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I know that thou wilt not hold me innocent.

29 If I be wicked, why then labor I in vain?

30 If I wash myself with snow-water, and make my hands never so clean; 31 Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall † abhor me.

32 For he is not a man, that I should answer him, and come together in judgment.

as I am, we should

33 Neither P is there any day's-man betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both.

34 Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify me: 35 Then would I speak, and not fear him; but it is not so with me.

h 2,20,21. 14:16,17. Ex. 20:7.
Ps. 130:3.

i 22. 10:7,14-17. 21:16,17,27.
22:5,&c. Ps. 73:13. Jer. 2:35.
k Ps. 26:6. Prov. 28:13. Is. 1:
16-18. Jer. 2:22. 4:14. Rom.
10:3. 1 John 1:8.

1 20. 15:6.

In Is. 59:6. 64:6. Phil. 3:8,9,
† Or, make me to be abhorred.
n 33:12. 35:5-7. Num. 23:19.
1 Sam. 16:7. Ec. 6:10. Is. 45:

9. Jer. 49:19. Rom. 9:20. 1 John 3:20.

o 13:18-23. 23:3-7. Ps. 143:2. p 19. 1 Sam. 2:25. 1 John 2:1,2. Heb. one that should argue, or, umpire.

q 1 Kings 3:16,&c.

r 13:11,20-22. 23:15. 31:23. 33:
7. 37:1. Ps. 39:10. 90:11.
Heb. but I am not so with
myself. 29:2, &c.

to his prayer could not embolden him to hope, honorable thoughts of God; between gloomy dethat God would return to him in mercy. For spondency and feeble hope; rebellious murmurs though conscious, that he had not given cause and a desire to submit, conscious that it was their for it by any gross wickedness, or hypocrisy; duty so to do. (Notes, Jer. 20:10-18.)—Withyet God had so overwhelmed him with the tem-out cause. (17) Notes, 1—3. Ps. 25:2,3. pest of his wrath; had so wounded him in body V. 22-24. Here Job lays down the precise and soul, with reiterated strokes, without giving subject, upon which he was at issue with his him the least breathing time; and had so filled friends, and on which the Lord at length decidhim with bitterness; that he could not but re- ed in his favor. (Note, 42:7-9.) He maingard him with terror. (Notes, 16:6-16. Ps. tained against them, that the dispensations of 77:2,3.) At the same time, he knew that it was Providence, in this world, make no exact disimpossible to resist his almighty power, or to es- crimmation between the righteous and the wickcape his omnipresence: and it would be equally ed; that when God scourges guilty nations, by absurd to think of deciding the controversy by a war, famine, or pestilence, those who are comjudicial trial; for who had authority to act as paratively innocent and truly pious, are often injudge, and to appoint the time and place of hear-volved in the common calamity; and that in these ing? Nay, were that possible, it would be in sudden desolations the Lord does not wait, so to vain: for, if no other guilt should be charged on speak, to try their causes. Or Job may be unhim, his attempt to justify himself before God, derstood to speak figuratively of the scourge, as and every argument which he should use in such || laughing at distinctions in the characters of the a cause, would condemn him as a perverse and sufferers. (Notes, 8:20-22. Ec. 9:1-3. Ez. rebellious creature. Even if not conscious of 21:2-5.) Indeed the earth is chiefly possessed any guilt, he would not think himself free from and governed by wicked men; and the judges of criminality; for he did not know his own soul, as it are commonly blinded by their lusts, or hoodhis heart-searching Judge did: and therefore he winked by bribery, so that they frequently opwould despise his own life; and submit to any press and persecute the righteous. Yet, God sentence, rather than contend with the Majesty gives them their power, and allows them to prosof heaven. (Note, 1 Cor. 4:3-5.)-There is in per in their crimes, by which they are still furthis passage a great deal of truth, as well as ther blinded and hardened. And who is he, that sound reasoning and honorable thoughts of God; can deny these facts? or maintain, in the view of yet there is also a considerable tincture of unbe-them, that this is a state of exact retribution? lief and despondency. Some hope in the divine (Notes, 12:6-10. 21:7-22. Ps. 17:13-15. 73:1 mercy seems implied; but that attribute is not-14. Jer. 12:1-4. Mal. 3:13—18.) mentioned, and Job was only just supported from V. 25-35. Here Job again renewed his comsinking into despair.-Those who know some-plaints, with the same incoherency and conflict thing of Satan's dark temptations, when the soul of contending passions as before. He regarded is filled with horrible thoughts of God, which his life, as having suddenly come to a wretched tend to subvert the foundations of hope, will, end; and with a velocity that surpassed the speed from their own distressing experience, better of the swiftest runner, who hasted to convey im understand Job's meaning, than from any unex-portant tidings, (Note, 2 Chr. 30:6-9.) of the perienced commentator. Had they at such times been urged to speak, their discourse would have contained a similar conflict between hard and

swiftest ships, and even of the eagle hasting to the prey. All his efforts to rise superior to the tumult of his passions were unavailing; he could

not but fear even worse than he suffered; and as he was indeed a sinner, and his friends condemned him, he was alarmed lest God should finally reject him. If indeed he were a wicked man, it would be labor in vain to vindicate his character: for when he had done all in his power for that purpose; God would detect his secret iniquities, and thus thrust him as it were into the mire, till his very garments rendered him abhorred. Nay, though he were not a wicked man, yet the discovery of all his former sins, and of the defects of his present obedience, would shew him to be "as an unclean thing, and his righteousness as filthy rags." (Note, Is. 64:6-8.) Indeed, his loathsome disease, and his other afflictions, were interpreted by his friends as proofs of his guilt, and as God's plunging him in a ditch, and rendering him abominable; notwithstanding all the proof which he could give of his integrity. So that there was nothing to be attempted in so unequal a contest with God: there was no "day's man," or umpire, to decide upon the merits of the cause, whose authority might induce submission to his award: and as to himself, he was so confused and terrified, that he could not make the best of his cause. If his afflictions and terrors were removed, he could then speak without fear: but as the case now stood he might as well hold his peace.


V. 1-21.

put to silence the ignorance of foolish men." And it is commonly best to leave our cause with God, and patiently to bear the unjust suspicions of our brethren, till he sees good to remove the painful trial.

V. 22-35.

We should be very careful not to be offended, either by the tribulations with which we meet, or the prosperity of the wicked: they have their short-lived pleasures, we our transient sorrows. Life is hasting to a close with unobserved swiftness, and soon the joys of the world and our tears will be for ever done away. Yet, under severe trials and sharp temptations, it is very difficult to repress murmurs, to keep out hard thoughts of God, or to hold fast our confidence in him. When, through Satan's influence on the mind, the Lord appears as an enemy; when his power and justice are more distinguishable than his mercy; and when a sense of his displeasure, and slavish fears of condemnation preponderate; the soul, even of a believer, is filled with inexpressible confusion, and verges to melancholy and despair. It is easy to counsel those who are in such a case; but who can then practise as he ought? Every object enhances terror; every topic suggests new disquietude: the trembling and tempted soul forgets the promises, or dares not appropriate them; every precept, threatening, warning, and example, seems to be pointed against him; and he scarcely ventures to approach, or knows not how to speak, before the mercy-seat, where once he The justice, wisdom, truth, and goodness of communed with his God in the spirit of adoption, God, must be taken for granted, whatever senti- with confidence and comfort. This is" indeed ments we defend or oppose; for "shall not the "the time of Jacob's trouble, but he shall be deJudge of all the earth do right?"-But "how should livered out of it." We may be thankful, if we man be just with God?" If he enter into judg- have not known these waves and billows of dire ment with us according to his holy law, not one temptations; yet we shall scarcely know how to action in a thousand can stand the test.-The sympathize with those that are conflicting with wisdom, power, and sovereignty of God are dis- them, or to make proper allowances for them. played in the works of creation and providence: But, poor tempest-tossed soul, consider Job, and we may collect what he can do from what he has notice that others have passed this dreadful gulph done; and when these subjects are duly consider- before thee: and though they could not believe ed, those who harden themselves against him in that God would hear or deliver them any more; presumptuous wickedness appear to be perfectly yet he rebuked the storm, and brought them to infatuated. How can those, who despise the favor the desired haven. And look to Jesus, who, and defy the vengeance of the Almighty, expect|| though free from sin, once "suffered being temptto prosper, or to escape final misery? But they ed, that he might be able to succor those who are are no less infatuated, who proudly attempt to jus-tempted." "Resist then the devil, stedfast in the tify themselves before that God, who possesses faith;" give not place to hard thoughts of God or infinite purity and justice, and who knows us far desperate conclusions about thyself; repress as better than we know ourselves. He will prove much as possible every passionate wish or expresevery indictment which he has brought, and vin- sion, which arises in thy mind. Come to him, dicate every sentence which he has denounced, who invites "the weary and heavy laden;" and against any of his creatures. It is therefore our has promised "in no wise to cast out those who only wisdom to "supplicate mercy," and not to come," but "to give rest to their souls:" plead demand justice, from our Judge. Every attempt guilty; cast thyself upon unmerited mercy, as if "to establish our own righteousness," forms an this were thy first approach to a forgiving God, additional demonstration of our pride, perverse- without deciding any thing about thy former exness, and rebellion. (Note, Rom. 10:1-4.) The perience or character: acknowledge that thy sufLord can produce against us innumerable trans-ferings are less than thy sins have deserved: cry gressions, which have escaped our own notice or recollection: he views us with an impartial eye, while we flatter ourselves in our own sight: he sees our iniquity to be hateful, when we are attempting to palliate it. (Note, Ps. 19:12-14.) If then "we know nothing by ourselves, we are not thereby justified:" and it is far better to submit to the righteousness of God, than to argue, either against the sentence of his law, or the appointments of his providence, which unitedly testify against us. In like manner, all endeavors to vindicate our character, if indeed we are hypocrites, must be in vain: we shall soon appear as if newly plunged in the mire, and be exposed to shame and condemnation, without being able to plead any thing in our own behalf. But if consciously sincere, we may humbly maintain our integrity before our fellow-creatures: yet it is often lost labor, except as "by well doing, we

for repentance, for faith, for patience, for inward support; and wait thus at mercy's gate. There can indeed be no superior, who as umpire, can lay his hand on both parties: yet remember that there is an appointed Mediator, "an Advocate with the Father," who "is able to save to the uttermost all them who come to God by him; seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them," according to the will of God: and that those who believe on him, are washed and justified from all their sins, and will soon be saved from all their troubles. In this way, thou shalt ere long find, that the tempter is rebuked, the storm is over, thy sun breaks forth; yea, thou shalt yet sing, “O LORD, I will praise thee; though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and thou comfortest me." (Notes, Is. 12:1-3.)—Oh, how happy is a believer even in these trying circumstances, compared with those prosperous sinners,

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Y a soul is weary of my life;
will leave my complaint upon my-
I will speak in the bitterness of

my soul.

2 I will say unto God, Do not condemn me: e shew me wherefore thou contendest, with me.

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3 Is it good unto thee that thou that thou shouldest shouldest oppress, despise the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?

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4 Hast thou eyes of flesh? or thou as man seeth?

k seest

5 Are thy days as the days of man? are thy years as man's days,

6 That thou inquirest after mine iniquity, and searchest after my sin?

a 3:20-23. 6:8,9. 7:15,16,20. 9:

40:2,8. Lam. 3:2-18.

21. 14:13. Num. 11:15. 1 Kingsg Ps. 69:33.

19:4. Jon. 4:3,8.

*Or, cut off while I live.

b 7:11. 19:4. 21:2-4.

h 14:15, 34:19.

64:8. 1 Pet. 4:19.

↑ Heb, labor.

Ps. 138:8. Is.

c 15,16. 6:2-4,26. 7:11. 16:6i 8:20. Jer. 12:1-3.

16. Ps. 32:3-5. Is. 38:15,17.

d Ps. 6:1-4. 25:7. 38:1-8. 109: 21.143:2.

e 8:5,6. 34:31,32. Ps. 139:23,24. Lam. 3:40-42. 1 Cor. 11:31, 32.

34:57,18,19. 36:7-9,17,18.

k 9:32. 1 Sam. 16:7. Luke 16:
15. Rev. 1:14.

I Ps. 90:2-4. 102:12,24-27.
Heb. 1:12. 2 Pet. 3:8.
m 14-17. Ps. 44:21. Jer. 2:34.
Zeph. 1:12. 1 Cor. 4:5.


to whom it will shortly be said, "Remember that thou in thy life-time receivedst thy good things,|| and Lazarus evil things; but now he is comforted and thou art tormented!"


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9 Remember, I beseech thee, that
thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt
thou bring me into dust again?

10 Hast thou not "poured me out as
milk, and curdled me like cheese?
11 Thou hast clothed me with skin
fenced me with
and flesh, and hast
bones and sinews.

12 Thou hast granted me life and
favor, and thy visitation hath preserved
my spirit.

13 And these things hast thou hid in thine heart: I know that this is with thee.

14 If I sin, then thou markest me, Heb. It is upon thy knowl-t 17:14. Ps. 22:15. 90:3. Ec. 12: edge.


n 23:10. 31:6,14,35. 42:Z
1:6. 7:3,8,9. 17:3. 26:1-5. 139:
1,2,21-24. John 21:17. 2 Cor.
1:12. 1 Thes. 2:10.

o 23:13,14. Deut. 32:39. Ps. 50:
22. Dan. 3:15. Hos. 2:10. John

p Ps. 119:73. Is. 43:7.

Heb. took pains about me.
q 3. Gen. 6:6,7. Jer. 18:3-10.
r 7:7. Ps. 25:6,7,18. 89:47. 106:

s Gen. 2:7. 3:19. Is. 45:9, 64:8.

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and his days are transient, so that he must make haste, or he may not find time to effect his purposes: but the case is entirely different with the everlasting, omniscient, and holy God. He could have detected Job's iniquity if he were guilty, without putting him to torture to extort a confession: and he had space to bring him to the trial. CHAP. X. V. 1, 2. The vehemence of Job's and to convict him, before he proceeded to punpassions, excited by his exquisite sufferings, here ish. He could not therefore comprehend, what again broke through his better purposes; and he God meant by thus afflicting him; as he could apwas urged to seek relief by complaining "in the peal to him that he had not been wicked, that is, bitterness of his soul," whatever the consequence an impenitent, unconverted sinner; a hypocrite in might be: he would cease from silently musing religion, and one who used it as a cloke to cover on his misery, and would give utterance to his his iniquities. If, however, God was pleased in inward anguish.--Perhaps, "his soul being weary sovereignty to punish him, he knew it was in of life," he wished to bring some sudden judg-vain to contend with him; for none could deliver ment on himself, which might at once end his days. Yet he would still beg of God not to account him a wicked man, or finally to deal with him as such; but to shew him on what account he acted with such extreme rigor towards one of his upright worshippers.

V. 3 It may be supposed, that Job was at a loss, what to think of the divine dispensations towards him. He could not conceive that God would Oppress his creatures, by punishing them without cause; as if he despised the work of his own hands, and took pleasure in destroying or disgracing it: yet he was not able to understand, how these things could consist with the goodness and mercy of God; and he supposed, that his remarkable afflictions would tend to encourage the Counsels and practices of wicked men, who often argue that there is no advantage in religion, and therefore seek happiness in the world by an ungodly life. (Note, 21:7—16.)

V. 4-7. Man's eyes see partially, and superfacially, and discern objects one after another; VOL. III.


him out of his hands.

V. 8-13. In these verses Job expostulates with God, as if he had created him only for misery. The very hands which had fashioned him, has formed the vessel which he intended,) now (as the potter moulds the clay on all sides, till he heavily afflicted him; and were about to destroy him, and reduce him to his original dust.-He then gave an accurate account of his wonderful formation in the womb. From his original liquid form he was gradually coagulated, as milk is curdled into cheese; and then the skin and the flesh covered him, till at length he was supportmaterial substance God had given life, and a raed and braced by bones and sinews. tional soul; and thus he had been born into the world, and had ever since been protected, and the Lord have created, preserved, and prospered favored with a variety of comforts: and could him, only to render his downfal the more dread[33 ful, and his miseries the more extreme? Yet all his sufferings must have been the result of a se

To this

and thou wilt not acquit me from mine || me forth out of the womb? Oh, that 1 iniquity. had given up the ghos', and no eye had seen me!


15 If I be wicked, woe unto me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion; therefore see thou mine affliction;


16 For it increaseth: h thou huntest me as a fierce lion; and again thou shewest thyself marvellous upon me.

17 Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thy indignation upon me; changes and war are against


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19 I should have been as though I had not been; I should have been carried from the womb to the grave.

20 Are not my days few? cease then, and let me alone, that I may take comfort a little,

21 Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.

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V. 1-7.

V. 14-17. Job did not deny, that as a sinner he deserved his sufferings; but he thought that justice was executed upon him with peculiar rigor, that every sin was noticed, and that God would not As afflictions may speedily render us weary of mercifully acquit him from his iniquity. If in- life, how needful is it to have our treasure in deed he were a wicked man, a notorious sinner, heaven, and to be prepared for death! Yet we and hypocritical in his religion, his case must be should not indulge a wish to quit our post before dreadful: nay, if righteous, or an upright wor- the appointed time.-We are apt to think that shipper of God, he was so crushed and dismayed, we have a right to complain when we are greatly that he should not dare to look up for mercy. afflicted, and to imagine that it will be a relief to Indeed he was full of confusion, and knew not us. But, when we "speak in the bitterness of what to think of his extraordinary case: yet he our souls," we generally increase guilt and vexabegged of God to notice his increasing affliction; tion, and our complaints rebound upon ourselves. and no longer to pursue him with his judgments-In every affliction we should examine, "whereand terrors, as the fierce lion hunts the trem-fore God contendeth with us;" assured, that he bling fugitive; nor to act toward him in so won-has good and wise reasons for his conduct: and derful a manner. For every affliction was a when we do not readily perceive his meaning, witness of the divine indignation against him; we ought most earnestly to entreat him to shew and nothing but changes of one misery for it to us; that we may repent of our sins, fall in another, awaited him, against whom God him- with the designs of his corrections, reap the beneself, and the whole creation, seemed to be at fit of them, and escape final condemnation.-We war.-The gloom, unbelief, and hard thoughts of may not be able, in some cases, to understand God, which are here discernible, ought to be the reason of his appointments: but we ought not ascribed as much to Satan's temptations and Job's for a moment to suppose that he punishes without inward anguish of soul, as to his outward trials cause, or that his sovereignty resembles the arbiand remaining depravity.-The words rendered, trary will of selfish and wicked men. Such "I an full of confusion," (15) may be translated, thoughts originate from Satan, brooding on the "Oh, be satisfied with my confusion," or "dis- enmity of our carnal hearts; and they commonly grace mingle with our discontent and impatience. Indeed the sovereign authority and irresistible power of God should be terrible to all the im penitent workers of iniquity, and to them alone: but if we be conscious that we truly repent, accept of proffered mercy, and desire to serve him, he will in due time end our trials and give us comfort.

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V. 8-22.

V. 18-22. Job here, more directly than before, expostulated with God for giving him his being, and for not cutting him off by death in the womb, or as soon as born. (Notes, 3:) He considered death as at hand; and he begged a little respite from his anguish, that he might prepare for that closing scene; and for removing to the country, whence he should not return. The description that follows, seems to be only intend- The wisdom, power, and goodness of God, dised for the grave, and not to relate to the invisible played in the wonderful formation of our bodies, world.-Coherency or exactness, in the dis- and in giving us reasonable and immortal souls, course of one who spoke "in the bitterness of and in all the mercies of our infancy, childhood, his spirit," was not to be expected; yet it is evi- and riper years, demand our admiring, gratefuĺ dent, that Jub believed that there would be a praise; but in a gloomy hour, when corruption future state, and had some hope of happiness in prevails, Satan can induce even a believer to adit, though now exceedingly clouded and dis-mit the dishonorable apprehension, that God couraged. But he here described the state of created and preserved him only to make him dead bodies in the grave, as darkness and disor-miserable! Yet all the miseries of man arise der: and he used many repetitions; meaning in from his own voluntary wickedness: and, whatgeneral that they know nothing of the vicissitudes ever may be hid in the decrees and counsels of of day and night, or of the orders established God, most certain it is, that none shall eventually among the living, and that men are cited thither, || perish, but the finally impenitent: and our Crea

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5 But, Oh, that God would speak, and open his lips against thee;

a See on 2:11. 20:1.

b 16:3. 18:2. Ps. 140:11. Prov.

10:19. Acts 17:13. Jam. 1:19. Heb. of lips.

c 13:4. 15:2,3. 24:25.

† Or, devices.

d 12:4. 13:9. 17:2. 34:7.

16. Jer. 15:17. Jude 18.

Ps. 35:

e Ps. 83:16. 2 Thes. 3:14. Tit.

f 1 Pet. 3:15.

g 6:29,30. 7:20. 9:2,3. 10:7. 14:4.
34:5,6. 35:2.

h 23:3-7. 31:35. 33:6-13. 33:1,
2. 40:1-5,8. 42:7.


7 Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection?


8 It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know?

9 The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea. 10 If he cut off, and 9 shut up, or

i 15:8,11. 28:28. Deut. 29:29.
Ps. 25:14. Dan. 2:28,47. Matt.
13:35. Rom. 16:25,26. 1 Cor
2:9-11. Epb. 3:5.

k Ezra 9:13. Ps. 103:10. 106:
43-46. Lam. 3:22.

1 5:9. 26:14. 37:23. Ps. 77:19.
145:3. Ec. 3:11. Is. 40:28.
Matt. 11:27. Rom. 11:33. 1
Cor. 2:10,16. Eph. 3:8.

Heb. the heights of heaven.
m 22:12. 35:5. 2 Chr. 6:18. Ps.


103:11. 143:13. Prov. 25:2,3.

1s. 55.9.

n 26:6. Ps. 139:6-8. Am. 9:2, Eph. 3:18,19.

o 28:24,25. Ps. 65:5-8. 139:9,

p 5:18. 9:4,12,13. 12:14. 34:29
Is. 14:27. Dan. 4:35.
Or, make a change.

q 38.8. Deut. 32:30. Ps. 31:8
Rev. 3:7.


CHAP. XI. V. 1-4. Zophar, probably the youngest of Job's three friends, instead of being softened by his pathetic complaints, took up the argument against him with greater vehemence, than Eliphaz and Bildad had done. He represented him as a man who loved to hear himself speak; and who, by affected eloquence, aimed to run down the most evident truth in his own vindication; and as one who maintained palpable falsehoods, and treated the most sacred subjects, and most solid reasonings, with contempt and mockery. It was therefore highly proper that he should be answered, rebuked, and put to shame.-But what ground was there for these high charges? Job had said that "his doctrine was pure," which his friends could not disprove: and he was accused of saying, "I am clean in the eyes of God." He had indeed said that God knew he was not wicked, or one who concealed gross iniquities under the mask of hypocrisy; but he had also confessed himself a sinner, and implored forgiveness. And though he was tempted to question, whether God would be merciful to him, and had unadvisedly asserted that justice was rigorously exercised towards him; yet he had never supposed that God dealt unjustly with him. (Notes, 6:27-30. 7:20,21. 9:1-3,14-24. 10:3-17. 34:5-9. 35:1—3.)

tor (being in Christ become our Redeemer also,) the dead, dwell in us, he will also quicken our will "not destroy the work of his own hands” in || mortal bodies,” and raise them up immortal and any humble believer; but will renew him unto holiness, that he may enjoy eternal life. Satan plunges the tempted soul into one abyss after another: and when one blasphemous thought is rejected, another will be suggested to the mind. When any one, engaged in this conflict, is made sensible of the Lord's righteousness in present sufferings, or even in the sentence of eternal misery denounced against sinners; he will be tempted to question the divine goodness, or to despair of mercy; to conclude that he is an exception to ordinary rules, precluded from the forgiveness reserved for others, and marked out to be treated with exact and rigorous justice. But the terror and confusion of those who are thus buffeted by Satan, is inexplicable, even by such as have had painful experience of it. Every thing then wears a gloomy aspect: all seems to testify that God is become their enemy, and is pursuing them to destruction; while one vain and foolish wish succeeds to another; and they relapse into those sallies of passion, which they have just before seen to be rebellious and vain; longing to be in any other circumstances than those in which they are placed. Yet if true grace possesses the heart, it will glimmer forth a little in their darkest hours; some feeble actings of faith and hope will be discernible; and they will be restrained from the desperate language and behavior of an ungodly man, in similar circumstances.-But if anguish of mind on earth may render the gloomy grave a desirable refuge; what will be the condition of those who shall be condemned to the-blackness of darkness for ever! There unrestrained enmity, unmingled wrath, and absolute despair, eternally reign: light only serves to shew their misery, and knowledge to augment their anguish. Let every sinner then seek deliverance from this dreadful state, and every believer be thankful to "Jesus, who delivereth us from the wrath to come." Let all our troubles warn us of the shortness of life, remind us to pray to be spared till ready, and excite us to prepare for death, and to welcome its approach.-Having obtained the earnest and hope of heaven, we need not look with horror upon the dark and silent grave; for it cannot in the least degree harm us: and "if the Spirit of him, who raised up Jesus from

V. 5, 6. Zophar despaired of convincing Job; and therefore wished that God would interpose to vindicate his truth, and the justice of his providence: for if God should shew him the secret, wise, and righteous reasons of his dispensations; or the extensive and spiritual nature of true holiness, and consequently the number and heinousness of his sins, all of which were vastly more than he had any conception of; he would acknowledge that God exacted less punishment of him than he deserved.-This Job would not have denied: and when God afterwards did speak, it was in behalf of Job, and not against him. (Notes, 23:3-7. 31:35-37. 33:1-11. 42: 7-9.)-Secrets. (6) Marg. Ref.-Note, Ps. 25: 14.-Double, &c.] For in the wisdom and justice, or according to the law of God, thou 'mightest suffer double to what thou now dost;

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