The Unraveling of Representative Democracy in Venezuela

Գրքի շապիկի երեսը
Jennifer L. McCoy, David J. Myers
JHU Press, 2006 - 352 էջ
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For four decades, Venezuela prided itself for having one of the most stable representative democracies in Latin America. Then, in 1992, Hugo Chávez Frías attempted an unsuccessful military coup. Six years later, he was elected president. Once in power, Chávez redrafted the 1961 constitution, dissolved the Congress, dismissed judges, and marginalized rival political parties. In a bid to create direct democracy, other Latin American democracies watched with mixed reactions: if representative democracy could break down so quickly in Venezuela, it could easily happen in countries with less-established traditions. On the other hand, would Chávez create a new form of democracy to redress the plight of the marginalized poor?

In this volume of essays, leading scholars from Venezuela and the United States ask why representative democracy in Venezuela unraveled so swiftly and whether it can be restored. Its thirteen chapters examine the crisis in three periods: the unraveling of Punto Fijo democracy; Chávez's Bolivarian Revolution; and the course of "participatory democracy" under Chávez. The contributors analyze such factors as the vulnerability of Venezuelan democracy before Chávez; the role of political parties, organized labor, the urban poor, the military, and businessmen; and the impact of public and economic policy. This timely volume offers important lessons for comparative regime change within hybrid democracies.

Contributors: Damarys Canache, Florida State University; Rafael de la Cruz, Inter-American Development Bank; José Antonio Gil, Yepes Datanalisis; Richard S. Hillman, St. John Fisher College; Janet Kelly, Graduate Institute of Business, Caracas; José E. Molina, University of Zulia; Mosés Naím, Foreign Policy; Nelson Ortiz, Caracas Stock Exchange; Pedro A. Palma, Graduate Institute of Business, Caracas; Carlos A. Romero and Luis Salamanca, Central University of Venezuela; Harold Trinkunas, Naval Postgraduate School.

 

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Բովանդակություն

Introduction Jennifer L McCoy and David J Myers l
1
The Normalization of Punto Fijo Democracy David J Myers
11
Urban Poor and Political Order Damarys Canache
33
From Marginalization to Center Stage
50
Profits without Power? Nelson Ortiz
71
Late Bloomers Luis Salamanca
93
An Elite Divided Richard S Hillman
115
From a Special Relationship
130
Key to Understanding a Changing Nation
181
The Syndrome of Economic Decline and the Quest for Change
202
Public Opinion Political Socialization and Regime Stabilization
231
From Representative to Participatory Democracy? Regime
263
Epilogue Jennifer L McCoy and David J Myers
297
Notes
307
Glossary
319
List of Contributors
337

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Հեղինակի մասին (2006)

Jennifer L. McCoy is a professor of political science at Georgia State University and director of the Americas Program at the Carter Center. David J. Myers is a professor of political science at Pennsylvania State University.

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