« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
Lo, he seeketh out a skulle,
Downe a narrow grese they stray, Rinsed it and filled it fulle
Dank and dymme theire winding way. Of the water from the spring,
" Is it to a toome we go ?" And with pireous gait did bring.
Spake the faultring stranger tho.
“ What! doth feare alreadie cling Ione her eyne a teare upswulle,
To thy brest ?" the knight did say:
“ Harke, I heare her gittero ring; Drank her draught, and totterd oute. Hymnes of penaunce she doth sing. “ I beswear thee, tell me, man,"
Deeper down the vault so cold, So the stranger-knight began,
Both the knights in silence strollid:
Op'd a door, and she was seene,
Bye a single lampis fleare,
Sitting in a dungeon-hold:
On her eye-lash blinks the cleare
Halie God-atoning teare. « Stranger, she is fayre ) knowe,
“ Bitter, bitter is her wo," Ones did I her seeming trowe,
Saith the guest as in they go. Hong delighted on her loke,
Sternlie frown'd his British guide, 3 Thrillde for pleasaunce when she spoke, And advancing to her side And her honeyde wordes beleevde.
Op'd a grate with soddeyne tone,
And began therein to sho
Wher against the mildewed stone
Stood a headless skeletone. « For her love was givn and gone
Then he spake, “Behold the man To a squire that here did wone,
Who this woman's lyking wan ;
Brought his master's bed to shame.
Now I ween she shuld not shrink
Him from near her side to ban :
From his sighte she may not slink,
And his skull doth hold her drink," u Lo, her syghte mie eyne dismayde, Ere they left the dismal cell, Inne the clasp of ewbrice layde,
Did the stranger wish her well, With the squire of lowe degree;
And a pardon for the sin
She bewailed ther within.
Then she spake with gentle moane
Thro her lippes so swole and pale :
“ Yeares may not my guilt atone,
Righteouslie mye lord bath done." “ Botte forthwych she did her throw Now they sought their roomes: til daye At mie feete, ard to the blow
Sleepless did the traveller laye, Layde her paler bosom bare.
The remembrance of her sight
Haunted hin the livelong night;
How she by the lamp so wan
Wept and sang and preeres did saye. No, methought ; I may ne dome
Chilly sweats him overran, Her to the ycorsed bome.
Thoughts of anguish him anman, “ And I spake: Thou shalt, beldame, Ere the golden howre of dawn, Pay the finaunce of mie shame,
On had he his armure drawn; Al it be thie life I spare :
Parting, to his host he sayd : Tho the fiend chy sprite shuld tare,
« Til thy wife in earth be layd, What have I to winne therbye?
Thro the sorrow undergune No: with prayre, and teare, and grame, Leave her not in thraldom's pawn;
Thou magst carne thie peace on hye : I have nere a woman knone, 1 rallent not til I dye.
Half so fair and wo.begone." u Then her hedde I shavde and shore, And at length her gentle guise, Toke the gaudes and gems she wore,
And her patient peaceful wise, Clad ber lymbes in mourning weede,
Won sir Egerwene to ruth: Oi her weeping had no heede;
He forgave her sad untrulli. Woes enow I make her beare.
Heeded now his threat no more, Wilt thou knowe her painsome stoure, No forgiveness to alyse;
From her lippes thou mayst it heare, Joyed with her as of yore,
Cheere thie spright and follow peare." Many worthy sons she bote. MONTHLY MAG, No. 198.
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PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES. ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON.
produced by the action of ammonia on M ,
R. Davy has laid before this learned potassium, thus describes them: 1. It is analytical researches on the nature of cets, which in colour are not unlike the certain bodies, particularly alkalies, protoxide of iron : it is opaque, when exphosphorus, sulphur, carbonaceous mat. amined in large masses, but semitranspater, and the acids hitherto unde- rent in their luns. 2. It is fusible at a compounded. “In these experiments" heat a little above that of boiling water, he employed potassium, procured by and if heated much higher, emits globules electricity; but he soon substituted for of gas. 3. It appears to be considers it the metal obtained by the action of ig- ably leavier than water. 4. It is a nonmited iron upon potash, in the inanner conductor of electricity. 5. When discovered by MM. Gay Lussac 'and melted in oxygen gas, it burns with great Thenard, because it gave the same revividness, emitting bright sparks. Osy, sults, and could be obtained of an uni- gen is absorbed, nitrogen is emitted, and form quality, and in infinitely larger quan- potash is formed. 6. When brought in lities, and with much less labour and ex- contact with water, it acts upon it with pense. When ammonia is brought in much energy, produces heat, and often contact with about twice its weight of inflammation, and evolves ammonia, potassium, at common temperatures, the When thrown upon water, it disappears metal loses its lustre, and becomes white; with a hissing noise, and globules from it there is also a slight diminution in the often move in a state of ignition upon the volume of gas. The white crust proves surface of the water. It rapidly efferto be potash, and the ammonia is found vesces, and deliquesces in air; but can be to contain a small quantity of hydrogen, preserved under naplıtha, in which it Ou heating the potassium in the gas, by seems partially to dissolve. When mcans of a spirit-lamp applied to the plunged under water, it disappears inbottom of the retort, the colour of the stantly with efferrescence; and the noncrust is seen to change, through various absorbable elastic fluid liberated, is found shades, into a dark olive. The crust and to be hydrogen gas. From accurate exmetal fuse together, and the brilliant periment, Mr. Dary has no doubt, that Eurface of the potassium appears. In the weight of the olive-coloured subthis state, as the potassium cools
, it is stance, and of the hydrogen disengaged, again covered with the white crust; and precisely equals the weight of the potasin the operations a gas is evolved, which sium and aminopia consyined. gives the same diminution by detonation As an inflammable gas alone, having with oxygen, as hydrogen, and the am, the obvious properties of hydrogeny 18 monia disappears. Mr. Davy, having given off during the action of potassium examined the properties of the substance upon ainınonia ; and as nothing but gases
apparently the same as hydrogen and ni- lower part of the tube, where the hcat trogen, nearly in the proportions in which had been intense, was found surrounded they exist in volatile alkali, are evolved with potash in a vitreous forın; the upduring the exposure of the compound to per part contained a considerable quale heat; and, as the residual substance pro- iity of potassium. In a siinilar experie duces ammonia, with a little hydrogen, ment, the same elastic products were by the action of water, it occurred to evolved. The tube was suffered to cool; Mr. D. that it ought, according to the the stop-cock being open in contact witia antiphlogistic theory, to be a compound mercury, it was first filled with mercury, of potassium, a little oxygen, and nitro- and then the mercury displaced by gen, or a combination of a suboxyde of water, wheu two cubical incles and potassium and nitrogen; for the hydro- three quarters of hydrogen gas were gegen disengaged, nearly equalled the nerated ; which proved, that at least two whole quantity contained in the ammo- grains and a hali of potassium bad been nia employed: and it was easy to explain revived. the fact of the reproduction of the am “If,” says the professor, “a calculamonia by water, on the supposition, that tion be made upon the products in these by combination with one portion of the operations, considering them as nitrogen exygen of the water, the oxyde of potas- and hydrogen, and taking the common sion became potash; and by combina- standard temperature and pressure, it tion with another portion and its hydro- will be foond, that by the decomposition gen, the nitrogen was converted into of 11 cubical inches of aminonia, equal vulaule alkali. To ascertain this, he to 2.05 grains, there is generated 3-6 cumade several experiments on various bical inches of nitrogen, equal to 1.06 residuuins, procured from the action of grains, and 9.9 cubical inches of hydro. equal quantities of potassium on dry gen, which, added to that disengaged in aumania, each portion of metal equal- the first operation, are equal to 382 ling six grains ; and in the trial which he grains; and the oxygen, added to the regarded as most accurate, two cubical potassium, would be of a grain or -6; inches and a half of oxygen were ab- and the whole amount is 2.04 grains; Suwbed, and only a cubical inch and one- and 235—2:04 =:01. But the same teoth of nitrogen evolved. The solid quantity of ammonia, decomposed by substance produced, was pure potash. electricity, would have given 5 5 cubical The quantity of nitrogen existing in the inches of nitrogen, equal to 1.6 grains, aminoma, which this residuum would and only 14 cubical inches of hydrogen, have produced by the action of water, cqual to :33: and allowing the separation supposing it had been decomposed by of oxygen in this process in water, it electricity, would have equalled at least cannot be estimated at more than •11 or two cubical inches and a quarter. “On 12. So that if the analysis of ammonia what," says Mr. I). “.could this loss of by electricity approaches to accuracy, pitrogen depend? had it entered ioto any there is a considerabic loss of nitrogen, unknown form with oxygen, or did it not and a production of oxygen and infamfeally exist in the residuum in the same mable gas; and in the action of water quantity as in the animonia produced upon the residuum, there is an apparent from it?"
generation of nitrogen. He made an experiment, by lieating “ flow can these extraordinary results the entire fusible substance, from six be explained? The decomposition and grains of potassiuin which had absorbed composition of nitrogeo scem proved, Ewelve cubical inches of ammonia, in an allowing the correctness of the data; iron tube. The heat was gradually and one of its elements appears to be raised to whiteness, and the gas collected oxygen; but what is its other elementary in two portions. The whole quantity matter :-Is the gas that appears to posgenerated, making the usual corrections sess the properties of hydrogen, a new for temperature and pressure, would species of inflamınable aeritorin sub. have been, at the mean degree of the stance?-Or has nitrogen a metallic babaroineter and thermometer, 144 cubi- sis, which alloys wich the iron or platina? cal inches. Of these, learly a cubical Or is water alike the ponderable mattis inch was ammonia; aj the remainder a of nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen ?--Os gas, of which the portiou destructible by is nitrogen a coinpound of hydrogen, Detonation with oxygen, was to the in- with a larger proportion of oxygen than destructible portiou as 27 to 1. The exists in water?”