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It was at her death, in 1723, that these for whom he had the warmest affection, estates came to Mrs. Robinson.

died, and he came immediately, by the I know that the generality of readers will of his great grandfather, Morris, into despise these dull relations of a family; possession of the anaternal part of his, and what they call the dry detail of the inheritance. With a taste totally disa inheritance of dirty acres. But to these, similar to that of his father, who, thoug's perhaps, in the present case, may be of polished manners, and highly accomtraced back that habit of acute investi- plished, possessed the elegant rather, gation, and of bold and original opinions, than the strong, qualities of the mind, which so much distinguished the late and was never happy out of the clubs of, Lord Rokeby; and that pre-eminence in Bond-street, and the gaieties of a Lona elegant literature which rendered his son life, he instantly took complete possister, Mrs. Montagu, so justly celebrated. session of the country mansion, and em

Dr. Middleton, a man of profvund braced with enthusiasm all the manly, thinking, of various and extensive know. pleasures of an enlightened country gen. ledge, and a most accomplished wrier, tleman. whose Life of Cicero, composed “in the But he was soon called away from most correct and elegant style, aod this peaceful character, to add to it abounding with everything that can another, which crowns it with its highest instruct and entertain, that can inform ornament, but which now, from the the understanding and polish the taste," gradual operation of the national debt, is celebrated all over Europe, held forth of the increase of conimercial wealth, a model of intellectual exertion to the and the corruption of manners, is too young family connected with him, which seldom united with it. The neighbourwas not likely to fail in effect on abilities ing city of Canterbury invited him in naturally searching and vigorous. What- 1747 to be a candidate to represent thein ever injuries Mi. Robinson's family in Parliament. In this election he was inight'owe to him in pecuniary matters, completely successful.

The happy plis his house at Cambridge was always open ancy of his popular manners, adapted to to them; and his manners, enriched by all the various ranks of society, has been learning, and polished by travel, afford- well expressed by the writer of his Me. eu no common advantages of conversa. moir in the Monthly Magazine. Early tion and instruction to them. "You as he had freed his mind from all the have doubtless heard,” writes Mt. Gray trammels of authority and custom, he, the poet, on Aug. 9, 1750, of the loss at a period when form and ceremony I have had in Dr. Middleton, whose kept the different orders, perhaps as house was the only easy place one could much too distant from each other as the find to converse in at Cambridge. For total removal of those barriers bas lately my part, I find a friend so uncommon a mingled them too indiscriminately toge. thing, that I cannot help regretting even ther,was in the constant habit of displaying an oid acquaintance, which is an inditse. that frankness of sentiment and ease of rent likeness of it; and though I do not manners, which at once removed diffi. approve of the spirit of his books, me- dence, tranquillized awkwardness, datthinks 'tis pity the world should lose so tered low pride, and delighted humble rare a thing as a good writer,"

worth. And his spirit, his penetration, Mr. Mathew Robinson was yet a and the quickness of his powers of retort, child when he became, by the death of accompanied by the same frankness, enahis uncle, Drake Morris, next in succes. bled him to repress in a moment the ocsion, not only to the paternal estates in casional encroachments of ill-judged fa. Yorkshire, but those of his mother in miliarity, and at once to obtain respect Kent and Cambridgeshire. He was and love. about this time at the public school of In 1754, he was re-clected for CanWestminster, and thence removed to Tri. terbury, and continued to represent it nity-hall, in Cambridge, of a lay-college, during the remainder of that parliament of which in due time he became fellow, which outlived the king. Ai the next and so reinained uil his death. His election, being nearly fifty years old, and companions were men not only of rank in precarious health, he retired from a and fortune, but of minds energetic like public station, and passed the remainder his own, who afterwards made a conspi- of his days principally at llorton, cuous figure on the theatre of public A letter of Mrs. Montagu to her bro. life.

ther, may here perhaps be worth trans. In his 32d year (1745), his mother, cribing :

Sundleurd, Sandleford, June 9, 1777. but though my health is good, the faded DEAR BROTHER,

roses do not revive; and I assure you, I "It would be with much greater plea- an always of the colour of lu fcuilig morte; sure I should take up my pen to tell you mny complexion has long fallen into the I am at Sandleford, if I could flatter mye sere and yellow leaf; and I assure you, self with the hope of alluring you to it. ene is as inuch warned against using You would find me in the character of a art by seeing the ladies of Paris, as the farmeress. The meagre condition of the Spartan youths by observing the effect of soil forbids me to live in the state of a intoxicating liquors on the Helots. The shepherdess queen, which I look upon vast quantity of rouge worn there by the to be the bigliest human dignity. The fine ladies makes hem hideous. As I plough, the harrow, and the spade, re. always imagine one is less looked at by mind us that the golden age is past, and wearing the uniform of the society one subsistence depends on labour; prospe- lives in, I allowed my frizeur to put on rity on industrious application. A little whatever rouge was usually worn; but a of the clay of which you complain would few years ago I believe my vanity would do us a great deal of good. I should be not have submited to such a disfigura. glad to take my dominions here froin the tion. As soon as I got to Dover, I regoddess Ceres to give them to the god turned to my foriner complexion. I own Pan; and I think you will agree with me I think I would inake that complexion a in that taste; for wherever he presides, little better by putting on a little rouge ; there Nature's republic is established; but at my age any appearance of solicithe ox in his pasture is as free and as tude about coinplexion is absurd ; and much at his ease, as the proprietor of therefore I remain where age and foriner the soil; and the days of the first are not ill health has brought me; and rejo ce bowe more shortened to feed the intemperance ever that I enjoy the comforts of health, of others, than the rich landlord's by the though deprived of its pleasing looks. indulgence of his own. I look upon the “ It has given me great pleasure to goddess Ceres as a much less imparzial hear, by many opportunities, that your and kind deity. The ancients thought health is preity good; but if St. Anthothey did her honour by ascribing to her ny's fire should mentace a return, rememthe invention of laws; we must con

ber that his disteinper as well as his sider her also as the mother of taw-suits; temptation, is most dangerous in a desert and indeed of all the divisions and dis- or wilderness, and repair to the city of sepsions and distinctions among man. Bath. Though I say this, I was never kind. Naturalists telt us, all the oaks more sensible of the charms of rural life that have ever been were contained in and the blessing of tranquillity; but at the first acorn: I believe we may affirm, the same time I am sensible my relish for by the same mode of reasoning, that all them is much quickened by having been, arts and sciences were contained in the for above a twelvemonth past, in a very first ear of corn.

To possess lasting different mode of life. treasure and exclusive property, has “ I regret very much that the emperor been the great business and aim of man. did not come to Paris last summer, though At Sandletord you will find us busy in I suppose amongst the French nobility I the care of araile land. By two little met with men as polite ; amongst the purchases Mr. Montagu made here, my academicians with men more learned, farm cosains

As I now ingenious, and witty, yet as I am a vir. consider it as Amazonian land, I aflect tuoso in what relates to the human cha. to consider the women as capable of as- racter, and love to see how it appears sisting in agriculture as much as the men; in various situations, I should bave seen they weed my corn, hoe iny turnips, and an emperor, as an emperor is an unique set my potatoes; and by these means in human society at present; and the promote the prosperity of their families. st.strian family has also had a strongly. A landlord, where le droit du Seigneur marked personal character. prerailed, would not expose the com- “ All my French correspondents assure plexion of his female vassals to the sun. me that his imperial majesty veils his I must confess my Amazons hardly de- dignity on all occasions under the cha. serre to be accounted of the fair sex; racter of Count de Falkenstein. He and they have not the resources of pearl, sleeps at his ambassador's, but dines with powder, and rouge, when the natural the two, noblemen of his curt, who acTilies and roses are faded.

tend him at an hotel garni. When he " You are very polite in supposing my goes to Versailles to visit his sister, he looks not so homely as I described them; refuses to lodge in the palace, and lies at

a bagnio,



a bagnio. He goes sometimes to Ver. grant and consent of those who pay it, sailles in his coach, at others in a fiacre, unless he does it by tyranny and vise or walks. The French, who are much lence.'-Phil. de Commines, ch. 103. It struck with every thing that is new, are is dated April, 1774, and the Appendix, full of wonder and respect, and at the in the following November. public spectacles they give a thunder of This memoir is not intended as a ful. applause whenever he appears.

some and indiscriminate panegyric, and ** la private society his majesty is easy therefore I have no hesitation in owning and altabre, and by what I can under that the langunge is unequal, ofien une stand, glad io shew hi is more conver- couth, and seldom elegant; but it is not saut in the common affairs of human deficient in vigour; and, however unskilled lite', than princes usualls are. The oby. in the graces of style the writer inight jects of his curiosity, and be subjects of be, for powers of thinking, for sagacity nis discourse, are such as seem to im. and extent of information, he deserves cate he is a inan of sense; whether he much s. ise. has talents for empire, time must shiew. The Appendix commences in the fola Without understanding the doctrine of lowing words: “ The foregoing sheets chances as well as De Moivre, one inay were first published in April, and we are pronounce the chances are nearly infinite now in the next November, Tiine and ihat he has not. I am glad however events have, in the short intervening princes begin to travel; one has a chance space of seven months, but too plainly of meeting these itinerant monarchs some and too strongly confirmed the opinions where, and they amuse us at leasi ils well respecting our American ineasures and as stuffed eagles or lions in a muscuin. their consequences, which were then

“I was in great hopes that you would presumed by the author to be laid before have had the curiosity to have come to the public. It is in the preceding pages town, to have heard lord Chatham in explained, that the plan proposed and support of his motion the other day, and confided in by the administrative on that when you had got so far towaruis Bath occasion appeared to be, that the reinoval you might have proceeded, and I should of the Custoin-house, and the suspension have had the happiness of secing you of the commerce of Boston, would soon here. The primate of Irelavd, and sir bring on their knces, and subject to our William Robinson), were so good as to commands, the inhabitants of that town call on me in their way to London; they and of its colony, who were, by that staid only three days. I believe the means to become, besides their owi obeprimate will go to Tunbridge before he dience, an example and a terror to the returns to Ireland.

rest of their brethren on that continent; “ I believe I shall not remove from but the policy and the probability of this hence till the middle of next month, wien fine-spun schere are there doubted of, I propose to make a visit at Mount Edge- questioner, and discussed. It is reprecumbe. I am ashamed of this long let. sented that the harsh and violent meater. I have an opportunity of sending it sures then carrying on in America be to London this momeni. I an!, dear received no otherwise than as a declarabrother, with most affectionate esteem, tion of war, and depend upon the same

E. Montagu."

issue; that it could only be by force or In the dispute with Anuerica, Mr. Ro- by conquest, if they were subinitted to; binson, though long retired from parlia- that we must expect to have to do with an ment, was a mooi strenuous and able op- union of that continent; that it would ponent of the ministeriai plans. In the among them be made a common cause not progress of that unhappy affair, he wrote to be taxed by us; and that they would several pamphlets, which were received certainly join, combine, and assiciate towith great attention. The earliest I have gether, for their general and mutual assistmet with is ei itled, “Considerations ance and defence. Is there any occaon the Measures carrying on with respect gion to say whether these things bave to the British Colonies in North America. proved true? The second edition, with adibicin ; and We were at the same tiine warned, an Appendix relative to the present State that if it was intended to use force and of Affairs on that Continent," with the violence, the decision night not be so following motto: There is neither king very soon, or so very sure; that these or sovereign lord on earth whu bas, be- being a truly free people, and their goyond his own dumaill, power to lay one vernments democrátical, they would be farthing on his subjects, without the able to arin every man in their cruntry; that necessity would, besides their com- collective capacity, an inherent right to • mittees of correspondence then subsisting, signify our sentiinents of the national teach them other means of moving and measures, to those who contrive, gover), of acting together; that they would pro- and direct them; that the concern therein bably have at their head some of the of many is upon the comparison much as wisest and of the ablest of their coun- considerable, one for one, as their own; 'try; that the influence of our governors but that of all united and taken together, and of our other civil officers would shrink almost as the ocean to a drop of waier; to nothing; nor our own authority pro. that we are men, and not a flock of sheep "bably extend further than where it was forced to follow our fellow, because le


enforced by our own troops ; that our happens to bear a bell about his neck. very soldiery would desire and endeavour The writer has thrown out these things to leave us, and go over to the Ameri- from a sincere and an earnest desire of

cans. Has one word of all this fallen to the general safety and welfare; he 'the ground? Or is there almost a single heartily hopes that the seed is sown in

sentence of it, which is not now become good ground, and that it will bear fruit ' a matter of fact?

for the benefit of the whole! But if, " It was further set forth, that no im- after all, the hand of fate is upon this mediate impression upon the town of nation; if the period approaches in which Buston, or possession taken of it by a we are doomed to perish; if there is at fleet or an army,would carry the command once an incurable madness in our coupof all that continent, or force them to cils, and a boundless ob-equiousness in submit to measures so aniversally against our proper guardians and protectors; their bent and inclinations; but that on if the constitution is forgotten, and men the contrary the most strenuous and most of weight and of effect abandon their vigorous exertions were from that whole country, I inust say that His will be done, people to be expected, in support of their who governs both individuals and comcommon liberties and properties. May munities! I trust, nevertheless, that I call on our ministers, and demand these words will not be so lost, but that whether they are not theinselves sensible they shall at least preserve one private by this time of all these things?"

person from the charge and the con* The writer concludes with the following sciousness of having scrupled to speak emphatic paragraph. “ It is not owing freely and plainly his opinion of the daue to a want of information, to a want of gers, and the but too probable ruin imunderstanding, to a want of sense, and pending over the country.” a knowledge of the importance or the In 1776, Mr. R. published, “ A fure imprudence of our American measures, ther Exainination of our American Meaif some people of property, of capacity, sures, and of the Reasons and Principles of independence, seem to sleep supinely on which they are founded.” 8vo. while a rock is ready to fall and to crush In the next year also, he brought their country. There is in public con- forth another pamphlet, entitled, "Peace cerns an abjectness which obtains and the best Policy; or, Reflections on the daily increases among us, and that in a Appearance of a Foreign War, the rank of men where it ought least to pre- present State of Affairs at Home, and vail, and to whom others are entitled to the Commission for granting Pardons in look up in a time of danger or of diffi- America." 8vo. culty. The rise and the beginning of this In 1778, when he had completed his might readily be pointed out; it was not 65th year, was still an eldest son first of this reign: but these men may only; but in the spring of that year truly be told, that there is no support his father died, at his house in the neigh' for ihemselves but in the stability of all; bourhood of Bond-street, at the age of that their private fortunes and possessions 84; and he came into possession of the will, in the common destruction, most paternal estates in the northern parts of inevitably go to wreck and to ruin with Yorkshire, and on the confines of Durthe rest: the cloud from the Atlantic ham. It was only in the preceding threatens them as well as the merchant February, that Mrs. Montagu mentiand the manufacturer, the farmer, and oned her father in the following words: the labourer. But we seem not to re- " I suppose you know there was a report member that we are born Britons; that of my father's death. I had promised 10 governments are instituted for the good introduce the dowager Duchess of Beauof the governed, and for that only ; that fort to the French ambassadress on Wedwe have in our inuediate personal and nesday night; so, though the weather was


ble, I went out; and such was the report remainder, after his brothers, to the of poor papa, that I was stared at as a

Kentish branch of his family. He spent ghost when I entered the room, and the his family fortune, and sold the beautiservants below were very busy question. ful seat of Rokeby Park, which now ing my foolmen. Today I had a mes belongs to I. B. S. Morritt, esg.: he sage from lady Ann and lady Betty died, 1777. The primate was created Finch, with an apology, that not having an Irish peer by the title of lord Rokeheard of that melancholy event till to. by, on 26th February, 1777, with the day, they had not sent enquiries. All same collateral remainder as the baronthis while the old gentleman is in as etage. Of this respected nobleman, it good health as heiras been for this has been truly said, that “the many twelvemonth." The accession of for- magnificent buildings and institutions tene, by his father's death, made no dif- erected and endowed by him, for public ference in Mr. R.'s mode of living. benefit and private conveniency, both in

It was in the preceding year that he England and Ireland, will always prereceived a visit from his cousin, the serve a grateful recollection of a man, Primate of Ireland. Mrs. Montagu, who near thirty years filled the first sta. in a letter of that date, says, “ The pri- tion in the sisier kingdom, with so much mate and sir William Robinson were credit to himself, and advantage to the much pleased with my brother's kind nation." reception of thein. Indeed I do not Mr. R., now become lord Rokeby, know any one who makes his house so neither varied his style of living, his agrecable to his friends. His parts and manners, his habits, '

nor his dress. The knowledge inake him an excellent com- independence and whiggism of his poli. panion, and his apparent benevolence, tics were not in the smallest degree integrity, and virtues, enderr his abated in their ardour. In April 1797, talents.'

when he had attained the age of eighty. In 1780, his popularity and strenuous four, he sent forth his last pamphlet, entiexertions contributed to obtain for his . tled, “An Address to the County of Kent, younger brother, Charles, who was on their Petition to the King for remoRecorder of Canterbury, that seat in ving from the Councils of his Majesty bis parliament, from which himself had present Ministers, and for adopting retired nearly twenty years before ; and proper Means to procure a speedy and the same exertions co-operated again to an bappy Peace," &c. reinstate him in 1784.

The following are the concluding words In 1786, Mr. R. published, “An of this address: "I will now take iny Address to the Landed, Trading, and leave. There are, I trust, no excuses or Funded, Interests of England, on the apologies necessary to be made on this present state of Public Affairs.” occasion by one who did, from his early

In 1794, when eighty-one years old, dys, adopt the principles of an old and Mr. R. became, by the death of his cou- true wbig, the principles of Mr. Sydney, sin, the primare, who was little older than Mr.' Locke, Lord Molesworth, Mr. hiinself, a peer of Ireland. Richard Ro- Trenchard, and such men, from which binson, the primate, was sixth son of he has to the best of his knowledge, William Robinson, esq. of Rokeby, in throughout his life, in no single action or Yorkshire, who was grandson of William circumstance ever once varied or swerv. Robinson, esq. of the same place, whose ed, and a hich he will certainly now younger brother sir Leonard Robinson, relinquish only at his grave." (who died in 1690) was great grandfather Years still rolled on, and lord R. of the subject of this article, so that he possessed all his faculties, and all his was only third cousin to his predecessor, spirits; he could not walk, as he had This niagnificent prelate had gone over formerly done, but he yet could use tn Ireland as chaplain to the duke of exercise, and pass much of his time in Dorset in 1751, and was the same year the open air. 'In short, the powers of promoted to the bishopric of Killala; in life seemed so vigorous in him, that he 1759 he was translated to the sees of appeared destined to reach the age of Leighlin and Ferns; and in 1761, to the 100; when, in 1800, a weakness fell into see of Kildare: and at length, in 1765, one of his ancles, which he himself actrie to the primacy of Ireland. His elder buted to a strain. On this occasion, he brother, sir Thomas, who was a vain resorted to one of his sovereign remedies, and eccentric character, had been the bathing it in cold water; and he per: created a baronet in March 1ęso, with severed su long in this method, in che MONTILY Mac. No. 200,



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