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entertain the reader, and may prove to be suggestive.
A few of the following pages have already seen the light in various publications, although they now stand in their places without any acknowledgment of a previous appearance. They are so few in number, and, having been rewritten, are so altered in form, that it would have been difficult, and it seemed to be needless, to introduce them with the usual marks of quotation.
E. S. D.
Significance of the Title.- Originally applied to Poetry. Here to
Criticism.—The Gay Science the Science of Pleasure.-Objections to Pleasure as the aim of Art.-Cursory view of Pleasure which may soften those objections
Criticism in its widest sense does not contain within itself the notion
of a Special Science.-Criticism, strictly so called, is not yet a Science. What the world thinks of Critics and Criticism.What Critics think of each other.—Summary of the forms of Criticism.-(1) Editorial Criticism, how unsatisfactory.-An example of it in Shakespearian Criticism.-Its worth estimated by Steevens.—Another example of it in Classical Criticism.Porson's preface to the Hecuba.-Elmsley.-(2) Biographical Criticism—the advantages of it.—But how far from ScienceAnd how apt to become parasitical.—(3) Historical Criticism, How far from Science, and how limited in its view.—The intellectual Flora not studied as a whole.—Comparative Criticism.The problem of Criticism too rarely attempted.-(4) Systematic or Scientific Criticism in ancient times, as represented by Aristotle; in modern times devoted to questions of Language.Example of what the moderns chiefly understand by a system of Criticism.—Mr. Ruskin's summary of modern Criticism as grammar.—The systematic Criticism of Germany—The defect, as in Hegel and Schelling.-Suggestion of a middle course between the Criticism of Germany and that of the Renaissance.—Method and value of the most recent Criticism.—The despair of system and want of concert. Ulrici. — French Criticism.-Glaring example of the impotence of Criticism.—Prize designs a failure. -Why is the Prize System a failure in England, when we know that in Greece it was successful ?—The explanation to be found in the weakness of Criticism.—The standard of Judgment.Influence of School in Greece.-Influence of School in France. -A hopeful sign of our Criticism that it has become ashamed of itself.–Summary of the Chapter.-Why Criticism is not a Science.-Failure of method.—What is involved in the new method of Comparative Criticism—The comparison threefold. -In what groove of Comparative Criticism the present work will for the first part run.-Nothing so much wanted as a correct Psychology.-On the dulness of Psychology-But that dulness is not necessary.—The subject really as interesting as Romance ..
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THE DESPAIR OF A SCIENCE.
The despair of Critical Science not surprising.—What we set before
us as the object of Science.-Antithesis between the works of
too recent to be accused of fruitlessness.—(2) The despair
THE CORNER STONE.
Object of this chapter to prove a truism.-Truisms sometimes
require demonstration.—A science of Criticism implies that
- The fact remains that the doctrine of Pleasure is not allowed
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THE AGREEMENT OF THE CRITICS.
Survey of the schools of Criticism-their divisions.-All the schools
teach one doctrine as to the end of Art.-I. The Greek school of