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through successive ages, leaves the rank man in 'black opened the door, and never unsupported. The possessors of walking up, addressed him with a very this are far more respectable than other consequential air, “ Pray, sir, who may persons, since it gives thein a sort of you be?"

" Who am I? Such a one, prescriptive right over their tenants, and come to preach for your lecturer this which money cannot purchase: it is by afternoon." “ There was nobody here. the landed interest that a nan can be last Sunday," said the mann, " and I see fairly and honorably returned to parlia- nobody to-day." Upon which, taking ment: it is by the landed interest that up his hat, he stalked vif with dignity, that most useiul body the militia of the saying, “ Let us depart in peace;" and kingdom is at once raised, headed, and let the clergyınan overwhelmed with ine maintained; and services of this latter dignation. nature are so well widerstood, that the Woburn, Bedford. Your's, &c. ministerial papers have announced the Sept. 13, 1809.

M. CASTLEVEN. intention of creating several gentlemen of Ireland baronets, on this very account.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I hope I have now shown that the acquirement of an bereditary distinction is to be sought by, and will be given to, planation of the Church Catechisin, those who have any way benetited their published in London, lately, by the books country; and that the attainment of it sellers to the Society for the Propagation eren without the clam of reward, may of Christian Knowledge, and taught i Hot in every case proceed from vanity. many of the most respectable schols Aug. 20th

anci academies about London; in page

16 of the thirty-eigliath and last edition, To the Editor of the Monthly Magasine. I find, immediately following the question, SIR,

" What is meant by renouncing loim?" THE attention of the legislature have (meaning the devil) ibis answer : ber of licences, granted under the tole- with the Devil, whereof wilches, and gration act, you will have in remembrance, conjurers, and such as resort tu then, that when Lord Sidinouth made his mo- are guilty." tion on the suivject, his Grace of Canter- Thiere seems to me, Mr. Editor, somc. bary remarked, that “from his own ex: thing extremely improper in this answer; perience, in two dioceses, he was induced as it tends to make children believe in to believe the dissenters bad increased the existence of wiches, a doctrive whiclı, very much, particularly in the last few except by a few low and ignorant people, years: one cause he conceived to be, ibe is now universally exploded. It is but of Want of churches to contaiu the people; small in portance, that the reverend aufor the fact was, our population had far thor, Mr. Lewes, minister of Margate, outgrown our machinery."

Kent, and the publishers, can quote the Now, Sir, will you insert the following history of the witch of Endor, in supa fact? On Sunday afternoon, the 3d of this port of this doctrine. For that passage, month, I went into one of the central it is well known, having puzzled our best churches of the metropolis, and in this biblical critics, is tibis day not wel large handsome pile, no more than three understood. However, this much is cero worden, myself, and another individuai in tain respecting it: that the term, there the aisle, formed the congregation. The translated wilch, does not call up to the respectable minister was in lois sermos, mind of one, in the least acquainied with and, from what I heard, I thought it de the original, that catalogue of crimes for ser ved a better and larger audience. But which poor old women in this country, even one of these three women was fast ull about a century ago, used to be con. asleep!

The truth is, A minister went one day to a certain were those, who quote and drag in Scripchurch in the city, co officiate for the lec- ture in support of this, that, and the turer. Afier a walk of two miles, he other doctrine, to study, even with a moentered the church a few minutes before derate degree of care, the language of the time, and was surprised not to see Scripture, and to pay any degree of aran individual in the church except the tention to the lans, customs, manners, boy who was tolling the bell, with the and mode of thinking, to which the nasurplice on bis arm. lle went into the cied writers not unfrequently ret(r, they vestry, and had just sat down, when i would tid, that, instead of support ng MONTILY Mag. No, 196.

demined to the flames.




their peculiar notions, these passages “A New Yeers Gvist for the Right Ho. : often militate against them, and are cal. norable and Vertrous Lord, my Lord Sidculated to support doctrines of an oppo- nay, of the Hand-Writing and Limming site tendency. Did people, for instance, of mee Esther Inglis, the First of Ianvar, attend to this, that in the third chapter 1606."

Your's &c. of the book of Genesis, the original word Greonwich, JOHN CALDECOTT. translated sewed, means to fix, tie, or October. 9, 1809. fasten together in general, be it by a pin of wood, or in any other way; they would To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. not, as is often done, ask that ridiculous question, Where Adam found the needles


MONG the numerous superstitious Jeaves together? And, did they attend period prevailed even among the learned, to this, that there was a small window but which reason and good sense have in the temple at Jerusalem, commonly now happily banished, none was more called the Needle's Eye, and well known ridiculous than that of the scrofula, or to the Jews by that name, they would king's-evil, being cured by the royal Dot be so apt to find fault with the ex- touch. Whether our monarchs them pression of our Saviour, when he tells us, selves believed they possessed this mimthat “It is easier for a camel to pass culous power of healing, or whether they through the needle's eye, than for a rich spread this deception to dupe the peoman, by means of his riches, to enter into ple into a belief of their divine right, the kingdom of God.” So that, though, they universally laid claim to it from for some time before as well as after the Edward the Confessor down to the last days of Jaines VI., who wrote a treatise of the race of Stuart. It does not appear on witchcraft, the doctrine was believed, that any of the house of Brunswick have yet if the reverend author and publishers asserted this royal function; at least it of the above Catechisın can bring no has never been. publicly announced, as other proof than they have done, or than is was formerly the practice; but were his generally known, for the existence of present majesty to resume it, such faith witches, they would have evinced a more is yet put in the assertion of a king, that rational piety, hare shown themselves all the courtiers, and the great body of better pneumaticians, and better, ac. the ignorant multitude, would not hesiquainted with the Christian system, bad tate to believe its infallibility. The last they saved themselves the trouble of sovereign who appears to have exercised warning people against resorting to them. this miraculous gift was Queen Anne. In A book published with a view of being the Royal Gazette of March 12, 1712, put into the hands of children, tending appears the following public notice: to a helief in the existence of witches, bowever valuable in other respects,comes, touch publicly for the evil the 17th of thie

It being her majesty's royal intention to in my opinion, with a very bad grace instant March, and so to continue for some from any connected with the Society for time, it is her majesty's command, that the Propagation of Christian Knowledge. tickets be delivered the day before at WhiteNot doubting that this will find a place hall, and that all persons bring a certificate, in some corner or other of your valu- signed by the minister and church-wardens of able Miscellany,

their respective parishes, that they never

Your's, &c. received the royal touch." 137, St. Martin's-lane. JAMES HALL. Wiseman, serjeant-gurgeon to Charles

II. gives, in a inost reputable work on To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. surgery, a treatise on the king's.evil, in SIP,

which he speaks of the royal touch in the cellany, for September, an account a frequent eye witness of many hundreds of the rare and beautiful manuscripts of cures performed by his majesty's of Esther Inglis in the Bodleian library, touch alone, without the assistance of Jibrary of Christ Church, Oxford, and the chirurgery, and those many of them such British Museum, I think it may not be un- as had tired out the endeavours of able interesting to your readers to be informed chirurgeons before they came thither. that another is in my possession, compris. It were endless to relate what I niyself Ing eigliteen specimens in different hands have seen, and what I have received ace of the Proverbs of Solomon, in English, knowledgments of by letter, not only decorated with bead-pieces, and enutled from the several parts of this nation, but

I am,

also from Ireland, Scotland, Jersey, and at the ceremony; and says, the words Germany." It was the office of Mr. used were “Le Roy te touche, Dieu to Wiseman, as serjeant-surgeon, to select guerisse.” Every Frenchman received such afflicted objects as were proper to

fifteen sous, and every foreigner thirty. be presented for the royal touch. In the To some of the supposed patients the history of the disease, when describing king said, Etes-vous malade uussi? its various states and appearances, he This power of healing by the kings of says: “Those which we present to his France, occasioned great resort to Franmajesty are chiefly such as have this sort cis I. while prisoner at Madrid, by the of tumour about the musculus mustoideus Spaniards, who had not such faith in the or neck, with whatever circumstances efficacy of their own king's touch. they are accompanied; nor are we dif- It appears, by a proclamation of James ficult in admitting the thick-chapped up. I. March 25, 1617, that the kings of per lips, and eyes afflicted with a lippi England would not permit any resort to tudo. In other cases we give our judg. them for these miraculous cures in the ments more warily." Serjcant-surgeon summer-time. By another proclamation, Wiseman says, else where : " In case of of the 18th of June, 1626, it is ordered the king's touch, the resolution doth often that no one shall apply for this purpose, happen where our endeavours have sig. who does not bring a proper certificate nified nothing; yea, the very gummata; that he has never been touched before ; insomuch that I'am cautious in predict- and the same, it has already been seen, ing concerning thein, although they ap- were the terms on which Queen Anne pear never so bad, until fourteen days be granted her royal touch. This regulation over."

undoubtedly must have arisen from some Sceptics deny their belief to miracles, supposed patients who had attempted to from their not being duly attested; but receive the bit of gold more than once. is it possible to desire a more satisfactory In a prayer-book printed in the year testimony of these miraculous cures, 1708, is a form of the church-service than that of a man of science and respec. for the occasion of the royal touch. Alter tability, under whose immediate inspec- the Lord's Prayer, it is stated, “Then tion they were performed, and who has shall the inform persons, one by one, be " himself been a frequent eye-witness of presented to the queen; and wbile the many hundreds of cures performed by queen is laying her hands upon them, his majesty's touch alone ?"

and is putting the gold about their necks, The flonorable Daines Barrington, in the chaplain that officiates, turning hima his Observations on the more Ancient self to her majesty, sball say these words Statutes, inserts what he heard from an following: God give a blessing to this sd man, a witness in a cause, with work! and grant that these sick persons regard to this miraculous power of heale on whom the queen lays her hands may ing. The following are Judge Barrington's recover, through Jesus Christ our Lord!' words:

-After some other prayers, the chaplain, «He had, by his evidence, fixed the standing with his face towards them that time of a fact, by Queen Anne's having come to be healed, shall say: "The been at Oxford, and touched him whilst Almighty God, who is a most strong a child for the evil. When he had fi- tower to all them that put their trust nished his evidence, I had an opportunity in him, to whom all things in heaven, in of asking him, Whether he was really earth, and under the earth, do bow and cured? Upon which he observed, with obey, be evermore your defence; and a significant smile, that he believed make you know and feel that there is himself never to have had a complaint none other name under heaven given to. - that deserved to be considered as the man, and through whom you may receive evil; but that his parents were poor, and health and salvation, but only the name kad no objection to the bit of gold.? of our Lord Jesus Christ! Aiep.'» “Its seeins to ine, that this piece of gold

Your's, &c. which was given to those who were September 12, 1809. J. BAXNANTINE, touched, accounts for the great resort ou this occasion, and the supposed after- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, wards miraculous cares."

SIR, Gemelli, the famous traveller, gives TO species of writing," says Dr. an account of 1600 persons offering Johnson, “seems more worthy themselves to be cured of the evil by of coltivation than biography, since Louis XIV. on Easter Sunday, in the pone can be more delightful or useful." year 1686. Gemelli bimself was present This sentimeut, togetber with the idea




that it would not be displeasing to you lic life in the gloom of a monastery, it to hear some account of a deceased was scarcely known that he existed, una friend, has noduced me to trouble you til, in the age of chivalry, he was again with a lew memoirs of Taste.

called forth in the service of the fair sex. Taste was the offspring of Judgment from this time be began to gain strength and Imagination. As he was rasher a and respectability. The reason of this plain child, bis parents endeavoured to was that, although he had been forgoxen, remedy the defects of nature by art; but his works remained; which, on his first res the methods they pursued were so dif: appearance, were eagerly consulted ; and ferent, that they were continually involved it was aniversally agreed that the author in quarıcls respecting him. The conse must be worthy of the highest degree of quence of this was, that he was scarcely 'honor and respect. lle was in conseattended to at all, and used to run about quence declared svpremé judge of works the streets up to his knees in mud. In of art and science, patroni and protector this condition he was found by Homer, of all artists and professors of literature, who scraped off some of the dirt that and president of all scientific establishe hung about him, and carried him with ments. His power now becaine unlie him, in the capacity of a guide. Homer mited; and, still fecling an affection for introduced him to the muses, and when Italy, the scene of liis former grandeur, they went to take up their abode at he made it the seat of his present great, Athens he accompanied them. Here, ness. After some centuries however of under their tuition, he improved rapidly; just and undisputed sway, certain eçcenand at an age when other children are tricities were observed in his behavioury thumbing their horn-books, and playing which inuch alarmed his friends; and at at chuck-farzhing, he was engraving on length he gave full proof of insanity, by drinking-nuvgs, and making sonnets. As falling in love with and marrying Folly, he grew up, from the company in which a being whom he had always before dehe resided, he was of course introduced to spised and liated. By her he had a all the celebrated poets and artists of the son called Absurdity, by whom he was age, who cherished and instructed bim; dethroned: after which he languished and as he was a popular character, hé a short time and then died; leaving bus was enabled to requite their services by few friends to lament his loss. rewarding their labors.

It is not my intention now to enter Besides, however, his friends, he had into a history of the reign of Absurdity: (like all who possess intrinsic worth) se- but should this be deemed worthy of pub veral enemies. He was nearly killed by lication, you may perhaps hear some Diogenes, for attempting to paint that account of him, from Your's &c. cynic's tub, and carve his wooden bowl,

NON-RES, Ile once attempted to sctile in Sparta; but Lycurgus throw some black broth in to the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, his face, and kicked him out of the city, SIR, because he could not leap over a ditch. T is somewhat surprising, that your finding it impossible to reside in a staté last voluine, in consulting Hornce for continually harassed, partially subdued, authorities respecting flebitis, should have and universally territied by powerful eve overlooked the followed sentence: mies, he removed to Rome. Here lie

Flebilis sponsæ juvenemve raptum became a great favourite at court, under Plorat. Lib. 4. Od. 2. Lin, 21, 22. the reign of Augustus. After that emperor's death, his own friends also gradu Here flebilis is evidently used in preally dying, he began hiinself to droop, and cisely the same signification as that in his destruction was nearly completed by which Lord Hailes has employed it, an immense course of Latin divinity. More instances of a similar use of the Thus, situated, deprived of his friends, word may probably occur in classic auj. weak and wounded in his condition, and thrors. To search for them, however, is despised, he became lıypochondriacal, and unnecessary; as this one example is of for some time languished onheard of itself quite suficient to vindicate bis

At length he agnin appeared, though lordship from the hasty.charge preferred scarcely discernible from the rude weeds against him by your correspondent. of Gothic barbarity that covered him. Hanslope,

Your's, &c. Weak, deformed, and secluded from put. Dec. 8. 1809.



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WIMOINS of JOHN WALLIS, D.D. ans of the age in which he lived. "lle

5:11.77SAVILIAN PROFESSOR of ge0- was (says Mr. Scarborough,) one of the NETRY, in the UNIVERSITY of OXFORD, greatest masters of geometry that batha ELEPER of the ARCHIVES, MEMBER appeared in any of these later ages; the of the ROYAL S:CIETY, and CHAPLAIN ,honour of our country, and the adiniin ODISARY to KING CHARLES II.

ration of others.” Mr. Oughitred says, Originalty compiled from SCARCE "he was a person adorned with all inge

nious and excellent arts and sciences, R. WALLIS was the son of the pious and industrious, of a deep and Ashford, in Kent, and was born in in ali mathematical studies, and happy November, 1616: his father dying when and successful to admiration in decypher. he was young, he was indebted for his ing the most difficult and intricate education to the care and kindness of writinys; which was indeed his peculiar his mother, who sent him to school, honour, and affords the greatest instance first to Tenterden, in his native county, ever known of the force and penetration and afterwards to Felsted, in Essex, of the human understanding,” I shall where he became pretty well acquainted here give the reader the doctor's own with the Latin and Greek languages, account of the first outset of this busiand also ob'ained some knowledge of ness. “ About the beginning of our Hebrew. Being at home during the civil wars, a chaplain of Sir William Christmas vacation, be Icarnt from a Waller showed me, as a curiosity, an 'younger brother the first rules of intercepted letter written in cypher, (and common arithnietic, which was his ini. it was indeed the first thing I had ever tiation into mathematics, and all the seen of the kind); and asked me, be. teaching he tind; but he afterwards pro- tween jest and carnest, if I could make secuted it as a pleasing diversion at any think of it? and was surprised, ä ben spare hours, for nathematics were not I told him, perhaps I might. It was at that time looked upon as academical about ten o'clock when we rose froin learning. In the year 1932, he was supper; and I withdrew to my chamber sent to the university of Cambridge, and to consider of it. By the number of there admitted in Emanuel college, different characters in it, I judged it under the tuition of Mr. Anthony Bur- could be no more than a new alphabet; gess, a pious, learned, and able scholar, and before I went to bed I found it out; a good disputant, an eminent preacher, which was my first attempt upon decyand afterwards minister of Sution.Cole- phering: and I was soon pressed to field, in Warwicksbire. Dr. Wallis attempt one of a different character, proceeded Bachelor of Arts in 1637, consisting of numerical figures, extending and Master of Arts in 1640: he entered to four or five hundred numbers, with into orders, and was ordained by bishop other characters intermixed, which was Curle; and lived about a year as chaplain a letter from Secretary Windebank, in the house of Sir Richard Darby, at (then in France,) to his son in England; Buttercrum, in Yorkshire; and two and was a cypher hard enough, not unyears with the Lady Vere, (widow of the becoming a secretary of state. And Lord Horatio Vere.) He was afterwards when, upon importunity, I had taken a fellow of Queen's college, Cambridge, great deal of pains with it without sucbut quitted his fellowship on his marriage cess, I threw it by; but after some time in 1644. About this time he was also I resumed it again, and had the good hap appointed one of the secretaries to the to master it.

Assembly of Divines at Westminster; “Being encouraged by this success and during his attendance on the assem- beyond expectation, I have ventured bly, he was a minister in London, first upon. many others, and seldom failed of in Fenchurch-street, and afterwards in any that I have attempted for many Ironmonger-lane, where he continued years; though of late the French inethods till his removal to Oxford. There the of cyphers are grown so extremely intridoctor prosecuted his studies; till he at cate, that I have been obliged to quit bength attained to such proficiency, as to many of them, without having patience be reputed one of the first mathematici to go through with them.” The following


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