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fufpicion, and ill blood, which the news had come away, several were already so prevalent ; but was thousands of those 'people immedifoon succeeded by another, that stillately assembled in arms, and marchexcited a greater alarm. The sea. ed, with great expedition, a confison of the year was now arrived for derable distance, to the relief, as the annual muster of the militia; they supposed, of their suffering and the general, having probably neighbours, before they were confome suspicion of their conduct vinced of the millake. when assembled, or, as they pre- About this time, the governor's tended, being urged thereunto by company of cadets, confifting wholly those fecret advisers and tale- of gentlemen of Boston, and of bearers, to whose insidious arts, such, in general, as had always and falle information, for a long been well affected to government, time past, as well as the present, disbanded themselves, and returned the Americans attributed all their to the general the standard, with own calamities, and the troubles which, according to custom, he had that had arisen between both coun. presented them upon his arrival. tries; however it was, he seized This night to the governor, and upon the ammunition and stores, apparent disrelish to the new gowhich were lodged in the provin- vernment, proceeded immediately cial arsenal at Cambridge, and had from his having taken away Mr. them brought to Boston. He also, Hancock's commission, "who was at the same time, seized upon the the colonel of that corps. A Copowder which was lodged in the lonel Murray of the militia, having magazines at Charles-Town, and accepted a feat in the new council, some other places, being partly 24 officers of his regiment resigned private property, and partly pro- their commilions in one day; fo vincial.
general was the spirit which was This excited the most violent and now gone forth. universal ferment that had yet been The late measure of seizing the known. The people assembled to powder, as well as the fortifications the amount of several thousands, which were erecting on Bostonand it was with the greatest diffi- neck, occafioned the holding of an culty, that some of the more niode- assembly of delegates, from all the rate and leading gentlemen of the towns of the county of Suffolk, of country, were able to restrain them which Boston is the county town from marching directly to Boston, and capital. In this assembly a there to demand a delivery of the great number of resolutions were powder and stores, and in case of passed, some of which militated refusal to attack the troops. A more strongly with the authority of false report having been intention the new legislature, than any that ally spread about the same time, had yet appeared. They are, howand extended to Connecticut, in ever, introduced by a declaration of order, probably, to try the temper allegiance; but they also declare it of that province, that the ships and to be their duty, by all lawful troops had attacked the town of means to defend their civil and reHoitoo, and were then firing upon ligious rights and liberties ; that it, when the pretended bearers of the late acts are gross infractions of those rights; and that no obedience former were restored to their friends is due from that province, to either, and families. or any part of those acts; but that Then followed a recommendthey ought to be rejected as the ation, which in the present state of wicked attempts of an abandoned things amounted to a peremptory adminiftration to establish a despo- command, to the collectors of the tic government. They engaged taxes, and all other receivers and that the county should support and holders of the public money, not to bear harmless all theriffs, jurors, pay it as usual to the treasurer ; but and other persons who should suffer to detain it in their hands, until the prosecution for not acting under civil government of the province the present unconstitutional judges, was placed on a conftitutional founor carrying into execution any or- dation; or until it should be otherders of their courts; and resolved, wife ordered by the Provincial Conthat those who had accepted seats gress. They, however, declare, at the council-board, had violated that notwithstanding the many inthe duty they owed to their coun- sults and oppressions which they try, and that if they did not vacate most sensibly feel and resent, they them within a short limited time, are determined to act merely on the they fould be considered as obšti- defensive, so long as such conduct nate and incorrigible enemies to may be vindicated by reason, and their country.
the principles of self-preservation. They also past resolutions against They conclude, by exhorting the the fortifications at Boston-neck; people to restrain their resentments, the Quebec bill; for the suspension to avoid all riots and disorderly of commerce ; for the encourage- proceedings; as being destructive ment of arts and manufactures ; of all good government; and by for the holding of a provincial a steady, manly, uniform, and percongress ; and to pay all due re- severing opposition, to íped and submiffion to the mea- their enemies, that, in a contest so sures which should be recommended important, in a cause fo solemn, by the Continental Congress. They their condu&t should be such as to merecommended to the people to per rit the approbation of the wife, and fect themselves in the art of war, the admiration of the brave and free, and for that purpose, that the mili- of every age, and of every country. tia should appear under arms once They then appointed every week. That, as it had been a committee to wait
a committee to wait Sept. gth. reported, that several gentlemen upon the governor, with a remonwbo had rendered themselves con- strance againft the fortifying of fpicuous by contending for the vio- Boston-neck ; in which they delated rights of their country, were clare, that though the loyal people to be apprehended ; in case fo au- of that country think themselves dacious a measure should be carried oppressed by some late Acts of the into execution, they recommend, British parliament, and are resolved, that all the officers of fo tyrannical by divine afhftance, never to submit a government should be seized, to them, they have no inclination aad kept in safe custody, until the to commence war with his majesty's
troops. They impute the present efficacy, made him think it expedient extraordinary ferment in the minds to countermand the writs by a proof the people, besides the new for- clamation, and to defer the holding tification, to the seizing of the of the assembly to a fitter season. powder, to the planting of cannon The legality of the proclamation on the Neck, and to the insults was however called in question, and and abuse offered to paffengers by the elections every where cock the soldiers, in which, they say, place without regard to it. The they have been encouraged by some new members accordingly met at of the officers ; and conclude, by Salem, pursuant to the precepts ; declaring, that nothing less than a but having waited a day, without removal or redress of those griev. the governor, or any substitute for ances, can place the inhabitants of him attending, to administer the the county in that situation of peace oaths, and' open a session, they and tranquillity, which every free voted themselves into a Provincial subject ought to enjoy. In this ad- Congress, to be joined by such dress they totally disclaim every others as had been, or should be wish and idea of independency, elected for that purpose ; after and attributed all the present trou- which Mr. Hancock, so obnoxicus bles to misinformation at home, to the Governor's party, was chosen and the finister designs of particu- chairman, and they adjourned to lar persons.
the town of Concord, about 20 To this address General Gage miles from Boston. answered, that he had no intention Among their earliest to prevent the free egress and regress proceedings, they ap
Oa. iith. of any person to and from the town pointed a committee to wait upon of Boston ; that he would suffer none the governor with a remonítrance, under his command to injure the in which they apologized for their person or property of any of his present meeting, by representing, majesty's subjects ; but that it was that the distressed and miserable his duty to preserve the peace, and state of the colony, had rendered . to prevent furprize; and that no it indispensably necessary to collect use would be made of the cannon, the wisdom of the province by unless their hoitile proceedings their delegates in that Congress; should render it necessary.
thereby to concert some adequate Before public affairs had arrived remedy to prevent impending ruin, at their present alarming state, the and to provide for the public governor, by the advice of the safety. They then express the new council, had illued writs for grievous apprehensions of the peothe holding of a general assembly, ple from the measures now pursuwhich was to meet in the beginning ing. They affert, that even the of October ; but the events that rigour of the Boston port bill is exafterwards took place, and the heat ceeded, by the manner in which it and violence which every where is carried into execution. They prevailed, together with the relig. complain of the late laws, calcunation of so great a number of the lated not only to abridge the people new mandamus counsellors, as de- of their rights, but to licence murprived the ímall remainder of all ders; of the number of troops in
[21 the capital, which were daily in- defilt from such illegal and unconcreasing by new acceflions drawn ftitutional proceedings. from every part of the continent; By this time Boston was become together with the formidable and the place of refuge to all those holile preparations in Boston-neck; friends of the new government, all tending to endanger the lives, who thought it necessary to perseliberties, and properties, not only vere in avowing their sentiments. of the people of Boston, but of the The commissioners of the customs, province in general. They con- with all their officers, had also clude by adjuring the general, as thought it necessary, towards the he regards his majesty's honour and conclusion of the preceding month, interest, the dignity and happiness to abandon their head quarters at of the empire, and the peace and Salem, and to remove the apparawelfare of the province, to desist tus of a custom-houle, to a place immediately from the construction which an act of parliament had of the fortress at the entrance into proscribed from all trade. Thus Boiton, and to restore that pais to the new acts of parliament on one its natural state.
hand, and the relliance of the peoThe general was involved in ple on the other, equally joined to fome difficulty in giving them an annihilate all appearance of goanswer, as he could not acknow- vernment, legination, judicial proledge the legality of their aflem - ceedings, and commercial regulabling. The neceflity of the times tions. however prevailed. He expressed Upon the approach of winter, great indignation that an idea the general had ordered temporary should be formed, that the lives, barracks to be erected for the liberties, or property of any peo. troops, partly, perhaps, for safety, ple, except avowed enemies, should and partly to prevent the disorders be in danger from English troops. and mischiefs, which in the present Britain, he said, could never här- ftate and temper of both, must be bour the black design of wantonly the unavoidable consequences of destroying or enslaving any people; their being quartered upon the inand notwithstanding the enmity habitants. Such, however, was the fewn to the troops, by withhold- diflike to their being provided for ing from them almoit every neces. in any manner, that the select-men sary for their preservation, they had and the committees obliged the not yet discovered the resentment workmen to quit their employment, which might justly be expected to though the money for their labour arise from such hostile treatment. would have been paid by the crown. He reminded the Congress, that the general had as little success in while they complain of alterations endeavouring to procure carpenters made in their charter by acts of from New York, so that it was parliament, they are themselves, by with the greatest difficulty he could their present affembling, subverting getthole temporary lodgments that charter, and now acting in di- erected; and having endeavoured rect violation of their own conftitu- alio to procure some winter covertion ; he therefore warned them of ing from the latter city, the offer che socks they were upon, and to to purchase it was presented to
every merchant there, who to a In the mean time the Provincial man refused complying with any Congress, notwithfanding the caupart of the order, and returned for tions given, and dangers held out antwer, “ that they never would by the governor, not only continued supply any article for the benefit their assembly, but their resolutions of men who were sent as enemies having acquired, from the diipofito their country.”
tion and promptitude of the people, Every thing now tended to in- all the weight and efficacy of laws, crease the mutual apprehension, dis. they seemed to have founded in eftrust, and animosity between go- fect something like a new and invernment and the people. Those dependent government. Under the of Boston, either were, or pretended style of recommendation and adto be, under continual terror, from vice, they settied the militia ; they the apprehensions of immediate regulated the public treasures ; and danger, to their properties, liber- they provided arms. They apties, and even their lives. They pointed a day of public thanksgivwere in the hands of an armed ing, .on which, among the other force whom they abhorred, and enumerated blessings, a particular who equally detected them. The acknowledgment was to be made foldiers on the other hand, con- to the Almighty, for the union fidered themselves in the midst of which fo remarkably prevailed in enemies, and were equally appre- all the colonies. hensive of danger from within and There and similar
Nov. ioth. without. Each side professed the measures, induced Gebeit intentions in the world for it- neral Gage to issue a proclamation, self, and thewed the greatest suspi- in which, though the direct terms cion of the other. In this state of are avoided, they are charged with doubt and profession, things were proceedings, which are generally rendered ftill worse, by a measure, unverstood as nearly tantamount to which did not seem of sufficient ireason and rebellion. The inha. importance in its consequences, to bitants of the province were acjoftify its being hazarded at so cți-cordingly, in the king's name, protical a season. This was the land- hibited from complying, in any deing of a detachment of sailors by gree, with the requisitions, recomnight, from the ships of war in the mendations, directions, or relpiveş harbour, who spiked up all the of that unlawful assembly. cannon upon one of the principal batteries belonging to the town.