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that because the people toke the wax al.

MAFFÆTUS. ---MOLIXA. waye, he put the tree (wood) beneath, The former, lib. 15. Hist. Md. p. 560 ; that the people should not dyminish the the latter De justit et jure tract. 2. disp. substance of the taper; otherwise he as. 34. p. 167. say, that, the Brasilians, . senteth and agreeth in all things with the who were cannibals, declared, that the prior.”

human flesh lost much of its flavour by Injunctions directed to the said Prior the baptism of the persons. and Vicar.

SIMON MAIOLUS. “In primis, that the sayd prior and vi In his Dies. Canicul. colloq.7. de quacare shall preach and declare the gospell or drupedibus, p. 174. v. 1. says, that certain the epistle, reade upon that daye, in the Indians gave a great deal for an ape's mother tongue; expounding the same sin- tooth, in order to worship it. cerely, as farre as their lernynge will ex

PET. GREGORIUS. tende, opening to the people the abomi In his work De Repub. l. 10.c. 5. n. 10. vabla idolatre and deseatfull jugglinge of he says, that every tiine has its own marre their predicessors there, in worshippinge, ners, to which the laws are to be accomand causinge to be worshipped, a pece modated, both those in the Old and those of old rotten timber, puttinge the people in the New Covenant, &c. in belefe the same to be a holy relique,

NAVARRUS. and a taper which had burned without He says, cap. de Judæis, 45, distinct. consumynge or wayst, &c.

that an orphan Jew child ought not to be “Itm. The sayd pryor and vicar shall christened, because such children are to so preach every sundaye and holyday, be. be left to divine Providence. twyxte this and in albis.

JEWS. * Itin. The said prior and vicar shall do The Jews in every modern country, awaye or cause to be done awaye, all follow the lowest occupations. They were manner of clothes, figured wax, delusions forced upon them by the following reaof myracles, shrowdes, and other entyse son, says Sim. Maiolus Colloq. de perfid. ments of the ignorante people, to pilgre- Jud. p. 256. seq. that it was a great inmage and ydolatry.

· strument of conversion: « Itin. That they shall take an ynven

PAGAN, tory of all and every such clothes, wax, There has been much controversy shrowdes, and other entysements; and about the origin of this word. Prateius, the same shall converte into the use of Brissonius, Berucius, Hormannus, Calithe pore people, or otherwise to some nus de ver. jur. verb. Paganus. Beda in other good use, making thereof a reck- Çantic. b. 6. c. 30. et in Marc. c. 15. et nynge in writinge, deelarynge the true in Luca dicl. l. 6. c. 23. et homil. in fe bestowing and usinge of the same. riam. 3 Psalm. Joan. Fung. in Etymol.

“Itm. That all and syngular these sub. eod. verb. Stephan de urbib. Los iniunctyons shall be unviolablyo obserued rinus in Acta, l. 17. v. 19. Gasp. Sancto in payne of contempte."

in Isai.. c. 42. Num. 45. p. 445. mainJOHN A PONTE--COLOSSUS OF BHODES. tain from Servius, and others, that the

This author (in Conven. utr. Monarch. word was derived from the Greek aayos, lib. 3. c.5. page 32.) says, that the Co- a village, so named from the springs; or lossus of. Rhodes fell down, like the ces- as others, the hills around which they sation of the oracles, through the coming were always used to build their townsa of Christ.

Philaster ( Hæres, c. 3.) thinks, that they CANON NERIUS.

were called so, froin a certain Paganus, In his Aphorism. pol. Hippocrat, p. who, he says, was the son of Deucation 643. seq. he rakes great pains to persuade and Pyrrha, and a powerful and famous his readers, that the changes of kingdoms, king, and afterwards worshipped as a god, are not to be askribed to the powers of The writer of this article can find no suchi the stars, but to bad government. name in the Mythologia of Jo. Natalis,

TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM. &c. nor Lempriere's modern work. If Brothels for the indulgence of a most the story has therefore any foundation, execrable apperite were built all round it may probably supply a desideratum in it! This is affirmed by Jerom upon Isa, mythology. Isidore ( Etym. l. 8. c. 70.) C. 2. Et pueris alienis udhæserunt; by 30- says, that they were so called from the zius de signis Eccles. l. 7. c. 4. ; Gasp. Athenian pagi, from whence they sprung. Sunclius, ibid. N. 12.; from 4 Kings, For there, in country places and towns, 1. 24. ". 2; Mach. c. 4. &c.

the Gentiles built iduls and temples, and

bad

had groves, wherefore the worshipper of tractat. 2. disp. 105. et in Maier. de fide q. idols beyan in be called Pagan. Alcia- 10. art. 8.) says, that because Christortus (l. 1. Parerg. c. 13.) and Connanus dered us to preach the gospel every w biere, (Comment. I. 9. c. 13.) trump up this we have a right to land on the shores of reason, because they were not soldiers of infidels, seize their ports, occupy their Christ, nor gave their names to the church lands, and stay there as long as it shall militant: for weknow, that in the Roman be necessary : and Salonimus adds, (in law, (l. quædam ff. de pan. l. jus nos- tom. 1. Tract. de domin. q. 3. art. i.) trum, de reg. jır.7.1, C. de militari tes that if they resist conversion, they may, tum. &c.) as many as were exempt from with a safe conscience, through the text inilitary service, were called Pagans, (shake the dust off your foet, as a testiPaulus Orosius, Bede ubi supr. followed mony against them) be seized, carried by Cajacius (in Parat. C. de Puganis) off, and sold for slaves. However misfrom the villages and country places, applied may be the texts, Providence has being far distant from the heavenly city: certainly confirmed the construction, Wesenb. in ead. Parat. because the Gen- Christians (and Christiaus oviy) have the tile saperstition prevailed longer in the rest of the world in subjection. villages than in cities, through the greater

TIBER, DECIAXI'S. stupidity of rustics. Dionysius Gotho

This writer (Respons. 123. N. 25. val. fredus, from contempt as different from, 3.) says, that if a prince gives a castle, and more ignoble, thian Christians. Pet. he is understood to grant the territory and Oproeer (Chronol. A. Chr. 411. p,307.) all profits arising from it. because the Gentiles, and that sink (col

LEVINUS LEMSIUS. luvies) of the human race, who wished idolatry to be restored at Rome, came

This writer (1. 5. Occult. Vat. Miruc, from country-villages. Gasp. Sanctius, c. 16.) notes, that sa:lors and the inhabi(ubi. sup.) because those, who were not

tants of maritime regions, are proinpted polished by the laws of the gospel, liver,

to many crimes, and aie of a ferocious as it were, out of the gospel, in villages presides in then, obnubilates the intel

because the salt humour, which ad Martyrolog. Jan. 11. ) thinks that the lect, and prompts them to injury. Heatheos began to be called Pagans from the time of the Christian emperors, when This author (d. c. 10, num. 44. and idolaters being excluded the cities, through 45.) thinks, because the Roman law adthe destruction of the temples, took re judged all the air over our houses to be fuge in the villages; where a variety of our private property, that a criminal superstitions prevailed, as Cicero (1.2. de who escaped to a window, which looked Leg.) shows; and Augustine (Serm. de into a church-yard, and there hung by his Verb. Dom.) shows, that down to the arms, was entitled to sanctuary. Cutime of Honorius, in which he lived, jacius (l. 10. Obs. c. 7. and Petr. Greg. what idolatry there was sabsisted in the 1. S. Sintagir. c. 10. n. fin.) notes, that villages. This is a very plausible hypo- upon this account, some emperors levied thesis, and is further supported by Azo- taxes upon air and shade. rius, (lib. 8. c. 24. col. 1273.) and NĄRRIAGE OF CHARLES I. WITH THE INAnth. Mornacius, (Obs. ad libr: 1. c. sub. d. tib. de Paganis, page 95.) and by the This match was broken off, because Editors of the Encyclopedie Methodique the Romish church maintained, that no v. Paganus. It may therefore be assu. marriage could be valid between Can med, as the real origin of the word.

tholic and a Heretic, lest the one should HOLINI.-SALONINUS.

injure the faith by converting the other, Father Lewis Molina (de Just, et Jus.

FREITAS.

FANTA OF SPAIN.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

PROLOGUE FOR THE FIRST APPEARANCE

OF A FEMALE PERFORMER.

By Dr. WOLCOT.
LADIES and gentlemen, the Poet's maid !

Sent on a foolish errand I'm afraid ;

Trick'd out in clothes, (I wish they were all

mine!) I scarcely know mysel, I am so fine; He bids me come and whine, and coar and

leer, And, if 'tis needful, try to squeeze a tear :

" Doll

“ Doll, thou hast got,” says he, " (wo spark. “Why dont your master pay me for the ling eyes,

goose ? And thou canst mingle music with thy D'ye know Miss there are birds call'd snipes sighs :

and pigeons, Go, and employ their powers upon the pit, Woodcocks and plovers, wild ducks, teal and Where half the masters of our forcune sit;

widgeons, Yes, Dolly, thou hast pretty acting parts : Bid him his money quickly send or bring, Go, try to make a conquest of their hearts; Or tar and feather me, I'll clip his wing." And, verily my girl, I should not wonder, And now the butcher Garbage, with his pipe, If the whole house were one huge clap of " Why don't old Tag-rhime pay me for my thunder:

tripe? Go, try, for should our comedy but fail, A pretty job at other's cost to cram; By heavens, to-corrow, I shall go to jail; Why dont he settle for the veal and lamb ? And if well done, I'll well thy pow'rs re- Ma'am, does he think for pleasure I am slayquite ;

ing? Pay all I owe thee Dolly, every doit ; Folks fond of eating should be fond of payNay more to please thee, thou shalt tread the ing! scene

Man, without money, should not be a glutIn my next tragedy, a Murder'd Queen!"

ton, I really think at times my master's mad ! What business has the dog with lamb or He makes such mouths; now merry, and now mutton ? sad !

Bid him go out and steal, or beg, or borrow, Now bellowing it away with such a roar! Or cleaver me, I'll have his hide to-morrow I never heard such ranting stuff before. Such is the vulgar treatment that I meet! “ Lud! Sir," says I, “ 'tis most abomina- I really tremble as I walk the street ; tion !"

O !ud ! I long to know my master's fate! “Fool! hold thy tongue,” says he, “ 'tis Must Fortune or Miss-Fortune on him wait ? inspiration!

Come, come, an act of mercy let us see, The true sublime, by which a world is won : It with our Bard displeas'd, be kind to me; L'en Giant Shakspeare is himself outdone." But, cruel should you frown upon his pages, Our land is not the land of milk and honey! . Thac frown's a broom which sweeps away my I scarcely know the colour of his money;

wages; If in the street I happen to be seen, But should you save this bantling of his I hear that foul-mouth'd woman, Mistress brain, Green,

I hope to make my curtsy here again. " Why dont your Poet pay me for my sal- Go, try my Love, my Angel, try thy pow'rs, lads,

Guineas and glory will at once be ours; And try to turn a penny by his ballads ? Our friends this evening would ye chuse to I can't think what the scrubby Fellar means, stand, Miss, does he think I steals my peas and Your clappings would be pretty notes at beans.?

hand. Tell him, Miss, for I chooses to be plain, He never gits a turnip-top again."

SONNET AGAINST DESPAIR. Now Poll Macgra, the milk-maid, with her Translated from CARLO MARIA MAGGI, score,

By Miss STARKE. D'ye thiok I'll trot my brogues from dour AH wby, my Soul, why yield to dire Deto door,

spair, Wade through the dirty lanes in cold and Tho' Conscience sting thee with severest rains,

blame? And only get my labour for my pains ? God claims our love; to slight his claims Honey, pray mark my words, and hear me now, beware! Your crazy pipkin sucks no more ny cow." For are not Love and Confidence the same? And now the pot boy's saucy tongue I hear, Think of those guerdons, rich in grace ci“Why dont you pay the score for ale and vine, beer ?"

Which thou, a mite in Being's wondrous And now the baker impudently howls,

scale, " Why dont your master pay me for the May'st still aspire to share, if Faith be chine, rolls ?"

And teach thee o'er bad Angeis to prevail. Now Robin Fin, the fishmonger roars out, Then, with the heart's sweet incense, Gra"Why dont your Rymer pay me for the trout? titude, Poets, like cats, are dev'lish fond of fish :

Accept each grace to contrite Sinners givin; Your master seems to like a dainty dish! Nor be, with Mis'ry's bitter drops, imbu'd Miss, tell him if he don't discharge his bill, The manna show'r'd, by Mercy's hand, I'll get a pretty hook into his vill."

from heav'n. And now the Poulterer Giblet's coarse Weep for thy errors, give Repentance scope abuse,

But let the scalding tear engender Hope.

SONNET

BY THE SAME.

care.

SONNET TO SORRENTO. Thou who art sent, a good Samaritan!
EY THE SAME.

To bind the wounds of crimson-crested
DEAR classic soil, whence fame-crown'd War,
Tasso sprung,

And heal the nations. Thou, who most de. Well nam'd Syrentum, * with such charms

light'st endud,

Beneath the peasant's humble roof to dwell, That, whilst I wander thy cool shades among, And hear the matin song of early birds No thoughts to prompt the deep drawn Light-hearted; with tranquillity and love sigh obtrude:

To twine unfading wreaths for him whose Or, if Remembrance picture sorrows fled,

heart No more I view then with AMiction's eye, is rightliest turn'd ro thee. O gentle Peace! As scorpions on the lap of Nature spread, O'erspread us with thy pinions, and, as erst,

But as benignant warnings from on High. Thy wonted influence through the world dife Here, Life's illusions shall no more betray,

fuse. Nor Passion's gales too strong for Reason

prove; But white-rob's Innocence direct my way

STANZAS, To the dread confines of the Courts above;

WRITTEN IN JINE, 1808. Whose porter, Death, at sight of such a AND must we part! O, soul-subliming Guide,

Muse! Shall smiling ope the gate, and throw his For ever must I lose thy cheering light? shafts aside.

Ev'n now I hail thee, clad in orient hues;

Fair as when first thou charm’dst my SONNET TO APATHY.

youthful sight !

And oft in depth of woe hast thou relum'd NYMPH, with the gem'd' Ficoides* ar- My darken’d sight, and exorcis'd despair; ray'd,

Yea! oft hast thou my sinking spirit By thy Torpedo-touch, my cares subdue ! plum'd For, where thou com'st, vexatious fancies With strength to soar above the clouds of

fade; And Grief, tho! reál, doffs her sable hue. Oft hast thou raised my spirit on thy wing, Mild remedy for wounded Friendship's tear,

When Sorrow's shaft had struck it to the Or the loud plaints of ill.requited love ;

earth, Sure antidote to ev'ry pang severe,

Taught me the soothing strain of Hope to The way-worn pilýsim, Man, is doom'd to

sing : prove!

And still 'twas Joy's antioj paced birth. E'en our best feelings, tho' awhile they take Sweet Pleasure's form, or shine in Virtue's But ah! the transports thou dost bid me dress,

feel, A captive of deluded Reason make,

Dart through my frame such feverista And cheat her with the name of Happiness.

delight, Theo welcome, Apathy! He finds not rest,

Inflict a wound, so deep, no band can Who fails to own theç Sov'reign of his breast.

And drive the dews of slumber from my PAX POTIOR BELLO;

sight. Fragment from Poems,now in tbe Press. Be hush'd, my heart! Por urge the sanguine By JAMES JENNINGS.I

tide,

To mock with hectic Aush 'my faded O GENTLE Peace! Wbe, with thy willing hand, shedd'st plenty. Be hushid, my heart! Oh, let thy swell rouad !

subside, Who escapest from the palaces of Kings,

Nor break life's muré, already worn and To lonely glens, or mountain haunts forlorn.

weak. Sorrento, anciently called Syrentum,

Yes! we must part, belov'd illusive Muse, from its enchanting situation, is the coolest

For ever I must lose thy cheering light, and most healthy summer abode in the south.

Alas! clear-scanning Reason dearly rues etis part of lialy; and famous for containing

The hour thy charms sedue'd my youthfil tbe paternal mansion of the immortal Tasso; sight. a circumstance which I could not resist no- Yes! we must part; wild-wand'ring thoughts sicing.

a way, † The ice plant, properly called the dia- No more may fancy feed the mining fire, mond Ficoides.

Which robs my bosom of Health's dewy ray; In whose Inscription, page 503, of last And bids the throbbing puise of life volume, for Nature here with ait conventing," retire.

A. ROBSON. * faesenting."

heal;

cheek;

SONNET,

Thoughtless and lost in Folly's endless TO A BUTTARELY.

maze : CONCEITED worm! sport of our early days; Like you, awhile, he sports in summer's How gay you seem with many-colour'd

beam, wing,

An empty trifler, Careless of his lot;, How proudly on that fow's, (vain child Then quits, like you, life's short and airy

of Spring :) You bask and futter in the vernal rays,

As little noted, and as soon forgot: And spread your plumes to ev'ry idler's gaze; , Another year, your painted prog'ny shows,

Fit emblem of yon self-enamor'd thing, Fruitful alike in butterflies and beaux.
Who lightly trips in Fashion's giddy ring;

dream;

J. U.

PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.
NATIONAL INSTITUTE.

and your goodness shall be cur guide. Report on the Progress of the French exercise censure with reserve, to proclaim

To dispense praise with pleasure, to Lunguage and Literature, from the the talents remaining, amongst us, to Kpoch of the French Revolution, (1789) applaud nascent dispositions, such is, no to the Yeur 1808, made by a Commission doubt, the duty which we have to perof the Institute of France, by order of form; and in your Majesty's orders we the Emperor Napoleon.

presume, with respectful confidence, to

el State, * a deputation from the class with which you have always honoured of Literature and Belles-Lettres of the literature, a pledge of your constant proInstitute, composed of M. M. Chenier, tection, and a token of your new benePresident; de Volney, Vice-president; factions. Suard; Perpetual Secretary; and M. M. Without being able at present to vame Moreliet, Boutilers, Bernardia de $t. all the writers, whom we shall quote in Pierre, Andrieux, Arnaolt, Villars, oår work, we are, however, Sire, about Carthava, Dorpergue, lacrerelle, Laujon, to mention a considerable number of Raynouard, aod Picard, was presented them; and we will endeavour particularly by the Minister of the Ilome Depart- to state the progress and divisions of the mnent, and admitted to the bar of the department which we shall have to preCouncil. M. Chenier spoke as follows: sent to your Majesty. In this extensive SIRE,

work, enbracing the whole circle of the The further we proceed in the la- art of writing, at the head of each branch boor which your Majesty has or we draw a rapid sketch of its progress in dered us to subinit to you, the more we France, until the epoch at which our oba feel the difficulty which it imposes upon servations cominence, to serve as so us. How can we appreciate so many many luminous points to enlighten our writers, while living, not by strict the route. The art of conveying ideas by ories, by demonstrated facts, by evident words, that of connecting ideas with calculations, but by considerations each other, and hy them sensations, and deemed arbitrary; by wit, taste, talent, by these all the icieas which flow from imagination, the art of writing Ilow them, first engage our attention. Such strike out a road through so many dan is the progress of nature; we must speak gerous shoals, amongst so many various and think, before we write. It is the opinious, sometines contrary, always province of French literature, in particontested with wärınth, amidst so many cular, to take a retrospect of the philopassions which it was so difficult to ase sophical sciences, founded at least in suage, and which it is so easy, to rouse! France, by the school of Port Royal; a How satisfy, at the same time, those of source equally inexhaustible and pure, whom we have to speak; and those who from which all sound learning, and all have formed an opinion on literature, classical literature, are derived. The after having studied it, nud.even those same sciences, in the course of the last who without any study, fancy themselves century, were greatly indebted to the pievertheless to be competent judges? labours of Condillac, whom the French These reflections appear discouraging; Academy was proud to count amongst its but your Majesty gives us confidence, members. He was hinself the founder i

of a school of philosophy, and has left Sitting of Saturday, the 27th of February. able disciples, and honourable successors.

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