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Inquiry into the origin, early signs, practical branches of the law and phynature, causes, and cure, of hydrothorax, sic, British politics, and indeed all pua with several interesting cases.

litics of the day, shall be deemed prohia Mr. Charles A. Elton has in the bited subjects. The purchase of phie press, in a foolscap 8vo volume, Tales losophical instruments, and patronizing of Romance, with other poems.

lectures on philosophical subjects, furna Mr. SAMLEL PROut will shortly pub- part of the plan of this society. The lish the first number of the Relies of subscription is fixed at one guinea por Antiquity, or Remains of Ancient Struc- annum for ordinary members, and ile tures, with other vestiges of early times last Monday in March is appointed for in Great Britain, etched from drawings the annual general meeting of the society. by himself, and accompanied with de A new edition, revised, corrected, and scriptive sketches.

enlarged, of the Pocket Encyclopædia, or Mr. F. W. L. STOCKDALE is about to Miscellaneous Selections of Useful knowpublish a series of etchings, in imitation ledge; originally compiled by Mr: Guy, of the original sketches, from picturesque of the Military College, Marlow, is presubjects in the county of Kent, with paring for the press, and will be pube explanatory descriptions.

lished with all convenient speed. It will Mr. STEPHEN Pasquier has issued be illustrated with engravings, and with propusals for publishing in a quarto references to the best printed autho. volume, with copper-plates, engraved by rities. means of the author's newly-invented Mr. PEACOCK, the classical author of a machines and tools, a new system, called poem on the Ruins of Palmyra, has a new Neography, in which he has attempted work in a state of great forwardness, it is to sinplify and bring to one comin.on a lyrical poen in two parts, entitled The sandard, all the various inodes of writing Genius of the Thames. and printing, used among the several A Gazetteer of England and Wales, hy nations of the earth, with a view to assist Tuomas l'otts, closely printed in octavo, cornmerce, facilitate correspondence, will shortly be published, illustrated by and open an easier intercourse to the maps. difusion of knowledge, the fine arts, and A new edition of the Ambulator, in civilisation.

a Tour twenty-five miles round London, A Literary and Philosophical Society is preparing for the press. Any correcbas just been established in the populous tions, additions, or hints for its improvevillage of Hackney. It consists of three ment, will be received by the publisher. cia-s, none of which is liinited: 1. Ora Mr. Byerley (the translator of dinary members who contribute to the Machiavelli's Prince, is preparing for fanus, enjoy the use of the books, &c. the press a novel, in three large 2. Honorary members, consisting of such volumes, under the title of " The White gentlemen whose association may reflect Ladies, or Memoirs of the Ingram Fahonour on the society, and whose opi- mily, a Worcestershire story.” He is gion of the labours of its members may also editing, “ Letters from India," being be such as to impress them with sen- the genuine correspondence of a family timents of respect for this mark of regard, of high rauk at Calcutta, with their 3. Those whose attachment to literature relations in England, from. 1805 to 1809; may entitle them, to become members, embellished with a view of Calcutta, bat whose finances would prevent their from a drawing by IMOFFAIT. Bosh che contributing to the subscriptions for the above works will be published on the 1st sopport of the society. To these last, of June next. the library will he open gratis. It is The Rev. ILENRY Rowe, rector of intended that the meetings on Tuesday Ringshall, Suffolk, a lineal descendant evenings shall be principally occupied of the celebrated poet of that name, las by literary conversations, and reading in the press, Fables in Verse, in one large soch papers on scientific or literary sub octaso volume, embellished with thirty jects, as the sociely may be favoured beautiful engravings in wood. with. The subjects for conversation, A volume of Tales, original and trans. or books for the library, iire to compre- lated, from the Spanish, illustrated with hend the mathematics, natural philosophy eight wood engravings, will soon make its and history, chemistry, polite literature, appearance. antiqnities, civil history, biography, In the press and speedily will be puh. questions of gencral law and policy, lished the third part of Mr. Craby's PreCommerce, and the arts; but religion, the coptor and his Pupils; containing an eryMUXTILY Mac, No. 197.

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mological and analytical elucidation of nance. For one of the species of cruelty synonymous words in the English lan- towards brute animals, existing in this guage. --Also a new edition of his Ger- town, (we mean the overloading of care man and English Dialogues; and of Ex- ters' borses) the law has provided a tracts from the best German Authors for remedy. All that your coisiittee, Translating into Englisli.

therefore, judge to be needful for the Mr. PARKINSON has withdrawn the removal of this evil, is the due enforceIntroduction to the knowledge of Fossils, ment of the law. The sense of shame announced at the end of the first volume may, they think, be turned to good of Organic Remains of a Former World, account in the service of this society. considering its publication as entirely su- A man may be perfectly indifferent to perceded by Mr. Martin's excellent the sufferings of brute animals, who may, systematic outlines of the same subject. nevertheless, dread that the public -The third volume of Organic Remains should talk of his cruelty. Your comis in considerable forwardness.

mittee propose, therefore, that a comA correspondent of the Philosophical mittee be 'appointed for the purpose of Journal states, that camphor is contained enquiring into reported cases of cruelty, in considerable proportion in the seeds of and of publishing the accounts of thein carraway: 1lh, of seed yielding about 4 (when the facts are well established) in ounces of oil, and 1 an ounce of cam. the papers of the day. They recomphor.

mend that your statements should wear About twelve months ago, several · an official form; the credit which they meetings of the gentlemen of the town would receive would be proportioned, of and neighbourhood of Bradford, in conrse, to the opinion entertained by the Yorkshire, whose sentiments were fa- public of your reporting committee. vourable to the promotion of science, Cases of a most flagitious nature might resolved to form themselves into á occasionally occur, in which it might be society, to be called the “Literary and advisable to publish the names of the Philosophical Society of Bradford,” and parties: in general, however, your comadopted rules for its government. Suit- mittee think that this step would not be able apartinents have been procured; requisite. — Judividual discountenance and a small, though valuable, collection may be manifested in different ways: in of books in various branches of natural every mode in which such discounteBristory and philosophy, has been pur. nance can be given by you, severally, to clased.

acts of cruelty, in every such mode do A society has been lately formed at your committee recommend that it be Liverpool, for preventing wanton cruelty shewn. But what they would particuto brute animals. At their first general Jarly recommend to you at this time, as meeting they appointed a comınittee to applying an especial remedy to particular prepare an account of the objects of the evils which they have in view, is discounsociety, and of the modes which they tenance in the way of trade. There are might deem best fitted to secure the some tradesmen, as your committee accomplishment of those objects; and think, whose very gain is derived from this committee accordingly presented a brute animals, who are frequently of report, of which the following is the habitually careless respecting ihe suffersubstance: " The great object of the ings of their beasts; and of some of whan society is, to meliorate the state of brute it may be said, that the misery of the animals, by preventing those sufferings beasts subjected to them, is almost a which they unnecessarily experience at necessary result of their peculiar mode of the hand of man. Your committee conducting their business. Your comjudge that you may aim to accomplish mittee suggest to you, in your individual this object in two ways: 1. By the capacities, that where you bare occasion exercise of coercion with respect to to employ tradesmen of such classes, those who are guilty of cruelty to brute the consideration of the manner in animals; 2. By the diffusion of sucha wbich different individuals among them principles and feelings as shall be in- treat their beasts, should have great compatible with the existence of that weight with you in your decision, as to spirit whence cruelty to animals origin which of those tradesmen you emplos. nates. The coercion exercised may be They think too, that where fair occasions of three sorts; that of the laws, that of occur, the ground of preference should shaone, and that of individual discountc- be distinctly stated; otherwise that con

In your


nexion may not be observed between the may the more effectually betray. They offence and the consequence, the obser- propose also, that, in aniinadverting on vation of which is necessary to the the abuses which may be brought to socuring of its full operation to your con- light around you, you should not confine duct. The abuses which have appeared your remarks to the poor. The duty to to your committee to be most prevalent be tender to the interior creatures, they. in this town, and to call for the most hold to be obligatory on men of every immediate attention, and to which they rank; and a rich man, who wantonly would apply some of the above.stated abuses his power over a brute animal, principles of redress, are those practised ought, they conceive, the more especiby carters and by butchers. Concern. ally to be an object of censure, because, ing carters, they have told you that they his example may operate the more mean, at the close of this report, largely as a supposed warrant. to subunit to you a resolution. The individual capacities, they would recomcruelties of butchers are displayed, mend to you, that you should expel the chiefly when they are driving their beasts spirit of cruelty altogether from your into or through ine town. One of your houses; that you should especially allow committee saw a sheep with one of its none of those practices to exist within horns torn out of the socket, stated toy the the range of your influence, by which populace to have been beaten or brute aninmis are made to suffer pain, wrested out by the driver. The prac- eiiber for the mere amusement of men, tice of cutting ihe heel-tendons of sleep or for the gratification of a pampered before they enter the town, in order that luxury. Lastly, they recommend it to the drivers may have less trouble with you, both individually and collectively, them in passing through the streets (a that in pursuing the objects of your practice, the alleged necessity for which association, you should display the greatwould be reinoved by the employing of a est steadiness and calınness; especially larger number of drivers) is, your com. that you should, in every instance, be ou mittee have reason to believe, by no the surest grounds convinced of the ineans uncommon. Such things call, as existence of an evil, before you prefer a they conceive, for the marked animad- complaint. There is such a thing as version of those who are desirous to internperance in benevolence; and the Jessen the sufferings of brute animals; virtue may be degradeci in the public and, in their present uncertainty of the estimation, and rendered fruitless in its disposition of the law as to such prac- efforts, by a union with precipitancy of tices, your committee do strongly recom- judgment. Whilist they hope that the mend it to the individuals of this society, members of this society will keep theme to shew their disapprobation of those selves alive to the objects of the associawho perpetrate or authorise them, by tion, and omit no rational and manly withholding from them their support in mode of promoting those objects, they the way of trade. -- The other part also express the hope that no plan may of their plan, viz. the diffusion of such a be adopted which may carry with it a spirit as should be incompatible with frittering of exertion, and which may the spirit of cruelty to animals, might be justly subject the society to any portion effecied loy publishing, in a cheap form, of that reproach which inany may, at the books inculcating principles of gentleness first hearing, be disposed to affix to it towards the brute part of the creation. the reproach of being frivolous and vexaIn this mode, they conceive that great tious. good might be done, especially by the

RUSSIA. influence produced on the ininds of the Several marbles, with Slavonic inscripyoung.-li appears especially desirable, tions, were discovered in 1792, among That whilst you set forth to the public a the ruins of Phanagoria. These inscripdefinition of your objects, you should tins stated, that a Russian prince, also give some pledge as to the spirit of Clied of Tinukrorakan, had caused the your future proceedings. They would extent of the Cimmerian Bosphorus to propose, therefore, that you should, from be measured in 1003. On this occasion, the very beginning, disclaiin all those count Mussin Puschkin published, in mean and deceptious arts, by which men 1794, Historical Researches on the often gain intelligence; all encourage. geographical situation of the principality ment to eaves-droppers, to creeping of Tmuktorakan. Alexei Nicolai Ole. enquirers, to men ulo wear the sem- nin, counsellor of state, las published blance of friendship in order that they a leller on the same subject, addressed

to the count, in which he describes, travelling barometer, which was highly among others, five manuscripts of Nes. approved. Dr. Schultes bas recently in tor, the most ancient historian of Russia. vented a new instrument of this descripSWEDEN.

tion, which may be placed horizontally, The king has not only repealed the or vertically, without suffering the air to prohibition to import French and Danish penetrate into the interior cavity. books, but also restored the liberty of the M. LAMPADIUS, of Freiberg, bas dispress, on condition that the publisher covered a method of condensing vapours shall give up the name and address of any in distillation, more rapidly than has yet obnoxious work; in which case the for. been done. This is accomplished hy mer is released from all responsibility. means of a disk, attached to the tube of GERMANY.

the still, which has the figure of a lens The catalogue of books which ap- flattened as much as possible, and is peared at the last Easter fair at Leipsic, made of copper. It produces a much includes in the whole two thousand artis better effect than the wornis hitherto cles, among which are one hundred and employed for that purpose. twenty eight novels, fifty theatrical M. GEITNER has, by the aid of various pieces, and between three and four substances, extracted from the green hundred translations.

shells of horse-chesnuts very beautiful A German author, in a work lately yellow and brown colours, and the latter published, states the following curious in the greatest diversity of hues. They fact:-A person having an artificial may- are found to stand both on woollens and pet suspended frotn the wall of his study, silks, though the stuffs have been wetted with a piece of iron adhering to it, re- and wrung out, and some of them even marked, for several years, that the flies washed in caustic liquids. in the room, though they frequently CRISTOPHER HEEREN, organ-buildalighted on other iron articles, never er, at Gottesbühren, in Westphalia, has settled on the artificial magnet; and even invented a loom, which performs all the that, if any of those insects approached operations of itself. Without the interit, they again in a moment removed to vention of the weaver, it sets the some distance. “It is worth the trou- trcadies in motion, throws the shuttle, ble," says professor Voigt, who repeats and stops it at the opposite side ; loosens this circumstance in his journal," to the web, when a certain portion is make further observations on this pheno- finished, and winds the cloth upon the menon; and were it confirined, magne. axle. Every thing is kept in proper tised iron might be employed to preserve order; and the piece of stuff, when it from being soiled by flies, and perhaps finished, is smoothed. An index, also for other purposes."

attached to the machine, shows at any The Austrian government has lately time the number of ells that are woven. proposed the following prize-questions, This machine has as yet only been exbia relative to substitutes for various foreign bited on a small scale to connoisseurs, articles in the materia medica. 1. and has obtained the highest approWhat indigenous or European produc- bation. tions, distinguished by specific effects, Many ladies of Münich have learned may be substituted for those now brought to knit without needles. The inventor froin India? 2. A substitute for cam- of this art is M. Neliisex, a native of phor, 5. A substitute for Peruvian bark. the county of Limbury, who teaches it 4. What species of plants may replace himself in the Bavarian capiral. It is, senna, jalap, and ipecacuanha. 5. A however, yet very imperfect; as, by this substitute for opium.-lhe prize for method, they can only knit breadthwise, each question is five hundred ducats. and not circularly.

For the inquisitive traveller, a baro #1. ROCKSTROR, of Berlin, has in. meter is an instrument of the highest vented a machine for cutting paper necessity, as it is not only serviceable for straight, with any kind of scissars, which meteorological observations, but also for is likely to be of use to men of business. Incasuring heights in the countries We have already noticed the experi. through which he passes. The common ments of M. Decev, of Vienna, to raise barometers are unfit for this purpose, as himself into the air. As his weight the weight of the quicksilver would break escceded the power of the machinery the glass tubes in the carriaye. For with which he effected this, by thirty-four this reason, M. de Luc, of Göttingen, pounds, he conceived the idea of com: * considerable time since, cootrised á bining with it an air-balloon, imagining


that, by means of the latter, he could be probably possesses fewer materials of the supported in the air, and at the same former circle of Franconia: but it is postime have it sufficiently under his con- sible that the grand duke of Wüitzburg mand. The experiments which lie made may have furnished information, to with it, towards the conclusion of last extend the topographical knowledge of year, in the Prater, before a numerous those countries. Of Swabia and Upper cmpany, were completely successful. Austria, the geographical bureau at Paris, He flew at pleasure in all directions; has a beautiful manuscript map. Bavaraised and lowered himself; and the bal- ria has been surveyed for soinetime; and loon followed him spontaneously which the inap of the Tyrol is already engraved ever way he turned. The diaineter of and sold at Paris. In respect to sustria the latter was nineteen feet five inches. alone, the materials are perhaps rather After deducting the weight of Degeni and scanty, as the French lave remained his flying-machine, the balloon possessed there too short a time to undertake exa power equal to thirty-two pounds.

teusive measurements. It is concluded, While the Prussian states were occu- that this large and complete map will be pied by French troops, the Academy of given to the public, from the circuiuSciences at Berlin lost many of the stance that Suabia has already been treasures of art which it possessed, and engraved at Paris. which it was obliged to cede to the mu- M. von Hamner, a skilful orientalist, seums of Paris. As some compensation, and forinerly agent of the Austrian gothe French goverument intends to send it vernment, in Moldavia, has lately been casts of all the antiques at Paris, taken sent to Paris to claim the restitution of a off with care.

great part of the Hebrew, Arabic, and The successes of the French armies, Persian manuscripts, taken en masse from and their long residence in Germany, the imperial library of Vienna, last sumhave procured them an advantage which mer; M. Denon having given assurances, they formerly dispensed with in their that only such should be kept as were viciories, but of which they will not fail not to be found in the imperial library as to avail theinselves in their future military Paris. enterprizes. They have put them in A remarkably large parabolic lens was possession of a map of Germany, sur. recently purchased at Vienna, for the passing all its predecessors in perfection French government. It was made at and accuracy.

Flanover was surveved Gratz, in Styria, by Rospinè, a celeby Epaillu, chef de bataillon, immediately brated mechanist, for some alchemists. afier its occupation by the corps of It was not cast, hut softened by heat, and Mortier. In Brandenburg and Silesia, bent over a parabolic mould. Several the French had two year's time to collect pieces were broken before he succeeded; the requisite topographical information; so that it cost originally from 800 to 1200 and it is not improbable, that the beauti- guineas. It is three feet three inches in ful inaps of several provinces, drawn up diameter, and of eight fece fuur inches by order of the Prussian government, focus; composed of two pieces of glass have fallen into their hands; as their united together by an iron hoop, so as to entrance into Berlin was so sudden, that form a bollow vessel, capable of holding a great quantity of important papers and eighty or ninety quarts of spirit of wine. valuable effects could not be secreted. M. JACQUIN, of Vienna, and several Saxony caused a portion of its states to men of science, who witnessed the expebe surreyed every year: at the request riments, declare, that it burned a dia of the French government, the work has mond in a few seconds, and !used platina been for some years accelerated; and the in a few minutes. A button of placourt of Dresden has made such commu- tina, weighing twenty-nine grains, was nications as were required. It is be- melted by it, and inade in part to boil. lieveil, that the saine has been done by The diameter of the fucus does not Denmark, in regard to the duchy of appear to exceed four lines. It weighis Holstein, and perhaps of the whole Cim- 550lbs. avoirdupoise. brian peninsula.

The French government has caused not only the northern. In the vestibule of the publie library of most provitices of Germany to the North Grenoble, have been placed ihe busts of Sea and Balric, but likewise the counties the nine dauphins who reigned in Dauof Stolberg, and the duchies of Weimar, phiné. Coburg, Meinungen, Ildburghausen, Dr. Louis VALENTIN, meniber of the etc. tu be surseyed by engineers. It Academy and Medical Society of Mar.



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