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terly; barometer steady, rather declin. best; other kinds of grain, as to produce,
August 1st to 19th, we had a great easterly. 9th to 15ih, rather clear and
and 14th, cloudy and misty, with thin September. First two days nearly fair. rain; wind easterly. 14th to 19th, dry 3d to 9th, very misty and close, often frosty weather, (snow in some parts of thin rain, heavy on the 8th; wind east- the country;) wind northerly. ioth to erly; barometer descending slowly. 9th 30th, very unsettled, at times clear and to 17th, often clear, at times cloudy with frosty, but often windy and showery; showers; wind varying rather westerly; wind rariable. Till the middle of this barometer steady, hardly rising. A month, barometer kept rather high and heavy rain on the 18th, was followed by steady, but after that it Auctuated. windy and showery weather till the 230; December. 1st to 7th, changeable wind shifting to opposite points ; baro- weather, inornings generally clear, with meter keeping down. 230 to 30th, hoar frost, succeeded by windy and mostly clear and sharp, with the excep- rainy days; wind wsw. 7th to 17th, tion of some heavy rain on the mornings stormy winds, mostly from the west, acof the 27th and Soth; wind veering be companied with snow and sleet, though tween sw. and N. barometer ranging seldom heavy; barometer remarkably Jow, and tluctuating. Till about the au- low. On the 18th, wind shifting to N. tumnal equinox, temperature continued barometer rose very suddenly; and till uniform, rather agreeable than warm; the 26th, though we had at times slight but after that it turned a good deal showers, weather continued mostly fair; colder, the nights particularly. The some days clear and frosty; wind westbulk of the luarvest work in the low part erly. 26th was gloomy, with continued of the country was accomplished in rain and sleet. 27th clear and frosty; the course of this month, but under ra. last four days mostly soft open weather, ther unfavourable circumstances, the at times windy and showery; wind SW. weather being unsettled, not two days barometer falling. December, upon the in succession quite fair. The change to whole, a tempestuous month; but as yet cold in the latter part of the month was we have not had inueh severe frost, and serviceable in giving a check to improper little snow on the ground at a time. The vegetation; wheat, which had suffered gales of the 11th and 15th, did a great both by the spring frosts, and latterly by deal of damage at sea; that of the 15th sprouting or second growth, the effect being noted by a lower barometer than of too much moisture, is reckoned the has been observed here for some yearse worst crop this season; and oats the Edinburgh, Jun. 1810.
For the Monthly Magazine.
about four miles from Leeds, a little to Jorrnal of a winter tour through the right of the Ferrybridge road. It is
several of the MIDLAND COUNTIES of an old building, with a noble park,
mer from making my annual picture-gallery, containing some fine tour, with the exception of a short ex- paintings by ihe best masters. I took cursion into Norfolk, and having a forte no notes at the time of seing it, but Right to spare in the beginning of fe. well remember a St John preaching in the bruary, after a visit made to some friends Wilderness; the Death of a Wild Boar; in Leeds, I resolved, at that dreary sea- and a few good Sea-pieces: the names son, to ride up to London, having first of the masters lave escaped me. inade a little circuit in the neighbour Halfway to Ilarrowgaie, and close to Juwoul
, by way of experiment. The chief the road-side, is Halewood-house, the disadvantage attending such an expedi- princely seat of the nobleman who gives tion, consists in the want of opportuni- a name to it. In the grounds, nature Lies for contemplating manners, occasic and art have vied with each other. The oued by the absence of travelling coin- many inequalities of hill and dale, lave panions: the inclemency of the weather afforded much capability of improves can be ensily obviated by precaution, or ment; and the tasteful variety of wood sustained by bardiness; and as to the and water, shews that ample justice las aspect of the country, it is no very diffi- been done to them. The house is full cult stretch of the imagination to supply of inmense mirrors, satin beds, silver foliage to the denuded irces.
tables, and rich furniture of all sorts: In the immediate vicinity of Leeds, but o, shame! there is not a single there are few places worthy of observa- painting, except a few family poriraits. tion. Kirkstall Abbey stands very beau- They who wish to save themselves the tifully on the banks of the river Aire; troulile of reading Tooke's Pantheon, the waters of which, collected into a will find the whole lii-zory painted in wjer, just opposite to the ruin, forin an fresco on a stair-case ceiling. artificial cascade when again falling into It may not be inproper to say a few their channel. The ground swells behind words concerning that Montpellier, the the ruin; and is richly clothed in wood. sweet town of Leeds itself. It is conLet this spot be sisi'ed in a fine even- tinnally enveloped in a thick smoke, ing, when the moon-beam glistens on which contains immense quantities of the rushing water; when the breki-n il- soot and dust, sent up from the different lars and long aisles are touched with a manufactories. This body is too deuse pale light; and when the silence is only to ascend, in the air; and after having broken by the soft sighs among the trees, been carried a little way by the heat, it or the soft dashing of the fill.
falls down in plentiful showers on the ini. KirkstallAbbey was a monastery of the habitants. The consequence is, that Cistercian order, founded A.D. 1117.* Cerery body looks dirty. I put on two Its value in the king's books is 3291. clean shiris every day, and spent inalfiny 23. 11d. A representation of the ruin, time in wasting my bands; but the coarse enough, forms the drop-scene of damned spot would ne'er be out." the theatre in Leeds:
There was no chirch here but one una “ Time's gradual touch
til after the reign of Charles I. and it Has mouldered into beauty many a tower,
was besicged in the civil wars. There Which, when it frowned with all its battle. are now four churches, cach having a ments,
sacrament in the month, and all of them Was only terrible: aid many a fane
on different Sundays. All the clergy of Monastic, which, when deck'd with all its the tributary churches and chapels in spires,
the town and neighbourhood, are comServ'd but to feed some pamper'd abbot's pelled to pay suit and service to the old
pride, And awe th' unletter'd vulgar.
At a little distance from the house, the Temple Newsom, lately the seat of ruins of a castle, built in the time of Ed. lady Irving, but now bec me the pro- ward I. and demolished by Cromwell, imperty of the marquis of Hertford, 'lies pend over the road. The chapel is modest
and elegant. It contains a monument to sir It was built by Henry de Lacy, and de" W. Gascoigne, who committed Henry Prince dicated to the Virgin.
of Wales, for a contempt of his authority.
church, by assisting at the communion There is a large public library in Leeds, every Christmas and Easter-day. These, having a handsome exterval appearance, added to clergymen who may be visitors, and a good stock of books; but the most clad in surplices, and all officiating at liberal establishment is the news-room, once, render the scene in the highest which is open to any stranger of gesteel degree solemn and impressive. The appearance. communicants, on these occasions, Leeds contains a presbyterian meetamounting to seven or eight hundred, ing-house, where Dr. Priestly furnierly kneel in different parts of a large chapel held forth: but if I were to recount all which surrounds the altar; the ministers the sects who have here cut out different carry round to them, as in colleges, the paths to the same place, I should be sacramental bread and wine, the large obliged to get Mr. Evana's Sketch, and organ playing the 100th psalm.
copy his title-page. The cloth of Leeds There are in Leeds a number of pub- is unrivalled. It is an hour's walk round lic charities, well managed and liberally the cloth-halls. As soon as a bell rings, supported: an infirmary, a fever bouse, early in the morning, on the two marketand large Sunday-school establishments. days, multitudes walk in without any The inhabitants will contribute largely disorder or noise. Each seller of cloth to every scheme which promises to be knows his own place; and taying his useful; but they have no idea of the goods on a table, stands opposite to them, ornamental. In the middle of the square as a shopman bebind a counter. The in which the infirmary stands, and which pieces lie tong ways close to one anoought to be decorated with trees, foun. ther; and the factors and buyers walk tains, and gravel-salks, the space con along the lanes, examining different are tains long rows of posts, with webs of ticles. Leaning over to the clothier, blue cloth stretched on the tenter-hooks, they demand the price in a whisper: Owing to the same solidity of under- and the whole is transacted in a moment, standing and absence of taste, no public Sometimes, in one lour, twenty thousand amusements ever succeed in Leeds: at pounds worth of cloth are bought and least none merely pleasurable. There sold in this manner. The woollen cloths are assemblies attended like a London of Leeds are exported, after being taken church on a Sunday afternoon; concerts to Ilull by the water-carriage of the at which Orpheus, for lack of inen and Aire and Calder, which fall into the women, might attempt to move the stone llumber at Ferrybridge. In Gour's Mawalls; aud plays, where the comedians nufactory, the whole process of making grin, but cannot smile, over a "beggarly woollen cloths may be seen, from the account of empry boxes."
shearing of the sheep to the packing up But let any Dr. Mac-Stirabout from of the finished cloth. The greater part the university of St. Andrew's, arrive in of this process is of course carried on by Leeds with a course of lectures on na. machinery; but the cloth brought to lural philosoplay, and his barvest is made market in the halls, is made by cullagers in a fortnight. I went to the theatre in their houses. The different parts of one evening, by the way, and heard the the manufacture employ the whole hero of the piece call his charmer, his family; and as the children are thus at " dear heartless 'girl;” while one actor once kept to industry, and subjected to talked of his honnor, and another of his the eye of their parents, the woollen "appiness.". It was impossible to find manufacture, as thus carried on, is more fault with this transposition; as it is but favourable to morals than the cotton reasonable and fair, that if the h is taken business; which is almost wholly con. away from one word to which it belongs, ducted in factories. The Yorkshire it should be restored in another quarter coals are carried from Leeds and Wakewhere it is superfluous. One of the best field to York, from whence the Ouse stories of the misplacing of this letter, forwards them to the Humber. They bias been related concerning a pious have this advantage over the Newcastle cockney, who being desirous to commu. coals, that being borne on the river, they nicate, went into a circulating library at are exempt from the duty of four shilBrighton, and asked the bookseller if he lings per chaldron, to which sea-coal is had a “Companion to the Ilaltar.” subject. “ No, Sir," said the summer adventurer Harrowgate, eighteen miles to the of Leadenhall-street, "we have got the north of Leeds, is too well known for the Newgate Calendar; but the Companion efficacy of its mineral waters, to detaiu to the Halter ltas not yet come down.". us in describing it. It consists of two
little villages, Low and High IIarrowgate, all the briefs: and a methodist meeting, chiefly supported by the conipany whó house, where the godly few pray for the resort from all parts of the United King- visitors of that abandoned village, given doms, either for health, pleasure, or up to the vanities of a wicked world, gambling. It possesses two ndvantages One of these devotees cheated me in over many other places of fashionable the matter of a horse though, The sunimer resort. The first is that of chabybeate-well stands in Iligher Fiare vicinity to many interesting objects, and rowgate: Lower Harrowgate is the much picturesque scenery: anong the "purgatory."* I speak literally of inforiner of which may be reckoned flare- valids: and indeed it is not surprising wood House, and Ripon Minster; that men of pleasure should have an inand amongst the latter, the wild con- stinctive dislike to it, from its vicinity to fusion of Braunham rocks; the tasteful that sulphureous pool which continually improvement of nature in Plumpton sends forth its nauseous exhalations. gardens; the town and river at Knares. There is a good inn here however, called borough; and the grounds of Ilack Fall the Crown, of which one detached aparland Studleigh. The next advantage at- ment is denominated the Infirmary, or tending this assemblage of gaiety, is the lazar-house ; being the Lemnos to which variety of company which it draws to- every unhappy Philoctetes is removed, gether. The sea is the same in all parts whose cadavarous leg, anointed with the of the coast: and as every body goes to oil of olibanum, renders'himn unfit for the the place nearest his own home, almost society of those who suffer from less of all sea-bathing quarters are little better fensive wounds. than county-meetings. A stranger is
At the distance of a few miles from looked upon with curiosity, and almost Ilarrowgate lie Plumpton gardens, a with suspicion, until he is just going pleasure-ground belonging to lord flareaway: and he who wishes to conten- wood. Their beauty consists in a wicie plate human nature at large, sees only the sheet of water, surrounded by wild crags, manners of a little province. But Har- which are finely overhung with wood. rowgate being, like Bath and Buxton, In this artificial lake there are several unique, you have here a delightful med islands. The waters seem to wind ley of Scotch, English, and Irish: the round bold projecting rocks; and someLondon cockney, the Oxford pedant, times falling back, form a beautiful bay: the petit-maitre, and the Yorkshire foxs in the wood above there are pleasant hunter. Character is here fuund in the umbrageous walks. In proceeding from most luxuriant variety; and the collision Pluinpton to Knaresborough, by the of these different individuals, all reduced river, a noble scene appears about a mile to an equality, and all throwing off re- below the town, where a high and boldi serve, is whimsically grotesque.
crag forms the prominent object. The In High Harrowgate there are three picturesque mill at its base, the sloping excellent inps, or boarding-houses: and finely.wooded banks, the winding the Granby, the Dragon, and the river, and the bold town and castle of Queen's Head; respectively known, Knaresborough at a distance, form, tofrom the character of their guests, by gether with the rock, as delightful a pica the names of the House of Lords, the ture as the eye of taste cali desire to Hlouse of Commons, and the Manches contemplate. ter Warehouse. Those who have much
Knaresborough is a very pictucash to spare, and a fine retinue of horses resque town as it is seen from the inost and servants, may drive to the first; favourable point of view, the bridge. those who choose to play may ride to It contains as many raree-shews as it the second; while all who look for plain vention could well devise for unburintelligerit" society, and comfortable thening the idle folks from Ilarrowgale cheap accommodation, may direct the of their money. Here is St. Robert's coach to set them dowi, with their chapel, the former residence of a herr portmanteaus, at the aforesaid Mag. mit; a sinall apartment hewn out of the chester Warehouse. The company at rock, with a mosaic pavement, and the these houses give bails to each other, once figure of a warrior. Fortmontague; a every week in the season. There is a house likewise excavated from the rock,
circulating library at Harrowgate-would having four rooms above each other, · Hartuwgate be a watering-place without it? a chapel, where the minister lives on
The lower well of Harrowgate contains subscriptions from the visitors; who also sea-salt, purging salt, and sulphur; and the relieve the parish by being sconced for purgative. and anthelminthick medicine.
waters are esteemed an excellent alterative,
au a garden and mock battery at the markets shall be filled with every article top: the dripping-well, which is in suin- of trade, drugs and cominodities of every, iner a cool and pleasant spat; but when kind, and the fruits of the industry of I saw it in the middle of January, hung many nations. Here shall Caffres and round with a fringe of icicles, which Algerines, Chinese and Persians, Abyssishot a sparry lustre a museum of pe- nians and Hindoos, Banyans* and Jews, trified wigs and bird's nests: an old cas. Greeks and Armenians, Christians and tle: a woolly-beaded boy; and many Musulmen, be seen to meet together. Here other means of raising the wind. shall the jarring discords, the impoliticand
Kuaresborough sends two inembers to rash zeal of religious rancour, together parliament: it is nearly encompassed by with national prejudice, ceceive its deaththe river Nid, and has a thriving manu. blow, at the side of Europeans and f.c'ure of linens.
Americans. And hence it is that I rode in a cold winter evening from those sparks shall arise, which are to Knaresborough to Ripo!, a distance of light a torch of common reason, which twelve miles. Ripon is a handsome shall spread its blaze over the coasts town, with good houses, a spacious war- and innost pårts of Africa, the islands of ket-place, and cheap inos.* It sends the great Indian ocean, and every corner two members to parliament. It is the of the extensive continent of Asia. seat of a rural deanery; and its Minster is For a short period there appeared truly majestic: It was originally founded some probability that the army compoduring the Saxon heptarchy: under. sed of philosophers and heroes, which neath it is St. Wilfred's needle, a narrow had so fortunately landed in Egypt, passage, through w bich females, who had might succeed in breaking its national departed from chastity, 'were formerly fetters; and would, without difficulty, supposed unable to pass. There are disperse the phantoms of superstition many traces of the ancient monastery by which it was haunted, and enliven its founded by Wilfred. A few nuiles to the drooping energy. There was indeed east of Ripon stands Newby-hall, con room to hope, that a people oppressed taining a tine collection of busts and an. by a handful of foreigners, would with tiques.
joy receive their deliverers, and support, (To be continued.)
to the otmost of their power, everytim
provement in the state which might be For the Monthly Magazine. proposed. OBSERVATIONS und SPECULATIONS by a No real good can however be effect
FRENCHNAN, on the ADVANTAGEOUS ed, until those obstacles are removed SITUATION of EGYPT, as a STAPLE or which selfislmess has created; the expulo CENTRE for the TRADE 'of all NA- sion of the Mamelukes, at the commence TIONS; with a BRIEF ENUMERATINN ment of the business, excited little interof the principAL COMMODITIES that est among the Egyptians; for the peapass through EGYPT on their wuy to sant beheld in the French nothing but EUROPE.
new tyrants, and the citizen trembled for T is more from its geographical his property; the Musulman conceived
situation than from the tertility it an humiliation to obey whom he for of its soil, and the variety of its produclions, that Egypt will and must 01
* A cast of the Hindoos, acting as brokers doubtedly be an extensive sharer in the and agents in the India trade, and servinz commerce of all civilized nations. in the double capacity of book-keepers and Placed between the Mediterranean and interpreters. There are very few Europeans Red Seas, on the frontiers of Asia and so conversant in the Bengalee tongue as to be Africa, and equally convenient for able to do without them, on which account Europe and Asia, this country was cer- a considerable portion of the Indian trade tainly destined to become the point of is carried on through their medium. contact for every nation of the globe, the of this article is a Frenchman, who boasts of
# It is not to be forgotten, that the writer centre of onion, and the grand staple of all trade. The fleets of all maritime introduced by men, whose conquests have
the happiness and customs everywhere to be powers shall enter its ports; and its hitherto been only marked with misery and
desolation; he does not reflect, that the hape Ilie obelisk in the market-place is sur- piness of man consists in the pursuit of his mounted by a bugle-horn, the arms of the own pleasures and inclinations, and that he
A hora is sounded every night at will never enjoy what he cannot compreyine o'clocks