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embraces the whole province of natural composed alike, each containing 0.2149 history, which alone comprehends three of oxygen* distinguished sciences, under the naines In his description of paratonneres, or of Zoology, Botany, and Mineralogy. conductors, M. Haüy fails, as he might
“ But, in reality,” adds he,“ all the have given a far better account of this sciences dependent on or connected invention. with nature, compose only one and the “ Naturwunder des österreichischen, same science, which we have merely &c.” The Wonders of Nature in the Aus-subdivided in such a manner, that diffe- trian States: by Doctor Francis Sartori, rent persons may attach themselves to 4 vols. 8vo. Vienna. The same anthor different branches of it, and thus apply is about to give a continuation of the themselves specifically to those in which present work, by means of a supplement, they may happen to take most delight. containing observations on the country The experiments made in our modern and the people, throughout the Austrian cabinets and laboratories, tend only to monarchy. In the mean time, he premake the works of nature familiar to us, sents us with a statement of whatever is and are but so many imitators of her wonderful, and accordingly we here have, phenomena. The pneumatic machine 1. A description of the mountain instructs us concerning the properties of Octscher, in Lower Austria. the fluid which we breathe; while the 2. A description of the Lake of Traan, electrical machine serves to assist us in or der Gemund. determining the laws which govern the 3. An account of a Glaciers on Mount accumulated fluid often contained in a Brandstein, stormy cloud. The coloured image of 4. A description of the Carinthian the sun, presented by the light which Alps. passes through a prism, affords us an 5. An account of a singular animal idea of the decomposition of this fluid, in Carniola, called Proteus Anguineus. which, at some particular periods, dis- 6, On Mount Bienneberg, and the plays the magnificent spectacle of the wine of Oedenburg: rainbow. All these different instruments, 7. The Sulphur cavern in Mount Bonhowever diversified, are but so many deesch, in Transylvania. interpreters of the visible language in 8. The Wild Goats of the country of which nature unceasingly speaks to us." Salzburg. Vol. I. contains :
9. The Lake Barthelemi, in the coun1. A Dissertation on the general pro- try of Berchtesgaden; perties of Bodies;
10. The Valley of Buchberg, in the 2. On Attraction;
Lower Austria; 3. On Caloric;
11. The Hole of Hell, on the Ens, in 4. On Water;
Austria; 5. On Air;
12. The Mountain of Herisson, in And 6. On Electricity.
Styria; We perceive but little that is new: 13. The Saline of Sovar in Hungary; the abbé, however, does not confine bis 14. The Royal Mountain in Hungary, compilation to the works of his own 15. The Sources of the Lebelang in countrymen, but borrows freely from Transylvania; foreigners. He expects great future ad- 16. The tame bears in Poland; vantages from the discovery of the bal- 17. The River of St. John, in Styria; loon. On this occasion it is remarked, 18. The Cataract of Mina, in Lower that Gay Lussac, in the course of his last Austria; voyage, attained a greater degree of ele- 19. The Mines of Quicksilver at Idria, -vation than any of his predecessors, hav- in Cariola; ing actually ascended 6977 metres, or 20. The Ice-cavern in the country of 3579 toises above Paris, and 7016 me- Berchtesgaden; tres, or 3600 toises above the level of
21. The industry and sociability of At 6636 metres he opened a the mountain-rats of Styria and Caringlass globe, and having emptied it, he thia, of Salzburg, and in the Carpathian filled it with air, and shut it close up Mountains. again. On his return to the capital, an “ Almanach fur Scheidekünstler, &c." analysis took place, and on comparing ir with the air at the entrance to the Po- * Journal de Physique, Frimaire, Aa lyiechnical school, he found both to be XllI. p. 174, et suiv..
Almanack for Chymists and Apothe- make an allowance for the effects of the caries.
capillary tubes; This, among other matters, contains 8. Comparative temperature between an essay calculated to determine the the sea-shore and the top of a mountain; connexion between the acetic acid and 9. Estimate of horizontal distances; miniuin; another on the solubility of 10. Table for reducing the results to minium in the acetic acid; several re- the formula of Laplace, Ramond Tremmarks on the discoloration and whiten- bley, de Luc, Roy, and Shuckburgh; ing of yellow wax, as also on the prepa- 11. Conversion of English into French ration of distilled oils, &c. &c. To measures; the memoir is joined, An Account of 13. Comparison between the thermothe Discoveries in Chemistry and Phar- meter of Fahrenheit and that of Reaumacy, from 1807 to 1808, to which is mur; and, added, an analysis of the principal new 14. Comparison between the thermoworks,
meter of Wodegrus and that of Reaumur. “ Die Elemente der Luftschwimm- “ Les Amours Epiques;" Epic Loves, kunst, 8c.” Elements of Erostastics, by a poem, in six cantos, containing a A. G. Zachariæ, 280 pages 8vo. with a translation of episodes, composed by plate, Wirtemberg, 1807-8.
the best epic poets: by Perseval GrandThe author commences his undertak- maison, Paris, 1 vol. 12mo. with a ing by laying down certain hydrostatical plate. principles, as necessary preliminaries. The editor tells us, that the present He afterwards treats of the natation of work is composed “ of a
union of fishes, and the mechanism by which episodes, by the most famous poets, this object is attained. The fight of which have been connected by him in birds furnishes him with a new object of such a manner as to constitute a regular, comparison, whence he proceedls to the work.” art of elevating a man above the earth. The poem opens with a description It is his opinion, that the round form of of Elysium: the balloon will always oppose itself to “ Il est dans les enfers des champs delithe possibility of directing the machine, cieux, and that the eliptical shape is not inuch Ou l'ame des mortels favorisés des cieux better. To remedy this inconvenience, s'envole, & va goûter la paix inaltérable! he proposes to adopt the form of a fish; Que n'a point cette vie, helas! si peu duand this species of balloon being filled L'Elyse est le nom de ce charmant sejour, with gas, will, he thinks, be much more
Là s'offrent éclairés d'un tendre demimanageable.
jour, &c.” “ Tables Barometriques, pour faciliter While all are enjoying themselves in le calcul des nivellemens, et des mesures different manners, in these happy abodes, des hauteurs, par le Baromètre, &c.” six poets recite their productions by Barometrical tables to facilitate the Cal- turns; these are Homer, Tasso, Ariosto, culation of Levels, and also the measure- Milton, Virgil, and Camoens. The first ment of Heights, by the Barometer; by of these commences with the death of Bernard de Lindenau.
Patroclus, the victory of Hector, and This work, which consists of fifteen the rage of Achilles; the next makes his tables, is preceded by an explanatory appearance in Canto II. preface and introduction. The tables, « Il chantoit de Renaud les amoureux themselves present the following ob- transports. jects :
“ Bouillon, dit il, en vain vouloit prendre 1. Logarithms of heights, corrected so Solyme, as to find the true elevation of moun- Ayant perdu l'appui de ce heros sublime tains;
" Qui d'Armide amoureux, au bont de 2. Proportional parts, to prevent inter
“Dans une isle enchantée idolatroit ses fers." 3 and 4. Corrections, so as to estimate
Ariosto begins as follows:
“ Charles par sa valeur, the difference of temperature at two
De Leutece ayant su delivrer les mu separate stations;
railles 5. Corrections for the latitude; « Vouloit deja tenter le destin des
6. Corrections for the diminution of batailles, weight in respect to the vertical height; “ Et detruire Agramant, ce monarque in7. Correction of heights, so
domie, 4 Q2
" Qui naguere assiégoit sa superbe cité; next follows an account of the quarries u Rempli d'une fureur à le prendre animée, of marble ai Massa, where there is at " Charles dans son camp même assiégeoit this very time an academy of sculpture. son armée:
From Lerici, on the gulph of Spezzia, Lorsque deux Sarrazins nés de tristes the author repaired to Genoa ; and his
parents, Qui dans Ptolémais tenoient les derniers remarks on the characters of the Ge
noese, are extreinely interesting, A rangs, « Par leur tendre amitié, &c."
journey to Rome furnishes him with an Perhaps the English reader may be opportunity of detailing a variety of redesirous to know in what manner our remarks relative to the spirit which pregreat national epic poet is taught to vailed in the various religious orders, as speak in a foreign idiom? Here follows well as of the rivalship which subsisted a short specimen:
among them. The want of cultivation “ Alors Milton, prenant sa lyre entre in the Campagna di Roma, is attributed ses mains,
partly to the siege of that city in 1521, « Se prépare à chanter le premier des and partly to the residence of the Popes humains:
at Avignon. “La foule avidement et l'entoure & le Our traveller next visits Florence, presse;
which he considers as a city better cal« Il exhale en ce mots sa poétique ivresse. culated for social intercourse tha: Rome, “ Le mont d’Eden s'éleve en des champs while the latter is a superior abode for
fortunés, « Ses pieds sont de buissons partout en
such as are attacbed to the study of the
fine arts. The gallery of the pictures vironnés, * Et, partout l'entourant, d'inaccessibles appertaining to the marchioness of Ge roches
rini, is described with great minuteness, .“ De ses flancs escarpés defendent les ap
as is also that of Cambrucchini at Legproches:
horn. The appendix contains disserta" Sur ses flancs s'elevoient de longs & noirs tions on the social state in Italy, and on sapins,
the Jews of Leghorn. “ De cedres, des palmiers, de venerables “ Tableau de Naples, & des ses Ex.
pins, " Qui montant par degrés formoient de and its Eovirons, by P. J. Rehfues, 3
virons, &c.” A Description of Naples verds etages, " Levoient pompeusement ombrages, sur
vols. 8vo. 1808. This work has been ombrages, &c.
already alluded to in the preceding arti“Lettres écrites de l'Italie, pendant les cle. The author, after a variety of parannées 1801 et 1805.” Letters from Italy, ticulars relative to the situation, climate, written between the years 1801 and and bistory of Naples, estimates the po 1805. By P. F. Rehfues, Zurich, 1809. pulation of that city, in 1805, at 443,421 The author is already known in the inhabitants, without reckoniog foreignliterary world, by his work, “ Sur l'etat
ers. Those resident in the country are actuei de la Sicile,” published in 1807. calculated at 123,730, among whom are Several of the letters in the present vo
included 2000 secular eeclesiastics, more lume, have already appeared in the two
than 3000 monks, and upwards of 4500 German Journals edited by M. Rehfues, under the separate titles of “ De l'Italie, of the various public places; the means
After this the author gives an account & Melanges Italiens.” They now re-ap- of provisioning the city; the feast of St. par, with many emendations, and are at the same time considerably enlarged. These appear to him to be less comely
Januarius, and the Neapolitan women. We are here presented with accurate descriptions of the cities of Leghorn, than the men: they are represented as Florence, and Genoa. The first letter little, and brown-complexioned, but sery contains a general description of the lively and very spirited. The NeapoliItalian ladies; the second gives an ac
tans in general are described as supercount of the carnival at Leghorn; and stitious, high-polished, much addicted to in the third, te author has treated litigation, and often cruel and deceitful. " Sur l'art d'improviser," which be con
They pretend that their dialect is tar siders as a simple mechanical habit, that superior to the Tuscan, and possess a presupposes no talent wiatsoever for natural talent for the language of gestipoetry. The next letter is dedicated to culation. In their songs they celebrate a description of the ancient pictures of their horses, their limpid fountains, and Lampo Santo, and the Baths of Pisa; their mistresses. The article respecting
public shows is treated of at great able assertions at a latter period, having length.
attributed the preservation of Greek In the second volume, we have an books to the schism which divided the account of the bank, denominated the Greek and Latin churches. It is his opiMonte de Piete; observations on public nion, that the latter language would have instruction; the manner in which the absorbed the former, if the Roman church convents were governed, the ceremonies had triumphed; and be boldly maintains, of marriage, burials, the carnivals, the that if the protestant religion had exlazzaroni, &c. · The third commences tended itself throughout all Europe, the with a portrait of father Rocco, a domi- Latin language would have been entirely nican friar, who died a little before the forgotten, as then the vulgar tongue only revolution. His eloquence had an would have been used in divine worastonishing effect on the lazzarones, and ship. he sometimes obliged even the king While treating of a more recent pehimself to listen to the voice of truth. riod, Mr. Jardé details a variety of inteThe mention of the church of the An- resting facts. He observes, that at the nunciation, serves to introduce a few disastrous epoch of the revolution, when remarks relative to two celebrated the people of France were obliged to sell. queens, Joan I. and II. We have also their moveables in order to procure an arcount of the grotto of Pausilippo, bread, the English, Germans, and Rusthe tomb of Virgil, the Campo Santo, &c. sians obtained an iinmense number of
“ Nouveau Dictionnaire Portatif de valuable books and manuscripts. Even Bibliographique, &c.”. A new and por- at the present moment, according to him, table Biographical Dictionary, contain the capital does not contain twelve libraing more than 23,000 articles of rare, cu- ries worthy of being compared with the rious, and esteemed Books, with re ancient ones of the second order; while marks to distinguish the different Edi- all the booksellers of Paris would not be tions, so as to be able to know the ori- able to furnish three fit to be compared ginal from the spurious ones. Second with that of the Duke de Vallière. edition, revised and augmented, by Fr. He complains greatly of certain specuIgn. Fournier, 1 vol. 8vo. Paris. lators, the intervention of whom between
The first edition of this work, we are the real purchasers and the booksellers, told, experienced an unexampled degree occasions a great loss to the latter. of success, having been entirely sold off These persons calculating on the prewithin the space of three years. This is vailing mania, make extraordinarycharges partly owing to the increase of amateurs, for large margins, yellow or flesh-coor book-fanciers, and partly to the pro- loured paper, useless dates, and even digious number of booksellers with which faults in printing. On the other hand, a Paris at this moment abounds, for the number of amateurs do not purchase a bibliomuniu was never so prevalent there book because it is good, but because it is as now. Never did France, it is said, scarce; and both these classes have put possess so few Greek and Latin scholars, it entirely out of the power of many inen and yet, strange to be told! never were of letters to obtain the works of which the editions printed by the Elzivirs and they stand really in need. the Alduses sought after with such de- • We pray heartily,” says a French light. Cailleau in 1791, published a dic- critic, “ that it may one day be with tionary of the same kind as the present books as with other commodities, which in 3 vols. with the prices annexed, at are purchased for the sake of utility only. which period the sums given for similar There would then undoubtedly be fewer articles were far inferior to what is now booksellers, but they would be both readily obtained.
richer and more respectable; there This work is preceded by a disserta- would also be fewer libraries, but there tion written by M. Jardé, who appears to would be no useless ones, and thousands be an antiquary as well as a bookseller, of volumes heaped up without discernfor he alludes to patriarchal traditions, ment and without choice, by the rich and antediluvian memoirs which Noah and ignorant, would no longer be exs carried with him into the ark, and which posed to be devoured by worms." served Moses as materials for the com- “ Description Statistique des Frontieres position of his Genesis! facts curious and Militaires de l'Autriche, &c." A Statissingular indeed of themselves, and which tical Description of the military frontiers only want something in the shape of of Austria, by J. A. Demian, an officer in proof. He also hazards a few question, the Austrian army, 1807. This is a con
firmation of the general statistical account perception, and the sentiment of the of the Austrian monarchy, comprehended mind; the second, entitled “God," conin four volumes; and such changes have tains dissertations relative to the system since taken place, that this work may be of Spinoza, with a hymn to Nature; the already considered in some measure obso- third is occupied with reflections on love lete. The military frontier commences, and egotism; and there is also, a suppleor rather did lately commence, at the Adri- ment to the letter of Hemsterhuis on atic sea, and extended along the boun- Desire; the fourth is entitled “ The dary of Croatia, Sclavonia, the Bannat, Voice of Prometheus chained to Mount and Transylvania, to the county of Ma- Caucasus. To coinplete this, which is ramorosch, in Hungary. This line of 230 the best edition, M. de Müller intends miles was defended by a cordon of 4380 to add several more volumes. men, formed out of the inhabitants of the “ Dresden's Verstorbene und Lebende, country, who are at once soldiers and 8c.” Notices relative to the Authors and cultivators.
Artists of Dresden, both dead and live “ Pantheon der Russischen Literatur, &c. ing, classed methodically, with a triple Pantheon of Russian Literature, by Jean table of contents, 8vo. Dresden, 1808. de la Croix, 1 vol. 8vo. Riga, 1806– The authors lere mentioned are classed 1809. This is the first volume of a work in the following order : in which the author undertakes to refute 1. Tbeologians. the opinion commonly spread abroad, 2. Pedagogues. that Russia is entirely destitute of litera- 3. Philosophers. ture. To controvert this, he has col- 4. Juris-consults.. lected and inserted a variety of memoirs 5. Physicians. that have appeared in the various public 6. Naturalists. journals of that immense empire.
7. Economists. The first of these is entitled, “ Obser- 8. Financiers. vations on the Sciences, the Arts, and the 9. Historians. Progress of Knowledge, originally in- 10. Geographers. serted in the Journal of the Aglaia, 11. Men of Letters. published by Karamsin.
12. Mathematicians. 2. Letters extracted from Ismailoff's 13. Tacticians. Journeys through Southern Russia.
14. Philologists. 3. The Sierra Morena, a novel, ex- 15. Those attached to the Belles tracted from the Aglaia.
Lettres. 4. The Chimney, a tale, written by a 16. Grammarians. Russian lady.
17. Translators. 5. The Isle of Bornholm, a story, by 18. Journalists. Karamsin.
19. Composers. 6. Observations on Solitude, by the 20. Artists.
The last of these classes is subdivided 7. The Mode of living at Athens, by into painters, engravers, sculptors, arthe same.
chitects, mechanicians, and makers of 8. My Confession, by the same. instruments. The three tables contain
“ Von Herders Samtliche Worke Zur the names of the authors of all these Philosophie, 8c." The complete Works classes; those of the living authors, with of the late M. Herder, philosophical and the epochs of their birth, as well as those historical, 8 vols. large 8vo. Tubingen, of the artists. 1808. This editor has been at great “ Mes Ecarts, &c." My Wanderings, rains to complete the collection of M. or the Fool who sells Wisdom, a manude Herder's works.
script published by M. Coffin-Rony, Vol. 1, The Ancient World, with 5 formerly an Advocate of the Parliament plates, and 3 vignettes.
of Paris, &c. 3 vols. 12mo. Vol. 2, A Preface to the Philosophy Dormenil, who is the chief personage of History, so far as it respects the hu- in this romance, is the son of a re
spectable magistrate. His mother dies Vols. 3, 4, 5, and 6, contain ideas re- in consequence of his birth, and his lating to the history of mankind. father determines never to marry again,
Vol. 8, of God and the Soul. The first in order that he might consecrate portion of this last volume is devoted to all his affections, and dedicate all bis the consideration of what is termed the time, to rear and educate bis only son.