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the city, when I prepared my seat in the|| street!

8 The young men saw me, and hid themselves: and the aged arose, and stood up.

9 The princes m refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth. 10 The nobles held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth.

11 When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me. 12 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him.

X

13 The blessing of him that was 'ready to perish came upon me: and "I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy. 14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment was as a robe and a diadem.

15 I was a eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame. 16 I was b a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched

out.

k Lev. 19:32. Prov. 16:31. 20: 8. Rom. 13:3,4. Tit. 3:1. 1 Pet. 5:5.

1 Rom. 13:7. 1 Pet. 2:17.

m 4:2. 7:11. Prov. 10:19. Jam. 1:19.

n 21-5. 40:4. Judg. 18:19. Prov. 30:32.

Heb. voice of the nobles was hid.

o Ps. 137:6. Ez. 3:26.

Ps.

p 31:20. Prov. 29:2. Luke 11:27.
22:5-9. Neh. 5:2-13.
72:12. 82:2-4. Prov. 21:13.
24:11,12. Jer. 22:16.

r Ex. 22:22-24. Deut. 10:18.
Ps. 68:5. Jam. 1:27.

Deut 24:13.

2 Cor. 9:12-14. 2 Tim. 1:16
-18.

t 31:19. Deut. 26:5. Prov. 31:
6-9. Is. 27:13.

u Deut. 16:11. Neh. 8:10-12.
Philem. 7.

x Ps. 67:4. Is. 65:14.

y Ps. 132:9. Is. 59:17. 61:10.
Rom. 13:14. 2 Cor. 6:7. Eph.
6:14. 1 Thes. 5:3. Rev. 19:3.
z Is. 28:5. 62:3.

a Num. 10.31. Matt. 11:5. 1
Cor. 12:12,&c.

b 21:18. Esth. 27. Ps. 68:5.
Eph. 5:1. Jam. 1:27.

c Ex. 13:26. Deut. 13:14. 17.8
-10. 1 Kings 3:16-23. Prov.
25:2. 29:7.
Acts 9:39-41.

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d Ps. 3:7. 58:6. Prov. 30:14.
† Heb. jaw teeth, or, grinders.
e 1 Sam. 17:35. Ps. 124:3,6.
Heb. cast.

f Ps. 30:6,7. Jer. 22:23. 49:16.
Obad. 4. Hab. 2:9.

g 5:26. 42:16,17. Ps. 91:16.
h Gen. 32:12. 41:49.

i 18:16. Ps. 1:3. Jer. 17:8.
Hos. 14:5-7.

Heb. opened.

k 14. 19:9. Gen. 45:13. Ps. 3:3.
Heb. new.

1 Gen. 49:24.

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now withdrawn his protection, and the light, ofed the truth of it. He could confidently protest, his consolations; excluded him from communion with him, and bereaved him of his wealth and children, his health and peace, and reputation. V. 7-11. Job next expatiated on the honor, which had been rendered him. He had acquired great influence and authority, and was become chief ruler over the neighboring tribes; probably through his reputation for wisdom and justice, as well as on account of his affluence. So that when he went through the city to the gate, where his throne for administering justice was prepared, the young men stood so much in awe of him, and so feared his reprehension for their irregularities, that they kept out of the way; the aged rose in respect of his character; and the nobles and princes were silent, as if bereft of speech, that they might attend to his arguments and decisions, and be instructed by them; and, indeed, all who saw and heard him applauded his impartial justice, and bare testimony to his wisdom and discretion.

that it was his constant object to redress the grievances of the orphans and destitute, who demanded justice against their powerful oppressors: so that widows and other persons, who were about to be crushed, murdered, or starved, thanked him and prayed for him as their patron, with joyful hearts. He never appeared in public, but with an evident determination to do justice: the equity of his conduct was to him the robe, or the badge of his authority, and he deemed it more his honor, than any royal diadem. By counselling the ignorant how to manage their affairs, he became as "eyes to the blind;" by supporting the helpless with his power and authority, he was as "feet to the lame:" he was the general guardian and father to all poor people; and neither spared pains and expense, nor feared opposition, in searching out their causes, and rescuing them from oppression. Thus he deprived rich oppressors of their power to do mischief, as effectually, as a wild beast is disabled when its "jaw-teeth are broken;" and he constrained them to make restitution, as when "the prey is plucked cut of their mouths." (Notes, Ps. 82:2-4. Prov. 31: 8,9.)

V. 12—17. Because Job's adversaries did so 'much charge him with wickedness, he is com'pelled to render account of his life. And as no one attempted to disprove his attestations, no doubt he spoke what was undeniably true: in- V. 18-25. Thus respected, useful, and condeed God himself, at the close, as it were, attest-scientious, and considering the whole as coming

B. C. 1550.

CHAPTER XXX.

CHAP. XXX.

fathers I would have disdained to have

Job complains that he is sunk into extreme contempt, 1-14; that set with the dogs of my flock.

he suffers great anguish of soul and body, 15-19, that God deals rigorously with him, 20-24; that he, who had comforted others, now suffers without a comforter, 25-31.

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*

UT now they that are younger than I have me in derision,

a 19.13-19. 29:8-10. 2 Kings 2:23. Is. 3:5.

Heb. of fewer days than I. b Ps. 35:15,16. 69:12. Mark 14:

b

whose

2 Yea, whereto might the strength of their hands profit me, in whom old age was perished?

с

3 For want and famine they were
† solitary;
fleeing into the wilderness
Tit. in former time desolate and waste.

65. 15:17-20. Luke 23:14,18,
19,35,36,39. Acts 17:5.
1:12.

† Or, dark as the night. 24:13
-16.

c 24:5. Heb. 11:38.
Heb. yesternight.

withdrawn, they shall never be extinguished, but
shall be restored, and endure till lost in the blaze
V. 7-23.
|| of heavenly glory.

from the favor of God, Job had hoped to live long
in prosperity, and to die in peace and honor in a
good old age: for he seemed like a tree which
had struck deep root in a well watered soil, and
Years, rank, and authority, if connected with
was refreshed every night by the kindly dew.
Heaven and earth seemed to favor him contin- eminent justice, wisdom, and piety, confer pecu-
ually. (Note, Ps. 30:6-8.) He had done noth- || liar dignity and influence: they over-awe the care-
ing to impair his reputation or influence, or to less and lawless; command the respect of inferi-
His counsel was silently ors and equals; and procure a deference even
prevent their increase.
attended to, and his decisions were waited for from superiors. When a man's judgment and in-
with great expectation, and were refreshing as tegrity have thus obtained him an established
the seasonable rain. His smile was counted a reputation, his opinions are readily approved, and
very great favor: and if he relaxed from his his measures adopted. Then it is peculiarly hap-
usual gravity, and shewed himself more affable py for him and others, if he is preserved humble,
with the people, they did not abate in their re-zealous for the honor of God, and ambitious only
spect, or undervalue his kindness. Still they of doing good: if he value the blessing of the needy
allowed him to counsel and command in all their and afflicted, and the testimony of men's con-
affairs, as a king, with uncontrolled authority, sciences to his equity and humanity, as his robe,
his diadem, and his recompense: if he continue a
rules over his troops: yet, amidst all, he never
lost sight of the beneficent employment of com- stranger to fear, favor, and affection, to covetous-
forting the mourners.-Some read all the latter ness and self-indulgence; and resolutely act as the
verses in the present tense. "My roots are, &c." patron of the poor, the widow, the orphan, and
as, Job's recollection of his inward thoughts, the oppressed; desiring that their hearts may re-
during his prosperous days, when anticipating thejoice, and that their prayers for their benefactor
continuance of them, in which he had been so
grievously disappointed.

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS.

V. 1-6.

The Lord protects and prospers us as he pleases; and he confers on those who love him whatever can be beneficial to them.

may be united with many thanksgivings unto God: if, by the use of his wealth, authority, and wisdom, he be as "eyes to the blind, and feet to the lame;" a father to the poor, and a terror and restraint to wealthy oppressors, and spare no labor for the effecting these valuable purposes. Such persons are public blessings, their protection is Yet riches and flour-courted, and their friendship valued, by all good ishing families, though a "candle of the LORD," men; though their excellency be hated, and their may be soon and finally extinguished: they do but power dreaded, by the tyrants whose jaws they little towards illuminating our way through this break, and whom they spoil of their prey. They dark world, and nothing towards cheering the prevent much mischief, make many disconsolate vale of death. But when the mind is enlightened mourners joyful, and are an ornament to religion. by the Holy Spirit; when a man walks in the light And they have the peculiar honor to resemble of God's comforting presence, and enjoys the se- him, who hath "put on righteousness as a robe, cret pleasure of communion with him; every out- and is clad with zeal as a cloke;" who rescues enward comfort is doubled, every trouble is dimin-slaved sinners from the power of Satan, and ished, and he may pass cheerfully, by this light, breaks the jaws of that devourer; who, in a far through life and death to heaven. The sensible nobler sense, "is eyes to the blind, and feet to the comfort, however, of this happy state is often with- lame, and a Father to the poor;" whose words are drawn from those who have enjoyed it; and they all in wisdom, truth, and love, and his favor more regret the months and days which they have for- refreshing than the latter rain; whose smile is so merly known, and long for their return. (Note, great a blessing to the desponding soul that waitPs. 42:4,5.) In general, this change arises from ed for it, that he can hardly believe his own exnegligence and "grieving the Holy Spirit;" but perience, when the Savior manifests his love; and sometimes it may be a trial of a man's faith and he will adore and revere him still more and more for his unspeakable condescension. How many, grace. Yet it is always right in such cases to examine ourselves, to inquire into the cause by fer- who were ready to perish, are now blessing him! vent prayer, and to redouble diligence and watch- How many mourners has he comforted! But who fulness.-Many, however, who profess that they can shew forth all his praises? May we trust his have walked in this heavenly light, complain that mercy, and copy his equity, truth, and love!-Let us not however flatter ourselves with the expectnow it is not with them "as in months past," and rest satisfied with unavailing lamentations! De- ation of continued honor and prosperity in this pending on past experience, and concluding their world. In the midst of all we should think of dystate safe, they put up at present with worldlying ere long; and even before death, of being decomforts, and are as negligent as they are joyless.prived of all our outward comforts; though there Storms will sucAnd others, who have really walked with God, should be every appearance, that life and prosfinding their comforts decline, are tempted to perity will be continued to us. think all their past experience a delusion, and to ceed to calms, and calms to storms, in this changeconclude that the Almighty has finally forsaken able world; but in heaven will be uninterrupted them. But for those comforts, which are indeed and unchangeable felicity. Let us then look to [77 from God, the true believer can find no substitute our Captain and King: he has chosen out our way. in the whole creation: and though they may bell and has been chief in sorrows, as well as in hon

4 Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

5 They were e driven forth from among men, (they cried after them as after a thief;)

6 To dwell in the clefts of the valleys, in caves of the earth, and in the rocks.

7 Among the bushes they brayed; under the nettles they were gathered together. 8 They were h children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

9 And now am I their song, yea, I am their by-word.

10 They abhor me, they from me, and spare not to face.

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flee far spit in my

11 Because he hath P loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let loose the bridle before me.

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16 And now my soul is poured out upon me; the days of affliction a have taken hold upon me.

b

17 My bones are pierced in me in the night-season: and my sinews take no rest.

18 By the great force of my disease is my garment changed; it bindeth me about as the collar of my coat.

19 He hathe cast me into the mire, dust and ashes: thee, and thou dost

d2 Kings 4:38,39. Am. 7:14. 1 17:6. Ps. 35:15,16, 44:14. 69 and I am become like

Luke 15:16.

e Gen. 4:12-14. Ps. 109:10. Dan. 4:25,32,33.

f Judg. 6:2. 1 Sam. 22:1,2. Is. 2:19. Rev. 6:15.

Heb. holes.

g 6:5. 11:12. Gen. 16:12.

h2 Kings 8:18,27. 2 Chr. 22:3.
Jer. 7:18. Mark 6:24.

i Prov. 1.7,22. 16:22.
Heb. men of no name.
k 40.4. Ps. 15:4. Is. 32:6.

12. Lam. 3:14,63.

m 19:19. 42:6. Ps. 38:8. Zech.
11:8.

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ors: and as he comforts his mourning followers; so he has shewn the whole army of his saints the way to victory and glory, through tribulation, sufferings, and death; and has said, "If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me;" and, "Where I am, there shall my servant be."

NOTES.

20 I cry unto

r 19:18. Is. 3:5.
s 19:12.

t Ps. 69:26. Zech. 1:15.

u 22:16. Ps. 18:4. 69:14,15. Is.
8:7,8.

x 6:4. 7:14. 9.27,28. 10:16. Ps.
88:15.

Heb. principal one.

y Is. 44:22. Hos. 6:4. 13:3.
z Ps. 22:14. 42:4. Is. 53:12.

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when he was reduced: and, though their ignorant and profligate parents had neglected to give their children any good instructions; yet they had learned to make songs and jests about Job, and to shew their contempt and abhorrence, by affecting to shun him as a loathsome object, or drawing near him to spit in his face. (Marg. Ref. m-o.) It may be supposed, that these were the expressions of their resentment for his former opposition to CHAP. XXX. V. 1-14. Here Job most pa- their villany; and of their joy that his authority thetically contrasts his present condition, with his was terminated. Because the Lord had loosed his former honor and authority. Now the youths, who cord, by depriving him of power and affluence, before had hid themselves lest they should be pun- they behaved with unbridled insolence, and atished for their crimes, (Note, 29:7-11.) treated tempted to injure him by every means which they him with the greatest contempt: nay the children could devise. It is likely that they accused Job of the most abject persons imaginable insulted of oppression, because he had punished them for him, whom he described as the vilest outcasts of their crimes; and thus they endeavored to "forsociety. These objects were so destitute of fidel-tify against him the ways of their destruction," or ity and honesty, so lazy and ignorant, that they were not capable of doing so much good as the dogs of his flock; and he would have disdained to employ them in the meanest services about his cattle. Their lives, wasted in wickedness, had left them debilitated and ignorant, debauched and infamous, in old age; and, being burdens and nuisances by their crimes, they were expelled from society in a most miserable manner. Incapable of obtaining an honest livelihood, and afraid of being punished for their past offences, they had fled into the most desolate parts of the wilderness; V. 15-19. Job again complained of terrors, and there miserably subsisted upon roots and which doubtless arose, in great measure, from herbs not fitted to sustain the life of man. For Satan's temptations. (Notes, 6:1-4. 7:13,14. Ps. they were driven away as thieves, and concealed 88:15-17.) These agitated and pursued his soul themselves in dens and caves from the search of like a tempest, and drove all his comfort away as pursuers; or among the weeds and bushes, where a cloud vanisheth: so that all his courage and resthey grew savage like the wild asses. Such worth-olution were destroyed, and his very soul poured less wretches, of whom Job's active magistracy out as if melted by the fire. (Marg. Ref. z.) For had rid the country, returned with their families affliction had so seized upon him that he was un

to secure themselves from punishment in their abandoned courses. By these methods they mar red, or vilified, his path, and helped forward his calamity, exciting his friends to treat him as a hypocrite: and "no helper unto them;" that is, they had no need of help from Job's former friends, being already sufficiently daring and ingenious in their malice. For they came upon him as a torrent of waters, which bursts the banks, and rolls on with rapid desolation. (Notes, 2 Sam. 22:5,6. Ps. 22:4-8. 69:1-4,10-12.)

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able to escape.
His bones and sinews also were
in such incessant anguish, that they seemed to be
pierced with a sword, and he could have no rest.
His sores defiled his garments, and so confined
him that he could not move without extreme pain.
He was as disgustful to the sight, through the ca-
lamity which God had inflicted, as if he had been
rolled in the mire: yea, he was become like dust
and ashes, before he was laid in the grave. (Notes,
2:7,8. 19:5-22. Ps. 38:1-10.)

V. 20-24. It added greatly to Job's distress, that he could obtain no answer to his prayers; and though he stood up to appeal to God, respecting his injured character, he was disregarded. He therefore rashly concluded that the Lord was become rigorous to him, even to a degree of cruelty; and used his power expressly to oppose and distress him: so that he, as it were, lifted him up into the air, to be the sport of conflicting winds, and to be driven from one misery to another; and his whole body was dissolving with excessive heat and debility, as if by the fire of the divine indignation; nay, he thought he might be sure, that God intended to pursue him to the grave with these extreme miseries. (Notes, Ps. 22:14,15.) But in that "house appointed for all living," he hoped to be at ease, and that the Lord would not stretch out his hand against him in, or beyond, the grave: though some would interpret his miserable death, as a token of his final destruction; and exult over him, upon the supposition that he was thus proved to be a wicked man: while others, by loud wailings, would perhaps deplore his deliverance from pain, as if it were destruction.

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31 My harp also is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of them that weep.

Heb. hard of day.

p 31:16-21. Ps. 12:1. Prov.
14:21,31. 17:5. 19:17. 28:8. Is.
58:7,8. Dan. 4:27. 2 Cor. 9:9.
q 3:25,26. 29:18. Jer. 8:15. 14:
19. 15:18. Mic. 1:12.

r 18:6,13. 23:17. Ps. 97:11. Is.
50:10.

s Ps. 22:4. Jer. 4:19. 31:20.
Lam. 1:20. 2:11.

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him. He was no longer fit for the society of men; but he was driven into solitude, or caused to associate with noxious and ominous creatures, like dragons or owls, as if they were his relatives and his friends. His skin was become black by the effect of his boils; his bones were burned with a fever; and his joyful praises, which he used to accompany with the harp or timbrel, were turned into doleful lamentations.

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS.

V. 1-14.

All earthly honor, prosperity, and comfort are precarious: and they build too low, who build beneath the skies.' But if a contrast, so affecting as this narrative exhibits, may be drawn, between the summit of earthly felicity, and the depth of earthly misery; how inconceivable must be the distance between eternal life and eternal punishment! And if the thoughts of former enjoyments greatly enhance the anguish of present sufferings; in what a wretched case will the wealthy, honored, and self-indulgent sinner be, when it shall be said to him, "Remember that thou in thy life-time receivedst thy good things!" (Notes, Luke 16:22-26.)-The vicious and debauched, who live in sloth and riot by fraud and rapine, hate those who attempt to make them labor and live honestly, or punish them for their crimes.-A few individuals prosper by iniquity, and live in splendor; but multitudes are by their vices reduced to the most extreme misery. They forfeit their characters, as well as ruin their circumstances and constitutions; every one suspects them, and becomes averse to em. V. 25-31. These events were the more ploy them; their lives are wasted in brutality, overwhelming to Job, because they were so con- fraud, and extravagance; and for the peace of trary to his expectation. He was conscious, society, they must be confined, destroyed, or however, and could appeal to God, that he had driven away, like ravenous beasts. In distant always sympathized with the afflicted, and re-regions, or desolate places, they drag on a miselieved the poor, and never oppressed them: and rable existence, without the comforts, and often on this ground he had hoped for much comfort, almost without the necessaries of life. Their at the very time when these dark and dreadful folly and their wickedness are alike great: their trials came upon him. This astonishing change present condition and future prospects are both so affected him, that he spent his time in mourn- deplorable. A Christian, indeed, must not dising, as one immured from the light of the sun: dain nor despair of any fellow-creature, nor renor could he help crying out in the bitterness of proach men for their poverty, nor indulge resenthis soul, even in the midst of those who condemned ment; and they who, through incapacity or the

CHAP. XXXI.

from above? and what inheritance of the

Job solemnly, before God, protests, that he was not guilty of Almighty from on high?

unchastity or dishonesty, 1-12; of unkindness to his servants, or to the poor, 13-22; of trusting in riches; of idolatry, revenge, neglect of hospitality, hypocrisy, or fear of man, 23

34. He appeals to God, and challenges his accusers to prove

their allegations, 35-40.

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MADE a a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

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3 Is not destruction to the wicked? a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity?

and

4 Doth not he see my ways, and count all my steps?

d 21:30. Ps. 55:23. 73:18. Prov. | f 14:16. 34:21. Gen. 16:13. 2
1:27. 10:29. 21:15. Matt. 7:13. Chr. 16:9. Ps. 44:21. 139:1-
Rom. 9:22. 1 Thes. 5:3. 2 3. Prov. 5:21. 15:3. Jer. 16:
Thes. 1:9. 2 Pet. 2:1.
17. 32:19. Heb. 4:13.

e Is. 28:21. Jude 7.

loaded us with infamy;-yet, while we retained a hope that death would terminate our sorrows, and bring us to a state of happiness, we might well mingle joy with our mourning, and thanksgiving with our lamentations. "No chastening, however, seemeth to be joyous, but grievous;" and unexpected afflictions are hardest to be endured. They will therefore mar our cheerful ness: but we should not yield to despondency, nor convert grounds of consolation into topics of discouragement. If none are disposed to pity us, as we have sympathized with others, our correcting God pities us, "even as a father pitieth his own children." But, as the grave is the house appointed for all living, let us look more to the things which are unseen and eternal. In that world, into which death will speedily remove us, the true believer, who has been the most afflicted, calumniated, and tempted, will take his golden harp, and most joyfully celebrate the praises of redeeming love. (Note, Rev. 7:13— 17.)

NOTES.

imbecility of old age, cannot work, have a right to be maintained by others: yet men may persevere in so base a conduct, that no wise man can employ, trust, or favor them; and whilst they continue in their vile practices, they are less entitled to regard, than the meanest of the inoffensive and useful brute creatures. There are numbers, who cannot, by any human wisdom or power, be preserved from present and future ruin: we may lament to see them dying with disease and in misery; but we cannot make them willing to be done good to: and in some scenes, it is equally surprising and afflicting to notice the multitudes which answer to this description. As, however, some of every sort may be rescued from ruin, it is our part to do what we can in the use of proper means; and to look to him, with whom all things are possible, for an effectual blessing. But they, who are themselves base and foolish, train up families of children of the same character, inured to vice, and fitted to be the nuisance of society. So that, except some method be devised to prevent the rising generations, one after another, from being corrupted, no CHAP. XXXI. V. 1-4. Job had been acextensive reformation can take place; and alas! cused of many crimes; and as his accusers could the sword of the magistrate will still find abun-not prove his guilt, so it would have been difficult dance of employment. These are they, who for him to prove his innocence: he was therefore take the lead in reviling, insulting, and opposing compelled, as it were, to answer upon oath; and the wise and pious reformer or the active magis- he solemnly appealed to God that he was not trate: as much as they dare, and as soon as au- guilty of the charges, which had been brought thority is at all relaxed, they give a loose to their against him. He adduced a variety of particu insolence: and if such as have rebuked or chas-lars, to obviate the suspicion of any secret iniquitised their crimes, fall into affliction; they shew ty having been committed by him: and he shewtheir enmity by every kind of indignity. But, ed that he acted upon principle in his whole coninstead of regretting it, we should rejoice if we duct. Indeed, it appears, from this protestation, are despised, reviled, and hated, only by wicked that he understood the spiritual nature of the dimen: and we should look "unto Jesus, who en-vine commandments, as reaching to the thoughts dured the contradiction of sinners against himself;" and against whom (as against Job,) the very abjects were gathered together, to insult, mock, and spit upon him. (Notes, Is. 50:5,6. 53: 2,3. Matt. 26:63-68. 27:27-31,39-44.) Considering who he was, and what we are, and how much lighter our sufferings are, than those which he endured, we may well be ashamed to complain of the insults and injuries which we experience.

V. 15-31.

When inward temptations unite with outward calamities, the soul often loses its firmness, is hurried on as in a tempest, and is filled with confusion. It then becomes difficult to speak, or complain, without seeming "to charge God foolishly," as if he dealt too rigorously with us, and were become our Enemy. But woe be to those, who have him for an Enemy! They will not only be brought with others to the grave, but to the bottomless pit of destruction. Compared with this "perdition of ungodly men," what are all outward, or even inward, temporal afflictions? If our whole bodies were filled with exquisite pain, and were rendered loathsome by disease; if we were shut up in a dungeon, driven from society, or thrown into the mire; if our friends were become cruel, and our enemies triumphant; if the Lord frowned, Satan tempted, and the world

and intents of the heart, far better, than almost any of those did, to whom the written law was delivered, and among whom it was preserved. (Notes, Rom. 7:9-14.)-He first appealed to God, that he had avoided all unchastity, and had kept to the original institution of marriage; and that he strictly inhibited his eyes from gazing upon any woman, however beautiful, to lust after her, though she were unmarried, or his inferior. (Notes, Ex. 20:14. Matt. 5:27,28.) He had cov enanted with them, that they should be confined to the beholding of the beauties of creation, and the examining of the works of God, and not be allowed to admit a licentious desire into his heart: and no doubt his imagination was equally forbidden to entertain the polluting thought, by which lust is conceived, and sin is produced. (Note, James 1:13-15.) For, however man might excuse these things, Job knew that God abhorred them: and if he were guilty of them, he could expect nothing from above, but destruction in another world; and perhaps some strange punishment in this life, such as befel the inhabitants of Sodom, which seems to be referred to: for God saw all his ways and marked his steps, though he might conceal them from man.-In this chapter and in the twenty-ninth, much more is contained of genuine purity and equity; of condescending, liberal, self-denying kindness to the

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