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MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE cold easterly winds and sharp frosty nights that have prevailed during the greatest

part of the month, have continued favourable in checking the over luxuriant state of the early sown young wheat crops, and kept back vegetation in geoeral in a considerable degree.

The weather continuing mostly fair, the operations of this busy month have been carried on with great alertness ; and a vast extent of team, as well as other labour, has been performed, which will probably make good the deficiencies of the last month, in these respects,

The winter fodder of different kinds has beld out better than was expected some time back, in consequence of the season being so remarkably open, both in the beginning and since.

The grain stock, probably froni the large importacions from the continent, continues to hold out better than was supposed about the close of the barvest, and at more reasonable prices. In the corn market, the fluctuations in the prices have not, since our last, been much.- Wheat fetches from 68s. to 806. per quarter; superfine 104s. to 1088. Rye, 409. o 5:25. ; Barley, S0s. to 48s.; Oats, 22s. to 305.

The fattening stock, both in the stalls and other modes, have been publied on with 10lerable success, buc still continue high in price. Sheep in many instances have not gone on so well as the meat cattle stock, mutton keeps of course high in price. In Smithfield market the prices were on the last market day.-Beet fetches from 46. 84. to 6s. per stone of 8lb. ; Mutton, 4s. 8d. to 6s. ; Veal, 5s. to 7s. ; Pork, 5s, to 7s.

The ewe stock has in general lambed down pretty favourably from the season being mostly pretty mild and suitable for them ; though late dropped lambs have in many places suffered considerably.

Hay keeps pretty well up to its price in the different markets, and fotches from 41. 10s. to 61. 10.; Straw, 21. to 31. 3s. ; Clover, 61. 10s. to 71. 10s.

Observations on the State of the Weather, from the 24th of February 1810 to the
34th of March 1810, inclusive, Four Miles N.N.iv. of St. Paul's..

Highest, 29-7. Feb. 28. March 22. Wind W. Highest, 56o. March 9. Wind S. W.
Lowest, 28:55. March 6. Wind East.

Lowest, 289. 18. N. E.

The thermometer, In the middle of Greatest

early in the morning of

Greatest the day, March 9,

the 12th inst. stood ac variation in 5-tencbs the mercury was aí variation in 12°.

50°, and on the next 24 hours. 28.9 & at the same 24 hours.

day at the same hour it hour on the 10th it

was no higher than $89 had risen to 29-4. The quantity of rain fallen since our last Report, is equal to nearly two inches in depth. This all fell toward the beginning of the mouth: some slight showers occurred about the middle of it, but during the last twelve days it has been perfectly fair weather ; and from the 17th to the 24th inclusive, the days were remarkably brilliant, scarcely a cloud intervening from morning to evening. The heaviest snow that we have experienced during the winter, fell on the 6th of March: the thermometer during the whole fall being several degrees above the freezing point, it could not lay long, and on the following day the rain was as abundant as the snow had been heavy. The wind has been variable, but during the last fortnight it has blown from the easterly points, and from those points we way expect it for some weeks to come. Vegetation fortunately, is not so forward as to be injured by the bleak breezes, nor by the frosts which have occurred, and which may still be expected. The average temperature for the month is 42.952 : and the mean height of the barometer is 29.3.

ERRATA IN LAST MONTH's NUMBER.-Page 108, col. 2, 1.5, for decided, read divided. -P. 115, col. 1. 1. 24, for statement, read document.-P. 134, col. 2, 1. St, for Edinburgh, read cdition of

TO CORRESPONDENTS. A communication having some time ago appeared in the Monthly Magazine of December 1, 1806, reflecting on the members of King's college, of Aberdeen, in regard to the management of their BURSARIES, the Editor feels it his duty to state, that he finds, on satisfactory infor. mation, that it contained an unfounded calumny on that learned and respectable body. He thinks it therefore an act of justice to make this explanation.


PRICES OF STOCKS, from the 238 of FEBRUARY to the 24th of MARCH, both inclusid.

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Feb. 23


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Mar. 1.

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615 15.

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681 17.

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684 21.

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N. B. In the 8 per Cent. Consuls the highest and lowest Prices are given; in the other Stocks, the highest only:

Ww, TURQUAND, Stock and Exchange Broker No. 9, St. Michael's Alley, Cornbill.

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As long as those who write are amphitious of making Converts, and of giving their Opinions a Maximum of

Infuence and Celebrity, the moft extenfively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greater Effed this Curiobty of those who read either for Amusement or Infru&ion. -JOHNSON.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. should be expected to cultivate in the SIR,

most productive way, AVING for

many years, contem. 4. The families of children plans, fraught with public benefit and indic would add greatly to the effective popuvidual happiness, I can no longer refrain, lation of the country; and would afford from submitting them to the readers of the means of recruiting our armies, far supeMonthly Magazine, who include the ma. rior to our cripple making manufactories. jority of the public-spirited and intelli- 5. They would add to the cheerfulness. gent subjects of this realm. I am san. and security of a road ; they might be guine enough to believe, that my plans made to indicate distances, and, io will meet with general approbation; supply directions to travellers; and they and though they may not be imme- might be so constructed as to afford sheldiately adopted, a future age may refer ter in case of accident, sudļen illoess, to your valuable miscellany, as the in. or inclement weather. strument which propagated a knowledge The expence of each of such cottages in of what may prove to posterity eminent building and fitting-up, would be from 251. blessings.

to 50l. according to the value of the mate, My FIRST PLAN is to bụild cheerful cot-' rials which the neighbourhood afforded; tages, at requisite distances, by the sides and this, if desired, might be reimbursed of our public roads, as residences for the to the commissioners, trustees, or labourer, whose employment it should be farmers, of the roads, by paying the lato repair the road, for a space equidistant byurer 6d. or 1s. per week below the in boih directions from his cottage. standard or ordinary price of labour. For

Every benevolent person will view. such deduction, the cottager would receive these smiling cottages in his mind's eye ample compensation in the advantages with rapture, and will wish he possessed of his cottage and plot of ground; but in a magical wand, by which he might, in acts of parliament for new roads, the an instant, bring ten thousand of them building of such cottages might form a into existence; but as Commissioners -of special provision. Roads, and Parliainentary Committees, As the labourers would be elected are moved only by calculations of inter to the cottages, candidates bearing a est, I shall briefly enumerate a few ad- known good character would of course vantages which cannot fail to attend be preferred. Married men would be them.

likely to be chosen rather than single ones; 1. The roads would be kept in better and the regular appearance of these, repair, and at much less expence than at with their families, at church on a present; because the labourer would live Sunday, would be one pledge of their close to his work, instead of spending moral conduct. Habitual drunkenness, half his time, and wasting balf his strength, neglect of their cottages and plots of as is now the case, in walking several ground, or any gross depravities, should miles to his labour.

subject the cottager to the forfeiture of 2. The coliages would afford an inde, his cottage; while on the other hand, a pendent asyluın to a class of the labouring regular conduct should entitle him, once poor, who, with their families, are gene- in seven years, to the benefit of a collecs rally a burthen to the parish.

tion at the church, to buy lim a cow, 3. They would increase the general to put his children apprentices, and afford means of subsistence, if a rood of the him other comforts and benefits, maste ground on the road-side were an- The SECOND PLAN to which I wish to nered to each cottage, which the cottager call the attention of persons possessing MONTHLY MAG, No. 198.



power and influence, has similar claims ing numerous wrecks, and saving many on the feelings of private benevolence, valuable lives, and an aniount of property, and others of a public nature peculiar to equal perhaps in a single year to the itself.

expence of building all the cottages. I propose to surround the shores of

2. In cases of unavoidable wreck, the the United Kingdom with marine cote instantaneous assistance afforded by the tages, at intervals of a mile, to serve inhabitants of all the adjacent cottages, as beacons on certain occasions, and could not fail to be the means of saving the especial business of whose inhabi- many of the crew, and much of the protants it should be to superintend the in- perty. cidents passing on the ocean, and to 3. A stop would thus be put to the afford relief, advice, and shelter, to ship. system of plundering wrecks, a practice wrecked or distressed mariners. which prevails in many parts of our coast,

Persons who have been at sea, must and which sinks us in character, as a have been sensible of the inhospitable people, below the niost barbarons naaspect of our shores; and could never tions. suspect, if they had made the English 4. These marine cottages would serve coast for the first time, that such a country as signal-houses for many public purcontained a numerous and active popula. poses, and they might especially be made tion. Our whole coast exhibits a dreary, a means of preventing illicit trade. continuation of rock or cliff, without 5. They would cheaply and usefully asylum or friendly invitation, and un- provide for five or six thousand seamen provided with watch or guard for its and marines, as out-pensioners of Green. own protection, or the support and secu. wich, or as a separate establishment; and rity of the strangers or mariners who at the close of the war, sɔme means of approach it. Thus unprovided with any providing for this extra number will be means of hospitality, who could suspect wanted. that such was the coast of the most ma. 6. The families of the married cottaritime people in the world; or that thou- gers would be universally a nursery of sands of lives, and millions of property, seamen; and indeed it might not be im. were every year sacrificed by wrecks, practicable to register the entire male which might, in a considerable degree, part of them as future resources for the he prevented or averted by means like navy, in which they might be marked as those proposed

objects for promotion in the inferior ranks This plan presents also the advantage of the service. of proviting, in a characteristic and con. Sume objections may probably be genial manner, for five or six thousand started to particular features of both these maimed or superannuated seamen and plans: I entertain, however, no doubt, marines, two of whom, with or without that these might be removed, on a full families, might occupy each cottage, investigation; and they must be of trifling keeping a constant look out, in all wea- consequence, when placed in competition cher in which assistance might he wanted. with the vast benefits that would result, Each cottage should be provided with a in a public and private view, from such lantero in its roof, in which a good light establishments. I am indeed sanguine should by night be constantly displayed, enough to think, that they would in many and with ropes, a signal gan, and otlier important respects give a new feature to means of affording and producing assist the moral character of the country; and ance in case of wreck.

that at least, instead of solitary roads and Benevolence will ask for no reasotis be- desolate coasts, we should have the gras yond those which cannot fail to present tification of seeing twenty thousand coto themselves on the slightest consideration, tages, and the consequent happiness for the adoption of a plan so obviously and comfort attending perhaps a hundred useful; however, as it can only be car thousand souls, now the most miserable ried into execution through the in- and destitute members of the commu. fluence of a patriotic minister, or by nity. parliamentary sanction, it may not be At any rate, would not the adoption of improper to subjon some of the reasons both plans atone, in some degree, for which strongly recommend it.

the miseries occasioned by so many years 1. Such a continuity of lights indica. spent in unprofitable and destructive ting the direction of every line of coast; wars? could not fail to be the means of preventa


ADVICE TO 4 YOUNG REVIEWER, with a subservient; so in the art of reviewing I

SPECIMEN of the art.* would lay down as a fundamental posiYO

OU are now about to enter on a, tion, which you must never lose sight of,

profession which has the means of and which must be the main spring of all doing much good to society, and scarcely your criticisms Vrite what will sell. any tenptation to do harm. You may To this golden rule every minor canon encourage genius, you may chastise sua must be subordinate; and must either be perficial arrogance, expose falsehood, immediately deducible from it, or at least correct error, and guide the taste and be made consistent with it. opinions of the age, in no small degree, staggered at the sound of a precept, by the books you praise and recommend. which upon examination will be found as All this too may be done without running honest and virtuous as it is discreet. I the risk of making any enemies ; or suba, have already sketched out the great ser. jecting yourself to be called to account rices which it is in your power to render" for your criticism, however severe. mankind; but all your efforts will be un. While your name is unknown, your per- availing if men do not read what you son is invulnerable: at the same time write. Your utility therefore, it is plain, your own aim is sure, for you may take depends upon your popularity; and poit at your leisure; and your blows fall pularity cannot be attained without hu. heavier than those of any writer whose ipouring the taste and inclinations of name is given, or who is simply anony- men. mous. There is a mysterious authority

Be assured that by a similar train of in the plural we, which no single name, sound and judicious reasoning, the conwhatever may be its reputation, can ac

sciences of thousands in public life are quire; and, under the sanction of this daily quieted. It is better for the state imposing style, your strictures, your that their party should govern thau any praises, and your dogmas, will command other: the good which they can effect by universal attention, and be received as the exercise of power, is infinitely greater the fruit of anited talents, acting on oue than any which could arise from a rigid common principle as the judgments of adherence to certain subordinate moral a tribunal who decide only on mature de precepts; which therefore should be violiberation, and who protect the inter lated without scruple, whenever they ests of literature with unceasing vigi- stand in the way of their leading purpose. lance.

He who sticks at these can never act a Such being the high importance of great part in the world, and is not fit 10 chat office, and such its opportunities, I act it if he could. Such maxims may be cannot bestow a few hours of leisure beta very useful in ordinary affairs, and for ter than in furnishing you with some bints the guidance of ordinary men; but when for the more easy and effectual discharge we mount into the sphere of public uti. of it; bints which are, 1 confess, loosely lity, we must adopt more enlarged prinzbrown together, but which are the re- ciples; and not suffer ourselves to be sult of long experience, and of frequent cramped and fettered by petry notions of reflection and comparison. And if any

right, and moral duty. Thing should strike you at first sight as When you have reconciled yourself to rather equivocal in point of morality, or this liberal way of thinking, you will deficient in liberality and feeling; I'bey find many inferior advantages resulting you will suppress all such scruples, and from it, which at first did not enter into consider them as the offspring of a cone your consideration. In particular, it will tracted education and narrow way of greatly lighten your labours to follow thę thinking, which a little intercourse with public taste, instead of taking upon you the world and sober reasoning will speer to direct it. The task of pleasing is as dily overcome.

all times easier than that of instructing : Now as in the conduct of life nothing at least it does unt stand in need of pain. is more to he desired than some governing ful research and preparation; and may principle of action, to which all other be effected in general by a little vivacity principles and motives must be made of manner, and a dexterous morigera.

tion (as lord Bacon calls it) to the hue This excellent essay having been printed mours and frailties of men.

Your refor separate circulation, its merits led us to sponsibility too is thereby much lessened, ask permission of the author to insert it in Justice and candour can only be required sur pages, in the confidence that it would of you so far as they coincide with this bighly gratify our readers.

main principle; and a little experience

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