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DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION_1852. of the people, and calculated to place the business of the

country within the control of a concentrated money This Conrention assembled at Baltimore on power, and that above the laws and the will of the people; the 1st of June, John W. Davis, of Indiana, and that the results of Democratic legislation, in this and presided, and the two-thirds rule was adopted. made between the two political parties of the country have Gen. Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, was demonstrated to candid and practical men of all, parties, nominated for President on the 49th ballot, as their soundness, safety, and utility, in all business pursuits. follows:

Resoloed, That the separation of the moneys of the Government from Banking Institutions, is indispensable for the safety of the funds of the Government, and the

rights of the people. Ballots.

Resolved, that the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc.

tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land of 1. 116 93 20 27


liberty, and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, 2 118 95 23 27


have ever been cardinal principles in the Democratic 8. 119 94 21 26 1 7

18 1

faith; and every attempt to abridge the privilege of be4 115 89 81 25

18 1

coming citizens and the owners of soil among us, ought 5. 114 88 34 26 1 8

13 1

to be resisted with the same spirit which swept the alien 6. 114 83 84 26 1 8

18 1

and sedition laws from our statute book. 7. 113 58 84 26 1 9

13 1

Resoloed, That Congress has no power under the Con8. 113 88 34 26 1 9

13 1

stitution to interfere with, or control the domestic insti. 9. 112 87 89 27 1 8

13 1

tutions of the several States, and that such States are the 10. 111 86 40 27 1 8

14 1

sole and proper judges of everything appertaining to 11. 101 87 51 27 1 8

13 1

their own affairs, and prohibited by the Constitution ; 12. 98 88 51 27 1 9

13 1

that all efforts of the Abolitionists or others, made to 18. 98 88 61 26 1 10

13 1

induce Congress to interfere with questions of Slavery, 14. 99 87 51 26 1 10

13 1

or to take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calcu15. 99 87 51 26 1 10

13 1

lated to lead to the most alarming and dangerous conse16. 99 87 51 26 1 10

13 1

quences; and that all such efforts have an inevitable 17. 99 87. 50 26 1 11

13 1

tendency to diminish the happiness of the people, and 18. 96 85 56 25 1 11

13 1

endanger the stability and permanency of the Union, and 19. 89 85 63 26 1 10

18 1

ought not to be countenanced by any friend of our politi. 20 81 92 64 26 10

13 1

cal institutions. 21. 60 102 64 26 13 9

13 1

Resoloed, That the foregoing proposition covers, and is 22. 104 77 26 15 9 13 1

intended to embrace, the whole subject of Slavery agita23. 37 103 78 26 19 11


tion in Congress; and therefore, the Democratic party of 24 33 103 80 26 23 9

13 1

the Union, standing on this National Platform, will abide 25 84 101 81 26 24 9

13 1

by, and adhere to, a faithful execution of the acts known 26. 33 101 80 26 24 10


as the Compromise measures settled by the last Congress 27. 32 93 85 26 24 9


-the act for reclaiming fugitives from service or labor 28. 23 96 88 26 25 11

18 1

included ; which act, being designed to carry out an 29. 27 93 91 26 25 12

13 1

express provision of the Constitution, cannot with fidelity 80. 83 91 92 26 20 12

13 1

thereto be repealed, nor so changed as to destroy or im31. 64 79 92 26 16 10


pair its efficiency. 82 99 74 80 26 1 8


Resolved, That the Democratic party will resist all . 123 72 60 25 2 6


attempts at renewing in Congress, or out of it, the agita34. 180 49 58 23 1


tion of the Slavery question, under whatever shape or 35. 131 89 52 44 1 5

1 15 color the attempt may be made. 36. 122 28 43 58 1 5

1 30 37. 121 29 37 70 1

1 29 [Here follow the Resolutions of 1848, against 88. 107 28 83 84 1

1 29 89. 23 83 83 1

the distribution of the proceeds of the Public

1 29 40. 106 27 83 85 1

1 29 Land Sales, and against the abridgment of the 41. 107 27 83 85 1 5

1 29

veto power of the President.] 42. 101 27 33 91 1 5

1 29 43. 101 27 83 91 1

1 29 Resolved, That the Democratic party will faithfully 44. 101 27 33 91 1

1 29 abide by and uphold the principles laid down in the 45. 96 27 32 97 1 5

1 29 Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions or 1792 and 1799, and 46. 78 28 82 97 1 5

1 44 in the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature 47. 75 28 33 95 1

1 49 in 1799 ; that it adopts those principles as constituting 48. 73 29 33 90 1 6

1 55 one of the main foundations of its political creed, and is 49. 2


282 resolved to carry them out in their obvious meaning and

import. The first vote for Vice-President was as fol- Resolved, that the war with Mexico, upon all the lows :

principles of patriotism and the law of nations, was a

just and necessary war on our part, in which no Ameri. Wm. R. King, of Ala... 126 Wm. O. Butler, of Ky... 27 can citizen should have shown himself opposed to his G. J. Pillow, of Teun... 25 Roht. Strange, of N. C... 28 country, and neither morally nor physically, by word or D. R. Atchison, of Mo.. 25 S. U. Downs, of La.... 80 deed, given aid and comfort to the enemy. T. J. Rusk, of Texas,.. 12 J. B. Weller, of Cal.... 28 Resowed, That we rejoice at the restoration of friendly Jeff. Davis, of Miss..... 2 Howell Cobb, of Ga.... 2 relations with our sister Republic of Mexico, and earnest Wm. R. King, of Alabama, was unanimously by desire for her all the blessings and prosperity which

we enjoy under Republican Institutions, aud we con. nominated on the second ballot.

gratulate the American people on the results of that war

which have so manifestly justified the policy and conduct THE PLATFORM.

of the Democratic party, and insured to the United States The Platform was made up of resolves. Here indemnity for the past, and security for the future.

Resolved, That, in view of the condition of popular follow 1, 2, and 3, of that of 1848, with 1, 2, 3, institutions in the old world, a high and sacred duty is and 4 of that of 1840, (see them heretofore), to devolved with increased responsibility upon the Dersowhich were added the following:

cracy of this country, as the party of the people, to tp

hold and maintain the rights of every State, and thereby Resoloed, That it is the duty of every branch of the the Union of States, and to sustain and advance amcag Government to enforce and practice the most rigid them constitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benefit of (the more revenue ought to be raised than is required to few at the expense of the many, and by a vigilant and defray the necessary expenses of the Government, and constant adherence to those principles and compronises for the gradual but certain extinction of the public debt. of the CONSTITUTION, which are broad enough and

Resoloed, That Congress has no power to charter a strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it is, National Bank; that we believe such an institution one and the Union as it should be, in the full expansion of of deadly hostility to the best interests of the country, the energies and capacity of this great and progregressive dangerous to our republican institutions and the liberties 'people.




FREE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION—1852. 10. That no permanent settlement of the Slavery The free-Soil Democracy held a National cognition of the truth that Slavery is sectional and Free.

question can be looked for except in the practical reConvention at Pittsburgh, on the 11th August, dom national; by the total separation of the General 1852, Henry Wilson, of Mass., presiding. All

Government from Slavery, and the exercise of its legiti

mate and constitutional influence on the side of Freethe Free States were represented, together with dom; and by leaving to the States the whole subject of Delaware, Virginia, Kentucky and Maryland. Slavery and the extradition of fugitives from service. John P. Hale, of N. H., was noininated for Presi- soil; and that as the use of the soil is indispensable to

11. That all men have a natural right to a portion of the dent, with Geo. W. Julian, of Indiana, for Vice- life,'the right of all men to the soil is as sacred as their President. The Convention adopted the fol- right to life itself. lowing:

12. That the Public Lands of the United States belong

to the People, and should not be sold to individuals nor PLATFORM:

granted to corporations, but should be held as a sacred Having assembled in National Convention as the De- rust for the benefit of the people, and should be granted mocracy of the United States, united by a common in limited quantities, free of cost, to landless settlers. resolve to maintain right against wrong, and Freedom

18. That à due regard for the Federal Constitution, against Slavery: confiding in the intelligence, patriot- a sound administrative policy, demand that the funds ism, and discriminating justice of the American people, of the General Government be kept separate from Bankputting our trust in God for the triumph of our cause, ing institutions; that inland and ocean postage should be and invoking his guidance in our endeavors to advance reduced to the lowest possible point; that no more revenue it, we now submit to the candid judgment of all men should be raised than is required to defray the strictly the following declaration of principles and measures :

necessary expenses of the public service, and to pay of 1. That governments, deriving their just powers from the public Debt; and that the power and patronage of the the consent of the governed, are instituted among men Government should be diminished, by the abolition of all to secure to all those inalienable rights of life, liberty, unnecessary offices, salaries, and privileges, and by the and the pursuit of happiness with whic they are

election, by the people, of all civil officers in the service endowed by their Creator, and of which none can be of the United States, so far as may be consistent with deprived by valid legislation, except for crime.

the prompt and efficient transaction of the public busi. 2. That the true mission of American Democracy is to ness. maintain the Liberties of the People, the Sovereignty of

14. That River and Harbor Improvements, when necesthe States, and the perpetuity of the Union, by the im- sary to the safety and convenience of commerce with partial application to public affairs, without sectional foreign nations, or among the several States, are objects discriminations of the fundamental principles of hu- of national concern; and it is the duty of Congress, in man rights, strict justice and an econoinical administra. the exercise of its constitutional powers, to provide for tion.

the same. 3. That the Federal Government is one of limited

15. That emigrants and exiles from the old world powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and the should find a cordial welcome to homes of comfort and grants of power therein ought to be strictly construed by fields of enterprise in the new; and every attempt to all the departments and agents of the Government, and abridge their privilege of becoming citizens and owners it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful con

of the soil among us, ought to be resisted with inflexible stitutional powers.

determination. 4. That the Constitution of the United States, ordained 16. That every nation has a clear right to alter or to form a more perfect Union, to establish Justice and change its own government, and to administer its own secure the blessings of Liberty, expressly denies to the concerns in such manner as may best secure the rights General Government all power to deprive any person of and promote the happiness of the people; and foreign life, liberty or property without due process of law; and, interference with that right is a dangerous violation of therefore, the Government having no more power to the law of nations, against which all independent governmake a slave than to make a king, and no more power ments should protest, and endeavor by all proper means to establish Slavery than to establish a Monarchy, to prevent; and especially is it the duty of the Amerishould at once proceed to relieve itself from all respon. can Governmens, representing the Chief Republic of sibility for the existence of Slavery, wherever it possesses the world, to protest against, and by all proper means constitutional power to legislate for its extinction.

to prevent the intervention of kings and emperors against 5. That, to the persevering and importunate demands Nations seeking to establish for themselves Republican of the Slave power for more Slave States, new Slave or constitutional governments. Territories and the nationalization of Slavery, our dis

17. That the Independence of Hayti ought to be tinct and final answer is--no more Slave States, no recognized by our Government, and our commercial Slave Territory, no nationalized Slavery, and no national relations with it placed on the footing of the most Legislation for the extradition of slaves.

favored nations. 6. That Slavery is a sin against God, and a crime

18. That as by the Constitution, “the citizens of each against man, which no human enactment nor usage can State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunimake right; and that Christianity, humanity, and patriot- ties of citizens in the several States," the practice of ism alike demand its abolition.

imprisoning colored seamen of other states, while the 7. That the Fugitive Slave Act of 1950, is repugnant vessels to which they belong lie in port, and refusing to the Constitution, to the principles of the common law, the exercise of the right to bring such cases before the to the spirit of Christianity, and to the sentiments of Supreme Court of the United States, to test the legality the civilized world. We therefore deny its binding force of such proceedings, is a flagrant violation of the Conupon the American people, and demand its immeuiate stitution, and an invasion of the rights of the citizens and total repeal.

of other States utterly inconsistent with the professions 8. That the doctrine that any human law is a finality, made by the slaveholders, that they wish the provisions and not subject to modification or repeal, is not in

of the Constitution faithfully observed by every State accordance with the creed of the founders of our Govern- / in the Union. ment, and is dangerous to the liberties of the people.

19. That we recommend the introduction into all trea9. That the Acts of Congress, known as the Compro- ties hereafter to be negotiated between the United States mise Measures of 1850, by making the admission of a and foreign nations, of some provision for the amicable sovereign state contingent upon the adoption of other settlement of difficulties by à resort to decisive arbimeasures demanded by the special interest of Slavery ;

trations. by their omission to guarantee freedom in the free Terri

20. That the Free Democratic Party is not organized tories; by their attempt to impose unconstitutional

to aid either the Whig or Democratic wing of the great limitations on the power of Congress and the people-to Slave Compromise party of the nation, but to defeat them admit new States ; by their provisions for the assump-both; and that repudiating and renouncing both, as tion of five millions of the State debt of Texas, and for hopelessly corrupt, and utterly unworthy of confidence, the payment of five millions more, and the cession of a the purpose of the Free Democracy is to take possession large territory to the same State under menace, as an

of the Federal Government, and administer it for the inducement to the relinquishment of a groundless claim, better protection of the rights and interests of the whole and by their invasion of the sovereignty of the States people. and the liberties of the people through the enactment

21. That we inscribe on our banner, Preo Soil, Free of an unjust, oppressive, and unconstitutional Fugitive Speech, Free Labor and Free Men, and under it will Slave Law, are proved to be inconsistent with all the fight on and fight ever until a triumphant victory shall principles and maxims of Democracy, and wholly inade- reward our exertions. quate to the settlement of the questions of which they to the American people as a candidate for the office of

22. That upon this Platform the Convention presents are claimed to be an adjustment.




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TOGO TO Fremont.

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President of the United States, John P. Hale, of New-person should be deprived of life, liberty or property Hampshire, and as a candidate for the office of Vice- without due process of law, it becoines our duty to mainPresident of the United States, GEORGE W. JULIAN, of tain this provision of the Constitution against all attempts Indiana, and earnestly commend them to the support to violate it for the purpose of establishing Slavery in of all Freemen and all parties.

any territory of the United States, by positive legislation,

prohibiting its existence or extension therein. That we The result of this contest was an overwhelm- deny the authority of Congress, of a territo:ial legislaing triumph of the regular Democracy : Pierce ture, of any individual or association of individuals, to and King carrying every State except Massachu. Five legal existence to Slavery in any territory of the

United States, while the present Constitution shall be setts, Vermont, Kentucky, and Tennessee, which maintained. cast their votes for Gen. Scott. The Free Demio. Resolved, That the Constitution confers upon Congress cratic vote in several States would have given sovereign power over the territories of the United States those States to Scott, had it been cast for him. power it is both the right and the duty of Congress tv

for their government, and that in the exui cise of this prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism

-- Polygamy and Slavery. REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION— States was 'ordained and established by the people in

Resolved, That while the Constitution of the United 1856.

order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice,

insure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common de. This Convention met at Philadelphia on the fense, and secure the blessings of liberty, and contains 17th of June, and chose Col. Henry S. Lane, of ample provisions for the protection of the life, liberty Indiana, as presiding officer. An informal bal. rights of the people of Kansas have been fraudulently loi for President resulted as follows:

and violently taken from them- their territory has been invaded by an armed force-spurious and pretended legislative, judicial and executive officers have been set over them, by whose usurped authority, sustained by the military power of the Government, tyrannical and un

constitutional laws have been enacted and enforcedMaine, 13 11 Indiana


21 the rights of the people to keep and bear arms have New-Hampshire.. 15 Illinois..

14 19 been infringed-test oaths of an extraordinary and enVermont


tangling nature have been imposed, as a condition of Massachusetts.... 39 Wisconsin... 15

exercising the right of suffrage and holding office-the Rhode Island.. 12



right of an accused person to a speedy and public trial Connecticut. 18


3 by an impartial jury has been denied - the right of the New-York..... 93 3 Kansas


people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and New-Jersey.. 7 14 Nebraska.

3 effects against unreasonable searches and seizures has Pennsylvania.... 10 71 Kentucky

5 been violated—they have been deprived of life, liberty Delaware..

9 California..

12 and property without due process of law-that the free. Maryland.. 4

dom of speech and of the press has been abridged-the Ohio... 30 39

196 right to choose their representatives has been made of New-York also gave two votes for Sumner no effect-- murders, robberies and arsons have been insti

gated and encouraged, and the offenders have been and one for Seward.

allowed to go unpunished-that all these things have Col. John C. Fremont was thereupon unani- been done with the knowledge, sanction and procuremously nominated.

ment of the present Administration, and that for this William L. Dayton was nominated for Vice-manity, we arraign the Administration, the President, his

high crime against the Constitution, the Union and HuPresident, receiving, on the informal ballot, advisers, agents, supporters, apologists and accessories, 259 votes to 43 for David Wilmot; 110 for either before or after the facts, before the country and Abraham Lincoln ; 7 for Thomas Ford ; 35 for bring the actual perpetrators of these atrocious outrages,

before the world, and that it is our fixed purpose to Charles Sumner; 4 for Cassius M. Clay; 15 for and iheir accomplices, to a sure and condign punishment Jacob Collamer; 2 for J. R. Giddings ; 2 for hereafter. W. F. Johnston ; 46 for N. P. Banks ; 1 for A. ted as a State of the Union, with her present free Consti

Resolved, That Kansas should be immediately admitC. M. Pennington; 5 for Henry Wilson ; 9 for tution, as at once the most effectual way of securing to Johu A. King ; 3 for Henry C. Carey; and 8 for her citizens the enjoyment of the rights and privileges to Gen. S. C. Pomeroy of Kansas. A formal bal- which they are entitled; and of ending the civil strife

now raging in her territory. lot was then taken, when Mr. Dayton was nomni- Resolved, That the highwayman's plea, that "might wated unanimously.

makes right," embodied in the Ostend Circular, was in The Convention adopted the following

every respect unworthy of American diplomacy, and

would bring shame and dishonor upon any government PLATFORM:

or people that gave it their sanction.

Resoloed, That a railroad to the Pacific Ocean, by the This Convention of Delegates, assembled in pursuance most central and practicable route, is imperatively deof a call addressed to the people of the United States, manded by the interests of the whole country, and that without regard to past political differences or divisions, the Federal Government ought to render immediate and who are opposed to the repeal of the Missouri Compro efficient aid in its construction; and, as an auxiliary mise, to the policy of the present Administration, to the thereto, the immediate construction of an emigrant route extension of Slavery into Free Territory; in favor of

on the line of the railroad. admitting Kansas as a Free State, of restoring the action Resolved, That appropriations by Congress for the of the Federal Government to the principles of Washing- improvement of rivers and harbors, of a national characton and Jefferson, and who purpose to unite in present- ter, required for the accommodation and security of our ing candidates for the offices of President and Vice-existing commerce, are authorized by the Constitution, President, do resolve as follows:

and justified by the obligation of government to protect Resolved, That the maintenance of the principles pro- the lives and property of its citizens. mulgated in the Declaration of Independence and embodied in the Federal Constitntion is essential to the

This contest resulted in the election of the preservation of our Republican Institutions, and that Democratic nominees, Buchanan and Breckinthe Federal Constitution, the rights of the States, and ridge, who received the electoral votes of the Union of the States, shall be preserved.

Resolved, That with our republican fathers we hold it New-Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 27; Delaware, 3; Vir. to be a self-evident truth, that all men are endowed with ginia, 15; North Carolina, 10 ; South Carolina, 8; the inalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 6; happiness, and that the primary object and ulterior de- Tennessee, 12; Kentucky, 12; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; signs of our Federal Government were, to secure these Missouri, 9; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 3; 'Texas, 4; Califormights to all persons within its exclusive jurisdiction; nia, 4.-174. that, as our republican fathers, when they had abolished For Fremont and Dayton : Maine, 8; New-Hampshire, Slavery in all our national territory, ordained that no 15; Vermont, 5; Massachusetts, 13; Rhode Island, 4:

Connecticut, 6; New-York, 35; Ohio, 28; Michigan, 6; / viency to the stronger, and an insolent and cowardly Iowa, 4; Wisconsin, 5-114.

bravado toward the weaker powers; as shown in reFillmore and Donelson, Maryland, 8.

opening sectional agitation, by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise; as shown in granting to unnaturalized foreigners the right of suffrage in Kansas and Nebraska; as

shown in its vacillating course on the Kansas and New AMERICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION- braska question; as shown in the corruptions which per1836.

vade some of the Departments of the Government, as

shown in disgracing meritorious naval officers through The American National Council met in Phila- prejudice or caprice: and as shown in the blundering

mismanagement of our foreign relations. delphia February 19, 1856. All the States ex

14. Therefore, to remedy existing, evils, and prevent cept four or five were represented. E. B. the disastrous consequences otherwise resulting thereBartlett, of Ky., President of the National Coun- from, we would build up the “ American Party " upon cil presided, and, after a rather stormy session the principles here'n before stated.

15. That each State Council shall have authority to of three days, devoted mainly to the discussion amend their several constitutions, so as to abolish tho of a Party Platform, the following, on the 21st, several degrees and substitute a pledge of honor, instead was adopted :

of other obligations, for fellowship and admission into


16. A free and open discussion of all political princi

ples embraced in our Platform. 1. An humble acknowledgment to the Supreme Being, for his protecting care vouchsafed to our fathers in their On the following day (Feb. 22,) the American successful Revolutionary struggle, and hitherto mani. National Nominating Convention, composed fested to us, their descendants, in the preservation of mostly of the same gentlemen who had deliberthe liberties, the independence, and the union of these ated as the National Council, organized at PhilaStates.

2. The perpetuation of the Federal Union and Consti- delphia, with 227 delegates in attendance, tution, as the palladium of our civil and religious liber- Maine, Vermont, Georgia, and South Carolina, ties, and the only sure bulwarks of American Indepen. being the only States not represented. Ephraim dence.

3. Americans must rule America ; and to this end Marsh, of New-Jersey, was chosen to preside, native-born citizens should be selected for all State, and the Convention remained in session till the Federal and municipal offices of government employ 25th, and, after disposing of several cases of ment, in preference to all others. Nevertheless,

4. Persons born of American parents residing tempo- contested seats, discussed at considerable length, rarily abroad, should be entitled to all the rights of and with great warmth, the question of the native-born citizens.

5. No person should be selected for political station power of the National Council to establish a (whether of native or foreign birth), who

recognizes any Platform for the Convention, which should be allegiance or obligation of a y description to any foreign of binding force upon that body. Finally, Mr. prince, potentate or powerle who refuses to recognize Killinger, of Pennsylvania, proposed the folthe Federal and State Constitutions (each within its sphere) as paramount to all other laws, as rules of polit- lowing: ical action.

Resoloed, That the National Council has no authority 6. The unqualified recognition and maintenance of the to prescribe a Platform of principles for this Nominating reserved rights of the several States, and the cultivation Convention, and that we will nominate for President and of harmony and fraternal good will between the citizens Vice-President no man who is not in favor of interdictof the several States, and to this end, non-interference ing the introduction of Slavery into Territory north 36° by Congress with questions appertaining solely to the 30' by congressional action. individual States, and non-intervention by each State with the affairs of any other State.

A motion to lay this resolution on the table 7. The recognition of the right of native-born and was adopted, 141 to 59. A motion was then naturalized citizens of the United States, permanently made to proceed to the nomination of a candition and laws, and to regulate their domestic and social date for President, which was carried, 151 to affairs in their own mode, subject only to the provisions 51, the Anti-Slavery delegates, or North Amerision into the Union whenever they have the requisite cans, as they were called, voting in the negapopulation for one Representative in Congress : Pro- tive, and desiring to postpone the nomination. rided, always, that none but those who are citizens of But being beaten at all points, they (to the numthe Únited States, under the Constitution and laws ber of about 50) either withdrew or refused to thereof, and who have a fixed residence in any such take any further part in the proceedings of the Constitution, or in the enactment of laws for said Terri- Convention, and many of them subsequently tory or State.

supported Col. Fremont for President, 8. An enforcement of the principles that no State or

An informal ballot was then taken for PresiTerritory ought to admit others than citizens to the right of suffrage, or of holding political offices of the United dent, which resulted as follows: States. 9. A change in the laws of naturalization, making a George Law, N. Y.....

M. Fillmore, of N. Y..... 71 | John Bell, Tennessee... 5

27 Kenneth Raynor, N. C.. 2 continued residence of twenty-one years, of all not here- Garrett Davis, Ky... 13 Erastus Brooks, N. Y.... 2 tofore provided for, an indispensable requisite for citizen- John McLean, ohio.... 7 Lewis D. Campbell, Ohio. 1 ship hereafter, and excluding all paupers, and persons R. F. Stockton, N. J..... convicted of crime, from landing upon our shores; but Sam. Houston, Texas... 6

8 John M. Clayton, Del.... 1 no interference with the vested rights of foreigners.

10. Opposition to any union between Church and A formal ballot was then taken, when Mr. State; no interference with religious faith or worship, Fillmore was nominated as follows: and no test oaths for office. 11. Free and thorough investigation into any and all Davis, 10; 'Houston, 8.

Fillmore, 179 ; Law, 24; Raynor, 14; McLean, 18; alleged abuses of public functionaries, and a strict econ

Necessary to a choice, 122. omy in public expenditures. 12. The maintenance and enforcement of all laws con

Millard Fillmore was then declared to be the stitutionally enacted until said 'laws shall be repealed, nominee. or shall be declared null and void by competent judicial

A ballot was then taken for Vice-President, authority.

13. Opposition to the reckless and unwise policy of the and Andrew Jackson Donelson, of Tennessee, present Administration in the general management of was nominated as follows: our national affairs, and more especially as shown in re

A. J. Donelson, Ten., 181; Percy Walker, Ala., 8 moving “ Americans" (by designation) and Conservatives in principle, from office, and placing foreigners and Henry J. Gardner, Mass., 8; Kenneth Raynor, x. 0., 8 Ultruists in their places; us shown in a truckling subser.

Mr. Donelson was then declared to be ...

the Union, must look with alarm at the parties in the nominate candidates. The followiz." Resolded, That all who revere the Constitution and those present and voting should be

property from field in the present Presidential campaign-one claiming only to represent sixteen Northern States, and the other was adopted, and, without taking of the Govern. appealing mainly to the passions and prejudices of the President, the Convention again adjoid ecanamr in Southern States; that the success of either faction must add fuel to the flame which now threatens to wrap our

PLATFORM OF 1860. dearest interests in a common ruin. Resolved, That the only remedy for an evil so appal. Republican electors of the United States, in Convention

Resolved, That we, the delegated representatives of the ling is to support a candidate pledged to neither of the assembled, in discharge of the duty we owe to our congeographical sections now arrayed in political antagonism, but holding both in a just and equal regard. We stituents and our country, unite in the following decla

rations: congratulate the friends of the Union that such a candidate exists in Millard Fillmore.

1. That the history of the nation, during the last foui Resolved, That, without adopting or referring to the years, has fully established the propriety and necessity peculiar doctrines of the party which has already se

of the organization and perpetuation of the Republican lected Mr. Fillmore as a candidate, we look to him as a party, and that the causes which called it into existence well-tried and faithful friend of the Constitution and the are permanent in their nature, and now, more than ever Union, eminent alike for his wisdom and firmness-for

before, demand its peaceful and constitutional triumph. his justice and moderation in our foreign relations for in the Declaration of Independence and embodied in the

2. That the maintenance of the principles promulgated his calm and pacific temperament, so well becoming the Federal Constitution, " That all men are created equal; head of a great nation-for his devotion to the Constitu- that they are endowed by their Creator with certain intion in its true spirit-his inflexibility in executing the alienable rights ; that among these are life, liberty add laws; but, beyond all these attributes, in possessing the the pursuit of happiness; that, to secure these rights, one transcendent merit of being a representative of neither of the two sectional parties now struggling for governments are instituted among men, deriving their political supremacy.

just powers from the consent of the governed," is essenResolved, That, in the present exigency of political af- and that the Federal Constitution, the Rights of the

tial to the preservation of our Republican institutions ; fairs, we are not called upon to discuss the subordinate questions of administration in the exercising of the States, and the Union of the States, must and shall be Constitutional powers of the Government. It is enough


3. That to the Union of the States this nation owes its to know that civil war is raging, and that the Union is in unprecedented increase in population, its surprising deperil ; and we proclaim the conviction that the restora- velopment of material resources, its rapid augmentation tion of Mr. Fillmore to the Presidency will furnish the best of wealth, its happiness at home and its honor abroad; if not the only means of restoring peace.

and we hold in abhorrence all schemes for Disunion, come In the election which ensued, Mr. Fillmore from whatever source they may: And we congratulate received the vote of Maryland ovly, while Mr. uttered or countenanced the threats of Disunion so often

the country that no Republican member of Congress has Buchanan obtained those of the 14 other Slave made by Democratic members, without rebuke and with States, and of New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana, applause from their political associates ; and we denounce Illinois and California, making 172 in all. Col. of their ascendency, as denying the vital principles of a Fremont received the votes of the eleven other free government, and as an arowal of contemplated treaFree States, making 114 in all. Pennsylvania son,

which it is the imperative duty of an indignant Peoand Illinois, had they voted for Col. Fremont, ple sternly to rebuke and forever silence.

4. That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the would have given him the election.

States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own domestic institutions according to its own judgment exclusively, is essential to that balance of pow

ers on which the perfection and endurance of our politiREPUBLICAN CONVENTION-1860.

cal fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless invasion A Republican National Convention assembled by arned force of the soil of any State or Territory, no

matter under what pretext, as among the gravest of at Chicago, Illinois, on Wednesday, May 16th, crimes. 1860, delegates being in attendance from all the 5. That the present Democratic Administration has far Free States, as also from Delaware, Maryland, serviency to the exactions of a sectional interest, as es

exceeded our worst apprehensions, in its measureless subVirginia, Kentucky, Missouri, Texas,* the Ter- pecially evinced in its desperate exertions to force the ritories of Kansas and Nebraska, and the Dis. infamous Lecompton Constitution upon the protesting trict of Columbia.

people of Kansas; in construing the personal relation

between master and servant to involve an unqualified Gov. Morgan, of New-York, as Chairman of property in persons ; in its attempted entorcement, everythe National Executive Committee, nominated where, on land and sea, through the intervention of ConDavid Wilmot as temporary Chairman, and he gress and of the Federal Courts of the extreme pretenwas chosen. The usual Committees on perma- vovarying abuse of the power intrusted to it by a confiduent organization, credentials, etc., were ap- ing people. pointed, and the Convention was permanently extravagance which pervades every department of the

6. That the people justly view with alarm the reckless organized by the selection of George Ashinun, Federal Government; that a return to rigid economy of Massachusetts, as President, with a Vice- and accountability is indispensable to arrest the systePresident and a Secretary from each State and matic plunder of the public treasury by favored partiTerritory represented. A Committee, of one and corruptions at the Federal metropolis, show that an from each State and Territory, was appointed entire change of administration is imperatively deto draft suitable resolutions, or in other words manded.

7. That the new dogma that the Constitution, of its a Platform, and the Convention adjourned.

own force, carries Slavery into any or all of the TerritoOn the following day, an interesting debate ries of the United States, is a dangerous political heresy, arose on a proposition to require a vote equal at variance with the explicit provisions of that instruto a majority of full delegations from all the legislative and judicial precedent; is revolutionary in its States to nominate candidates for President and tendency, and subversive of the peace and harmony of Vice-President; which, with the delegates actu- the country, ally in attendance, would have been about United States is that of freedom : That as our Republican

8. That the normal condition of all the territory of the equivalent to a two-third rule. This proposition fathers, when they had abolished Slavery in all our na. was voted down, and the Convention decided, tional territory, ordained that “no person should be deby a vote of 331 to 130, that only a majority of prived of life, liberty, or property, without due procese

of law,” it becomes our duty, by legislation, whenever

such legislation is necessary, to inaintain this provision * The delegation from Tsxas has since been proved frandulent, of the Constitution against all attempts to violate it; and having beep got up in Michigan lo effect a personal end. wo deny the authority of Co.gress, of a territorial lemn

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