, Warner, Williams, Wilson, Yates—40.

The bill then passed without a division.

Right of Secession, and Amnesty.

In House.

1870, December 19—Mr. Thomas L. Jones moved a suspension of the rules that he might offer and the House adopt the following resolution:

Whereas the Government of the United States was established as a confederacy of coequal States, delegating certain powers to a Federal head or common agent, and reserving all others "to the States respectively or to the people;" and whereas the question of secession was from the beginning a debatable one, held by some to be a sovereign right reserved, and denied by others; and whereas the right of revolution is admitted by all and was

affirmed in the Declaration of Independence, the great forerunner of the Federal Constitution; and whereas in the course of time, the question of secession being still undecided by any tribunal of the Federal Government, certain States did secede and set up a government of their own in accordance with honest convictions of their reserved rights, and a great civil war ensued in which said States and government were subdued and overthrown, the great experiment having been made and settled by arms; and whereas the leaders and soldiers in said war for secession or revolution and the people of said States have for nearly six years after peace conformed to all the requirements of the Government of the United States, and have been fully reconstructed under the laws and regulations of its Congress: Be it therefore,

Resolved, That it is the bounden duty of the Governmentand Congressof the UnitedStates, if they would revere the common brotherhood, trials, sufferings, and glorious achievements of a noble ancestry, and act in the liberal, magnanimous, and Christian spirit of an enlightened age, to grant free, unqualified, and perfect pardon and amnesty to all political offenders in said war, that the Government of the fath, ers, with all its privileges and blessings, may be restored for the benefit of the whole people, and that the original, "more perfect union" of the Constitution may be reestablished, exalted, and secured forever.

Which was disagreed to—yeas 14, nays 143, not voting 78:

YeasMessrs. Beck, Bird, Duke, Gibson, Gris- wold, Haldeman, Johnson, Jones, Knott, Beeves, Bice, Sherrod, Winchester, Woodward—14.

Nays—Messrs, Allison, Ambler, Arnell, Asper, Atwood, Ayer, Bailey, Banks, Barnum, Barry, Beaman, Beatty, Benjamin, Bennett, Benton, Bingham, A. Blair, Boles, Booker, G. M. Brooks, Buckley, Buffinton, Burchard, Burdett, B. F. Butler, Cessna, Churchill, S. Clarke, A. Cobb, C. L. Cobb, Coburn, Cook, Conger, Cowles, Cox, Crebs, Cullom, Dawes, Degener, Dickey, J. Dixon, N. F. Dixon, Dockery, Duval, Ela, Farnsworth, Ferries, Ferry, Finkelnburg, Eisher, Fitch, Gilfillan, Hale, Harris, Haw-'kins, Hawley, Hay, Hill, Hoge, Holman, Holmes, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Jones, Judd, Kelley, Kellogg, Kelsey, Ketcham, Knapp, Laflin, Lawrence, Loughridge, Maynard, McCrary, McGrew, McKee, McKenzie, Mercur, Milnes, E. H. Moore, J. H Moore, W. Moore, Morey, Morphis, Morrell, Morrissey, Mungen, L. Myers, Negley, O'Neill, Orth,Packard, Packer, Paine, Palmer.Peck, Perce, Peters, Phelps, Poland, Pomeroy, Porter, Prosser, Roots, Sargent, Sawyer, Schumaker, Scofield, Shanks. L. A. Sheldon, P. Sheldon, Slocum, J. A.Smith, W. J.Smith, W. C.Smith, Starkweather, A. F. Stevens, Stevenson, Stokes, Stoughton, Strong, Taffe, Taylor, Tillman, W. Townsend, Twichell, Tyner, Upson, Wallace, C. C. Washburn, W. B. Washburn, Welker, Whitmore, Wilkinson, Willard, Williams, J.T.Wilson, Winans, Witcher,Wolf—143.

Not Voting—Messrs. Adams, Ames, Archer, Armstrong, Axtell, Biggs, Bowen, Boyd, J. Brooks, Buck, Burr, R. R. Butler. Cake, Calkin, W. T. Clark, Cleveland, Conner, Covode, Darrail, Dickinson, Donley, Dox, Dyer, Eldredge, Fox, Garfield, Getz, Haight, Hambleton, Hamill, Hamilton, Hays, Heflin, Hoar, Julian, Kerr, Lash, Lewis, Logan, Lynch, Manning, Marshall, Mayham, McCarthy, McCormick, McNeely, Morgan, Morrill, Newsham, Niblack, Piatt, Potter, Rainey, Randall, Rogers, Sanford, Schenck, Shober, J. S. Smith, Stiles, Stone, Strader, Strickland, Swann, Sweeney, Sypher, Tanner, Trimble, Van Auken, Van Horn. Van Trump, Van Wyck, Voorhees, Ward, Wells, Wheeler, E. M. Wil, aon, Wood—78.

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Tariff and Taxation.

In House. 1870, December 12—Mr. Kellbt moved a suspension of the rules that he might offer, and the House adopt this resolution:

Resolved, Thatthe true principle of revenue reform points to the abolition of the internal revenue system which was created as a war measure to provide for extraordinary expenses, and a continuance of which involves the employment, at the cost of millions of dollars annually, of an army of assessors, collectors, supervisors, detectives, and other officers previously unknown; and requires the repeal, at the earliest day consistent with the maintenance of the faith and credit of the Government, of all stamp and other internal taxes; and that properly adjusted rates shall be retained on distilled spirits, tobacco, and malt liquors so long as the legitimate expenses of the Government require the collection of any sum from internal taxes.

Which was agreed to—yeas 168, nays 6:

Yeas—Messrs. vAllison, Ambler, Armstrong, Arnelli Atwood, Axtell, Barry, Beaman, Beatty, Beck, Benton, Bingham, Bird, A. Blair, Boles, Booker, Bowen, Boyd, (x. M. Brooks, J. Brooks, Buckley,. Buffinton, Burchard, Burdett, Burr, B. K. Butler, Calkin, Churchill, W. T. Clark, S. Clarke, A. Cobb, C. L. Cobb, Coburn, Cook, Conger, Cowles, Orebs, Cullom, Darrall, Dickinson, N. F. Dixon, Donley, Box, Duke, Duval, Eldredge, Farnsworth, Ferriss, Ferry, Fisher, Fitch, Fox, Garfield, Getz, Gibson, Gillfillan, Griswold, Hamill, Hawkins, Hawley, Hay, Heflin, Holmes, Ingersoll, Jenckes, Johnson, A. H. Jones, T. L. Jones, Julian, Kelley, Kellogg, Eelsey, Ketcham, Knapp, Knott, Laflin, Logan, Lynch, Manning, Mayliam, Maynard, McGormick, McCrary, McGrew, McKee, McKenzie, McNeely, Mercur, E. H. Moore, J. H. Moore, W, Moore, Morey, Morgan, Morphis, Morrell, Morrill, Morrissey, Mungen, L. Myers, Negley, Niblack, O'Neill, Orth, Packard, Packer, Paine, Palmer, Peck, Perce, Peters, Phelps, Piatt, Poland, Pomeroy, Porter, Prosser, Rainey, Beeves, J, M. Bice, Sanford, Sargent, Sawyer, Schenck, Schumaker, Scofield, Shanks, L. A. Sheldon, P. Sheldon, Sherrod, Slwber, Slocum, J. A. Smith, W.C. Smith, Starkweather, A. F. Stevens, Stevenson, Stiles, Stokes, Stone, Stoughton, Strader, Strickland,Strong, ^ann, bypher, Taffe, Tanner, Taylor, Tillman, W. Townsend, Trimble, Tyner, Upson. Van Horn, Van Trump, Voorhees, Wallace, C. C. Washburn, Welker, Wells, Wilkinson, Willard, Williams, J. T. Wilson, Witcher, Wolf, Wood, Woodward—168. Nays—Messrs. Asper, Ayer, Benjamin, Cox. Finkelnburg, W. J. Smith—6.

First Session Forty-First Congress.

The following resolution was inadvertently omitted from my Hand Book of Politics for 1870:

1869, March 29—Mr. Morgan submitted the following resolution, namely:

Resolved, That as a means of relief to the people and in some degree to equalize taxation, the Committee of Ways and Means be, and said committee is hereby, instructed to report a bill, first, to exempt salt, tea, coffee, sugar, matches, and tobacco from every species of taxation for Federal purposes; second, to impose a tax of two and a half per cent, in gold on all bonds heretofore issued, or which may hereafter be issued, by the Government of the United States.

Mr. Hooper moved that it be laid on the table; which was agreed to—yeas 104, nays 40. The affirmative was exclusively Repub

lican; the negative exclusively Democratic, except Mr. Deweese.

The Arlington Estate.

In Senate. 1870, December 13—Mr. Mccreery, agreeably to notice, asked leave to bring in this resolution:

Resolved, &c, That a joint committee of five, two from the Senate and three from the House, be appointed, whose duty it shall be to inquire and report what real estate, if any, belonged to the late General Robert E. Lee at the time he entered the confederate service; by what right or title he held the farm and lands known as Arlington Heights, and whether he had any right, title, or claim thereto which rendered Arlington liable to confiscation or forfeiture by reason of his participation in the rebellion. That the committee ascertain and report whether that estate was or was not the property of Mrs. Lee, formerly Miss Custis, and inherited by her from her ancestors, and whether the title was or was not vested by law in herself and her children; and if so, had General Lee any rights subject to forfeiture. If the property was sold for taxes the committee shall report the amount of taxes assessed upon it, the value of the property sold, who paid and who received the money; whether a less quantity than the whole was not sufficient to meet the demands of Government, and whether the sale as made was legal and constitutional. That the committee report what expenditure it would require to put the house and farm in good repair, in order that it may be restored to the owner or owners in as good condition as it was when the United States Government took possession; also, what would be a reasonable and fair compensation in the way of rent since the occupation by the Government, as well as for the waste that has been committed on the premises by felling the trees, destroying the orchards, or otherwise impairing the value of the property. And if grave-yards^have been established on the land, then the committee shall ascertain and report the number of interments, on what terms a suitable spot for a cemetery can be purchased in the neighborhood, and the probable cost of removing the bodies to the new place of sepulture. And if improvements have been made upon the land since its occupation by the Government or its agents, the committee shall report upon their character and value, and whether they were necessary and proper, and if of no real value to the owner and only an incumbrance upon her estate, then they shall report the estimated or probable cost of their removal. If the Government hold and occupy any real estate, the title whereof was vested by law in General Robert E. Lee at the time he entered the confederate service, the committee shall report the same. The committee shall also ascertain and report the amount and value of the personal property taken by the Government or its agents from General Lee, or from his family,

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