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states that trees when they begin to timberize, farmer. His remains were attended to the increase in value one shilling yearly. What grave by a numerous family, and upwards of then may we suppose the increasing value of seventy of his grand and great-grandchildren. this patriotic gentleman's estate will be in a He possessed the use of all hus faculties to the few years. How provident a steward has he last hour; had never been confined above two proved himself for his successors, and what hours by illness ; never wore any other dress obligation has the kingdom at large been laid than the Highland garb in the course of his under by his example!
long life, and was a man much esteemed by his . Married.] At Carmarthen, Lieut. Hunt, numerous acquaintance for his singularly of the 96th regiment, to Miss Vaughan, pleasing manners. eldest daughter of Capt. V. of the Royal Ac Oxenford Castle, sir John Dalrymple Navy.-Capt. Henry Esmond, to Miss Mary Hamilton Meegill, bart. at the advanced age Noots.The Rev. F. H. Papendick; M A to of 84. He was many years a baron of his Miss B. A. Wiljans, youngest daughter of the majesty's exchequer in Scotland, and distinlate Thomas W. esq. of Velinne wyud, in the guished himself as an author by his Memeirs county of Brecon.
of Great Britain and Ireland, Tracts on Feu. At Llandewy Velfrey Church, near Nar- dal Law, and various other able and useful berth, M. Tardrew, of Carmyrthen, to Miss publications. He lived in habits of the George, eldest daughter of Thomas G. esq. strictest intimacy with the first characters of of Cwmllar, Pembrokeshire.
his time, and availed himself of every opporAt Llanvechen, Robert Perrott, esq of tunity which his active mind and influence Brynhyddon, to Miss Magdalene Evans, afforded him of promoting the welfare of his sidest daughter of Edward E. esq. of Llanfro- country, duing a period of its history partigan, in the county of Montgomery.
cularly eventful. He is succeeded in his Ai Pembroke, Mr. John Joliffe, of Southe title and estates by his eldest sun, the present ampton, to Miss Maria Kynaston, third sir John, who is a colonel in the Guards. daughter of Thomas K esq. of Caldy Island, Aged 75, James Fraser, tenant in f'omonear Tenby.
voidi, parish of Boleskine. He was one of Died.} 'At Haverfordwest, Dorothy Ri. the Fraser highlanders who distinguished chards, 109. She enjoyed good health all themselves so eminently at the capture of within a few days of her death.
Quebec, under the immortal Wolfe. It is Dirs. Jones, the wife of Price J. esq. of remarkabe, that within the narrow circle Coltronnydd, and youngest daughter of Colo. around Tumovoidt, there are still surviving nel Browne, of Mellington.
five more who witnessed that glorious event: At Llangollen, Mrs. Mather, late of one of these is captain Fraser, of BuncheWrexham.
gavie, and another is captain Fraser, of At Bangor, the Rev. Hugh Owen, D.D. Erogie. precentor of the Cathedral,rector of Aberfraw,
IRELAND. in the county of Angleses, and of Llanllitny, In Queen's County, the earl and countess in the county of Carnarvon.
of Charleville have been most benevolently At Mansant, Carnarvonshire, Edward employed in founding schools for four hun. Duncan, esq-The Rev. Evan Herbert, cu- dred children, on Mr. Lancaster's plan. The rate of Llanbeblig, Carnarvonshire. earl has erected suitable buildings at his own
At Llanerch Park, in the county of Flint, expense. The countess has sent over a H. Leo, esq. major of the Flintshire militia; schoolmaster, who has been some weeks with by bis death, the beautiful seat in the Vale Mr. Lancaster, at the Royal Free School, of Clwyd, and valuable den.esnes, become Borough Road, to be instructed in his plan. the property of the Rev. W. W. Davies, re- The bigh sheriff of the county of Cavan has storing to the ancient line an estate it had been very assiduous in the institution of possessed for many centuries.
schools, which are productive of much good, At Swansea, Airs. Rees, relict of John R. by diffusing the benefits of that knowledge of esq. of Killymacnlwydd, Carmarthenshire. which Ireland stands so greatly in need.
Ac Cardiff, Mrs. Mary Nichell, widow of Died.) At Ardglass, the right hon, Charles William N. esq. of Cae Main, Glamorgan. James Fitzgerald, lord Lecale, vice admiral of NORTH DRITAIN.
the red, uncle to the present duke of LeinDied.] At Dumfries, John M George, ster, 52. osq. of Culloch, one of the magistrates of Ac Corr Hill, county Cavan, W. Haiko Dauties.
ness, esq. 192. To the Island of Lewes, West Highlands of On the Copeland Island, near Donaghewer, Scotland, a poor woman of the name of Flora M. Strattan, 105 ; she apphed herself to her Macdonald, at the advanced age of 120 wheel, and spun until a few days before she seans, retaining the perfect use of her facul. died, and retained the use of her faculties ties till the last
until her death. Died 1 At Edinburgh, Mrs. Dundas, sister in Cork, Mrs. Catherine Sutterford, 103. of viscoun: Melville,
Died.) At the advanced age of 121 years, SeAt Craigag, in the parish of Kirkhill, at rah Malcomson, of Drumgoolin, near Raththe advanced age of 102, Mr. James Fraser, try Land. She was the life in different leases,
taken out about the year 1694, at about 1s. which adorned, his character. Never was 6d. an acre.
there any man who united, in an higher deAt his house in Stephen's Green, Dublin, gree, the accomplishments of the gentleman John Law, D. D. bishop of Elphin, and bro- with the attainments of the scholar. His ther to Lord Ellenborough. This truly polished thanners, his refined söntiments, his venerable prelate was a man of profound easy flow of wit, his classical taste, and his eruditiun, and his whole life was devoted to profound erudition, rendered his conversation the practice of those moral and religious as fascinating as it was instructive : the rare duties which he so forcibly is.culcated in his qualities of his heart procured for him the excellent discourses from the pulpit.—The most devoted attachment of relatives and following authentic anecdote deserves friends, the affectionate regard of all who to be recoried, as furnishing a useful instance knew him. A frame of peculiar delicacy ine of the wise and genuine liberality of his capacitated Mr. W. for the exercise of an ac. character. When he took possession of the tive profession, and early withdrew his mind See of Killala, and learnt that almost the from the busy bustle of the world to the whole of the populacion were Roman Catho- more congenial occupations of literary retirem lics, he used these expressions, “ That it was ment. The intervals of exemption from pain a hopeless tisk to make them protestants, it and sickness, which are usually passed in would answer every purpose to make them languor or in pleasure, were by him devoted good catholics :" and with this view he got to the cultivation of those favouri-e departe printed, at his own expense, and distributed menis of literature to which he was guided gratis through the diocese, a new edition of not less by natural caste than by early associathe works of the Rev. John Gother, which tion. To seek for that best of blessings breathe the piety, and, in plain and intelli- health, which his own climate denied him, gible language, inculcate the morality, of the Mr. W. was induced to travel : the arbible. The same liberality distinguished dent mind of this young enthusiast in the every action of bis life, and is particularly cause of letters, which had drunk deep from observable in his wil. He has left to the the classic fountains of antiquity, and, had Rev. James Whitelaw, vicar of St. Cathe- imbibed the most profound admiration for the rine's, Dublin, 500). Of this gentleman his heroes and the sages of old rejtetted not lordship knew nothing but his virtues and his constitucional debility, but seized he bcliterary acquirements; but to such a man as casion which invited him to chat sa red thea. Dr. Law, they were the best recommen- tre, on which the greatest characters bad dation. He had previously bestowed upon figured, and the noblest works bad be:n him the living in the diocese of Elphin, held achieved. He visiced I'aly; he embraced by the late Dr. Sandford ; and in his last and with enthusiasm thac nurse of arts and of tedious sickness, was often heard to express arms; he trod with devotion her classic his satisfaction, that lie lived to have an op: ground, consecrated by the ashes of heroes, portunity of shewing him this ma k of his and immortalized by the effusions of poets; friendsbip and esteem. To Dr. William he studied her language ; he observed her Magee, senior fellow of Trinity college, Dub. Customs and her manners; he admired the lin, he has bequeathed a like sum of five inimitable remains of ancient art, and mourn. hundred pounds. Tbis gentleman had also ed over the monuments of modern degradation; no recommendation but his literary talents. he conversed with her learned men; he was To Dr. Brinkley, professor of astronomy in enrolled in her academies, and became alTrinity college, Dublin, he has bequeathed most naturalized to the country. Feriber five thousand pound with all his books, va particulars will be given in our next. lued at three thousand pounds. His lord
DEATHS ABROAD. ship died worth forty-five thousand pounds,
At Madeira, where he went for the reco -' and his legacies, including one thousand pourds to his brother, Lord Ellenborough, very of his health, Francis Henry Bamber to amouni, in the whole, to sixteen thousand esq. 22, son of the late Robert Lambert, e pounds. The remaining twenty-nine thou
of Norchester, and fellow of New Colleges
Oxford. sand pounds is bequeathed, one-half to his
At her residence, on Gay Hills, in, the widow, Mrs. Law, and the other half distributively between his brothers and sisters, parish of St. Thomas in the Vale, Jamaica, of whom four survive him.
at the very advanced age of 120 years, Mrs. At St. Valen, near Bray, after a
Elizabeth Fletcher, a native of the island, lingering and painful illness, which he bore
and relict of the late Jacob Fletchet, esą of with the patience and resignation of a claristian, all her faculties, enjoyed a good appetit-,
White Hall estate, St. Anne. She retained Joseph Cooper Walker, esq. member of many and possessed her usual flow of spiristotne loss of this accomplished scholar will be period of her death, and dive duties of long and deeply deplored by all true votaries her domestic concerns till ito lase three of science and the fine arts; but, those years ; she was of a lively and cheerfu disa only who have had the happiness to be in. position. Her daughter, at 6 goud old age cluded in the circle of his friends, can justly of eighty, attended to her whes ad com, crte which dignified, and the numerous graces
at the close of this long life, MONTHLY MAG, No. 199,
MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. BPTICTRADE AND MANUFACTURES.-W: are surry it is not in our power to
state that any alteration has taken place for the het er, in those important sources of our * national presperity, since last we hai occasion to notice them. The manufactures of Birsningham and Manchester, especially the latter, are unusually dull. The workmen generally employed in the cotton mills of Manchester, have refused to work without an advance of wages, and the consequence is that several mills are literally standing still, Aecounts from that town seem to afford but very little hope of the differences being soon settled. Twist, both of Liverpool and Manchester, is dull of sale, and prices rather declining. A proclamation has recently been issued, extending the operation of the Act permitting the importation of corn, and other articles of provision, to the 25th of March, 1811. The ex portation of corn, grain, or flour, to Ireland is prohibited ; and from the articles of importation, under the head of provisions, salced beef and pork are excluded. The following is an account of the importation of wheat into the port of London from July 1809 to July 1810:
1809. July to 30th September, 83,972 quarters.
30th December, 97,831 1810.
31st March 264,75%
7th April 25,672 14th April 47,015
This quantity exceeds the importation of any year since 1765. During fourteen years previous to that period, the country gained, on an average, the annual profit of $30,0001. OR the export of corn. In the present state of our importation the loss is very considerable, as will be seen by referring to our last month's report, in which we have accurately stated the sum paid to foreign nations for corn, during the space of six monts. The value of the above stated quantity of wheat imported into London in less than nine months, averaging the cost at 41. 10s. per quarter, amounts to no less a sum than 2,111,5981. sterling, which has actually been paid in specie by our traders.
EAST INDIES AND CHINA. The alterations which have taken place in the prices of East India commodities since our last, are so trifling, that we deem it unnecessary to notice them. Most of the articles remain stationary, and the sales are dull. On the 8th of May, the Company sold the following prize goods, viz. 123 bags cloves, 28.7d. to 3s. 1d.; thir. teen bags, ditto. 63. 11d. to 76. 1d. Seventeen bales cinnamon at 10d. and one chest nutmegs (1s. 3d, allowed by the company, and the customs for the shells) at 45. 3d. per lb. the duties to pay for home consumption. On the 11th a large sale of indigo took place, the result of which was as follows :' (the duties to pay for home-consumption.) Company's. 1018 chests of indigo at 6s. 3d. to 129. 1d. Private trade and privilege, ditto. 1896 chests of indigo 5s. 1d. to 13s. 6d. per lb.
WEST INDIES.-The convoy sailed from Portsmouth for the West Indies on the 29th of April, under the protection of a frigate. We are glad to find that some of the West India articles begin to look up once more. Jamaica rum is in regular request both at London and Liverpool, and considerable sales of Leewards have lately been made for the navy. The Jamaica fetches from 4s. 4d. to 6s. 44.; and that of the Leeward Islands, from Ss 8d. to 45. 1d. per gallon. Sugars remain in rather a torpid state. Jamaica, Montserras, Nevis, and St. Vincent's, are quoted at prices from 31. 14s. to 41 4s. ; and Antigua, Barbadoes, (Muscovade,) Dominica, Tobago, Tortola, and St. Lucia, from 3), 13s. to 41. 3s. per cwt. Coffees continue extremely languid. Fine, sells from 61. 10s. to 71. good, from 61. co 71. and ordinary, from 41. co 51. 155. per cwc. Cotton-wool is also dull of sale, and scarcely any alteration has taken place in the prices since car last quotations. Logwood is become more depressed than it was last month. The Jamaica chipt, fetches from 371. to 381. per cwt. Jamaica ginger, (white) 5 guineas to 81. 10.; dicto, (black,) Si. 18s. to 41. 6s.; Barbadoes, . 11s. to 41. 158. per cwt Jamaica fustick, 221. to 231. 10s. ; Cuba, ditro, 251.. to 271. per ton.
NORTH AMERICA. The commercial relations between this country and Great Britaia remain prxcisely in the same situation as at the period of our last publication; but the expectation of a war between France and the United States, and the consequent abolition of the non-intercourse Act with regard to England, is more confidently entertained than ever. The clandestine, or rather the overlooked trade, is stilt carried on between our ports and those of the United States; but it is not quite so brisk as it appeared about two months ago. Towards the commencement of May a report was in circulation, but on insufficient grounds, that numerous seizures had been made in the harbours of the United States, under the arrangements enacted by the non-intercourse laws; but by letters recently received, it is become evident that the rumour originated in a transaction under official authority, of a very confined nature., North American cotton wool, like that of other parts of the world, is in
ao considerable demand; that of Georgia, fetches from 18. 4d, to 25. 6d. ; and New Orleans, 15. 544. to 1s.7d per 16. Tar is lower than it was last month. The prices nw are 11. 145. to 11. 175. per barrel Pitch has experienced a proportional decline ; the highest price of the day is 13s. per cwt. Turpentine goes off pretty regularly. Timbis, it is nearly superfluous to state, is an excellent article at the present moment. American oak sells well from 141 to 181. 10s.; dicto plank, 11). 10s. to 151. ; ditto pine, 81. to 9 guineas; plank, 111. 10s. to 151. 10s. per last. Pot-ashes are in fair demand; the market prices are from 21. 10s to Sl. 198 ; pearl, quite neglected; prices quoted 21. 145 to 31. 10s. The demand for tobacco at Liverpool is completely suspended, and even in the London-market the article is very dull of sale. Maryland of different colours, fetches from 5d. to 16d.; and Virginia ditco, from 7d. to 11d. per lb. Wheat and flour meet with a very ready sale; fine qualities of the I former are scarce.
SOUTH AMERICA.-Very severe measures have been adopted at Buenos Ayres against those of the English who have endeavoured to introduce goods without passing the customs, although not detected in the act. Imprisonment is the punishment resorted to in these cases, and some English traders have very narrowly escaped so severe a penalty. The aspect of trade both at Buenos Ayres and Rio de Janeiro is said to be very unpromising. During the week previous to the compilation of our report, 100 bags of coffee were imported from Rio Janeiro. We have seen the article, and consider it to be about the pitch of Jamaica coffee, with which however it can never enter into con.petition in the British markets, owing to the difference of freight, &c. The prices of South American commodities are as follow: Buenos Ayres tallow, Si. 10s. to 31. 1is. per cwt Brazil cotton, 2s. 24d. to 28. 6d. per Ibe Brazil wood, 1421 to 1501. ; and Brazilletto 271. 108. to 301. per ton. Garbled cochineal, 2. to 21. 4s. per lb. Guatimala indigo, of different qualities, 8s. 6d. to 165. Caraccas ditto. 8s. to 155. 9d. per Ib. Brazil rice, il. to 11. 3s. per cwt. Brazil roll tobacco, 9d. to 100. ditto leaf, 5d. to 6d. per lb
BALTIC.-The fears which we stated the Baltic traders to have entertained towards the close of the last month, seem to have been dissipated by the preparations made for the present season. The outward-bound feet, which is reported to be one of the largest that has ever sailed hence to the Baltic, took its departure from Sheerness on the 4th of May, under convoy of the Sterling gun-brig. In answer to a petition from the merchants and ship-owners of Hull, the lords of his majesty's most honourable privy council have stated, " that they will not recommend the granting of any licences to foreign vessels to import timber from any ports of the Baltic, &c. where British ships may be allowed to enter;" but they add,“ that owing to the extension of the war, and the consequent necessity of employing foreign boftoms, it is totally out of their power to withhold licences from such vessels in every case." The reply of the privy-council further states, that it is the intention of government to impose additional duties on the importation of foreign cimber, with a view to give a decided preference to timber the growth of his majesty's colonies in North America. Dantzic fir, tecches from 12l. to 131.; and Memel ditto, from 121. to 121. 15s. per last. Christiana deals sell from 54l. to 601. Stockholm ditto, from 621. to 651. Memel, from 351. to 361.; and Dantzic, from 21. 128. to 21. 16s. per pl. Dantzic wax, 151. to 15 guineas per cwt. Stockholm tar, 21. 55. to 21. 6s. per barrel. Ditto pitch, 19sa to 20s. per cwt.Isinglass, leaf, 26s. 6d. to 275. 6d. ; ditto book, 27s.6d. to 295. Short staple, 31s. to 32s.;, and staple, 328. to 33s. per lb. Swedish iron, in bars, 211. to 23). 10s.; Norway ditto, 241. to 251.; Archangel, 251. 10 261. per ton. Riga fax, 901. to 921. ditto. Hemp, Riga Rhine, 711. to 721. ; ditto, outshot, 701. to 711. per ton. Hog's bristles, 171. to 171. 15s. per cwt. Baltic linseed, 31. 16s. to 41.9s. The prices of this article have declined since our last. On the whole, the prices of Bakic produce are unsteady; those articles which go off best are hemp, fax, and timber.
HOLLAND.-Notwithstanding the precautions which are used all along the Dutch coasts in order to prevent the admission of any thing British, it is most certain that a brisk trade is still carried on between England and Holland. At the very period in which we write, a shipment of 350 bales of manufactured goods is taking place at the port of London destined for Holland, or rather for France, the former being only a medium of communication be. tween our ports and the principal cities of the latter. Coccon-hose of British manufacture is a most excellent article in this trade; we have known a few bales to fetch upwards of three times their original cost at Paris, within the last four months.
MEDITERRANEAN.-The greater part of the homeward-bound Mediterranean fleet is just arrived in the Downs; by the letters which it brings, we find that the French cruizers do dreadful injury to the trade in the Mediterranean sea. We sincerely hope that some means will speedily be adopted to put a stop to the depredations of those pirates. Italian thrown silk sells at prices from 50s. to 64s. ; and raw ditto, from 24s. 60. to +4$. per 1b, Italian liquorice, from 111. to 121. Alicant soap, 71. 155. to 8l. per cwt. Italian kid-skins, undrest, 141. to 16 guineas; ditto lamb-skins, ditio, 101, 121, per 20 skins. Gallipoli oil, 751. to 771. ; Genoa ditto, 1851. to 238l. per ton ; Lucca, 25 gal.jar, 241. to 261. Bologna argul, 6l. 128. 6o 61. 188. ; Leghorn ditto, 4.. 125, co 6l.; Naples dicto, 31. 153. to 5) per
cwt. Carthagena barilla, 31. to 31. 4s. : Sicilian ditto, 21. 158. to 21. 178. Melaga sbue niack, 11. 10s. to 11. 12a.
Prices of Canal, Dock. Fire-office, and Water Works, Shares, &c. 21st May, 1810. Grand Junction Canal, 2851. per share. Wilts and Berks ditto, 611. ditto.-Kennet and Avon ditto, 47. 10s. ditto.-Huddersneld ditto, 411. ditto.-Lancaster ditto, 271. ditto.--Grand Surry dit , 761. ditto. Croydon ditto, 4ol. ditto.-Globe Fire and Life Insurance, 1301. per sbare. Albion ditto, 601. ditto. - Imperial Fire ditto, 801. ditto.-Rock Life Assurance, 213. per shire, premium.- London Dock Stock, 1311. per cent.-West India ditto, 1751. ditto.--East India ditto, 1341. ditto.-Commercial ditto, 92l. per share premium.--East London Water Works, 2311. pershare. --West Middesex ditto, 2101. ditto. --South London ditto, 132. ditto. -Kent, 371. per share premium.--Commercial Road, 401. per cento premium.- Dover-street, ditto, 91. ditto.--Strand Bridge, 41. per share discount.--Vauxhall Bridge, 21. ditco.
The average prices of Navagable Canal Property, Duck Stock, Fire-office Shares, &c. in May, 1810, (to the 26th) at the Office of Mr. Scott, 28, New Bridge-street, London.Staffordshire and Worcestershire canal, dividing 401. per share clear per annum, 735l. to 750.-Grand Juuction, 2601. to 2861 - Monmouthshire, 31. per share half yearly, 1421. to 1351:-Stourbridge, 2601. to 2861. Monmouthshire, 31. per share hali yearly. 1471 to 3501.--Stourbridge, 2601.-L'eds and Liverpool, 1881.-Kennett and Avon, 451. 10s. to 481. Wilts and Berks, 601. to 61.-Huddersfield, 401.Rochdale, 471. 481. 501.- Peak Forest, 661.-Ellesmere, 801 -Lancaster, 261. 271. Croydon, 481. 451. 10s.-Worcester and Birmingham New shares, 51. 10s. premium. - East India Dock Stock, 135 -- London Dock, 1301. 1391.-Globe assurance, 1301.--Thames and Medway, 441. premium to 491. Ashhy-de-la-Zouch, 221. 10s.- Imperial Assurance, 751.-East London Water-works, 2311. to 2331,
MONTHLY BOTANICAL REPORT. “PRODROMUS Floræ Novx HOLLANDIA et Insulæ Van Dilmen, &c. By ROBERT
Brown. Vol. [mum."--Under the title of a Prodromus of a greater work intended to follow, we hardly expect more than an enumeration, with short specific characters, of such plants as it is proposed to describe more fully, perhaps to figure, hereafter : such is the Prodromus Flore capensis of Thunberg. The Prodromus Flora India occidentalis of Swarte is a little more foll, containing the addition of synonyms of such plants as had been before described, and noting the babitats. From the title-page we observe that it is now four years since the printing of the beginning of the first volume of the Prodromus Flore Græce, by Dr. Smith, which was not however published till last year; and if any more than the first volume, including Didynamia, is yet out, our bookseller has neglec:ed to supply us with it. This volume, which professes to be an account of such plants as were detected by the late professor Sibthorpe in his two journies into that country, undertaken for the express pure pose of illustrating its natural history, contains not only the specific characters of the plants, but several synonyms, particularly a reference to a good representation, if any, of each, the habitats, the antient and modern Greek dames, as also frequently their appellation in the jste of Zante, and many useful botanical observations are added. The Flora itself is pubJishing in parts, and is to consist of figures and descriptions of a thousand plants, observed by Sibthorpe, and drawn by Mr. Ferdinand Bauer. But as this Flora will not, we suppose, contain any account of a great number of the plants mentioned in this Prodromus, it appears to us that the latter should rather have been entitied the Flore Græcæ, and the greater work Illustrationes Flore Grace. In this work of Dr. Smith's, when the specific character given by Linnæus is meant to be adopted it is not liere repeated, but merely referred to; many new specific characters have however been framed, and great pains have been taken to render the work as perfect as the author's materials would allow: and his bookseller has taken care, by adopting to its full extent the modern fashion of wide margins, spare prieting, &c. that his book should not be deficient in bulk.
Since our last report, the work has been published whose title appears at the head of this ; and, though given under the modest appellation of a Prodromus, we will venture to say, chat in no book since the publication of Jussieu's Genera Plantarum, is there displayed such a fund of botanical knowledge as in this. Though sent forth only as the harbinger of a greater work, to be expected hereafter froin the same pen, no pains appear to have been spared to render it in every respect as complete as the confined limits would admit of. It pro.esses to give the characters, generic and specific, of such plants as were observed and col. lected by the author during the years 1802-5, in the expedition under Captain Flinders, which he accompanied out, but was fortunately not with on its return homewards. To these is added an account of such plan:s of that country as have come to the knowledge of the åpen or by other nieans, and especially of those detected by Sir Joseph Banks, in his voyage with Capsain Cook towards the south pole. It must be supposed that in a country so unconnected with the rest of the world.its natural propustions would be in a great measure different from those of Europe, Asia, Africa, and