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W. TURQUAND, Exchange and Stock Broker, No. 9, st. Michael's Alley, Cornhitt,

JANUARY

NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.

Reviving Winter Month.
In beaded rows if drops now deck the spray,
While Phobus grapts a momentuy ray,
Let but a cloud's broad shadow intervene,

And stiffen'd into genus the drops are seen.
MY notes cespecting the state of the weather, from the 1st to the 13th of January, have

been onisiaid ante loss. In the morning of che 13th, however, I find that the wind, whicle had been westerly, had suddenly changed to the east, and was very cold and piercing. la the night of the 13th there was a hard frost, which continued for several days afterwards. The weather during chis eime was fine, but extremely cold. On the 17th, the rivers were, in some places, frozen over. The wind was southerly in the morning and afternoon of the 18th, but it was again easterly before the close of the day. In the nights of the 18th and 19th, the frost was peculiarly severe. We had some snow in the afternoon of the 22d, but it continued on the ground only the next day. . Although the wind was easterly till the end of the month, a thaw commenced on the 23d, which lasted till the evening of the 27th. The frost again set in, and continued for about three days, when the wind changed, and we had rain.

In the early part of the month a green sand-piper was shot. This is a rare bird in England, particularly in the southern öistricts. It chiefly frequents the lakes and rivulets of mouna Cainous countries, and is seldom seen dear the sea. In several parts of Switzerland, it is said to be a very common bird,

in the Report for March last, I mentioned that a white weasel had several times been seen about the premises of a farm-yard in this neighbourhood e an ermine or white stoat, bas, this month, been shut within a tew miles of the same place. It is cercainly an unusuad circumstance to see these animalş, in their white winter's dress, in a county which lies sa far souch as Hampshire.

January 19th. Redbreasts approach the houses, and are now almose the only birds which are heard to sing. When, liowever, the days are occasionally warruer than usual, the blacha birds and thrushes do not néglect to cheer the gloomy scenery with their song; and I likewise sometimes hear the wittering notes of the wren.

January 18th. The season for sál.mon-fishing commenced with the heginning of the monid; but hitherto only three fish have been caught in our rivers. The first, which

Weig led

weighed seventeen pounds, was on new-year's day; the second weighed twenty poonds; and the third was not quite so large as the first.

January 20th. The catkins of the alder and hazel are nearly ready to burst I this say observed the following plants to be in flower : chickweed, purple dead nettle (lamium parpureum), daisy, and furze.

No addicional quantity of wild-fowl appears to have yet been driven in by the severe weather which we have experienced for the last seven or eight days.

January 24th. In consequence of the surface of the carth having been loosened by the thaw of last night, I this morning remarked that the earth-worms had come out of the ground during the night in great numbers. Some of the pastures were, in particular spots, almost covered with the earth that they liad thrown up.

January 29th. The fower-buds of the Laurustinus are beginning to open in sheltered and warm situations,

January 31st. Of indigenous plants, the following are now in flower: Groundsel (senecia vulgaris) wall-flower, (cbeiranbus fruticulosis) and Dandelion; and in gardens tbe buds of the snow-drop and Hepatica will soon expand cheir petals.

Hampshire. Erratá in our last Report -For " eweret," read « leveret ;" and omit the comma after tha ward leisure, 1. 4 from the end.

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MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. Of the monthly botanical publications, we have not, for some time, had to notice any bot

the Botanical Magazine, and English Borany: all the others, either unable to cope with the difficulties of the times, or from the leisure of their authors being occupied with other pursuits, have been dropped, or at least suspended.

Dr. Smith has lutely published the first part of his Prodromus floræ Græcæ ; and the Lin. néan Society bave published a part of the tenth volume of their Transactions : but of these works we must defer any further notice till another opportunity. The Botanical Magazine for the last month contains :

Yucca gloriosa. Mr. Gawler observes, that this species has been confounded with aloifelia, which is very distinct, and that the Yucca gloriosa of the Botanist's Repository, is really the alorfolio of Linnæus. The synonymy of this plant secms to be very complete.

Iris pumila var. violacea. The purple and yellow varieties of this species have appeared before. In all these three, something generally different from cach other, besides the colour of the flowers, may be observed, which to us leads to a doube whether they may not in reality be distinct species; we are therefore glad to see good figures of all of them in the magazine. Mr. Gawler shows the difficulty of ascertaining the Linncan species; the one here figured is usually-called biflora in the nurseries. The bifiora of Linnæus, according to the synonym from Besler, appears to Mr. Gawler, to be a dwarf variety of the subbiflora of the Butanical Magazine.

Narcissus friandtus var: luteus. As this appears to be precisely the same variety as the one figured in an early tiumber of the magazine, we do not see the reason of sepeating it bere; it cannot have been an oversight, because the former one is quoted. In the two figures however, there is a considerable difference in the length of the nectarium. We have heard a story of this species having been found apparently wild, somewhere in the north of England ; but we have no doubt that this is a mistake.

Mimosa pubescers. This appears to us to be one of the most beautiful figures in the work, ond we doubt not will be selected by many a fair artist to ornament'her fire-skreers and tablus, if the quantity of labour slould not deter her from the undertaking, Nigella orientalis

, Nigella Hispanica. Garidella Nigellastrum, Nigella and Garidella are to nearly allied, that we are glad to see these three plants, which mutually illustrate each other, brought together.

The English Butiny for February, except three species of mint, contains no other plenogamic plant. Mentha gentilis

. The original of the variegated variety, which is so universally cultivated by cittagers, in several counties of England, and usually called Orange Mior. We have found this species in a ditch on Stroud's Green, near Hornsey, and observe the character mentioned by Dr. Smith, of the smoothness of the lower part of the calyx and of the peduncles'tor to be constant, though in some specimens of Mentha gentilis from gardens, it does not appeari to be so.

Mentha arvensis. This figure does not appear at all characteristic of the habit of the plant.

Mencha agrestis of Sole, and considered by Smith, in his Flora Britannica, as a variety of M. arvensis

. The two figures, as here given, are certaiply so much alike, that they can hardiv be supposed to represent two distinct species; but neither of them gives us an idea of Mentka arvensis, as it has usually occurred to our observation.

MONTHLY

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE young wheats have. in most places, experienced a seasonable check by the severity

of ihe frosts in the beginning of the month, and those that were carly sown will probably now turn out good cps.

Most sorts of green crops are pretty much in the same state as in last month, and they will probably not go nearly so far in the support of stock as is commonly the case.

- The ploughing has b en greatly retarded during the last two months, so that much of it will require to be performed in the ensuing month, which must render it a busy season for the teams.

The prices of grain ) ave continued pretty much the same as our last, which is an extremely favorabię circumstance for the country.- Wheat fetches from 78s. to 102s. per quarter ; Rye, 425 to 48s.; Barley, 30s. to 495. ; Oats, 20s. to 25s.

All sorts of stock, both fit and lean, still keep up to their former prices.-Beef fetcher fram 45. 6d. to 6s. pus stone of 81b. ; Mutton, 55. to 65. 6d.; Veal, 58. to 8s.; Pork, Ss. to is.

Good hay rather looks up in the London markets. Hay ferches from 41, to 6l. 10$. ; Clover, 61. to 71. 15s. ; Straw, 11. 15s. to 21. 13s.

The late snows tave done great injury in many places to the sheep, and particularly to the forward Jamts, which are soon destroyed by them.

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119.

METEOROLOGICAL REPORT. (ibservations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of January, 1810, to the 2414 of February 1810, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.W. of St. Paul's. Barometer.

Thermometer. Highest, 30.07. Feb. 21. Wind N.

Higheft, 40°. Feb. 8. Wind South.
Lowest, 28 73. - 13.

W.
Lowest, 159.-21. North,

On the 22d the mer.
On the 11th the Greatest?

cury was as low as 220 Greatest 5 tenths

miercury stood at variation in about 8 in the mornvariation in of an inch. 29-50, and on the 24 hours.

ing, but at same bour 24 hours. 12th at the same

on the 23d it stood at hour it had fallen

33. to 29. Owing to an accident which has occurred by the frost to our rain-gauge, we are unable to give an accurate account of the quantity fallen since our last Report; but from circumstances it is supposed to be about equal to two inches and a half in depth. There has indeed been rain eleven or twelve days during the present month; but the quantity has not been great. The average height of the barometer is nearly the same as it was for the last month, viz. 29:63, and the mean temperature for the month is 36-21. We had a good deal of severe weather between the 11th and 22d inclusive, but obe remainder of the period was in general mild. The wind has been chiefly in the west ; on some days we bad foggy and very dark weather, and we understand, that on one in particular, the darkness was so considerable, as to cause a suspension of business in the middle of the day for an hour or two.

The thermometer has again been as low as 15, this was in the morning of the 21st. It stood at the same degree on the 17th of January; we have heard that on the same day, and at the same hour, in January, a thermometer stood as low as 8° at Camden Town; as, ilow. ever, we noted our's very accurately, we suspect this prodigious difference must have arisen from some sudden evaporation, or other cause, not immediately connected with, or dependent upon, the state of the atmosphere.

Ai Shide, in the Isle of Wight, the average temperature for September, October, No. vember, December, 1809, and for the first twenty-cwo days in January, 1810, was as fol. lows:

September 570. 7
October 48 • 4
November 39 16
December 40 .00

January 39 .00 The quantity of rain fallen at the same place from August to December 31, 1809, was 10-7 inches in depth,

PRICES

PRICES OF STOCKS, from the 26th of JANUARY, to the 22d of FEBRUARY, 1810, both inclusive,

Stock

Long
Ann.

Imper. S per Ct.

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N. B. Ta the 3 per Çeat. Consuls the highest and lowest Prices are given; in the other Stocks, the highest only,

WM. TURQUAND, Stock and Exchange Broker No. 9, St. Michael's Allev, Cornhill.

MAGAZINE

No. 197.]

APRIL 1, 1810.

[4 of Vol. 29.

As long as those who write are ambitious of making Concerts, and of giving their opinions a Maximum of

Infucece and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatest Ered the
Curionty of those who read either for Amusement or Inttruction. -JOHNSON.

IN

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. some have called him Linné, but hitherto SIR,

with litile success. I presume no one N reply to your correspondent in the would wish to anglicize his name into

Monthly Magazine för last month, Linny; and yet that, however ridiculous, p. 123, I beg leave to give my reasons would be the only correct and consistent for continuing to write the name of Lin measure, unless we retain the von, the næus in its original form, rather than de, or the à. Linné. The Swedies did not adopt the I have therefore always used his origiuse of regular surnames till the early nal name, without any design, or surely

part of the last century. When each fa- any suspicion, of slighting the honours - ipily took a name, literary people, in ge- which his sovereign conferred upon him,

neral, chose one derived from Greek or and whichi, I will venture to say, reflected Latin; hence arose the family-names of glory on his royal patron in return. By Mennander, Melander, Solander, Dryan- such a disposal of honours their lustre is der, Aurivillius, Celsius, &c. Some preserved, as in the cases of a Marlbogave a Latin termination to names of rough, a Newton, and a Nelson, from barbarous origin, as Bergius, Retzius, that deterioration to which, from human Afzelius, Browallius; and these became imperfection and error, they are, in their Swedish names, even with that termina- very nature, otherwise prone, but from tion entire. The name of Linnæus was which it is the interest of every good ciin this tatter predicament. Its termi- tizen to guard them. I do not conceive nation therefore is by no means boorish, however, that any one needs to be reor plebeian, or vile, but of classical ori- minded of the various dignities, wheiber gin; and these names have the peculiar courtly or academical, conferred on the felicity of being transferable into any illustrious Suede. His simple name Lin. language without inconvenience, and es- næus recals them all.

We have no ocpecially of entering spontaneously into casion to say the emperor Julius Cæsar, Latin composition. If your correspond- king Henry the 4th of France, Alr. secreent be in the liabit of writing or reading tury Milton, or the right honourable Joseph many scientific books in Latin, he will Addison, Neither is it necessary to say duly appreciate this last consideration. sir Charles Linnæus, or the chevulier de With respect to English writing, as we Linné, to remind us that he was knight mention Titus, and Marcus Aurelius, in of the polar star; and the first person their original orthography, without lol who ever received that honour, equal to lowing the French, who call them Tite the garter with us, for literary merit. I and Marc Auréle; no one has found any must therefore protest against any inters difficulty in making an English word of pretation of an intended slight' in this Linnæus.

case, for my meaning is the very reverse. When this great man became ennobled, I believe the practice followed in Enga I am well aware that, in conformity to land, has decided the conduct of other the court ceremonies of the day, which nations. In Latin he is now always callwere all French, a termination borrowed ed Linnæus, even by the Swedes; and from the language of that people was,.in what is still more striking, the French his case, as in others, adopted, with the now write Linnaus, even in their own strange jumble of a Gothic prefix; and he language. became in Swedish von Linné, as in I presume your correspondent find French de Linné, and in barbarous Latin never a design of recommending for Latin à Linné, No one, that I know of, was composition any thing but Linnæus; and adopted any of these in English ; though I hope he will not hereafter think me MONTHLY Mag. No. 197.

20

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