The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950

Գրքի շապիկի երեսը
OUP Oxford, 01 մրտ, 2012 թ. - 336 էջ
The eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire used to be a multi-ethnic region where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks, and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation state violently altered this situation. Nationalist elites intervened in heterogeneous populations they identified as objects of knowledge, management, and change. These often violent processes of state formation destroyed historical regions and emptied multicultural cities, clearing the way for modern nation states. The Making of Modern Turkey highlights how the Young Turk regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected Eastern Turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically homogenizing the region and incorporating it in the Turkish nation state. It examines how the regime utilized technologies of social engineering, such as physical destruction, deportation, spatial planning, forced assimilation, and memory politics, to increase ethnic and cultural homogeneity within the nation state. Drawing on secret files and unexamined records, Ugur Ümit Üngör demonstrates that concerns of state security, ethnocultural identity, and national purity were behind these policies. The eastern provinces, the heartland of Armenian and Kurdish life, became an epicenter of Young Turk population policies and the theatre of unprecedented levels of mass violence.
 

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Բովանդակություն

Introduction
1
1 Nationalism and Population Politics in the Late Ottoman Empire
8
2 Genocide of Christians 191516
55
3 Deportations of Kurds 191634
107
4 Culture and Education in the Eastern Provinces
170
The Politics of Memory
218
Conclusion
251
Bibliography
265
Index
297
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Հեղինակի մասին (2012)

Ugur Ümit Üngör studied Sociology and History and defended his Ph.D. in 2009 (summa cum laude). He worked at the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. His main area of interest is the historical sociology of mass violence and nationalism.

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