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ing-house, his father had died at Galway, in Mr. Strahan, the king's printer, one of JohaIreland, colonel of the 5th regiment of foot, son's most intimate and most useful friends. bequeathing the principal part of his fortune The doctor soon after produced his celebrated to him and his daugbrer, Mrs. Smith. With publication, entitled The False Alarm; by this patrimony, on the expiration of his mino- which he gained both money and reputation rity, he commenced business in Craven-street, At this period he had conceived a high opi. in the Strand, in partnership with Mr. Thomas nion of Mr. Whitefoord's taste and political Brown, a gentleman universally esteenied for influence, and often expressed his approbation his amiable qualities and convivial disposition of his essays and squibs, pronouncing thema Mr. W. early in life evinced a lively wit, superior even to those of Dean Swift. Bui combined with a certain peculiarity of humour, Mr. W.'s pen was not limited to prose com which rendered his company and conversation sitions ; his verses on various subjects, and desirable to the most celebrated beaux esprits on different occasions, possess equal spirit and of his time. Ner was it only in conversation point. It has been asserted that the fine arts that his talents were conspicuous. His essays have such an affinity to each other, chat ta were equally admired for novelty of idea, have a relish for one is to be susceptible of all. correctness of style, and sp:ightliness of satire; Whether this be generally true or not, we and to those we are in some measure indebted shall not here dispute, but content ourselves for the emancipation of our diurnal prints with observing that this combination is re. krom that dallaess which till then universally markably exemplified in Mr. W. who in liis pervaded them. Mr. Whitefoord having con- youth was at once a respectable proficient both ceived a great friendship for Mr. Henry in music and drawing : but other avocations Woodfall, sent his productions to the Public did not permit him to cultivate these to the Advertiser, which soon became the political extent which his genius was capable of attais. area where all the combatants engaged, and ing. Although presented from reaching all the squids of party were thrown. He practical excellence, he did not fail however turned and moulded the various topics of the to improve in taste; and his judgment as a day into all sor:s of shapes ; horse-races, play- .connoisseur has frequently been appealed to in bills, auctions, exhibitions, and female ad. doubtful cases, when even artists have been ministrations, became the whimsical vehicles divided in their opinions. His collection of of his humour. The mirth excited by these, prints and pictures, chiefly of the Italian as well as by his Cross Readings, Ship News School, do honour to the possessor, both from Extraordinary, Errors of the Press, &c. pro. their number and merit ; but his admiration duced many imitators; but they have sel. has not, like that of some virtuosi, been condom equalled, and never excelled, the ori. fined to the ancient masters, for many living ginal. The author was extremely careless of artists have experienced the benefit of his par literary reputation. He amused himself in tronage and advice. Such acquirements nathe moments of conception and composition; turally pointed him out to the Society for the but afterwards paid no manner of atiention to Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and those children of his brain : he left them ex. Commerce, as a proper person to preside in posed and deserted sur le pavé, till Almon and the committee of fine arts. He was accord. Debrete took them up, and gave them an ingly elected chairman, and executed the of asylum in the Foundling Hospital for Wit, fice for several years with equal advantage to where at least a score may be found. The the institution, and credit to himself, until shafts of his ridicule were so happily directed he was chosen & vice-president, an honour against the petitions, remonstrances, and generally conferred on persons of elevated rank grievances, of Wilkes, and other pscudu patriots alone. Nor was this the only distinction he of the day, as to attract the notice, and to obtained. The Royal Societies of London and obtain the approbation, of administration. Mr. Edinburgh, the Society of Antiquaries, the W. bad given a humourous history of peti. Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, and tions, from the first petition of the peruke the Arcadian Society of Rome, all admitted makers to the king, praying him to wear a him a member of their respective bodies. wig for the benefit of their trade; he then Few men have passed their time more agreetook up the subject of more modern grievan- ably than Mr. W. for he lived in habits of ces and apprehensions, answered all these intimacy with some of the wisest and best grievances, and advertised for a new griev. men of the age. In the list of his friends may ance! His success on this occasion was so be enumerated many dignitaries of the church, great, that he was requested by a person high more than one states.aa, and some of the in office to write a pamphlet on the subject of most eminent geniuses which our nation has the misunderstanding which subsisted betwixt produced. Adam Smith used to say, that the this country and Spain, relative to the Falk- junto of wits and authors hated one another Land Islands. That task, however, he de- heartily, but that they all had a regard for clined; but recommended Doctor Samuel Mr. W. who, by his conciliatory manners, Johason as the ablest and properest person kept them together. When any quarrel or who could be selected for this purpose. Mr. disagreement occurred, he was accustomed to W. was accordingly authorized to negotiate invite the parties to call on him in Craven. this matter with the doctor, which he at length treet, to give them a very good dinner, and happily concluded in concert with the lats drink a glass to reconciliation. Garrick and


the press.

Foote had long been at variance, but Mr. W. Who scatter'd around wit and humour at contrived to bring them to one of those conci- will, liatory dinners; and Mr. Garrick (who had Whose daily bon mors half a columo might fill; much good-nature, and more generosity than A Scotchman from pride and from prejudice the world gave bim credit for,) actually lent free, Foote five Hundred pounds to repair his thea- A scholar, but surely no pedant, was be. tre in the Haymarket. Mr. W.'s intimacy

What a piry, alas ! tbat so lib'ral a mind with Dr. Franklin and Mr. Oswald, rendered Shou'd so long be to newspaper essays conhim peculiarly eligible for the purpose of ase fin'd; sisting in treating for the restoration of peace

Who perhaps to the summit of science could with America. He was accordingly appointed secretary to the latter, who, having bailed Mr.

Yet content if the table he “set in a roar ;" Laurens from his confinement in the Tower,

Whose talents to fill any station were fit, and become his surety to the amount of fifty

Yet happy if Woodfall confess'd him a wit. thousand pounds, was also judiciously selected as a man acceptable to the American com- Ye newspaper witlings ! ye pert scribbling

folks, missioners, with whom, on the 30th of No. vember, 1782, they concluded and signed pre.

Who copied his squibs and re-echoed hía liminary a ticles, declaratory of the independ. Ye tame imitators ! ye servile herd, come,

jokes ; ance of the United States; this being understood by the belligerent powers as an indis

Still follow your master, and visit his tomb; pensable basis, previously to their creating To deck it bring with you festoons of the with England on the subject of a general pa

vine, cification. The articles were approved by

And copious libations bestow on his shrine ; the people; and the nation hailed the return

Then strew all around it, you can do no less, of tranquillity with general gratulation. All

Cross readings, ship-news, and mistakes of differences being thus happily settled with the United States of America, Mr. Oswald re

Merry Whitefoord, farewell ! for thy sake ! Curned to London, but Mr. Whicefoord re

admit, mained at Paris several months longer with

That a Scot may have humour, I had almost ford St. Helen's, (then Mr. Fitzherbert,) This debt to thy mem'ry I cannot refuse,

said wit : who was the minister charged to negotiate treaties of peace with France, Spain, and

Thou best humour'd man, with the worst Holland ; and it is a curious circumstance,

mour'd muse.'] that three of the treaties above alluded to [Further particulars of Henry Cavendish, esq. are in the hand-writing of Mr. Whitefoord.

wbose death is mentioned at p. 287, of our last These services were such as intitled liim to number. This gentleman was the son of the some recompence from government; but lord

late LordCharles Cavendish,great uncle to the Shelburne having resigned before Mr. W.'s present duke of Devonshire, and although not return from the continent, without making much heard of in the common paths of life, any provision for him, he was obliged to was well known and highly distinguished in profer his claim to the coalition administra- the scientific world. He had studied and tion, by which it was rejected ; nor was it

rendered himself familiarly conversant wich till seven years after, that a small pension was every part of sir Isaac Newton's philosophy; granted to him by his majesty, on the re

the principles of which he applied, near forty commendation of those in power. We can. years ago, to an investigation of the laws oa not pass over this transaction, without ob. which the phænomena of electricity depend, serving that calumny, which on that occasion Pursuing the same science, on the occasion of had been busy with other characters, never

Mr. Walsh's experiments with the torpedo, even insinuated a charge of malversation against he gave a satisfactory explanation of the reo the persons employed at Paris, in the great

markable powers of -lectrical fishes; pointing work of restoring tranquillity to Europe and

out that distinction between common and America. Mr. W. rather late in life married animal electricity, which has since been a lady of the name of Sidney, by whom he amply confirmed by the brilliant discoveries has left four children. We cannot conclude in galvanism. Having turned his attention without giving the character of this gentle- very early to pneumatic chemistry, he ascer. man, as delineated by Dr. Goldsmith, in his tained, in 1766, the extreme levity of inwell-known poem entitled Retaliation: fainmable air, now called hydrogen gas. On “ Here Whitefoord reclines, and deny it who particularly that of aërial navigation, have

this discovery many curious experiments, and can,

been founded. In the same paths of science, Tho' he merrily liv'd, he is now " a grave he made the important discovery of the com

man." Rare compound of oddity, frolic, and fun,

position of water by the union of two airs;

and that laid the foundation of the modern Who relished a joke, and rejoic'd in a pun; system of chemistry, which sests principally Whose temper was generous, open, sincere, on this fact, and that of the decomposition A stranger to flatt'ry, a stranger to fear.

of water, announced soon afteswards by M.


Layoisier. As the purity of atmospherical digression, which might enable him to offer air had been a subject of controversy, Mr.

a feeble tribute of respect to the memory of Cavendish contrived essential improvements SO great a man. Of all the philosophers of in the method of performing experiments the present age, Mr. Cavendish combined, in with an eudiometer; by means of which he the highese degree, a depth and extent of was the first who shewed that the proportion mathematical knowledge with delicacy and of pure in the atmosphere is nearly the precision in the methods of experimental reas same in all open places. The other and search. It might be said of him, what can much larger portion of our atmosphere he se. perhaps hardly be said of any other person, gaciously conjectured to be the basis of the that whatever he has done has been perfect at acid of nitre; an opinion that he soon brought the moment of its production. His processes to the test, by an ingenious ani laborious ex- were all of a finished nature ; executed by the periment, which completely pruved its truth; hand of a master, they required no corrections wlience eliis air has now very generally ob- and though many of them were perfurmed ia tained the name of nitrogen. So many and the very infancy of chemnical philosophy, yet such great discoveries spread his fame through- their accuracy and their beauty have iemained, out Europe, and he was vniversally consi- unimpaired amidst the progress of discovery; dered as one of the first philosophers of the and their merits have been iilustrated by age. Among the labours of his litrer days, discussion, and exalted by time. In general, is the nice and difficult experiment by which the most cummon motives which induce men he determined the mean density of the earth; to study are, the love of distinction, of glory an element of consequence in delicate calcu. in the desire of power; and we have no right lations of astronomy, as well as in geological to ohject to mótives of this kind : but it ought inquiries. Even in the last year of his life, to be mentioned in estimating the character at the advanced age of 77,' he proposed and of Mr. Cavendish, that his grand stimulus co described improvements in the manner of di- exertion was evidently the love of truth and, viding large astronomical instruments; which, of knowledge ; unambitious, unassuming, it though not yet executed, promise very great

was often with difficulty that he was persua. advantages. These pursuits, together with ded to bring forward his important discoveries. rading of various kinds, by which he acqui.

He disliked notoriety; he was, as it were, red a deep insight into almost every topic

fearful of the voice of Fame. His labours of general knowledge, formed the whole oc- are recorded with the greatest dignity and cupation of his life ; and were, in fact, his simplicity, and in the fewest possible words, sole amusement. The love of truth was suf. without parade or apology; and it seemed as. ficient to fill his mind. From his attachment if in publication he was performing, not whac to such occupations, and the constant resource was a duty to himself, but what was a daty he found in them, together with a shyness to the public.

His life was devoted to and diffidence natural to his disposition, his science; and his social honrs were passed habits bad, from early life, been secluded. amongst a few of his friends, principally His manners were mild, his mind firm, his members of the Royal Society. He was rea nature benevolent and complacent. He was served to strangers; but where he was fami. liberal, without being profuse; and charita- Jiar, his conversation was lively, and full of ble, without ostentation. He possessed great varied informacion. Upon all subjects of afluence, which was to him rather matter science he was luminous and profound; and of embarrassment than of gratification ; but, in discussion wonderfully acute. Even to however careless about its improvement, the very last week of his life, when he was he was regular as to its management and die nearly 79, he retained his activity of body, rection. He was born October 10, 1731; and all his energy and sagacity of intellect. and his remains were interred in the family. He was warmly interested in all new subjects vault in All Saints, Derby.-On Saturday, of science; and several times in the course of March 17, Mr. Professor Davy, in his lecture last year witnessed or assisted in some experiat the Royal Institution, introduced the fol. ments that were carried on in the Laboratory lowing character of Mr. Cavendish. "About of the Royal Institution. Since the death of 1766, Mr. Cavendish published his first pa, Newton (said Mr. Davy, it he might be perpers on the subject of ais. He examined, mitted to give an opi:ion), England has sus. with more accurate instruments than Black, tained no scientific loss so great as that of the elastic fluid from the alkalies; and hé Cavendish. But it is to be regretted less, ascertained that the same substance was pro. since, like his great predecessor, he died fuli daced Juring the combustion of charcoal. He of years and ot glory. His name will be an perfected the pneumatic apparatus ; and soon object of more veacration in future ages than discovered two new clastic Auids, inflammable in the present moment; though it was un. air and muriatic acid air. Mr. Davy said, in known in the busy scenes of life, or in the the next lecture he should exhibit some ex. popular discussions of the day, it will remain periments of our illustrious countryman of illustrious in the annals of science, which later date, and of still higher importance ; are as unperishable as thac nature to whicha but he could not, on this occasion, pass by they belong; it will be an immortal honour the circumstance of his recent loss without a co bis bouse, to his age, and to bis country!" MONTHLY MAG. No. 198.




Arranged geographically, or in the Order of the Counties, from North to South.


Communications for this Department of the Monthly Magazine, properly aue thenticated, and sent free of Postage, are always thankfully received. Those are more particularly acceptable which describe the Progress of Local Improvements of any Kind, or which contain Biographical Anecdotes or Facts relative to eminent or remarkable Characters recently deceased.

NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM. At Chester le-Street, Mr. John Starforth A self-acting plane, of a highly ingenious an alderman of Durham, 78.

construction, for the purpose of conveying At Sunderland, Mrs Oswald, 39. coals from Bewick Main colliery to the Tyne, At Cockerton, near Darlington, Joha was lately pue in motion. It was constructed Garth, esq. aged 38; well known as a musical by Samuel Cooke, esq. one of the owners of composer ; and particularly for the publicacion that colliery. The length of the rope on (in conjunction with the late Mr. Avison, of this plane is 1,600 yards ; and it is made to Newcastle) of Marcello's Psalms, adapted to convey 50 waggons of coals (each waggon English words. contains 52 cwt.) at the astonishing speed of At Darlington, Mary, wife of Mr. W. 10 miles in the bour.

Married ) At Sinnington, Lieut. William At Whitburn, near Sunderland, sit Hede Pierson, of the sixth North York local militia, worth Williamson, bart. hereditary high to Miss Grayson, eldest daughter of Mr. G. , sheriff of the county of Durham. This office of Pickering.

has been beld 87 years successively by the At Darlington, Mr. Porter Kirk, to Miss grandfather, son, and grandson, of the Willie Isabella Appleton, youngest daughter of Mr. amson family; Sir W. Williamson, bart. A. bookseller,

having been appointed 7th September, 1723. At Sunderland, George Fergurson, esq. son It is a patent office in the appointment of the of William F. esq. of Bishopwearmouth, to Bishop. Miss Lowe, only daughter of Mr. L. of Birmingham.

CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORELAND. Died) At Monkwearmouth, Mrs. Happer, Married.] At Egremont, Mr. John wife of Mr. Thomas H. surgeon, 32.-Mr. Nicholson, to Miss Brown, youngest daughter William Todd, 69.Mrs. Laing, 25.

of the rev. Mr B. At Berwick, Mr. Robert Kerr. 75.- Miss At Wigton, capt. Carlyle, of Workington, Eliz. Johnston, 49.-Mr. John Lisle, 26.- to Miss Mary Pearson. Mr. Aaron Jeffrey, 88.-Mrs. Jameson, wife At Cockermouth, Mr. Russel, officer of of Mr. Mark J. solicitor, 38.

excise, Whitehaven, to Miss Jane Dickensoa, At Coldstream, Mr. Peter Dow, 28. youngest daughter of Mr. Robert D.

At Durham, Barbara, wife of Mr. William At New Hutton, near Kendal, Mr. Joseph Shotton, 67. -Mr. William Jaques, 55 - Mrs. Slater, surgeon, to Miss Guy. Davison.-Mr. W. Robison. Mrs. Hall, re- Died.) At Baldmire, aged 99, Mrs Mare lict of Anthony H. esq. 73.

garet Postlethwaite, who retained her hearing At Alnwick, Mr. John Gallon.

and eye-sight to the last. At Briery Hole, by Hawick, Mr. John At Carlisle, Mr. Richard Lowthian, attor. Park, 77.

ney.-Mr. John Barwise, 72.- Mr. Duncan At Warkworth, Mrs. Clutterbuck, wife of Cameron, 17.-Mr. David Broom, 90. John C. esq - Mrs. Stuart.

At Kendal, Mr. John Grave, 74. Mrs. At Newcastle, Mr. Robert Rutherford, 68. Ann Newby, 84.-Mrs. Elizabeth Stephenson, Mr. John Finlay, many years sheriff's ser- At Whitehaven, Mrs. Buntze, 65.-Mr. jeant of the corporation, 73.-Mr. Alexander William Hales, 84.- Sarah Bell, 78. -Mr. Mitchel, 67.- Mrs. Elizabeth Gordon, 68. Thomas Wilkinson.-Mr. Thomas Cannell. Mrs. Lindsay, 92.- Mr. Robson.-Mrs. An. -Mr. Henry Stockdale, 24.-Mrs. Ann drew.--Mrs. Elizabeth Park.--Mr. J. D. Dodd, 49.-Mr. Thomas Moore, master of Dotchen, 87. Mr. John Temperton, of Hull. the Mally of this port. He was unfortunately

Ar Hexham, Mr. Thomas Lambert, 84.- drowned in the harbour.-Mrs. Mary Laycock, Mrs. Margaret Ridley, 78.--Mrs. Margaret widow of Mr. William L. tobacco manufacRamsay, 74.--Mrs. Morton.-Mr. Dodd, 88. turer, 100. Though, for some time past, in an

At Hodbank, near Wark, Mr. Robert infirm state, she retained all ber faculties to Veitch, 70

the last. Mrs. Atkinson, of Broughtoo, At High Favondale, near Darlington, Mrs. near Cockermouth. Thompson

At Addingham, Mr. Thomas Wade, 101. Al Whitehill, near Whelpington, Mr. At Lamesley, Afrs. Mary Potter, 109. Thomas Fenwick, 77.

At Egremont, Mrs. Elizabeth Hartley, 60.


-Mis. Mary Steele, 53. Mrs. Mossop, wife Towards this end, he has obtained the shell of of the rev, Mr. M.

the building lacely used as barracks for the At Kingsmeaburn, Westmorland, Tamar, officer and soldiers, stationed there before wife of Matthew Dent, 90. They were the the batteries were dismantled. This build. oldest couple in that vicinity, having been ing Ms. Constable proposes to fit up for the married near sixty-three years; and so equal residence of the master of the boat, with a in age, that one of them was born on St. suitable apartment for receiving and lodging Thomas's day, and the other on St. John's, the sailors who may be brought on shore. He in the same year.

will also provide and fit up all necessary oute At Crosscrake, near Kendal, Mrs. Jackson, buildings for this establishment, including 42.

stabling for any horses necessary to keep At Workington, Mr. Atkiuson, late master there, and will also erect a new and suitable of the Robinson of that port.

building for the life-boat and her carriage, as Aç Riggfoot, Elizabeth, and the following soon as he is informed of the dimensions neday, her father, Mr. John Calvert.

cessary for the purpose. Mr. Constable will YORKSHIRE.

further engage twelve able men, to be always, At a meeting of gentlemen, convened, ready, as a boat's crew, and provide the means at York, on Monday, April 9ch; to take of a livelihood for the master of the boat, and the situation of Foss Bridge into conside. if any assistant, as a mate, be thought ne.. ration; a statement, to the following ef- cessary provision may be made for him also. fect, was read and approved :-The bridge Mr. Constable having no immediate interest itself, and the adjacent parts of Fossgate and in shipping, or mercantile concerns, and being Walmgate, have been very carefully surveyed in Auenced solely by motives of humanity, by Mr. P. Alkinson, who has made a plan for it must be admitted that the expence he thus improving them, and an estimate of the ex. engages to sustain, and the efforts he has made, pence of carrying that plan into execution. and proposes to continue, for the maintenance The proposed line of improvement extends to of this establishment, are ample on his parf. about 150 feet cach way, from the crown of For the rest, he looks to the commercial and the bridge; of this length of street, the shipping interests at Hull. When the wealth breadth now varies in a most irregulas and and number of persons to be interested in this abrupt manner, from 16% to 23 feet, with undertaking are considered, the expence of the this exception, that the street is for a few boat and carriage seems to be a very trifling yards at the east end of the bridge 27 feet in object. breadth. Mr. Atkinson proposes the erection Married.] At Halifax, Joshua Stanfield, of a bridge of one arch, which shall be 34 esq, of Montreal, North America, to Miss feet wide, and 11 high, above the ordinary Barns, of Manchester. level of the river. Mr. Atkinson's new bridge At Hull, Mr. John Marshall, of London, is 35 feet wide within the battlements ; on to Miss Featherstone, eldest daughter of Mr. the west he gradually narrows the street from F.-Captain Pearson, of the Minerva of that that width, till it becomes nearly opposite to port, to Miss Scott.-Captain Burton, to Miss the Merchants' Hall passabe, 30 feet wide. Harriet Jackson, daughter of Mr. J. surgeon. To the east of the bridge, the street, on Mr. At Brotherton, John Perfect, esq. banker, Atkinson's plan, grows gradually wider, being, of Pontefract, to Miss Crowder, daughter of at what would be the corner of the public John C esq. house, called the Three Cups, the eastern extre- Mr. George Paley, of Leeds, to Sarah, mity of the improvement, nearly 40 feet wide: eldest daughter of the late rev. Henry Nicholby which means the southside of the improv. son, rector of Addle. ed street will form a continued line with the At Howden, John Whitaker, esq. to Mrs. south-side of Walm-gate, beyond the line of Ion. improvement. The general result of the above Ac Cawthorn, near Barnsley, Timothy plan, would be to make the whole line of street, Brammah, esq. of London, to Miss West, comprised within it, at least equally spacious daughter of ['nomas W. esq. with the parts adjoining, thus converting a nar. Henry Glover, esq. of Leeds, to Miss row and inconvenient passage, at all times much Townend, doughter of Mr. James T. of frequented, and peculiarly so on the days of Theakstone, near Bedale. market and fairs, perfectly convenient to the At Rotherham, J. Strutt, esq. of Belper, public. The estimate of expence made by Derbyshure, to Susan, only daughicer of Mr. Atkinson, including purchases, and all Joshua Walker, esq. of Clifton, near Rotherother incidental matters, such as raising the ham, street, paving it, forming drains, &c. is 40001. Died.] At York, Mr. Lister, junior, of of which to 20631. is already subscribed. Sca. borough, solicitor. He attended the per

The frequent distresses which happen to formance at the York Theatre, where he Navigation off the coast of Holderness, and was suddenly taken ill, and on being removed particularly near the mouth of the Humber, to an adjoining house, expired before medical and the total shipwrecks which too often en- assistance could be procured. He had not sue, have induced Mr. Constable to attempt complained of any previous illness. Mrs. the establishing of a life-boat at the Spurn. Bradley.-Mrs. Gent, 76. -Sarab, dawgliter

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