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who still hope to find the solid nucleus caste, representing fishes, birds, and game of the earth. It begins to be embraced of all kinds. Here are three couches of by the geologists of the continent, in masonry, in perfect preservation, upon preference to the systems which they which the ancients reclined during their had before adopted.
meals; and near them is still to be seen ITALY.
a marble foot, which must have served to In the month of October last, a fresh support the table. search was made for antiquities in the ruins of the ancient Pompeii, by order The celebrated traveller, M. HENDENof their Neapolitan majesties. On this STROM, has paid a second visit to the occasioit, the CHEVALIER ARDITI, su- countries discovered to the north of perintendant of the Royal Museum, pre- Siberia, which are denominated in the sented several pieces of ancient pitch, best maps, the country of Listickof, or a vessel full of wheat, a piece of coral, Sannikof. He has found them to be several beautiful paintings, and a lamp of only an island; but farther to the north, baked earth in the form of a leaf, and this traveller discovered a country wabearing a Latin inscription. This lamp tered by considerable streams, which he was covered with a very fine varnish, or thought formed part of the continent. vitrification, which gave it a silvery or
He examined the coasts to the extent of pearly appearance. It seems therefore one hundred and seventy wersts, and that 'those authors are mistaken, who found them covered with great trees assert that this vitrification was not in- petrified, and lying in heaps one upon vented till the fifteenth century, by a
another. The hills are formed of scarcely Florentine sculptor. Their majesties any thing but slates, petrified wood, and having expressed a desire to have some coal. This country he has named New of the ruins dug up under their own in- Siberia. In his researches there, M. spection, the workmen had the good Hendenstrom has found the claws of a fortune to find several pieces of money gigantic bird, which seems to have beof various denominations; a number of longed to a species at present unknown. bronzes, among which was a very fine These claws are described as being each vase, and an urn for wine; some articles a yard in length. The Yakuts have as. formed of bones; a great quantity of sured him, that in their hunting excur. glasses, of various shapes and sizes; and sions, they have frequently met with in particular, several vases improperly skeletons, and even feathers, of the bird, denominated Etruscan, with Latin in. This discovery cannot fail of proving in. scriptions. They also discovered various teresting to naturalists, since it strength. works in marble, some comic masks, a eus the probability that, together with few small but elegant altars, adorned with the Mammoths, Mastodontes, and other basso relievos and weights, marked on gigantic quadrupeds, now extinct, there the upper side with cyphers. Hitherto existed both in the animal and vegetable only a single subterraneous habitation, kingdom, species of corresponding dierroneously called a cantino, but which mensions, and in all probability a world ought rather to have been named crypto- quite different from our own. portico, had been found at Pompeii. In M. Karamsin, historiographer to the the recent excavations, another, consiste emperor, is diligently employed upon a ing of several stories, was discovered. It History of the Russian Empire. He has is remarkable, for having in one corner, already brought it down to the time of a pipe or tube of stucco, intended for thé Dmitrji Donskoi; but does not intend conveyance of smoke. This discovery to give the result of his labours to the seems to set at rest a question long agi- public, till he has arrived at the epoch tated by the learned, whether the an- of the elevation of the Czar Michali cients were acquainted with the use of Fedorowitsch to the throne. It is said vents or chimnies for carrying off smoke. that M. Karamsin has received con. In the same apartments were found siderable assistance from the Wollynian several pieces of marble and alabaster, Annals, discovered by him, together valuable on account of the basso-relievos with the ecclesiastical ordinances of and inscriptions with which they are
John, metropolitan of Kiow, cotempo. adorned. Their majesties then pro. rary with Nestor, and the code of ceeded to a triclinium, or diving-aparte Prince Swatoslaw Olgowitsch, who ment, recently discovered. The walls lived in the 19th century; as also from are covered with paintings in the best the Russian Chronicles of the fourteenth
century, transmitted to himn from Mol twenty inches high. Another has two handavia.
dies fastened on at its neck, which is only Count SANTI, the Russian envoy at
a third part narrower than the lower part : the court of Stockholm, has just pub- the bottom is flat, and the vase itself is two lished a Statistical and Topographical
feet high.” Tableau of the Grand Duchy of Finland.
MEXICO. This work displays the industry and
Few parts of North America have been knowledge of the author, as much as his the subjects of mineralogical research in translation in French verse of the mas.
so great a degree as this country. The ter-pieces of the Swedish poet KEL. mines with which it abounds, have been GREN, announces his talents and refined explored by the Spaniards' with much
care: the government has encouraged taste.
scientific chemists to analyse the ores, M. Fauvel, a correspondent of the and has established a seminary of mines French National Institute, and resident ralogy at Mexico. The Mineralogical at Athens, has addressed a letter from Tables of M. KARSTEN, superintendant that place to M. Mongez, from which of mines to the king of Prussia, have
been translated into Spanish by don the following is an extract:
“I have already informed you of a disco. Andros Manuel Del Rio, and printed very that has been made here, on the subject
at Mexico, with an addition of peculiar of the ancient Athenian festival called Hy- value, adapting them to the state of the drophoriæ, concerning which our knowledge science in that country. The first four beforewas very imperfect. This was a ceremony columns of the tables contain the classes, in memory of Deucalion's flood, and its cele. orders, genera, and species, of the mibration consisted partly in casting vessels into nerals; and the sixth, the ingredients of wells and streams of water. On the 10 h which they are composed, according to of July, 1808, M. Roque, a French mer.
the latest investigations. In the fifth chant residing here, having employed some column, don Andros has given a capital workmen to clean out his well, which is situated near the entrance of the agera (the by indicating the particular places in
example of mineralogical topography, market,) they found several remains of anti- the district of Mexico, in which the this point. The first objects of their disco minerals described by European writers very were a quantity of common earthenware have been discovered ; leaving blank vases, unvarnished, of different forms and those articles which have not come with sizes. Fifteen feet below these, were about in his observation, to give an opportuEwenty Athenian medals of bronze, repre. nity to students and others of supplying senting incidents in the story of Theseus, these deficiencies. By these means we and bearing the legend AGHNAINN. There may venture to hope that in the course was also a handsome marble figure of a philo- of a few years we shall possess a know. sopher, with scrolls bound together lying at ledge not only of all the minerals of his feet: this piece was only eight inches in Mexico, but likewise of the spots in Jength, and of capital workmanship; but the which they are found. Don Andros has head was wanting. With these were several besides given, in bis edition of these pipes, spatulas, ear-pickers, and dice; the tables, many original particulars con. bast much resembling those used at present: cerning the four classes of earths, stones, all these articles had become of an emerald salts, and metals: he has also added to colour, through the operation of the water, the value of his work, which is printed in which appeared of a vitriolic quality. There small folio, by an account of the fossils were, besides, artificial pineapples and peach that have been lately described by M. stones, very little injured by time. The Hauy in his Mineralogy; and has made well in question is of the depth of a hundred use of informatic; which he has derived feet: at the bottom were found some thin from M. HUMBOLDT, the celebrated leaves of lead, which I unfolded, but they traveller. bore no marks of having been used for writing On some of the vases are written the lished at Mexico, the second part of
Don Andros Del Rio has also pub. following names, with a pen and ink :
the Elements of Oryctology, arranged ΧαΜΟΦΟΙΤΟΥ, and CΝ ΜΙΤΡΟΔωΡα ΑΝΑ : and on a piece of lead, with a hole in it for according to the system of M.'WERNER. the purpose of putting a string through, is This work, which was composed expressly written EiCiAwPor. One of the vases is for the use of the royal school of minerastill covered with bitumen, and was cer. logy, is embellished with three geological tainly used for keeping winc: it has no engravings, designed from the opinions of handles, and is pointed at the bottom, and Humboldt on the structure of the earth.
rock, and other component parts of Professor George Müller, of Schaff- mountains in the Grisous, hausen, announces the speedy appear- gested to the government the propriety ance of the posthumous works of his late of employing M. Escher, a geologist of brother, the historian of Switzerland. Zurich, to survey that country. He has They will form eighteen volumes. His accordingly published the result of his Universal History, in twenty-four books, enquiries, from which it appears that the will be published in the course of the valley of Nolia, behind the village of present year.
This work is founded Thusis, and the valley of Plesner, near upon extracts made by the deceased Coire, are threatened with the visitation from 1833 historical works, ancient and of avalanches, unless measures of premodern.
caution be speedily adopted. A society for the education of the
POLAND, blind, has lately been established at The Royal Society of the Friends of Zurich. The present number of pupils the Sciences at Warsaw, has published is fifty; and what is singular, the head an address to the Polish nation, the obmaster, M. PUNKE, is blind. He is de- ject of which is to procure contributions scribed as an excellent teacher, and an for the purpose of defraying the expenses ingenious mechanic.
of a splendid monument, intended to be The calamities experienced at different erected to the imunortal astronomer and times' in Switzerland, from the sudden mathematician, Copernicus, in Thorn, rolling down of prodigious masses of his native city.
OF THE ROYAL ACA
Tdemy of the
British School of Painter's
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, Communication of Articles of Intelligence, &c. ure requested under Cover to the Cure of the Publisher.
cal pictures, 36 fancy subjècts, 220 DEMY OF LONDON, 1810.
portraits, (exclusive of about 210 miniaSupe Destino d'áget) tiger årfçãv, rai páda avyo tures,) 50 landscapes, 20 subjects of still går.
life and Aowers, 140 architectural drawNze di xal m' éyatoiou étiotaiuto da páxereas. ings and designs, 50 pieces of sculpture, Homeri Iliad. lib. xiii.
of which 34 are busts. HE above is the motto which the aca
The following members of the academy
are among the exhibitors : have chosen for their catalogue of this
exhibita year, and which the learned Dr. Clarke Beechey, sir William thos renders :
Bourgeois, sir Francis « Utilis-certe in unum-collata virtus Copley, John Singleton est virorum, etiam valde imbellium :
Callcott, Augustus Wall Nos autem et cum fortibus novimus pug. Daniell, Thomas nare."
Fuseli, Henry Pope, in the following couplet:
Flaxman, John.. “Not vain the weakest, if their force unite; loward, Henry But our's, the bravest have confess'd in Lawrence, Thomas
De Loutherbourg, P. J. And Cowper, in the following energetic Marchant, Nathaniel lines:
Nollekens, Joseph “ The feeblest and the worst Northcote, James
.8 Find strength in union; and our force in arms Owen, William Has foil'd, ere now, the bravest and the best.” Phillips, Thomas.
.5 Some wicked wits might apply the Rigaud, J. F. above quotation to a resignation of the Rossi, Charles presidency, the encouragement of archi- Stochard, Thomas
.3 tecture, architectural lectures, &c. but Shee, M. A.
.7 - verbum sat.
Turner, J. M. W. On Monday, April 30, the forty-second Thomson, Henry exhibition of the Works of British artists West, Benjamin was opened to the public.
The works Woodford, S. exhibited amount to 905, and are in the following proportion ;-About 15 bistori- Bigs, W. R...
exhibits tures of the year: Andromache is kneel. Bone, Henry
ing at the feet of Ulysses, grasping his Clarke, Theophilus
robe energetically with her righi hand, Downman, lohn
wbile her left arm encircles her beloved Daniell, William.
Astyanax, whom a soldier is rudely Drummond, Samuel.
spatching from her protection : Ulysses Dawe, George Garrard, George
sternly wraps liimself in bis robe with a Gandy, Joseph...
denying aspect. The scene is at the Hone, Horace.
tomb of Hector; and the ruins of Troy Oliver, A. J.
are smoking in the distance :'lbe unities Reinagle, P.
are well preserved, the action is well Westmacott, Richard
told, and no needless accessories for the Ward, James....
sake of what is termed grouping, disturb
the simplicity of the story. The drawing Fittler, James
is excellent, the expression of Ulysses Making 39 exhibitors, members of the and Andromache well imagined, and the academy, out of 459, the whole number exhibiting; and forming 149 articles, furnished finished.
whole of the picture carefully and well by the Royal Academy, out of the whole number, 905, exhibited.
51. Calypsı, after the Departure of Ulysses, This exhibition does not, from the Telemacbus, Book I. $. Woodforde, R. A. paucity of historical pictures and other This has somewhat of the affectation works of that class of art which requires of sunny effect, and faces in demi-tint, an exertion of the mental powers, rank that marked Mr. Woodford's pictures of so high as some of preceding years, yet last year. Calypso is gracefully imagined; though it fails comparwively with past and the picture is, on the whole, an excelyears, it has positively a considerable lent one. claim to a high degree of praise. The encouragement (as far as employment 92. Cbrist teacbeth to be bumble. B. West, R.A. may be so called,) that is now afforded
This is a variation of the president's to the artists of the British school, is picture in the chapel of the Foundling flattering to their talents, and proves that Hospital, with fewer accessories. Mr. a taste for the fine arts is very generally West's well-deserved fame does not rest diffusing itself through the nation; which, on this picture, which, notwithstanding if rightly directed, will prove of high ad- its rapidity of execution (report says 15 vantage to British art, and stamp its cha: days) does not appear at all slight or racter high in the temple of taste : but if sketchy. It is firmly, though ihinly, suffered to run riot after effect and man- painted: Christ is dignified and mild; the ner, may probably siok it below the carnations of the child, and female by its level of ihe Dutch and Flemish schools side, are bland and natural. The sweetof fac-similists and face-painters.
ness of the chiaroscuro, diffused over the The bistorical works demand the first at- picture by local colours and shades, is tention; and the first which strikes atten
one of its greatest merits; and renders tion, and which, from its inmensity of it as delightful to the eye as it is satisfacsize, cannot be easily passed over, is
tory to the mind. 3. Hercules, to deliver Theseus, assails and 114. Titania, Puck, &c. H. Tbomson, R. A. wounds Pluto. H. Fuseli, R. A.
Titania is asleep on a bank; her starry This picture is composed in the usual crown and sceptre, tipt with a butterfly, nervous style of Fuseli, which seems form a rich accessorial and characteristic founded on an aggravation of the style of fore-ground. Puck is waggishly retiring. Michelangiolo. The drawing is vigorous This is a fancy piece of that merit which and extravagant: Ilercules is well poised, deserves to be reckoned among the stock muscular, and boldly foreshortened; Pluto works of the British school. is terrific'; Proserpine too livid in color, and graceless in form: Night is admirably 142. The Death of ebe Earl of Arggie. y. imagined, and Cerberus characteristic. Northcote, R. ,. The colouring may be suited to the scene; This truly historical picture deserves but the flesh cannot, by any licence of the most serious attention from every language, be called carnation, neither admirer of the grand and sublime in is it naturally fleshy.
history. Argyle (according to the anec4. Andromache imploring Ulysses to spare obe Life dote related in Mr. Fox's history of the
of ber Son. G. Dawe, A.R.A. early part of the reign of James the This is among the best historical pice Second, page 218,) is calmly enjoying a
sweet and tranquil slumber; a member new orchestra, and proscenium, and of the council who condeinned him, is newly decorating the fronts of the boxes: regarding him with the strongest marks the whole is tastefully designed'; and, of borror and compunction at seeing this with the exception of the figures in the extraordinary sight only two short hours proscenium, which are too straygling and previous to his execution: the goaler is negligently grouped, it is rendered the pointing with the key of the prison to
finest samniner theatre in London. his sleeping prisoner. It is difficult to
INTELLIGENCF.. say which is best treated in this fine Proposals are just issued for publishing picture; the borror, remorse, and con- by subscription, a print from the picture science-stricken countenance of the
of the Blind Fiddler, painted by D. counsellor, the calm and truly tranquil Wilkie, A. R. A. in the collection of appearance of Argyle, or the penetrating sir George Beaumont, to whom it will be countenance of the goaler. It could not dedicated; the size of the print will be be treated better; neither are the sinaller 24 inches by 19, to be engraved in the minutiæ less observed; the painting of line manner by J. Burnett. The price the costuine is as fine a piece of pictorial of the prints, one guinea and a half; deception as canvas can boast.
proofs, three guineas. Among the portraits most deserving posals, with full particulars, may be notice, for graceful attitudes and excellent had of Messrs. Boydell and Co. 90, colouring, are—32. Portrait of lord Gren- Cheapside; Mr. Wilkie, 84, Portlandville, by T. Phillips, R. A.; 61. Lord Street; Mr. Burnett, 4, Oxendon-street, viscount Castlereagh, by T. Lawrence, Haymarket; by whóun subscriptions are R. A.; 72. A Lady of Quality, sir W. received. Mr. Burnett is the engraver Beechey, R. A.; 189. Countess Cowe who engraved the print of the Jew's Harp, per, W. Owen, R. A; 197. O. Gilchrist, after the same painter, which was no esq. F. S. A., J. Lonsdale; and some ticed in the Magazine for January last. otliers that will be mentioned next month. Mr. Soane, professor of architecture In landscape: Turner, Calcott, Barker, in the Royal Academy, has announced, Pether, Mrs. C. Long (honorary,) are
his intention of publishing (and that it pre-eminent. In fancy subjects: Owen, is in the press,) an Explanation of the Thomson, and Howard. To architec- Causes of ihe Suspension of his Lectures ture: Soane, Gandy, Porden, Gwilt, at the Royal Academy in the last season, Wilkins. And in sculpture: Flaxınan, the with observations on the new law of hon. Mrs. Damer (honorary,) Rossi, council for probibiting their lecturers Westmacott, Bubb.
from animadverting on the works of (To be continued.)
living British artists; wiih plates illusThe Water-colour Exhibition, Mr. trative of some inodern buildings. This Westall's ditto, and some others, are certainly does require some explanation ; deferred for want of room till next and it is happy for the studenis that the nionth,
prosessor has undertaken it, and it is The Surrey Theatre, (late the Royal Circus,) much to be boped that it will lead to a
altered,, &c. under the Direction of C. A. re-commencement of thein next winter, Rusby, architect.
British Institution for the Encourage. Every public work of architecture de- ment of the Fine Arts.--The directors of serves either censure or praise, and this patriotic society met on Thursday, should be noticed according to its merits, the 37th ult. at their rooms in Palla to deter unfit men from corrupting the mall, for the purpose of awarding prenational taste, and bringing discredit on minms to the successful candidates for the nation by their ignorant whims and ab- the prizes in historical painting. The surdities. This theatre was originally erecto following is their decision :-To Mr. Hay. ed by Mr J. Donaldson, jun. (now decea- don, the premium of one hundred gui. sed)for the purpose of equestrian seats; the neas for his historical picture of “ The place of the pit was therefore a ride, and Assussination of Dentatus." To Mr. Hi. the boxes kept low. Mr. Busby bas ton, the premiuip of fifty guineas for his substituted a pit which, hy running under historical picture of “ The Surrender of the boxes, is thereby rendered very Caluis." Critical observations on both spacious. The small height of the boxes these pictures may be found in the Ma. must have been a considerable difficulty, gazine for last month. but it is well surmounted: the rest of the alterations are making a cupola The noblemen and gentleinen, with his ceiling springing from arches, supported "highness the Duke of Gloucester as at their springings by eagles; making a president, patrons of the plan for the Mostnir Mag. No. 199.