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16 I loathe it; I would not live alway: let me alone; for my days are vanity. 17 What is man, that thou shouldest

t 6:26. 10:1. 13:13. 16:6. 21:3. Ps 33:3. 40:9.

u Gen. 42:21.

2 Kings 4:27,28.

Matt. 26:37,38. Luke 22:44. 2 Cor. 2:4.

x 21:25. 1 Sam. 1:10. Is. 38:15, 17.

y 17. 38:6-11. Lam. 3:7. z 41:1,&c.

a 3,4. 9:27,28. Ps. 6:6, 77:4.

b Gen. 40:5-7. 41:8. Judg. 7: 13,14. Dan. 2:1. Matt. 27:19.

c 2 Sam. 17:23. Matt. 27:5. Heb. bones.

d 3:20-22. 6:9. 10.1. Gen. 27: 46. 1 Kings 19.4. Jon. 4:3,8.

e 10:20. 14.6. Ps. 39:10,13.

f Ps. 78:33. 144:4. Ec. 6:11,12. g Ps. 84. 144:3. Heb. 2:6.

V. 7-11. In the middle of this discourse with his friends, Job seems to have lifted up his thonghts to God, and mingled some actings of faith and hope with his fretfulness and despondency. He desired the Lord to remember how fleeting his life was at best; and either to abate his anguish, or release him from it, as he had no hope of seeing any more comfort here. A single look from God would end his days: and as the clouds vanish, and others are formed in their places; so men die and never return to occupy their former stations, but others succeed them from age to age.-This does not by any means imply a denial of a future state, or the resurrection of the dead; but it merely describes the condition of mankind respecting this present life. (Note, Ec. 1:4-11.)-As therefore Job could get no relief from his sufferings, he resolved to relieve his mind by venting his complaints. If he had poured out his soul before God, that indeed would have abated the anguish of his spirit; but his expostulations only increased his vexation, and seemed to reflect on the divine justice and goodness. (Notes, 1 Sam. 1:9-16. Ps. 39:1-4. 77:1-3. 142:1-3. Matt. 26:36-46.) V. 12. Again addressing God, as the Author of his sufferings, Job inquired whether he were like a tempestuous ocean, or some whale, or unruly monster, that it was needful he should be restrained from doing mischief by such heavy afflictions; which confined him like chains, a prison, and a guard, so that he could not move.

V. 13, 14. It may be supposed that Satan was the author of these terrifying dreams and visions. Job, indeed, supposed that they were sent from God to enhance his distress; but God only permitted them for the trial of his faith. (Notes, Gen. 40:6. 41:1-8. Dan. 2:1. 4:4-7. Matt. 27:19-23.) V. 15, 16. Job was so weary of life, that he would have preferred any violent death to its continuance, while wasted to a skeleton, and filled with pain. Nay, he so loathed life, that he besought God to withdraw his supporting hand, and then he should expire of course. This at least seems to have been his meaning. He would not, however, destroy his own life. (Note, 6:8-13.) V 17-19. Why should the almighty God magnify such a poor worm as man, in thus contending

18 And that thou shouldest visit him every morning, and try him every mo

19 m How long wilt thou not depart from me, nor let me alone, till I swallow down my spittle?

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20 I have sinned: what shall I do unto thee, O thou Preserver of men? why hast thou set me as a mark against thee, so that I am a burden to myself? 21 And why dost thou not pardon my transgression, and take away mine iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; and thou shalt seek me "in the morning, but I shall not be. h 12. 1 Sam. 24:14.

i 34:14,15.


p 12. 6:4. 16:12-14. Ps. 21.12. Lam. 3:12.

k Ex. 20:5. 32:34. Is. 26:14. 38: q 11. 3:24. 12,13.

Deut. 8:16. Jer. J Gen. 22.1. 9:7. Dan. 12:10. Zech. 13:9. 1 Pet. 1:7. m 9:18.

Ps. 6:3. 13:1-3. 94:3. Rev. 6:10.

n 9:29-31. 13:26. 14:16,17. 22: 5. 31.33. 33:9,27.

o Neh. 9:6. Ps. 36:6.

r 10:14. 13:23,24. Is. 64:9. Lam 3:42-44. 5.20-22.

2 Sam. 24:10. Hos.
John 1:29. Tit. 2:14.

t 3:13. 17:14. 21:32,32.
7. Is. 26:19. Dan. 12:2
a 18.

x Ps. 37:36.

14-2. 1 John

Ee. 12

with him, and setting his heart upon subduing him; watching his opportunities of afflicting him, or making continual trial how much he could support, without allowing him a moment's respite? (Notes, 34:10-15. Ps. 8:4-9. 144:3,4.)--It is difficult to expound the language of one, who spoke the dictates of passion, rather than of reason, and whose soul was engaged in a continued conflict between temptation and divine grace; which alternately prevailed, and reciprocally defeated the effects of each other. (Note, Gal. 5:16-18.)

V. 20, 21. Job would not allow that he was a wicked man, or a hypocrite: yet he confessed before God, that he was a sinner; he acknowledged that he could do nothing to recover his favor; and he inquired for what cause the Lord marked him out from among his fellow-sinners, as the object of his particular displeasure, by such unprecedented calamities as rendered him "a burden to himself." (Note, 16:6—16. Lam. 3:10—13.)-He called God "the Preserver of men." He is the Preserver of our lives, and the Savior of the souls of all that believe: but probably Job meant “the Observer of men," for his eyes are upon the ways and upon the hearts of all men, to render to every one of them according to their deeds.-Job was also assured, that God was merciful, and that he could consistently with his glory, pardon his transgressions and take away his iniquity; and he was very desirous of some token, that this inestimable favor was granted him. Indeed, he could not understand why God did not forgive him; and he apprehended that this mercy, if not granted soon, would come too late: for that he should, during the night, be laid in the dust, and when the Lord in the morning sought for him to shew him favor, he should not be found.-These concluding verses contain a very singular intermixture of faith and unbelief; and this renders it the more difficult to explain them.

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. The appointed term of our lives is known to God, but to us it is uncertain: while it continues, we have a warfare to accomplish, and a work to do; and our eternal state will be decided accord||ingly as we acquit ourselves. The believer, by

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the grace of God, "fights the good fight of faith," on earth, except in the hope of heaven; let us and performs his appointed service; then rests without delay "seek those things which are above;" from his labors, and receives the conqueror's and, instead of rebelliously murmuring at the apcrown, as a gracious recompense from the hand pointments of God, and speaking "in the bitterof his merciful Savior.-When conflicting withness of our souls," let us pour out our hearts in sore temptations, and burdened with weighty af- humble confessions of our sins, and in fervent flictions, we may properly long after the promis- prayers for forgiveness, and that we may be spared rest, and welcome the shadows of the evening, ed till fitted for a better world.-Whatever may the assaults of sickness, the inroads of old age, be thought in the hour of temptation, the Lord is and the prospects of dissolution: yet, like valiant kind to his people; and he is doing them imporsoldiers, or patient laborers, we should be willing tant good, when perhaps they are ready to conto endure fatigue and hardship a little longer, clude, that he is waiting an occasion to destroy and not impatiently desire release from suffering. them. His condescension and compassion to "Wearisome months and years indeed may be such worthless worms are infinite: he could crush appointed for us:" and some eminent servants of us in a moment, and we all deserve it; but he God have had such complicated sufferings, by day visits and chastens us for our good, to exercise and by night, as to deprive them of all ease and and prove our graces, to subdue our iniquities, respite. Nay, Satan has been permitted so to and to restrain us from sin: and his mercies are harass them with temptations, when asleep as well far more numerous than the stripes of his correctas when awake, that the horror and anguish of ing rod.-The Lord is our constant Observer; but their dreams have given them an idea of hell it- he is also the gracious Savior of all who trust in self. In such circumstances it cannot be expect- him. As we can conceal nothing from him, let ed, that the tempest-tossed sufferer should avoid us plead guilty before his throne of grace, that all improper expressions: and as, if this were our we may not be condemned at his judgment-seat. own case, we should need tenderness and for- And we should do this earnestly; because in the bearance from our brethren; we should learn to grave, it will be too late to repent and seek his make allowances for them, and behave toward face. But if we wait upon him in the appointed them, when in distress, with candor and compas-way, the tokens of his love will in due time be sion. We should also pray earnestly not to be vouchsafed; and we may then look forward to the "led into temptation;" and we may well loathe hour of death, with patient submission and joysuch an evil world as this, and be unwilling to ful hope. remain in it for ever: yet life with all its sorrows, is valuable, if improved to glorify our God, to serve our generation, and to secure our own salCHAP. VIII. V. 1-3. As the messengers had vation. Though the Lord will prove his people, come one after another, to inform Job of his caand Satan may tempt them, and they may pas-lamities; (Notes, 1:13-19.) so his friends followed sionately "choose strangling rather than life;" yet each other in their censures of him: and thus grace will restrain the actings of indwelling sin, they inadvertently aided Satan in tempting him and preserve them from presumptuous and des- to blasphemy and despair. (Notes, 1:9-11. 4:1.) perate wickedness; and divine consolations will in It seems that they were agreed in their judg general counterbalance outward sufferings. But ment, concerning the case and character of Job; how wretched is sinful man without the knowl- so that it next devolved on Bildad to answer him, edge of a Savior! Accumulated miseries may and confirm the doctrine of Eliphaz.-Job had render life intolerable, and fears of future ven- spoken important truths, though intermingled geance make the thought of death unspeakably with many sallies of passion: but Bildad abruptly tremendous; or, being hardened in infidelity or and harshly condemned the whole, as boisterous, despair, a poor sinner may be tempted, as "choos- unreasonable, and pernicious, like a tempestuous ing strangling, and death rather than life," to wind; and charged him with stating, that God plunge himself from temporal into eternal misery. perverted justice and judgment, which Job cer-How loathsome may disease render our sinful tainly did not mean to do. (Notes, 34:10—15. bodies, even while we live! and death will surely Gen. 18:23-26.) return them, by putrefaction, to the dust whence V. 4-7. Perhaps Bildad intended to distinthey were taken. To that state we are all hasten-guish between the case of Job, and that of his ing; our days pass away swifter than a weaver's shuttle, our lives are vanishing like the unstable cloud, and our earthly possessions will soon be in other hands. Let us then despair of seeing good


children, in order to shew that there was yet hope for him, though not for them: but many think he designed to warn him, by the example of sudden vengeance thus set before him. It was, however,

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n 12:12. 15:10,18. 32:6,7. Deut. 4:32. 32:7. Ps. 44:1. 78:3,4. Is. 38:19. Rom. 15:4. 1 Cor. 10:


7:6. Gen. 47:9. 1 Chr. 29:15.
Ps. 39:5. 90.4. 102:11. 144:4.
*Heb. not.

P 12:7,8. 32:7. Deut. 6:7. 11:19.
Ps. 145:4. Hab. 11:4. 12:1.

r Is. 19:5-7.

s Ps. 129:6,7. Jer. 17:6. Jam.
1:10,11. 1 Pet. 1:24.

t Deut. 6:12. 8:11,14,19. Ps. 9:
17. 10:4. 50:22. Is. 51:13.

u 11:20. 13:16. 15:34. 20-5. 27.8
-10. 36:13. Prov. 12:7. Is. 33:
14. Lam. 3:18. Matt. 24:51.
Luke 12:1,2.

q Prov. 16:23. 18:15. Matt. 12:† Heb. house. Is. 59:5,6.

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very unfeeling thus to introduce so distressing a design, in this passage, to represent, by various subject; and still more so to intimate that his similitudes, the apparent piety, and the fading children had been cut off for their sins, and had prosperity, of the hypocrite; and to insinuate that perished in them. (Noles, 1:5,13,18,19. 4:7-11. this was applicable to the case of Job.-A rush, 5:3-5.)-The language also, in which Bildad or flag, growing by the river's side, or in a fenny conveys his good counsel, seems to imply, that soil, flourishes while well watered: but when the Job's integrity and piety must at least remain mire and water fail through drought, it needs not dubious, unless manifested by his returning pros-be cut down, but withers of itself, more speedily perity: whereas, had he died of his disease, or worn than other herbs. Thus the hypocrite's professed out many years in penury and pain, it would have religion, and confidence in God, are maintained, been no just impeachment of his character; espe-while worldly interests nourish them; but they cially if he had recovered the composure of his mind, in submission to the will of God. It was right, however, to exhort Job without delay, to seek and pray unto God; and to encourage him to hope for the recovery of his health and comforts, from the goodness of the Almighty; who was able to raise him, from very small beginnings, to a great increase of wealth, honor, and happiness. (Notes, 5:8-16. 22:21-30.)

come to nothing when these supports fail. Having no root of faith and grace, his piety dies away in persecution or tribulation: and, in like manner, God may often expose his hypocrisy by taking away his prosperity. (Notes, Matt. 13:20,21. Jude 11-13.) This, indeed, is the proper emblem of all those who forget God; but especially of the hypocrite.-His vain confidence may also be compared to the spider's web, spun by the inV. 8-10. Job had slighted the discourse of sect from its own resources, with great ingenuity, Eliphaz as insipid, and his arguments as incon- and suited to answer its present purposes; but clusive. (Note, 6:5-7.) Bildad therefore allow easily swept away at once, as though it had never ed that, by reason of the comparative shortness been. (Note, Is. 59:3-8.) Thus suitable tempof their lives, they did not know so much as their tations destroy the hypocrite's religion; sudden fathers did, who had had longer time for making judgments tear from him all his transient prosobservations, and could speak more decidedly perity; and all his endeavors to maintain either from their own heart, or experience. To their his character for piety, or his worldly consequence, testimony therefore he appealed, and desired Job by means of powerful friends and relations, prove to bestow pains to examine the traditions or rec- unsuccessful. Indeed he may be compared to a ords, which they had preserved of their senti- tree growing in the garden, and striking root ments. (Note, 5:1.)-Some think that Bildad, even into the rock; vet after a time cut down being descended from Abraham by Keturah, had and thrown aside, while another is planted in its especial reference to the eminent piety and pros- place. So wicked men, when they seem most perity of that patriarch.-It has been observed, firmly established, are suddenly thrown down, that Job and his friends actually possessed all treated with neglect, and sink into oblivion and that superiority of knowledge on every useful contempt; while others, from the lowest stations subject, especially on things relating to true re- and of the same disposition, come in their place, ligion, which has been groundlessly ascribed to whose joy in their wicked ways is equally tranthe Egyptians, and others: and that they traced sient and unstable.-In general, the hypocrite's this knowledge back to the tradition of the fa- religion, and the ungodly man's prosperity, havthers, or patriarchs; that is, to traditional reve-ing no firm support, are precarious and of short lation.

duration: yet, as to this present world, every

V. 11-19. It seems to have been Bildad's || general rule admits of many exceptions; and the

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ed with shame; and the dwelling place of 3 If he will contend with him, he
the wicked shall
come to nought.

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cannot answer him one of a thousand.
4 He is dwise in heart, and mighty in
strength: who hath hardened himself
against him, and hath prospered?

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5 Which 'removeth the mountains, and

b 20,32,33. 10:2. 23:3-7. 31:35 |
-37. 33:13. 34:14,15. 40:2. Is.
57:15,16. Rom. 9:20.

c Ps. 19:12. 40:12. 1 John 1:8.

d 19. 36:5. Ps. 104:24. 136:5.
Dan. 2:20. 4.34-37. Rom. 11:
33. Eph. 1:8,19. 3:10,20. Jude

e 6:10. 15:23-27. 40:9. Ex. 9: 14-17. 14:17,18. Prov. 28:14. 29:1. Dan. 5:20-30, 1 Cor. 10:22.

f 28:9. Ps. 46:2. 68:8. 114:6. Is. 40:12. Hab. 3:6,10. Zech. 4:7. Matt. 21:21. 1 Cor. 13:2. Rev. 6:14. 11:13.

illustrations adduced were wholly inapplicable to those who sincerely repent and believe: and, the case of Job.

though their "beginning be small, their latter

V. 20-22. If Job were indeed a sound char-end will greatly increase."-We should, indeed,

acter, without guile or hypocrisy in his professed prepare diligently, to inquire into the sentiments piety; (Notes, 1:1. John 1:47-51.) Bildad was of wise men in other ages on these important assured that bis prosperity and comfort would re- subjects; especially that we may become acturn, and his enemies would be put to shame: quainted with the experience and observations of (Marg. Ref.) but if he were a wicked man, he those "elders, who through faith obtained a good would never be raised above his calamities, but report," and which are recorded for our instrucwould sink under them.-Bildad seems to have tion and warning. And, notwithstanding the formed in his mind a fixed rule of Providence shortness of our lives, we may thus obtain true concerning this. Yet there was a fallacy in his wisdom for our present and eternal good. But reasoning, and that of his friends, arising from || all human authority, whether of ancient fathers their not distinguishing between the present state or modern reasoners, must be submitted to the of trial and discipline, and the future state of ret- decision of the sacred oracles.-Forgetfulness of ributions. Hence they concluded, that Job de- God, and false apprehensions of him, his truth, nied the justice of God and the advantages of and his will, render men either hypocrites or piety; because he maintained that, in this world, openly ungodly. These evils spring from a corwicked men often prospered, and godly men were rupt and carnal mind; and wicked men, of every afflicted. description, will find that their joys and hopes must soon wither like the worthless rush, and be PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. swept away as the spider's web, and they themEven in religious controversies, it is common selves cut down like the barren fig-tree. (Notes, for men to treat each other with acrimony, and Matt. 3:7-10. Luke 13:6-9.) To these earthly their opponents with contempt; to overlook what joys and false confidences one generation sucis evidently good; to make the worst of what is ceeds after another; while millions perish without apparently faulty; and to charge horrible conse- any regarding it! Thus men deceive themselves quences upon very inoffensive tenets.-There is and others, and are deceived by Satan: yet every a way, which some have, of bringing odium on object in nature, when duly attended to, warns the sentiments of those who oppose them, by at- them not to lean on failing supports, to adopt selftempting to shew that they impute injustice, cru- devised expedients, or to rejoice in perishing elty, or tyranny to the Almighty, which is calcu- comforts.-But, though the upright soul may be lated to shock every pious mind. Truth needs severely tried, God will never cast him away; not, and error ought not, to be thus defended. and at length he shall be filled with satisfying and We are not competent to judge in most cases, unfailing joy, to the confusion of his enemies who what it becomes the universal and everlasting shall "perish for ever." May we choose the porSovereign to do. We should believe assuredly tion, possess the confidence, bear the cross, and that he is just, wise, and good, in those dispensa- "die the death of the righteous;" and in the mean tions which exceed our comprehension; and wait time, let us be careful neither to wound others by for the "day of the revelation of his righteous|| rash judgments; nor greatly to distress ourselves judgment" to the assembled world. Nay, even about the opinion of our fellow-servants, however when doctrines may evidently be proved incon-eminent they may be for wisdom and discernsistent with the divine perfections, as well as with Scripture, it becomes us to treat such subjects with great reverence, modesty, and caution. CHAP. IX. V. 1-3. In this answer, Job We are sure God will "not pervert judgment:" paid no regard to Bildad's severe reflections, but he can have no inducement to it, and it is impos- confined himself more to the point in hand than sible in itself. But we must not judge of charac- before. He declared, (referring to Bildad's asters by providential dispensations, or concur with sertion that God did not "pervert justice," 8:3.) those who condemn the afflicted. When we that he had no doubt concerning the righteousmention the remarkable deaths of others, we ness of God in all his dispensations; nor did he should not consider them as divine judgments, or mean otherwise, when he denied himself to be a decide on the state of their souls; except upon hypocrite: "for how should man be just with the most undeniable evidence of their presump- God?" Before him he pleaded guilty of numertuous impenitent wickedness: and it is cruel ous transgressions; and should God contend with needlessly to mention a case of this kind, how-him in judgment, he could not justify one out ever striking, in the presence of a sorrowing of a thousand, of all the thoughts, words, and acparent or relation. On every occasion, however, tions of his life: so that he deserved worse than waving all topics foreign to the subject, we should all his present sufferings. But he evidently exhort the afflicted to "seek the LORD," without meant, that this was common to him with the delay, by earnest prayer, and we should encour- best of men, and did not prove him a hypocrite, age them with the prospect of returning comfort or an atrocious criminal; though his afflictions from his power and mercy. He will awake for||were great beyond example.



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11 Lo, he goeth by me, and I see him not: he passeth on also, but I perceive him not.

12 Behold the taketh away, who can hinder him? who will say unto him, " What doest thou?

13 If God will not withdraw his anger, the proud helpers do stoop under him.

g Nah. 1:5,6. Zech. 14:4,5. Matt. 27:51. Luke 21:11. Rev. 16:18-20.

hls. 2:19,21. 13:13,14. 24:1,19, 20. Hag. 2:6,21. Heb. 12:26. Rev. 20:11.

a 26:11. 38:4-7. 1 Sam. 2:8. F's. 75:3. 114:7. Jer. 4:24. Joel 2:10.

Ex. 10:21.22. Dan. 4:35. Am. 4:13. 8:9. Matt. 24:29. 137:7. 38:12-15,19,20. Is. 13: 10. Ez. 32:7. Luke 21:25,26. | m 37:18. Gen. 1:6,7. Ps. 33:6. 104:2,3. Is. 40:22. 42:5. 44:24. Jer. 10:11. Zech. 12:1.

n 38:11. Ps. 93:3,4. Matt. 14:25 -30. John 6:19.

*Heb. heights.

o 38:31,32. Gen. 1:16. Ps. 147:

4. Am. 5:8.

Heb. Ash, Cecil, and Cimah.
p Ps. 104:3,13. Acts 28:13.
q 5:9. 26:12-14. 37:23. Ps. 71:
Is. 40:26
15. 72:18. Ec. 3:11.
-28. Rom. 11:33. Eph. 3:20.
r Ex. 15:11. Ps. 136:4. Dan. 4:

s 23:8,9. 35:14.
Tim. 6:16.

Ps. 77:19. 1

t 23:13. 34:29, Dan. 4:35. Eph.


Heb. turn him away? 11:10. u 33:13. Is. 45:9. Jer. 18:6. Matt. 11:26. 20:15. Rom. 9:18 -20. 11:34.

x 26:12. 40:9-11.

2,3. Jam. 4:6,7.

Is. 30:7. 31:

Heb. helpers of pride, or, strength.

15 Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would make supplication to my Judge.


16 If I had called, and he had answered me; yet would I not believe that he had hearkened unto my voice.

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17 For he breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause.


18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but filleth me with bitterness. 19 If I speak of strength, lo, he is strong: and if of judgment, "who shall set me a time to plead?

20 If I justify myself, P mine own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse.


21 Though I were perfect, yet would I not know my soul: I would despise my life.

[Practical Observations.]

y 4:19. 25:6. 1 Kings 8:27.
z 11:4.5.

a 23:4,7. 33:5.

b 10:15. 1 Cor. 4:4.

c 5:8. 8:5. 10:2, 22:27. 34:31,32.
1 Kings 8:38,39. 2 Chr. 33:13.
Jer. 31:9. Dan. 9:3,18.
d 23:7. 1 Pet. 2:23.

e Ps. 18:6. 66:18-20. 116:1,2.

29:24. Ex. 6:9. Judg. 6:13.
Ps. 126:1. Luke 24:41. Acts

g 16:14. Ps. 29:5. 42:7. 83:15.
Is. 28:17. Jer. 23:19. Ez. 13:
13. Matt. 7:27. 12:20.
h 1:14-19. 2:7,13.

i 2:3. 16:17. 34:6. Ps. 25-
9:3. 15:25.


k 7:19. Ps. 39:13. 88:7,15-18.

Lam. 3:3,3.

1 3:20. Lam. 3:15,19. Heb. 12: 11.

m See on 4.-36:17-19. 40:9, 10. Ps. 62:11. Matt. 6:13. 1 Cor. 1:25. 10:22.

n 32,33. 31:35. 33:5-7.

o 2. 4:17. 32:1,2. Ps. 130:3. 143:
2. Luke 10:29. 16:15.

p 15:5,6, 34:35. 35:16. Prov. 10:
19. Is. 6:5.
Matt. 12:36,37.

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If he will, &c.] PD-ON, if he shall be pleased: || therefore for feeble man to resist his will.-No

· εαν βυληται. Sept.

allusion appears to be made in this passage, to V. 4-13. Instead of cursing God to his face, corded in Scripture, except it be to the convulthe miraculous displays of the divine power re(as Satan falsely asserted he would,) Job set himself to celebrate his perfections and wonder-sions of the deluge.-The names, "Arcturus, ful works. He was as fully assured of the wis-Orion, and Pleiades," are taken from the Greek, dom and power of God, as of his justice: he words. "The chambers of the south," may mean and are supposed to correspond with the original knew that none could finally prosper or be hap- those stars, which are seen in the southern hempy, who hardened themselves in rebellion against isphere, but not in the northern, or those which him. Indeed, opposition against him must be as foolish as impious: the Almighty, without any only appear in the south at certain seasons of the previous notice, is able to overturn the deep-root- year. (Notes, 38:31-41. Am. 5:7—9.)

ed mountains, to shake the nations with earthquakes, and to remove or destroy the earth in a moment; he can forbid the sun or stars to shine, or at once extinguish their fires; he spreadeth out the heavens as his canopy, and walketh upon the stormy waves of the sea as subjected to his authority; (Note, Matt. 14:25-27.) and he arrangeth the constellations of the heavens, and the seasons of the year, as he pleaseth. In short, his works are incomprehensibly great, and innumerable. In all these things he acts invisibly, and on every side: he is present, though unperceived; and can crush his opponents ere they are aware. He can also take away children, wealth, health, or life; and none can hinder him, or call him to account: and if his anger be not pacified, the stoutest and proudest helpers must sink under his powerful vengeance. It would be madness

The LXX in this place render, bioz, and my, by #deiada, karepov, and apkтupov, respectively.— But in 38:31, they have rendered by #decados,

by piros, and y by onepov. Hence it appears that these ancient translators had no very exact ideas of the meaning of the original words.

V. 14-21. If therefore no man could justify himself before God, or withstand his power, Job, in his present abject condition, thought himself peculiarly unfit for so bold an attempt; for his mind was confused, and he could not select apt words to express his meaning, in what be desired to speak concerning him. Even if he had been completely righteous, he would rather supplicate the favor of his Judge, than claim deliverance from his justice. Indeed, he was so entirely disheartened, that an immediate answer

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