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election, setting forth the facts, Mr. Burgess was the election, the polls for Bull Creek precinct indicted by the Grand Jury for perjury, which in. were opened, and, without swearing the Judges, dictment was found more than fifteen months ago, they proceeded to receive the votes of all who of. and is still pending, Mr. Burgess never having fered to vote. For the sake of appearance they been informed who his accuser was or what was would get some one to come to the window and the testimony against him (123). A large ma offer to vote, and when asked to be sworn he jority, four to one, of the actual settlers of that would pretend to grow angry at the Judges and distriot were Free State men (124), and there would go away, and his name would be put down cannot be the least doubt, if none but the as having offered to vote, but "rejected, refusactual settlers of the district had voted at that ing to be sworn." This arrangement was made election, that the Free State candidate would previously and perfectly understood by the have been elected. The number of legal votes Judges (138). But few of the residents of the in the district, according to the census returns, district were present at the election, and only was 101. The total number of votes cast was thirteen voted (139). The number of votes cast 372, and of these but thirty-two are on the re- in the precinct was 393. turns, and from the testimony and records, we One Missourian voted for himself and then are satisfied that not over forty legal votes were voted for his little son, but 10 or 11 years old cast at that election. A body of armed Missou- (140). Col. Coffer, Henry Younger and Mr. Ly. rians came into the district previous to the elec- kins, who were voted for and elected to the Lotion, and encamped there (125). Before the time gislature, were residents of Missouri at the time arrived for opening the polls, the Missourians (141). Col. Coffer subsequently married in the went to another than the town appointed for the Territory. After the polls were closed the reelection; and one of the Judges appointed by the turns were made, and a man, claiming to be a Guvernor, and two chosen by the Missourians, magistrate, certified on them that he had sworn proceeded to open the polls and carry on the the Judges of Election before opening the polls election (126). "The Missourians said none but (142). In the Potawatamie precinct the Missou. Pro-Slavery men should vote, and threatened to rians attended the election, and after threatening shoot any Free State man who should come up Mr. Chesnut, the only Judge present appointed to vote (127). Mr. Mockbee, one of the judges by the Governor, to induce him to resign, they elected by the Missourians, had a store near the proceeded to elect two other. Judges-one a boundary fixed by the proclamation of the Missourian and the other a resident of another Governor, while he cultivated a farm in Missouri, precinct of that District. The polls were then where his family lived (128), and where his legal opened, and all the Missourians were allowed to residence was then and is now. The Missourians vote without being sworn. also held a side-election for governor of the Terri- After the polls were closed, and the returns tory, voting for Thomas Johnson of Shawnee Mis- made out for the signature of the Judges, Mr. sion (129). The Free State men finding the polls Chesnut refused to sign them, as he did not conunder the control of the non-residents, refused to, sider them correct returns of legal voters. and did not, vote (130). They constituted a de- Col. Coffer, a resident of Missouri, but elected cided majority of the actual settlers (131). A to the Kansas Legislature from that District at petition signed by a majority of the residents of that election, endeavored with others to induce the district was sent to the Governor (132). The Mr. Chesnut by threats to sign the returns, whole number of voters in this district, accord- which he refused to do, and left the House. On ing to the census returns, was forty-seven; the his way home he was fired at by some Missounumber of votes cast was eighty, of whom but rians, though not injured (143). There were fifteen were residents, the number of residents three illegal to one legal vote given there that whose names are on the census-rolls, who did day (144). At the Big Layer precinct, the not vote, was thirty-two.

Judges appointed by the Governor met at the For some days prior to the election, compa- time appointed, and proceeded to open the polls, nies of men were organized in Jackson, Cass, and after being duly sworn. After a few votes had Clay counties, Mo., for the purpose of coming to been received, à party of Missourians came into the Territory and voting in this Vth district the yard of the house where the election was (133). The day previous to the election, some held, and, unloading a wagon filled with arms, 400 or 500 Missourians, armed with guns, pistols, stacked their guns in the yard, and came up to and knives, came into the Territory and camped, the window and demanded to be admitted to some at Bull Creek, and others at Potawatamie vote. Two of the Judges decided to receive their Creek (131.) Their camps were about sixteen miles votes, whereupon the third Judge, Mr. J. M. Arapart. On the evening before the election, Judge thur, 'resigned, and another was chosen in his Hamilton of the Cass County Court, Mo., came place. Col. Young, a citizen of Missouri, but a from the Potawatamie Creek camp to Bull Creek candidate for, and elected to, the Territorial Lefor sixty more Missourians, as they had not gislative Council, was present and voted in enough there to render the election certain, and the precinct. He claimed that ail Missourians about that number went down there with him (135). who were present on the day of election were On the evening before the election, Dr. B. C. entitled to vote. But thirty or forty of the citi. Westfall was elected to act as one of the Judges zens of the precinct were present, and many of of Election in the Bull Creek precinct, in place them did not vote (145). At the Little Sugar of one of the Judges appointed by the Governor, precinct, the election seened to have been conwho, it was said, would not be there the next day ducted fairly, and there a Free-State majority (136). Dr. Westfall was at that time a citizen of was polled (146). From the testimony, the whole Jackson county, Mo. (137). On the morning of District appears to have been largely Free State,

and had none but actual settlers voted, the Free.

State candidates would have been elected by a (123) H. B. Burgess. (124) H.

B. Burgess. large majority. From a careful examination of (125) Perry Fuller, Peter Bassinger: (126) Perry Ful- the testimony and the records, we find that from ler, Wm. Moore, J. F. Javens. (127) J. F. Javens. 200 to 225 legal votes were polled out of 885, (128) Wm. Moore, J. F. Javens, Thomas Mockbee. (129) Perry Fuller, William Moore. (130) Perry Ful ler, Wm. Moore, J. F. Javens, T. Mockbee. (131) Per- (138) Dr. B. C. Westfall. (139) J. W. Wilson. ry Fuller, Wm. Moore, J. F. Javens. (132) Perry Ful. (140) Dr. B. 0. Westfall, J. W. Wilson.

(141) Dr. ler, J. F. Javens. _(133) Dr. B. C. Westfall, Joseph M. B. 0. Westfall, J. M. Gearhart. (142) Dr. B. 0. Gearhart. (134) Dr. B. C. Westfall, Jessee W. Wilson, Westfall. (143) William Chestout. (144) William J. M. Gearhart. (135) Dr. B. C. Westfall. (136) Dr. Chestuut. (145) James M. Arthur. (146) S. W. B. C. Westfall. (137) Dr. B. Westfall, J. W. Wilson.


the total number given in the precincts of the | Lawrence, as they said they could be there beVth District. Of the legal votes cast, the Free fore night, and all went the way they came. State candidates received 152.

The census-list shows 53 legal voters in the Dis.

trict. 253 votes were cast; of these 25 were resiVItu DistriCr-Fort Scott.

dents, 17 of whom were in the District wben the A company of citizens from Missouri, mostly census was taken (150). Some of the residents from Bates County, came into this District the present at the polls did not vote, declaring it useday before the election, some camping and others less. Candidates declined to run on the Free

State putting up at the public-house (147). "They num. ticket because they were unwilling to run the bered from 100 to 200 (148), and came in wagons risk of so unequal a contest-it being known that and on horseback, carrying their provisions and a great many were coming up from Missouri to tents with them, and were generally armed with

vote (151). Nearly all the settlers were Freepistols. They declared their purpose to vote, and State men. and 23 of the 25 legal votes given claimed the right to do so. They went to the were cast for the only Free State candidate runpolls generally in small bodies, with tickets in ning. Mobiller McGee, who was declared elected their hands, anıl many, if not all, voted. In Representative, had a claim-a saw-mill and a some cases they declared that they had voted, house in the Territory-and he was there part of and

But his legal residence is now, and their reasons for so doing. Mr. An the time. gave derson, a Pro-Slavery candidate for the Legisla- was then, near Westport, in Missouri, where he ture, endeavored to dissuade the non-residents owns and conducts a valuable farm, and where from voting, because he did not wish the election his family resides. contested (149). This person, however, insisted

VIIITH DISTRICT. upon voting, and upon his right to vote, and did so. No one was challenged or sworn, and all This was attached to the Vifth District for a voted who desired to. Out of 350 votes cast, not member of the Council and a representative, over 100 were legal, and but 64 of these named and its vote was controlled by the illegal vote in the census taken one month before by Mr. cast there. The census shows 39 votes in it--37 Barber, the candidate for Council, voted. Many votes were cast, of whom a majority voted the of the Free State men did not vote, but your Coin- Free-State ticket. mittee is satisfied that, of the legal votes cast, the Pro-Slavery candidates received a majority.

IXTH DISTRICT. Mr. Anderson, one of these candidates, was an unmarried man, who came into the District Fort Riley and Pawnee are in this District. from Missouri a few days before the election, and The latter place was selected by the Governor boarded at the public-house until the day after as the temporary capital, and he designed there the election. He then took with him the poll- to expend the sums appropriated by Congress in lists, and did not return to Fort Scott until the the construction of suitable houses for the Le. occasion of a barbecue the week before the elec- gislature. A good deal of building was then tion of October 1, 1855. He voted at that elec- being done at the fort near by. For these reation, and after it left, and has not since been in sons a number of mechanics, mostly from Penn. tbe District. S. A. Williams, the other Pro. sylvania came into this district in March, 1855, Slavery candidate, at the time of the election had to seek employment. Some of these voted at the a claim in the Territory, but his legal residence election. The construction of the capital was was not there until after the election.

first postponed, then abandoned, and finally the

site of the town was declared by the Secretary VIITH DISTRICT.

of War to be within the military reservation of From two to three hundred men, from the to the States, and some went to other parts of

Fort Riley.

Some of the inhabitants returned State of Missouri

, came in wagons or on horse the Territory. Your Committee find that they back to the election ground at Switzer's Creek, came as settlers, intending to remain as such, in the VIIth District, and encamped near the and were entitled to vote (152). polls, on the day preceding the election. They were armed with pistols and other weapons, and

Xth DISTRICT. declared their purpose to vote, in order to secure the election of Pro-Slavery members. They said In this district ten persons belonging to the they were disappointed in not finding more Yan- Wyandot tribe of Indians voted. They were of kees there, and that they had brought more men that class who under the law were entitled to than were necessary to counterbalance their vote. vote, but their residence was in Wyandot Vil. A number of them wore badges of blue ribbon, lage, at the mouth of Kansas River, and they with a motto, and the company were under the had no right to vote in this district. They voted direction of leaders. They declared their inten- the Pro-Slavery ticket (153). Eleven men retion to conduct themselves peacefully, unless cently from Pennsylvania voted the Free State the residents of the Territory atempted to stop Ticket. From the testimony, they had not, at them from voting. Two of the Judges of Elec- the time of the election, so established their resition appointed by Governor Reeder, refused to dence as to have entitled them to vote (154). In serve, whereupon two others were appointed in both these classes of cases the judges examined their 'stead by the crowd of Missourians who the voters under oath and allowed them to vote, surrounded the polls. The newly-appointed and in all respects the election seems to have Judges refused to take the oath prescribed by been conducted fairly. The rejection of both Governor Reeder, but made one to suit them- would not have changed the result. This and selves. Andrew Johnson requested each voter to the VIIIth Election-District formed one represwear if he had a claim in the Territory, and sentative district, and was the only one to which if he had voted in another District. The Judges the invasion from Missouri did not extend. did not take the oath prescribed, but were sworn to receive all legal votes. The Missourians

XITH District. voted without being sworn. They supported H. J. Stickler for Council, and M. W. McGee for Districts, being all sparsely settled, were attached

The IXth, Xth, and XIth and XIIth Election. Representative. They left the evening of the election. Some of them started on horseback for

(150) James A. Stewart, Mr. H. Rose. (151) Wm.

F. Johnstone. (152) Andrew McConnell, R. W. Wil(147) John Hamilton. (148) John Hamilton, E. B. son, A. A. Reeder. (153) M. A. Garrett, Joseph StewOook, F B. Arnett. (149) J. C. Anderson.

art. (154) N. J. Osborn, Isaac Hascall.


together as a Council-District, and the XIth and Those persons voting who were sworn were askXIIth as a Representative District. This Elec; ed if they considered themselves residents of the tion-District is 60 miles north from Pawnee, and district, and if they said they did, they were al150 miles from Kansas City. It is the northwest lowed to vote (164). But few of the residents settlement in the Territory, and contained, when were present and voted (165), and the Free State the census was taken, but 36 inhabitants, of men, as a general thing, did not vote (166). After whom 24 were voters. There was on the day of the Missourians got through voting, they return. election no white settlement about Marysville, ed home (167). A formal return was made by the place of voting, for 40 miles, except that the judges of election setting out the facts, but it Marshall and Bishop kept a store and ferry at was not verified. The number of legal voters in the crossing of the Big Blue and the California this district was 96, of whom a majority were road (155)." Your Committee were unable to Free-State men. Of these — voted. The total procure witnesses from this district. Persons number of votes cast was 296. who were present at the election were duly summoned by an officer, and among them was F. J.

XIVTH DISTRICT. Marshall, the member of the House from that district. On his return the officer was arrested some days before the election, that the Missouri

It was generally rumored in this district, for and detained, and persons bearing the names of some of the witnesses summoned were stopped the election, men from Missouri 'came into the

ans were coming over to vote (168). Previous to near Lecompton, and did not appear before the district, and electioneered for the Pro-Slavery Committee. The returns show that, in defiance candidates (169). Gen. David R. Atchison and of the Governor's proclamation, the voting was riva voce, instead of by ballot. 328 names ap primary elections (170).

a party controlled the nominations in one of the pear upon the poll-books, as voting, and by com. paring these names with those on the census

BURR OAK PRECINCT. rolls, we find that but seven of the latter voted. The person voted for as Representative, F.J. Several hundred Missourians from Buchanan, Marshall, was chief owner of the store at Marys- Platte, and Andrew Counties, Mo., including a ville, and was there sometimes (156), but his great many of the prominent citizens of St. Joseph, family lived in Weston. John Donaldson, the came into this precinct the day before, and on the candidate voted for for the Council, then lived day of election, in wagons and on horse, and enin Jackson County, Missouri (157).

camped there (171). Arrangements were made for On the day after the election, Mr. Marshall, them to cross the ferry at St. Joseph free of exwith 25 or 30 men from Weston, Mo., wus on the pense to themselves (172). They were armed way from Marysville, to the State. Some of the with bowie-knives and pistols, guns and rifles party told a witness who had formerly resided at | (173). On the morning of the election, the FreeWeston, that they were up at Marysville and state candidates resigned in a body, on account carried the day for Missouri, and that they had of the presence of the large number of armed voted about 150 votes. Mr. Marshall paid the Missourians, at which the crowd cheered and bill at that point for the party.

hurrahed (174). Gen. B. F. Stringfellow was There does not appear to have been any emi- present, and was prominent in promoting the gration into that district in March, 1855, after election of the Pro-Slavery ticket, as was also the census was taken, and judging from the best the Hon. Willard P. Hall, and others of the most test in the power of your Committee, there were prominent citizens of St. Joseph, Mo. (175). But but seven legal votes cast in the district, and one of the judges of election, appointed by the 321 illegal.

governor, served on that day, and the crowd XIITH DISTRICT.

chose two others to supply the vacancies (176).

The Missourians said they came there to vote The election in this district was conducted for, and secure the election of, Major Wm. P. fairly. No complaint was made that illegal votes Richardson (177): Major Richardson, elected were cast,

to the Council, 'had had a farm in Missouri, XIIITH DISTRICT.

where his wife and daughter lived with his sonPrevious to the day of election, several hun. in-law, Willard P. Hall, he himself generally dreds of Missourians from Platte, Clay, Boone, l'he farm was generally known as the Richard

going home to Missouri every Saturday night. Clinton, and Howard counties, came into the district in wagons and on horseback,

and camped which was a saw-mill, and where he generally

son farm. He had a claim in the Territory upon there (158). They were armed with guns, revolvers, and bowie-knives, and had badges of hemp remained during the week (178). in their button-holes and elsewhere about their

Some of the Missourians gave as their reason persons (159). They claimed to have a right to for voting that they had heard that eastern emi. vote, from the fact that they were there on the grants were to be at that election (179), though ground, and had, or intended to make, claims in no eastern emigrants were there (180). Others the Territory, although their families were in Missouri (160).

(164) R. Chandler. (165) J. B. Ross, Dr. J. Noblo.

(166) J. B. Ross, Dr. J. Noble, R Chandler, C. Hardh, The judges appointed by the governor opened O. B. Tebbs. (167) J. B. Ross, Dr. J. Noble. (168) the polls, and some persons offered to vote, and B. Harding, John H. Whitehead, A. Larzelier. (169) when their votes were rejected on the ground Bedj. Harding, Willard P. Hall, Dr. G. A. Cutler. that they were not residents of the district, the (170) Dr. G. A. Cutler. (171) A. A. Jamieson, W. R. browd threatened to tear the house down if the Richardson, Benj. Harding, J. H. Whitehead, J. R. judges did not leave (161). The judges then Carter, A. Larzelier, Willard P. Hall, B. H. Brock, 0. W. withdrew, taking the poll-books with them (162). Stewart, A. M. Mitchell, I s. Creel, G. W. Gillespie. The crowd then proceeded to select other persons son, Willard P. Hall, o. W. Stewart. (174) A. A. Ja

(172) L. Dillon, G. W. Gillespie. (173) A. A. Jamieto act as judges, and the election went on (163). mieson, W. P. Richardson. Benj. Harding, J. H. White

head, A. Larzelier, Willard P. Hall, J. P. Blair. (175) (155) Augustus Baker. (156) Avgustus Baker. (157) A. A. Jamieson, W. P. Richardson, J. H. Whitehead. J. E. D'Aris. (158) J. B. Ross, W. H. Godwin, Dr. Willard P. Hall (176) A. A. Jamieson, Benjamin James Noble, T. A. Minard, Chas. Hardh. (159) J. B. Harding, J. H. Witehead, A. Larzelier, 0. Hulan. Ross, W. 8. Godwin. (160) J. B. Ross, Dr. J. Noble. (177) A. A. Jamieson, W. P. Hall. (178) A A. Jamie(161) J. B. Ross, Charles Hardh, A. B. Sharp. (162) son, W. P. Richardson, W. P. Hall. (179) W. P. RichJ. B. Ross, C. Hardh. (163) J. B. Ross, W. H. Godwid, ardson, J. H. Whitehead, J. R. Carter, W. P. Hall, A. Dr. J. Noble, R. Chandler, T. A. Minard, C. Hardh, M. Mitchell, H 8. Creel. (180) B. Harding, J. H. G. M. Dyer, O. B. Tebbs.

Whitehead, J. R. Carter, W. P. Hall.

said they were going to vote for the purpose | ardson, the Pro-Slavery candidate for Council, of making Kansas a Slave State (181).

threatened Dr. Cutler, the Free State candidate, Some claimed that they had a right to vote, that if he contested the election he and his office under the provisions of the Kansas-Nebraska should be put in the Missouri River (200). bill, from the fact that they were present on the The number of votes in the district by the cenground on the day of election (182),

sus was 334-of these 124 voted. The testimony The Free State men generally did not vote shows that quite a number of persons whose (183), and those who did vote, voted generally legal residence was in the populous county of for John H. Whitehead, Pro-Slavery, för Coun- Buchanan, Mo., on the opposite side of the river, cil, against Major Wm. P. Richardson, and did had claims in the Territory. Some ranged cattle, not vote at all for members of the Lower House and others marked out their claim and built á (184).

cabin, and sold this incipient title where they The parties were pretty nearly equally divided could. They were not residents of the Territory in the district, some being of opinion that the in any just or legal sense. A number of settlers Free-State party had a small majority (185), and moved into the district in the month of March. others that the Pro-Slavery party had a small Your Committee are satisfied, after a careful majority (186). After the election was over, analysis of the records and testimony, that the and the polls were closed, the Missourians re number of legal votes cast did not exceed 2004 turned home. During the day they had provi. out of 727. sions and liquor served out, free of expense to all (187).


The election in this district was held in the DONIPHAN PRECINCT.

house of a Mr. Hayes. On the day of election & The evening before the election some 200 or crowd of from 400 to 500 men (201) collected more Missourians from Platte, Buchanan, Sa around the polls, of which the great body were line, and Clay counties, Missouri, came into this citizens of Missouri

. One of the Judges of Elecprecinct, with tents, music, wagons, and provi- tion, in his testimony (202), states that the stransions, and armed with guns, rifles, pistols, and gers commenced crowding around the polls, and bowie-knives, and encamped about two miles that then the residents left. Threats were made from the place of voting (188). They said they before and during the election day that there came to vote, to make Kansas a Slave State, should be no Free-State candidates, although and intended to return to Missouri after they there were nearly or quite as many Free State had voted (189).

a8 Pro-Slavery men resident in the district. On the morning of the election the Judges ap: Most of the crowd were drinking and carousing, pointed by the Governor would not serve, and cursing the Abolitionists and threatening the others were appointed by the crowd (190). The only Free State Judge of Election. A majority Missourians were allowed to vote without being of those who voted wore hemp in their buttonsworn (191)---some of them voting as many as

holes (203) and their pass-word was, “ all right on eight or nine times ; changing their hats and the hemp," Many of the Missourians were coats and giving in different names each time known and are named by the witnesses. Several (192). After they had voted they returned to speeches were made by them at the polls, and Missouri (193): The Free State men generally among those who spoke were Major Oliver, one did not vote (194), though constituting å majori. of your Committee, Col. Burns, and Lalan Wilty in the precinct (195). Upon counting the bal. liams of Platte County. Major Oliver urged uplots in the box and the names on the poll-lists, it on all present to use no harsh words, and exwas found that there were too many ballots (196), pressed the hope that nothing would be said or and one of the judges of election took out bal. done to harm the feelings of the most sensitive on lots enough to make the two numbers correspond the other side. He gave some grounds, based on (197).

the Missouri Compromise, in regard to the right

of voting, and was understood to excuse the MisWOLF RIVER PRECINCT.

sourians for voting. Your Committee are satis

fied that he did not vote. Col. Burns recomBut few Missourians were present in this pre mended all to vote, and he hoped none would go cinct, though some of them threatened one of the home without voting. Some of the Pro-Slavery judges, because he refused to receive their votes, residents were much diesatisfied at the interferand when he resigned another was chosen in ence with their rights by the Missourians, and for his place, who consented to receive their votes that reason-because reflection convinced them (198).

that it would be better to have Kansas a FreeProtests were drawn up against the elections State-they “fell over the fence” (204). The in the various precincts in the XIVth District, judges requested the voters to take an oath that but on account of threats that greater numbers they were actual residents. They objected at of Missourians would be at a new election should first, some saying they had a claim, or “ I am it be called, and of personal violence to those here." But the Free State Judge insisted upon who should take part in the protest, it was not the oath, and his associates, who at first were presented to the Governor (199). Major Rich- disposed to waive it, coincided with him, and the

voters all took it after some grumbling. One (181) W. P. Hall, H. S. Creel. (182) B. H. Brock, C.

said he cut him some poles and laid them in the W. Stewart, H. s. Creel. (183) A. A. Jamieson, W.P: shape of a square, and that made him a claim; Richardson, J. H. Whitehead, A. Larzelier, C. W. Stewart, H. S. Creel. (184) W. 'P. Richardson, C. B. and another said that he had cut him a few sticks Whitehead. (185) A. A. Jamieson, B. Rarding. A. of wood, and that made him a claim. The FreeLarzelier, C. W. Stewart. (186) S. P. Richardson, J. State mon did not vote, although they believed H. Whitebead, W. P. Hall, Thos. W. Watterson, J. P. their numbers to be equal to the Pro-Slavery setBlair. (187) W. P. Richardson, G. W. Gillespie. (188) |tlers, and some claimed that they had the majoriRichard Tuck, Eli Hamilton, Jobo Landis, Luther ty. They were deterred by threats throughout Dickerson, J. W. Beattie, David

Fizer..(189) R. Tuck, by the Missourians, before and on the day of L. Dickerson, J. W. Beattie. (190) R. Tuck, E. Hamil. ton, J. Landis. (191) R. Tuck, E. Hamilton, David election, from putting up candidates, and no canFizer. (192) R. Tuck. (193) R. Tuck, E. Hamil- didates were rün, for this reason, that there was ton, J. Landis, L. Dickerson. (194) John Landis. (195) R. Tuck, John Landis. (196) E. Hamilton, J. F. (200) Dr. G. A. Cutler. (201) J. B. Crane. (202) E. foreman. (197 E Hamilton. (198) Dr. G. A. Cutler.


Zimmerman, Joseph (199) Dr. G. A. Cutler, John Landis, A. A. Jamieson. Potter. (204) E. R. Zimmerman.

R. Zimmerman.

He re

a credited rumor previously that the Missourians | And one of the members (218) of the Council, R. would control the election. The Free State R. Rees, declared in his testimony that he who Judge was threatened with expulsion from the should put a different construction upon the law polls, and a young man thrust a pistol into the must be either a knave or a fool. window through which the votes were received, The Free State men generally did not vote at The whole number of votes cast was 417; of the that election (219); and no newly-arrived Eastnames on the poll-book but 62 are in the census. ernemigrants were there (220). The Free State rolls, and the testimony shows that a small por- Judge of Election refused to sign the returns untion, estimated by one witness at one-quarter of til the words "by lawful resident voters" were the legal voters, voted. Your Committee esti: stricken out, which was done, and the returns mate the number of legal voters at 80. One of made in that way (221). The election was conthe judges referred to, certified to the Governor tested, and a new election ordered by Gov. that the election was fairly conducted. It was Reeder for the 22d of May. not contested because no one would take the re- The testimony is divided as to the relative sponsibility of doing as it was not considered strength of parties in this district. The whole safe, and that if another election was had, the number of voters in the district, according to residents would fare no better.

the census returns, was 385 ; and, according to

a very carefully-prepared list of voters, preXVITH DISTRICT.

pared for the Pro-Slavery candidates and other

Pro-Slavery men, a few days previous to the For some time previous to the election, meet-election, there were 305 voters in the district, ings were held and arrangements made in Mis- including those who had claims but did not live souri to get up companies to come over to the on them (222). The whole number of votes cast Territory and vote (205), and the day before was 964. Of these named in the census 106 and on the day of election, large bodies of Mis-voted. Your Committee, upon careful examinasourians from Platte, Clay, Ray, Charlton, Car- tion, are satisfied that there were not over 150 rol, Clinton, and Saline Counties, Mo., came legal votes cast, leaving 814 illegal votes. into this district and camped there (206). They were armed with pistols and bowie-knives, and

XVIITH DISTRICT. some with guns and rifles (207), and had badges The election in this district seems to have of hemp in their button-holes and elsewhere been fairly conducted, and not contested at all. about their persons (208).

In this district the Pro-Slavery party had the On the morning of the election there were majority. from 1,000 to 1,400 persons present on the ground (209). Previous to the election, Missourians

XVIIIT, DISTRICT. endeavored to persuade the two Free State Previous to the election, Gen. David R. Atchi. judges to resign by

making threats of personal son of Platte City, Mo., got up a company of violence to them (210), one of whom resigned Missourians, and passing through Weston, Mo., on the morning of election, and the crowd chose (223) went over into the Territory. another to fill his place (211). But one of the mained all night at the house of and then judges, the Free State judgé, would take the exhibited his arms, of which he had an abundoath prescribed by the Governor, the other two ance. He proceeded to the Nemohaer (XVIIIth) deciding that they had no right to swear any District (224). On his way, he and his party atone who offered to vote, but that all on the tended a Nominating Convention in the XIVth ground were entitled to vote (212). The only District, and proposed and caused to be nominvotes refused were some Delaware Indians, ated a set of candidates in opposition to the some 30 Wyandot Indians being allowed to wishes of the Pro-Slavery residents of the dis. vote (213).

trict (225).

At that Convention he said that One of the Free State candidates withdrew in there were 1,100 men coming over from Platte consequence of the presence of the Missourians, County, and if that wasn't enough they could amid cheering and acclamations by the Mis- send 5,000 more—that they came to vote, and sourians (214). During the day, the steamboat would vote or kill every G-dd- Abolitionist New Lucy came down from Western Missouri, in the Territory (226). with a large number of Missourians on board, On the day of election, the Missourians under who voted and then returned on the boat (215). Atchison, who were encamped there, came up

The Missourians gave as a reason for their to the polls in the XVIIIth District, taking the coming over to vote, that the North had tried to oath that they were residents of the district. force emigration into the Territory, and they The Missourians were all armed with pistols or wanted to counteract that movement (216). bowie-knives, and said there were 60 in their Some of the candidates and many of the Mis- company (227). But 17 votes given on that day sourians took the ground that, under the Kan- were given by residents of the district (228). sas-Nebraska act, all who were on the ground The whole number of votes was 62. on the day of election were entitled to vote R. L. Kirk, one of the candidates, came into (217), and others, that laying out a town, stak- the district from Missouri about a week before ing a lot, or driving down stakes, even on an. the election, and boarded there (229). He left other man's claim, gave them a right to vote. after the election, and was not at the time a legal

resident of the district in which he was elected. (205) H. Miles Moore, A. McAuley, L. Kerr. (206) No protest was sent to the Governor on account David Brown, T. A. Hart, G. F. Warren, R. R. Rees, A. of threats made against any who should dare to Russell, P. R. Orr. L. J. Eastin, A. Fisher. M. France, contest the election (230). The following tables H. M. Moore. (207) D. Brown, F. A. Mart, Q. T. Was; embody the result of the examination of your ren, A. Fisher, H. M. Moore, W. G. Matthiar. (208) F. A. Hart, L. J. Eastin, M. France, W. H. Adams,

H. Committee in regard to this election. In some M. Moore. (209) F. A. Hart, T. A. Minard, G. F. of the districts it was impossible to ascertain Warren, R. R. Rees, A. J. Pattie, W. G. Matthias. (210) D. Brown, M. France. (211) D. Brown, F. A. (218) D. Brown. T. A. Hart. (219) D. Brown, E. A. Hart, M. France. (212) M. France. (213) M. France. Minard, G. F. Warren, F. A. Hart, M. France, H. M. (214) F. A. Hart, L. J. Karin, W. H. Adams.

(215) D. Moore. (220) L. J. Eastin, M. France, W. H. Adams. Brown, F. A. Hart, T. A. Minard, G. F. Warren, R. R. (221) L. J. Eastin, M. France. W. H. Adams. (222) L. Rees, S. J. Bastin, A. T. Kyle, D. J. Johnson, M. J. Eastin, A. McAuley. (223) H. Niles Moore. (224) France, A. T. Pattie, H. M. Moore. (216) H. R. Rees, Dr. G, A. Cutler, Amer Groom. (2:25) Dr. G. A. L. J. Eastin, W H. Adams, H. M. Moore. (217) D. Cutler. (226) Dr. G. A. Cutler. (227) D. H. Baker, Brown, T. A. Minard, G. F. Warren, R. R. Rees, H. John Belew. (228) D. H. Baker, John Belew. (229) M. Moore.

John Belew, (230) Dr. G. A. Cutler.

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