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Isege : Political economy had ever been with honourable family in Scotland; and, after rebima a most favoured study, and few men ceiving a very liberal education at Edinburgh, were better acquainted with that interesting was sent to London to study medicine under shject. Hospitable, without ostentation, the care of his kinsman, the late ingenious Bis table was ever the resort of the best-ins and learned Dr. Miller, who was at that time farmed and most worthy members of society, physician to the Westminster Dispensary. On and few ever left it without gaining some his studies being completed, he passed his ex. useful knowledge from his conversation; his amination for an assistant surgeoncy in the arddress was polite, agreeable, and engaging. Foot Guarde ; but, from a desire to travel, preTo him the settlement are indebted for the ferred that of the 29th regiment, which he frast introduction of ice, as well as for many joined at Chatham on the 26th of February of its most useful and ornamental improve. 1776, and immediateiy embarked with it for ments. In private life Mr. Roebuck was re- the relief of Quebec. With the troops from spected, esteemed, and beloved; the repeated Ireland the 29th regiment continues in purtestimonies he has received from government, suit of the enemy up the river St. Laurence; kis honourable employers, and from public who, in attempting to cut off the British at corporations and societies, will best bespeak Trois Rivieres on the 8th of June, expethe value of this most lamented member of rienced a complete defeat. In October, desociety.
tachments of the regiment were ordered on In the Island of Antigua, of the yellow fe- board the ships at Fort St. lohn, destined to ver, captain Francis Smith, commander of his act against the American feet, consisting of majesty's sloop of war St. Christopher's. He 17 top-said vessels, on Lake Champlain, unwas a very promising young officer, and his der the command of General Arnold. On death is universally regretted by his brother this occasion, Mr. Reide was embarkrd afficers and acquaintance.
on board the Inflexible, commanded by · At Messina, Thomas Dickson Reide, esq. captain (now admiral) Shank, whose of the 21st, or Royal North British Regiment friendship and esteem he enjoyed to the of Fazileers, and Major of Brigade to his Bri- end of his days. [Furtber particulars quill be tangic Majesty's Forces in the island of Sici- given in our nex..] ly. He was descended from an ancient and
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT.
TRADE AND MANUFACTURE.S.By accounts from Manchester, Birmingham, and some other of the principal manufacturing towns, we learn that the different branches of industry cultivated there, appear in a more tiourishing state than they have been for some months past. At Manchester in particular, immense purchases of cotton twist have been made, in consequence of which, sonie houses have sent out new lists, at a rise of Ss. per bundle. Since the infiuence of French oppression on the continent, many articles are not to be Aad in this country at any price, which had previously been imported in abundance from Holland and Germany; among others are stone pencils for writing on slates. A quarry has, however, been discovered by a gentleman of Kendal, in the most mountainous district in Westmore land, where an inexhaustible supply of that article is manufactured, of a quality superior to any commonly in use. The gentleman has invented a machine for eacting these pencils in * circular form, which is done in a surprisingly expeditious manner. The general aspect of trade in the metropolis is, we are sorry to state, far from encouraging; no less than five houses in the city have stopped payment in one day; some of them were heavily engaged in the Ruse sian trade, and it is supposed that these failed in hemp speculations. At Liverpool the mei. cantile world has also been alarmed by the unexpectent stoppage of an eminent hous".
EAST INDIES AND CHINA.-The following are the market prices of the principal articles of oriental merchandise :-Ottea: bohea, 1s 9d. to 2s. ; singlo and twankay, Ss. 64. to 3s. 9d.; congou, 3s. 28. to 3s. 10d. ; souchong, Ss. 88. to s. 98.; pekoe, 48. to 15. 6d. ; hyson, fine, 5s. 100. per lh. (no higher price quoted). East India sugar, 41, to 41. 155. per cwt. Ditto cotton, 1$. 3d. to 1s. 6d. per 1b. Ditco cochineal, 6s. to 8s. Indigo, (copper) 4s. 6d. to 43. 94.; ditty (copper and purple), 69. 6d. to 10s.; and ditto (blue and purple), 118, to 12s 6d. Opium, 11. 63. to 11. 8s. Rhubarb, 1s. 10d. to 9s. per 1b. Saltpeule (rough), SI. 18s. to Sl. 198. per cwt. Raw silk, (China), 38s, to 423. Sd.; ditto, (Bengal), 245, to 32s, per lb. Hemp, 651. to 751. per ton. Turmerick, 51. 10s. to 81. per ewe. On the 5th and 6th of March, the following goods were sold by auction, un account of the East India Company: (Company's duties to be paid.) 15:34 tons salt petre, refraction 51, 6, 64, 104, 105, and 15%, per cent. 75s. to 80s. per cwt. Rags and trash, all at 701. 4540 bales Surat cottonwool, 12d. to 13 d. per lb.; 194 bales and 18 bags ditto, damaged, 414. to 113d. per ib.
(private trade). 278 bales cotton wool, 1144. to 1944. per lb. (privilege). 8786 bales of Sur.E cotton wool, 103. to 12 d.; 129 bales ditto, 1351. to 15 d.; 716 biles and 98 bags dito, damaged, 13 d. to 3d.; and 7 bags ditto, sweepings, * per Ib. There have been some arriva.s within the current month; the cargoes of the vessels have not yet beea publishes, but they shall appear in our next report.
NORTH AMERICA.--No change for the better has taken place in the commercial reguisDines of the North American government since our last. lhe non intercourse act has ticea confirmed; tut still zive clandestine trade is successfully carried on. Tarlow is Jull of whe bath in the London and Liverpool marbets. Tar fetches t: um 11. 185. tu 21. per barre la Pach, from 1.5s, to los. per cut. There is little, if any, American fig irun in our marketin Carolina rice sells at prices from 11, ts. to 11. 95. black rosin, is om 19s 6d. to 215. ; yellow ditto, from 151. to 175. 6d. per <wt. Linseed, (a good article in the Irish market), from 41. 35 to 41. 10s, pur Ib. Maryland tubacco of sundry qualities, from 5d. to 16d. per la Virgizia di to, from 9d to lid. Wax, from 151. 1js. to 1.11. 10s. per cwt. Georgia cottoawoul, from 1s. 60. to 4s. 70.; New Orleans ditto, from 15. 61. to 1s. 8d. per Ib. Americas vak, from 131. to 171.; ditto plank, from 111. 10s. to 151. Fine, tiom 81. to 9 guineas plank, from 111. 10s. to 151. per last.
SOUTH AMERICA. It has frequently been represented to government, by the merchants, that Great Britain miglic derive infinite benefic, by permitting a free exportation of cotton. A Eleeting lately took place between the Board of Trade and a deputation from the merchants t.org to the Brasils, on this subject, when government came to the deternaination e aming licences for the free exportation of it to all ports and places nat declared in a state of berkade, under this regulation the licences will exiend to the north of the Ems. The abud.tion of those restrictions laid upon trade by the government of Buenos Ayres, has had a seaSidle effect upon British manufactures; and, we are happy to learn, that many regular tradera have given orders to the manufacturers for assortments of goods suited to the market sincerely hope, that crude and blind speculation will nut again deprive dhe Suuth American merchant of his harvest. Buenos Ayres tallow has fallen in price, it now fetches from 31 135. to 31. 14s. per cwt. Brazil rice, from 11. 18. to 11. 5s, 6d. per cwt.; the quality of this article is indifferent. Brazil tobacco (roll), 93. to 10d.; ditto, (leaf), 5d. to ud, per ib. Brazilian deer-skins, in the hair, from Gs. to 12s. per skin. Jesuit's burk, quill, 3s. 61. to 114 ditto, red, 22s. to 948. 91.; ditto, yellow, is to 8s. per lb. Garuled cuchincal, 91. to 21. 46 per lo Brazil wood, 831. to 851. sier ton. Brazilletto, 2:31. to 24. 10s.
WESE IN DIES, – The Order of Cçuncil alluded so in cur last report, under this head, was published in the gazette of the 20th of February; it bears the date ut 7th of the said month. The purport of this order is, to prolong to the 1st of December next, the allowance contained in the Orders of Council of the 12th of April and 16:h of August, 1809, and 10th of January, 1810, for the importation into the West India islands o' staves, lumber, live stock, and provesions (excepting beef, pork, and butter), by neutral vessels; and, empowering tre governors & the several islands, farther to extend the period of such importation till the 1st of December, 1811, or till six months after the signing of a definitive treaty of peace. Raw sugars are in a complete state of stagnation, owing to the distillery bill. The prices asked are: for Antigua, Barbacoes, Tobago, and St. Lucia, 51. 16s. to 41. 55.; and for Jamaica, Grenada, and Duminica, 31. 185. to 41. 6s. per cut. Coffees are very flat, but not inaterially lower since Par last; the fine fetches from 61. 155. to 71. 55.; the good, from 61. 53. to GL. 158. ; the middiing, from 6l. to 61.5s.; and the ordinary, from 41. 10s. to 61. 55. per cwt Rum keeps una conmonly dull, and common Leewards for the Canada market are aloce enquired for; the nar. ket price of Jamaica rum varies from 4s. 44 to 6s. 4d. per gailon; Leeward istands, from 3s. 10% to 4s. 6d. Logwood is looking up; the chipt, sells at from 281. to 301. per ton; the price of the unchipt is uncertain. Barbadoes aloes, fetch from 301. to 30 guincas per cwt. Cottonwool of different islands, from 1s. 3d. to 25. and upwarus per lh. Jamaica mahogany, frown Is. 6d. to 23. 24. per foor. Pimento, 1s. 11d. to 25. per Ib. Jamaica tustick, 21. to 431. 30€. per ton. Jamaica ginger, (white), 5 guineas to 91.; dicto, (nlach), 31. 185. 1o 41. 6s. per cwt.
HOLLAND. The following is a copy of a new Dutch Decree, which in the first article doubles the duties on all colonial goods. The reservation in the second article refers to former decree, by which, colonial produce taken by pavateers, is permitted to be sold, om payment of a very low duty. Their combined object seeius to be to restrain regular foreiga trade, and to encourage privateering.
Decree of tbe &rh of February, 1810. “1. The duties fized by the turist of our cuscoros, un colonial merchandize, in which are included drugs, spices, and generally the productions of the [wo indies; when er tl.ey come froin prizes, from seizores, or srom other confiscations, or even if they enter in virtue of our authority-ate doubled.
"2 Nothing in the preceding ar icle sh 11 be understood to change, in any respect, our DeSite of the ist instant, relative to the gouds and muchahuis: Grug som hips captured by
the French privateers
, and brought into foreign ports, the transport and admission of which into France we shall authorize."
IRELAND.-We feel peculiar satisfaction in stating, that the distillers of this country, who, for some time past, have suffered severely by the prohibitory regulations relative to distilla. tion from grain, are now permitted to resume their occupation in consequence of the recent rspeal of that regulation. We learn, with pleasure, that the two grand marts o the sister kingdom, (Dublin ar.d Cork) enjoy a thriving trade. The West India speculations of the Dublin merchants turn out uncomu
ommonly fortunate. Provisions are somewhat lower in prile since our last quotations: mess beef, fetches from 71. to 71. 5s. And pork, Irum 5l. 15s. to 5l. 18s. per barrel Batter, Barlow, 51. 69. to 51. 10.; ruse, Cork, 41. 1.is, 10 51.; Waterford, 41. 108. tu 51. ; Limerick, 41. 15s. to 41. 18s ; and Dublin, 11. 195. to 51. 153.
Prices or Canal, Dock, Fire-office, Water Works, &c &c. 19th February, 1810 - London Dock Srock, 1341. per cent.-West India dittu, 1801, ditto.--East India ditto, 135l. dittoCommercial ditto, 901. per stare premium-- (irand Junction Canal, 2471. per share.-Grand Surry ditto, 891. ditto-Kennet and Avon ditto, 481. ditto -- Wilts and Berks ditto, 591. ditto.
Huddersneld ditto, 421. ditto.--Lancaster ditto, 261. ditto-lordon ditto, 5.1. ditto Imperial Fire Insurance, 751. ditto.-Globe Fire and Lite digo, 1981. dit10.-Albion ditto, 601. ditto. ---Rock Life Assurance, 6s. per share, premium.---East London Water Works, 931). per share.-West Middlesex ditto, 1421. ditto.South London dicto, 1521. ditto -Kent ditto 35l. per share premium.-- London Institution, 841. per share. Ac che Oilice of Messrs. Wolfe and Co. Canal, Dock, and Stock Brokers, No. 9, Change Alley, Curnhill
The average prices of Navigable Canal Property, Dock Stock, Fire-office Shares, &c. in March, 1810, (to the 26th) at the Ofñce of Mr. Scott, 28, New Bridge street, London -Grand Junction, 2161..Monmouthshire, 31. per share half yearly 1361 Swansea, 1101 Leeds and Liverpool, 1881.--Kennet and Avon, 481.-Wilts and Berks, 531. 521. 195.Huddersfield, 421.-Dudley, 481. 10s.-Rochdale, 471.-Peak Forrest, 661.-Ellesmere, 801. -Lancaster, 241. 10s. to 261.-Grand Surrey, 821.-West India Dock Stock at 1821. per cent -East indiaditto, 1351.-London Dock, 1341.-Commercial ditto, 901 premium, ex dividend. Globe Assurance, 1981.--Portsmouth and Farlington dittu, 411 premium, with new subscription attached. -Thames and Medway, 421. to 441. premium.--Ashby-de-la-Zouch, 24. 10s. Strand Bridge, 21 per cent. discount.
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Amsterdas., 2 Us. 31 6
9 14 Hamburgh,
28 10 Altona,
28 11 Paris, I diy date.. 19 10 Ditto 2 Le.
19 14 Bourdeaux,
195 Legharn Geno.
+2 Lisbon Oportos...
654 Riv Janeiro
3.3 Gibreltar. Dublin work
Wm. TuXQUAND, Exchange and Stock Broker, No. 9, St. Michael's Allev, Cornhill,
MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. THE Botanical Magazine for the last month contains:
Crocus serotinus. An autumnal Aowering species, approaching the sativus, or cultivated saffron, or perhaps still nearer to nudiflorus of English botany; with which last it seems to have been confounded by Dr. Smith. This plant was well known to the older botanists, but has not been noticed by any modern writer berore Mr. Salisbury published an account of it in the Paradisus Londinensis ; in whose garden at Mill-hill, formerly belonging to Peter Collinson, it has for many years maintained its ground under a south wall, and continues Rowering in a mild season to December. Native of Portugal; and growing on rocks not far from the sea-coast, where Clusius discovered it. Found also by Pallas, in the Crimea.
To this article Mr. Gawler has added a note on the Gladiolus imbricatus of Linnæus, which from well-preserved specimens in the Pallasian Herbarium, now in the possession of Mr. Lambert, he finds to be the same with G. segerum, of the Botanical Magazine. He remarks that this species, both in its globular seeds and fenestrate interstices between the claws of the petals, has a nearer affinity with Antholyza than with Gladiolus.
Aponogeton angustifolium, a species first distinguished from distachyon, in the Hortus Kewensis. It is a water plant, and a native of the Cape of Good Hope.
Lachenalia orchioides (X). This variety appears to be so different from the one before figured, that most botanists, we apprehend, would have considered them as distinct.
Alöe mitreformis. This is one of the most beautiful of the aloe tribe,
Diosma speciosa. This species is very nearly allied to uniflera; indeed it appears from the synonimy to have been considered by the ablese botanists as the same, a specimen of it occurring in the Banksian Herbarium onder the latter name. As cultivated in our gardens, they appear however to be distinct in their manner of growth, as well as number of Aowers ; or if varieties, the one named by Dr. Sims speciosa, is by far the handsomest and must worthy of cultivation.
Lomatia silaifolia. Native of New Holland. This genus is made out of Dr. Smith's Embothrium, by Mr. Brown, from whose paper on the Proteacez the name and characters are borrowed. Mr. Brown has the reputation, and we believe very deservedly, of being one of the ablest botanists of the present day. He is attached more to the system of Jussieu than of Linnæus, for which we would rather applaud Chan condemn him. The greater dis; ficulties which impede the study of the natural affinities of plants, lead to a more philosophical enquiry into vegetable physiology, than the study of mere artificial arrangement can ever do. At the same time we would strenuously recommend to every student in botany, whether he means to devote himself to the study of the natural orders as displayed by Jussieu, or of the more artificial arrangement of Linneus, to make himself thorğughly master of the Philosophia Botanica of the latter author. He will there learn to express himself with a mathematical precision, which lie will never acquire from the writings of Jussieu ; who always seems to be wilder himself in exceptions to general rules, by which means nothing is accurately defined We are led to these reflections by considering Mr. Brown's specific character of Lomatia silaifolia, in which he says " racemis divisis simplicitasve," by which it appears that the racemes are either divided or simple, consequently this circumstance affords no character that can enter into a definition, and ought therefore to have been excluded. If the racemes are usually divided, thouzlı not in all instances, in default of a more precise character "sæpius divisis," though an imperfect, would have been an admissible character; but to speak of them as indifferently divided, or simple, is to give no character at all.
We were rather struck with an observation of Dr. Sims's, that in these plants, meaning we suppose in the natural order of Proteaceæ, it might as well be said that the flowers have neither calyx nor corolla, but only scamens currounding the pistil. Certainly in far the greater number of tirem the parts called by Linnæus corolla, by Jussieu calyx, have the appearance of variously expanded filaments, and as they bear the anthers in depressions of their sule stance, we do not see why they should not be considered as such. In some genera however, in this natural order, che anchers are supported on filaments which are inserted into the calyx or corolla, whichever it is to be called, and in one instance into the receptacle distinct fruin the corolla. The remark of Dr. Sims does not therefore appear to apply to the whole Datural order, but may nevertheless be worthy of consideration.
Cynaochum discolor. A North American species, of late introduction, which, as Dr. Sims observes, is nearly allied to carolinense and suberosun, but, as he apprehends, is distinct from both. May it not, by the hye, be the Cynanchum birtum of Linnæus ?
Dillwynia obovota. The papilionaceous decandrous plants of New Holland seem to be a very numerous family: many of them are very beautiful, and in this respect the present species will yield to few; its habit is so remarkable by the leaves growing in purs alternately in an opposite direction, that we can but wonder the name of decussata was not applied to this plant. We do not recollect another ins:ance of such a liabit in this patural order.
English Butiny for March contains:
Hieracium maculatum ; formerly considered by Dr. Smith as a variety of Hieracium muroruni, and more lately as one of H. sylvaticum. Brought from Westmoreland by Mr. Crowe to his garden in Norwich, from wbence " is has established itself in wie neighbourhood, spreading extensively by seed."
Hieraciom denticulatum. In the Flora Britannica, Dr. Smith gave this as the H. prenantboides of Villars, which he now discovers from Dauphiny speciinens, that it is not. It is bere observed that the difficulties relating to this genus are not yet all removed. We gracefully accept every illustration of it.
Carex davalliana. This too was considered by Dr. Smith, in his Flora Britannica, as a variety of C. divica; from which he now says it is abundantly distinguished by its tufted, not creeping, roo's, its rough stem, longer spikes, and long reflexed strongly-ribbed seed-corers, roughish only, not serrated, at the angles.
Carex clandestina. A very small species, which has not yet been olsserved any whaie bat abouc St. Vincent's rock Bristol hot-wells, growing in very sunny spots.
NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.
As loosened from the cold embrace of death.
rain, and some fine weather. The 1st, 2d, and 3d, were extremely heavy and uncomfortable days, the wind blowing from the south west, and bringing along with it a continued drizzling rain. On the 5th, the wind changed to the north-east; and about noon of the following day the weather cleared up for a few hours. The whole of the 13th was squally, with occasional gleams of sunshine : the wind, which was south-west, was piercingly cold. The 14th was a fine day; but in the night the wind became easterly: and on the 15th we had a heavy fall of snow, which inelted almost as soon as it was upon the ground. The weather was very cold, but there was no frost until the ensuing night. The snow continued for three or four days; and particularly on the 17th, it was deeper than it is usually known to be in the immediate neighbourhood of the sea-coast. Fium ile 18th almost to the end of the month, both the wind and weather were variable. The former on the 18th was westerly, on the 19th south-east, on the 20th and 21st easterly, on the 22d west, and on the 230 south-west. The frost continued till about the 24th,
February oth. The common or green woodpecker (ficus viridis) makes its harsh cry; and the woodlarks and blockbirds sing.
Coitsfoot (Tussilago farfara), Ivy-leaved veronica (Vironica bederdfolia) and barren strawberry (Fragaria sterilis) are in flower.
February 8th. A great number of the seven-spotted-lady-bugs (Coccinella septempunctata) were this day remarked to be crawling about the shrubs in warm and sheltered gardens, These insects, which constitute the famous German remedy for the tooth-ach, collect together during the winter in numbers from ten or twelve to sometimes fifty or sixty; and thus, in nearly a torpid state, endure, without injury, the utmost severity of the cold. Their larvæ or grubs are extremely useful in destroying various kinds of aphides or plant-lice, which, in the spring of the year, infest our vegetables, and they are themselves great favorites in every country where they are known. The different names by which they are called, are singular and unaccountable. Amongst the common people in scveral parts of Hampshire they have the denomination of God Almighty's cows ; and in other parts of England of lady, bugs, lady.cows, and cow-ladies. In France they are called bête-à-dieu, vache-à-dieu, and bête de la-vierge.
On February 13th, the peacock butterfly, and brimstone butterfly, (papilio Yo, and papilio Rhamni) were both observed in flight.
The saimon which passed up the rivers in the autumn, in order to deposit their spawn, are now returning to the sea.
February 14th. The catkins of the hazel are putting forth their stamina. The yew-tree, and procumbent speedwell, (veronica agrestis) are in flower.
February 19th." Rooks, and several species of small birds, heyin ta pair. The chaffinch sings.
February 24th. The leaves of the common clder, garden-rose, and lilac, begin to appear ; and those of the cuckoo-pint (arum maculatum) and cleavers, or goose-grass (galium aparene) are now out of the ground,
During the warm weather towards the end of the month, several of the early spring insects were seen crawling and Nying about.
A gentleman informed me, that he and one of his servants had been surprised at the appearance of a martin, which they observed in flight. This is earlier, by nearly two months, than the usual time of arrival of any of the species of hirundines.
February 27th. The partridges are beginning to pair. The king-doves coo; and domestic pigcons have young ones.
The gooseberry-trees are in flower; and the fower.buds of the Michaelmas peaches ass Dearly ready to burst open.