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densers might be applied to one boiler, more projections are formed; which plate or two or more boilers may be applied to being let in, and fixed to the nave of a one or more condensers. The cooler wheel, will answer the porpose required, or condenser might be another pau not by impeding the notion of any carriage, heated, but for saving of expense, the to the wheel or wheels of which the patentees recommend clay lined with same is applied. The levers are, or may brick-flags, or any other cheap and con. be, connected with the body of any kind venient materials, for forming a shallow of carriage, and to such part thereof as pond or reservoir, communicating with may prove most convenient, by either the boiler, and acting as such cooler or chains, strings, cords, leather, or any condenser: any other way of causing an other substance necessary for the puralternate variation of the degrees of pose. heat in the brine, during the process, would produce a similar effect; “but no MR. JOHN SCHMIDT's, (ST. MARY AXE) niethod,” say they, “can be more sim. for a Phantasmagoric Chronometer, or ple and easy for this purpose, than that Nocturnal Dial, rendering visible at which we have described; and this, in Night, to any enlarged size, the Diul its principle, comprehends all other me- of i Walch, against the Wall of a thods of graduating and regulating the
Room, &c. &c. heat of the brine, by alternate increase This instrument consists of a rase, or and diminution; and therefore we pro. any. ornamental case, either of woord, test against the evasive employment of stone, tin, or any other metal applicable, any mode different in form and appear- and so constructed as to allow a free ance, whereby the same or the like effect communication of the air, yet to prevent may be produced, either entirely or par- the rays of the light from being visible; tially, inasmuch as all such different and having on one side a watch with two modes would be in substance and prin- dials, or what are called the day and ciple, the same as that which we bave night dial, and on the opposite side å described; and we particularly notice combination of glasses, or a single glass that, as the communication is to be moveable in a tube: the diameter of the open, a pan or pans of an enlarged size, glass is one inch and three-quarters, and having the heat applied only to part the pins two inches and three-quarters; thereof, would operate to the forming of serving to represent the inward or nightly the salt, because in that case the parts dial, against the wall. In the foot of the ! of the pan not heated, would be in effect vase is a light or lamp, shut in, yet so condensers to the heated parts of the constructed, that by means of a little pan; but the extension of the pans would door or slider, it may be taken out, and operate against saving of expense. By when in, may be altered in its position, the addition of the coofers or conden. and placed nearer or further off the magsers, a much greater quantity of salt will nifier or dial. In the bottom of the vase be made in the sanie space of time, than is a case, to receive the waste oil of the can be made in the same pans or boilers, lamp. Having stated at large the parwithout the coolers, or condensers.” ticulars of the nocturnal dial, the pa
tentee goes on to describe the mysterious CHARLES LE CAAN'S, (LLANELLY,) circulation, or chronological equilibrium; for an Invention of certain Apparutus which apparatus may be applied instead to be added to the Arle-trees and of the watch-work, described in the speWheels, or Naves of Wheels, of Cur. cification, and illustrated with figures, riages, so as to impede, resist, or check, or may be used as a separate time-piece, their Action.
or as an orrery. It consists of the work This invention consists in causing the of a horizontal or vertical watch, fixed wheels, or either wheel singly, of any in a box or globe, representing the carriage whatsoever to be stopped, or earth. “I fix," says Mr. Schmidt, " to become stationary, at the pleasure of the the hour-hand wheel a weight; and the driver, thereof, by means of bolts or box, with the watch and weight, are slides of iron, or any other metal or com- fixed to the lever, through which the pound metal, attached to an axie-tree steel centre or axis, made of hardened of any kind or sort, which bolts or slides, steel turned very smooth and thin to by nieans of levers, with or without the prevent friction, is fixed. On the other assistance of springs, come into contact end of the lever is attached a box, conwith a plate of iron, or any other metal, taining lead sufficient to counter-balance or compound metal, on which one or the watch in every position when in mo
tion; to obtain which with facility, the to the steel centre, and is confined within weight should be fastened in such a man- the ornamental case or vase, that con, ner as to be moveable out and in, op- tains the lamp and magnifier; the hand wards and downwards, &c. when ad- shewing the hours is fixed within the justing it, the proper weight and quantity case. By this contrivance, the watchof the counterpoise should be found by work is not exposed to the heat of the trials, as the weight and size of different lamp, as in the manner described with time-pieces are not alike.” In that re- the double dial. To represent the incomprended by Mr. S. the box contains créase and decrease, as well as the reing the watch is three quarters of an inch gular revolution of the moon round the high, and the distance from the steel earth, an apparatus is fixed to the back centre, is one inch and seven-eighths of the globe or box, in such a manner long: the counterpoise is one inch and á as to make the moon invisible when bequarter in diameter, and half an inch tween the sun and earth, and then, high; and the distance from the steel when turning round, gradually to incentre is two inches and one-eighth of an crease, shewing the phases on the proinch long, the weight fixed to the hour- per day; for which reason, the number hand wheel, forms a semi-circle, and is of days in the month are engraved upon the one-eighth of an inch thick: the a brass circle, fixed round the globe, whole rests upon two ornamental and The motion is effected by a little weight jewelled supporters, or friction rollers, fixed to the axis of a pinion, with six which are screwed upon a stand, upon teeth, this pinion acting into a wheel which is also fastener a supporter for the with thirty teeth. To the axis of this rim, serving as a dial, which may be dic wheel is attached the bent arin of the vided into twelve, or twenty-four hours, moon, the other end of this arm serving according to the construction of the as à counterpoise to the weight of the time-piece; the hours and minutes are moon; this apparatus, turning round shewn by one hand only, or, if required, with the box or globe, occasions the a nonius may be applied to subdivide the pinion to be turned by the weight, ali minotes. The centre piece serves to ways hanging perpendicularly, and thererepresent the sun. To use this apparatus by causing the wheel, üith the moon, to as a nocturnal dial, the reflector is fixed move one tooth every day.
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MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, Communicalion of Articles of Intelligence, &c. are requested under cover to the Care of the Publisher.
80. A Lady and her Altendant, w. DEMY OF LONDON, 1810.
Owen, R.A. 159. A Groupe of part of (Continued from page 481.)
the Baring Family, T. Lawrence, R.A.
197. Octavius Gilchrist, esq. F.S.A. J. 148. Cleopatra dissolving tbe Pearl; the origi- Lonsdale. 263. & Whole Length of a
nal Design for a Painting executed on the Lady, A. W. Devis; which, for elegance Great Siaircase at Burleigh. 1. Storbard, of attitude, and clearness of tint and coR. A.
loring, has not often been surpassed. THIS is a sketch, but it is of that vi- 292. Sir C. Burrell, M. P. R. R.
gorous class of art that distinguishes Reinagle. 413. The Marquis of Downthose of Rubens, who mostly sketched in shire, J. Lonsdale; this portrait ranks oil. The coloring, chiaroscuro, and local among the best of the present exhibition, tints, are of that brilliant harmonizing na- and is at once simple and dignified in ture, that evinces the hand of a master, character, and vigorous in execution. and the design exhibits the result of deep 401. Mrs. Owen. 402. Children of Lady thinking.
Mildmay, by Edridge. 493. A Nobleman, 166. Benevolence, hy H. Corbould; is J. Northcote, R.A. 505. J. Elmes, esg. a well-imagined little picture, well drawn J. Lonsdale. Among the miniatures, and clearly coloured, but the head of the Robertson, Haines, Mrs. Singleton, Nefold man is rather too obtrusive and equi- ton, Davis, Watts, Pope, and Englehart, vocal; at first sight it is doubtful what it are principally conspicuous; the former is meant for.
(Robertson) by his large portraits of Of 167 and 190, two pictures in the Messrs. P. Coxe, Wilkie, A.R.A. and class of historical or fancy works, by Gwilt, which certainly are among the Drummond, nothing can be said in their finest miniatures ever produced. favor; bad grouping, ill coloring, and an The landscapes of this year are not affected manner of handling, overpower very numerous, but of a high class of the real merits they possess. More sim- art. No. 29. Southampton, by Moonplicity, and a little regard for nature, light, Pether; is a correct representation wonld improve the style of this artist. of the place, and a faithful transcript of a
The next objects that our slight sketch moonlight effect. 44. Elgin Cathedral, admits of, are the portraits : among W. Wilson, is well inavaged. 52. Landwhich, most distinguished for grace or scape on a Lake, Evening, P. J. De dignity of treatment, or excellent color. Loutherbourg, partakes of the usual er. ing, are, 32. Lord Grenville, by T. Pbil. cellencies of this eminent master's works; Jips, R. A. 42. The Persian Ambassador, as does No. 20. Landscape, Morning, by Sir Wm. Beechy, R.A. 61. Lord Castle. the same. 55. A Fisherman's Collage, reagh, and 67. Mr. Canning, both by T. by Miss H. Gouldsmith, is a faithful tranLawrence, R.A. 79. Walter Scott, esq. script of nature. 85. Lowother Castle, author of Marmion, &c. Il. Raeburn. Westmorland, the Seat of the Earl of 1