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ature, are affected by those profound Majesty, is not become barren in talents: convulsions, which shake and decompose We shall collect and lay before you, the nations grown old, until a powerful genius present elements of that French litera. appears to t:anquillize and invigorate iure, of which invidious ignorance rethem. We shall follow in the various viled at every period both the masterparts of the art of writing the effects of pieces and the ciassics; but which was the universal motion. We shall enquire at all times honourable, and even now, what influence the eighteenth century notwithstanding its great losses, continues had over the period, and what influence to be, in every respect, the first literature the period itself may, in its turo), have in Europe. upon futurity. We have insinuated, and His Majesty's answer was in substance we shall prove that it deserves a pro- as follows: found examination. In vain do the ene- Gentlemen Deputies of the second mies of all knowledge, proscribing the class of the Institute. If the French illustrious memory of a philosophic age, tongue is become an universal language, daily announce a shameful decline, which we owe it to the men of genius who have they would effect, if their clamours could sat, or now sit, 'amongst you. I attach reduce merit to silence; and which would great value to the success of your lnbe demonstrateu, if they had exclusively bours; they tend to enlighten my peuple, the privilege of writing. It will be easy and are necessary to the glory of my to confound these slanderòus assertions, crown. calculated to deceive credulous foreigners. I have heard with satisfaction the re. No, Sire, so strange a catastrophe has not port which you have made to me. happened: France, aggrandized by your You may rely upon my protection.

streer.

MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF THE FINE ARTS. The Use of all New Prints, und Communication of Articles of Intelligence, 8c. arc

requested under Cover to the Care of the Publisher. The Britisö Gallery of Engravings, with some powers, and by diving too far into

Account of each Picture, and a Life of the metaphysics, has not rendered himself Artist, by Edward Forster, A.M. F.R.S. so intelligible, or so pleasing, as he is and S. A. No. 5. Miller, Albemarlé- in more simple subjects. "The Beggar

Boys, or Children at their Sports," of VIE

ful work consists of the following rank, and a subject of this kind would plates :

have been the fittest for an example of Magdalen, painted by Domenichino-and en- the master, and a " Good Shepherd," or graved byn. Schiavonetti.--Landscape, painted “ '

Salvator Mundi," of one of the great by Gaspar Poussin-and engraved by S. Midoi- masters of the Roman school, would man. --The Good Shepherd, painted by Murll have been a preferable example, of 1o.- and engraved by J. Heath, A.R.A, this species of painting. Mr. Heath, Bears and Dogs, painted by Snyders--and lias, however, düne great justice to bis engraved by J. Fittler, A.R.A.

subject, and rendered it a beautiful The first picture, chosen by Mr. Forster, specimen of engraving, although (for the is of tien i celebrity, that praise is needless, alove reasons) not that interesting print and censure might be thought invidious. that most others in this collection are. The engraving by N. Schiavonetti, The next print is an union of talent is of the first order, and will confer upon that must produce a fine work. Fittler's him an additional wreathi of 'honor. The 'correct and faithful manner, las vied Jandscape, by Gaspar Poussin, posses. With the exquisite vatore and truth of ses a powerful barmony of rone, charac- Suyder's animais, every part is most ter of composition, and brilliancy of beautifully touched, and elaborately execution, which Mr. Middiman has finished, and proves Mr. Fittler to be Happily fransınitted to his engraving. eminently qualified for this walk of art, The next plate, *y Heath, from Murillo, Hotwithstanding the malignant effusions is not of that high class of art, that of a rival, who las declared him unfit for shsuld alone be admitted into a great this task. work like this ; Murillo, appears to The choice and manner of execution have attempted something beyond tris of this number, is more than a sufficient

apology

INTELLIGENCE.

apology for the length of time it has been lished his lectures, and for the learning in coming out, for such a number as and science he has shewn in their comthis, once. a-year, is worth a dozen position. The students, particularly monthly numbers of trash. As the the architectural ones, who for eight or fioness, on being reproached by a more nine years, (or more,) have been left prolific animal, for bringing forth but without a guide, must be gratified in une cub at a time, and that so seldom; receiving instructions from an Architect replied, " But that is a lion.

of such experience, practice, and ability, Mr. Forster's exertions, in forwarding as the present professor, which staip the arts, deserve every reward; and that with practical credit, his theoretical speof credit, and a correct judynient, this culations. The professor took occasion work must infallibly procure him. in one part of his lectures, when dilating

on the many absurdities of the present On Thursday, the 18th ult. The times; of Egyptian shop-fronts, miseraRoyal Academy of London celebrated ble and miniature copies of Egyptian the anniversary of her Majesty's birth- monstrosities, whose gigantic style is day, at the Crown and Anchor Tavern. appropriate to its age, its soil, its uses; Mr. Flaxman was in the chair, deputed to lash severely, but justly, the attempts hy Mr. West, the President, who was of many men called surveyors of the unwell. Several appropriate toasts were present day, being builders, paper bang. drank; among others, The Propri- ers, &c. arrogating to themselves the éturs of the British Inst jution :" and title of architects, and uniting both the the day was passed with that bare designer and executor of one work, which mony and conviviality, as might be has certainly done more to the corrupexpected from men whose occupations tion of true architectural taste, than any are the highest in the scale of human other of the many abuses this art has intellect, and whose works are the arts suffered.

The continuation of Mr. Soane's lece On Monday, the 8th ult. Mr. Soane, tures, which were not concluded when, Professor of Architecture in the Royal this article was sent to press, shall be Academy, commenced his course of lece given in our next. tures on Architecture, in the great exlie The first wunber of the new work bition room, at Somerset-house, to a called the " Fine Arts of ihe Britisha crowded and respectable auditory of the School," already announced, and detailed meinbers, students, and exhibitors of the in this work, containing specimens of Academy; and has continued them English, Listorical, and Portrait Paintwith unabated success on the succeeding ing, Sculpture and Architecture, will Monday; Mr. Svane's first lecture was appear the first of February, instant. introductory, he began with a powerful Mr. Elmes's Dictionary of the Fine appeal to the students on the importance Arts, and their professors, is now in the of the art, and the necessity of a close press, and may be expected in the course and attentive study of its principles. Ile of the ensuing spring. detailed the origin of building, in a

ERRATS. Owing to an error which it clear and comprehensive manner, eluci. would take up too much room to explain, the dating his remarks with a numerous dis- names of both painter and engraver, of the play of beautiful and elegant drawings.; two pictures of Henry VIII. receiving Bishop exhibiting general plans aud details of Sherburne ; and the interview between Saint some of the earliest architectural works Wilfred, the expelled Archbishop of York, of the ancient world, and the probable and Cedwall, King of the West Saxons, noinvention of the various modes of builda ticed in our last, were omitted. They should ing. adopted by different people.

have been engraved and fublished by T. Krg, Mr. Soane deserves the bighest praise ings of BERNARDI, in tbe Cathedral of that

East Street, Chichester, from the original pars. for the zealous and indefatigable industry

city. and liberality with which he has embels

of peace.

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NEW

NEW PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED.

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ness.

MR. JOHN LEIGH BRADBURY'S; (MEATI,) patentee avers that the quantity of yarn for a Melhod of Spinning Cotton, produced in each spindle, is nearly Flor, and Wool.

double to that on the old plan, with the THE figures annexed to this specifi. same power, and of any degree of fivethe spindle with its arms pointing upwards. The bottom of the spindie rests MR. FREDERICK BARTHOLEMEW FOLSCH, upon, and turns in a step fixed in a (oxrORV-STREET,) for Improvements on rail, and passes through a collar in the certain Machines, 'Instruments, and rail which supports the fly resting on the Pens, calculated to promote facility in washer. The upper part of the spindle

Writing. is smaller in diameter than the bobbin, In vol. xxvii. p. 493, of the Monthly so as to leave a shoulder for it to rest on. Magazine, we have given an account of A pulley is fixed on the spindle, and an- another patent, obtained by this gentleother on the socket of the fly. The fly, man, which, though connected with pens turned by the pulley, from the druin, and writing, has not the same object as (wists the thread as delivered from the that now before us. The present invenrollers of the machine, and by means of tion consists, first in having a valve acting the thread turns the bobbin. The with a spiral spring, or a screw to aflix on draught, or winding up of the thread on the tube of the pen, to supply it occathe bobbin, arises from the friction of the sionally with air to force ink into the inside of the bobbin, against the small socket of the pen. Secondly: in haring part in the spindle, and from the bottom a small pipe at the bottom of the tube, of the bobbin, against the shoulder of the to convey the ink into the socket of the spindle, or washer fixed on it. This pen, through which it is forced by the draught is regulated by the spindle, operation of the valve, at the top of the which is turned by another pulley from tube. Thirdly: in having a plate on another drum, in the same direction as front of the socket of the pen, to contain the fly, in a contrary direction, or remains å supply of ink for the nib, and to prestationary, as the quality of the thread vent the ink flowing too freely into the requires.

nib. The pen consists of three parts, The principle of this iinprovement, as joined together by screws, and may be distinct from the old mode, consists in made of any sort of metal. The top part inverting the fly, and giving it a separate of the pen is called the box: the next is inotion from the spindle. The improve the tube, and the third is the socket: inent arises chiefly from these circum- it is made in three divisions, for the purstances; first as the fly is the chief agent pose of cleaning the pen, in case it should In twisting the thread, it is the only part get foul, and to supply the tube with ink, kept in rapid motion; consequently there and to affix any of the different sockets is a great saving of power, since, in the to the tube at pleasure. The box has a old machine, the spindle and fly turned bottom soldered in, having a hole in it to together at the same speed. Secondly. admit air to pass into the tube through The bobbin, fly, and spindle, having the top of the box; it contains a spiral their distinct and separate motions, the spring: a small rod having a plate, or draught, or inclination of the thread to valve at the bottom of it, covered with wind up, can be regulated to the utmost leather, passes through the hole, at the exactness, and, when regulated, will re- bottom of the box, but it is not so thick main invariably the same at whatever as to fill the hole, and the rod screws into speed the machine shall turn : whereas, the knot, and confines the spring in the in the old mode, a variation of speed pro- box : the spring pressing upwards against duces a variation of draught, thereby the knob, keeps the valve close to the breaking the thread, and causing much bottom of the box, to prevent the ink waste. Thirdly. On account of the getting out of the top. 'The tube has a inverted position of the fly, the bobbin bottom soldered in above the joint, that can be taken off, and put on with expe- unites it with the socket: in the bottom dition; whilst in the old plan, it was nc- is a small pipe for the ink to pass through cessary to stop the spindle, and unscrew into the socket. The socket is hollow, the fly from the top, or to take out the and has a hole in front to admit the air, spindle. By these improvements, the and to adjust the quantity of ink it will

bear tiful

con

bear. The lower part, or cradle, is made 160 of red lead,-60 of sand, -60 of in the shape of a common pen, with a slit borax. up the nib: the cradle has a plate sol- The third is–70 parts of red lead, dered on the front of it: the lower end , -22of sand, 10 of calcined borax. of the plate is fitted nearly close to the When these are subjected to such a inner part, or hollow of the mib, but left heat, as tu be thereby completely fused, louse, and in a slanting direction towards he takes equal parts of each mixture, the point, and below the top of the slit and grinds them to an impalpable powup the nib, so that in writing, the nib der, for the purpose of being mixed with bending, it lets the ink pass freely, but a menstruum proper for coating the not too copiously, to the point.

glass. Mr. F. claims, as part of his invention, The menstruam consists of one part of the method of cutting and filing the double-refined loaf-sugar, dissolved in socket of the pen, hollow in shape like two parts of pure water; to which is adthe nib of a pen, and making a small ded, at the time of mixing the powder, groove at the point, instead of the slit. about one-third part of common writing

ink; the effect, we are told, produced by MR. JOHN DAVENPORT's, (BAERLEM,)

for this addition, is similar to that produced a Method of ornamenting all kinds of by the addition of oxyd of manganese, Glass, in Imitation of Engraving, gc. used in a small quantity by the glassby Means of which any Designs, how- makers, in making their best flipt-glass, ever elaborate, may be executed in a because without such an addition the Style of Elegance hit herto unknown. specimens would be of a cloudy or

The method heretofore known for milky appearance. A quantity of this engraving on glass, has been by means of menstruuin is used sufficient to render a machine with wheels, of different sub- the ground-mixture of a proper stances, which have been employed with sistence, for laying on with a thio smooth sand, &c. to grind off some parts of the surface. When the coating or mixture surface of the glass which is to be en. is thus prepared, the glass is to be coated graved on, and then by means of grind. by means of a camel's hair brush, or ing and polishing different parts on the squirrel's foot, &c., it is then to be exrough surface, the different figures are posed to a heat sufficient to produce a formed according to the designs given. semivitrification of the coated surface, By this invention, instead of grinding or and to incorporate it with the substance taking off any part of the surface of the or body of glass, so coated. But 'the glass, the paientee, lays on an additional heat must not be carried higher than this, surface or coating of glass, prepared for because in that case, a complete vitrithe purpose, which when subjected to a fication would ensue, and the desired proper degree of heat, will incorporate effect of having a surface in imitation of with the glass to be operated upon, so as the rough surface produced by griuding, to produce an effect similar to that which would not be obtained: the article must, has hitherto been obtained by means of under such circumstances, be recoated, grinding. When it is required to or- and submitted again to the fire. It after nament glass, then, previously to the the coating has been applied, any bor. heat being applied, with an etching orders, cyphers, or other ornaments, are engraving tool such parts are to he wanted to be executed thereon, then, taken out as win produce the required previously to the heat being applied, with effect, and that in a much superior way an etching or engraving tool, such parts to the effect produced by the usual mode of the coated surface must be chased out, of grinding, polishing, &c. The mate as will produce the desired effect, after rials used are to be melted in a crucible, which the requisite degree of heat is to or other pot, and they are to be inade up be applied. in the same manner, as if used for the This invention is not only applicable to making of the best flint glass, broken all kinds of useful and ornamental articles glass, or as it is usually denominated, of glass-ware, on which the common “ cullitt" being the principal ingredient methods of engraving have been pracin it. Mr. D. gives several mixtures, of tised, but may be applied to windowwhich the first is, --160 parts of cullitt, giuss and plate-glass, of every description, 10 of pearl ashes,-40 of red lead, in place of grinding, for the purpose of -10 of arrence.

making window-blinds. It is also said to The second is—120 parts of cullitt, be peculiarly adapted to produce beauMUNTULY Mac, No. 195.

I

tiful specimens of art, for the windows.of wearing much cleaner than the work of altar-pieces, libraries, museums, coach- ground-glass; the surface of which being windows, and for the glass used in ore fractured by the action of the wheel

, &c. namental buildings of all descriptions. is therefore liable to gather dirt on the This intention has another advantage rough unpolished parts of the borover the common inethod, by the work ders, &c.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS IN JANUARY.

As the List of New Publications, contained in the Monthly Magazine, is the ONLY COMPLETE LIST PUBLISHED, and consequently the only one that cun he useful to the Public for Purposes of general Reference, it is requestes that Authors and Publishers will continue to comm nicate Notices of their Work, (Post paid,) and they will always be faithfully inserted, FREE of EXPENSE,

ANTIQUITIES.

DRAMA HERCULANENSIA, or Archeological The Plays of William Shakspeare, printed

and Philological Dissertations, contain- from the text of Johnson, Stevens, and ing a Manuscript found among the Ruins of Reed; embellished with vignette Engravings, Herculaneum, 4t0. 11. 11s. 6d.

from paintings by Howard, Smirke, Stothard, AKTS, FINE.

Thomson, Westall, &c. 12 vols. 8vo. 61. 6s. The Works of William Hogarth, elucidated royal paper 101. 10s. by Descriptions, critical, moral, and histori

EDUCATION. cal. By Thomas Clerk, Part 1. (to be com Little Dramas for young People, on Subpleted in six monthly parts), royal 8vo. 125. jects taken from English History. By Mrs.

A Full Length Purtrait of the late Right Hoole. 12mo. 35. Rev. Beilby Porteus, D.D. bishop of London, The English Tutor or Juvenile Assistant. engraved bv Picart, from a drawing by By W. C. õulton. 6s. Edridge. 11. 1s. Proofs 11. 11s. 6d.

Il Vero Modo di Piacere in Compagnia ARTS AND SCIENCES.

-(The Art of Pleasing in Conspany) Di Elements

of Geometry, Geometrical Ana. Carlo Monteggia, with a French Translation. lysis, and Plane Trigonometry, with Notes 12mo. 6s. and Illustration. By John Leslie, Professor A Vocabulary, Persian, Arabic, and Ea. of the Mathematics in the University of glish, abridged from Richardson's Dictionary, Edinburgh. 8vo. 12s,

by David Hopkins, esq. royal 8vo. 1l. 168. The Edinburgh Encyclopædia, Vol. II. Vacation Evenings, or Conversations bePart IC.

tween a Governess and her Pupils. 10s. 60. 'ASTRONOMY.

The Lost Child A Christmas Tale. Ss. A System of Astronomy, on the simple L'Histoire des Romains, par demandes et plast of Geography; the principal Constella: par reponses. Par Mad. Regnault de la tions being exhibited by separate Maps, with Combe. 6s. their Boundaries, Chief Stars, &c. 'A Map The Penman's Repository, containing se: of the Heavens, a Disk of the Moon, with venty-correct Alphabets. By the late Wm. Descriptions, &c. By John Greig. 5s. Milns, folio. 11. 1s.

Modern French Conversations, containing The Narrative of the Rev. Joseph Samvel Elementary Phrases, and new Easy Dialogues C. Frey, minister of the gospel to the Jews: in French and English. By W. A. Bellenincluding all the Circumstances which led 10 ger. 25. his Separation from the Missionary Society and his union with the London Society for pru. The Solicitor's Assistant in the Court of moting Christianity among the Jews. 8vo. 75. Chancery. By Wm. Hands, gent. 8vo. Is. BOTANY.

Syphax's Letters on the Trial by Jury, A Calendar of Flora, composed during the illustrated in the Case of. Alexander Davison, guar 1809, at Warrington. By George Cros. esq. 2s. 61. ford, Secretary to the Botanical Society of MEDICINE, SURGERY, ANATOMY. Warrington.

A System of Operative Surgery, founded CHEMISTRY.

on the Basis of Anatomy. By Charles Bell, Rudiments of Chemical Philosophy. By 2 vols. royal 8vo. 11. 145. N. Meredith. 15.

A Genuine Guide to lealth. By T. F. Rudiments of Chemistry, illustrated by Churchill, M.D. 19 mo. 1s. Experiments. By Samuel Parkęs. 55. Observations and Experiments on the Di.

gestive

BIOGRAPHY.

LAW.

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