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found in the re-publication of “ The Nexo sion, the first attempt toward a complete Testament, translated from the Latin in English translation of the Scriptures. the Year 1980, by John Wiclif, D.D. What extent of aid he received, it would to which are prefixed, Memoirs of the now be difficult to discover; but Mr. Life, Opinions, and Writings, of Dr. Baber las pretty clearly proved i hat he Wiclif; and An Historical Account did receive assistance froin at least one of the Suxon and English Versions of the of the strenuous asserters of his prinScriptures, previous to the opening of the ciples, Nicholas de Herford or Hereford, fifteenth Century,” by the Red. H. H. of Queen's-college, Oxford. BABER.
John de Trevisa's claim to an English Wiclif's Version was originally pub- translation of the Bible, Mr. Baber lished in the year 1791, by the Rev. considers as an erroneous report, arising John Lewis, ininister of Margate, in the from a loose assertion of Caxton's, in the county of Kent; in the preparation of preface to his first edition of the Poly. which for the press, he was greatly as- chronicon. sisted by the celebrated Dr. Daniel Wa
We heartily wish Mr. Baber encou. terland. Its value, as one of the best ragement in the farther extension of his monuments of our early language, needs labours; and shall be happy to see the not to be enlarged on here.
Old Testament of Wiclif printed in a · In the “ Memoirs of the Life, Opi- corresponding form. The words of Fanions, and Writings, of Dr. Wichif," Mr. bricius, quoted in his preface, are too Baber has superseded the Life by Lewis. memorable to be omitted here : He concludes it with a more complete "mirum vero est, Anglos eam (ver. lisc of the reformer's writings than has sionem) tam diu neglexisse, quum vel linguæ hitherto been given to the world; men- causa ipsis in pretio debeat." tioning, in most instances, in what re
It may be sufficient, perhaps, to give positories the unpublished pieces may he the title only of “ An Historical and Polifound.
tical View of the Catholic Religion ; fron “The Historical Account of the Saxon which Reasons are deduced that most and English Versions of the Scriptures, peremptorily compel every thinking Man previous to the opening of the fifteenth to combat the Emancipution of the Irish Century;" will be found, if possible, even who are of the Catholic Church.” lo a more interesting than the Life of Wiclif. series of Letters to Lord Grenville. Mr. Baber inentions their first dawn in a In this class also we shall notice brief description of the work of Cadmoni, « A Letter to Sir John Nichol, on his Dea writer who, in the Saxon tiines, had cision against a Clergymun, for refusing the reputation of being inspired. His to Bury the Child of a Dissenter; with a paraphrastic version of several of the Preface adlıressed to the archbishops and most remarkable passages of Sacred Bishops of the Church.” History, is supposed to have been written
Among the most important of the Sirabout the iniddle of the seventh Mons which have appeared, is the course century. After mentioning one or two of lectures to the king's scholars at lost translations of detached parts, Mr. Westminster, in the years 1806, 1807, Baber proceeds to the description of the and 1808, by Dr. IRELAND, entitled, celebrated manuscript of the Gospels “ Paganism and Chrislianity compared." called the “ Durham Brok, containing the subject, as we are informed in the a Latin text, with an interlineary Saxon prelace, is chiefly historical. The event version. The former written by Ead. which serves as the foundation of the frid, bishop of Lindisfarne, about the whole, is the capture of Ronie by Alayear 680: the latter supposed to have rick, in the beginning of the fifth century. been added in the time of Alfred, and Out of this arises, in the brst part, a known to have been the work of one defence of the character of the church Aldreri, a priest. He also gives a pare against the slanders of Payanisin. The ticular account of the Rushworth copy true causes of the decay of the empire of the Gospels in the Bodleian, followed are contrasted with the false; the impoby several other manuscripts of lesser tence of the heathen deities, to whom the note.
prosperity of Rome had heen attributed, After mentioning one or two metrical is exposed in the arguments emploged Psalters of the thirteenth century, and by the ancient apologists of the faith; Rolle of Hampole's prose Psałter of the and the beneficial tendency of the gospel fourteenth, Mr. Baber proceeds to a is asserted, in its connection with dire more particular account of Wiclif's ver- condition of man in the present life.
This part may therefore be called a Nor must we forget another sermon, vindication of the civil character of published in Scotland by Dr. WILLIAM Christianity in the Ronan empire, during Laurence Brown, " On the Character the first four centuries. The second and Influence of a virtuous King," part is employed in discussing the opi- preached on the occasion of the Jubilee. nions of the Pagans concerning the wor
NATURAL HISTORY. ship of a Deity, and the pursuit of hap In this department of our Retrospect, piness, as it was prescribed by the phi- we cannot speak too highly of the first losophical sects, "Lest it should be ob- portion of the tenth volume of the" Linjected," says Dr. Ireland, " that only half nean Society's Transactions ;" although it my task is accomplished, and that the consists of five articles only. The first Telutation of Paganism is not the proof paper is on the Characters of a new of Revelation, a determinacion has been Niaceous genus called Brodiæa," by already taken to begin another course of Dr. JAMES EDWARD SMITH, the presilectures, which shall look to this as their dent of the society. The second paper, principal object; describe, in a regular by the president also, contains * Remanner, the scheme of Revelation; and marks on the Sedum Ochroleucum, br impress more fully on the young hearers, Aaucwow To fuorçox of Dioscorides; in a its doctrines and its duties."
Letter to Alexander Mac Leay, esg.” These discourses are not less distin- The third contains, “A Determination guished by depth of learning, than by of three British species of Juncus with the pious and impressive inanner in jointed leaves, by the Rev. HUGH which the truths they deliver are incul- Davies.” The fourth, and by far the cated.
most elaborate memoir, is by Mr. BROWN, Bishop HORSLEY's “ Sermons,” in two the society's librarian,“ On the Proteavolumes, octavo, form another accession cex oi Jussieu ;" a paper highly crediof no ordinary value to the theologian. table to his talents as a botanist. The The discourses are in number twenty- filth and last memoir, by Dr. Smitu, is nine; of which six were given to the “On a remarkable Variety of Pediculapublic by the bishop bunself in bis life. ris Sylvatica." time. The memory of this learned pre Ainong the productions in this class, late is too fresh in the recollection of our which are more immediately addressed readers to need any observations on the to youth, two deserve to be particularly richness, the originality, or the energy, of notired : " The Wonders of Animated Nohis productions. The efforts of his mind ture;" and " the Young Botanisi's Comare as conspicuous in his posthuinous panion." The former consists of deSermons, as in those which were imme- scriptions at large, and engraved reprediately prepared to meet the public eye seniations of the principal animals in the by himself.
royal menageries of London and Paris; Mr.Outram's "Sermons and Extracts,” translated from La Cepede, with consis are calculated to excite an interest both derable additions by the English editor, with the ineinbers of the church of Eng. The latter, in thirteen dialogues, is deland and those who have separated from signed to afford some fundamental ideas her. The first of the former is a visita- of botanical science. In forming it tion sermon, " Ou the Increase of Sepa. much assistance has been derived from ratists;" the second was preached on “ Rousseau's Letters on Botany," and laying the foundation-stone of Downing the “Studies of Nature.” College. The Ertructs are “illus Dr. Reeve's " Essay on the Torpidity trative of the Opininus, Pretensions, and of Animals,” though amusing, contailis Designs, of those who have of late, either little of new investigation. wholly or in part, deserted the Esta MEDICINE, SURGERY, &c. blished Church, made chiefly from the In announcing the fourth edition of Writings of Armivian and Calvinistic Dr. Willicu's ** Lectures on Diet and Methodists;" in no less than thirty-one Regimen," in our Retrospect, we conceive sections.
ourselves to be recommending one of the Among the single sermons,
best treatises on the subject of health Mr. WALKER'S, “The Sunday after the which has appeared of late years. Funeral of Bishop Strachan," preached in Mr. Cooper's “Dictionary of Practical the episcopal chapel at Dundee, is Surgery," is in fact a system in which ihe peculiarly intitled to our notice. He various topics treated of are arranged in enters at large in it, into the various alphabetical order. His style is clear, fortunes of the episcopal church of Scot, and he has compiled his work with judga and since the revolution of 1688. ment, from the best authors,
Nor can we withhold our praise from Lempfield, Letherhead, Lingfield, Morse the “ Anatomico-Chirurgical Views of the thiam, Mickleham, Mircham, West MoleNose, Mouth, Larynr, and Fauces, with sev, Morden, Newdegate, Nutfield, Ockoppropriate Explanations and Referers- ley, Oxted, Pepperharrow, Puttenbam, ces," by Mr. Wátt. They convey a clear Sandersted, Shallord, Stoke Dabernon,
and accurate idea of the shape, extent, Sutton, Tandridge, Tattesfield, Thursley, . and connexions, of the different cavities Titsey, Waldingham, Walton on the
they represent; and are accompanied Hill, "Walton upon Thames, Warling. with an additional “Anatomical Descrip- ham, Weybridge, Witley, Woners), tion of the Parts,” by Mr. LAWRENCE. Woodinansternc, and Wotton.
The anniversary “Hardeian Oration," Mr. Carlisle's “ Topographical Dicdelivered in Latin by Dr. HEBERDEN, tionary of Ireland," is executed upon the at the College of Physicians, October 18, same plan as the author's two fornier
1809, has been since printed, and fully volumes of “The Topography of Eng. justifies the high character which was lavd.” Prefixed is a list of the most imgiven of it at the time by his auditors. portant topogra, hical and historical books The finest passage is probably that which which he consulted; with an abstract of contains the apostrophe to his father's the Ecclesiastical Establishment of Ireland memory. The whole is in a strain of in 1807, and a glossary or explanation of pore and elegant latinity.
some of those Irish words which must Under the head of
frequently occur in composition with the VOYAGES AND TRAVELS,
names of places. The account of Killawe have but two works of primary derry may serve as a specimen of the importance to notice. Mr. LAMBERT manner in which the generality of the has published his "Travels through Lower better sort of towns are described. Canada, and the United States of North "Killaderry, commonly called Piulipse America, in the Years 1806, 1807, and town, in the barony of Philipstown, 1808 ; to which are added, Biographical King's County, and province of Leinster: Notices of some of the leading Charac- a R. and V., the rectory being valued ters in the United Siates, and of those in the king's books at 18l. sterling, and who have, at various Periods, borne a the vicarage ar 9l. ; a church by no means conspicuous Part in the Politics of thut in good repair: no glebe house, or glebe Country." In three volumes octavo. land. William Ould, D.D. the vicar,
Dr. É. D. Clarke has published his (in 1806), who has cure of souls, is re“ Travels through Russia, the Territories sident at Philipstown, where the church of the Don Cossacks, Cuban Tartary, the stands, and performs the duties in person. Crimea," &c.
Killaderry is in the diocese of Kildare, The latter will form an extended are and province of Dublin. It is 384 miles ticle in our next Supplement.
S. W. from Dublin. According to the TOPOGRAPHY AND ANTIQUITIES. ecclesiastical report, this parish, now The most valuable and the largest work called Philipstown, is the shire-town of we have to notice in this class, is the se- the King's County; and the benefice, cond volume of “ The History and Anti- extreinely poor at present, 'ought, if posquities of the County of Surrey, compiled sible, to le largely augmented.
It bas by the late Rev. Owen MANNING, S.T.B. six post days in the week. The fairs are enlarged and continued to the present holden on the 28th of March, 22nd of Time, by William Bray, of Shire, esg." June, and 3d of December. It was so It comprises the following parishes, named from King Philip, husband to though not arranged in the alphabetical Mary queen of Erigland, who made form in which, for convenience sake, this part of the country shire-ground in we shall here dispose them. Abinger, 1557. It gives title of Baron to the fa. Addington, Albury, Alfold or Awfold, mily of Molesworth. The castle, which Ashted, Bansted, Beddington, Betch- is now in ruins, was built by the Belworth, Brechingley, Great Bookbam, linghams." Little Bookham, Bramley, Buckland, Nor have we less pleasure in describBurstow, Carshalton, Carerham or ing the seventh, than we had in mene terham, Chaldon, Charlewood, Cheam, tioning the former volumes of the “ AntiChelsham, Chesingdon, Chilworth, quarion and Topographicul Cabinet." The Chipsted, Cobham, Compton, Coulsdon more beautiful subjects among the fifty Croydon, Crowhurst, Cuddington, Duns plates which adorn it will probably be fold, Effingham, Epsom, Esher, Farley, found in the west front of Cowdry House, Gation, Godstone, Hainbledon, Has- Sussex; in Cowling Castle, Kent; in the comb, Hedley, Horley, Horne, Leigh, interior of Canon Peon Church, Here.
fordshire; Guild-hall Chapel,' and the of the living. A miscellaneous manucurious Kitchen at Stanton Harcourt, in script however in the Cotton library, of Oxfordshire. We have not often seen the fourteenth century, * relating prina work of 'more equal good execution cipally to St. Alban's, sets its produce at than the present.
three marks. The parliamentary comIn this class also, we have to place missioners, in their enquiry into the the second volume of Mr. WOODBURN's state of the ecclesiastical benefices in “Ecclesiastical Topography;" containing 1650, found the rectory of Ilstree, with fifty Views of Churches in the Environs two acres of glebe, was worth but forty of London, accompanied by appropriate pounds a year; that it had been sequesDescriptions. The commendations we tered from Abraham Spencer, (to whose bestowed upon the former volume need family a fifth of the rectory had been not to be withheld from this. Of the allowed;) and that the cure was supplied Views we prefer those of Merton, Cain- by William Markelman, put in by the berwell, Malden, and Mitchen Churches, committee of plundered ministers. in Surry; of Hayes, and Fout's Cray, in “New court, in the Repertorium Ec Kent; of Flaipton, Northall, Greenford clesiasticum, supplies us with the names Magna, and Harrow, in Middlesex; and of a few rectors only, between 1595 of Woodford, in Essex. In the index, and 1700. The following, of an earlier Ridge, which is in Hertfordshire, is re- dare, occur in a curious manuscript forferred to, by mistake, as a church in merly belonging to St. Alban's Abbey, Middlesex. From the descriptions we and not referred to by bishop Tanner, in have selected the two following as speci- Dr. Rawlinson's Collection at Oxford, mens :
more particularly described in the acElstree.
count of Ridge. The dates are those of “ The village of Elstree is situated presentation : about eleven miles from London, in the
Joh. Wynes. hundred of Caisho, in Hertfordshire. 1467. Thomas William, A few houses only near the church, are
1470. Hen. Spenser. in the parish; the rest standing in the
1471. Malachy keenyan. three parishes of Edgeware, Whitchurch,
1474. John Seman. and Aldenham.
1477. Richard Bisguet alias Bosquet.
1483. John Jubbe. “Of its antiquity we know but little.'
« The rectors from 1700 to the present The property of the place is said to have time, are given froin the bishop of Lonbeen given to St. Alban's Abbey, at its don's Registers : first foundation by king Offa;* and in
1706. William Hawtayne. the Domesday Survey, it is supposed to
17 19. Richard Bainbrigg, M.A. have been included in the manor of Park
1740. Samuel Clarke. bury, detailed among the possessions of 1787. William Hawtayne. the monks, to whom, from a remote “ In the king's books, 1534, it stands period, the rectory of Elstree seems to at eight pounds. The earliest date of have belonged.
the Register, according to Mr. Lysons, “ The church, dedicated to St. Nic is 1636." 'cholas, is a small neat structure; the ap
Bermondsey. pearance of whose exterior has given rise to the supposition that it was ori
“ The new and fair church at Berginally built out of the ruins of the an- the Domnesday Survey, is allowed by our
mondsey, so particularly mentioned in cient city of Sulloniacæ, about a inile distant. "It consists of a nare, chancel, church, which had then been very lately
topographers to mean only the conventual and south aisle, the latter separated from built.t Mr. Manning dates the foundathe body by octagonal pillars and pointed tion of the parish church about the bearches. The tombs are few, and of in- ginning of the reign of Edward III. considerable note. "Since the dissolution of religious from the bishop of Winchester for its
when, in 1997, a commission was issued houses, the advowson of the rectory, consecration by Boniface, bishop of which is in the deanery of St. Alban's
, Corban. I lias been vested in the crown. In the Taxation of Pope Nicholas, 1291, we have only a casual mention of the vill Claud. E. iv, f. 342. called "Wildestret;"+ without any valor + Domesd. vol. i. f. 30. a.
| Manning's Hist. Surr, vol. i. p. 208, Newc. Rep. Eccl. vol. i. p. 840, from Reg. Winton, Orleton. † MS, in the King's Remembr. Off. Ex.
“ But that a church existed here at a the early sections: 1. Ancient Inhabi. periud somewhat earlier, is evident from tants and Government; 2. Historical Pope Nicholas's Taxation, made in the Events; 3. Ancient and modern Division year 1291, where “Eccl'ia b'e Marie of Cheshire; 4. Ecclesiastical Jurisdic. Magdalen de Bermundeseie,” stands at tion and Division; 5. Monasteries, Coithe value of eight marks; at which time leges, and Hospitals; 6. Markel-towns; it paid a pension of two marks to the 7. Population; 8, Principal Land-ownconvent. The edifice was, no doubt, ers; 9. Nobility of the County, and founded by the monks. In the reign of Places whic have given Title to any Henry VIIÍ, 1519, it received the acces- Branch of the Peerage; 10. Noblemea's sion of a turret; and in 1610, of a south Seats ; 11. Baroneis extinct and existing; aisle: but toward the close of the seven. 12. Seats of Baronets; 13. Ancient Fa. teenth century, becane so dilapidated, milies extinct and existig; 14. Geograas to require taking down.t
phical and Geological Descriptions of the “ The present structure of brick co- County; 15. Produce; 16. Natural flisvered with plaister, consists of a chancel, tory; 17. Mineral Springs ; 18. Rivers; nave, and two aisles, enlightened by a 19. Canals; 20. Ruads; 21. Manufacsingle series of arched windows. At the tures. Under the general head of " Antiwest end is a tower, square at the lower quities," we have, 22. Roman Antiquipart, but ending in a kind of doine, ties; 23. British and Roman Roads, and crowned with a turret. The whole Roman Stations; 24. Ancient Church length of the church is seventy-six feet, Architecture; 25 Ancient Painted Glass; and the height of the steeple eighty- 26. Rood Lofts, Screens &c.; 27. Fonts; seven.
28. Stone Stalls and Piscinæ; 29. An. “ The monumental inscriptions, which cient Sepulchral Monuments; 30. Moare neither numerous or particularly cu- nastic Remains; 31. Castles and Sites of rious, are modern. That of Jeremiah Castles; 32. Ancient Mansion Houses ; Whitaker, an eminent puritan, who died ss. Ancient Crosses ; 34. Camps and rector of the parish in 1654, is perhaps Earth-works; 35. Miscellaneous Antithe niost remarkable.
quities; 36. Customs. Of these the “ The advowson of the rectory con- most valuable seem the thirteenth, the tinued with the neighbouring monks till twenty-second, the twenty-ninth, thirtythe dissolution of their monastery, in the second, and thirty-tbird. The section 29th of Henry VIII. when it was granted, entitled "Ancient Fainilies extinct and with the scite of the Abbey,to Sir Robert existing,” is a most curious and elaboSouthwell.I Since that period it has rate inemoir. The “ Parochial Topogra. undergone the same alienations with the phy," which follows the preliminary secmanor, and is now in the patronage of tion, is opened with a concise account of Mrs. Hamblay. In the king's books, the all that has been written on the subject living stands at fifteen pounds eight shile of Cheshire. lings and eleven-pence half-penny. “The only part of Cheshire, (Messrs. “ The rectors since 1700, have been: Lysons observe,) of which we have any
1724. William Taswell, D.D. regular history, is the hundred of Buck 1727. William Browning, M.A. low, written by Sir Peter Leycester, who 1740. John Paget; M.A.
has, with much industry, and apparent 1745. Peter Pinnel, D.D.
accuracy, traced the history of property 1777. Thomas Hanıbly, B.C.L.
and families in that district, from a very 1802 Henry Cox Mason.” In a former Supplement we detailed iu sonie instances a few years later : the
carly periool down to the year 1666, and the plan of Messrs. Daniel and SAMUEL work was published in 1673. Dr. Gower, Lyons's “ Magna Brilunniu." We have in his Skeich of the Materials for a His, now to report their progress in the pub. lication of the second part of Vol. II. tory of Cheshire, of which we shall make
more particular mention, says that it containing a concise topographical de had been asserted, ebar Sir Peter col. scription of " the County Paiarine of Ches, lected for all the hundreds: his own opi. ter." The following are the subjects of nion," he tells us, "vas, that he did
not collect for them professedly, but * MS. in the King's Remembr. Office. that the manuscripts which had been + Aubrey's Hist. of Surry, vol. v. submitted by Lady Leicester to his care,
related to, and extended over, the whole I See Manning's Hist. Surry, vol. i. county; containing a prodigious fuud of p. 186. Lysoas's Env. of Lond. vol. i. p. 549, very valuable infosination. Through the
P. 42, 43.