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SOXNET. THE scene was more beautiful far to my TO A RAVEN, ON HEARING ONE IN A
eye, Than if day in its pride had array'd it; WHAT noise is that? What hoarse and The land-breeze blew mild, and the azure arch'd sky
Starts me from steen, and vibrates in my Look'd pure as the Spirit that made it :
ear? The murmur rose soft as I silently gazed What form ill-omen'd sounds close ackents On the shadowy wave's playful motion,
drear? From the dim disiant isle tilt the beacon fire Again it croaks : again it hovers nigh: blazed
Again it screams aloud: and, flitting by, Like a star in the midst of the ocean. Against my window boats. Ah! bird of
fear, No longer the joy of the sailor-boy's breast Was heard in his wildly-breath'd num.
Say, to what end these boding signs appear;
What mischiefs you presage, what pending bers“; The sea-bird had flown to her wave-girdled Hail, fated, dark-wing'd minister of fate ;
destiny. nest, 'The fisherman sunk to his slumbers :
Whose frequent moans,
borne on the One moment I look'd from the hill's gentle Scarce Reason's self can calmly contemplate,
hollow blast, slope,
And Superstition hears with looks (All hush'd was the billow's commotion,) And thought that the beacon look'd lovely as
aghast : hope,
My mind congenial greets thy dreadful That star of life's tremalous ocean.
Welcomes the awful gloom, nor pants for The time is long past and the scene is afar;
I. U. Yet, when my head rests on its pillow, Will memory sometimes rekindle the star
SONNET. That blazed on the breast of the billow.
TO A REDBREAST: la life's closing hour, when the trembling sweet little songster hither, bithet soul flies,
bend And death stills the heart's last emotion; Your casual flight : your airy path s trace ; O then may the seraph of mercy arise,
And, leaning at this ruin'd column's base, Like a star on eternity's ocean!
With curious eye your varied motions tend, P. M. I. And to your plaintive notes a pleas?d attention
1, may no feather'd foe your life efface! WAVE thy fair head, thou early flow'r, E'en truant school-boys spare your favor'd And the fleeting sunshine borrow;
race, For the scornful wind and the driving show'r And man receives and greets you as a Shall lay thee low to-morrow.
friend. Fond beauty, whose love-lighted eye
When hail and snow a long white landscape The smile of joy is wearing,
form, Cherish the beam; for love shall die,
Dauntless you seek his hospitable door, And leave thy soul despairing.
Find a werm refuge from the ruthless storm,
And feed where pity fondly screws the The blossom of spring's untimely birth,
floor. To the lingering storm is given;
Oh! were frail man to man but half as And love is a flow'r may bud on earth,
kind, But only blows in heaven.
Yon houseless shiviring wretch had shunn'd P. M. I. this wintry wind.
PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.
MR. JOHN DUFF'S (GRIAT PULTENEY perpendicular to it. There is a spring
STREET), for un Invention of Snuffers which presses through an opening in the on u new and improved Construction, scraper, to'force it rapidly back against communicated to Mr. Duff by a a valye or hanging door; which has a Foreigner
prominent peg facing the scraper, by I
N the drawings attached to this speci- which it is pushed as the door of the of the inside of the snuffers; which exhi- the snuff pass into the receiver; it shuts bits a scraper turning on pirots, one in a again by its own weight. The scraper socket, and the other underneath and being of the same size as the value or
hanging door, acts as a second door to hind, or at foot of the second set; which the receiver, until drawn back by opening exactly resembles the first, but is of a the snuffers, and then the valve resumes smaller size: a foot of the third set dilers its place. There is likewise a represen: from the others only in having a smule tation of a piece of irou, which acts as a or double broad plate fixed behind the lever to draw the scraper forward and coulter. To the above implements a backward. One end of the lever is in- ruller and harrow-brusi are occasionally serted in a hole; and the otlier end lias amexed. an oval hole in it, and is held by a peg fixed in one of the shanks of the snuffers,
DANTON'S (ANGYLE-STREET, near to its left edge; and, on account of WESTMINSTER), for a Lump of a new the oval form of its aperture, draws for- Construction. ward the scraper at the opening of the This lamp is said to be constructed snuffers, and pushes it backwards as the upon the natural unerring princi; le of the snuffers close. The door for emptying difference of gravity between tien duids; the receiver is at the end of the snutters, which produces a constant supply of oil, and opens and shuts by pressing the point or other combustible fluit, to feed the of the snuifers upirards and downwards: wick thereof, founting in a perpendicular. this door is kept closed by an inside direction from a reservoir beneati lie spring. On the point of the snuffers are flame, having the quality of bring or tiro semi-oval cuts, one plain, and the consuming the whole mil or other comother with a few sharp edges, intended as bustible iluid. The method of raising the proper means of raising or removing oil, &c. consists in applying to the bottom splinters, or thieves, in the wick of the of the columo of oil, or other combusticandle; and which may or may not be ble Auid, containeri in the lanp, the liye added at discretion, and are not at all con- drostatic pressure of a fluid of greater nected with the invention as such. specific gravity contained in air exterior
reservoir, in which the lamp itself, with its MR.
MANLEY'S (UPECULA, contents an appendages, is made to dia'; DEVON.), for a Plough.
and which fluid ut greater specific gravity The plough described in this spe. communicates with the interior si tie cification is denominated the “ expedi- lamp itseif, and is at liberty to flow into tion plough," and is said to have this ad. it, subject to the counteraciing nyorontale vantage over every other implement: tic pressure of ille couran asioil, or sther that the same borse-power has more than combuirlande Huni, contained in the lamp, double the effect in draught; and that the by means of an aperture in the bottom of work it makes, is greatly superior to that it: and the parenice add-," I am induced of every other plough. It is worked in a to believe, that by making thie point it bean, in the cominon way; and has three which the wick is placed, moveable; by different sets of feet, which may be ex- the continual subsidence of the lump on
changed one for the other, as required. the exterior reservoir, during the combusThese are more ar less in number, accord- tion of the oil, &c.; and by the other iming to the size of the beam, and the dif- provements in the construction; I render ferent work for which they are intended. it unnecessary, in the majority of instances, The plouglis are so constructed as to be to employ for the heavier fluid any one used for different purposes, in the follow- of greater specific gravity than common ing manner :-The first sort, when set in water, and in the respects accomplisha shallow ground, will either scarify or spin;' the end proposed with greater adraveage when set deep, they will draw themselves or convenience than the same has hiinto the ground, working it up and palm thertu been done with.”—Mr. Barton bas verizing it at a great depth. --The second given drawings to represent the whole are used for the purpose of working the lanip, and also the several parts of which ground finer.---The third are used for it is composed. The lower part of a hall turning the ground over in single or double or staircase lamp, is a cylindrical resridges. The beam or wooden frame, in sel of thin brass or copper, the bottom of which the feet are fixed, represents that which is fitted on its lower extremity', of the common plough, with tbe addition either by a screw, joint, or otherwise. of two arms or side beams to take the From the top of this vessel there issues a side feet, and is worked by handles, and tube, communicating with it
, to the suset by a wheel. The feet are in three sets: perior extremity of which the burner, or a foot of the first set represents a coulter burners, are adapted. There is an airwith a share-point, having wings fixed be- vessel or float, nearly, but not quite sufe MONTHLY MAG. No. 196.
ficiently, buoyant to support the whole of the oil down the sides of the burner, but the lamp (that is, the vessel with the apply the oil, which would otherwise be tube, and the burners attached to its su- wasted by this means, to the purpose of perior extremity) in water, or such other more copiously supplying the combastion Huid as it may be thought proper to use, of the wick. In order, however, both for the purpose of supporting the neces- that no part of the oil which exudes from sary column of oil" by its hydrostatic the wick during its combustion may be pressure, when the cylindric vessel is fille wasted, and that the disagreeable effects ed with either oil, &c. There is also an which would result from its flowing dowb additional doat fitted on the tube towards the sides may be still more effectuits superior extremity, which is so adjust- ally prevented, Mr. B. attaches to the ed as to be capable, together with an in- tube which constitutes the burner, at a ferior float, of supporting the whole of convenient distance below the plate or the lamp. The floats may be made of ledge, a second plate or ledge, of the any buoyant substance, capable of being same figure, but' of larger dimensions adapted to a like purpose; such, for exam than the one already described. The ple, as the lighter kinds of wood var- tube which constitutes the burner, is pernished, or cork: or they may consist of forated between the two plates with two tin-plate, thin brass, or any other thin or more horizontal circular rows of small metallic plates, soldered up, so as to apertures, surrounding such tube: by this form a hollow air-tight vessel. The ex- contrivance, any such oil as escapes over terior part of the lamp serves to contain the edge of the upper of the said plates, the fluid, by the hydrostatic pressure of may be caught by the lower one, and by which the necessary columa of oil for the that means again brought into contact supply of the burners at the superior ex- with the wick tbrough the apertures; treinity of the tube is to to be supported ; and also, the external air which is acand in which the lamp itself, with its tube, mitted through the apertures, and a certhe burners, and the Boats, are intended tain quantity of which will, of course, rise to float when the vessel and the are fills through the interstices of the cotton to ed, either with the oil originally intro- the lighted portion of the wick, will asduced into it, or with such residue of it sist in promoting combustion. as may from time to time remain unconsumed; together with such portion of the MR. WILLIAM UUTTON'S (SHEFFIELD). for water, or other fluid heavier than oil, by a Method of making Sickles and Reaphe hydrostatic pressure of which the co ing Hooks. Join of oil is intended to be supported. The nature of this invention shall be It must be observed that whatever be the described nearly in the author's own specific gravity of the heavier fluid, the words :--Take a piece of steel, hammer relative heights of the whole of the vessel, or roll it into a proper thickness, then cut with the tube, nust be in a somewhat or pare it into ihe form of a sickle or greater proportion than the inverse pro-' reaping-hook; this may be called the blade portion of the specific gravities of those of the sickle or hook: then tooth the iwo fluids, to enable the cotton to pro- blade, if for a sickle, in the usual manduce, by its capillary action, à sufficiently ner; next harden i he blade in the hardcopious supply of the oil, &c. The pa ening-mixture now used for saws, and tentee next gives a method for conveni- give a temper or colour'according to the ently filling the vessel; and he adds, that quality of the steel of which it is made; the burner consists of a tube tapering up, then set, and
grind it. The back may be wards, to the upper part of which, and made, and afixed to or upon the blade, not more than about one-halfits diaineter in the following manner:- the blade being below its superior extremity, there is at- made, holes are to be pierced through tached a smiall plate or ledge, concave that part intended to be affixed to the upwards, and projecting on every side back; then take a piece of iron or steel, from the exterior of the tube itself to a and hanner or draw it into the form of distance equal to about one-half of the the back of a sickle or book, and fit it to diameter of such tube. The intention the blade; afterwards, pierce holes in the and effect of this projecting plate or ledge, back to correspond with those pierced in are, to catch the small quantity of oil which the blade, and fasten them together generally exudes from the wick of a lamp either with rivets or screws. Or the backs that is sufficiently supplied, and by that may be made and fastened to the blades means not only prevent the unpleasant in this way: take a piece of iron or steel, eifegt which results from the flowing of roll, forge, cast, or hammer, it to any
thickness, and pare it to a brea.lth pro. for the purpose of holding itself fast.to per for the purpose; then double it by the blade; which done, put the blade means of a vice, stanıp, or fly-press; fas- into a vice, and force on the back through ten the tongue into the back, either by its nearly-closed edges with a hammer; welding or brazing; then hammer the or force the blade into the back by a back upon a block of iron or steel, so wooden hainmer, striking on the edge of that it may be flat and level; then close the blade. In this way any number of the edges nearly together, taking care to rivets or serews may be usert, inore effec. leave the back part more open than the tually to fasten the back to the blade. edge, in order that it may form a spring
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