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Downs, Solomon U., of Louisiana, beaten

Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1848

15

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

Elected Vice-President, 1848.

16

1852..

20

Defeated for President in Whig National Con.

vention, 1852..

18

EVERETT, EDWARD, of Massachusetts, Union

American nominee for President in 1856..

23

candidate for Vice-President in 1860....

29

Indorsed by Whig National Convention in 1856, 25

His views on Slavery-His “Knapsack" Speech

His views on Slavery-Buffalo Letter of 1838,

in Congress Replies of Messrs. Mitchell, Rane

and Albany Speech of 1856..

202

dolph and Cambreleng-Mr. Everett on Geo-

His Letter to New York Union Meeting, 1860.. 203

graphical Parties-Later Views on Slavery,
in Letters of 1837 and '39....

FirZPATRICK, BENJAMIN, of Alabama, beaten

204
His Acceptance of the Nomination for Vice.

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

President of the United States....

1856.

214

24

His views on the Sumner Outrage.

Nominated by Democratic Convention, 1860...

215

43

Declines the Nomination...

213

ELLMAKER, Amos, of Pennsylvania, Anti- FLOURXOY, FRANCIS B, of Arkansas, tem-

Masonic candidate for Vice-President, 1832..... 10 porary Chairman of Democratic National Con-

ELECTION RETURNS IN DETAIL, of all the

vention, 1860.

29

Presidential Elections since 1836..

216 FLOYD, JOHN, of Virginia, supported by

Aggregate vote by States, for President, from

South Carolina for President, 1832.

11

1824 to 1856...

239 FREE HOMESTEADS -- Action of Congress on

Alabama vote for President.

228

Governor, Congress, etc. 1859 248

granting free Homesteads to actual settlers.. 182

Arkansas vote for President.

Mr. Grow's Ten-Year proposition defeated in

234

the House..

Congress, 1858.

248

184

California vote for President..

Mr. Grow introduces another bill which is

237

Governor, 1859.

248

passed in the House..

185

Connecticut vote for President...

The Senate refused to act upon it..

223

187

Governor, 1560.

Mr. Grow introduces another in 1860, which

240

Delaware vote for President.

224

passes the House...

185

Governor, 1853..

Rejected by the Senate..

240

189

Florida vote for President...

233

A compromise bill agreed upon.

190

Congress, 1858.

Vetoed by the President.

248

191

Georgia vote for President.

Veto sustained by the Senate.

225

193

Congress, 1859

243 FRELINGHUYSEN, THEODORE, of New-Jersey,

Illinois vote for President.

220

Nominated and defeated for Vice-President in

Congress, 1858.

246

1844..

Legislature, 1858.

247

Indiana vote for President.

222 FREMONT, Col. John C., of California, Re-

Congress, 1858.

246 publican nominee for President, 1856.

22

Iowa vote for President..

237 Defeated for President, 1856..

23

• Governor, 1859.

247 Declines a re-nomination, 1860..

28

Kentucky vote for President.

233

Congress, 1859

GARTRELL, LUCIUS J., of Georgia, for dis-

244

Louisiana vote for President..

232

solution..

Congress, 1859.

243 GEORGIA LEGISLATURE

Maine vote for President..

censures Senator

216

Governor, 1859..

Berrien for voting to confirm Mr. Everett as Min-

240

ister to England....

215

Maryland vote for President.

2:24

Congress, 1858.

241 Graham, William A., of North Carolina,

Massachusetts vote for President.

217 Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1852..

18

Governor, 1859..

240 Defeated for Vice-President, 1852...

22

Michigan vote for President..

Chief Justice, 1859.

GRANGER, Francis, of New York, Presi-

246

Minnesota vote for Governor, 1859.

248

dent Anti-Masonic National Convention.

10

Missouri vote for President..

235

Beaten for Vice-President, 1836.

12

Congress, 1858.

245 GUTHRIE, JAMES, of Kentucky, supported

Mississippi vote for President.

229

for President in National Democratic Conven-

Governor, Congress, etc, 1859 248

New Hampshire vote for President..

216

Governor, 1859. 240 HALE, John P., of New-Hampshire, Free

New-Jersey vote for President.

217 Democratic nominee for President, 1852..

21

Governor, 1859.

241

New-York vote for President..

219

HAMLIN, HANNIBAL, of Maine, nominated

Sec. State, Controller, etc.,

for Vice-President by Republican National Con-

1859.

240

vention, 1860.

23

North Carolina vote for President.

2:30

Renounces the Democratic party in the U. S.

Congress, 1859

Senate....

242

209

Ohio vote for President..

218

Accepts nomination for Vice-President...

211

" Governor, 1859.

245 Harrison, Gen. WILLIAM H., of Obio, nom-

Oregon vote for Congress, 1859.

247

inated and defeated for President in 1836.

12

Pennsylvania vote for President.

223

Nominated for President at Harrisburg, Decem-

Congress, 1858.

241

Rhode Island vote for President.

ber, 1839; elected President in 1840.

12

216

Governor, 1860.. 240 HICKMAN, John, of Pennsylvania, support-

South Carolina chooses Electors and Governor ed for Vice-President in Republican Convention,

by Legislature.....

248 1860...

28

Tennessee vote for President..

231

Congress, 1859.

Houston, Gen. Sam, of Texas, supported

244

Texas vote for President.

288 for President in Union Convention, 1860...

29

Congress, 1859

243 Hunter, Robert M. T., of Virginia, sup-

Vermont vote for President.

217

Governor, 1859

ported for President by Democratic National Con-

240

41

Virginia vote for President..

226

vention, 1860...

Governor, 1859.

241 Illinois DECLARES FOR FREE TERRITORIES

Wisconsin vote for President..

237 through Legislative Resolves....

208

Governor, 1859.

247

Jackson, Gen. ANDREW, of Tennessee,

FILLMORE, MILLARD, of New-York, defeated beaten for President in 1824 and elected in 1828... 10

for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1844..... 18 Reëlected President in 1832..

11

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PAGB

Johnson, ANDREW, of Tennessee, supported

for President in National Democratic Convention :

Johnson, HERSCHEL V., of Georgia, beaten

for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-

tion in 1856..

Nominated for Vice-President by Democratic

National Committee, 1860...

Speech on Slavery in the Territories in 1848
Holds that capital should own the laborer, in a

speech at Philadelphia in 1856. His Report
affirming the absolute right of holding slaves

in the Territories....
Johnson, RICHARD M., of Kentucky, beaten
in Convention for Vice-President, 1832.

Nominated and elected Vice-President in 1836..
Beaten for Vice-President in 1840..
Beaten for President in Democratic Convention,

1844
Johnson, WILLIAM Cost, of Maryland, Pre-

sident of Young Men's National Convention.....

JULIAN, GEORGE W., of Indiana, Free De-

mocratic candidate for Vice-President, 1852.....

KANSAS OUTRAGES, Report of Howard and

Sherman thereon

KILLINGER, JOHN W., of Pennsylvania,

offers an Anti-Slavery resolve in the American

Convention, 1856.

KING, LEICESTER, of Ohio, President of Lib-

erty Party National Convention, 1843.

KING, WILLIAM R., of Alabama, beaten

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of

1848.,

Democratic nominee for Vice-President in 1852.

Elected Vice-President in 1852..

ANE, Col. HENRY S., of Indiana, Presi-

dent of the Republican National Convention, 1856.

ANE, Gen. JOSEPH, of Oregon, beaten for

President in Democratic National Convention,

1852...

Nominated for Vice-President by Seceders at

Baltimore in 1860....

Accepts nomination....

Law, GEORGE, of New-York, defeated for

President in American National Convention, 1856.

LAWRENCE, ABBOTT, of Massachusetts, de-

feated for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1848.

LEAKE, SHELTON F., of Virginia, for Disso-

lution......

LEE, HENRY, of Massachusetts, supported

by South Carolina for Vice-President, 1882.......

LEMOYNI Francis J., of Pennsylvania,

Abolition candidate for Vice-President, 1840......

LETCHER, JOHN (Governor of Virginia),

for Dissolution.....

LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENTION held

at Buffalo in 1843..

LINCOLN, ABRAHAM, of Illinois, defeated for

Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856...

Nominated for President by Republican Conven-

tion, 1860..

Speech at Springfield, Ill., June 17, 1858

Discussion with Mr. Douglas at Freeport, Ill..

Speech at Cooper Institute, New-York, 1860.

Letter to Boston Committee on the Jefferson

Birthday Festival; Letter to Dr. Canisius on

Naturalization,

Accepts nomination for Presidency.

Lucas, Gen. ROBERT, President first Demo-

cratic National Convention....

MADISON, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-

dent 1808, and reëlected in 1812...
MAINE DEMOCRACY FOR THE WILMOT PRO-

viso..
ManguM, WILLIE P., of North Carolina, sup-

ported by South-Carolina for President in 1836...
MARCY, WILLIAM L., of New York, beaten

for President in Dem. National Convention, 1852.

Marsh, EPHRAIM, of New-Jersey, President

41 American National Convention.

23

Mason, John Y., of Virginia, beaten for

Vice-President in Dem. Nat. Con., 1848 ...

16

24

MASSACHUSETTS DECLARES FOR FREEDOM

48 through Legislative Resolves; Whigs of Massa-

168

chusetts for freedom.

202

MCLEAN, Judge John, of Ohio, defeated for
President in Republican Convention, 1856.

22
Also, in Republican Nat. Convention of 1860... 27
169

McKay, JAMES J., of North Carolina, beat-

en for Vice-President in Dem. Convention 1848... 16

10

12

McREA, JOHN J., of Mississippi, for Dissolu-

12

172

Missouri COMPROMISE, Adopted.

64

13

The Compromise Repealed,.

87

MITCHELL, JAMES C., of Tennessee, against

11

Slavery

264

“ Monroe DOCTRINE."-Extract from the

21

Message of James Monroe on the influence of

European Powers on this Continent..

2 1

92 MONROE, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-

dent in 1816 and reëlected in 1820

9

MOORE, SUYDENHAM, of Alabama, for Disso-

23

lution

172

MORGAN, WILLIAM, revealer of Masonic Se-

crets......

10

MOREHEAD, John M., of North Carolina,

President Whig National Convention, 1848....

16

15

20 MORRIS, THOMAS, of Ohio, Liberty Party

22 nominee for President in 1814....

14

NationAL REPUBLICAN (Clay) CONVEN-

22

tions, at Baltimore, 1831; at Washington, 1832... 11

New-HAMPSHIRE DECLARES FOR THE Wilmot

Proviso through Legislative Resolves.

218

20

NEW-JERSEY LEGISLATURE FOR FREE TER-

48 ritory.

61

212 NEW-YORK FOR FREEDOM.-Resolutions of

the Legislature against Slavery in the Territo-

23 ries in 1820,

60

Ditto in 1847-8-9.

216

Gen. John A. Dix presents resolutions to United

15

States Senate..

207

The Whigs in State Convention declare for Free-

172

dom. Address reported by James Brooks... 2 7

Free Democracy of New York for Freedom.

Resolutions presented by John Cochrane..... 207

11 ORDINANCE of 1784 (Jefferson's) against

Slavery in Territories.

51

12 ORDINANCE of 1787 (Dane's) prohibiting

Slavery in Northwest Territory..

52

172 O'Conor, CHARLES, New-York, defends

Slavery as intrinsically just in a speech at Union

13 Meeting, New-York, 1859.

164

His letter to Committee of Merchants..

167

22 OH10 DECLARES FOR FREEDOM through Legis-

lative Resolves.....

208

28 PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE FOR FREE

127

129

Territory

61

144 PIERCE, FRANKLIN, of New-Hampshire,

nominated for President in Democratic Conven-

tion, 1852..

20

206

Elected President,

22

210

Defeated for President in National Con., 1856 . 24

Receives one vote for President in National
10 Convention, 1860....
Pillow, Gen. GIDEON J., of Tennessee,

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-
tion, 1852...

20
PINCKNEY, CHARLES C., of South Carolina,
201

beaten for Vice-President, 1800; also for President

in 1804 and 1808...
12 POLITICAL National Platforms. - None

adopted by first Democratic Convention; Nation.
20 al Republican Platform....

11

nies.....

........

PAGE

PAGR

No Platform adopted by second Democratic SLAVERY EXTENSION or RESTRICTION, His-

Convention; no Platform adopted by Whig

tory of the struggle for...

49

Convention at Harrisburg, 1839; First Demo-

Origin and Progress of Slavery in America.. 49

cratic National Platform, 1840.

12

British Decisions affecting Slavery in the Colo-

Whig National Platform, 1844.

13

50

Democratic National Platform, 1844

13

Slavery under the Confederation.

51

Liberty Party Platform, 1844

14

Jefferson's Ordinance of 1784, providing for the

No Platform adopted openly by Whig Con-

Government of the Territories and the exclu.

vention, 1843..

15

sion of Slavery therefrom...

51

Democratic National Platform, 1848..

16

Yeas and Nays thereon in Continental Congress 52

Buffalo Free Soil Platform, 1848..

17

Ordinance of 1787, prohibiting Slavery in the

Whig National Platform, 1852

18 North-west Territory...

52

Democratic National Platform, 1852..

20

The Federal Constitution on Slavery..

52

Free Democratic Platform, 1852.

21 Constitutional Amendments affecting Slavery ;

Republican National Platform, 1856.

22

Cessions of Territory by Slave States; Early

American National Platform, 1856.

23

atteinpts to override the Ordinance of '87 53

Democratic National Platform, 1856.

24

Reports of John Randolph of Va., and Franklin

Whig National Platform, 1856..

25

of N. 0., in opposition thereto; The first Mis.

Republican National Platform, 1860.

26

souri S.ruggle..

54

Constitutional Union Party Platform, 1860.. 29

Slavery Restriction proposed by Gen. James

Democratic (Douglas) Platform of 1860..

82

Tallmadġe of N. Y.; Proposition sustained by

Addition thereto by Baltimore Convention... 48

the House ; Remarks thereon by Mr. T. Fuller

Seceders' Platform adopted at Charleston..

41

of Mass..

55

The same readopted by the Seceders' (Breckin-

Remarks of Gen. Tallmadge of N. Y..

56

ridge) Convention at Baltimore.

48

Reply of Mr. Scott of Mo...

57

58

POLK, James K., of Tennessee, nominated

Restriction negatived in the Senate.

House refuses to concur; Second Missouri

for and elected President, 1844..

13

Struggle ; Mr. John W. Taylor of N. Y. moves

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY IN THE TERRITORIES,

a Committee; Memorial of Daniel Webster in

favor of Slavery Restriction..

59

invented by Gen. Lewis Cass, in his Nicholson

Letter.......

Resolves of Legislature of N. Y., in favor of

179

Slavery Restriction..

60

PROHIBITION OF SLAVERY IN THE TERRITO-

Resolves of N. J. and Pa...

61

ries : Letter of Martin Van Buren thereon........

Resolves of Delaware; Counter Resolves of

181

Kentucky Legislature; Compromise proposed

Pogu, James L., of Alabama, for Dissolu-

by the Senate.

62

tion.......

172

Adopted in the Senate, and Bill passed ; House

refuses to concur...

63

QUITMAN, Gen. John A., of Mississippi,

Senate asks a Conference...

64

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

Compromise finally carried in the House by 90

tion, 1848..

16 Yeas (14 only from Free States) to 87 Nays

Beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Con-

(all from Free States)...

64

vention, 1856..

24 The third Missouri Struggle; Enlargement of

Missouri in 1836; Annexation of Texas... 65

RANDOLPH, John, of Virginia, on Everett, 204 Address of John Q. Adams and other Whig

Raynor KENNETH, of North Carolina, de-

members against such Annexation...

66

feated for President in American Convention,

Mr. Calhoun's dispatch to Mr. King; Mr. John

P. Hale proposes a division of Texas.

69

1856...

23

Annexation project of Milton Brown of Tenn.;

REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856 22 Adopted, Yeas 118, Nays 101; Proposition of

Mr. Foster of Tenn...

70

REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1860 26

Annexation carried in Senate, 26 to 25; The

REVOLUTION PROPOSED by William L. Yan-

Wilinot Proviso......

71

The Clayton Conpromise; Mr. J. M. Root's Re-
сеу.

173

solve tor Slavery Restriction ; Proposition of

RIVES, WM. C., of Virginia, defeated for

Isaac P. Walker of Wisconsin.

72

Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-

Proposition of Mr. Richard W. Thompson, of

12 Ind.; Slavery excluded from Oregon Terri-

tory..

73

Rosh, RICHARD, beaten for Vice-President

Mr. Douglas, of Illinois, proposes to extend the

in 1828..

10 Missouri line of restriction to the Pacific... 74

Rusk, Gen. Thomas J., of Texas, beaten

Senate agrees, but House refuses ; The Compro-

for Vice-President in Democratic National Con-

mise of 1550; Gen. Taylor's recommenda-

vention, 1852.

20

tions ; Gen. Sam Houston's proposition ; Hen-

ry Clay's plan of Compromise ; John Bell's

Scott, Gen. WINFIELD, of New-York, de-

proposition.

75

feated for President at Harrisburg, 1839.

12 Objections to Mr. Clay's scheme by Foote of

Defeated for President in Whig Convention,

Miss, and Mason, of Va..

76

1848..

15 Ditto by Jefferson Davis of Miss.; Mr. Clay

Nominated for President, 1852.

18 in reply; Messrs. Downs of La., King of Ala.,

Letter accepting nomination for President,

and Butler of S. O., in further opposition to

1852..

19 Mr. Clay..

77

Defeated for President, 1852.

22 Mr. Foote of Miss. moves a Committee of Thir-

SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Charleston, and

teen; Mr. Clay reports from said Committee ;

Mr. Jefferson Davis's. Amendment....

78

Platform..

41

Mr. Chase of Ohio moves a prohibition of Sla-
SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Baltimore nomi-

very ; The Omnibus defeated as a whole, but
nates John C. Breckinridge for President, and

passed in separate bills; The Kansas-Nebraska

Gen. Joseph Lane for Vice-President......

48 Struggle.

79

Mr. Atchison's remarks thereon; President
SEWARD, WM. H., of New-York, candidate

Pierce protests against the renewal of agita-

for President before National Republican Conven-

tion; Mr. Douglas's first Nebraska Report... 80

tion, 1860..

27

He amends his bill; Mr. Chase proposes to au-

His “ Irrepressible Conflict" Speech at Roches-

thorize the people of Kansas to prohibit Sla-

ter....

160

very therein; Opposed by Messrs. Bell, Doug.

SERGEANT, John, of Pennsylvania, beaten

las, etc., and defeated.

81

for Vice-President in 1832..

11

Mr. Clayton's “ American" amendment; Mr.

Defeated for Vice-President in Whig National

Chase moves that the people of the Territory

13

Convention, 1844..

be authorized to elect their own Governor;

Defeated by 30 to 10; Mr. Seward's speech

SINGLETON, Otho R., of Mississippi, for Dis-

against the bill..

S2

solution.

172 The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the Senate 84

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PAGE

The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the House.....

PAGB

Yeas 113, Nays, 104, thereon..

85 TYLER, John, of Virginia, nominated and

86

The clause of said bill repealing the Missouri

defeated for Vice-President, 1835_6.

12

Compromise ; President Pierce

on Kansas Af-

Nominated for Vice-President, at Harrisburg,

fairs in '55-'6; Mr. Douglas's Report on do.,

1839, and elected in 1840...

13

March 12, '56

Minority Report of Mr. Collamer of Vermont...

87 Two-THIRDS Rull adopted by first Demo-

89

House orders an investigation of Kansas frauds;

cratic Convention, 1832

10

Report of Messrs. Howard and Sherman there- TOUCEY. Isaac, of Connecticut, supported

92

House votes to admit Kansas as a Free State... 107

for President by Democratic National Convention, 41

Mr. Douglas reports a bill to pacify Kansas.

Mir. Trumbull's amendments thereto; Do. Messrs.

107 Van BUREN, Martin, of New York, nomi.

Foster's, Wilson's and Seward's; Passage of

nated for Vice-President..

10

Douglas's bill. ....

Nominated for President in 1835, and elected in

108

Mr. Geo. G. Dunn's bill to reorganize Kansas..

1836

12

109

President Pierce's last Message on Kansas..

Nominated for reëlection as President, 1840

110

18

Remarks of Messrs. Hale, Seward, Mason, Wil-

Defeated for President in 1840.

13

son and Pugh thereon..

Defeated in Democratic National Convention,

112

President Buchanan on the Lecompton Constitu-

1844

18

tion...

Nominated for President by Buffalo Convention,

118

Mr. Douglas's speech against Lecompton..

1843

114

17

Action on Lecompton in Kansas.

On Slavery in the Territories, letter to Water-

116

Mr. Buchanan's special Lecompton Message..

bury and others....

117

181

Provisions of Lecompton Constitution respecting VOTE IN WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION,

Slavery.

120

1852, on Resolve approving Compromise Measures

The Lecompton bill; Passed in the Senate, but

of 1850..

19

defeated in the House; The Crittenden-Mont-

gomery substitute.

121 WARD, JOHN E., of Georgia, President of

Yeas and Nays on adopting substituie..

122 the Democratic National Convention, 1856.

24

Senate refuses to concur; Mr. English moves a

Conference Committee ; Carried by the Speak-

WEBSTER, DANIEL, of Massachusetts, sup-

er's casting vote; The English Compromise

ported by Massachusetts for President, 1836.. 12

Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848

123

15

Carried through both Houses; The Wyandot

Beaten for President in Whig Convention, 1852.. 18

Convention and Constitution.

125

Memorial to Congress for Slavery Restriction ... 59

Mr. Grow proposes, and the House votes to ad.

His view on the powers of Supreme Court... 177

mit Kansas under the Wyandot Constitution;

Speech against Slavery Extension.

202

Senate refuses to act on the bill....

126 WELLER, Col. JOHN B., of California,

SLAVE-TRADE ADVOCATED in Democratic

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic National

National Convention by Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia.

Convention, 1852 ..

20

89

Also by Governor Adams, of S. C., in Message to

Whig NationAL CONVENTIONS, held at Har-

Legislature

208 risburg, Penn., 1839

12

Held at Baltimore, Md., 1844

13

SPENCER, AMBROSE, of New-York, Presi. Held at Philadelphia, Penn., 1848.

15

dent Whig National Convention, 1844 ..

13 Held at Baltimore, Md., 1852

1S

Held at Baltimore, Md., 1856

25

SPENCER, JOHN C., of New-York, Presi-

dent Anti-Masonic National Convention

WHITE, Hugh L., of Tennessee, unsuccess-

10

ful candidate for President

12

STEVENSON, ANDREW, of Virginia, Presi-

dent Second Democratic National Convention... 12

Wilmot, DAVID, of Pennsylvania, defeated

Ditto, President National Democratic Conyen-

for Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856

22

tion, 1848...

16

Temporary Chairman of Republican National

Convention, 1860....

26

STRANGE, ROBERT, of North Carolina, beaten

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

Wilson, Gen. HENRY, of Massachusetts,

1852

20

President of Free Democratic National Conven-

SUMNER, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, de-

tion, 1852

21

feated for Vice-President in Republican National

Wirt, WILLIAM, of Maryland, Anti-Ma-

Convention, 1856.....

22

sonic candidate for President, 1832

10

SUPREME COURT, POWER AND DUTIES OF-

Wilkins, WILLIAM, of Pennsylvania, sup-

Opinions of Thomas Jefferson...

174

ported by Pennsylvania for Vice-President, 1832.. 11

Opinions of John Taylor of Caroline, Va., John WISCONSIN declares for Free Territory,

Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon of

N. C., and John Bacon, of Massachusetts

through Legislative Resolves.....

201

175

Opinions of John J. Crittenden, Nathaniel Macon,

WOODBURY, LEVI, of New Hampshire, beaten

James Barbour, Supreme Court of Georgia,

for President in Democratic Convention, 1848 .... 16

Legislature of Georgia, Supreme Court of Penn-

sylvania, and Court of Appeals of Virginia.... 176

WRIGHT, Silas, of New-York, nominated

Opinions of Mahlon Dickerson, Richard M. John.

for Vice-President by Democratic National Con-

son, Gen. Andrew Jackson, and Daniel Web-

vention of 1844, but declined...

13

ster...

177 YANCEY, WILLIAM L., of Alabama, offers

TAYLOR RATIFICATION MEETING at Phila-

"non-interference " resolve in Democratic Con-

delphia, 1848, and Resolves

15 vention, 1848

17

He advocates Revolution in the South.

173

TAYLOR, ZACHARY, of Louisiana, Whig

nominee for President, 1848

15 YOUNG, Col. SAMUEL, of New-York, Presi-

Elected President in 1848..

16

dent of the Barnburners' Convention at Utica in

1848.

17

7 'LDEN,

DANIEL R., of Ohio, proposes

Offers Anti-Slavery Resolves in Senate of New.

lavery Restriction in Whig Convention, 1848 .... 15

York

206

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A POLITICAL TEXT-BOOK FOR 1860.

NATIONAL CAUCUSES, CONVENTIONS, AND

PLATFORMS.

National Conventions for the nomination of a potent influence over such questions, being; candidates are of comparatively recent origin. on this occasion, unable to agree as to which of In the earlier political history of the United her favored sons should have the preference. States, under the Federal Constitution, candi- Ninety-four of the 136 Republican members of dates for President and Vice-President were Congress attended this caucus, and declared nominated by congressional and legislative their preference of Mr. Madison, who received caucuses. Washington was elected as first 83 votes, the remaining 11 being divided bePresident under the Constitution, and reëlected tween Mr. Monroe and George Clinton. The for a second term by a unanimous, or nearly Opposition supported Mr. Pinckney; but Mr. unanimous, concurrence of the American people; Madison was elected by a large majority. but an opposition party gradually grew up in Toward the close of Mr. Madison's earlier Congress, which became formidable during his term, he was nominated for reëlection by a second term, and which ultimately crystalized Congressional Caucus held at Washington, in into what was then called the Republican May, 1812. In September of the same year, a party. John Adams, of Massachusetts, was convention of the Opposition, representing prominent among the leading Federalists, while eleven States, was held in the city of NewThomas Jefferson, of Virginia, was preëmi- York, which nominated De Witt Clinton, of gently the author and oracle of the Republican New-York, for President. He was also put in party, and, by common consent, they were the nomination by the Republican Legislature of opposing candidates for the Presidency, on New-York. The ensuing canvass resulted in Washington's retirement in 1796–7.

the reëlection of Mr. Madison, who received Mr. Adams was then chosen President, while 128 electoral votes to 89 for De Witt Clinton. Mr. Jefferson, having the largest electoral vote In 1816, the Republican Congressional Caucus next to Mr. A., became Vice-President. nominated James Monroe, who received, in the

The first Congressional Caucus to nominate caucus, 65 votes to 54 for Wm. H. Crawford, candidates for President and Vice-President, is of Georgia. The Opposition, or Federalists, said to have been held in Philadelphia in the named Rufus King, of New-York, who receivea year 1800, and to have nominated Mr. Jeffer- only 34 electoral votes out of 217. There was. son for the first office, and Aaron Burr for the no opposition to the reëlection of Mr. Monroe second. These candidates were elected after a in 1820, a single (Republican) vote being cast desperate struggle, beating John Adams and against him, and for John Quincy Adams. Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina. In In 1824, the Republican party could not be 1804, Mr. Jefferson was reëlected President, i induced to abide by the decision of a Congres with George Clinton, of New-York, for Vice, sional Caucus. A large majority of the Repubencountering but slight opposition: Messrs. lican members formally refused to participate Charles C. Pinckney and Rufus King, the op- in such a gathering, or be governed by its deciposing candidates, receiving only 14 out of 176 sion; still, a Caucus was called and attended by Electoral Votes. We have been unable to find the friends of Mr. Crawford alone. Of the 261 any record as to the manner of their nomina- members of Congress at this time, 216 were tion. In January, 1808, when Mr. Jefferson's Democrats or Republicans, yet only 66 ressecond term was about to close, a Republican ponded to their names at roll-call, 64 of whom Congressional Caucus was held at Washington, voted for Mr. Crawford as the Republican nomijo decide as to the relative claims of Madison nee for President. This nomination was very

nd Monroe for the succession, the Legisla. extensively repudiated throughout the country, i ure of Virginia, which had been said to exert land three competing Republican candidates

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