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scholar, nor a man of fashion with the have been required. But his eye, his attainments of a scholar, wbo knew Mr. mind, and his heart, pervaded all bis Nicholls intimately, who would not will concerns. In no private duty was he de. ingly have adopted the words of the poet ficient; nor was any thing considered as of Syracusa, and hailed him as the too minute for his own inspection, if he Τον Μωσαις φιλον ανδρο, τον 8 Χαριτεσσιν of the wisdom which dictated this im

thought it necessary; and he was aware απεχθη. * He was passionately, perhaps rather spiseth little things shall fall by little and

portant aphorism, that " he who detoo much, devoted to music. He had stu- little.” In the direction of his house, in died it accurately as a science, under the embellishment of the rural scenery, some of the greatest masters; and in the in his library, in his studies, and in all pursuit and cultivation of it he was un- things which produced that integrity, tired, and indeed indefatigable. But he order, and harmony, which proved that generously communicated his knowledge all was well within, and that every end and his taste to congenial, and particu- which he wished,' was accomplished; larly to young minds, in which he saw in all these, I would repeat it with and marked the promise of genius and earnestness, he relied invariably on thal the ardour of application.


magnum vectigal,” that possession in His manners, habits, and inclinations, reserve, that subsidiary strength, the panaturally led him to frequent the most rent of peace, the guardian of private polished society; but study and letters life, and the support of all public gorendered the intervals of solitude useful vernment-discreet æconomy. and agreeable.' In his sphere of life and

In that sacred and bounden duty action, by his instruction, by his irflu, which is owing from a son to a parent, ence, and by his example, he diffused he was eminently exemplary. ilaving over an extensive district an elegance lost his father so very early in life as and a refinement unknown before he re- scarcely to have seen him, his attention sided in it. As a county magistrate, one and reverential attachment to his mother, of the most important offices which a

to her extremest age, was singularly afprivate gentleman can undertake, he fectionate, unremitting, and unvaried ; was diligent and regular in his attendance; and, with the pious choice of his illusand in the discharge of his duty in that trious friend Mr. Gray,“ in death he was function, which is indeed the unbought not divided.” He always expressed his defence of civilized society, and unknown intention, and he directed it by his will, to other countries, he was useful, dise that one grave should enclose their recerning, temperate, and impartial.

mains: and it does enclose them. I To those friends who visited Mr. Ni- myself

, in company with another friend, cholls, and partook of his refined hospi- solemnly attended them through the tality and of' his entertainments at Bluor church-way path, with christian resigdeston, it may possibly have appeared nation and with quiet obsequies, to the that his mode of life required a large house appointed for all living. Yes; it command of fortune, and that an ample is finished. patrimony could alone supply the display of such generosity. Yet his inheritance, Omnia solvuntur jam Matri, et funeris um

Nihil oh tibi, amice, relictum ; which was inconsiderable, and his pro

bris! fessional income, which was not large, defrayed the whole. Ile had indeed the If such a desire be indeed a weakness, it most discerning economy which I ever is at least honourable to our common naobserved in any man; an economy, ture; and I envy not the heart of him which neither precluded liberality to his who is disposed to censure it. equals, nor, what is far more important, Of his higher and important profescharity to his inferiors. The fidelity, the sional duties, Mr. Nicholls was neither attachment, and the conscientious ser unmindfúl nor neglectful. He was revices, of his valuable domestics, some of gular in the discharge of his sacred othces whom hard grown old under his roof, as a clergyman in his parishes, in whica made them rather humble friends than he generally resided between nine and servants; and by the faithful discharge ter months every year; and during this of their several duties, they relieved him residence he read prayers and preach:d from attentions which otherwise must twice every Sunday. There was a pecu

liar propriety and decorum in his manner « Friend of each muse, and favourite of of reading; and though his mode of each Grace,"

preaching was not peculiarly eloquent,

it was impressive, and often affecting. The hour was now approaching rapidly The matter of his sermons tended more when his sun was also to set; for an unto the discussion and enforcement of the perceived decay was undermining his moral duties of the gospel, than to the constitution, and many a flaw hinted consideration of the subtle points of theo- mortality. Yet it must be confessed, logy. His compositions for the pulpit that, with all his cheerfulness of temper, were, as I think, formed chiefly on the with every internal assurance of a wellmodel of Massillon and Flechier, in whose spent life, and with every assistance from writings he was conversant. He con. philosophy and from religion, Mr. Niscientiously adhered to the church of cholls, like many other good and blameEngland from principle, and had an less men, could never sustain in thought aversion to all dispute and controversy. the shock of final separation from the He maintained and recommended, pub- world, without a visible reluctant emolicly and privately, every doctrine which tion when he spoke of death. But ere upholds legitimate government, and pre- we make any remark, surely we may vents confusion political and theological, ask, who is sufficient for these thoughts? Hle loved his country; he loved her laws, Can we answer, One of a thousand? her ordinances, her institutions, her re- However, if there were any weaknesses ligion, and her government: for he knew about him (and who is exempt ?) I think that they have made, and still make, one of thein was that of Alaitering himEngland to be what it is. He abhorred self with an extended prospect of long. every troubler of the state: the specious continued health and strength beyond reformer, the obstreperous tyrannical what is permitted to inan: demagogue, and the disorganizing sophist.

Quæ facili sperabat mente futura lle dreaded also the influence and the Arripuit voto levis, et presentia finxit. principles of the Romish church; and, Ilis appearance indeed never bespoke however they may be softened or ex- his age; and in the best sense of the plained away by modern statesmen, he word, i think he was always young. deprecated their encouragement or their revival among us': but he loved that to- 1809, Mr. Nicholls was attacked by a spe

In the spring and summer of the year leration and freedom which the church cies of cough, the nature or the cause of and constitution of England, steering which he could not ascertain. His coun. between opposite extremes, grant with evangelical discretion to every sect of bore marks of great indisposition, and of

tenance, during that period, sometimes christianity, however distinguished. Indeed, it may be said to his honour as a a tendency to what is called a breaking clergyman, a scholar, and a man of un-up of the constitution. But still he coup common attainments, that he was mo

tinued his accustomed occupations; he derate, enlightened, indulgent, and li- friends, and he promoted their happiness.

enjoyed, as usual, the company of his beral, " Nullius obscuravit gloriam, But his infirmity evidently increased, yet nullius obstitit commodis, nullius ob- without any alarm or apprehension of its strepuit studiis; dignitates non ambivit; fatal tendency. I think, indeed, that quæstum non venatus est."

When he was a child his constitution he had by no means a distinct view or eswas delicate; but as years advanced, by beginning or in the progress of his malady.

pectation of his dissolution, either in the care, by exercise, and afterwards by foreign travel and change of scene and of nation which was so soon to take place,

A very few days before that termi. climate, by a scrupulous attention to he returned home, much indisposed, to his person and to a neatness never ex. Blundeston, where he received every as, ceeded, and by au even placid temper, sistance from his faithful and afflicted his frame acquired a strength, an ala. domestics, and experienced every affeccrity, and a springy activity, which I think tionate attention and relief from a phyaccompanied him to the last, and gave a sician,* for whom, I know, he uniformly zest to his parsuits, and vigour to his fa. and constantly expressed bis esteem, culties. But on all the labours, the and in whose care and skill he placed a troubles, and the enjoyments of our na

confidence unlimited and unvaried. But ture, the night, in which no man can work, lis complaint, which was bilious, inadvances last; and, however unwilling, creased beyond the reach of art ; a disa we must all hear

solution of strength, without a pang -- The due beat

which tortured, or a pain' which exhausted of time's slow-sweeping pendulum, that him, succeeded; and, from the sudden

marks The momentary march of death on man. Dr. Girdlestone, of Yarmouth in Norfolk.


bursting of a blood vessel, he breathed and prejudices of mankind, to support out his virtuous spirit by an instant and the interests of virtue and religion, and quiet expiration.

to promote morality, decency, and order, I now, my dear sir, close my letter. in society. For, however little observed Much I have omitted, and many an in- or acknowledged, it is to the divine incident have I suppressed which your re- stitution of the sabbath, and the constant collection will supply; as I am unwilling and general exercise of the duties and to lessen general interest by minute am- services of religious worship, perhaps plification, nor would I by too eager a more than to every other cause, that zeal frustrate the labour of love. I have we owe the preservation of both public never, in the whole course of my life, and private morality and order in the offered praise to any man when living, or world. This is a cause, of which flung incense on his tomb, from the un- though the operations be silent and we qualified consideration of his rank, of marked, they are constant and universal; his connections, or of his wealth; but to and however lirse their effects may appear genius, to learning, and to virtue, in in particular mstances, it is not easy to wliat station soever united, I have always calculate how great and extensive they paid, and (however unworthy I may he are on the civil, moral, and religious io do so) I hope I always shall pay, my characters and lives of the people, and most deliberate homage. I feel that on the interests of the public in general. this tribute is due to my deceased friend; To estimate these effects aright, let and I know that my pen has been guided us only suppose the institutions and by a pious and disinterested affection, public services of religion entirely aboI hope also that you, or any of our friends lished for a short time, and endeavour, into whose hands it may fall, will either in thought, to trace what the probable approve or excuse this little memorial of consequences would be. In the lower a most valuable and accomplished man, and ordinary ranks of life, (in this counwhom I loved and esteemed when living, try at least, where private and domestic and whose departure I most sincerely religious instruction, admonition, and and most deeply regret.

example, are so shamefully neglected,)

we should probably soon see all regard For the Monthly Magazine. to God, all sense of religion, and even of On the PROPOSED PARLIAMENTARY CON- decency and morality, lost; and the most

SIDERATION of the SITUATION of the debased and abandoned depravity of INFERIOR CLERGY.

character and inorals, and finally barT. WE king, in his speech at the open- barism itself, to prevail.

ing of the session, recommended Now, however light statesmen and to the consideration of parliament, the politicians may hold all these in a merely situation of the interior clergy; and for mɔral and religious point of view, they some time past there has, I think, been must be miserably ignorant of the nature on foot an enquiry respecting all livings of man, and of the history of the world, under 1501. a year; and when lord if they do not know how important they Harrowby, in the house of lords, made are in a civil and political view. Ic a motiou on the subject, it was for an is presumed the British parliament are account of the number and value of fully sensible of their importance in every livings of the poorer clergy.

respect. Yet this great and all-inThus, it would appear, that it is only teresting concern is left almost entirely the beneficed clergy that are intended to the neglected and disregarded curates to be relieved by the proposed consider- of England! ation of parliament. But there is a de For instance: the place from which scription of the clergy, more numerous, I now write consists of two parishes; the more laborious, and more importantly one living is a little above, the other a Oseful, whose situation calls more loudly little below, 1501. Of the incumbents, for consideration and relief, than even the one has not visited his living for these the lowest of the beneficed clergy-1 fifteen years; he has indeed age and inmean the officiating curates of England, firmities to plead in excuse: the other, by wbom, I believe, the greater part of without any such plea, has not seen his the parochial duty in the country is per- living, heard from, nor been beard of in formed; and to whom, in a great mea- it, not even by his curate, for I heliere sure, it is left, under necessity and ob- more than seven years; thongh both of scurity, perhaps neglect and contempt, them reside within less than sixty miles to elude or oppose the perverse passions of their livings, the whole duiy and


charge of which is entirely left to a curate, or most deserves, consideration and rea gentleman, for respectability of charac- lief? But perhaps it will be said that ter as well as general learning, inferior the incumbent, who thus consigns his perlaps to few of his profession; yet, charge so entirely to another, is himself after thirty-nine years laborious and di- discharging equally necessary duty elseligent exercise of that profession, and where. Perhaps he is. And if so, he now approaching to threescore years has also other sources of income elseand ten, he has never possessed the where; perhaps benefice on benefice, till smallest endowment, nor even an occa- be must have a dispensation from the sional income amounting to fourscore laws of his country to enable him to hold pounds a year in his profession. And them. If incumbents are thus so enwhile neither of the rectors, I believe, tirely unconcerned about their cures and in-fifteen years, has bestowed a shilling curates, it would surely be a good reguin charity or hospitality, to encourage lation, that whatever increase of provimerit or relieve distress, in their parishes, sion the legislature may think fit to make, the curate has bestowed many pounds. should be attached to the immediate And yet it seems that such situations as performance of the parochial duty. the former are thought an object of royal Then, if the incumbent is dependent on and parliamentary consideration, while such a living alone, it will be an induce such as the latter are thought below all ment for him to reside on his benefice, concern! Nor is the above mentioned and do the duty of it; if he can live inas a peculiar case, but only as what is dependent of his profession, or has other most immediately under the eye of the preferment, a decent competency and writer. It is true, few curates have votes respectability in his station, may thas be for members of parliament, or much bo. secured for him who shall do the duty. rough or corporation interest or influ. And I think it were a further good and ence, to reconimend them to the notice of just regulation, that wherever an instatesmen and ministers. But the in- cumbent, either to follow his pleasures fluence, or want of influence, of the pa- or being engaged with other, preferments, rochial clergy with respect to the interest consigns his charge entirely to another, of the public, and even of the statesman to perform all the duty, and sustain all and minister, if he have the wisdom to the responsibility, he who thus sus. know it, and to estimate the value of tains the whole charge, should at least morals and order among the people, is receive half the emoluments. If the of more importance than that of all the living be of great value, the incumbent archbishops, bishops, and dignitaries may afford either to live upon it without of the church, put together.

other preferment, or to allow half the It must indeed be allowed that 1501. a income to his curate. If he has other year, or under, at the present rate of preferment, or the living be of small vaevery article of living, is but a moderate lue, it is the more reasonable, and even provision for one who must support the necessary, that the curate should have character and appearance of a gentle- balf of it at least. If, as seems proposed, man. But what shall we then say of the an augmentation be granted to all livings curate, who must support the same cha- under 150l. still the curate's share of the racter and personal appearance, on a bipartite division must be allowed to be provision perhaps under 50l.; or, if he the best deserved, and most properly does not, in the eyes of the unthinking bestowed. And, if all livings are to be multitude, must become contemptible, raised to 1501. and a curate serves two and of course, in a great measure, une cures, which in the country is very geprofitable in his station?

nerally the case, he will then have 150l. If an incumbent has 1901. or upward, also : less than which, indeed, no parowhich he receives as a sinecure, and chial clergyman can, in these times, live consigns entirely not only the clerical upon as becomes his station and characduty (or what is called, perhaps not very ter. Thus, by these two simple regulaproperly, cure of souls), but also the ob- tions, at least a decent provision would ligations to hospitality and charity, and be secured for every officiating clergyman ibe charge of supporting decency and in the kingdom.

MONITOR order by example and influence, to a curate to whom he allows perhaps 25l. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. or 301.; which of the two is the object SIR,

TOUR whose situation of the two most requires, the


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rather to have suggested the means of For the Monthly Magazine. transmitting the time of future compo- A provincial VOCABULARY; containing, sitions, than of any regulation or amend- for the most PART, such WORDS us ure ment of the terms now in use. For current amongst the common PEOPLE of which reason I beg leave, through the DEVONSHIRE und CORNWALL.--1810. means of your truly useful publication, to (Continued from vel. 26, page 54 5.) submit whether a table might not be formed of the different degress of time both of ancient and modern mu- position ; with clots. Clitty bread, that sic so arranged, that on either of the is, close bread. “ The gruel is cliliy," quickest degrees being ascertained by that is, with clots in it. the means of a pendulum (of which the A clut, id. specific gravity as well as the lengih Clocking, clucking: expressive of the should be determined,) the other degrees noise made by a hen that is desirous of might be deduced from them, as in an sitting to hatch ber egys. arithmetical table; and instead of the in- Clone, earthen-ware, that is, kilndefinite terms now used, that the quickest loam. D. c. time might be named tempo primo,the next Clome-shop, delft-shop. D. C. degree tempo sccundo, &c. which, for the Clomen-oven, open of clome or delft. sake of convenience, might be represented “ Devonienses nuncupant yasa fictilia, by figures, placed in the usual situation of omnis generis, clome. Belgis leem esc the terms.

terra figularis." Vid. Jun. It is meant by this arrangement to as- Clopping, lame, limping. C. certain, for instance, at one view, the Clout, a box on the ear. difference between the ancient and mo. Clouted cream, the cream which rises dern adagio, &c. and that the degrees on milk put over a slow fire; not (as is should be placed in order as they are often understood) clotted or coagulated, usually understood. By this means it but spread over the milk like a clout or would be possible to make such small piece over the sole of a she: whence divisions throughout the table, that every clouted shoon. possible difference might be determined Clum,to, to hanulle; to pull about awkwith the greatest precision; and, after a wardly. “ Don't clum 'en 20." D. little practice, wiihout the necessity of Clume buzza, an earthen pan. Exm. so often using the pendulum.

Clunt, to, to soallow. It is remarkThus it will be possible to hand down able that the Welsh have the word iia to futurity the proper time of the music the same sense. we now so much admire; not suffering Clut, glutted. c. it to be lost, as observed of the music Co! co! an exclaination. C. D. of our ancient ecclesiastical compo- Coad, caud, unhealthy; consumplite ; sers.

cored like a rotlen sheep. As to the execution of this object, the Coajerseend, a cordwainer's end. D. c. question may arise, Who can undertake Coajerswax, cordwainer's pilch. C. D. it that will be sufficiently regarded to Coalvarty a bed, to, to warm the bed make an alteration of this sort generally with a Scolch wurming-pan. Exm. adopted? To this it may be answered, Coander, a corner. Exm, c. that the standard is already in a great Cob, clob, mud; loam and straw. D.C. measure fixed, but the various degrees Cob-wall, a mud-wall; a wall made of require regulation and arrangement: loum und struw. and as Dr. Crotch has already written on Cobble-dick-longer-skin. It is custhis subject, this lint may not be deemed tomary to call apples by the names of unworthy his consideration, since I need those who have produced a new variety, not say of what infinite utility some plan by seedlings or otherwise. At Stratton, of this description would be to that sci- and in the neighbouring parts of Devon, ence of which he is so eminent a profese an apple was some time since distinsor; at all events, his excellent speciinens guished by the name of a cobble-dickof style evince him to be the person that longer skin. The man's name, I suppose, will obtain the degree of deference re- was Dick Longerskin; and probably he quired, every one being sensible of the was a cobler.

There an excellent effect of different time on any style of pippin in Cornwall, (almost equal to the composition.

R. golden) called “ Borlase's," or Guildford, April 13, 1810.

Treluddra-pippin," fr m Borluse, whi .3


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