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pidly filling; indeed, the last fortnight has house. Through Church Meadow, a poured in upon w such crowds of compa- raised path is continued to the brook. ny, that we are actually fearful of an in- A new crescent, situated immediately to uudation. The principal inns and best the right of this path, is in a state of conlodgings are already full, while many poor siderable forwardness, and is intended to quiet souls, who really prefer the calın bę embellished with a terrace in front, comfort of obscurity to the gay flutter of which will command a pleasant, though fashion, have positively retired to the confined, prospect. A shallow stream, neigblouring villages, where lodgings are which has been dignified with the appelnot yet become scarce. Upwards of lation of the “ River Chelt," separates twelve hundred names already appear on
this meadow from the well-walk, the ac-' the subscription-books; and to these nu- cess to which is over a small draw-bridge, merous additions are daily making. A on whose construction no praise can be few seasons ago, when one well alone bestowed. furnished our delicious morning.beverage, The scene here is highly interesting, it was constantly drank dry by eight and in no small degree beautiful. A o'clock. Now, thank Heaven, we are am. fine avenue ef elms leads directly to the ply supplied—nay spas are become so pump, above which another of limes exnumerous, that I think half the popula- tends to the second or “Orchard Well." tion of the kingdom might be supplied Here a serpentine walk, surrounding a with this sovereign panacea.
small lawn, shaded with firs and young At every turn l' greet some old ac- elms, gives a charming finish to the quaintance, or see some distinguished whole. The pump rises in the form of personage; and our tea-tables teen with an obelisk, under an arched dome, near interesting anecdotes of illustrious visin the centre of the walks; from whence tors. In London, a similarity of man- a romantic cottage at the upper extreners usually conceals those little traits of mity, terminates the view with a most character, that are so peculiarly interest- happy effect; while the church spire, ing to an intelligent observer; but here rising in the centre of the opposite averestraint is thrown off. Confined within nue, and exhibiting a dial, on which the a limited sphere of society, and a circuin- progress of time inay be observed from scribed roond of amusements, the various the walks, is an object inexpressibly pleapursuits of individuals are strictly scruti. sing. On one side of the paved court, nized, and pablicity given to trivial oc- in which stands the pump, is a long room, currences, that in the great metropolis that occasionally affords shelter from the entirely escape observation. But hold; passing shower; and this room is usually I forget that I have not yet described our enlivened by Riviere's splendid and grand morning-promenade. Can you tempting display of jewellery. On the believe it? We rise here soon after six other is Fassaria's print and toy-shop; o'clock, and immediately sally forth to together with an orchestra, where a band the well
. The walk thither at this early of music regularly perforins during the lour is truly delightful. Nature, clad in time of drinking the water. her gayest robe, gladdens every heart; and These walks are every morning at an pleasure seems to sparkle in every eye. early hour filled with company; and I ne
The common foot way to the old spa, ver witnessed a scene more exhilarating lies through the church-yard, the different and more delightful than that which here walks of which are shaded by donble uniformly presents itself. On every side rows of lime-trees, whose prim-trained interesting groups are to be seen, who, heads disgust the eye of taste with their while the balıny zephyrs of morning seem tedious uniformity. At the end of the to spread over each countenance the glow church-yard, many new built shops ex- of aniination, brend the enjoyment of sobibit the promising appearance of a new cial converse with the pleasure of healthStreet, that will, in the course of time, pro- ful exercise. The young and the old, bably. extend to the crescent. The the vigorous and the infirin, here mingle ground occupied by these, was lately a with unwonted alacrity, and appear to grasel walk, which, following a serpentine derive equal delight from the varied gaiety direction, opened into Church 'Mcad, with which they are surrounded. Here leaving at a little distance on the right we meet some of the brightest luminaries the “Great Ilouse,” that memorabie in the hemisphere of fashion, and observe monument of female caprice. This was many of the most distinguished frequentbailt by the late Lady Stapleton, for a ers of Bond-street and St. James's; for family residence; but it is now converted too often are they compelled to resort int a spacious and convenient lodging bither, to repair the devastations of the MONTULY Mao.No. 194.
preceding campaign of dissipation, or to to flow slowly through a swamp covered lay in a stock of health for that of the ap- with brambles and succulent plants. proaching winter.
This led to a minute examination of the The usual time of taking the water is place in 1803, when a copious supply of in the morning, from seven to nine ; and fine chalybeate water was discovered. A early rising, salubrious air, and gentle ex. handsome pump room is now placed over ercise, nust of course greatly assist ite it, and it has since been considerably frebeneficial effects. Almost every indivi- quented. The contiguity, however, of the dual carries a glass cup, and, in passing Cambray spas to the town will probably ale and re-passing the pump, occasionally ways secure to them the majority of visitors. takes a draught of water. The spreading io Cambray Cottage Spa," is the profoliage of luxuriant trees throw over the perty of Colonel Riddel, i ho has a charmwalks a grateful shade, while seats, placed ing residence here; and in a handsome at convenient distances, offer to the fatin garden in the front of this stands the gued pedestrian a suitable accommoda- puinp. A suitable apartment in the tion.
house, has been appropriated for the ac. At the top of the lime-walk on the right, commodation of subsbribers, and many a new well (Orchard Well) was last year names appear on the book. An elegant sunk, which now affords an ample supply octagon viranda encloses the other well, of water. Over this a neat pump- which is nearer to Cambray-street. This room is erected ; and as this water pose would be a beautiful object from the sesses a smaller proportion of the chaly. High-street, if it had been surrounded by beate, and a larger one of the salise prus a well-planned shrubbery; but at present perties, than that of the old well; on some it looks comfortless and bare. These occasions it obtains a preference, wells all produce simple chalybeata wa
The decorations and general appeara ters without any admixture of saline inance of the old spa will not, perhaps, gredients. bear the strict scrutiny of correct taste. Dr. Jameson, an eminent philosophia, It would be invidious to compare the elma cal' physician, resident here, has been walk to the noble avenue in Christ Church indefatigable in his exertions to procure Meadow, at Oxford. The dome and sufficient supplies of saline water. Ile pump have certainly a mean appearance. is said to bave bored in upwards of forty An elegant marble vase and pedestal, pla- diterent places, before he obtained the ced under a cupola of light architecture, object of his pursuit. An abundant would have been more appropriate, and spring was at length found (Sherborne into this the water night have been thrown Well) nearly at the top of the lane adwithout difficulty by a concealed pump. joining the old well. This, however, pos
On a gentle eminence at a short dis sessed a sulphureous flavour, which is of tarce from the original spring, stands a fensive to the palate, however salutary it noble mansion, built for the late Lord may be to the system, but which flavour F..conberg, called Bay's Hill Lodge. is said to have been perceived in the oriHere their Majesties resided during their ginal well when it was first opened. Some visit in the year 1778. On digging a well accommodations were provided here, and at that time for domestic purposes, a sa. much of this water was daily drunk. It line water was discovered, the medicinal has now fallen into disrepute, either from qualities of which approached very near some change that is supposed to have tato those of the old spa. A pump room keu place in the quality of the water, or, was then erected over it, a pleasant ter- what is more likely, from the superior race laid out in front, and a gravel walk eclat which has attended other wells, opened to connect the two wells. This, that have been subsequently sunk. which was called the " King's Well," at The extensive undertakings in which first produced an abundant supply of wą. Mr. Thompson has been recently engaged, ter, which often, in the height of the sea- for the purpose of establishing a new spa, son, proved a valuable auxiliary to that with superior accommodations and emof the other spa. In the course of time, bellishments, reflect great credit both on however, this was much diminished; and his liberality and his taste. The charmsince the discovery of superior springs, it ing spot selected for this improvement has been totally neglected,
and decoration, is situated behind Cam. Barrett's chalybeate is situated in a bray-street, where a delightful plot of field beyond the mill, at the top of the ground of very considerable dimensions, town; and a pleasant walk has been is rapidly assuming a most varied and opened to it by the side of the brook. An beactiful aspect. The different medici. ochreous sueam bad long been observed nal waters are all to be fouud here, and
the names of " Hygeia House,” “Mont- borne well, a new pump room, and an ocpelier Wells; "and" Montpelier Grounds,” tagon stone turret, offer an abundant supbare already been imposed upon this in- ply of approved water, that has already Fiting assemblage of walks and waters, drawn numerous visitors to the spot. The direct road hither, is through Cam- The first of these contains a chalybeated bray-street, beyond which a raised cause and a strong and weak sulphuretted saline; way is carried to the brook; and over this the second, a chalybeateil, a strong chaa brick bridge is thrown, nearly opposite ly bcated, and a weak sinple saline. a structure of singular appearance, known Round Mompelier grounds, seats are by the name of “ Lady Mary Lindsay's placed in appropriate situations Cottage." It here passes some planta- mand lovely prospects, the town here tions, and a piece of water of fantastic and there peeping through the trees, disform, belonging to lier ladyship, and then, tant fields preitily decorated with timber, taking a serpentine direction through and sprinkled with cottages; while Cleeve some delightful clumps of shrubs and sap- Ihli forms a fine back-ground to the piclinys, leads at once to Ilygeia House. ture,
I shall not perhaps find a more conve- Mr. Thompson's magnificent plans of nient opportunity than the present one, improvement, include hot and cold baths; to describe the residence of Lady Mary. and a suitabic building has been erected It is, upon the whole, an elegant' edifice, for this purpose, upon a very extensive although disfigured by glaring incongrui- scale, near ilgeid House. llere batlis ties. T lacticed front and projecting, com:10n or of mineral water, shower thatched roof, are the only characters of baths, sudatories, &c. can be procurea a cottage that it bears, and these are with the greatest facility. completely outraged by the height of It has lately become a very general the building; the neat' portico filling a practice, to ridicule the prevailing taste large recess in front, and the spacious for frequenting watering-places and drinks bons at the back of the house.
ing saline waters. To these gay resorts Inmediately above this “Cottage,” Mr. of fashion and of show, numerous indiThompson's improvements conimence. viduals are cestainly attracted by the vaPlantations and walks every where sur- rious amusement which they oifer to the round Hygeia llouse, which, as the trees is- idle and the dissipated. Salutary relax. crease in size, will, in the course of time, ation from the laborious cares of the be completely enbowered. This spas professional man, and the man of husicious and elegant structure is of whiteness, must however be allowed to be a stone, and is designed to be surrounded sollicient inducement for exchanging oco by stone pillars and a green viranda, casionally the burry, the smoke, and the which cannot fail to have a most happy intemperate habits, of the metropolis and effect. Hither, it is said, the proprietor its viciniiy, for rustic seclusion and raoriginally intended to have conveyed all tional enjoyment. Where a periodical the varieties of water in wooden trunks; influx of visitors is expected, every requibut that plan, I presume, is abandoned; site either for comfort or gratification as other buildinys have been erected in will of course be prepared; and thither different parts of Montpelier grounds, also many will very naturally repair, who near to the precise spots where the springs altogether disregard the waters that oriare found. The commodious pump room ginally gave celebrity to the place. But here, however, will afford a weak'chaly. the avidity with which saline waters are beated saline, a weak sulphuretted saline, drunk, wlierever the bounteous hand of and a simple chalybcate, but these are nature has bestowed them, seems to indi. 10: the waters that are most likely to at- cate an intuitive conviction of their be. tract the attention of the public. From neficial effects; and if we refer to the this spa, a path proceeds winding through unsophisticated instincts of animals, we shrubbery to Montpelier grounds, which shall find that they also take advantage are of many acres extent, and reach quite of these indigenous medicinal aids, when. to the lane behind the old well. Round ever they are placed within their reach. these is carried a gravel walk, skirted It is a singular circumstance that in with plantations, that also include a America, at certain seasons of the year, charming ride. On one side a hawthorn various tribes of animals assemble at the hedge, of unusual luxuriance and beauty, “salines,” or “ salt licks," which abound betxeen two gravel walks, affords either in many parts of that rast continent, and On the one side or the other, during the after drinking copiously of the nauseous whole of the day, an inviting share, and draught, disperse again quietly in the out the opposite extremity, near to Sher woods. The settlers observing this, were
induced to mix salt with the provender the mind, promote exercise, which is naof their cattle, which produced in those ture's best restorative. thus fed, a manifest superiority. It In liver complaints, that arise from a will hardly be necessary, after relating long residence in torrid climes, the suthis strong fact, to insist on the inference perior efficacy of these waters is firmly to be drawn from the concurrence of all established; and many whose health has nations in the use of salt as a culinary in- been thus injured, annually resort to this gredient; from the predilection shown place, and bear away in their altered for it by some of the feathered race, or looks ample testimony of the benefit they from the salutary properties of the salt have received. marshes, either in preventing or reme The baths which I have before noticed, äying the diseases of sheep. Can we are likely to be of incalculable advantage wonder then that Cheltenham, liberally to those who are tormented with extrasupplied as it is with saline springs, should neous affections, for the cure of which, be so much frequented ? Here the ac. the internal use of these waters has long tive agency of common salt is heightened been efficiently employed, The bathing by the addition of other saline materials plan, however, would be greatly improved, (Épsom and Glauber salts) whose ape- if it supplied artificial sea-water and sulrient qualities are more decisive, while phurated baths. The addition of a protheir debilitating effects are counteracted per proportion of salt to the mineral waby carbonic and chalybeate principles, ter might easily be made; and surely some whose renovating influence upon the chemical process might be devised, to stomach is universally recognized. Here, approximate the strong sulphurated saline according to the nature of his complaint, nearer to the nature of Harrogate water. the invalid may have recourse to the sa It would be worthy of the enlarged Jine chalybeate of the old spa; a sulphu- views of Mr. Thompson, to procure, if retted saline, approaching to the nature possible, the completion of the colonnade, of Harrogate water; a simple saline, &c. and to open from thence a grand avenue &c. at Montpelier Wells; and a simple to Montpelier wells. chalybeate, like that of Tunbridge, at I fear my prolixity has been tiresome, Barrett's, and at Ridklel's. These waters and therefore hasten to conclude. We will doubtless always retain some degree have made a party for a rural excursion of credit, although the manner of taking to-mortow, that will
, perhaps, atford mats them may perhaps hereafter be some ter for my next letter. Adieu. what varied, Reason, in many cases,
Your's, &c. would seem to prescribe an alteration of the evacuating and bracing systems; but To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, as in all these points the sayest doctors
SIR, the direction of his own medical oracle, I sorocaba be glad if some of your unless, having attained the age of forty, why Dr. Johnson, in his Lives of the he has acquired temerity enough to be- Poets, says, that Joho Ilughes was the son come his own physician.
of a citizen of London, and Ann Burgess; The waters of Cheltenham are from William Shenstone, the son of Thomas their nature eminently calculated to re- Shenstone and Anne Pen; and that lieve those distressing trains of bilious and Mark Akenside's father, Mark, was 4 nervous symptoms that are now become butcher, of the presbyterian sect; hia so prevalent. The fashionable modes of mother's name was Mary Lumsden.” "killing time," in which so many are enga Are we to understand by this, that ged, and the sedentary lives that others are they were not the offspring of marriage? compelled by necessity, or induced by It hath often occurred to me, that the choice, to lead, produce debilitating effects poetical merit of Shenstone and Akenthat assume a thousand hideous shapes, side has been much under-rated by the Relaxation of stomach, and consequent criticism of Johnson. In your Magazine indigestion, is often the origin of those for May lost, appeared some strictures evils; and Cheltenhain water, while it on Shenstone's Pastoral Ballad, with a removes the crude accumulations that op- sneering quotation from Pulwhele, who press the digestive powers, imparts to them must surely have been hard driven to find à degree of strength and tone, that is a rhymne for numby pamby, by instituting speedily diffused through the whole body; the infantile word, lumby. while pleasant walks, charming rides, He cannot pretend that it was done in abd imumerable objects, that interest imitation of Shenstone, since such
nonsense is no where to be found in the With respect to the deceitful words of writings of that celebrated bard; it might Paridel, and those of Corydon, “which be retorted,
flow from the heart," being too much O gentle Polwhele ! sadly push'd for rhyme; alike, I do not think' exactly with him; For thee, the bells must never ring, but chime. but, on the contrary, that they exhibit J. Bannantine objects to the word great proof of the poet's art, in making
imitation so much like nature, whilst it is furnished, in
still apparent to the reader to be only “ My banks they are furnished with bees ;"
imitation. but, I think, improperly; that word is Charles-square, Hoxton, Your's, &c. used in the same sense by some of our July 31, 1809.
J. J. best poets; for instance:
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. She hath directed How I shall take her from her father's
A et .
S your valuable Magazine has been What gold and jewels she is furnished with.
SHAKESPEARE. pbical notices of valuable and remarkable Again,
persons, I judge that the liberty I take “ Ideas, fornis, and intellects,
in sending you some memoirs of the life " Have furnishid out three diff'rent sects." and opinions of the late Dr. Pike will
Prior. not be unacceptable. I once saw an humorous parody on this him, and have often been greatly gratified
In early life I was very intimate with part of Shenstone's Ballad, and which in observing his strong inquisitive turn, produced in my mind what such trivial which was indefatigable in obtaining imitations are intended to produce; my knowledge, and searching for truth. admiration of the charming original His complete liberality, and soft urbanity remained undiminished: a man is not
of manners towards all persons, or parless a man, because mimicked by a sickly ties, was a conspicuous trait in his chadwarf.
racter, and gained him.much attention. “ More charms than my cattle unfold :" Ile was a sedate, modest, virtuous youtlı; this, (with J. B.) I used to think faulty; and in his filial character there are but but am now of a different opinion; for, few like him. In after-life, his extreme on the twentieth of last month, (whilst fondness for obscure retirement removed enjoying that delightful view which an him very much froin the observation, and octagonal seat at the Leasowes in. kind notice, of many who would have scribed,
found great pleasure in his friendship. “ To all friends round the Wrekin,”
In 'those early days, he gave me the
particulars of bis family history; he told affords,) I observed on the lawn before me that his ancestors lived first at Marl. me, bandsome cows, beautiful calves; borough, and then at Lavington, in Wiltand, in the words of Dr. Watts,
shire; that they were country carpenters " the sweet little lambs, for several generations; that they had a Were skipping about by the sides of their small inheritance at Lavington, and lived dams."
comfortably. That his great grandThese cattle troly“unfolded their charms." father went up to London in 1667, and Cattle is not confined to cows and oxen, was engaged for several years
in (as this gentleman seems to think,) but building the city after the great fire: that extends to all tame aniinals not strictly some years afterwards, this great granddomesticated.
father, when repairing some buuses which In his criticism on the words
he bad at Portsmouth, died suddenly, “ Not a brook that is limpid and clear,"
being found by some of his workmen
dead and stiff, in an attitude of prayer, (he says,) they imply that some of his
on his knees, and leaning against a winbrooks were muddy; the fact is, that dow seat. His son remained at Lavingsome of them are so closely shaded with ton, and had a numerous family, one of trees, as to be neither “ limpid nor whom was the late Doctor's father. Dr. clear," and yet not muddy.
Pike's father came to Londou at about I can assure bim, that at the Leasowes the age of twenty. He was already marI saw, in great profusion,
ried, and he soon engaged in business in " Thickets of roses that blow," the parish of St. Ann, Westminster. and from which
His wife died in a short time; and in 1743
he married again to a Miss Baxter, hy " Nightingale may warble their laren."
whom be bad several children. The