« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
Doctor was the second, and was born in and here he passed many of his leisure King street, jo September, 1745. His hours, with the books which he carried father died when he was scarcely four thither in his pocket. years old; and when the family affairs When his clerical career commenced, were settled, the widow found herself left I either never learned, or do not rememin very narrow circumstances. This might ber; but he was recommended to his have been fatal to the plan which the bishop by a large and most respectable parents had intended to adopt for their number of clergy, to whom he was well son-but 'genius will force its way. Ilis known. I recollect to have seen his father was one of the first adherents 10 papers, and among the subscribed naines, the methodists, (then a new sect); and were those of Dr. Sumner, the master of had he lived, it would have been his Harrow; Mr. Gibson, a relative of the highest ambition, and dearest delight, to bishop of London; Dr. Burdett, and Dr. have seen his son a flammg methodistical Hill, of Guildford; Dr. Wilson, of Dept. declaimer. But herein he would pro- ford; and an unusual number of others. bably hare been disappointed; for as soon He was well knowo to, and much as the boy began to think, he began to esteemed by, Dr. Secker, the arcibishop'; doubt about their peculiar tenets, to Dr. Terrick, then bishop of London ; hold religious whimsies in dislike, and to and Dr. Thomas, bishop of Winchester; be disgusted with every thing that was with the latter, he had a considerable enthusiastic.
degree of intimacy, and spent many As his mother's finances would not pleasant hours with his lordship in allow her to spare enough for adopting his study, at Chelsea. the plan which her late husband' bad Yet, notwithstanding all this, I think designed for their son, by sending hiin to he did not continue many years in the one of the English universities, she was establishment. He soon began to douht obliged to give him only a private edu- of many things, and strongly to dislike cation. llis first rudiments were re- many others. Ile repented his subscripceived from a very judicious old woman, tion to the articles, and would not, in who taught him to read correctly, and so any account, repeat it. Whether he fitted him for his future school. At five ever undertook any stated clerical duty, years old, he was placed under the care while in the establishment, I know not of a clergyman, who was a friend of his but I should think it likely that he did mother; and before he reached his sixth not. I recollect he was offered a gramyear, he began learning Latin. With this mar-school in the weald of Kent, to which gentleman, who was an excellent clas- two good curacies were annexed; but the sical scholar, he continued ten or twelve water of the place was bad, and he years, no doubt to his great advantage. would not accept the offer. I know he I do not recollect what he has told me of was afterwards' offered a comfortable the intermediate time till 1760; but then rectory, wbich conscience would not be was classical assistant at a considerable allow hia to accept. Seeing, or think. boarding-school at Guildford, and after. ing he saw, great defects in the constiwards at a grammar-school, somewhere tution and daily services of the churchi, in Kent. The natural turn of his mind, he became very uneasy and dissatisfied. led him at this time to critical theology, The more be read, the more he thought; and to medical studies, which might be the more his dilticulties encreased. One called his hobbyhorse. He attended object atier another arðse in his mind, medical lectores in London, during the till at length he was very bitterly emvacations. Ile rose early, and sat up barrassed. He had prejudices hanging late at his studies. He never allowed about bim respecting schism, and was himself an idle hour. Even his walks' therefore nor clear, that to secede from for exercise were usually solitary, and his the chorch was innocent, He was unacpockets were always stulled with books. guainted with dissenters, and thought He was fond of sitting in Catharine-hill that the great majority of them were chapel (a tine piece of ruins near Guild. merely ranting enthusiasts, or rigid calford) where he could be for hours andis vinists, with very few, if any, rational turbed; and afterwards, when in Kent, men among them. His vieirs opened he had some sequestered retirement on but by little and little; and therefore the bank of the Medway, to which he he then thought, Dr. Priestley went too used to find his way through a wood, wide. I have often heard him say, at where there was no path. There he this me, that the state of his mind was could be entirely free from interruptown; sererely painful. But at length, hy the
reasonings of a very intimate friend, the on which he supported his large family, curate of a neighbouring parish, he was with economy, for several years. The freed from his apprehension of guilt in late Dr. Buchan, with whom he was separation; and from that time he de- very intimate, spoke to me with great termined on seceding. Emolument was as respect of his medical abilities, of his nothing to him, when conscience forbad. abłorrence of medical cant and conse“ Go, (said his liberal-minded friend,), quential ignorance, of his disinterested if your conscience cannot be satisfied honesty ; but, said be," he loves to be with us, let not your talents lie idle; too much in the shade, he is too fond of go hear hippis, Price, Farmer, Pickard. a back-ground.” About this time, he Join that body of Christians ; for other had a iempting offer if he would return dissenters will not suit you. Among to the establishment, but his views were them you inay be useful." "He went and not altered, and the offer was made in svas delighted. He sought acquaintance rain. with these gentlemen, and an intimacy Al length, a most infamous and bitter commenced with them, which lasied persecution was commenced against hira, many years; more especially with Dis by a set of the vilest miscreants on earth, Kippis. That gentleman's great urbanity acting in a large confederacy. This and friendship, afforded him one of his compelled him, with a broken spirit, at greatest pleasures. He now decidedly the aye of sixty, to quit a comfortable renounced the establishment; and the situation, and all his connections. Nofirst time he preached among the disa body knew to what part he retired. senters, was for Dr. Kippis, in March, Sonie said to Holland, others to Ireland, 1777. He, after this, became intimately others to Yorkshire. But I think they acquainted with all those London minise were all mistaken, and that he went ters who were called presbyterian, and westward; for in the spring of 1805, I saw all their pulpits were occasionally open him from my window, at Bridport; and a to him.
short time after, I saw him again at At this time, he kept a boarding-school Exeter, purchasing a horse. As I judged in London ; but about the year 1779, he that I might hurt his feelings, if he removed it to Stoke Newington, and wished for concealment, I did not speak soon after to Falmonton. When there, to hiin; and from that time I knew 10 ke inarried a Miss Gregory, the daughter more of him, till I read his death in the of a Rirsia merchant, deceased, by daily papers; I suppose beiween two and whom he has since had a very large three years ago. family. In a few years he gave up bis I greatly pitied his undeserved suffer school to her brother, bimself acceping ings, for I know him to have been a very an invitation to a congregation some valuable and worthy man; unassuming in where in the west, through the medium his disposition, bland in his manners, of Dr. Savage. But whether lie found and strict in moral principle. As a son, things disagreeable there I caunot say, a husband, a father, and a minister, he for his stay in that part was not long. commanded esteem. Ilis heart was He returned to the mcuopolio. Here is truly friendly, and he was sympathy itself avaio a break in the inforu.ation I can towards all kinds of distress; ever ready give, as I then lest England for near five to reader any kindness, or make any years. At iny return, in 1791, he was sacritice, to assist or sooth the sorrowful. practising medicine in London, (and a I could tell such instances of this kind, must intuitive and able physician he as are very rarely to be met with, but was.) I suppose bis diploma was from they would lengthen this narrative too Scotland, or America. llow long he much. Perhaps I may give them in Continued the practice of that profession Sonę future letier, I know not; but as his own health was Ile was an able, classical scholar; a always tender, he could not then lear good biblical critic, a very pleasing poet, residence in town, and therefore lived at and dcep read from his youth in medical a little distance. I suppose he was never lure, which was his peculiar delight. extensively known as a physician. He But none but his immediate and very could not push bimself into notice. lle intimate friends could know all this; for bated all little arts. And as he spent le mare no display of his knowledge or but a few hours daily in town, that cir- talents; and rather seemed to ain'at con. cumstance was against hiin. Norer- cealment. I have some sweet picces of theless, when he declined practice, he his poetry by me, which I may sometime bad acquired sojne comfortable property, transcribe and send you. As a preacher,
he was clear, in his instruction, and pow. suited by the prudence of Moses, as a wise les erfully impressive. There is a sermon gislator, to the Jewish people at that time, against drunkenness, in a volume which 7. That the story of Balaam's ass was only he published many years ago, which is an impressive dream of the prophet, but peethe most masterly thing of the kind that haps under divine' direction. I have ever seen.
8. That the books which compose the saHe was always candid and kind to cred volume, having been written at very dif. people of every creed ; not believing, sions, may sometimes be difficult to be under
fernt times, and upon very different occathat any human opinions can make the stood, but that no part of scripture has a dousinallest difference in our allotments ble or hidden meaning. bereafter; unless it be such as are pre 9. That the psalms were written by sevejudicial to morals bere. He would smile ral persons, and on particular occasions. at honest enthusiasm, and what he That the sublimest devotion, and all the termed religious whimsy; but he was de beauties of fine writing, are to be found in cidedly hostile to, and zealous against, them. But he denied them any inspiration, all thuse systems of divinity which he except it be what is called poetical inspirathought represent the Creator in an tion. That no one of them can be found unamiable light, or which lead to moral wholly applicable to the Messiah; and that, depravity.
therefore, (notwithstanding what Jews or of opinion; it is probable, that as he was ference to Jesus Christ. The passage in
When young, he had some peculiarities Christians may have thought to the contrary,) a thinking man, he might either drop Luke xxiv. 44, " and in the Psalms," he some of them, or adopt more as he grew thought he could prove to be an interpolaolder. From former couversations with tion. him, and from what I have since heard, 10. That what are called types in the Old I have reason to think, that, though he Testament, were never intended as such ; but did not lightly adopt any peculiarity of are only fanciful applications by the Jews and sentiment, he held the following opinions: Christians.
1. That the inspiration of scripture was 11. That the Canticles were merely love. partial only; for that divine inspiration was poems ; admirable indeed for their tender not necessary to dictate the narration of beauties. That they were not written by Sofacts, or those historical books which appear lomon, but by some one of his courtiers ; and to be extracts from the Jewish registers. that they were placed in the sacred canon, by
2. That the Mosaic account of the fall of Ezra, to please the Jews, and in compliment man is probably allegorical; but if not, that to their favourite Soloidon. in that, and the History of Creation, the 12. That the book of Jonah is probably a facts were collected by Muses from tradition ; Jewish legend, like that of Tobit. That our and embellished in a way something like the Lord's notice of it, did not establish the machinery of poetry, by the fancy of the facts in it; but only spake to the general writer. it could not be supposed, (he would belief, and current opinion, of the Jews. say) that God actually walked in the garden, The impossibility of a man being so long and chose the cool of the day, as if he could in the stomach of an animal, where he be affected hy heat. Many other similar could not oreathe, and must have been ground matters he considered as embellishment. to chyle, he thought an insurmountable ob
3. That Adam was asleep when Eve was jection. That it was miraculous, was not tu placed by him; and that he had dreamed she be supposed; because miracles were not was taken out of his side.
wrought, but for some weighty reasons, and 4. That there is no proof that Abel killed to answer some great ends; but no such reahis cattle for sacrifice ; but that it is more sons or ends are apparent.lf, therefore, the probablc, he only brought them on a day ap- narrative be true, he supposed there must pointed for solein worship by his father, and have been some hill near the shore, compresented them before the Lord, as a grateful monly called the Great Fish, perhaps from acknowledgment; and, perhaps, poured out a
some resemblance in its form, (as the long libation of the milk or cream, which Dr. P. hill between Guildford and Farnham is called thought is mistranslated, fat.
the Hog's Back), and that under or in this 5. That human sacrifices were not uncom hill was a cavern, where Jonah might be mon prior to the days of Abraham; and that confined for the whole time mentioned. But having them familiar to his mind, by report, he judged the former supposition the most he dreamed he was commanded to sacrifice probable. his son, which supposed command, judging
13. Tlat history atfords the best comment the dream to be divinely impressed on his on the writings of the prophets; for that mind, he hastened to obey.
though there are many clear predictions re6. That the ceremonial part of the Jewish specting the Messiah, given, no doubt, by the law, Kc, was not given by God, but only highest inspiratiun; yet, that many other
passages, supposed by some to be such also, tice of multitudes of Christians, it is idolatry have nothing to do with that subject, but only to worship as God any being except the Great relate to other persons and things.
Spirit, the Father of all. That our Lord never 14. That the book of Job is a poetica) al. ordered divine worship to be paid to himself, legory, founded chiefly on some ancient facts, and that he is not the right object thereof, buc embellished by the macbinery of poetry; and only the Great Universai Parent. that it was written by Moses.
26. That in the present state of the Chris. 15. That the bodies of Adam and Eve tian church, ignorant, uneducated ministers were treated mortal by nature, and that the are its disgrace, and never truly useful. That sentence of death passed on them related to a distinct order, carefully educated and sepathe death of the soul.
rated from secular employmenis, is absolutely 16. That the inspiration of the New Tes. necessary for promoting the true understandtament is partial also. That there was no ing of the gospel. Nevertheless such an ordoubt a superintendancy, according to the pro- der is not divinely appointed, and any one mnise of our Lord, to bring all necessary facts, who understands Christianity may teach it: proper to be recorded, to the remembrance of any Christiani may baptize another; and any The writers, but that there is no proof of any number of Christians may celebrate the Lord's thing more.
Supper, either with or without a clergyman. 17. That it is an injury to the Christian 27. That baptism of infants is absurd, because, to assert more authority than can be cause they cannot repent or believe : and that proved. That its internal evidence is abun in the baptism of adults, it is immaterial in dantly sufficient to prove its divine origin. what way the water is applied, whether by That the discourses and parables of our Lord immersion, pouring, or sprinkling. are so infinitely superior to any thing else in I believe Dr. Pike held most, if not the world, that they prove divine wisdom to all, of these sentiments. He was, perhave been given to him in abundance, be- haps, a Christian sui generis; yet he cause he spake as never man before him spake certainly never einbraced a novel notion
18. That the orthodox doctrines of the without deep thought, and what appearTrinity, the divinity of Jesus, original sin, the imputation of Christ's righteousness, his vi-ed to him to be substantial reasons. carial satisfaction, unconditional personal elec
Before I conclude, I must mention tion and reprobation, irresistible grace, ne. further, that I am in possession of some cessary final perseverance, and the eternity of letters, and other old papers, by which hell cornents, were not in his Bible. it seems to me, that I know more of his
19. That to suppose the Great Father of fainily and descent than he ever appeared all, furious and severe, till Jesus made him to know himself, as he never mentioned propitious, is contrary to the plain declara- his ancestors beyond his great-grandfations of the apostles, as well as to reason. ther. 20. That ihere cannot be guilt in mistaken
John Picus, the celebrated Earl opinions; and that to suppose God will punish his creatures for these, is forming most of Mirandula, á lordship in Italy, who unworthy notions of the Great and Gracious was a very remarkable man in the fif. Father of all.
teenth century, and whose life was partly 21., That Christianity is entirely a moral translated from the Italian by a Thomas system, sanctioned by future rewards and More, (I suppose Sir Thoinas,) could trace punishments.
his descent on the paternal side, from a ne22. That the wicked and impenitent will phew of the Einperor Constantine. Be hereafter be punished, according, and in pro: that as it may, he was born anno 1463, portion, to their guilt, and then will be put and during his youth was most remarkaout of being.
ble for his intenre application to his stů. 93. That the second death, and t.e destruc- nies, and rapid acquisition of all learntion, so frequently men ioned in the scripturé, is the extini tion of a wicked soul; and ing. He was not entirely prodent in the eternal life the great prize and gift of God to government of his inclinations, for, (as the righteous.
my papers say) before he was twenty 24. I hat the whole body which is laid into years old, he had a son by a young lady, the earth is not to arise, but only the original to whom, it was behered, he was private stamina, which had been expanded by adven-. ly married, notwithstanding he was in. Litious sourishment. That the matter of this tended for priesthood. She died, and pourishment will be leit behind, and that the the marriage was never owned. Soon real original body will be expanded, and after, there appeared a wonderful change made, perhaps, as subtle as light itselt, and in his disposition and conduct. He forhiled with a glorivua splendour, if the final sook all splendour and voluptuousness, allotment be happiness.
and became a rigid religionist, according 25. Thui, not withstanding the corrupt prac. to the notions of those days. Tie burned NUSTHLY Mac. No. 194.
many amorous poems and sonnets, chants from Guzerat, Surat, Joynagur, which he had before composed, and de- Dehly, Benares, Allahabad, Lucknow, voted himself, for the remainder of his and Furrakabad, are those who cbiefly life, to the study of the Scriptures and the resort to Punnal for that express puro Fathers of the Church. Having arge es- pose. They employ workmen to dig for tates he was very liberal to the poor ; and them, at the rate of five rupees per three years before his death, he sold most month, over whom guards, belonging to of his estates, and gave away the pro- the rajah, are stationed, in order to asduce to necessitous people, that he might certain the precise number found, and to free himself from every incumbrance. appraise their value. One-fourth of their He reserved only enough for his own bare worth is given to the rajah, either in mo. comfortable subsistence in his retirement. ney or kind; the residue is left to the He adhered firmly to the Romish com- merchants for their own benefit. For munion, and punished himself with con- all, however, superior in price to 30,000 tinual penances, which were then thought rupees, the rajah gives the merchant oncmeritorious. At length he died near fourth, and keeps the stones himself. Florence, in 1494.
These gems are usually found about I learn from my papers, that the son eighteen inches from the surface, at six above-mentioned, was afterwards brought feet deep, and at twenty-four feet deep, to England; and, after many changes of amidst a rough, coarse, honey-combed, fortune, and much difficulty to subsist, browo stone, or gravelly substance, callesi be engaged himself with a carpenter at khakroo, mixed with a dusky red argilla, Marlborough, in Wiltshire, and followed ceous earth, like ochre, but both so hard that trade during the rest of his life. I that the miner cannot sometimes excabelieve his death is to be found in the vate a foot square during a whole day. register of that town), about the year Where there is no khakroo, they are .1565. He left several sons, one of whom not to be met with; of this khakroo, followed his business.
when burnt, is made liwe. From hence There is such a coincidence of circum- it should seem, that this concretion is the stances in this little history, and Dr. matrix of their generation. When no Pike'o account of his family, that I can- khakroo is discovered at twenty-four feet, vot but think these were his ancestors. the miner desists from delving lower. And if so, his descent was what the Round their pits they leave arches, wide world calls a great one. But he would enough for two people to traverse. From not have set any value on this, if he had the mines the earth is hoisted in baskets, known it, for no man ever held mere and then rinced and sisted. When diaaristocracy in more complete contemps monds are amongst it, their crystals than he.
amit a lustre, by which they are presently I have endeavoured to do some little discerned, and easily distinguished. Those justice to departed merit. Perbaps I jewels which are of a larger size, or finer have exceeded proper bounds: I there than common, the rajah (as above menfore hasten to conclude.
tioned) reserves for his own wear, or disYour's, &c.
W. B. poses of himself to the more considerable Chapter Coffee-house, Sept. 1809. merchants.
Diamonds are said to have been disFor the Monthly Magazine. covered within this district not more than ACCOUNT of the DIAMOND MINES in the sixty years ago, (and like most other exPROVINCE OF BUNDELOUND ; from ne..traordinary discoveries) by accident. GLADWIN'S MISCELLANY, published at Children were casually seen playing with CALCUTTA.
some rough stones, by a lapidary, whe LAMONDS are found within the chanced to come to Punnah from Be(the capital of the province of Bundel- jah the nature and value of them, who eund, distant about 130 miles to the caused the earth to be explored accord. south-westward of Allahabad,) and to ingly, and they were found near the fola the extent of twenty-four miles in the di- lowing villages, Rangpore, Mujgawan, rections of east, north, and west, from Chowperrah, Berrejepore, Etvawah, the precincts of that city; it is a Hindoo Jowhurpore, Manikpore, and Cowahko. territory, governed by a rajah.
Noge are found in the vicinity of Chat-, Any person, foreigner or native, may terpore, a town about thirty miles north. search for diamonds within his domi- westerly of Pannah, as has been erro. pions without let or molestation, Mer, negusly supposed.