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clerks shall have power to administer the oath or affir- | in forming a law for themselves; but it is not mation to each other; and the said judges shall open now necessary to consider that matter, as it is to said election at 10 o'clock a.m., at the place designated be hoped that Congress will not leave them to in each precinct by the executive committee of Kansas such a necessity. Territory, and close the same at 4 o'clock p. m. In case any of the oflicers appointed fail to attend, the officer or Thus far, this effort of the people for redress is officers in attendance shall supply their places. And peaceful, constitutional, and right. Whether it the said judges shall make out duplicate returns of said will succeed, rests with Congress to determine; election: seal up and transmit one copy ef the same but clear it is that it should not be met and dewithin five days to the chairman of the executive nounced as revolutionary, rebellious, insurreccommittee to be laid before the convention, and they tionary, or unlawful, nor does it call for or justify shall within ten days seal up and hand the other to the exercise of any force by any department of some member of the said executive committtee. If at the time of holding said election it shall be inconveni- | this government to check or control it. ent on account of lodian hostilities, or any other cause

It now becomes proper to inquire what should whatever, that would disturb or prevent the voters be done by Congress; for we are informed by of any election-precinct in the Territory from the free the President, in substance, that he has no power and peaceable exercise of the elective franchise, the to correct a usurpation, and that the laws, even officers are hereby authorized to adjourn said election though made by usurped authority, must be by into any other precinct in the Territory, and to any him enforced and executed, even with military other day they may see proper, of the necessity of which they shall be the exclusive judges, at which force. The measures of redress should be ap. time and place the qualified voters may cast their plied to the true cause of the difficulty. This

obviously lies in the repeal of the clause for free

dom in the act of 1820, and therefore the true QUALIFICATION OF VOTERS, ETC. “All white male inhabitants, citizens of the United remedy lies in the entire repeal of the act of 1854, &tates, or who have declared their intentions, before which effected it. Let this be done with frank the proper authorities, to become such, above the age ness and magnanimity, and Kansas be organized of twenty-one

years, who have had a bona fide resi- anew, as a Free Territory, and all will be put dence in the Territory for the space of thirty days right. immediately preceding the day of the said election, But, if Congress insist on proceeding with the tion; and all white male inhabitants, citizens of the spurious, foreign legislative assembly utterly inshall be entitled to vote for delegates to said conven- experiment, then declare all the action by this United States, above the age of twenty-one years, who have had a bona fide residence in the territory of Kan- operative and void, and direct a reorganization, sas for the space of three months immediately pre- providing proper safeguard for legal voting and ceding the day of election, shall be eligible as dele against foreign force. gates to said convention.

There is, however, another way to put an end

to all this trouble there, and in the nation, with. “ APPORTIONMENT.

out retracing steps or continuing violence, or by " The apportionment of delegates to said convention force compelling obedience to tyrannical laws shall be as follows: Two delegates for each represent made by foreign force; and that is, by admitting ative to which the people were entitled in the

legis: that Territory as a State, with her free constitulative assembly, by proclamation of Governor Reeder tion. True, indeed, her numbers are not such as of date March 10. 1855.

" It is confidently believed that the people of Kan- gives her a right to demand admission, being, as sas are fully alive to the importance of the step they the President informs us, probably only about are about to take in disenthralling themselves from the twenty-five thousand. The Constitution fixes no slavery which is now lettering them; and the squat number as necessary, and the importance of now ters of Kursus are earnestly requested to be at their settling this question may well justify Congress Beveral polls on the day above designated. there be no illegal votes cast, and that every ballot re.

in admitting this as a State, at this time, especi. ceived be in accordance with your choice for

delegate ally as we have good reason to believe that, if to the constitutional convention, and have all the admitted as a State, and controversy ended, it regulations and restrictions carried out.

will immediately fill up with a numerous and * The plan proposed in the proclamation, to govern successful population. you in the election, has been adopted after mature deliberation, and, if adhered to by you, will result in Congress is to leave that people without redress,

At any rate, it seems impossible to believe that establishing in Kansas an independent governmeut that to have

enforced upon them by the army of the will be admitted into our beloved Union as a sovereign State, securing to our people the liberty they have nation these measures and laws of violence and heretofore enjoyed, and which has been so rutůlessly oppression. Are they to be dragooned into subwrested from them by reckless invaders.

mission ? Is that an experiment pleasant to “ By order of the executive committee of Kansas execute on our own free people ? Territory,

The true character of this transaction is matter "J. H. LANE, Chairman. " J. K. GOODIN, Secretary."

of extensive notoriety. Its essential features are

too obvious to allow of any successful disguise Delegates were elected agreeably to the pro- or palliation, however complicated or ingenious clamation so issued, and they met at Topekā on may be the statements, or however special the the fourth Tuesday in October, 1855, and formed pleadings, for that purpose. The case requires a constitution, which was submitted to the peo- some quieting, kind, and prudent treatment by ple, and was ratified by them by vote in the dis. the hand of Congress to do justice and satisfy the tricts. An election of State officers and members nation. The people of this country are peacefulof the State legislature has been had, and a reply relying on Congress to provide the competent resentative to Congress elected, and it is intend measures of redress which they have the uned to proceed to the election of senators, with the doubted power to administer. view to present the same, with the constitution, The Attorney-General, in the case of Arkansas, to Congress for admission into the Union.

says: Congress may at pleasure repeal or Whatever views individuals may at times, or modify the laws passed by the territorial legislain meetings, have expressed, and whatever ulti- ture, and may at any time abrogate and remodel mate determination may have been entertained the legislature itself, and all the other departin the result of being spurned by Congress, and ments of the territorial government.” refused redress, is now entirely immaterial. Treating this grievance in Kansas with ingeThat cannot condemn or give character to the nious excuses, with neglect or contempt, or riding proceedings thus far pursued.

over the oppressed with an army, and dragooning Many may have honestly believed usurpation them into submission, will make no satisfactory could inake no law, and that if Congress made termination. Party success may at times be no further provisions they were well justified temporarily secured by adroit devices, plausible pretenses, and partisan address; but the perma- | or shall refuse to attend on said Committee, and nent preservation of this Union can be maintain to give evidence, when summoned for that pured only by frankness and integrity. Justice may pose, or shall refuse to produce any paper, book, be denied where it ought to be granted; power public record, or proceeding, in their possession may perpetuate that vassalage which violence or control, to said Committee, when so required, and usurpation have produced ; the subjugation or shall make any disturbance where said Com of white freemen may be necessary, that African mittee is (are) holding their sittings, said CommitSlavery may succeed; but such a course must tee may, if they see fit, cause any such person to not be expected to produce peace and satisfaction be arrested by said assistant sergeant-at-arms, in our country, so long as the people retain any and brought before this House, to be dealt with proper sentiment of justice, liberty, and law. as for contempt.

J. COLLAMER.

Resolved further, That, for the purpose of defraying the expenses of said Commission, there

be, and hereby is, appropriated the sum of ten It is not possible, within the limits pre- thousand dollars, to be paid out of the contingent

fund of this House. scribed for this volume, to give a full ac

Resolved further, That the President of the count of the debates and proceedings in the United States be, and is hereby, requested to present Congress with relation to Kansas. furnish to said Committee, should they be met Suffice it that, on the 19th of March, the with any serious opposition by bodies of lawless House was brought to a vote on the propo- such aid from any military force as may at the

men in the discharge of their duties aforesaid, sition of the Committee of Elections, to time be convenient to them, as may be necessary empower said Committee to send to Kansas to remove such opposition, and enable said Com. for persons and papers, modified, on motion mittee, without molestation, to proceed with their

labors. of Mr. Dunn of Indiana, with the assent of

Resolved further, That when said Committee said Committee, so as to read as follows:

shall have completed said investigation, they Resolved, That a Committee of three of the report all the evidence so collected to this House. members of this House, to be appointed by the This proposition the House adopted-Speaker, shall proceed to inquire into and collect Yeas 101 ; Nays 93—as follows : evidence in regard to the troubles in Kansas generally, and particularly in regard to any fraud

YEAS-For the proposed Investigation: or force attempted or practiced in reference to any of the elections which have taken place in MAINE-Samuel P. Benson, Ebenezer Knowl. said Territory, either under the law organizing ton, Israel Washburn, Jr.-3. said Territory, or under any pretended law which NEW-HAMPSHIRE-Aaron H. Cragin, James may be alleged to have taken effect there since. Pike-2. That they shall fully investigate and take proof MASSACHUSETTS-James Buffinton, Anson of all violent and tumultuous proceedings in said Burlingame, Calvin C. Chaffee, Linus B. Comins, Territory, at any time since the passage of the William S. Damrell, Timothy Davis, Robert Kansas-Nebraska act, whether engaged in by B. Hall, Chauncey L. Knapp, Mark Trafton the residents of said Territory, or by any person -9. or persons from elsewhere going into said Terri- Rhode Island-Nathaniel B. Durfee-1. tory, and doing, or encouraging others to do, any CONNECTICUT-Ezra Clark, Jr., Sidney Dean, act of violence or public disturbance against the William W. Welch, John Woodruff—4. laws of the United States, or the rights, peace, VERMONT-James Meacham, Justin S. Morand safety of the residents of said Territory; and, rill—2. for that purpose, said Committee shall have full NEW-YORK-Henry Bennett, Bayard Clarke, power to send for, and examine, and take copies Samuel Dickson, Edward Dodd, Francis S. Edof, all such papers, public records, and proceed wards, Thomas T. Flagler, William A. Gilbert, ings, as in their judgment will be useful in the Amos P. Granger, Solomon G. Haven, Thomas premises; and also, to send for persons and exam- R. Horton, Jonas A. Hughston, William H. Keline them on oath, or affirmation, as to matters sey, Rufus H. King, Orsamus B. Matteson, within their knowledge, touching the matters of Andrew Z. McCarty, Killian Miller, Edwin B. said investigation; and said Committee, by their Morgan, Ambrose S. Murray, Andrew Oliver, Chairman, shall have power to administer all John M. Parker, Benjamin Pringle, Russell necessary oaths or affirmations connected with Sage, George A. Simmons, Francis E. Spinner, their aforesaid duties.

James S. T. Stranalan, Abram WakemanResolved further, That said Committee may 26. hold their investigations at such places and times NEW-JERSEY—Isaiah D. Clawson, James as to them may seem advisable, and that they Bishop, George R. Robbins——3. have leave of absence from the duties of this PENNSYLVANIA-John Allison, David BARHouse until they shall have completed such in. CLAY, Samuel C. Bradshaw, James H. Campvestigation. That they be authorized to embell, John Covode, John Dick, John R. Edie, ploy one or more clerks, and one or more as- Galusha A. Grow, John HICKMAN, Jonathan sistant sergeants-at-arms, to aid them in their Knight, David Ritchie, Anthony É. Roberts, investigation ; and may administer to them an Job R. Tyson, Lemuel Todd—14. oath, or affirmation, faithfully to perform the 0-10--Edward Ball, Philemon Bliss, Lewis duties assigned to them, respectively, and to keep D. Campbell, Timothy C. Day, Jonas R. Emrie, secret all matters which may come to their know- Samuel Galloway, Joshua R. Giddings, Aaron ledge touching such investigation, as said Com- Harlan, John Scott Harrison, Valentine B. mittee may direct, until the Report of the same Horton, Benjamin F. Leiter, Oscar F. Moore, shall be submitted to this House; and said Com- Richard Mott, Matthias H. Nichols, William R. mittee may discharge any such clerk, or assistant Sapp, John Sherman, Edward Wade, Cooper K. sergeant-at-arms, for neglect of duty or disregard Watson-18. of instructions in the premises, and employ others INDIANA-Lucien Barbour, Samuel Brenton, under like regulations.

Schuyler Colfax, William Cumback, George G. Resolved further, That if any person shall, in Dunn, Daniel Mace, John U. Pettit, Harvey D. any manner, obstruet or hinder said Committee, Scott-8. or attempt to do so, in their said investigation ILLINOIS-James Knox, Jesso 0. Norton,

66

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2.

Elihu B. Washburne, James H. Woodworth— of Missouri, were appointed the Committee 4.

of Investigation thereby required. MICHIGAN-William A. Howard, David S. Walbridge, Henry Waldron–3.

These gentlemen proceeded to Kansas, Wisconsin-Charles Billinghurst, Cadwalla- and spent several weeks there in taking tesder C. Washburne-2.

timony as to the elections, etc., which had Iowa-Augustus C. Hall, James Thoring taken place in that Territory. The testiton-2. Total Yeas, 101.

mony thus taken forms a volume of nearly

twelve hundred large and closely-printed NAYS— Against the Investigation : pages, the substance of which was summed MAINE—Thomas J. D. Fuller-1.

up on their return by the majority (Messrs. OTHER New-ENGLAND STATES-None.

Howard and Sherman), in the following NEW-YORK-John Kelly, William W. Valk, John Wheeler, Thomas R. 'Whitney.-4.

REPORT ON THE OUTRAGES IN New-JERSEY-George Vail-1.

KANSAS.
PENNSYLVANIA -John Cadwalader, Thomas B.
Florence, J. Glancy Jones—3.

A journal of proceedings, including sundry comOh10-None. Wisconsin-None.

munications made to and by the Committee INDIANA-William H. English, Smith Miller The testimony also is herewith submitted ;

was kept, a copy of which is herewith submitted. MICHIGAN–George W. Peck-1.

copy of it has been made and arranged, not acILLINOIS-James C. Allen, Thomas L. Harris, cording

to the order in which it was taken, but so Samuel S. Marshall, William A. Richardson- tive history of events in the Territory, from its

as to present, as clearly as possible, a consecu. 4. CALIFORNIA–Philemon T. Herbert-1.

organization to the 19th day of March, A. D.

1856. Iowa-None.

Your Committee deem it their duty to state, as Total from Free States, 17.

briefly as possible, the principal facts proven be

fore them. When the act to organize the TerDELAWARE—None.

ritory of Kansas was passed on

day of MARYLAND—Thomas F. Bowie, Henry W. May, 1854,, the greater portion of its eastern bor. Davis, Henry W. Hoffman, J. Morrison Harder was included in Indian reservations not open ris, James B. Ricaud, James A. Stewart-6. for settlement, and there were but few white set

VIRGINIA—Thomas S. Bocock, John S. Car. tlers in any portion of the Territory. Its Indian lisle, John S. Caskie, Henry A. Edmundson, population was rapidly decreasing, while many Charles J. Faulkner, William 0. Goode, Zede emigrants from different parts of our country were kiah Kidwell, John Letcher, Fayette McMullen, anxiously waiting the extinction of the Indian John S. Millson, Paulus Powell, William Smith title, and the establishment of a Territorial Gov. -12.

ernment, to seek new homes in its fertile praiNORTH CAROLINA-Louis O'B. Branch, Thom- ries. It cannot be doubted that if its condition as L. Clingman, Burton Craige, Robert T. as a free Territory had been left undisturbed Paine, Thomas Ruffin, Warren Winslow-6. by Congress its settlement would have been

South Carolina-William Aiken, William rapid, peaceful, and prosperous. Its climate, W. Boyce, Preston S. Brooks, John McQueen, soil, and its easy access to the older settlements James L. Orr-5.

would have made it the favored course for the GEORGIA-Howell Cobb, Martin J. Crawford, tide of emigration constantly flowing to the West, John H. Lumpkin, James L. Seward, Alex. H. and by this time it would have been admitted Stephens, Robert P. Trippe, Hiram Warner into the Union as a Free State, without the least 7.

sectional excitement. If so organized, none but ALABAMA-W. R. W. Cobb, James F. Dow. the kindest feeling could have existed between it dell, Sampson W. Harris, George 8. Houston, and the adjoining State. Their mutual interests Eli 's. Shorter, William R.'Smith, Percy Walker and intercourse, instead of, as now, endangering -7.

the harmony of the Union, would have strengthMississippi-Hendley S. Bennett, William A. ened the ties of national brotherhood. The tesLake, John A. Quitman—3.

timony clearly shows, that before the proposition LOUISIANA-Thos. G. Davidson, George Eus to repeal the Missouri Compromise was introtis, Jr., John M. Sandidge, Miles Taylor-4.

duced into Congress, the people of western MisFLORIDA-Augustus E. Maxwell-1. souri appeared indifferent to the prohibition of Texas-Peter H. Bell, Lemuel D. Evans-2.

Slavery in the Territory, and neither asked nor KENTUCKY-Henry C. Burnett, John P. desired its repeal. Campbell, I.eander M. Cox, John M. Elliot,

When, however, the prohibition was removed Alex. K. Marshall, Humphrey Marshall, Samuel by the action of Congress, the aspect of affairs F. Swope, Albert G. Talbott, William L. Under entirely changed. The whole country was agiwood-9.

tated, by the reopening of a controversy which TENNESSEE—George W.Jones, Charles Ready, conservative men in different sections hoped had John H. Savage, Samuel A. Smith, William 7. been settled, in every State and Territory, by Sneed, Albert G. Watkins, Johny. Wright, some law beyond the danger of repeal. The exFelix K. Zollicoffer8.

citement which has always accompanied the MISSOURI-Samuel Caruthers, Luther M. discussion of the Slavery question was greatly inKennett, James J. Lindley, Mordecai Oliver, creased, by the hope on the one band of extendJohn S. Phelps, Gilchrist Porter-6.

ing Slavery into a region from which it had been ARKANSAS-None.

excluded by law, and on the other by a sense of [Fillmore men in Italics; Buchanan men voting of a national compact. This excitement was natu.

wrong done by what was regarded as a dishonor Yea in SMALL CAPITALS; Anti-Nebraska Yeas and rally transferred into the border counties of Buchanan Nays in Roman.]

Missouri and the Territory as settlers favoring So the resolution prevailed, and Messrs. free or Slave institutions moved into it. A new WILLIAM A. HOWARD of Michigan, John were put upon the organic law. It was contend

difficulty soon occurred. Different constructions SHERMAN of Ohio, and MORDECAI OLIVER ed by the one party that the right to hold Slaves

in the Territory existed, and that neither the peo- instrument in organizing the subsequent armed ple nor the Territorial Legislature could prohibit invasions and forays. In its Lodges in Missouri Slavery-that that power was alone possessed by the affairs of Kansas were discussed, the force the people when they were authorized to form a necessary to control the election was divided inState government. "It was contended that the to bands, and leaders selected, means were colremoval of the restriction virtually established lected, and signs and badges were agreed upon. Slavery in the Territory. This claim was urged While the great body of the actual settlers of the by many prominent nen in western Missouri, Territory were relying upon the rights secured who actively engaged in the affairs of the Terri- to them by the organic law, and had formed no tory. Every movement, of whatever character, organization or combination whatever even of a which tended to establish free institutions, was party character, this conspiracy against their regarded as an interference with their rights. rights was gathering strength in a neighboring

Within a few days after the organic law pass. State, and would have been sufficient at their first ed, and as soon as its passage could be known election to have overpowered them, if they had on the border, leading citizens of Missouri cross been united to a man. ed into the Territory, held squatter meetings and Your Committee had great difficulty in elicit. then returned to their homes. Among their reso- ing the proof of the details in regard to this secret lutions are the following:

society. One witness, member of the legislative “That we will afford protection to no Aholitionist as council, refused to answer questions in reference a settler of this Territory.”.

to it (2). Another declined to answer fally, be"That we recognize the institution of Slavery as al

cause to do so would result to his injury (3). ready existing in this Territory, and advise slave hold. Others could or would only answer as to the geneers to introduce their property as early as possible.” ral purposes of the Society, but sufficient is disSimilar resolutions were passed in various had in controlling the elections in the Territory.

closed in the testimony to show the influence it parts of the Territory, and by meetings in seve.

The first election was for a Delegate to Conral counties of Missouri. Thus the first effect gress. It was appointed for the 29th of Novemof the repeal of the restriction against Slavery ber, 1854. The Governor divided the Territory, was to substitute the resolves of squatter meet into seventeen Election-Districts; appointed ings, composed almost exclusively of citizens of Judges and prescribed proper rules for the eleca single state, for the deliberate action of Con- tion. In the Ist, IIId, Villth, IXth, Xth, XIIth, gress, acquiesced in for thirty-five years. This unlawful interference has been continued have been but little if any fraudulent voting.

XIIIth, and XVIIth Districts there appears to in every important event in the history of the

The election in the IId District was held at the Territory; every election has been controlled not village of Douglas, nearly fifty miles from the by the actual settlers, but by citizens of Mis- Missouri line. On the day before the election, souri, and as a consequence every officer in the large companies of men came into the district in Territory, from constables to legislators, except wagons and on horseback, and declared that they those appointed by the President, owe their posi- were from the State of Missouri, and were going tions to non-resident voters. None have been

to Douglas to vote. On the morning of the elected by the settlers, and your Coinmittee have election they gathered around the house where been unable to find that any political power the election was to be held. Two of the Judges whatever, however unimportant, has been exer- appointed by the Governor did not appear, and cised by the people of the Territory. In October, A. D. 1854, Gov. A. H. Reeder then voted. In order to make a pretense of

other Judges were elected by the crowd. All and the other officers appointed by the President right to vote, some persons of the company kept arrived in the Territory. Settlers from all parts a pretended register of squatter claims, on which of the country were moving in in great numbers, any one could enter his name and then assert he making their claims and building their cabins. had a claim in the Territory. A citizen of the About the same time, and before any election was district who was himself a candidate for Delegate or could be held in the Territory, a secret politi: to Congress, was told by one of the strangers, cal society was formed in the State of Missouri that he would be abused and probably killed if he (1). It was known by different names, such as challenged a vote (4). He was seized by the collar, Social Band," “ Friends' Society,' “Blue called a d-d Abolitionist, and was compelled to Lodge,” " The Sons of the South.” Its members seek protection in the room with the Judges. were bound together by secret oaths, and they About the time the polls were closed, these had passwords, signs, and grips by which they strangers mounted their horses and got into their were known to each other." Penalties were im. posed for violating the rules and secrets of the wagons and cried outOrder. Written minutes were kept of the pro. A number were recognized as residents of Mis

"All aboard for Westport and Kansas City." ceedings of the Lodges, and the different Lodges souri,

and among them was Samuel H. Woodson, were connected together by an effective organi a leading lawyer of Independence. Of those zation. It embraced great numbers of the citi- whose names are on the poll-books, 35 were resizens of Missouri, and was extended into other dent settlers and 226 were non-residents. Slave States and into the Territory. Its avowed

The election in the IVth District was held at purpose was not only to extend Slavery into Kan, Dr. Chapman's, over 40 miles from the Missouri sas, but also into other Territory of the United State line. It was a thinly-settled region, conStates, and to form a union of all the friends of tnining but 47 voters in February, 1855, when that institution. Its plan of operating was to or

the census was taken. On the day before the ganize and send men to vote at the elections in election, from 100 to 150 citizens of Cass and the Territory, to collect money to pay their ex. Jackson Counties, Mo., came into this district, penses, and, if necessary, to protect them in vot. declaring their purpose to vote, and that they ing. It also proposed to induce Pro-Slavery men

were bound to make Kansas á Slave State, if to emigrate into the Territory, to aid and sustain they did it at the point of the sword (5). Persons them while there, and to elect none to office but of the

party on the way drove each a stake in the those friendly to their views. This dangerous ground and called it a claim-and in one case society was controlled by men who avowed their several names were put on one stake. The par. purpose to extend Slavery into the Territory at all hazards, and was altogether the most effective ty of strangers camped all night near where the

(1) Jordan Davidson, J. C. Prince, John Scott, J. H. (2) W. P. Richardson. (3) 0. O. Prince. (4) Joha Stringfellow.

A. Wakefield. (5) Peter Bassinger.

name

election was to be held, and in the morning were

Nolan, whom he knew to reside in Jackat the election-polls and voted. One of their son County. Finally the thing was hushed up party got drunk, and to get rid of Dr. Chapman, as the witness had a good many friends there â judge of the election, they sent for him to come from that county, and it inight lead to a fight if and see a sick man, aud in his absence filled his he challenged any more votes. Both voted and place with another judge, who was not sworn, he then went down to their camp. He there saw They did not deny or conceal that they were re many of his old acquaintances whom he knew sidents of Missouri, and many of them were re- had voted at the election in August previous in cognized as such by others. They declared that Missouri, and who still resided in that State. they were bound to make Kansas a Slave State. By a careful comparison of the poll-lists with the They insisted upon their right to vote in the Ter-census rolls, we find but 12 names on the pollritory if they were in it one hour. After the elec- book who were voters when the census was tion they again returned to their homes in Mis- taken three months afterwards, and we are satsouri, camping over night on the way.

isfied that not more than 20 legal votes could We find upon the poll-books 161 names; of have been polled at that election. The only rethese not over 30 resided in the Territory, 131 were sidents who are known to have voted are named non-residents (6).

by the witness, and are 13 in number—thus But few settlers attended the election in the leaving 584 illegal votes cast in a remote disVth District, the District being large and the set-trict, where the settlers within many miles were tlement scattered. 82 votes were cast; of these acquainted with each other. between 20 and 30 were settlers (7), and the resi- The total number of wbite inhabitants in the due were citizens of Missouri. They passed into XIth District in the month of February, A. D. the Territory (8) by way of the Santa Fe road 1855, including men, women, and children, was and by the residence of Dr. Westfall, who then 36, of whom 24 were voters-yet the poll-lists in lived on the western line of Missouri (9). Some this District show that 245 votes were cast at little excitement arose at the polls as to the legal- this election. For reasons stated hereafter in ity of their voting, but they did vote for Gen. regard to the election on the 30th of March, your Whitfield, and said they intended to make Kan-Committee were unable to procure the attendsas a Slave State—and that they had claims in ance of witnesses from this District. From the the Territory. Judge Teazle, judge of the Court records it clearly appears that the votes cast in Jackson County, Missouri, was present, but could not have been by lawful resident voters. did not vote (9). He said he did not intend to The best test, in the absence of direct proof, by vote, but came to see that others voted. After which to ascertain the number of legal votes the election, the Missourians returned the way cast, is by a comparison of the census-roll with they came.

the poll-book-by which it appears that but 7 The election in the VIth District was held at resident settlers voted, and 238 votes were illeFort Scott, in the southeast part of the Terri- gally and fraudulently given. tory and near the Missouri fine. A party of The election in the XIVth District was held about one hundred men, from Cass and the coun- at the house of Benjamin Harding, a few miles ties in Missouri south of it, went into the Terri- from the town of St. Joseph, Missouri. Before tory, traveling about 45 miles, most of them the polls were opened, a large number of citi. with their wagons and tents, and camping out. zens of Buchanan County, Missouri, and anong They appeared at the place of election. Some them many of the leading citizens of St. Joseph, attempts were made to swear them, but two of were at the place of voting, and made a majorithe Judges were prevailed upon not to do so, and ty of the company present. At the time apnone were sworn, and as many as chose voted. pointed by the Governor for opening the polls, There were but few resident voters at the polls. two of the Judges were not there, and it became The settlement was sparse—about 25 actual set- the duty of the legal voters present to select tlers voted out of 105 votes cast, leaving 80 ille other Judges. The Judge who was present (13) gal votes (10). After the voting was over the suggested the name of Mr. Waterson as one of Missourians went to their wagons and commenced the Judges—but the crowd voted down the proleaving for home.

position. Some discussion then arosa as to the The most shameless fraud practiced upon the right of non-residents to vote for Judges, during rights of the settlers at this election was in the which Mr. Bryant was nominated and elected VIIth District. It is a remote settlement about by the crowd. Some one nominated Col. John 75 miles from the Missouri line, and contained in Scott as the other Judge, who was then and is February, A. D. 1855, three months afterwards, now a resident of St. Joseph. At that time ho when the census was taken, but 53 voters; and was the City Attorney of that place, and so conyet the poll-books show that 604 votes were cast. tinued until this Spring, but he claimed that the The election was held at the house of Frey Mc- night before he had come to the house of Mr. Gee, at a place called “ 110.". But few of the Bryant, and had engaged boarding for a month, actual settlers were present at the polls (11). A and considered himself a resident of Kansas on witness who formerly resided in Jackson County, that ground. The Judges appointed by the Mo., and was well acquainted with the citizens Governor refused to put the nomination of Col. of that county (12), says that he saw a great Scott to vote, because he was not a resident. many wagons and tents at the place of election, After some discussion, Judge Leonard, a citizen and many individuals ho knew from Jackson of Missouri, stepped forward and put the vote County. He was in their tents and conversed himself; and Mr. Scott was declared by him as with some of them, and they told him they had elected by the crowd, and served as a Judge of come with the intention of voting. He went to Election that day. After the election was over the polls intending to vote for Flennekin, and he returned to St. Joseph, and never since has his ticket being of a different color from the rest, resided in the Territory. It is manifest that this his vote was challenged by Frey McGee, who election of a non-resident lawyer as a Judge was had been appointed one of the Judges but did imposed upon the settlers by the citizens of the not serve. Lemuel Ralstone, a citizen of Mis State. When the board of Judges was thus souri, was acting in his place. The witness then completed, the voting proceeded, but the effect of challenged the vote of a young man by the the rule adopted by the Judges allowed many, if

not a majority of the non-residents, to vote. They (6) Thomas Hopkins, Rubin Hacket, Perry Fuller, claimed that their presence on the ground, esJohn F. Lucas. (7) James W. Wilson. (8) Dr. B. C. Westfall. (9) J. W. Wilson. (10) 8. O. Prince. (11) Matthias A. Reed. (12) Wm. F. Johnstone.

(13) Benjamin Harding.

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