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tion is not at all unusual. Few laws have ever | Committee believe that they express the anxious passed in which there were not parts to which desire of an immense majority of the people of exception was taken. It is inexpedient, if not the United States, when they declare that it is impracticable, to separate these parts, and em- bigh time that good feeling, harmony, and frater. body them in distinct bills, 80 as to accommodate nal sentiment should be again revived, and that the diversity of opinion wbich may exist. The the Government should be able once more to proConstitution of the United States contained in ceed in its great operations to promote the happiit a great variety of provisions, to some of which ness and prosperity of the country, uudisturbed serious objection was made in the convention by this distracting cause. which forined it, by different members of that As for California-far from seeing her sensibody; and, when it was submitted to the ratifica- bility affected by her being associated with other tion of the States, some of them objected to some kindred measures—she ought to rejoice and be parts, and others to other parts, of the same instru: highly gratified that, in entering into the Union, ment. Had these various parts and provisions she may have contributed to the tranquillity and been separately acted on in the convention, or bappiness of the great family of States, of which, separately submitted to the people of the United it is to be boped, she may one day be a distius States, it is by no means certain that the Consti- guished member. tution itself would ever have been adopted or The Committee beg leave next to report on ratified. Those who did not like particular pro- the subject of the Northern and Western boundvisions found compensation in other parts of it. ary of Texas. On that question a great diversity And in all cases of constitution and laws, when of opinion has prevailed. According to one view either is presented as a whole, the question to of it, the western limit of Texas was the Nueces; be decided is, whether the good which it contains according to another, it extended to the Rio is not of greater amount, and capable of neutraliz. Grande, and stretched from its mouth to its ing anything objectionable in it. And, as nothing source. A majority of the Committee having human is perfect, for the sake of that harmony so come to the conclusion of recommending an amidesirable in such a confederacy as this, we must cable adjustment of the boundary with Texas, be reconciled to secure as much as we can of what abstain from expressing any opinion as to the we wish, and be consoled by the reflection that true and legitimate western and northern boundwhat we do not exactly like is a friendly conces- ary of that State. The terms proposed for such sion, and agreeable to those who, being united an adjustment are contained in the bill herewith with us in a common destiny, it is desirable, reported, and they are, with inconsiderable variashould always live with us in peace and con- tion, the same as that reported by the Committee cord.
on Territories. A majority of the Committee have, therefore, According to these terms, it is proposed to been led to the recommendation to the Senate Texas that her boundary be recognized to the Rio that the iwo measures be united. The bill for Grande, and up that river to the point commonly establishing the two Territories, it will be observ. called El Paso, and thence running up that river ed, omits the Wilmot proviso on the one hand, twenty miles, measured thereon by a straight and, on the other, makes no provision for the in line, and thence eastwardly to a point where the troduction of Slavery into any part of the new hundredth degree of west longitude crosses Red Territories.
River; being the southwest angle in the line deThat proviso has been the fruitful source of signated between the United States and Mexico, distraction and agitation. If it were adopted and and the same angle in the line of the territory set applied to any Territory, it would cease to have apart for the Indians by the United States. any obligatory force as soon as such Territory If this boundary be assented to by Texas, were admitted as a State into the Union. There she will be quieted to that extent in her title. And was never any occasion for it to accomplish the some may suppose that, in consideration of this professed object with which it was originally concession by the United States, she might, withoffered. This has been clearly demonstrated by out any other equivalent, relinquish any claim the current of events. California, of all the re she has beyond the proposed boundary ; that is, cent territorial acquisitions from Mexico, was that any claim to any part of New-Mexico. But, in which, if anywhere within them, the introduc under the influence of sentiments of justice and tion of Slavery was most likely to take place; and great liberality, the bill proposes to Texus, for the constitution of California, by the unanimous her relinquishment of any such claim, a large pe. vote of her convention, has expressly interdicted cuniary equivalent. As a consideration for it, it. There is the highest degree of probability and considering that a portion of the debt of that Utah and New Mexico will, when they come Texas was created on a pledge to her creditors of to be admitted as States, follow the example. The the duties on foreign imports, transferred by the proviso is, as to all those regions in common, a resolution of Annexation to the United States, mere abstraction. Why should it be any longer and now received and receivable in her treasury, insisted on? Totally destitute as it is of any a majority of the Committee recommend the paypractical import, it has, nevertheless, had the per- ment of the sum of millions of dollars to nicious effect to excite serious, if not alarming, Texas, to be applied in the first instance to the consequences. It is high time that the wounds extinction of that portion of her debt for the rewhich it has inflicted should be healed up and imbursement of which the duties on foreign imclosed. And, (to avoid, in all future time, the ports were pledged as aforesaid, and the residue agitations which must be produced by the conflict in such manner as she may direct. The sum is of opinion on the Slavery question, existing as to be paid by the United States, in a stock, to be this institution does in some of the States, and created, bearing five per cent. interest annually, prohibited as it is in others, the true principle payable half-yearly, at the treasury of the United which ought to regulate the action of Congress States, and the principal reimbursable at the end in forming Territorial Governments for each of fourteen years. newly acquired domain, is to refrain from all According to an estimate which has been legislation on the subject in the Territory ac made, there are included in the territory to which quired, so long as it retains the Territorial 'form it is proposed that Texas shall relinquish ber of Government-leaving it to the people of such claim, embracing that part of New-Mexico lying Territory, when they have attained to the condi. east of the Rio Grande, a little less than 124,933 tion which entitles them to admission as a State, square miles, and about 79,957,120 acres of land. to decide for themselves the question of the allow. From the proceeds of the sale of this land, tho ance or prohibitio of domestic Slavery.) The United States may ultimately be reimbursed &
portion, if not the whole, of the amount of what ception of their duty, arising under the Constituis thus proposed to be advanced to Texas. tion of the United States. It is true that a deci.
It cannot be anticipated that Texas will de. sion of the Supreme Court of the United States cline to accede to these liberal propositions ; but has given countenance to them in withholding if she should, it is to be distinctly understood that their assistance. But the Committee cannot but the title of the United States to any territory ac believe that the intention of the Supreme Court quired from Mexico east of the Rio Grande will has been misunderstood. They cannot but think remain unimpaired, and in the same condition as that that Court merely meant that laws of the if the proposals of adjustment now offered had several States, which created obstacles in the never been made.
way of the recovery of fugitives, were not auA majority of the Committee recommend to thorized by the Constitution, and not that the the Senate that the section containing these pro State laws affording facilities in the recovery of posals to Texas shall be incorporated into the fugitives were forbidden by that instrument. The bill embracing the admission of California as a non-slaveholding States, whatever sympathies State, and the establishment of territorial govern any of their citizens may feel for persons who ments for Utah and New Mexico. The definition escape froin other States, cannot discharge themand establishment of the boundary between New. selves from an obligation to enforce the ConstituMexico and Texas have an intimate and neces- tion of the United States. All parts of the instru. sary connection with the establishment of a ter- ment being dependent upon, and connected with, ritorial government for New Mexico. To form a each other, ought to be fairly and justly enforced. territorial government for New Mexico, without If some States may seek to exonerate them. prescribing the limits of the Territory, would selves from one portion of the Constitution, other leave the work imperfect and incomplete, and States may endeavor to evade the performance might expose New-Mexico to serious controversy, of the other portions of it; and thus the instruif not dangerous collisions, with the State of ment, in some of the most important provisions, Texas. And most, if not all, the considerations might become inoperative and invalid. which unite in favor of combining the bill for the But, whatever may be the conduct of indivi. admission of California as a state and the Territo- dual States, the duty of the General Government rial bills, apply to the boundary question of Tex- is perfectly clear. "That duty is, to amend the as. By the union of the three measures, every existing law, and provide an effectual remedy for question of difficulty and division which has the recovery of fugitives from service or labor. arisen out of the territorial acquisitions from In devising such a remedy, Congress ought, Mexico, will, it is hoped, be adjusted, or placed whilst, on the one hand, securing to the owner in a train of satisfactory adjustinent. The Com- the fair restoration of his property, effectually to mittee, availing themselves of the arduous and guard, on the other, against any abuses in the apvaluable labors of the Committee on Territories, plication of that remedy. report a bill, herewith annexed, (marked A,) em- In all cases of arrest, within a State, of persons bracing those three measures, the passage of charged with offenses; in all cases of the pursuit which, uniting them together, they recommend of fugitives from justice from one State to an. to the Senate.
other State ; in all cases of extradition, provided The Committee will now proceed to the con- for by treaties between foreign powers-the prosideration of, and to report upon, the subject of ceeding uniformly is summary:
It has never persons owing service or labor in one State es- been thought necessary to apply, in cases of that caping into another. The text of the Constitution kind, the forms and ceremonies of a final trial. is quite clear: “No person held to labor or service And, when that trial does tuke place, it is in the in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into State or country from which the party has filed, another, shall, in consequence of any law or regu- and not in that in which he has found refuge. By lation therein, be discharged from such service or the express language of the Constitution, whether labor, but shall be delivered up on the claim of the fugitive is held to service or labor, or not, is the party to whom such service or labor is due.” to be determined by the laws of the State from Nothing can be more explicit than this language which he fled ; and, consequently, it is most pro. -nothing more manifest than the right to demand, per that the tribunals of that State should exand the obligation to deliver up to the claimant, pound and administer its own laws. If there any such fugitive. And the Constitution address- have been any instances of abuse, in the erronees itself alike to the States composing the Union ous arrest of fugitives from service or labor, the and to the General Government. "If, indeed, Committee have not obtained knowledge of them. there were any difference in the duty to enforcé They believe that none have occurred, and that this portion of the Constitution between the such are not likely to occur. But, in order to States and the Federal Government, it is more guard against the possibility of their occurrence, clear that it is that of the former than of the lat- the committee have prepared, and herewith reter. But it is the duty of both. It is well known port, a section, (marked B,) to be offered to the and incontestable that citizens of slaveholding fugitive bill now before the Senate. According to States encounter the greatest difficulty in obtain this section, the owner of a fugitive from service ing the benefit of this provision of the Constitu- or labor is, when practicable, to carry with him tion.
to the State in wbich the person is found a record The attempt to recapture a fugitive is almost from a competent tribunal, adjudicating the fact always a subject of great irritation and excite- of elopement and slavery, with a general dement, and often leads to most unpleasant, if not scription of the fugitive. This record, properly perilous, collisions. An owner of a slave, it is attested and certified under the official seal of the quite notorious, cannot pursue his property, for court, being taken to the State where the person the purpose of its recovery, in some of the states, owing service or labor is found, is to be held without imminent personal hazard. This is a competent and sufficient evidence of the facts deplorable state of things, which ought to be re- which had been adjudicated, and will leave nomedied. The law of 1793 has been found thing more to be done than to identify the fugi. wholly ineffectual, and requires more stringent tive. enactments. There is especially a deficiency in Numerous petitions have been presented praythe number of public functionaries authorized to ing for a triâl by jury, in the case of arrest of afford aid in the seizure and arrest of fugitives. fugitives from service or labor in the non-slaveVarious States have declined to afford aid and holding States. It has been already shown that cooperation in the surrender of fugitives from this would be entirely contrary to practice and labor, as the Committee believe, from a miscon. uniform usage in all similar cases. Under the name of a popular and cherished institution-an likely to be agreed to. It could not be done with. institution, however, never applied in cases of out exciting great apprehension and aların in the preliminary proceeding, and only in cases
of Slave States. If the power were exercised withfinal trial—there would be a complete mockery in this District, they would apprehend that, under of justice, so far as the owner of the fugitive is some pretext or another, it might herenfter be concerned. If the trial by jury be admitted, it attempted to be exercised within the slaveholding would draw after it its usual consequences ; of States. It is true that, at present, all such power continuance from time to time, to bring evidence within those States is almost unanimously disafrom distant places; of second or new trials, in vowed and disclaimed in the Free States. But, excases where the jury is hung, or the verdict is perience in public affairs has too often shown set aside ; and of revisals of the verdict and con- that where there is a desire to do a particular duot of the juries by competent tribunals. Dur. thing, the power to accomplish it, sooner or later, ing the progress of all these dilatory and expen- will be found or assumed. sive proceedings, what security is there as to the Nor does the number of Slaves within the Dis. custody and forthcoming of the fugitive upon trict make the abolition of Slavery an object of their termination ? And if, finally, the claimant any such consequence as appears to be attached should be successful, contrary to what happens to it in some parts of the Union. Since the retrò. in ordinary litigation between free persons, he cession of Alexandria county to Virginia on the would have to bear all the burdens and expenses south side of the Potomac, the District now conof the litigation, without indemnity, and would sists only of Washington county on the north learn, by sad experience, that he had by far bet- side of that river; and the returns of the decenter abandon his right in the first instance, than nary enumeration of the people of the United to establish it at such unremunerated cost and States show a rapidly progressing decrease in heavy sacrifice.
the number of slaves in Washington county. But, whilst the Committee conceive that a trial | According to the census of 1830, the number was by jury in a State where a fugitive from service 4,505 ; and in 1810, it was reduced to 3,320 ; show. or labor is recaptured, would be a virtual denial ing a reduction in ten years of nearly one-third. of justice to the claimant of such fugitive, and If it should continue in the same ratio, the numwould be tantamount to a positive refusal tó exe-ber, according to the census now about to be cute the provision of the Constitution, the same taken, will be only a little upward of two thouobjections do not apply to such a trial in the State sand. from which he fled. In the slaveholding States, But a majority of the Committee think differfull justice is administered, with entire fairness ently in regard to the Slavo-Trade within the and impartiality, in cases of all actions for free District. By that trade is meant the introducdom. The person claiming his freedom is allowed tion of slaves from adjacent States into the Disto sue in forma pauperis ; counsel is assigned trict, for sale, or to be placed in dépôt for the him ; time is allowed him to collect his witnesses purpose of subsequent sale or transportation to and to attend the sessions of the court; and his other and distant markets. That trade, a majoriclaimant is placed under bond and security, or is ty of the Comınittee are of opinion, ought to be divested of the possession during the progress of abolished. Complaints have always existed the trial, to insure the enjoyment of these privi. against it, no less on the part of members of leges ; and, if there be any leaning on the part Congress from the South than on the part of of courts and juries, it is always to the side of members from the North. It is a trade somethe claimant for freedom.
times exhibiting revolting spectacles, and one in In deference to the feelings and prejudices which the people of the District have no interwhich prevail in non-slaveholding States, the est, but, on the contrary, are believed to be deCommittee propose such a trial in the State from sirous that it should be discontinued. Most, if which the fugitive fled, in all cases where he de- not all, of the slaveholding States have, either in clares to the officer giving the certificate for his their constitutions or by penal enactments, proreturn that he has a right to his freedom. Ac- hibited a trade in slaves as merchandise within cordingly, the Committee have prepared, and their respective jurisdictions. Congress, standreport herewith, (marked C), two sections which ing in regard to this District, on this subject, in they recommend should be incorporated in the a relation similar to that of the State Legislatures, fugitive bill, pending in the Senate. According to the people of the States, may safely follow the to these sections, the claimant is placed under example of the States. The Committee bave prebond, and required to return the fugitive to that pared, and herewith report, a bill for the aboli. county in the State from which he fled, and there tion of that trade (marked D), the passage of to take him before a competent tribunal, and al. which they recommend to the Senate. This bill low him to assert and establish his freedom, has been framed after the model of what the law if he can, affording to him for that purpose all of Maryland was when the General Government needful facilities.
was removed to Washington. The Coinmittee indulge the hope that if the The views and recommendations contained in Fugitive bill, with the proposed amendments, this report may be recapitulated in a few words : shall be passed by Congress, it will be effectual 1. The admission of any new State or States to secure the recovery of all fugitives from ser- formed out of Texas to be postponed until they vice or labor, and it will remove all causes of shall hereafter present themselves to be received complaint which have hitherto been experienced into the Union, when it will be the duty of Con. on that irritating subject. But, if in iis practi gress fairly and faithfully to execute the comcal operation it shall be found insufficient, and if pact with 'Ï'exas, by admitting such new State or no adequate remedy can be devised for the res. States ; toration to their owners of fugitive slaves, those 2. The admission forthwith of California into owners shall have a just title to indemnity out the Union, with the boundaries which she has proof the Treasury of the United States.
posed ; It remains to report upon the resolutions in 3. The establishment of territorial governments, relation to Slavery and the Slave Trade in the without the Wilmot Proviso, for New Mexico District of Columbia. Without discussing the and Utah, embracing all the territory recently power of Congress to abolish Slavery within the acquired by the United States from Mexico, not District, in regard to which a diversity of opin- contained in the boundaries of California ; ion exists, the Committee are of opinion that it 4. The combination of these two last-mentionought not to be abolished. It could not be done ed measures in the same bill ; without indispensable conditions, which are not 5. The establishment of the western and north
ern boundaries of Texas, and the exclusion from "shall, when ready, able, and willing to be her jurisdiction of all New Mexico, with the come a State, and deserving to be such, be ad. grant to Texas of a pecuniary equivalent; and mitted with or without Slavery, as the people the section for that purpose to be incorporated in thereof shall desire, and make known through the bill admitting California and establishing ter- their Constitution.' ritorial governments for Utah and New-Mex.
This was rejected : Yeas 19 (all Southern); 6. More effectual enactments of law to secure the prompt delivery of persons bound to service Nays 36. or Tabor in one State, under the laws thereof, July 10th.—The discussion was interrupted who escape into another State ; and,
by the death of President Taylor. Millard 7. Abstaining from abolishing Slavery; but, Fillmore succeeded to the Presidency, and under a heavy penalty, prohibiting the slave-trade William R. King of Alabama was chosen in the District of Columbia,
If such of these several measures as require President of the Senate, pro tempore. legislation should be carried out by suitable acts July 15th.—The bill was reported to the of Congress, all controversies to which our late Senate and amended so as to substitute “ that territorial acquisitions have given rise, and all existing questions connected with the institution Congress shall make no law establishing or of Slavery, whether resulting from those acquisi- prohibiting” Slavery in the new territories, tions, or from its existence in the States and the instead of "in respect to” it. Yeas 27; District of Columbia, will be amicably settled Nays 25. and adjusted, in a manner, it is confidently be- Mr. Seward moved to add at the end of lieved, to give general satisfaction to an over
the 37th section : whelming majority of the people of the United States.) Congress will have fulfilled its whole duty in regard to the vast country which, bav-tude shall be allowed in either of the Territories
“But neither Slavery nor involuntary serviing been ceded by Mexico to the United States, of New Mexico or Utah, except on legal convichas fallen under their dominion. It will have tion for crime.” extended to it protection, provided for its several parts the inestimable blessing of free and regular Which was negatived ; Yeas and Nays not government, adapted to their various wants, and taken. placed the whole under the banner and the flag of the United States. Meeting courageously its
July 17th.--The Senate resumed the conclear and entire duty. Congress will escape the sideration of the ** Omnibus bill." unmerited reproach of having, from considera- Mr. Benton moved a change in the protions of doubtful policy, abandoned to an unde- posed boundary between Texas and Newserved fate territories of boundless extent, with a Mexico. Rejected : Yeas 18; Nays 36, sparse, incongruous, and alien, if not unfriendly population, speaking different languages, and
Mr. Foote moved that the 34th parallel of accustomed to different
laws, whilst that popula- north latitude be the northern boundary tion is making irresistible appeals to the new of Texas throughout. Lost : Yeas 20°; sovereignty to which they have been transferred Nays 34. for protection, for government, for law, and for order.
July 19th.—Mr. King moved that the The Committee have endeavored to present to parallel of 35° 30' be the southern boundary the Senate a comprehensive plan of adjustment, of the State of California. Rejected : Yeas which, removing all causes of existing excite-20; Nays 37. ment and agitation, leaves none open to divide the country and disturb the general harmony.
Mr. Davis of Mississippi moved 36° 30'. The nation has been greatly convulsed, not by Rejected : Yeas 23; Nays 32. measures of general policy, but by questions of July 23d.-Mr. Turney of Tenn. moved a sectional character, and, therefore, more dan- that the people of California be enabled to gerous, and more to be deprecated. It wants reform a new State Constitution. Lost : pose. It loves and cherishes the Union. And it is most cheering and gratifying to witness the Yeas 19 ; Nays 33. outbursts of deep and abiding attachment to it, Mr. Jeff. Davis of Mississippi moved to which have been exhibited in all parts of it, add : amidst all the trials through which we have passed, and are passing. A people so patriotic as
“And that all laws and usages existing in said those of the United States, will rejoice in an ac. United States, which deny or obstruct the right
Territory, at the date of its acquisition by the commodation of all troubles and difficulties by which the safety of that Union might have been of any citizen of the United States to remove brought into the least danger. And, under the to, and reside in, said Territory, with any species blessing of that Providence who, amidst all vicis- of property legally held in any of the States of situdes, has never ceased to extend to them His this Union, be, and are hereby declared to be,
pull and void.'' protecting care, His smiles, His blessings, they will continue to advance in population, power, This was rejected : Yeas 22 ; Nays 33. and prosperity, and work out triumphantly the glorious problem of man's capacity for self-gov.
YEAS-For Davis's amendment :
Barnwell, s. C. Mangum, N. C.
Mason, Va. day the provisions of the principal bill thus
Berrien, Ga. Morton, Fla.
Butler, S. C. Pratt, Md. reported, commonly termed“ the Omnibus."
Clemens, Ala. Rusk, Texas, June 28th.-Mr. Soulé of Louisiana moved
Sebastian, Ark. that all south of 36° 30' be cut off from Cali
Dawson, Ga. Soulé, La. fornia, and formed into a territory entitled Downs, La.
Turney, Tenn. South California, and that said territory
Houston, Texas, Underwood, Ky.
Hunter, Va. Yulee, Fla.-22.
NAYS_Against Davis's amendment : YEAS--For Dawson's amendment:
Messrs. Atchison, Houston,
Davis, Miss. Rusk,
Dodge, Iowa, Sturgeon,
NAYS— Against Dawson's amendment :
Messrs. Baldwin, Hamlin, July 24th.—Mr. Rusk moved that the
Miller, Rio Grande del Norte be the western bound
Bradbury, Norris, ary of Texas throughout, as defined in her Bright,
Pearce, statute of limits. Rejected : Yeas 18 (all
Seward, Southern); Nays 34 (Douglas not voting).
Davis, Mass. Smith, July 25th.—Mr. Hale moved that the true Dayton,
Spruance, boundary of Texas be ascertained and con
Dodge of Wisc. Underwood, formed to, without prejudice on account of
Wales, anything contained in this bill. Rejected :
Walker, Yeas 23 ; Nays 30.
Whitcomb, Mr. Benton moved an amendment intended
Winthrop—28. to exclude from Texas every portion of New
Mr. Bradbury's amendment, thus amendMexico. Rejected : Yeas 16 ; Nays 38. ed, prevailed by a similar vote: Yeas 30 ;
July 26th.—Mr. Seward moved that Nays 28. New-Mexico be admitted as a State into (It provided for the appointment of comthe Union. Rejected : Yeas 1 (Seward); missioners to determine, in connection with Nays 42.
commissioners to be chosen by Texas, the July 29th.--Mr. Dayton of N. J. moved Northern boundary of that State.] that the true northern boundary of Texas be July 31st.--Mr. Norris of N. H. moved ascertained and settled by an amicable suit to strike from the bill the words,“ nor estabbefore the Supreme Court. Rejected : Yeas lishing nor prohibiting African Slavery" 18; Nays 34.
(which words deny to the Territorial LegisMr. Mason of Virginia moved that the pro- latures the power to establish or prohibit posed commissioners to settle the boundary Slavery); Carried : Yeas 32 ; Nays 20. of Texas be authorized, in case the true legal (Nays all Southern, but Ewing of Ohio and boundary be found impracticable, to agree
on Whitcomb of Ind. --Cass, Clay, Dayton, and fix a convenient compromise boundary. Dickinson, Douglas, Seward, etc., in the Lost, by a tie : Yeas 29 ; Nays 29.
affirmative.) Mr. Turney moved that no pecuniary con
Mr. Pearce of Md. now moved to strike sideration be given for any change from the from the bill so much thereof as provides a rightful boundary of Texas. Rejected : Yeas Territorial Government for New Mexico, 20; Nays 31.
and for settling the boundary between her July 30th.-Mr. Walker of Miss. moved and Texas. Carried : Yeas 33 (including that this bill do lie on the table. Lost:
all the opponents of a compromise, whether Yeas 25 ; Nays 32.
from the North or the South, and all those Mr. Dawson of Ga. now moved the fol- averse to paying Texas ten millions of dollowing additional section :
lars for relinquishing her pretensions to ab
sorb New-Mexico, with some who would “ And be it further enacted, That, until such not vote in this conjunction for the portions time as the boundary line between the State of Texas and the territory of the United States be of “the Omnibus” severally disapproved of ;) agreed to by the Legislature of the State of Nays 22 : Texas and the government of the United States, YEAS--For breaking up “the Omnibus”: the Territorial government authorized by this act shall not go into operation east of the Rio Messrs. Baldwin,
Hunter, Grande, nor shall any State be established for
Mason, New Mexico, embracing any territory east of the
Miller, Rio Grande."
Phelps, to 28—and gave the death-blow to the
Seward, "Omnibus Bill.”
Davis, Mass. Shields,