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SUMMARY OF AREAS OF MILITARY RESERVATIONS SO FAR AS KNOWN OR ESTIMATED.

Acres.

6,061, 64 197, 052. 67

273.77 21, 461.69 79,976,00 985, 339,08 13,045, 13 9, 178,05

Alabama and Mississippi.
Arizona.
Arkansas
California
Colorado..
Dakota, (including part of Fort Buford, in Montana)
Florida
Halo..
Illinois, (Fort Armstrong, area not known.)
Kepsas..
Louisiana
Michigan
Minnesota, (exclusive of Fort Snelling)
Missouri
Montana.
Nebraska
New Mexico, (exclusive of Fort Butler)..
Nevada
Oregon
Utah
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming

92, 910.92 1,311. 20 9,347.78

7.32

54.70 830, 956.64

66, 366,60 218,0-6,51 22, 193,33

4,577.80 125, 599. 17 25, 416.00

1,046. 10 210,251. 64

Total .....

2,920,580, 46

DIGEST

OF

INDIAN TREATIES AFFECTING TITLES TO THE PUBLIC LANDS.

[The dates prefixed are those of the proclamation of the treaties; where the date of conclusion,

ratification, or approval is given, it is indicated in foot-notes.) Allied tribes in Washington Territory.

(See WASHINGTON TERRITORY.) Apaches. 1854, Feb. 12.-Apaches, Comanches, and Kiowas. Acknowledgment of right

of U. S. to lay off and mark out roads, to locate depots, and establish military

and other posts within territory inhabited by tribes.-Vol. 10, p. 1013. 1866, May 26.–Apaches, Cheyennes, and Arapahoes recognized by U. S. as con

federated tribes; former treaties to be binding upon U. S. and confederated

tribes.--Vol. 14, p. 713. 1868, Aug. 25.— Apaches confederated with Kiowas and Comanches; to observe

stipulations of original treaty; to surrender certain rights vested in them by

former treaty.–Vol. 15, p. 589. Appalachicolas. 1833, Feb. 13.-— Reservation set apart for Indians by treaty proclaimed Jan. 2,

1824 (vol. 7, p. 224) relinquished to U. S.; band agrees to remove to lands

west of Mississippi River.-Vol. 7, p. 377. 1834, April 12.- Lands in Florida relinquished to U. S.; other lands granted by

U. S. in lieu.-Vol. 7, p. 427. (See FLORIDA INDIANS.) Arapahoes. 1861, Dec. 5.— Arapahoes and Cheyennes (of the Upper Arkansas River). Cession

of lands to U. S.; reservation for Indians; reservation to be surveyed, and tracts assigned in severalty to each member of tribes; certificates to issue to assignees; tracts not to be alienated except to U. S. or to other members of tribes, and to be exempt from taxation, levy, &c., until otherwise provided by Congress; donation of lands to Robert Bent and Jack Smith, half-breeds;

right of way for roads, &c., through reservation.-Vol. 12, p. 1163. 66, May 26.-Ar hoes, Apaches, and heyennes rec ed by U. S. as con

federated tribes; former treaties to be binding upon U. S. and confederated

tribes.– Vol. 14, p. 713. 1867, Feb. 2.-Arapahoes and Cheyennes. Reservation set apart for Indians;

claims to otber lands relinquished; U. S. may construct roads through reservation ; grant of 640 acres of land to certain persons ; lands granted to cer

tain chiefs and warriors of bands; former treaties abrogated.– Vol. 14, p. 703. 1868, Aug. 19.— Arapahoes and Cheyennes. Reservation for Indians; heads of

families and single persons may select tracts for farming; selections to be recorded in “and-book” and certificates to issue; President may order survey of reservation and Congress may fix character of title of persons making se. lections; lands outside of reservation relinquished to U. S.; no treaty for cession of any portion of reservation held in common to be valid unless executed and signed by three-fourths of all adult male Indians occupying or

interested in the same.-Vol. 15, p. 593. 1868, Aug. 25.— Northern Arapahoes and Northern Cheyennes. Reservation set

apart for Indians; territory outside relinquished to U. S; heads of families
and single persons may select tracts for farming; selections to be recorded
in "land-book” and certificates to issue ; President may at any time order
survey of reservation, and Congress may fix character of title beld by In-
dians making selections; no treaty for cession of any portion of reservation
held in common to be valid unless executed and signed by majority of adult
male Indians occupying or interested in the same.- Vol. 15, p. 655.
75 L 0–VOL II

1185

Bannacks. 1869, Feb. 24.-Bannacks and Eastern band of Shoshones. Reservation set a part

for use of; heads of families and others may select lands for farming; selections to be recorded and held so long as cultivated; no treaty for cession of reservation to be valid unless executed and signed by majority of adult

males occupying or interested in same.-Vol. 15, p. 673. 1874, Dec. 15.* - Agreement with, confirmed by act of Congress; cession of lands

to U. S.-Vol. 18, p. 291. Blackfeet band.

(See Sioux.) Blackfoot nation. 1856, April 25.—Blackfoot nation (consisting of Piegan, Blood, Blackfoot, and

Gros Ventres tribes), Flathead Nation consisting of Flathead, Upper Pend d'Oreille, and Kootenay tribes), and the Nez Percé tribe. Certain territory to belong to Blackfoot nation; U. S. may establish roads, military posts, &c.,

within countries claimed by Indians.- Vol. 11, p. 657. Blackfoot tribe.

(See BLACKFOOT NATION.) Black River band.

(See CHIPPEWAS.) Blood tribe.

(See BLACKFOOT NATION.) Bois Forte band.

(See CHIPPEWAS.) Broad Leaf, Sioux of the.

(See Sioux.) Brothertown Indians.

(See Six NatioNS OF NEW YORK.) Brule band.

(See Sioux.) Caddo Nation. 1836, Feb. 2.-Cession of lands to U. S; grant of lands to certain individuals

confirmed; one section of land reserved to Larkin Edwards.-Vol. 7, pp.

470, 472. Cahokia tribe.

(See KASKASKIAS.) Calapooias. 1855, March 30.-Calapooias and Umpquas. Cession of lands to U.S.; reservation

for Indians ; reservation may be surveyed into lots and assigned to individual members; patents may issue on certain conditions; roads may be constructed

through reservation.-Vol. 10, p. 1125. 1855, April 10.—Confederated bands residing in Willamette Valley : (Tualatin

band of Calapooias; Yam Hill band; Che-luk-i-ma-uke band; Chep-en-a-pho or Marysville band; Chem-a-pho or Muddy band; Che-lam-e-la or Long Tom band ; all of the Calapooias ; Mo-lal-la band of Mo-lal-las; Cala pooia band of Calapooias; Winnefelly and Mohawk bands; Tekopa band; Chafan band of the Calapooia tribe; Wah-la-la band of Tum-waters; Clack-a-mas tribe; Clow-we-wal-la, or Willamette Tum-water band; and the Santiam bands of Calapooias). Cession of land to U. S.; reservation to be allotted; may be surveyed into lots and assigned to individuals; patents to issue for lots, but to be revocable if lands are not tilled, &c.; right of way through reservation

allowed.-Vol. 10, p. 1143. Canada, Seven Nations of.

(See SEVEN NATIONS OF CANADA.) Capote tribe.

( See UTES.)

* Date of approval.

Cayugas.

(See Six NATIONS and Six NATIONS OF NEW YORK.) Cayuses. 1859, April 11.-Cayuses, Walla-Wallas, and Umatilla tribes in Washington and

Oregon Territories. Cession of lands to U. S.; reservation; allotments may be made to individual Indians, patents may issue and assignments may be

cancelled, &c.—Vol. 12, p. 945. Chafan band.

(See CALAPOOIAS.) Chastas. 1855, April 10.-(Quil-si-oton and Na-hel-ta bands of the Chasta tribe; Cow-nan

ti-co, Sa-cher-i-ton, and Na-al-ye bands of Scotous, and the Grave Creek band of Umpquas). Cession of lands to U. S. and removal to Tablo Rock reserve; reserve to be surveyed and divided into farms; patents to issue.-Vol. 10, p.

1122. Che-lam-e-la band.

(See CALAPOOIĄS.) Che-luk-i-ma-uke band.

(Sec CALAPOOIAS.) Chem-a-kum tribe.

(See S’KLALLAMS.) Chem-a-pho band.

(See CALAPOOIAS.) Chep-en-a-pho band.

(See CALAPOOIAS.) Cherokees.

1785, Nov. 28.*-Boundary of country of, defined.-Vol. 7, p. 18. 1792, Feb. 7.—Boundaries defined, and claims to certain lands relinquished to U.S.,

stipulation for a road.– Vol. 7, p. 39. 1794, Jan. 21.-Boundaries to be marked.-Vol. 7, p. 43. 1798, Oct. 2. *—Certain territory ceded to U. S.; Kentucky road through Indian

lands to be kept open and free.-Vol. 7, p. 62. 1824, May 17.—Tract of land between Cherokee nation and State of Georgia ceded

to U. S.-Vol. 7, p. 228. 1806, April 24.-Cession of land to U. S.; boundaries of Cherokee country defined ;

use of certain roads through Indian lands allowed to citizens of U. Š.-Vol. 7,

p. 93.

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1806, June 10.-Section of land ceded to U. S. for use of State of Tennessee ; ces

sion of island in the Tennessee River to U. S.; use of certain road granted to

citizens.-Vol. 7, p. 95. 1807, May 23.—Cession of territory to U.S.; claim to Long Island in Holston River

relinquished to U. S.; U. S. to settle claims to certain tracts in dispute between

Cherokees and Chickasaw8.-Vol. 7, p. 101. 1808, April 22.-Eastern limits of tract granted by treaty of January 7, 1806,

bounded.- Vol. 7, p. 103. 1816, April 8.t-Cession of territory to South Carolina.– Vol. 7, p. 138. 1816, April 8.t-Boundary line established; U. S. may open and use roads in Cher

okee country.-Vol. 7, p. 139. 1816, Dec. 30.-Boundaries defined ; cession and relinquishment of territory.-Vol.

7, p. 148. 1817, Dec. 26.–Cession of lands to U. S. in exchange for other lands; reservations

for heads of Indian families for life, with reversion in fee-simple to children;

certain reservations ceded to U. S.-Vol. 7, p. 156. 1819, March 10.- Cession of lands; grant of 640 acres of land in fee to certain mem

bers of the Cherokee nation ; boundary lines of reservation to be run; right to establish road through Cherokee country granted to agents of States of Tennessee and Georgia.—Vol.7, p. 195.

* Date of conclusion.

t Date of ratification,

Cherokees-Continued. 1824, May 17.---Tract of land between Cherokee nation and State of Georgia ceded

to U. S.- Vol. 7, p. 228. 1828, May 28.-Western boundary of Arkansas as defined ; seven million acres of

land west of Arkansas granted to Cherokees; Cherokees surrender all their lands in Arkansas to U. S.; certain tract of land to be reserved within Cher

okee country for benefit of U. S.-Vol. 7, p. 311. 1834, April 12.-Seven million acres of land granted to Cherokees in lieu of grant

made by preceding treaty, part of former grant falling within Creek selection; quit-claim to U.S. of former grant; this treaty to be supplementary to treaty

of 1828.–Vol. 7, p. 414. 1836, May 23.—Relinquishment to U. S. of all lands of Cherokees east of the Mis

sissippi; additional land west of Arkansas conveyed to Cherokee nation to be included with former grant in one patent; title of Osage Indians to lands within Cherokee country to be extinguished by U. S.; lands to be permanently ceded to the nation; Cherokees in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama not wishing to remove west of Mississippi to have pre-emption right to 160 acres of land; claims to reservations under former treaties to be finally set

tled; former treaties not superseded or annulled to be in force.-Vol. 7, p. 478. 1836, May 23.—Supplementary articles to treaty of 1836; pre-emption right onder

former treaty relinquished.-Vol. 7, p. 488. 1846, Aug. 17.-Lande occupied by Cherokee nation to be secured to whole people

and patent to be issued for same; “Western Cherokees" release to U.S. claim to lands east of Mississippi and to exclusive ownership of lands ceded by

treaty of 1833 west of Mississippi.-Vol. 9, p. 871. 1866, Aug. 11:-Lands granted for educational purposes, &c.; certain lands ceded

to U. S. in trust to be sold by Secretary of Interior to highest bidder; lands in Arkansas and States east of Mississippi owned by Cherokees may be sold by them; provision for beads of families residing on lands ceded or to be

sold.—Vol. 14, p. 799. 1868, June 10.--Contract by Secretary of the Interior with American Emigrant

Company for the sale of “Cherokee neutral lands” in Kansas assigned to
James F. Joy, and former contract with Joy to be canceled; contract as-

signed to Joy modified.-Vol. 16, p. 727. Cheyennes 1861, Dec. 5.-Arapahoes and Cheyennes (of the Upper Arkansas River). Cession

of lands to U. S.; reservation for Indians; reservation to be surveyed and tracts assigned in severalty to each member of tribes; certificates to issue to assignees; tracts not to be alienated except to U. S., or to other members of said tribes, and to be exempt from taxation, levy, &c., until otherwise provided by Congress; donation of lands to Robert Bent and Jack Smith, half

breeds; right of way for roads, &c., through reservation.-Vol. 12, p. 1163. 1866, May 26.–Cheyennes, Apaches, and Arapahoes. Recognized by U. S. as con

federated tribes; former treaties to be binding upon U. S. and confederated

tribes.--Vol. 14, p. 713. 1867, Feb. 2.-Cheyennes and Arapahoes. Allotment of reservation; claims to

other lands relinquished; patent for 640 acres of land to issue to certain

chiefs; all former treaties abrogated.--Vol. 14, p. 703. 1868, Aug. 19.—Cheyennes and Arapahoes. Reservation for; individual Indianse

may select land for cultivation; to be held as long as cultivated; lands outside of reservation relinquished to U. S.; cession of reservation not to be valid unless by consent of three-fourths of adult male Indians.—Vol. 15, p.

593. 1868, Aug. 25.— Northern Cheyenves and Northern Arapahoes. Lands set apart

for reservation and surrender of excluded territory; heads of families and others may select lands for cultivation, to be recorded, &c.; no treaty for ces. sion of any portion of reservation to be valid except by consent of majority

of adult males occupying or interested in same.-Vol. 15, p. 655. Chickasaw nation.

1786, Jan. 10.-Boundaries of country of, defined.--Vol. 7, p. 24. 1802, May 4.–Right to lay out road, &c., through lands of, granted to U.S.-Vol. 7,

P. 05.

1807, May 23.—Territory ceded to U. S.-Vol. 7, p. 89. 1816, Dec. 30.-Cession of lands to U.S.; certain tracts reserved to the Chickasaw

nation so long as cultivated or used.-Vol. 7, p. 150.

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