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shattering it in a most dreadful man. this part of the country. A heavy and ner. On the 16th, we were again visited incessant rain from the east commenced by a violent storm of thunder and light- here on the morning of the 18tli, and ning, accompanied with showers of hail, continued, without intermission til idare which commenced about seven or eight following morning; when the rivers o'clock in the morning, and, with some which environ Carlisle, the Eden, the short intervals of cessation, continued Caldew, and the Peterill, Overflowed till night; the thunder was at times their banks to an extent never befine dreadfully loud, and the lightning very witnessed; and exhibited a scene of disdense and visid. The weather continued tress, of which it is difficult to express very sultry and muist, with much light- an adequate idea. The greatest proportion ning and distant thunder, till the 26th; of destruction was effected by the Calthe remainder was extremely wet and dew, whose mountain-torrent swept away cold, and the mountains in this neigh- every thing hetore.it; cattle and sheep bourhood were completely covered with were carried down by the current, and son.
iminense quantities of grain were swept June.-The heavy rains which oc- away and entirely lost; at times, the food curred at the commencement of this presented the singular appearance of month, caused another considerable in. moring fields of corn; houses were undation here, which was productive of washed down, and furniture of almost much injury to the crops in the low every description floated away; a great grounds; the mountains at this tine nuuber of bridges were destroyed; aawere covered with snow. The weather nufacturing machinery, timber, trees, continued showery and remarkably cold fences, &c. were all carried away in one till the 18th; the remainder was fair and promiscuous ruin. The losses sustained exceedingls pleasant.
by this terrible deluge are incalculable. July. The mean temperature of this October.-The weather during this month (59,35) is unusually low for the month was mild, calın, dry, and pleasant; Season; the weather was dry, and on the and the temperature and density remark whole very favourable for securing the ably equal: such a series of fair and bril hay, On the 26th we had some lightning, liant weather, without frost, as that exand distant thunder.
perienced this month, is in our climate, August. The weather during this in this season of the year, a very uncommonth was excessively wet and gloomy, mon occurrence. The hirundines were which not only impeded the harvest, unusually late in leaving us this season: but was also attended with considerable these birds, were in flecks ou the 27ld of injury to the grain. During the night of last month; after which time none were the 17th, the sky was illuminated with seen till the 15th of this month, whea incessant gleams of lightning.
considerable numbers collected agnia; September. This month, like the last, after this, the numbers decreased gradual was excessively wet: we seldom have ly, the last straxy!ers being seen on the end. witnessed a season more unfavourable November continuer mild and dry, for harvesting the grain than the pre- and remarkal.ly fine, till the 15th; thie Sent; during this, and the last month, rain which fell during this period (seren only eleven of the sixty-one days were weeks) of uninterrupted tine weather, fair. From the 19th of July till the end amounted to only half an inch in depth of this month, the variations of ternpe- After the 15th, the weather was talje mature and density were very trifling; able, and frequently very severe; when the invariable ret weather, and westerly intense frost, snow, sleet, and mild rain, winds, produced a sort of crisis in the occurred in succession. On the 19chi, al nosptiere. Notwithstanding the un. the frost was particularly severe, the commun humidity, the mean leight of average temperature being eight degrees the barometer for this period (29,7 below the freezing point, at which time inches) is only one-tenth of an inch all our mountains were clothed in white. and a smalt fractional part below the December. The weather throughout general mean; yet, excepting a few lwurs the whole of this month, excepting two on the 15th of this month, the mercury, or three inornings of hoar frost, was mild, during those ten weeks, was constantly hunid, and gloomy; and during the below thirty inches. But the principal fornier half of the month, the wind was occurrence to be recorded this south, is often'very violent, and accompanied with one of the most alarming and destructive heavy falls of hail and sleet. On the ipundations that were ever experienced in night of the 14th, we had a dreadful
hurricane from the south; and on the requires experience, judgment, taste, and succeeding night, much vivid lightning. feeling. The barometer, during this month, and
C. I, SMYTH. the latter half of the preceding, was remarkably variable: the vibrations of the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. mercury, at times, was equal to two
SIR, tenths of an inch in an hour. On the
COUR correspondent T. who has morning of the 15th, the barometer
you on the subject of was 28,06 inches, the greatest depres, the scenery of Esthwaite Water, which sion of the mercury that has occurred he improperly terms “ Esthwaite Lake,” since the commenceinent of this register: confines his observations to a few acres it is 1,77 inches below the general of ground, forming but a small portion, mean, and makes the extreme range of and that by no means the most interthe barometer for the last nine years, 2,8 esting, of the country he wishes to bring inches. The mountains in this neighie into general notice. I reside nearly a bourhood were covered with
mile from Esthwaite Water; and I assert nearly the whole of this month.
that the meadows bordering on the water The average of the thermometer and abound with innumerable musquitoes barometer, for the whole year, is nearly during the months of July, August, and equal to the general average; both are a
Septeinber. Their bite is equal in effect small fractional quantity lower. The
to that of the same venomous insect in quantity of rain exceeds that of the ge- the West Indies. Every gentleman near neral average 2,165 inches.
Hawkshead, as well as Mr. llawkrigg, Carlisle, Jan. 3, 1810. W. Pitt.
who rents Strickland Ease, is ready to
bear testimony to the existence of mus. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. quitoes at that place. It is about forty
years since they appeared in the neighSIR,
bourhood of Esthwaite, and it is supN my paper on the Musical Terms posed their eggs were brought in a sugar
used by the ancient Greeks, in your cask from Lancaster. Mr. T. shews last Magazine, is an unfortunate omis- little taste in comparing the peninsula sion in page 122, column 2, line 17.
to Mr. Curwen's retreat at Belle-Isle Tbe sentence, if complete, would run
on Windermere; and he relates a cire thus: “Because so simple an instrument as a bullet, atfixed to a piece Curwen's island, which I have great
cumstance respecting an offer for Mr., of tape graduated into inches, would
reason to believe has not taken place. give the precise time in which a
Field Head, near Hurokshead. I. L. composer intends his movement should he played or sung:”. The little ivory To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. measures used by the ladies, will answer this purpose very we!!: but still better SIR,
N answer to the letter of Mr. Mol. gravity of that metal being greater than that ofivory. I cannot but regret that our month, I beg loave to say, that the ideas old ecclesiastical composers did not trans- in my Essay on Musical Genius and mit down to posterity the precise time Composition originated solely with myin which their grave and truly devotional self. I never saw bis essay entitled compositions (if played in a proper Melody the Soul of Music, nor have I time) ought to be performed. Young ever accidentally heard or read of it. The and inexperienced organists would do assertion that I make an allusion to his well to consult the specimens of various essay in the expression “Body of Music," church-composers, published by Dr. was certainly premature, and to me apCrotch, in his second volume of Speci- pears very ridiculous. If any one of your mens; and pay that deference to his numerous readers should have an opporsound judgment, to which his high tunity of comparing the two compositalents, and the honour conferred upon tions, which I have not at present myhim by a famous university to fill the self, he will much oblige me by declaring chair of their professor of music, so justiy upon examinatio., whether the reseinentitle hiin. Much might be said on blance between them is of so suspicious this subject, if professors were inclined a nature, and the coincidences so striking, to avail themselves of every opportunity as to entitle mine to the appellation of of improvement, instead of thinking they “a literary curiosity." "were already periect," in an art which Great Marlow,
A. B. E.
it the case is made of brass
, the specitic I Nesony in your Magazine for last
PERSONS OF THE PLAY:
for the Monthly Magazine. Edi. Are we not all like children, my HAROLD AND TOSTI,
good uncle ; A Tragedy, in tbret Acts, rieb Chorus. Prone to mistrust and fear whate'er know
not, EDWARD, King of England, afterwards the Too prone perhaps to trust in those we Confessor.
H. Dost thou mistrust me, niece ? TOSTI, sons of Goodwin, late Earl
Edi. Thee, uncle; wherefore?
What hast thou done that should alarm me EDITA, daughter of Tosti.
to it? Minstrels in ibe pay of HAROLD.
H. In troth, I know not. I had misconThe Scene is in the castle of HAROLD, at
ceiv'd thee. Pentaskeworib, in Monmouthshire.
Edi. My father, if I err not, has been Scene.-Tbe vestibule to a long Gorbic ball, wbence !be view extends between pilars over the Jn all this journey thro’the gladden'd realm: wbole room, ai the fartber end of which is He follows with the king? situated ibe minstrel's gallery.
I cannot say.
Edi. How so? is he no longer of the train ? A. THE messenger I sent thee, to an. H. Tosti bas not a brother's love for
Harold. That Edward, from his usual progress swerving, some days ago, at Windsor, Edward menWould grace thy uncle's castle with his
His predecessor, Hardiknut: the Dane, No doubt, arriv't.
Who, as thou know'st, was poison’d by earl Edi. He did; and thy Editha
Osgold, Has strewn the rushes for this royal visit ; Whose wife he had seduc'd. The feeling Even the pomp wont king shall own that
Spoke with warm pity even of the tyrant Magnificent and hospitable mansion
That stood between him and the throne; Desery'd his presence.
but Tosti H. Thank chce, gentle niece; Frown'd bitterly, and gnaw'd his stiftning Thy soft attentions I have long experienc'd, For which my gratitude is all thy gain. Swore he would dip his dagger in the breast Edi. Is not my uncle's love an ample of any man, that to his wife should whisper payment ?
The prayer of wanton lust. I smil'a in scorn. H. Since my Matilda, dying, to these Art thou not pale, Editha ? Wherefore hands
tremble? Consign'd our infant son, thou
Edi. I know the sternness of my father's comfort :
anger; 'Twas thy soft band that wip'd my falling The very picture chills me to the heart : tear;
But 'tis a noble soul that animales Thy voice, thy presence, from these desert His boiling bosom. halls
H. 'Tis a rash, unruly, That chas'd the lonely silence, which my Unpardoning, soul, that dwells in his strong grief
breast. Awhile delighted in, but soon thought irk. It vex'd the king to be so rudely thwarted. some ;
Soon after, when I offer'd him my castle, 'Twas thou, who taught'st a cheerful sun to Thy jealous father started up, and stamp'd; shine
And, with swoln nostril, and a mouth all Upon Pentaskeworth.
foam, Edi. This is over-rating
His rolling eye-balls crimson with his wrath, The weak endeavours of my bounden duty. Burst toward me, and seiz'd nie by the hair, Thou art not gay to-day. Hast seen thy And dash'd me angrily upon the floor, child,
Then left us suddenly. And kiss'd a smile into his rosy face,
Edi. My dear, dear father! Since thy arrival ?
H. Thou weep'st: I too, when anger H. I have clasp'd my darling,
left me, wept And the dear little Siegwin smild upon me; To find a brother could be so unkind. And, at my bidding, first to-day has callid The king, embitter'd that his sacred preHis father " Harold.” Then 1 bade him utter
Check'd not the rage of 'Tosti, doom'd his The name of Tosti; but his foolislı soul
exile ; Shrunk as wih sudden horror from the Resum'd his earldom of Northumberland, sound.
And gave it me. He cried, and strove, and will not smile Edi. You will not take it, sir? again.
H. Patience, Editha ; all masy yet be well, MONTHLY MAG. No. 197.
Princes are pamper'd with such soft obedience, Tosti, there's woe enough in store for thee,
To glut my hatred. I cannot forget hopes That when his wounded pride begins to heal, I love him for it; he seems to know his sire,
brother: At my entreaty, Edward takes again
And feel like him ; but has not learnt as yet Thy father into favour. Edi. Plead with zeal,
To veil abhorrence with the smile of love. Thou wilt be heard. The monarch has a
Minstrels sing, during which EDWARD enters,
and EDITH A returns.
When from his iron throne
Uprears in darken'd air his shield,
And to the shuddering world avail Than my entreaties with our youthful For, Edward, on thy head
'T'is thine to hear with gladden'd soul : monarch, Edi. Shall I, when Edward comes, throw Pour'd the resistless flood of boldness down,
The Nornies, from unmeasur'd stores, at his feet The daughter's woe; with words and tears of The noblest gift of gods. prayer,
When high the tide of tattle flows, Attempt to soothe his soul into forgiveness ; And wice the cloud of carnage lours, And clasp his knees, and plead with him for And on the helmet rings the arrowy hail z mercy?
'Tis chine, among the waves of war,
Deep ia the sea of wounds
Pour'd the resistless flood of boldness dows,
Exulting flaps his wing; Edi. In Goodwin's hall, where Edward The famish'd wolf forbears chanc'd to see tre,
To bay the midnight moon:
O'er steaming heaths of foud.
Three nighes she watch'd to hear
At length in slumber's arm she sank :
But night mares throng around her cousky Would question me if Frea stoop'd from And to her sleeping car heaven,
Bewray her lover's tall. To view her image in that waveless rill.
She wakes to rest no more, H. 'Tis well, sweet niece ; I trust he is Save in pale Hela's lap. unchang'u.
Behold the widow by her once-loy'd hearts Methinks he might be here: he said his In speechless sorrow sit: train
No more she hears, with silent joy, Should tread upon the heel of Harold's Her husband with his sona converse haste.
Of freedom and of fame.
She sinks to endless night! Idi. (aside.) Why do I tremble? Is the Her orphan-children live, coward awe
The bold oppressor's slaves.
How nobly bled the youth.
But long in secret coth shall pine, for thou lov'st Edward to thy uncle's And earlier hide their hoary heads wirbes.
Beneath the clay.cold turf.
Far from the field of fight
Lay it upon those lips, and give it me; Are felt the woes of war.
And I'll believe thy tale, forestall thy Ah! thither turn no more, with ruthless
Find new excuses in my partial breast. To crush the blooms of bliss,
Edi. I have not seen my father since he Thou king of armed men.
left thee; For that has Frea round thy head
But surely that unswerving loyalty Wreath'd the coil of auburn hair ?
To thee, and all our ancient race of kings, For that in sparkling dew
Heir'd from his fathers, has not left his Imbath'd thy nut-brown eye?
breast : For that thy manly form
He fought thy battles once, and still he loves With Balder's beauty stamp'd ?
thee. No ; to the bower of love
H. My liege, restore my brother to your O bend the gentler step,
favor. Beneath whose springing tread
If Harold can forgive him, Edward inay. The flowret sweeter blooms.
Let the entreaties of his daughter move thee. H. With gratitude that meets thy con
Edw. Editha, were thy steps within my In rival strides, my royal lord, be welcome.
halls, Edw. Harold, these stately towers of even There should they wishes be my law of store,
mercy: These sculptur'd ceilings, from their arched I want a tongue, like thine, whose gentle heights
whispers Echoing the voice of warbled miostrelsy, Might temper the emotions of my wrath, 'These pillar'd halls, and velvet canopies, And quench its sudden blazings, when Might move my envy; but that Edward's
It injures the dear friendships of my youth. (Had he such palaces to give) would thus Edi. My lord, thou would'st not that Bestow them.
I should forsake H. Harold wears too many marks
My father's home, forget the ties of duty ? Of Edward's princely soul, and endless
Edw. I know not what I ask: but this I bounty.
wish; Edw. Lovely Editha, hail! why have That some superior spirit from above,
In all the radiance of his heavenly charms, Stray'd for a moment o'er the objects round Would hover round me with a guardian eye,
liidi to warn me, when my husty passions me, When thou art here, their lodestar? Do we Make me forget the monarch. O! Editha,
Such offices of kindness might be thine. not Cast from us with disdain a motley shell,
Edi. Many in Edward's court are Frea's And disregard its shifting rainbow tints,
daughters--When we behold the pearl which it incloses ?
Edw. Since I have seen Editha, other Edi. My lord, you honour me beyond my
Unnotic'd glide before my purged sight, Edv. Below them fur. Upon thy fa- Mere bland illusions that I heed no longer; vour'd head
Like elfen forms, by moonlight rob’d in The virgin goddess sure of love and beauty
beauty, Look’d with benignant smile; o'er hovers thee, That wither into spectres where 'tis day. Clings to thy ev'ry motion, accent, look, Edi. Why dost thou borrow Flattery's ready And moulds them by her own resistless
To throw confusion's crimson veil upon me! Hail, loveliest maid! Upon thy flower-soft Edw. (knecls.) O, had I Balder's form to band
throw before thee, Allow me to exhale the fervent joy
Or Braga's music lurking in my voice, Which thrilis my bosom, now we meet
Or from his golden cap that Hermod pour'd again:
The honey of persuasion on my tongue, Hast thou for me no smile, no look of wel. That I might paint my passion as it glows come?
Within this burning breast, then would'st Edi. How should I wear the glittering
thou hear. robe of joy,
Edi. To virgin cars, my lord, a father's When grief confines my heart? The king's
Should first converse of love.I pray you, Glooms on my fatherI bewail his fate. Edw. Sinile thou, no frown remains on Edw. buc should thy father frown upon Edward's brow.
our union, Thou art the arbitress of Tosti's fortune : Those azure eyes will look e'en him to mildWhate'er thou wilt that I should think of him, That voice alone would win hima : it may add,