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STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN JANUARY.
Containing officiul Papers und authentic Documents.
standing, for several years past, I have lost Report of tbe Prince Arcb-Chancellor to the the hope of having children by my marriage Conservative Senare.
with my well-beloved consort, the Empress IN the year 1809, and on the 15th day of De. Josephine. This is is which induces me to
cember, at nine o'clock in the evening, sacrifice the sweetest affections of my heart, We, Jean Jaques Regis Combaceres, Prince to attend to nothing but the good of the Arch-chancellor of the empire, Duke of state, and to wish the dissolution of my mar. Parma, exercising the functions prescribed to riage. ús by title the end of the 14th article of the .it Arrived at the age of forty years, I may statute of the Imperial family, and in consee indulge the bope of living long enough to quence of orders addressed to us by his Ma- educate in my views and sentiments the jesty the Emperor and King, in his private children which it may please Providence to letter, dated that day, of the following tenor: give nie. God knows how much such a re
Paris, December 13, 1809. solution has cost my heart; but there is no « My Cousin-Our desire is, that you sacrifice beyond my courage, when it is repair this day, at nine o'clock in the even. proved to me to be necessary for the welfare Ing, to our grand cabinet of the palace of the of France. I should add, that far from having Thuilleries, attended by the Civil Sec:etary reason to complain, on the contrary, I have of State of our Imperial family, to receive had reason only to be satisfied with the at. from us and from the Empress, our dear con- tachment and the affection of my well-be. sort, a communication of great importance. loved consort : she has adorned firteen years For this purpose, we have ordered this pre- of my life, the remembrance of which will sent private letter should be sent to you, ever remain engraven on my heart': she was We pray God to have you, my cousin, in crowned by my hand. I wish she should his holy and blessed keeping.
oreserve the rank and citie of Empress, but On the back is written: To our Cousin above all, that she should never doubt my the Prince Arch-Chancellor, Duke of sentiments, and that she should ever regard Parma.'
me as her best and dearest friend." We accordingly proceeded to the hall of His Majesty the Emperor and King having the throne of the palace of the Thuilleries, ended, her Majesty the Empress and Queen attended by Michel Louis Etienne Regnault spoke as follows: (de St. Jean d'Angely), Count of the empire, “ By the permission of our dear and august Minister of State, and Secretary of State to the consort, I ought to declare, that not preserving Imperial family. A quarter of an hour af. any hope of having children, which may fulo terwards, we were introduced to the grand fill the wants of his policy and the interest of cabinet of the Emperor; where we found his France, I am pleased to give him the greatest Majesty the Emperor and King, with her proof of attachment and devotion, which has Majesty the Empress, attended by their Ma. ever been given on earth. I po sess all from jesties the Kings of Holland, Westphalia, his bounty: it was his hand which crowned and Naples, his Imperial Highness the Prince me; and, from the height of the throng, I Viceroy, the Queens of Holland, West- have received nothing but proofs of affection phalia, Naples, and Spain, Madame, and her and love from the French people. I think imperial Highness the Princess Paulina. I prove myself grateful, in consenting to the His M jesty the Emperor and King conde. dissolution of a marriage, which heretofore scended to address us in these terms:
was an obstacle to the welfare of France; “ My Cousin, Prince Arch-Chancellora which deprived it of the happiness of being I dispatched to you a private letter, dated
one day governed by the descendants of a this day, to direct you to repair to my cabi- great nian, evidently raised up by Providence, Det, for the purpose of communicating to you to efface the evils of a terrible revolution, the resolution which I and the Empress, my and to re-establish the altar, the throne, and dearest consort, have taken. It gives me social order. But the dissolution of my mar. pleasure that the kings, queens, and prin. riage willin nodegree change the sentiments of cesses, my brothers and sisters, my brothers my heart lhe Emperor will ever have in me and sisters.in laiv, my daughrer-in-law, and his best friend. I know how much this act, my sog-ia law become my adopted son, us demanded by policy and by interests so great, well as my mother, should wicness what I has chilled his heart; but both of us exult in am going to communicate to you.
the sacrifice which we wake for the good of “ The policy of my monarchy, the interest the country." and the wants of my people, which have con- After which, their Imperial Majesties stantly guided all my actions, require, that having demanded an act of their respective after me, I should leave to children, inheritors declarations, as well as of the mutual consent of my love for my peuple, that throne on contained in them, and which their Majesties which providence has placed me ; notwith: jave to the dissolution of their marriage, as
also of the power which their Majesties con. the greatest possible advantage from the pro ferred on us, to follow up, as need shall re- ducts of agriculture and industry. Our trade quire, the effect of their will-We, Prince , undoubtedly suffers from the present extraorArch. Chancellor of the empire, in obedience dinary state of affairs, which form, as it were, to the orders and requisitions of their Ma- two masters one of the European continent jesties, have given the aforesaid acts, and the other of the seas, and of countries from have in consequence executed the present which these leave no communication with proces verbal, to serve and avail according to France. Our relations with the United States law; to which proces verbal their Majesties of America are also for the present suspended; have affixed tbeir s. natures, and which, after but as they are founded on muiual wants, they having been signed by the kinys, queens, will speedily resume their former course.". princes, and princesses, present, has been Under the head of religious worship, after signed by us, and countirsigned by the Se, having declared, that " in France all religi. cretary of State of the Imperiai family, who ons are not only tolerated, but honoured and wrote it with his own hand.
encouraged," he makes the following obser. Done at the palace of the Thuilleries, vations: “No well-informed person is igno. the day, hour, and the year aforesaid. rant of the mischief which the temporal sove
(Signed, &c.) reignity of the Popes has done to region. Having seen the projet of the Senatus But for this mischief, one moiety of Europe Consultum, drawn up in the form prescribed would not be severed from the Catholic by the 57th article of the Act of the Con. church. There was but one way to free it stitution, of the 4th of August, 1809--After for ever from such great dangers, and to rehaving heard th: motives of the said proję, concile the interests o: the state with those the orators of the Council of state, and the of religion: it was necessary the succesor of report of the special committee appointed on St. Peter should again become, un isturised the sitting of this day-the adoption having by worldly concerns, nierely a pastor, like St. been discussed by the number of members Peter." prescribed by the 56th article of the Act of Under the article of war, a description is the Constitution, of the 4th of August, 1802, given of the advantages obtained in Germany, the Senate decrees that:
Austria, Hungary, and Spain; which is termi1. The marriage contracted between the nated by the tollowing remarks : Eniperor Napoleon and the Empress Jose. “ By the peace of Vienna, France and phinç, is dissolved;
her alhes, have obtained considerable advan11. The Empress Josephine shall preserve tages; ane the Continent of Europe has res the title and rank of Empress Queen crowned; gained tranquillity and peace. Let us hope
III. Her dowry is fixed at an annual in- that this peace will be more permanent than come of two millions oi francs, on the re- that of Presburg; and that the men who devenue of the state ;
luded the cabinet of Vienna, after the peace IV. All the assignments which may be of Presburg, will not succeed in deceiving it made by the Emperor, in favour of the tm- again, after that of Vienna. They would prese Josephine, on the funds of the civil pronounce the doom of their master ; for list, shall be obligatory on bis successors ; France, ever great, powerful, and strong,
V. The present Senatus Consultum shall will always know how to destroy and counbe transmitted by a message to his Imperial teract the combinations and intrigues of her and Royal Majesty
enensies. In the mean time, England, s-eing At the sitting of the Legislative Body, that our armies were employed in Germany, December 12, Count Montalvet delivered in and being always. ill-informed, notwithstanthe Emperor's name, an expose of the situa- ding the immense treasures she wastes in pay. tion of France, up to the 1st of that month. ing spies, fancied that our veteran troops had After having introduced his important narra. Jelt Spain, and the weakened French army live, by observing the signal victories, gene would not be able to withstand their efforts. Tous pacification, the results of the most pro. Forty thousand men were disembarked in found political combinations, and the main. Portugal, where they joined the insurgents, tenance of order in the interior, form the and flattered themselves they should be able -prominent features of the history of the to march to Madrid. They gathered nothing year which has just elapsed - lic enumerat- but disgrace from their enterprise. They ted, under the different heads of public la- were met by armies in all places, where they bours, in particular in Paris, charitable estan fancied to find only divisions. Forty thousand blishments, public institutions, sciences, let. men landed at the same time in Walcheren, fers and arts, agriculture, manufactures and and without having commenced the siege, by industry, mines, commerce and trade, finan. means of a short bumbardment, they rences, religious worship, war and politics—the dered themselves in a fortnight masters of progress made, advantages obtained, and changes Flushing, which was cowardly defended. effected, in the course of the said year. His Majesty ordered a report to be made to Under the head of commerce and trade, he him on the subject. The Emperor gene. expressed himself in the following manner : rously rewards those, who, animated wich " Commerce in general applies itself to draw his sencimeats, and sensible of what they
awe to the honour of France, are faithful to
which she might enjoy. It is time that all glory and their country; but he severely this should be set right.-The illyrian propunishes those who calculate the danger vinces cover Italy, give her a direct commuo when victory alone should occupy their mind, nication with Dalmatia, and procure us a and preter a disgraceful Aight to a glorious point of immediate contact with the empire death. In the mean time, all the departe. Of Constantinople, which it must be the wish ments were in arms: 150,000 men of the and intention of France, for many reasons, national guard put themselves in motion, to support and protect. Spain and tortugal while at the same cime 25,000 troops drawn are the seat of a ferocious revolution. The from the depois assembled in Flanders, and numerous agents of England keep up the conthe gens d'armes, tormed a corps of 8000 flagration which they have raised. The choice cavalry. The Englisa commander in force, the power, the éilm moderation of the chief, as a wise and prudent man, would not Emperor, will resture to them peaceful days.' expose his army. lo dangeis more destruetive - Should Spain iree her colonies it would be than the plagoe: he returned to England. chrough her own fault. The Emperor wilt All the departments gave strik.ng proors of never oppose the independence of the conti. their attachment to the Guvernment and mental nations of America. That indepenEmperør; some districts only in the departe denee is in the natural order of events: it is mentoi the Sarche showed a contrary disposi- just; it agrees with the true interest of all tion. Commissioners have been appointed European powers. Should the people of Coxinquire into the r conduct. He commands Mexico and Peru wish to raise themseives to that private individuals, who have miscon, the elevation of a noble independence, France ducted themselves, shall be deprived, during will never oppose them, provided they enter the space of twenty-five years, of the rights into no connexion with England. France is of citizens, and subjected tu a double con- not under the necessity of vexing her neighatributiune Over their doors shall be written bours, or imposing upon chem tyrannic laws, the words; *This is not a French citizen.'"
to secure her prosperity and trade.- We have Under the head of general policy, the lost the colony of Martinique, and that of changes are enumerated which were the re- Cayenne. They were both badly defended. sult of the peace of Vienna; and the Empe-, The circumstances which led to their loss tor's views are developed with regard to form the object of a strict enyuiry; although future important arrangements." It would it is not of any weight in the general balance bave beco an easy task for the Emperor to? or affairs, since they will be restored to as, in unite all Gallicia with the duchy of Warsaw;a more flourishing condition, at the general wat he would not do any thing which should peace..” excite the least uneasiness in the mind of his
AMERICA. ally, the Emperor of Russia. His Majesty
The disputes between Great Britain never entertained the idea of restoring the kingdom of Poland. What he lias done for been exasperated by soine 'late corre
and the United States of America, have New Gallicia was prescribed to him by sound policy and honour: he could not surrender spondence between the American Secreto the vengeance of an implacable prince,
tary of State and Jackson, the new Brio people who had displayed such fervent zeal tish minister. The consequence has been for the cause of France." He then proceeds: that Mr. Jackson has been forced to “ The Hanse towns shall preserve their inot take a hasty departure from the United dependence; they sball serve as a mediun States; and great apprehensions have of the reprisal of war with regard to England. been entertained of a rupture taking Peace shall immediately be concluded with place between the two countries. Sweden. Nothing shall be changed in the
CIRCULAR FROM MR. JACKSON. political relations of the Coutederation of the
“Washington, Nov. 13, 1809. Rhine and the Helvetic Confederacy.-Hol- " SIR.I have to inform you, with much laad is, in fact, only a part of France. A de
regret, that the facts which it has been my finition of that country may be given, by duty io state in my official correspoudence sayiag that it is a continuation of the Rhine, with Mr. Smith, have been deemed by the the Meuse, and the Scheldt-that is to say, Presideșit of the United States, to afford a of the great arteries of the French empire. sufficient motive for breaking off an important The absolute inactivity of her custom-house, negotiation, and for putting an end to all the disposition of her agents, and the senti- communicacion whatever with me, as the ments of its inhabitants, which tend incesen minister charged with that negotiation, so uantly to a fraudulent trade with England, interesting to both nations, and on one most has rendered it necessary to exclude chem material point of which an answer has nog from all commercial intercourse with the been returned to an official and written overRhine; and thus, placed in a rate of morbid cure. compression between France and England, " One of the facts alluded to has been adHolland is deprived both of the advantages : whica clash with our general aystem, ani This overture is on the attair up the which she must relinquish, ang of chose Chesapeake.
mitted by the Secretary of State himself, in tant objects of reinforcing her armies on the bis letter of the 19th of October, viz. that Danube, and of controuling the spirit of re. the three condicions forming the substaace of sistance in the north of Germany. These Mr. Erskine's original instructions were sube considerations determined his Majesty to em. mitted to him by the gentleman. The ploy his forces in an expedition to the ocher, viz. that the instruction is the only. Scheldt. one in which the conditions were prescribed " Although the principal ends of this ex. to Mr. Erskine, for the conclusion of an urs pedition have not been attained, his Majesty rangement on the matter to which il related, confidently hopes that advantages, materially is knov. 21 tu me by the instructions which I affecting the security of his Majesty's domihave myself received.
nions in the further prosecution of the war, ." In stating these facts, and in adhering to will be found to result from the demolition of them, which my duty imperiously enjoined the docks and arsenals at Flushing. This me to do, in order to sepel the frequent important object his Majesty was enabled to charges of ill faith which have been made accomplish, in consequence of the reduction a ais.st his Maj'sty's government, I could not of the Island of Walcheren, by the valour of imagine that offence would be taken at it by his ficets and armies. the American gavernment, as most certainly “ His Majesty has given directions that nune could be intended on my part; and this such documents and papers should be laid beview of the subject has been made kuowa to fore you, as he trasts will afford satisfactory Mr. Smith.
information upon the subject of this expe. “Put as I am infermed by him, that no dition. farther communication will be received from “ We have it in command to state to you me, I conceive that I have no ailernative that his Majesty had uniformly notified to Jelt, which is consistent with the King's Sweden his Majesty's decided wish, that in dignity, but to withdraw altogether from this determining upon the question of peace or city, and to await elsewhere the arrival of his war with France, and other Continental Majesty's commands, upon the unlooked for Powers, she should be guided by consideraturn which has been given to his affairs in tions recolting from her own situation and in. this country.
terests; while his Majesty therefore laments “ I mean, in the interval, to make New that Sweden should have found it necessary York the place of my residence, where you to purchase peace by considerable sacrifices, will henceforward please direct your commu. his Majesty cannot complain that she has nications co me, as I shall be accompanied by concluded it withouc his Majesty's participaevery member of his Majesty's mission. tion. It is his Majesty's earnest wish that no
« 1 am, with great truth and respect, Sir, event may occur ro occasion the interruption your most obedient humble servant,
of those relations of amity which it is the de".F. JACKSON.” sire of his Majesty, and the interests of both GREAT BRITAIN,
countries, to preserve. The Imperial Parlament of Great " We have it further in command to comBritain cominenced its Session on the municate to you, that the efforts of his 23d of January, with the following Majesty for the protection of Portugal have Speech from the Throne, read by the been powerfully aided by the confidence Lund Chancellor, owing to his Majesty's Majesty, and by the co-operation of the local
which the Prince Regent has reposed in his continued blinaness.
Guvernment, and of the people, of that “ My Lords and Gentlemen, - " His M. jessy commands us to express to Portugal, by his Majesty's forces under Lieut.
country. The expulsion of the French from you lus deep regret that the exertions of the General Lord Viscount Wellington, and the Emperor of Austria against the ambition and glorious victory obtained by him at Talavera , violence of France have proved unavailing, contributed to check the progress of the and that his Imperial Majesty has been com French arms in the Peninsula during the late peiled to abandon the contest, and to conclude
campaign. disadvanta, cous peace. Although the war was undertaken by that monarch without en- Spanish Government, in che name and by
" His Majesty directs us to 'state that the couragement on the part of his Majesty, every the authority of King Ferdinand the Seventh, effort was made for the assistance of Austria has determined to assemble the general and which his Majesty deemed consistent with extraordinary cartes of the nation. His the due support of his all:es, and with the Majesty crusts that chit measure will give welfare and interest of his own dominions. tv An attack upon the naval armaments and and the arms of Spain, and successfully direct
fresh animation and vigour to the councils establishmenis in the Scheldt afforded at once
the energies and spirit of the Spanish people the pruspect of destroying a growing force, to the maintenances of their legitimate mawhich wils daily becoming more formidable narchy, and to the ultimate deliverance of to the securit, of this country, and of divert.
their councry. bug the exertions of France from the impor
"1 The must important considerations of
policy and of good faith require, that as long most effectual support, under the continued as this great tause can be maintained with a blessing of Divine Providence, from the wis: prospect of success, it should be supported, dom of his Parliament, the valour of his according to the nature and circumstances of forces, and the spirit and determination of his the contest, by the stenou's and continued people." assistance of the power and resources of his In the Lords an amendment of the Ada Dlajesty's dominions; and his Majesty relies dress was moved by Lord Grenville, and on the aid of his Farliament in his anxious on a divison there appeared, for it 92, endeavours le frustrate the attempts of France against it 144. against the independence of Spain a: d Portu- In the House of Conmous'an amendga., and against the happiness and freedom ment was moved by Lord Gower, and of those loyal and resolute nations. “ His Maj sty commands us to acquaint dress 263.
there divided for it 167, and for the Ado yoe, that the intercourse in tween bis Ma. jesty's Minister to America and the Govern.
In the present alarming state of the ment of the United S:ates pas been sud seniy country, the City of London has done are ex.dly inte rupted. His Majesty great honour tó itse'f by its spirited Sincerely regrets this event: he has, however, proceedings. The following is a copy see cived the strongest assurances from the of the late Resolutions and Petition of American Minister resident at this Court, tlie Livery in Common Hall. that ine tited States are desirous of main
SMITH, MAYOR. taia'ng friendly relations between the two In a Meeting or Assembly of the Mayot, Countries. This desire will be met by a cor- Aldermen, and Liverymen, of the several Tesponding disposition on the part of his Companies of the City of London, ila Maj'st.
Common Hall assembled, at the Guildhall "Gdlemn of tbe House of Commons, of the said City, on Tuesday, the 9th “ His Maje si has directed us to inform of January, 1810. you, that be res srdered the estimates for tlie e solved unanimously, turrent year to be laid before you: his' Ma- 1. That it is the undoubted right of the jesty has dire: ted them to be formed wi all Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Livery, of the the attention to economy which the support City of London, to present their Petitions to of his allies and the security of bis dominions the King sitting upon his Throne; that out will permit. And his Majesty relies upon of personal feelings towards their Sovereign your zeal and loyalty to affod hiin such sup- they did at the last Common Hall wave plies as may be necessary for those essential the exercise of this right. objects.
2. Resdived unanimously, That it appears, “ He commands us to express how deeply tha! the Secretary of State informed the be regrets the pressure upon his suitjects, Sheriffs, that the Petition of the livery which the protracted continuance of the war could be received only through his Ofice, renders inevitable.
that they have been denied not only the “ My Lords and Gentlemen,
usual access to his Majesty, by a personal au“We are commanded by his Majesty to dience, but the undoubted right of presenting express his hope that you will resume the the same when they had actual aciess to his considerétion of the state of the inferior Majesty at the Levee, where they attended ttergy, and adopt such further measures upon to present, and did present, à Petition from this interesting subject, as may appear to you , the Court of Common Council. to be propet.
S. Resolved unanimously, That such doo “ We have it further in command to state nial is not only subversive of the Rights of to yout, that the accounts which will be laid the Livery, but a Magrant violation of the before you of the trade and revenue of the Right of Petitioning, claimed, demanded, country, will be found highly satisfactory. and insisted upon, and confirmed to them by
" Whatever temporary and partial incon. the Bill of Righits. venience may have resulted froin the measures 4. Resolved unanimously, Thut all com. which were direcred by France against those plaints of the misconduct and incapacity of great sources of our prosperity and strength, his Majesty's Servants are most likely to be those measures have wholly failed of produo nugatory, if such complaints must pasa cing any permanens or general effect. through the hands of thox very servants,
* The inveterate hostility of our enemy and the People can have nở security that continues to be directed against this country, their complaints are heard. with unatated animosity and violence. To 6. Resolved, That whoever advised his guard the security of his Majesty's dominions, Majesty not to receive the Petition of the and to defeat the designs which are medicated Livery in the accustomed and established against- us and our allies, will require the ut- mode, have committed a scandolous brcach most efforts of vigilance, fortitude, and 'pero of their duty, violated one of the first prinseverance.
ciples of the Conssitution, and abusej ilie " In every difficulty and danger his Majes- confidence of their Sovereign. ty canfidenily trusts that he shall derive the * Resolved unanimously. That ibis Com. MONTELY MAG. No. 195.