A Fragile Relationship: The United States and China since 1972

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Brookings Institution Press, 26 հլս, 2000 թ. - 480 էջ

President Nixon's historic trip to China in February 1972 marked the beginning of a new era in Sino-American relations. For the first time since 1949, the two countries established high-level official contacts and transformed their relationship from confrontation to collaboration. Over the subsequent twenty years, however, U.S.-China relations have experienced repeated cycles of progress, stalemate, and crisis, with the events in Tiananmen Square in June 1989 the most recent and disruptive example. Paradoxically, although relations between the two countries are vastly more extensive today than they were twenty years ago, they remain highly fragile.

In this eagerly awaited book, China expert Harry Harding offers the first comprehensive look at Sino-American relations from 1972 to the present. He traces the evolution of U.S.-China relations, and assesses American policy toward Peking in the post- Tiananmen era.

Harding analyzes the changing contexts for the Sino-American relationship, particularly the rapidly evolving international environment, changes in American economic and political life, and the dramatic domestic developments in both China and Taiwan. He discusses the principal substantive issues in U.S.-China relations, including the way in which the two countries have addressed their differences over Taiwan and human rights, and how they have approached the blend of common and competitive interests in their economic and strategic relationships. He also addresses the shifting political base for Sino-American relations within each country, including the development of each society's perceptions of the other, and the emergence and dissolution of rival political coalitions supporting and opposing the relationship.

Harding concludes that a return to the Sino-American strategic alignment of the 1970s, or even to the economic partnership of the 1980s, is less likely in the 1990s than continued tension or even confrontation over such issues as trade, human rights, and the proliferation of advanced weapons. But he also explains the importance of maintaining normal working relations with China in order to promote security in East Asia, protect the global environment, and encourage an open, more realistic and stable relationship with China.

Selected by Choice as an Outstanding Book of 1992

Award winner for excellence in publishing from the Association of American Publishers

 

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A fragile relationship: the United States and China since 1972

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Since President Nixon's historic trip in 1972, Sino-American relations have been based on differing goals, the latter seeking liberalization and moderation of Chinese policies, the former assistance ... Read full review

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Overview
1
Twenty Years Evolution
5
Changing Contexts
9
Substantive Issues
13
The Shifting Political Base
16
Prospects and Recommendations
20
Breakthrough
23
Hostility
25
Crisis
215
Crisis in Tiananmen
216
The Bush Administrations Response
224
The Congressional Response
230
The Chinese Response
235
Mutual Disillusionment
239
Deadlock
247
Washingtons YearEnd Initiative
250

Rapprochement
33
Complications
47
Unofficial Relations
54
Ambivalence
60
Normalization
67
Continued Stalemate
68
Progress toward Normalization
75
Congress Revisits Taiwan
82
An Expanding Strategic Relationship
87
The Growth of Economic and Cultural Ties
94
The SinoAmerican Honeymoon
100
Estrangement
107
Reagan and Taiwan
108
Chinas Independent Foreign Policy
119
Growing Pains
125
Disenchantment
131
Reconciliation
138
Back on Track
141
Economic and Cultural Ties
145
Taiwan
154
Strategic Relations
162
American Euphoria
169
Storm Clouds
173
The Decline of the AntiSoviet Rationale
174
Growing Divergence on Strategic Issues
180
Economic and Cultural Problems
189
Human Rights
198
Forebodings
206
The First Debate over Chinas MostFavoredNation Status
260
The Persian Gulf Crisis
269
The Second Debate over Chinas MostFavoredNation Status
275
The Second Bush Strategy
280
The Broader Relationship
283
The Moon
290
Prospects
297
A Renewed Strategic Alignment
302
Diverse Relations with a Fragmented China
305
A Renewed Partnership in Chinas Reform
307
A Second Period of Confrontation
313
A Strained Relationship
319
Conclusion
322
Redesigning American China Policy
325
Security
331
Commerce
335
Human Rights
340
Taiwan and Hong Kong
345
Academic and Cultural Exchanges
350
The Global Agenda
353
A New Relationship with China
358
Tables and Figure
363
The Shanghai Communique
373
Documents on the Normalization of USChina Relations
379
Documents on US Arms Sales to Taiwan
383
Notes
391
Index
445
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Harry Harding is a senior fellow in Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution.

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