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domestic institutions. But there is another which I of the Territory acquired by us from Mexico. He holds deeply regret to see introduced into this Senate, by a a directly contrary opinion to mine, as he has a perfect Senator from a slaveholding State; it is that which right to do; and we will not quarrel about that differassumes that Slavery does not now exist by law in those ence of opinion. countries. I understand one of these propositions to Mr. William R. King, of Alabama, was indeclare that, by law, Slavery is now abolished in NewMexico and California. That was the very proposition ciined to look with favor on Mr. Clay's proadvanced by the pon-slaveholding States at the last positions, and assented to some of them; but session; combated and disproved, as I thought, by gen. he objected to the mode in which California had tlemen' from the slaveholding States and which the formed what is called a State Constitution. He Compromise bill was framed to test. the question of law as dispos of, and it was very preferred the good old way of first organizing clearly and satisfactorily shown to be against the spirit Territories, and so training up their people “lor of the resolution of the senator from Kentucky. If the the exercise and enjoyment of our institutions." contrary is true, I presume the Senator from Kentucky would declare that if a law is now valid in the Territories Besides, he thought "there was not that kind abolishing Slavery, that it could not be introduced there, of population there that justified the formation even if a law was passed creating the institution, or repealing the statutes already existing; a doctrine never

of a State Government.” On the question of assented to, so far as I know, until now, by any Senator Slavery in the new Territories, he said: representing one of the slaveholding States. Sir, I hold the very opposite, and with such confidence, that at the

We ask no act of Congress--as has been properly intimalast session I was willing and did vote for a bill to test

ted by the Senator from Mississippi-to carry Slavery any. this question in the Supreme Court. Yet this resolution where. Sir, I believe we have as much Constitutional power assumes the other doctrine to be true, and our assent is

to prohibit Slavery from going into the Territories of the challenged to it as a proposition of law.

United States, as we have to pass an act carrying Slavery

there. We have no right to do either the one or the other. Mr. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, objected I would as soon vote for the Wilmot Proviso as I would specially to so much of Mr. Clay's propositions vote for any law which required that Slavery should go as relates to the boundary of Texas, to the into any of the Territories. slave-trade in the Federal district, and to Mr.

Mr. Downs, of Louisiana, said: Clay's avowal in his speech that he did not I must confess that, in the whole course of my life, my believe Slavery ever would or could be estab astonishment has never been greater than it was when I

saw this (Mr. Clay's) proposition brought forward as a lished in any part of the Territories acquired compromise ; and I rise now, sir, not for the purpose of from Mexico. He continued :

discussing it at all, but to protest most solemnly against it.

I consider this compromise as no compromise at all. What, But, sir, we are called upon to receive this as a sir, does it grant to the South ? I can see nothing at all. measure of compromise! As a measure in which we of the minority are to receive nothing. A measure of com

Mr. Butler, of South Carolina, said: promise! I look upon it as but a modest mode of taking that, the claim to which has been more boldly asserted proposition of compromise is nothing more than this: That

As I understand it, the Senator from Kentucky's whole by others; and, that I may be understood upon this California is already disposed of, having formed a State question, and that my position may go forth to the country in the same columns that convey the sentiments organized for Deseret and New-Mexico, under which, by

Constitution, od that Territorial Governments shall be of the senator from Kentucky, I here assert, that never will I take less than the Missouri Compromise line ex. population could not carry with them, or own slaves there.

the operation of laws already existing, a slaveholding tended to the Pacific Ocean, with the specific recognition What is there in the nature of a compromise here, coupled, of the right to hold slaves in the Territory below that line; and that, before such Territories are admitted into

as it is, with the proposition that, by the existing laws in the Union as States, slaves may be taken there from any not, and have no right to, go there with their property ?

the Territories, it is almost certain that slaveholders canof the United States at the option of the owners.

What is there in the nature of a compromise here? I am never consent to give additional power to a majority to willing, however, to run the risks, and am ready to give to commit further aggressions upou the minority in this Union; and will never consent to any proposition which always think that, under a Constitution giving equal rights

the Territories the governments they require. I shall will have such a tendency, without a full guaranty or

to all parties, the slaveholding people, as such, can go to counteracting measure is connected with it.

these Territories, and retain their property there. But, if Mr. Clay, in reply, said :

we adopt this proposition of the Senator from Kentncky,

it is clearly on the basis that Slavery shall not go there. I am extremely sorry to hear the Senator from Mississippi say that he requires, first, the extension of the The debate having engrossed the attention Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific; and also that of the Senate for nearly two monthshe is not satisfied with that, but requires, if I understood him correctly, a positive provision for the admission of

March 25.—Mr. Douglas, from the ComSlavery south of that line. And now, sir, coming from a mittee on Territories, reported the following Slave State, as I do, I owe it to myself, I owe it to truth, bills : I owe it to ihe subject, to state that no earthly power could induce me to vote for a specific measure for the Senate, 169.-A bill for the admission of California into introduction of Slavery where it had not before existed, the Union. either south or north of that line. Coming as I do from Senate, 170.—A bill to establish the Territorial Gova Slave State, it is my solemn, deliberate, and well-ma- ernments of Utah and New-Mexico, and for other purtured determination that no power-no earthly power-poses. shall compel me to vote for the positive introduction of These bills were read, and passed to a second Slavery either south or north of that line. Sir, while you reproach, and justly, too, our British ancestors for the reading. introduction of this institution upon the Continent of April 11.-Mr. Douglas moved that Mr. Bell's America, I am, for one, unwilling that the posterity of resolves do lie on the table. Lost: Yeas, 26 ; shall reproach us for doing just what we reproach Great Nays, 28. Britain for doing to us. If the citizens of those Terri- April 15.—The discussion of Mr. Clay's resotories choose to establish Slavery, I am for admitting lutions still proceeding, Colonel Benton moved them with such provisions in their Constitutions; but that the previous orders be postponed, and that posterity will have to reproach them, and not us, for the Senate now proceed to consider the bill (S. forming Constitutions allowing the institution of Slavery 169) for the admission of the State of Calito exist among them. These are my views, sir, and I fornia. choose to express them; and I care not how extensively and universally they are known. The honorable Sena

Mr. Clay moved that this proposition do lie tor from Virginia has expressed his opinion that Slavery on the table. Carried : Yea3, 27 (for a Com. exists in these Territories, and I have no doubt that promise); Nays, 24 (for a settlement without and I would say with equal sincerity and honesty, that i compromise). believe that Slavery nowhere exists within any portion The Senate now took up Mr. Bell's resolves,

I can

aforesaid, when Mr. Benton moved that they shall make no law establishing or prohibiting lie on the table. Lost: Yeas, 24; Nays, 28. Slavery in the new Territories, instead of “in

Mr. Benton next moved that they be so respect to " it. Yeas, 27; Nays, 25. amended as not to connect or mix up the ad- Mr. Seward moved to add at the end of the mission of California with any other question. 37th section : Lost: Yeas, 23; Nays, 28.

But neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall be Various modifications of the generic idea , allowed in either of the Territories of New-Mexico or Utah, were severally voted down, generally by large except on legal conviction for crime. majorities.

Which was negatived; Yeas and Nays not On motion of Mr. Foote, of Miss., it was now

taken. Ordered, That the resolutions submitted by Mr. Bell on

July 17.--The Senate resumed the considera. the 28th February, together with the resolutions submitted tion of the “Omnibus bill." on the 29th of January, by Mr. Clay, be referred to a se- Mr. Benton moved a change in the proposed lect Committee of thirteen; Provided, that the Senate boundary between Texas and New-Mexico. Repress in advance any opinion, or to give any instruction, jected : Yeas, 18; Nays, 36. either general or specific, for the guidance of the said Mr. Foote moved that the 34th parallel of Committee.

north latitude be the northern boundary of April 19.—The Senate proceeded to elect by Texas throughout. Lost: Yeas, 20; Nays, 34. ballot such Select Committee, which was com- July 19.-Mr. King moved that the parallel posed as follows:

of 350 30' be the southern boundary of the Mr. Henry Clay, of Ky., Chairman.

State of California. Rejected : Yeas, 20; Nays, Messrs. Dickinson, of N. Y. Cooper, of Pa.

Phelps, of Vt.

Downs, of La.
Bell, of Tenn.

King, of Ala.

Mr. Davis, of Mississippi, moved 36° 30'. Re-
Cass, of Mich.

Mangum, of N. C. jected: Yeas, 23; Nays, 32.
Webster, of Mass.

Mason, of Va.

July 23d.- Mr. Turney, of Tenn., moved that
Berrien, of Ga.

Bright, of Ind.
May 8.—Mr. Clay, from said Committee, re- new State Constitution.

the people of California be enabled to form a

Lost : ported at length, the views and recommenda- Navs, 33.

Yeas, 19; tions of the report being substantially as follows:

Mr. Jeff. Davis, of Mississippi, moved to add :

And that all laws and usages existing in said Territory, 1. The admission of any new State or States formed out at the date of its acquisition by the United States, which of Texas to be postponed until they shall hereafter pre- deny or obstruct the right of any citizen of the United sent themselves to be received into the Union, when it will states to remove to, and reside in, said Territory, with any be the duty of Congress fairly and faithfully to execute species of property legally held in any of the States of the compact with Texas, by admitting such new State or this Union, be, and are hereby declared to be, null and State

void. 2. The admission forthwith of California into the Union, with the boundaries which she has proposed.

This was rejected: Yeas, 22 ; Nays, 33. 8. The establishment of Territorial Governments, with

Yeas-For Davis's amendment: out the Wilmot Proviso, for New-Mexico and Utah, em: Messrs. Atchison, Mo. bracing all the territory recently acquired by the United

King, Ala. States from Mexico, not contained in the boundaries of

Barnwell, s. C.

Mangum, N. C. California.

Bell, Tenn.

Mason, Va. 4. The combination of these two last mentioned mea.

Berrien, Ga.

Morton, Fla. sures in the same bill;

Butler, S. C.

Pratt, Md. 5. The establishment of the western and northern bound

Clemens, Ala.

Rusk, Texas. aries of Texas, and the exclusion from her jurisdiction of

Davis, Miss.

Sebastian, Ark. all New Mexico, with the grant to Texas of a pecuniary

Dawson, Ga.

Soulé, La. equivalent; and the section for that purpose to be incor

Downs, La.

Turney, Tenn. porated in the bill admitting California and establishing

Houston, Texas.

Underwood, Ky. Territorial Governments for Utah and New Mexico.

Hunter, Va.

Yulee, Fla.-22. 6. More effectual enactments of law to secure the prompt NaysAgainst Davis's amendment: delivery of persons bound to service or labor in one State, Messrs. Badger, N. C. under the laws thereof, who escape into another State;

Foote, Miss. and,

Baldwin, Conn.

Greene, R. I. 7. Abstaining from abolishing Slavery; but, under a

Benton, Mo.

Hale, N. H. heavy penalty, prohibiting the slave-trade in the District

Bradbury, Me.

Hamlin, Me. of Columbia.

Bright, Ind.

Jones, Iowa.
Cass, Mich.

Miller, N. J.
The Senate proceeded to debate from day to Chase, Ohio

Norris, N. H. day the provisions of the principal bill thus re

Clarke, R. I.

Pearce, Md.

Clay, Ky. ported, commonly termed "the Omnibus."

Seward, N. Y.
Cooper, Pa.

Shields, II.
June 28.-Mr, Soulé, of Louisiana, moved Davis, Mass.

Smith, Conn. that all south of 36° 30' be cut off from Cali.

Dayton, N. J.

Spruance, Del fornia, and formed into a Territory entitled

Dickinson, N. Y.

Sturgeon, Pa.

Dodge, Wisc.
South California, and that said Territory

Upham, Vt.
Dodge, Iowa.

Wales, Del. "shall, when ready, able, and willing to become a State,

Felch, Mich.

Walker, Wise, and deserving to be such, be admitted with or without

Whitcomb, Ind.-33. Slavery, as the people thereof shall desire, and make Aug. 10.—The California bill was now taken known through their Constitution.


Mr. Yulee, of Fla., moved a substitute, This was rejected : Yeas, 19 (all Southern); remanding California to a territorial condition, Nays, 36.

and limiting her southern boundary. Rejected : July 10.—The discussion was interrupted by Yeas, 12 (all Southern); Nays, 35. the death of President Taylor. Millard Fillmore Mr. Foote moved a like project, cutting off succeeded to the Presidency, and William R. so much of California as lies south of 36 deg, King, of Alabama, was chosen President of the 30 min., and erecting it into the Territory of Senate, pro tempore.

Colorado. Rejected : Yeas, 13 (ultra Southern); July 15.-The bill was reported to the Senate Nays, 29. and amended so as to substitute “that Congress Aug. 12.-Still another proposition to limit

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California southwardly, by the line of 36 deg. Messrs. Baldwin, Conn., Ewing, Ohio, 30 min., was made by Mr. Turney, and rejected :

Benton, Mo.,

Hamlin, Me.,
Chase, Ohio,

Seward, N. Ý,
Yeas, 20 (all Southern); Nays, 30. After de-

Davis, Mass., Upham, Vt., feating Southern motions to adjourn, postpone, Dodge, Wis..

Winthrop, Mass. and lay on the table, the bill was engrossed for

So all the bills originally included in Mr. a third reading : Yeas, 33 (all the Senators from Clays “Omnibus” were passed-two of them in Free States, with Bell, Benton, Houston, Spru- the same bill-after the Senate had once voted ance, Wales and Underwood); Nays, 19 (all to sever them. from Slave States). Mr. Clay still absent, endeavoring to restore his failing health.

THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA STRUGGLE. Aug. 13.—The California bill passed its third Out of the Louisiana Territory, since the adreading: Yeas, 34; Nays, 18 (all Southern). mission first of Louisiana and then of Missouri

Aug. 14.-The Senate now took up the bill or as Slave States, there had been formed the Terganizing the Territories of New Mexico and Utah ritories of Arkansas, Iowa, and Minnesota ; the (as it was originally reported, prior to its inclu- first without, and the two others with, Congression in Mr. Clay's “ Omnibus”).

sional inhibition of Slavery. Arkansas, in due Mr. Chase, of Ohio, moved to amend the bill course, became a Slave, Iowa and Minnesota by inserting :

Free States. The destiny of one tier of States, Nor shall there be in said Territory either Slavery or fronting upon, and westward of, the Mississippi, involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment was thus settled. What should be the fate of of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly con- the next tier ? victed to have been personally guilty.

The region lying immediately westward of Which was rejected : Yeas, 20; Nays, 25. Missouri, with much Territory north, as well as

The bill was then reported complete, and a more clearly defined district south of it, was passed to be engrossed.

long since dedicated to the uses of the Aborigines Aug. 15.-Said bill had its third reading, -not merely those who had originally inhabited and was finally passed : Yeas, 27 ; Nays, 10. it, but the tribes from time to time removed

[The Senate proceeded to take up, consider, from the States eastward of the Mississippi. mature, and pass the Fugitive Slave bill, and Very little, if any, of it was legally open to the bill excluding the Slave Trade from the settlement by Whites; and, with the exception District of Columbia; but the history of these of the few and small military and trading posts is but remotely connected with our theme]. thinly scattered over its surface, it is probable We return to the House.

that scarcely two hundred white families were Aug. 28.--The California bill was taken up, located the spacious wilderness bounded by read twice, and committed.

Missouri, Iowa, and Minnesota on the east, the The Texas bill coming up, Mr. Inge, of Ala. British possessions on the north, the crest of the objected to it, and a vote was taken on its rejec- Rocky Mountains on the west, and the settled tion : Yeas, 34; Nays, 168 ; so it was not rejected. portion of New-Mexico and the line of 36° 30'

Mr. Boyd, of Ky., moved to amend it so as to on the south, at the time when Mr. Douglas create and define thereby the Territories of tirst, at the session of 1852–3, submitted a bill New-Mexico and Utah, to be slaveholding or organizing the Territory of Nebraska, by which not as their people shall determine when they title the region above bounded had come to be shall come to form State governments.

[In vaguely indicated. other words, to append the bill organizing the This region was indisputably included within Territory of New Mexico to the Texas bill.] the scope of the exclusion of Slavery from all

Sept. 7.—The California bill now came up. Federal Territory north of 36° 30', to which the Mr. Boyd moved his amendment already moved South bad assented by the terms of the Misto the Texas bill. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, declared souri compact, in order thereby to secure the it out of order. The Speaker again ruled it in admission of Missouri as a Slave State. Nor order. Mr. Vinton appealed, and the House was it once intimated, during the long, earnest, overruled the Speaker: Yeas (to sustain), 87; and searchiog debate in the Senate on the ComNays, 115.

promise Measures of 1850, that the adoption of Mr. Jacob Thompson, of Miss., moved to cut those measures, whether together or separately, off from California all below 36° 30'. Rejected: would involve or imply a repeal of the Missouri Yeas, 76 ; Nays, 131.

Restriction. We have seen on a former page The bill was now ordered to a third reading : how Mr. Clay's original suggestion of a ComproYeas, 151; Nays, 57, and then passed : Yeas, mise, which was substantially that ultimately 150; Nays, 56 (all Southern).

adopted, was received by the Southern Senators The Senate bill organizing the Territory of who spoke on its introduction, with hardly a Utah (without restriction as, to Slavery) was qualification, as a virtual surrender of all that then taken up, and rushed through the same the South had ever claimed with respect to the day: Yeas, 97; Nays, 85. [The Nays were new Territories. And, from the beginning to mainly Northern Free Soil men ; but some the close of the long and able discussion which Southern men, for a different reason, voted followed, neither friend nor foe of the Comprowith them].

mises, nor of any of them, hinted that one Sept. 9.—The House having returned the effect of their adoption would be the lifting of Toxas Boundary bill, with an amendment (Linn the Missouri restriction from the Territory now Boyd's), including the bill organizing the Ter- covered by it. When the Compromises of 1850 ritory of New Mexico therein, the Senate were accepted in 1852 by the National Conven. proceeded to consider and agree to the same : tions of the two great parties, as a settlement Yeas, 31 ; Nays, 10, namely:

of the distracting controversy therein contem

or not.

plated, no hint was added that the Nebraska I am willing, now that the question shall be taken; region was opened thereby to Slavery.

whether we will proceed to the consideration of the bill Several petitions for the organization of a Territory westward of Missouri and Iowa were

The meaning is here diplomatically veiled, presented at the session of 1851-2, but no de- yet is perfectly plain. Gen. Atchison had been cisive action taken thereon, until the next ses. I could procure a relaxation of the Missouri Re

averse to organizing this Territory until he sion, when, Dec. 13th.—Mr. W. P. Hall

, of Mo., pursuant hope of this, he was willing to waive the point,

striction as to Slavery; but, seeing no present to notice, submitted to the House a bill to ize the Territory of Platte, which was read and assent to an organization under a bill silent twice, and sent to the Committee on Territories with respect to Slavery, and of course leaving From that Committee,

the Missouri Restriction unimpaired. Feb. 2d, 1853.-Mr. W. A. Richardson, of Ill., reported a bill to organize the Territory of Gen. Pierce was inaugurated President on the Nebraska, which was read twice and com- 4th March, 1853. mitted.

The XXXIIId Congress assembled at WashFeb. 9th.—The bill was ordered to be taken ington, Dec. 5th, 1853, with a large Adminisout of Committee, on motion of W. P. Hall.

tration majority in either House.

Linn Boyd Feb. 10th.—The bill was reported from the of Ky., was chosen Speaker of the House. Committee of the Whole to the House, with a The President's Annual Message contained the recommendation that it do not pass.

following allusion to the subject of Slavery: Mr. Richardson moved the previous question,

It is no part of my purpose to give prominence to any which prevailed.

subject which may properly be regarded as set at rest by Mr. Letcher, of Va., moved that the bill do lie the deliberate judgment of the people. But, while the on the table. Lost: Yeas, 49 (mainly Southern); present is bright with promise, and the future full of de

mand and inducements for the exercise of active intelliNays, 107.

gence, the past can never be without useful lessons of The bill was then engrossed, read a third admonition and instruction. If its dangers serve not as time, and passed. Yeas, 98; Nays, 43, (as beacons, they will evidently fail to fulfil the object of a before.)

wise design. When the grave shall have closed over all,

who are now endeavoring to meet the obligations of duty, Feb. 11th. -The bill reached the Senate the year 1850 will be recurred to as a period filled with and was referred to the Committee on Terri-anxious apprehension. A successful war had just termitories.

nated. Peace brought with it a vast augmentation of

territory. Disturbing questions arose, bearing upon the Feb. 17th.-Mr. Douglas reported it without domestic institutions of one portion of the confederacy, amendment.

and involving the constitutional rights of the States. March 2d.—(Last day but one of the session), which then existed in relation to details, and specific pro

But, notwithstanding differences of opinion and sentiment Mr. Douglas moved that the bill be taken up: visions, the acquiescence of distinguished citizens, whose Lost: Yeas, 20; (all Northern but Atchison and devotion to the Union can never be doubted, has given Geyer, of Mo.;) Nays, 25; (21 Southern, 4 renewed vigor to our institutions, and restored a sense of Northern.)

repose and security to the public mind throughout the

confederacy. That this repose is to suffer no shock March 3rd.-Nr. Douglas again moved that during my official term, if I have power to avert it, those the bill be taken up.

who placed me here may be assured. Mr. Borland, of Ark., moved that it do lie on Dec. 15.-Mr. A. C. Dodge of Iowa submitted the table, Carried : Yeas, 23 ; (all Southern but to the Senate a bill (No. 22) “To organize the 4;) Nays, 17; (all Northern but Atchison and Territory of Nebraska," which was read twice, Geyer.) So the bill was put to sleep for the and referred to the Committee on Territories. session.

Jan. 4.-Mr. Douglas, from said Cominittee, On the motion to take up-Mr. Rusk of Texas reported said bill with amendments, which were objecting Mr. Atchison said:


He said in his Report: I must ask the indulgence of the Senate to say one The principal amendments which your committee word in relation to this matter. Perhaps there is not a deem it their duty to commend to the favorable action of State in the Union more deeply interested in this ques. the Senate, in a special report, are those in which the tion than the State of Missouri. If not the largest, I will principles established by the Compromise Measures of say the best, portion of that Territory, perhaps the only 1950, so far as they are applicable to territorial organizaportion of it that in half a century will become a State, tions, are proposed to be affirmed, and carried into lies immediately west of the State of Missouri. It is practical operation within the limits of the new Terri. only a question of time, whether we will organize the tory. Territory at this session of Congress, or whether we will With a view of conforming their action to what they do it at the next session; and, for my own part, I regard as the settled policy of the Government, sancacknowledge now that, as the Senator from Illinois well tioned by the approving voice of the American People, knows, when I came to this city, at the beginning of the your Committee have deemed it their duty to incorporate last session, I was perhaps as much opposed to the pro- and perpetuate, in their territorial bill, the principles and position, as the Senator from Texas now is. The Senator spirit of those measures. If any other consideration from Iowa knows it; and it was for reasons which I were necessary to render the propriety of this course will not now mention or suggest. But, sir, I have imperative upon the Committee, they may be found in from reflection and investigation in my own mind, and the fact that the Nebraska country occupies the same from the opinions of others—my constituents, whose relative position to the Slavery question, as did New opinions I am bound to respect-come to the conclusion Mexico and Utah, when those Territories were organized. that now is the time for the organization of this Terri- It was a disputed point, whether Slavery was protory. It is the most propitious time. The treaties with hibited by law in the country acquired from Mexico. the various Indian tribes, the titles to whose possessions On the one hand, it was contended, as a legal proposimust be extinguished, can better be made now than at tion, that Slavery having been prohibited by the enactany future time; for, as the question is agitated, and as ments of Mexico, according to the laws of nations, we it is understood, white inen, speculators, will interpose, received the country with all its local laws and domestic and interfere, and the longer it is postponed the more institutions attached to the soil, so far as they did not we will have to fear from them, and the more difficult it conflict with the Constitution of the United States; and will be to extinguish the Indian title in that country, that a law either protecting or prohibiting Slavery, was and the harder the terms to be imposed. Therefore, not repugnant to that instrument, as was evidenced by Mr. President, for this reason, without going into detail, I the fact that one-half of the States of the Union tolerated,

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while the other half prohibited, the institution of Slavery. / which prevailed-Yeas, 25; Nays, 10--as fol. On the other hand, it was insisted that, by virtue of the

lows: Constitution of the United States, every citizen had a right to remove to any Territory of the Union, and carry Yeas-For Douglas's new amendment: his property with him under the protection of law, Messrs. Adams,

Gwin, whether that property consisted of persons or things.


Hunter, The difficulties arising from this diversity of opinion were


Johnson, greatly aggravated by the fact that there were many


Jones, of Iowa, persons on both sides of the legal controversy, who were


Jones, of Tenn., unwilling to abide the decision of the courts on the legal


Mason, matters in dispute ; thus, among those who claimed that


Morton, the Mexican laws were still in force, and, consequently,


Norris, that Slavery was already prohibited in those Territories


Perrce, by valid enactments, there were many who insisted upon


Pettit, Congress making the matter certain, by enacting another


Pratt, prohibition. In like manner, some of those who argued


Sebastian, ihat Mexican law had ceased to have any binding force,

Dodge, of Iowa,

Slidell, and that the Constitution tolerated and protected Slave


Stuart, property in those Territories, were unwilling to trust the


Thompson, of Ky., decision of the courts upon the point, and insisted that


Toombs, Congress should, by direct enactment, remove all legal


Weller, obstacles to the introduction of Slaves into those Territo

Williams-35. ries.

Your Committee deem it fortunate for the peace of NaysAgainst said amendment; the country, and the security of the Union, that the con

Messrs. Allen,

Foot, troversy then resulted in the adoption of the Compro


Houston, mise Measures, which the two great political parties,

Dodge, of Wisc.,

Seward, with singular unanimity, have affirmed as a cardinal


Sumner, article of their faith, and proclaimed to the world as a


Wade-10. final settlement of the controversy and an end of the agitation. A due respect, therefore, for the avowed [NOTE.-Prior to this move of Mr. Douglas, Mr. Dixon, opinions of Senators, as well as a proper sense of pa. (Whig) of Kentucky, had moved to insert a clause directly triotic duty, enjoins upon your Committee the propriety and plainly repealing the Missouri Restriction. Mr. Dixon and necessity of a strict adherence to the principles, and even a literal adoption of the enactments of that adjust-thought if that was the object, (and he was in favor of it,) it ment, in all their territorial bills, so far as the same are should be approached in a direct and manly way. He was not locally inapplicable. These enactments embrace, assailed for this in the Union newspaper next morning ; but among other things, less material to the matters under his suggestion was substantially adopted by Douglas, after consideration, the following provisions :

a brief hesitation. Mr. Dixon's proposition, having been When admitted as a State, the said Territory, or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union, made in Committee, does not appear in the journal of the with or without Slavery, as their constitution may pre- Senate, or it would here be given in terms.) scribe at the time of their admission;

The bill was further discussed daily until That the legislative power and authority of said Terri. tory shall be vested in the Governor and a Legislative March 2nd, when the vote was taken on Mr. Assembly.

Chase's amendment, to add to Sec. 14 the folThat the Legislative power of said Territory shall lowing words : extend to all rightful subjects of legislation, consistent with the Constitution of the United States, and the pro

Under which the people of the Territory, through visions of this act; but no law shall be passed interfering their appropriate representatives, may, if they see with the primary disposal of the soil; no tax shall be ft, prohibit the existence of Slavery thereinimposed upon the property of the United States; nor which was rejected: Yeas, 10; Nays, 36, as shall the lands or other property of non-residents be

follows: taxed higher than the lands or other property of residents.

Yeas-For Mr. Chase's amendment :

Hamlin, Jan. 24.—The bill thus reported was con- Messrs. Chase, sidered in Committee of the Whole and post

Dodge, of Wisc.,


Smith, poned to Monday next, when it was made the


Sumner, order of the day.


Wade--10. The bill was further considered Jan. 31st, Nays Against Chase's amendment: Feb. 3d, Feb. 5th, and Feb. 6th, when an amend- Messrs. Adams,

Hunter, ment reported by Mr. Douglas, declaring the Atchison,

Johnson, Missouri Restriction on Slavery “inoperative


Jones, of Iowa, Bell,

Jones, of Tenn., and void,” being under consideration, Mr. Chase,


Mason, of Ohio, moved to strike out the assertion that


Morton, said Restriction



Pettit, was superseded by the principles of the legislation of

Clay, (C. C.,

Pratt, 1850, commonly called the Compromise Measures."


Rusk, This motion was defeated by Yeas, 13; Nays,



Dixon, 30.

Dodge, of Iowa,

Slidell, Feb. 15.—The bill having been discussed daily Douglas,

Stuart, until now, Mr. Douglas moved to strike out of


Toucey, his amendment the words above quoted (which



Weller, the Senate had refused to strike out on Mr.


Williams-36. Chase's motion,) and insert instead the fol

Mr. Badger, of N. C., moved to add to the lowing:

aforesaid section : Which being inconsistent with the principle of Non-In

Provided, That nothing herein contained shall tervention by Congress with Slavery in the States and Territories, as recognized by the legislation of 1850, (com-construed to revive or put in force any law or regu. ponly called the Compromise Measures,) is hereby declared lation which may have existed prior to the act of 6th inoperative and void ; it being the true intent and mean- of March, .1820, either protecting, establishing, proing of this act not to legislate Slavery into any Territory or kibiting, or abolishing Slavery. State, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to leave the people Carried : Yeas, 35; Nays, 6. thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic

Mr. Clayton now moved to strike ont so much institutions in their own way, subject only to the Constitution of the United States

of said Douglas amendment as permits emigrants


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