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bliss shall be in blessing, without being filled and animated with the love of that Perfection, of which all earthly excellence is but the type and shadow, or without one thought of Him who set an example of self-immolation from the cradle to the grave—of that dear Son, the “express image of the Father," who came to introduce, and who died to establish the Law of Love, the law which shall prevail to all generations, until every knee shall bow to, and every tongue confess its supremacy. No, believe it not; as the night followeth the day, he who is perfectly actuated by the precept of the second commandment, will be moved, guided and controlled by the spirit of the first. The heart will love, we may reason and philosophise as we will, the heart must be filled; if self-love or a worldly spirit reign supreme, then is not the love of thy neighbour there. We must displace the old affections, before we can plant the new; before it can be animated with the noblest, highest, only legitimate object of entire and perfect love; and in proportion as the reign of unselfishness is advanced, will the love and “peace of God” rule in thy heart. “Then it is,” to use the words of an eloquent writer, " that thou throwest around thee that gracious radiance which Jesus means, when he bids thee to let thy light shine before men; then it is that thou preachest the Gospel, as the power of God unto salvation, more effectually than can be done by thy words. The only sign—the only means—the only end of earthly happiness, must be the Cross. The noblest of created beings is the self-denying, honest-hearted Christian.”
OUR STATE UNIVERSITIES.
Ar Athens and Oxford we have two State Seminaries, nobly endowed, in most respects admirably situated, and capable of becoming ornaments as well as most valuable aids to our State.
That at Athens possesses two townships of land, or fortysix thousand and eighty acres, which at an average of three dollars the acre would make a capital of one hundred and thirty-eight thousand dollars, giving an income, at six per cent., of more than eight thousand dollars each year. The present income being only about half of this sum, the land is rented, on an average, at a valuation of only one dollar and a half the acre. Much of the land is broken, comparatively
unproductive, and not to be rented at any rate; but much is well situated, excellent wheat land, and worth from eight to twenty dollars for common farming purposes. In addition to their agricultural produce, coal and salt are found in the University townships. The Athens Institution ought therefore to have an income of at least eight thousand dollars; probably if the lands were now revalued, they would yield twelve, and fifty years hence, twenty-five thousand. The original leases, retained the power of revaluation each fifty years, (if we remember right,) but this power as was thought was taken away by an after act of the Legislature; the legal effect of this act has never been determined we believe in court. . The Oxford University possesses only half as much land as that at Athens, but its value is fully equal, being all of good soil, and well situated, so that its income should be as much as from eight to twelve thousand dollars, if not more. Its receipts from the endowment are, we believe, not more than forty-five hundred dollars; and as its leases were perpetual, and as to revaluation in the same condition as those at Athens, (as we learn,) it is doubtful whether its present income will increase. So that these two Universities, which should have enough to buy books, cabinets, apparatus, &c., to any useful extent, are, there is reason to fear, tied down forever to four thousand, five hundred dollars; though fully entitled by the middle of this century to treble these sums at least. This is but one of the many cases in which our Legislature has most grossly misused the endowments for education in this state. The Common School lands have been much worse dealt with.
The “Ohio University” at Athens is beautifully placed upon a gentle hill overlooking the valley of the Hocking, which, bending around the hill, is seen in three directions from the College buildings. These are three in number; all of brick. The central building stands rather higher than the others, and though of no great beauty, is in better taste than most Colleges, and is helped in appearance by a very pretty cupola. It is occupied in part by sleeping rooms, in part by recitation rooms. The side buildings are chiefly occupied by dormitories: Until the reorganization of the College a year since un, der President McGuffey, not only the grounds about the buildings, but the buildings themselves were, we are told, in a sad state. That efficient officer has changed the face of things. A Common, which surrounded the Colleges, has been enclosed, cleared of its rubbish, laid down in grass which is kept close shaven, and planted with trees. The central building has been surrounded by a terrace, with flower borders, and all that can give an air of neatness and taste. Within, the
entries have been turned into music and drawing rooms, a Chapel, &c.; the recitation rooms are fitted with excellent seats and desks, lamp-stands, and other conveniencies; and throughout is visible an appearance of progress, order, care, and constant attention. So much for externals. In regard to studies, from an attendance upon the examinations during two days, we should think them thorough, well arranged, and so taught as to be truly learned: the following list of studies we take from the Catalogue;
9 A. M. Greek. Græca Majora, vol. Ist,
2 P. M. Mathematics; Algebra,
6 A. M. Elocution and Composition,
Monday 3 P. M. Summer Term. Latin. Livy,
9 A. M. Greek. Græca Majora, vol. 1st,
• 2 P. M. Mathematics. Geometry, Plane and Spherical
6 A. M. Trigonometry and Mensuration, Elocution and Composition,
Monday 3 P. M. SOPHOMORE YEAR.
Winter Term. Latin. Horace; Satires and Epistles, tri-weekly, 6 A. M. Greek. Græca Majora, vol. 1st, tri-weekly, 6 A. M. Mathematics; Descriptive Geometry, Shades and
9 A. M. Shadows, Linear Perspective and Surveying, Rhetoric. Blair,
2 P. M. Elocution and Composition, Wednesday
3 P. M. Summer Term. Latin. Tacitus,
tri-weekly, 6 A. M. Greek. Græca Majora, vol. 2d, tri-weekly, 6 A. M.
Mathematics; Avalitical clienmetry, embracing 4 P. M.
Conic Sections, Botany,
tri-weekly, 9 A. M. Logic,
twice a week, 9 A. M. Criticism and composition,
Wednesday 3 P. M. JUNIOR YEAR.
Winter Term. Latin. Terence,
tri-weekly, 6 A. M. Greek. Græca Majora, vol. 2d, tri-weekly, 6 A. M. Mathematics. Differential and Integral Calculus, 4 P. M. Natural Philosophy and Chemistry,
10 A. M. English Literature and Composition, Friday 3 P. M.
Summer Term. Latin. Cicero de Oratore,
tri-weekly 6 A. M. Greek Græca Majora, vol 2d,
tri-weekly 6 A. M. Analytic Mechanics,
9 A. M. Mental Science,
4 P. M. English Literature and Composition, Friday, 3 P. M.
Winter Term. Astronomy and Natural History,
6 A. M. Moral Science,
9 A. M. Political Economy,
tri-weekly, 4 P. M. English Philology and Classics, twice a week, 4 P. M.
Summer Term. Mental and Moral Science reviewed,
9 A. M. Mineralogy and Geology,
11 A. M. National and Constitutional Law, tri-weekly, 4 P. M. English Philology and Classics, twice a week, 4 P. M. General Review.
In each study the recitations and lectures are daily, unless otherwise indicated.
It will be seen from the above plan, that there are three regular recitations of each class daily, and on one day of each week four. Each recitation lasts an hour. The students recite every day throughout the year, (Sundays included,) at 6 o'clock A. M.
A merit roll is kept by the Instructor, on which is noted the value of each recitation, and the result at the close of each week is entered upon a permanent record, and publicly announced in the Chapel.
Instruction is given to voluntary classes in Hebrew in the winter, and in the German and French in the summer.
Vocal Music and Drawing are taught to voluntary classes at an extra charge.
Students may, under the control of the Faculty, pursue such studies of the term as may be selected by their parents or guardians, in connexion with the classes regularly pursuing those studies. But no student may, without express permission of the Faculty, have more or fewer than three recitations daily, and none will be permitted to graduate who have not gone through the whole of the regular course.
COURSE OF STUDY FOR RESIDENT GRADUATES. Resident Graduates are entitled to pursue any studies of the course in connexion with the regular classes, gratuitously. Instruction will also be given them in advanced branches by the different Professors, as may be found desirable.
SABBATH-DAY INSTRUCTION. All the students are required to recite a Bible lesson on the Sabbath at 6 o'clock A. N., and to attend divine service in the Chapel at 3 o'clock P. M.
The Professors are as follows:
Rev. Wm. H. McGUFFEY, L. L. D., President, and Professor of Mental and Moral Science.
DANIEL Read, A. M., Vice-President, and Professor of the Latin Language and of Political Economy..
Rev. Alfred Ryors, A. M., Professor of Mathematics and Mechanical Philosophy.
Rev. FREDERICK MERRICK, A. M. Professor of Chemistry and Natural History.
Rev. Elisha BALLANTINE, A. M., Professor of the Greek and Hebrew Languages and Literature.
Rev. WELLS ANDREWS, A. M., Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature.
James B. ANDERSON, Instructor in Vocal Music.
The number of students in the preparatory department and College, was, at the close of the late session, 143; an increase of fifty per cent. or more on the year previous.
There is but one difficulty about Athens, the difficulty of access; no stage goes near it, and roads are rough in all directions. This will be removed when the canal is finished through the valley of the Hocking. Meantime the easiest route is from Galliopolis. The town, containing about a thousand inhabitants, is pleasant and healthy; the neighborhood well calculated for exercise, and the temptations to dissipation very few.
“ The Miami University” at Oxford is even more beautifully situated than that at Athens, overlooking a most lovely country. The main building is massive, but as ugly as man ever built, and what is worse, in a state of dilapidation that is lamentable. The plaster has fallen from the ceilings of the halls and chambers; the Chapel looks as if not meant for occupation; the recitation rooms are enough to strike dismay into a stout heart; while around the building the long grass lies uncut, and the door-step is still a mere log. Whether all this is owing to the somewhat disorganized state of the Col