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severest weather, in defiance of all the the most painful sufferings, with which remonstrances of bis attendants, that the amazing strength of his constitution serious and alarming symptons began to struggled to the last, he died on the 30th discover themselves. At length, he was of Noveinber, 1800, in the 88th year of confined to bis room and his bed: a mortification ensued; and after six weeks of
SCARCE TRACTS, WITH EXTRACTS AND ANALYSES OF
It is proposed in future to devote a few Puges of the Monthly Magazine to the
Insertion of such Scarce Tracts as are of an interesting Nature, with the Use of which we may be fuvoured by our Correspondents; und under the same Head to
introduce also the Analyses of Scarce and Curious Books. “ The English Spanish Pilgrime; or, unew was our author: after being tanght to
Discovery of Spanish Popery and Jesu- read and write at Seville, till he was itical Stratagems. With the Estate of eight years old, he was sent, by the adthe English Pentioners and Tugitidcs, vice of the Jesuits, to the celebrated colo under the King of Spaines Dominion, lege of St. Omner's, the institutes and cusand elsewhere, at this present. Also, toms of which, he thus details: laying open the new Order of the Jesuitri- “ This colledge was founded about ces, and preaching Nunnes. Composed by some 40 years since, by the order and James Wadsworth, Gentlemun, newly furtherance of Father Parsons, that faconueried into his true Mothers Bosome, mous Jesuit who sent Father Flacke to the Church of England ; with the Mo S. Omers, with sufficieut monges for the tiues why he left the Sea (see) of Rome; foundation, having before obtained of his a late Pentioner to his Majesty of Catholic Majesty a pension of 2009 Spuin, und nominated his Captain in duccats per annum, for the maintenance Flunders ; Sonne to Mr. James Wads- of the students there. worth, Bachelor of Divinity, sometime " At which colledge (as I above said) of Emanuell Colledge, in Uniuersity of accompanied with two other fryars, I arCambridge, who was peruerted in the rived, who after they bad been well reYeere 1604, and late Tutor to Donna fectioned hy the rector, they tooke their Muria, Infanta of Spaine. The second leave of them and the rest of the paterniEdition, corrected and amended. ties, and returned into their own conPrinted at London, by T. Cotes, and vents: I remained behinde, and for the R. C. for Mich. Sparke, dwelling at first night was, by the rector and the the Blue Bible, in Greene Arbor. other fathers, well entertained at supper, 1650."
making vp the time our stomachs would THE author commences his narrative spare vs, with discourse of my present 1604, and son of James Wadsworth, they might more at large be informed of, B.D. rector of Colton and Great Thome, they lengthened the meal to my narration, Norfolk, and chaplain in ordinary to vnuill bed-time broak vp bóths. No the Bishop of Norwich. Upon his sooner had the morning and myselfe father's going out chaplain and joint opened our eyes, but the rector and faconmissioner with the ambassador sir ther Creswell sent for me, where they Charles Cornwallis to Spain, the Jesuits begun a remonstration of their rules and immediately attacked him with disputa, orders, and obseruations, somewhat shorttions, which he was weak enough to hold er than their entertainment. First, with them; but not succeeding by this that they might take none blindfold, they means, at least openly, they effected their opened me with a general confession of purpose by mock miracles. He there all my sins; then clused vp all again by fore settled in Spain : the Jesuits, that the sacrament; and after this, least there his conversion might not be ascribed to miglit be any relique of the world left profit, taking care that bis income should upon mee, they made mee disinvest my, not be too large. After a time he per- selfe of such profane garments I hart, and suaded his wife to come to him in Spain, the superfluities of haire ; but one they with their children, the youngest of whom kept, the other they threwe away: then
was I reinvested with a doublet of white honoured with cap in band I know no canas, breeches and stockings that had reason, unless they mean to pay them not troubled the weauer with ouer with respect of boyes, tor the disrespect much pains, cassocke of the same, they giue themselves; yet this may seen blacke and graue, the band precise and sufficient for those, all which, except Fashort, with a hat that might almost shad. ther G. Kemp and Brother Brownie, were dow all, and shoves correspondent. Thus neither born nor bred to deserve higher, accoutred, the rector delivered me to being such as either misfortunes, debts, another student, to whom he gave the or inisdecds, had in ship wrackie cast npcharge of shewing me the colledge, and on coast, where only perpetuall seruicomiiting me to Father Thunder to ap- tude was their liberty, and misfortune point me a study and a chamber in the their only fortune. Thus much for the dormitory, which was speedily done, and obedience the students are bound to be. the next morning I was promoted to the stow upon lather Jesuites and lay-brofirst form, called the figuies; there I had thers. Let us now descend to the sugiven me a schedule, which contained dents: their chiefest quality is noble blood ihe duties and obseruances of the house, for the most part, to make such a prowhich are as followes : first, and above ail, selyte the fathers compasse sea and entire obseruance and duty to be performó land, perswadding them that such a call ed to the rector as our vice-god; next to the addes in their nobility. Of others less vice-rector, as his minister; nexttothe p: 2- eminent by birth, it is required they fects, which are overseers to the schooles. should at least equall if not transcend in The first of these was Father Robert eininency of paris and wits, in which Drury, who had lis eyes knocked out of time would purchase letter portions then luis head with his braines at Black Fryers; men more nobly descended would have the other father Thunder, who appoints affwarded froin inheritance. The number chambers and studies, inakes them ren- of the first ordinarily neither arfounts der account of their studies, keepestoures above or under an 100, of the other 40. of study and recreation, and exercises The obseruation of the distribution of unany of lois claps vpon their breeches. the day is thus: cuery morning the fifth The third is Father Darcy, of the Sodali- hour summons them up, the first half is tinn Beatæ Mariæ, and the refectory. bestowed in making up themselues and Then to all Vie rest of the fathers in the their beds; the pilace where they sleep is house, as Father John Flood, hee who called a dormitory, which containes three is their champion to answer and write long galleries toppiug the honse: each of: against the protestants in England, and these is furnished with some 50 beds, disFather Baker, bursar of the colledge, canced only by a partition of boards: the who keepes the bagge and prouides ve- next half houre the chappell doth chalcessaries. Besides, especial respect is lenge their attendance, the masse their due to the fue masters of the schooles, deuotion ; whn-soever is absent shall be to Father Adrian, or Tush, which the stu
sure to haue the vowelcome presence of dents called him, from his own mouth; l'ather Thunder. At six they go all to Father Lacy, the reader of poetry and study in a large hall under the first galmaster of the syntax; Father slenry lery, where according to order each takes Bently, and Father John Compton, of his seate, where they study one hour, grammer; and father Joli Crater, of and in the midst walks Father Thunder, the figures; and Father Wilson, overseer and sees they all keep silence and be dis of the print-house; and besides duty is ligent at their books; ai are bound to.be to be given to the porter, who is ine there without budging; at seven, which Lord Montagues brother, who hath not is their houre of breakfast, they go down as yet beene higher promoted ;* to the iwo by two), with their bookes under their bursar, brewer, taylor, butler, baker, arms, and first, those in rhetoricke.vnto apothecary, shooe maker, master of the the refectory, where euery one has for infirmary, who ouerlookes the sicke, the bis part a peece of bread and butter, clearke, and cook, which are all lay. and beere, as pleaseth him. The loss of brothers, which why they should bęe thus this breakfast is their punishment whose
names liad been given up to the prefect He says (p. 29) that they had of him no
for having spoke English the day before, less than 10,0001. ster). but for his situation, but within a quarter of an hour, each he was to work miracles after death. He adds, boy quits the refectory, and repaires to that they made a brother of Sir Gerard Kempe, the schovies; from seven and an baitun. of whom they got 2 or 30001. caterer to ide till nine and better they are exercised in college.
repeating and shewing what cooposures
they have made, after which time tations, one of one side reads the Latine the prefects and masters leave the Martyrologe, and another afier the Engschooles, and the students of the three lish, which contains the legend of our under schooles yo up to those of the up- English martyrs and traitours together, per, which read 10 ilem Greek till ten, sometimes two in one day. at which houre every une betakes bin- “The students heare out the relation self to his study untill eleven, as in the with admiring and cap in hand, to the morning before, then to dinner. Alier memory of Campion, Garnet, Thomas they have ranged thëselues awhile the Becket, and Moure. After this, vntill rector and fathers enter, the elder saies
seven and a halle musicke, untill eight grace himselfe, or ordains another, which they
themselves together, being done he placeih bumselfe at the thence to their studies againe until halfe upper end of the table, the others in an houre be past, so to their letanies, and their order. All this while the students to proude themselves to bed, but before mouths are shut not from eating but they doe it for the most part, they despeaking, be:towing their eares vpon six mand on their knees all the prefecis beother of their companions disputing three nedictions, otherwise they take not thein. against three in iwo pewes one ouer
selues blest; then while they are disro thwart the other, of such things which ling themselues, one amongst them
rearles sone miracle, or new bouke, may rather belp digestio to the fathers vutill sleep close up all
, and Father Thonthen benefit their own vnderstardings, as
der's noyse awake them in the mornwhether their paternities had better eat flesh or fish, drink wine or beere, and ing: Discipline is here enough, were it this dispute begins and ends with their well bestowed; thus pass their duyes and dinner at the fathers meale both Ceres when on the afternoones they are licensed
yeeres, saue Teu-days and Thursdays, and Bacclius vouchsare their
to the recreations of the open fields; on sit, and that liberally too, their meat is what their delicacies can desire, that of the college, hy two and two, l'ather
this wise diuner ended, we march forth their procurator caters for: thic abbey of Thunder himselfé carrying up the rear, Watton, two leagues distant, furnishing untill we are distant about a mile from them with that fatnesse it was wont to afford the monkes, as you may read in ball, or bowles, or other such games, till
the towne, where we walke, or play at Owen.
the clock and our stomachs strike supper“Now let vs come to the collegiates or
time, wherice repairing to the colledge, stucets, and their diet: first, they are rost mutton is our prouision, being not served in 'by seven of their own rancke ordinary. ' Now let us touch sabbath weckely, and in course, and according to affaires, vnto‘which on Saturday on the seniority, each man hatt first brought afternoone, from four to six, and after Him a messe of broth; which is the anti- supper till eight, all the students confesse past: afterwards half a pound of beefe, themselues to their ghostly fathers aboue which they call their portion, after an named: on Sunday morning at six of the apple, or piece of cheese for their post clocke, they hie to their studies, where past, bread and beere as they call for it. they read sacred letters untill seven, from When they have ended the meal, the thence to the chappel, and congregation rector enjoynes silence to the disputants, of our lady, which is kept in one of the and then rising frứ the table bimselfe, schoules; Father Darcy aforesaid being stands and sayes grace, which said prefect of the place, where sitting in a the students first go out one by one, each chair, he exhorts all to the honour of the making his reuerence hat in hand to the virgin Mary; declaring to them her great rector; next after himself goes forth to power and miracles; all the schollars are heare them play their inusicke, which is not admitted bere vnto, but those only in a great hall over the resectory; thence whom the prefect and his twelve convntili one of the clocke they recreate sullurs approue of, which twelve consulthemselves in the garden, thence each are ordinarily termed his white man to his study, which is vntill two, boyes. The priuiledge of this sodality then again to the schooles, so vntill four is, that they haue graces, rosaries, and and an half (as in the morning) at their beades; indulgences, meddals, and halGreek and Latin exercises : then againe lowed grains from his holinesse. In verto their studies, vnuill six, which is supa fue whereof, as the prefect tels them, per-time; and in the same manner spent as dinner, sauing that six oihers go into Jesuits executed in Engl. v. Eliz. &c. the pewes, and after some short dispu. See Fuller's Ch. Hist. b. ix. p. 117, &c.
being once admitted into the same so. These commandements they diuide ciety, they may obtain pardon of all into two parts: all for me, and nothing their siones past, ill the hour of their for thee."— from puge 27 to 28. death, saying or but thinking on the
In 1622, our author obtained leave to Haine of Jesus, Mary, Juseph, they are go from St. Omer's tu Spain, which be actually pardoned, and free from the did, be savs, (page 31) in a ship “ that paines of purgatory; which otherwise, hari laken" a se certification from the had they not beene of this society, they governor of Calais that the ship and should have endured.
guods belonged thereunto.
In their “With one of the aforesaid graines, voyage they had an engagement with a saying Ave Aluria, they may, by the pirate, which I shall give, as describing virtue
of each, deliver soule a sea-fignt of that era, in his own words: from purgatory.
Besitles, on the day “ This ship was of an one hundied any that are in this sodality establisbie tunne burther, carrying twelve pieces ut their sins are remitteil, swearing fide- orduance, fortv men besides passe wers, licy, and stiling themselves the Virgini's one chirurgion and (wo trumpetcers. slaues. On this manner each Sunday, And we departed with seuen other shups between seven and eight they spend in the company, and hauing sailei iu their time, and they all go to masse, and the promantery called Fmés Terræ, receive the communion; thence to upon the coast of Galinia, we descried brenkefast, afier to sturly, whereas be- a slip coming from the coast of Portufore, they busie themselves in reading gall, which took his course aside of ws; at diuine stories til dinner; anon after dine last we perceiving hee discerned our ner to their church where they sing French colours, we forthwith made cum vespres and letanies to our lady for wards hiin, who put out the Sia:es cuEngland's conuersion, hauing written on lours, but we supposing hiin to be a their church and colledge Joures in great pyrate of Algier, Sally, or Richell, is golden letters, Jesu, Jesu, conuerte in. would not be amisse to board boiin, heing glium, fiut, fiut. These are only the so near the coast of Spaine, mot dwutica quisides of their profession: but now will ing within a few houres to take bin, to I rippe up the very bowels of these which end the admirall, with the vilier treacherous glosing fathers: first, those five being all French, joyned himselfe schollars who are pobly descended and
to the vice-admirall, being the strongest of rich parentage, they strive to allure of the company, they were conceited by their dovied words and Aartered ini. it were best to let hiin gne; but the vicebracings, endowing them with pictures, adinirail, desirous to contest wish them, beads, medelals, agnus dei, which they preparing bimselse for lo tight, launchi. diave froin Rome. Also that their baits ing forth his boate, chargmg hus artillery, may take etfect, they licence them to muskets, and murthering pieces, * laying participate of all those wines and june his waimes of powder, nayling vplis cates, prouided for their own pallates, decks, crossing the hatches with cables, and if white boys of a comely feature, and hanging his grappling chaine on the they bestow on them (though ill-de- maine mast; which done, the captaine serving) the prelieininence of the of the vice-admirall Jaques Banburge lig schooles. And with these is the pre- name, began to encourage his marmers, fect of inusick most recreated, reading to telling how easy it was for seuen to take them Ouid, flor. Carull. and Propertius." one, not thinking the supposed pyrale iu - From page 11 to 19.
Irave had abors thirty mer!, and in “ As for iheir religion, they make it a pieces of ordnance, whereupon the rest cloake for their ivickedness, being must gathering together, resolved that the allof thein atheists, or very bad christians; mirall should make the first cuset, and these are they "that observe these len the vice-admirall the second, and the commandmenis ubich follow:
rest in their order; but the Hollander '1. To seek riches and wealth.
discerning us to be Trencii, mide un 2. To govern the world.
haste to escape us, and buing gollen the 3. To reforme the clergy.
winde made towards us, wins a desire to 4. To be still jocund and merry.
get some provision of vs for his money, 5. To drinke white and red wine. 6. To correct text of scripture.
Grose (Milo Antiq. i. 413) hus Mur. 7. To receive all tithes.
berers chambered pieces of cannon, much 8. To make a slaue of their ghostly child. used in small forts, and on shipboard. 9. To keepe their owne and live on ano- oid dictionary or teclinical terms has, Marther man's purse.
dering sbut to clear the decks when mua 19. To govern their neighbour's wife.
and we towards him, which seeing, he they boarded vs with fire and sword, hung out a flag of truce, but our adinirall massacring all those that came first too saluted him with two pieces of ordnance, their hands, and after they had cleared our vice-admirall with four, and the rest the decks they desisted."- From P.
Si in their order came on, which he varie to 33. anly withstood, putting forth on each The Dutchinen then shifted the priside some fourteen brasse pieces of ord- soners to a Hamburgher, which was nance, not haung before out above four taken by the Moors of Sallv. The stare or five, his burden being some two hun- of the slaves he thus describes : dred tunne, with one hundied and fifty " This Murisco carried me
to his men and fire trumpeleers, who turning house, where fettering one my legs with about, gave us two broadsides with his an irone chain, and cloathing me with a ordnance, shuning three or four of our caruas suite, laid there iniunchons v pou ships through and ihronghout. Our ad- me: forse lie gaue me charge of his sta. mirati and the other French sivipe seeing hle, and then to grind at his hand mill, theniselues deceiued, and that he was and to draw mater at the fountaine, no pyrate, but a statesman of warre, fled, with many others of the like nature. leauing our vice-admirall engaged in the The victuals he gave me were fight. The rice-admirall seeing how grenas, cabbage, and goat-flesh; as for the case stood, said unto us twelve, that my lodging it was in a dungeon, in the we were now to die with honour, or sure market-place, where they vse conmonly uive with infamy, and because we were tu fudge their slaues, who repaire there young and unexpert in sea-fight, to en- every night about eight of the clocke, courage the heiter, made vs drmk each their masters manilting their hands beone of vs a good draught of aqua vilæ fore for leare they should make an insurwith gunpowder; this done, he enjoyned rection, the number being about ciglic his marriners to play on them with small bundred; being Spaniards, Frenchmell, shot, but they replying so stoutly, made Englinli, Italians, Portugals, and Flema our marriners quickly quit the hatches, mish; our beds were nothing but rotten and Ay to their ordnance underveath, as straw, laid on the ground, and over their best defence, whereupon we killed couerlets, peeces of old sailes full of mil. the master of their ship, which their lions of lice and feas, being constrained captaine perceiving, discharged more to put back to back, and ruh out the eagerly, and with the shot took off the paine; about five of the clock in the sterne of our ship, which our captain inorning, the doore being opened, we perceiuing, grew desperate, even some- repaire to our masters houses, and so to times minded to blow vp the ship; in our wonted worke."- From page 57 twelve shootes more they strooke downe to 38. our maine-mast, and killed our chirur- The remainder of the author's history gion, who newly was come up from is, that he escaped from Africa to Spain, onder the lowermost deckes, and saying where he obtained an appointment under these words, Si Deus nobiscum, quis contra his catholic majesty; but, through read. nos, was slaine on a sudden with a con- ing the Scriptures, detected the errors of mon bullet, and hauing one hand on my the Romish church, and going into shoulder, pulled mee downe along with France, emigrated from thence to Enge him, his blood streaming out upon me. land, where he became a protestant,
“ And thus, after seven houres fight,
Extracts from the Portfolio of a Mfan of Letters,
hæres. 64,) saying: " Take the leaves, not M Rome, omits to observe chat ene christians had early converts ainong the procession on Palm-sunday was a rite priests and votaries of Serapis; and borrowed from the worshippers of Sera- were therefore the more inclined to pis. It was Origen who introduced it coalesce in any innocent observance of into the christian church. He is said to that form of worsbip. In a letter of the have presented palm branches to the emperor Hadrian, preserved by Vopiscus, adorers of the #gyptian idol on their it is said: Illi,qui Serupin colunt, Chrisfavourite holiday, (Epiphanius, lib. ii. tiani sunt