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EVERYTHING of literary interest or historic value written by Franklin between 1722 and 1750 is included in this volume. I have omitted a few essays which have appeared in previous editions ; some because they were not written by Franklin, and others because they are quite worthless. Thus the two papers “On Government” (Bigelow, I: 425) were written by George Webbe, who acknowledged the authorship in the columns of The Pennsylvania Gazette. The essays on "Public Men,” “Self Denial,” “The Usefulness of Mathematics,” “True Happiness," "On Discoveries,” “The Waste of Life," "The Causes of Earthquakes,” The Drinker's Dictionary," "A Case of Casuistry,” have been ascribed to Franklin on insufficient evidence, and are at any rate dull and trivial.

Their place has been taken in this volume by certain highly characteristic contributions made by Franklin to The Pennsylvania Gazette “A Witch Trial at Mount Holly," "An Apology for Printers," "How to protect Towns from Fire," "Shavers and Trimmers,” and “A Meditation on a Quart Mugg.” I have reprinted “The Dialogues on Virtue and Pleasure" because Franklin refers to them with satisfaction in his Autobiography. I have omitted his letter to Cadwallader Colden containing his conjecture as to the cause why ships in crossing the Atlantic have longer

Passages in sailing westward than in sailing eastward, because Franklin desired that the letter should not be reprinted. He discovered that his theory, which related to the diurnal motion of the earth, was quite untenable, and he so informed Jonathan Williams in a letter dated January 19, 1786.

The Prefaces to "Poor Richard's Almanac" are here for the first time reprinted in any collection of Franklin's works. All are included in this volume except those that relate to the making of wine, the appearance of the planets, and Middleton's account of life in the region of Hudson's Bay.

I have omitted the “Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity” (1726). The work has no value, and it would be an injury and an offence to the memory of Franklin to republish it. “My printing this pamphlet,” he declared, “was another erratum.Writing to his friend Vaughan he said, “There were only a hundred copies printed of which I gave a few to friends, and afterwards disliking the piece, as conceiving it might have an ill tendency, I burnt the rest except one copy.

The “Dogood Papers" are now for the first time reprinted since the youthful author consigned them to The New England Courant.

A. H. S.

CONTENTS

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3. The Dogood Papers. 1722 .

4. Editorial Preface to The New England Courant. February

II, 1723

5. To Sir Hans Sloane. June 2, 1725

6. Journal of a Voyage from London to Philadelphia. July 22-

October 11, 1726

7. To Miss Jane Franklin. January 6, 1727

8. Rules for a Club established for Mutual Improvement. 1728

9. Articles of Belief and Acts of Religion. 1728

10. The Busy-body. February 4-March 27, 1729

II. A Modest Enquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper

Currency. April 3, 1729

12. Preface to The Pennsylvania Gazette. October 2, 1729

13. Dialogues concerning Virtue and Pleasure. June 23, and

July 9, 1730

14. A Witch Trial at Mount Holly. October 22, 1730

15. An Apology for Printers. June 10, 1731

16. To Mrs. Jane Mecom. June 19, 1731 .

17. Letter from Anthony Afterwit. July 10, 1732

18. Letter from Celia Single. July 24, 1732

19. Letter from Alice Addertongue. September 12, 1732

20.•Preface to Poor Richard, 1733. [October, 1732] .

21. A Meditation on a Quart Mugg. July 19, 1733

22.•Preface to Poor Richard, 1734. October 30, 1733

23. Preface to Poor Richard, 1735. October 30, 1734

224. Protection of Towns from Fire. February 4, 1735

25. •Preface to Poor Richard, 1736. [October, 1735] ·

26.•Preface to Poor Richard, 1737. [October, 1736] ·

27. Hints for those that would be Rich. [October, 1736] ·

28. •Preface to Poor Richard, 1738. [October, 1737] .

29. To Josiah Franklin. April 13, 1738

30. 'Preface to Poor Richard, 1739. [October, 1738]

31. A True Prognostication, for 1739. [October, 1738]

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213

214

216

218

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32. Preface to Poor Richard, 1740. October 7, 1739

33. Preface to Poor Richard, 1742. [October, 1741).

34. Rules of Health and Long Life. [October, 1741]

35. A Proposal for promoting Useful Knowledge among the

British Plantations in America. May 14, 1743

36. Shavers and Trimmers. June 23, and June 30, 1743
37. To William Strahan. July 10, 1743

38. To Mrs. Jane Mecom. July 28, 1743

39. Preface to Poor Richard, 1744. [October, 1743] .

40. To Cadwallader Colden. November 4, 1743

41. To William Strahan. February 12, 1744

42. Preface to Logan's Translation of “Cato Major.” February

29, 1744

43. An Account of the New-invented Pennsylvanian Fire-places.

November, 1744

44. To Cadwallader Colden. April 5, 1744

45. To William Strahan. July 4, 1744

46. To William Strahan. July 31, 1744

47. To Josiah and Abiah Franklin. September 6, 1744

1744

48. To John Franklin. March 10, 1745

49. To Cadwallader Colden. August 15, 1745

50. To James Read. August 17, 1745

51. To Cadwallader Colden. November 28, 1745

52. Preface to Poor Richard, 1746. [November, 1745]

53. To William Strahan. December 11, 1745

54. To William Strahan. December 22, 1745

55. To William Strahan. May 22, 1746

56. To William Strahan. September 25, 1746

57. Preface to Poor Richard, 1747. [October, 1746] .

58. To William Strahan. January 4, 1747 ·

59. To Peter Collinson. March 28, 1747

60. To Peter Collinson. July 11, 1747

61. To Jared Eliot. July 16, 1747

62. To William Strahan. July 29, 1747

63. To John Franklin. August 6, 1747

64. To Cadwallader Colden.

65. To Cadwallader Colden. August 6, 1747

66. To Peter Collinson. August 14, 1747 ·

67. To Peter Collinson. September 1, 1747

68. To Cadwallader Colden. October 1, 1747

246

276

278

280

281

283

284

289

290

294
296
296
297
297
299
301
302
302
310
315

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376

69. Preface to Poor Richard Improved, 1748. [October, 1747] 334

70. Plain Truth: or, Serious Considerations on the Present State

of the City of Philadelphia and Province of Pennsylvania.

By a Tradesman of Philadelphia. November 14, 1747 ·

71. To Cadwallader Colden. November 27, 1747

72. To William Strahan. November 28, 1747

73. To James Logan. December 4, 1747.

356

74. To Cadwallader Colden. January 27, 1748

357

75. To James Logan. January 27, 1748 .

359

76. To James Logan. January 30, 1748

77. To James Logan. April 6, 1748

361

78. To Cadwallader Colden. September 29, 1748

1748

79. To Peter Collinson. October 18, 1748

364

80. To William Strahan. October 19, 1748

365

81. To James Logan. October 30, 1748

367

82. To James Read. December 5, 1748

369

83. Advice to a Young Tradesman.

1748

370

84. To William Strahan. April 29, 1749 .

372

85. To William Strahan. July 3, 1749

86. To George Whitefield. July 6, 1749 ·

377

87. To Mrs. Abiah Franklin. September 7, 1749

378

88. To Mrs. Abiah Franklin. October 16, 1749

379

89. To William Strahan. October 23, 1749

380

90. Preface to Poor Richard Improved, 1750. [October, 1749] 381

91. To Jared Eliot.

, 1749

383

92. Proposals relating to the Education of Youth in Pensil-

vania.

, 1749

386

93. To Peter Collinson. April 29, 1749

396

94. To Peter Collinson.

1749

411

95. To Peter Collinson.

July 27, 1750

423

96. To Peter Collinson. July 29, 1750

426

297. Opinions and Conjectures, concerning the Properties and

Effects of the Electrical Matter. 1750 .

427

298. Additional Experiments. 1750.

454

99. To Peter Collinson. 1750 (?)

456

100. To Peter Collinson. 1750

460

101. Appendix : The Speech of Polly Baker

463

102. A Conjecture as to the Cause of the Heat of the Blood in

Health, and of the Cold and Hot Fits of some Fevers 468

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