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That I shall ever venerate the hero,
This evening then, when the repast is over That I repent of my ungrateful anger,
H. Thy wishes are the law of all my And that the basty hand which snatch'd his
actions. earloma Will double every grant that it resun'd. (King of Slaughter.) Ojin was the war-god At rement wins e’en harshness to forgive- of our northern ancestors. Tosti shall learn to love me. Learn it too. (Nornies) were the Parcæ of Gothic myBefore mine eye had wander'd o'er thy form,
thology. Had nestled in the ringlets of thy hair,
(Night-mares ; or Night-maids, as it should Or barb'd in heaven's mild azure in thy be iranslated) were of the race of elves, and look,
supposed to dispense dreams. There were, whose arms to Edward's wishes (Frea.) The Goths, in the true spirit of op'd
their pure manners, adored Frea, a virgin, as Their ivory portals, and whose glistening the goddess of love and beauty. eye
(Balder) was the handsomest of Odin's Was dewy with desire that he inspir’d, Upon whose panting bosom he reclin'd
(Braga) was god of music and poetry, As in Valhalla. From the hour I viewod
and celebrated the heroes in Valhalla, the thee,
paradise of the dead. Those arms have vainly beckon'd my return,
(Hermod) presided over eloquence. Those eyes elicit no responsive gaze,
(End of the first Act.) Those bosoms heave and flutter unobserv'd.
Edi. My lord, you trouble me, farewell. For the Monthly Maguzine. (HAROLD, wbo,during the interview, comes once On the means of BETTERING the conor twice into the room, wben be sees Edit'HA
DITION of the poor. retiring, comes forward.)
LETTER II. Edw. Yet stay, yet hear, at least look N
back upon me. Wilt thou not grant me, after the repast,
tioned a section of the statute 43 One short half-hour of converse ? Heed my
Elizabeth, which is the basis of our prayer.
system of the poor-laws, and which well She gave me no denial-I may hope
deserves to be mentioned. It is this: And while I spoke, methought her eyes grew
• The churchwardens and overseers, languis,
or the greater part of them, by the leave Closing like evening flowers to chalice dew. of the lord of the manor, whereof any She drew a shorter breath; and wandering waste or common within the parish is blushes,
parcel, and on agreement made with Like northern lights reflected upon snow, him in writing, under his hand and Quiver'd along her bosom.-Harold, come : seal; or otherwise according to any order Thou know'st the forfeit lands of Ulf and to be set down by the justices in sessions, Gamel,
by like leave and agreement of the lord, Whom Tosti in rebellion crush'd and slew;
in writing, under his hand and seal; may They are for thee. H. Monarch, a life of service
build, in fit and convenient places of ha
bitation in such waste or commun, at Will not acquit my debt of gratitude. Edw. A single hour may overpay it all:
the charge of the parish, or otherwise of Make me but heppy in Editha's love. the county or hundred aforesaid, to be H. Think you to halve the throne with rated and gathered in manner as before exTosti's daughter,
pressed, convenient houses of dwelling for Affianc'd as you are?
the said impotent poor.” 43 Eliz. c. ii. $ 5. Edw. Half of my throne
“ Impotent poor” would be construed Were still too little to express my passion ; here, as it has been construed in other Bat England's interests are sacred to me.
instarces, not poor whoily unable to H. What must I do?
maintain themselves, but poor in want Edw. Aid me to bear her hence :
of occasional relief; which almost every And, as thy guest, convey her to my palace: labourer in husbandry, or working maHere she will never yield, while those are nigh
nufacturer, now is. The difficulty is, With whom she has the habis to be virtuous; tively scarce, from the number of
that commons are becoming comparaAr Windsor, half resisted, halí allow'd, I shail obtain my wishes, and forgiveness.
enclosures: and the waste of the manor, H. She may imagine that I journey with which is the only other alternative given you,
by the act, often becomes personal proBut leave me here: let it seem done by perty under the enclosure; or, where it force,
does not, is often inconveniently situated, That she is hurried from me.
botlı for the poor, and in other respects. Adm.
Be it so.
industrious, industrious, is the having a little land of a nosegay composed of those simple adjoining to his cottage, either for a flowers that lie hidden under the liedge putatoe-ground or otherwise, according which skirts his path, and which the to circumstances.
more consequential passenger passes with When political economy was in its in- indifference or contempt. fancy, which is even now far less ad- On leaving the town of Reading, vanced toward its maturity than it through the Forbury, the lofty hills of ought to be, the idea of annexing land to Oxfordshire, and the rich vale divided cottages, for the convenience and come between the two counties of Oxford and fort of the poor, had even then been en- Berks by the bold course of the Thames, tertained; and there was an attempt to present the traveller with a display emisecure it, but by the worst of all possible nent for the variety and beauty of its means-compulsion. The act of legisla- points: and this scene of enchanting ting is like that of government in all its simplicity gathers additional charms from branches; and those who would reign pera' the artificial contrast afforded by the manently, beneficially, or even effectually, massive ruins of the great mitred abbey must take care not to reign too much. of Reading, which lie spread in sullen
The 31st of Eliz. c. vii. having prohi. magnificence along the back-ground. bited cottages to be built for the poor, Toward this splendid wreck the trawithout laying four acres of land tó veller unavoidably turns with curiosity. them at least, it was found that the effect · The building was founded by Henry I. in was, not to obtain land for the poor, but the year 1121, and is said to bave been to prohibit cottages. And as this effect completed in 1124. The mouks were encreased as the value of land en- originally in nunber two hundred, and creased, this act was, with great pru- were of the Benedictine order. Some dence and political' benevolence, at idea of the splendour in which the abbot length repealed, by 15 Geo. III. c. 32. was accustomed to reside, may be (anno 1775;) which very truly set forth formed from the following circumstance: that it had laid the industrious poor In the year 1905, the inonastery was con under great difficulties to procure habi- siderably in debt, and divers retrenchtations, and tended very much to lessen ments were found to be absolutely nepopolation, and in divers other respects cessary; in obedience to this convicwas inconvenient to the labouring part tion, ihe abbot lessened the number of of the nation in general.
his servants, and thenceforward retained It is, I think, apparent, that the oh- only thirty-seven. stacles to the building of habitations for Several parliaments were held in the the poor are such, as to call for an en- great hall of Reading abbey; and many crease of the powers of parishoffi- bishops were consecrated in the abhey cers and magistrates for that purpose. church. It was here likewise that EliHow this might be done with the least zabeth, queen of Edward IV., was first inconvenience to parishes, and with the presented to the people as the consort greatest benefit to the industrious poor, of their sovereign. This ceremony took may perhaps be the subject of a third place at Michaelmas, 1464. The queen letter,
was led through the church by the duke Troston-hall, Jan. 1810. CAPEL Lorrt. of Clarence, and the carl of Warwick.
The chief nobility were ainong the specTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tators; and the Forbury resounded with
Walks in BERKSHIRE,- -No. II. the acclamations of the men of Berkshire. SIR,
On inspection, it will clearly appear IT
T was in the month of October that that the walls of this ancient building
I resumed those walks, to one of were chiefly composed by laying course which you were sa obliging as to give after course of the coating stone; the in. publicity in a recent Number of your terstices being filled with mortar, mixed Álagazine. When I projected an account with small flints. In some instances; of these little excursions, it was with a no layers of coating stone appear to have view of trying whether a detail of such been employed; and then it is supposed, trivial circumstances as present theine boards were used to contine the liquid selves to every pedestrian, even in the wall, till it acquired the consistency circle immediately round home, would necessary for self-dependence. Some not prove interesting, if not instructive; delicete specimens of Saxon taste have as the industrious florist might assured- been discovered on various solid bodies by gratify an intelligent mind by the offer of hard liine-stone, which formerly constituted the mouldings of this august formerly stood on this site, Anne of fabric.
Denmark, queen of James I. was enIt is impossible to contemplate the tertained in a splendid manner by the ponderous ruin, without reflecting on the lord Knolles, then possessor of the contumely with which the memory of estate; and here Charles I. the unfortuthe founder bas been treated. Henry I. Date son of that queen, had an interview died in Normandy; and his body, rudely with his children during that calamitous embalmed, and wrapped, as it is said, in intestine war, in whichi regal severity tanned ox-hides, was brought to Eng- and puritanical deceit, struggled to outdo land in great state. King Stephen met cach other in acts of turbulence and the body at Reading, and assisted in bloodsbed. supporting the bier, when the remains of The modern dwelling of the Palmer the aged sovercign were interred before family, announces the approach of the the high altar in the abbey church.* pedestrian to the village of Sonning. But we are informed by Sandford, that, The situation of this house is peculiarly at the time of the Reformation, the king's happy. The building is seated on an tomb was destroyed, and the bones were eminence, and is surrounded by fantastic contemptuously " thrown out."
ranges of underwood; while the majestic The pedestrian will look in vain for current of the Thames mcandlers at its “ an island near the abbey," on which a base, and regales the eye with a chivalric duel was fought in the reign of thousand sedgy recesses and fairy nooks. Henry II. The course of the river is so The house, however, has lirtle claim entirely altered, that no island is any to approbation. It is ton lofty for its longer perceptible; yet by such a term width, (an error peculiarly offensive in was the spot designated, on which Ro- the construction of a country residence;) bert de Montfort and Henry de Essex and possesses no determinate character, fought, in the year 1163. Henry de either of ancient os modern architecture. Essex was hereditary standard-bearer to If this building should pass to posterity the king of England; and, in an engage- as a specimen of the taste of the age, it ment which Henry II. maintained with appears that one particular ovly-the the Welsh, he was seized with a panic, judicious choice of site-- will obtain apand threw down the standard, on a false plause. The increase of descriptive alarmn of the king's being slain, or taken poetry, and the excellence attained by prisoner. For this act of cowardice he the landscape-painters of the period, was challenged by De Montfort; and an have indeed rendered very goneral a re. “ island near the abbey of Reading” gard for elevated situations. Thus we was named by the king as the place of return, from a principle of taste, to tie combat. The conflict was gallantly sup- mode in use with the very early ages ported by both parties: but at length from a motive of necessity. In days of Essex fell, covered with wounds; and the baronial contention, the founder of a king, concluding that he was slain, gave magnificent abode placed bis frowning the monks permission to inter his body. edifice on the summit of the loftiest bill, But, when taken to the abbey, Essex indifferent to the winds of winter, berevived; and, on his complete recovery cause that spot promised personal sebeing effecteit, be assumed the habit of curity to himself and his ambitious the Benedictine order, and spent the family. When “the union of the roses," reinainder of his days in pious oifices. and the introduction of coinmercial
Numberless rare assemblages of pic. habits, removed all apprehension of turesque scenery will tempt the traveller predatory incursions, our unpolished to pause as he prosecutes his walk along ancestors looked with a listless' or disthe banks of the Thames, towards the dainful eye on the sweetest attractions of village of Sonning; and when be reaches rural nature; and, while they placed the point which faces the noble mansion their mansion in the depth of a valley of Caversham, circumstances of historic impervious to the northern wind, they legend will unite with the charins of na- trinined the fire on the hearth, and tural beauty, to affect his mind with thought themselves the wisest of men, interesting images. In the edifice ulich The day is now arrived, in which a cor
rectness of taste triumphs over the apSpred says, that Henry's queen was in. prehensions prevalent in both these eras terred with him in the collegiate church of of our country; and the painter and the the abbey, and that both the bodies were poet possess the merit of having en. fi peiled and crowned."
couraged such an admiration for nature,
as invariably leads the builder to deem escape from Pontefract castle, and was a coinmand of picturesque scenery the ready to join them at Reacting. A gleam first great requisite in the site of a family of joy, therefore, shone over her solitary mansion.
retreat. The conspiratois inarched from The village of Sonning, which lies on Sonning, and the queen foured forth onthe margin of the Thames, is one of the seasias pravers for their success.
But most agrecable spots that the fancy can her tears were unavailing: Richard was, picture. All is seeming tranquillity and doomed to perish in captivity, and sir Bers repose. The cottages
“of siinplest nard lost his head on the scatfyld; one half form, with corerlets of thatch," are of the country lamenting nim as a marsuficiently numerous to bestos a decided tyr, and the other stigmatising his me. air of rusticity on the general anpearance mory with the opprobrium of treason. of the villave; while many houses of a The Berkshire side of the Thames, more eligible description, in which em- between Sonning and Wargrave, is rebellishment is added to comfort, give plete with beauties not more estimable promise of a rational intercourse, and than they are various. The fertile meaagreeable neighbourhood, to those who dow, an object irresistibly soothing and are happy enough to " husband out life's attractive, taper" in the retirement of this unos
(For green is to the eye, what to the ear tentatious village.
Is harmony, or to the smell the rose,) Sonning was formerly a place of considerable consequence. The bishops of
blends with shady recesses, from which Salisbury held the manor at the time of the prospect is caught only through unthe Conquest; and the manor house expected breaks. But, agreeable as is (which stood at the base of the hill on this bank, tiie pedestrian must ofien stop which Mr. Palmer's modern residence is
to admire the Oxfordshire lills on the built) was for many centuries their oca
opposite side of the river. On the most casional residence. Isabel, the youthful picturesque of these elevations, is scated queen of Richard II. (on whose name, it Shiplake-house, the residence of julio may be remembered, that ill-fated mo
Hanscomh, eng.; and in this retreat, the narch so pathetically called, when he
writer adinits that he has spent so many found himself betrayed to llereford,) limppy hours, that he might well he sus. resided at Sonning, during the melan. pected of partiality, should he indulge in choly period which occurred between the
too ilorid a vein of description. Yet the first imprisonment, and ultimate murder, real beauty of the situation, and the corof the king. Who can walk through
l'ec! taste of the owner, demand at least this retired village without atteinpting to
a passing tribute of praise. retrace the hours of anxiety which were
Shiplake-house was built in the reign there passed by this distressed, and al- of queen Anne, when bvspitality was in most infantile, princess? Torn from its zenith; when," instead of being tanher country and friends, and bereft of talized with a dozen of French dishes, the gaudy crown which was ber only (which no Frenciman, however, would protection, futile indeed must have
renture to taste,) and stared at by as proved all the soothing charins of this maay French servants, dressed bétier sonantic retirement to the unhappy Stead of being dragged out, the moment
than yourself or their own master; inIsabei! The tortures of uncertainty were
you have dined, to take a walk in the added to the oppressive weight of her shrubbery, and wonder at his foretship's ordinary reflections.
A band of con
bad taste, and then frightened away by spiralors, (for so they must be called, the appearance of cards and wax-candles; since the new king was able to retain the instead of tliis ruined luxury, I say, you sceptre,) with sir Bernard Brocas (who were sme to find a ham and fowls, a lies buried in Westminster abbey) al piece of roast beer, or a pigeon-pie, and their head, persuaded the young and
a boule of port-wine, every day in the dethroned queen, that Richard had week; and, if you chose to spend the night
at the house, a war bed and a hearty
welcome.” And, very fortunately, the It appears that the marriage was metely difference of a hundred years has proone of form.
Isabel was not more than duced little alicration in the teinrer of twelve years of age when she arrived in the occupiers of this seat. Though Mr. Es land.
Hanscomb has only whin these few
- Vivid green,
years taken possession of the mansion, belonged to these zealous members of the he may be pronounced a century old in church-militant; but the sculptured ta. hospitality; and never thinks of exhibiting blets, observable in many parts of the bis grounds to a visitur, except in the farm-house, are evidently the fragments morning
of some more costly structure. Yet the grounds dependent on Ship- At no great distance from Burrough lake-house, eminently beautiful. Marslı, a branch of the river Loddon The mansion stands on a lofty will; and enters the Thames: and here is to be the chief prospect is viewed through a seen a piece of military antiquity, which glade, where majestic woodland, devious has hitherto passed entirely unnoticed; interstice, and a back-ground replete though Berkshire bas produced many with all ihe mellow charms of distance, literary men, and has been the subject unite to soothe the feelings, and exalt the of inquiry with several recent topograimagination:
phical writers. I allude to an embank
inent, which is thrown up on each side Warm brown, and black opake, the fore. of the narrow bed of the Loddon, for the ground bears
extent of more than a mile; but which is Conspicuous; sober olive coldly marks contrived in such an angular forin, as to The second distance; thence the third leave a considerable space between the declines
interior of the bank, and the margin of In softer blue; or, less'ning still, is lost the river. There appears every reason In faintest purple."
to suppose that this embankment was Ata small remove from Mr. Iarscomb's, made by the Danes; who, in their is the vicarage-house of Shiplake; á Berkshire devastations, constantly horespectable dwelling that demands the vered on the borders of the Tharies, attention of the traveller, from the cir- and who possibly formed this intrenchcumstance of it having been the residence ment as an artificial haven for the small of the Rev. Mr. Granger, who there vessels which attended their incursions. wrote his Biographical History of Eng. It certainly is not known that any battle land. The vicaiaze is embowered by was fought between the Danes and the trees; and the front windows command English, in the neighbourhood of Waran extensive and agreeable prospect. grave; but, from the success which The walks in the neigubourhood seem crowned the efforts of the invaders at dedicated to solitude and meditation. Reading and Wallivgford, it is unlikely It was through these shades that Gran- that the natives of the county would verger ranıbled, while examining the merits ture to attack the ravagers, in the conof a Plantagenet or a Stuart; and cold paratively strong-hold constructed by indeed must be the bosom that does not them as a place of resource in time of repeat the sigh once heaved on this spot extreme peril. by the historian, as a tribute to those who have long since “ acted their parts," To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, and who live only in the tender fancy of their descendants.
I A farm-house, on a low plot of ground,
HAVE lately been reading the Es.
says on Professional Education of termed Burrough Marsh, near which the Mr. Edgeworth. This work exhipedestrian passes in his way to Wargrave, bits the same peculiar characteristics is worthy of examination. This lone dwelling is supposed to have formerly app-ar to have been the chief stations of the
Reading, Wallingford, and Hungerford, belonged to the knights of St. John of Danes; and it was in the neighbuurhood of Jerasalem. Interspersed in various these three places, that their principal batparts of the building are stones orna- tles with the English were fought. It was mented with grotesque carving; and one probably owing to a surprise from the natives, Jarge room (reported to have been for- that they omitied 10 d-stroy the “ great 'merly a chapel) is wainscoted with oak, barn," at Cholsey, which bears the date of and furnished with fixed oaken seats. 1101, and belonged to that ancient abbey of It is certain, that the knights-iemplars Cholsey; which was destroyed by the Danes had formerly considerable property in before Reading abbey was founded. This Berkshire; and the inilts in the parish of bin (which is accurately described by Gilpin, Bisham vet retain the appellation of the in his Forest Scenery) is above a hundred Temple Mills Burrough Marsh, and yards is leng:h, and is eighteen yards broad.
The roof is supported by cried pillars, and its appendages, may thereforc have the barn contains tour threshing-places.